Trauma and PTSD Counselling in Solihull

Photo of undefined - Adrian Murray Counselling , MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Adrian Murray Counselling
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Solihull B93
We all struggle with many things from all kinds of abuse in our lives, be that Anxiety, Depression, various trauma, from major or minor incidents, along with equality issues, organisational issues, bereavement, self harm, family issues, post traumatic stress disorder(PTSD), personality disorders, and many other issues. No matter how low or out of control these issues make us feel, with the right support and relationship we can get through these difficult times in our lives. You do not have to go through this on your own. I can listen and support without any judgement. I can offer advice and my experience.
We all struggle with many things from all kinds of abuse in our lives, be that Anxiety, Depression, various trauma, from major or minor incidents, along with equality issues, organisational issues, bereavement, self harm, family issues, post traumatic stress disorder(PTSD), personality disorders, and many other issues. No matter how low or out of control these issues make us feel, with the right support and relationship we can get through these difficult times in our lives. You do not have to go through this on your own. I can listen and support without any judgement. I can offer advice and my experience.
01842 771097 View 01842 771097
Photo of Helen Gillies, MSc, UKCP Trainee, Counsellor
Helen Gillies
Counsellor, MSc, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Solihull B93
My experience includes working in the charity sector with a diverse client base, supporting individuals with issues such as disability, trauma, depression, PTSD and bereavement.
Your place in this world matters. Choosing a therapist is an important part of your journey, my objective is to create a space in which you feel safe and comfortable to express yourself. Being integrative means that I am trained in more than one approach to counselling, allowing me to be flexible with the approach that works for you. Through counselling, we can create the space to explore parts of yourself that you might feel unable to share with others. I have helped people with experience of trauma, depression, social anxiety and more. I offer face to face and online sessions.
My experience includes working in the charity sector with a diverse client base, supporting individuals with issues such as disability, trauma, depression, PTSD and bereavement.
Your place in this world matters. Choosing a therapist is an important part of your journey, my objective is to create a space in which you feel safe and comfortable to express yourself. Being integrative means that I am trained in more than one approach to counselling, allowing me to be flexible with the approach that works for you. Through counselling, we can create the space to explore parts of yourself that you might feel unable to share with others. I have helped people with experience of trauma, depression, social anxiety and more. I offer face to face and online sessions.
024 7542 4994 View 024 7542 4994
Photo of Dr Cathy Ghaib, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Cathy Ghaib
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Solihull B90  (Online Only)
I provide specialist support to adolescents and adults who are struggling with difficulties such as PTSD, childhood trauma, perinatal and postnatal difficulties, low self esteem, anxiety and depression. I also offer couples work. I use range of evidence-based therapeutic interventions and attune to each individuals needs.
I provide specialist support to adolescents and adults who are struggling with difficulties such as PTSD, childhood trauma, perinatal and postnatal difficulties, low self esteem, anxiety and depression. I also offer couples work. I use range of evidence-based therapeutic interventions and attune to each individuals needs.
0121 728 2205 View 0121 728 2205
Dr Soraya Michelle De Boni
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Solihull B92
I also help people with relationship problems, depression, anxiety problems, phobias, PTSD, obsessions and compulsions, grief and loss.
Do you feel stuck, lost and alone in life? Do you feel overwhelmed by your problems and struggle to understand why you feel so unhappy and unfulfilled? Do you worry about letting people get emotionally close to you and so tend to distance yourself from others? Yet then feel isolated and deeply unhappy? Have you always felt different or as though there was something wrong with you? Do you have a longing to understand yourself and feel an emotional connection with people in your life? I have worked with many people with these kinds of problems. It is likely that you experienced emotional neglect or trauma as a child.
I also help people with relationship problems, depression, anxiety problems, phobias, PTSD, obsessions and compulsions, grief and loss.
Do you feel stuck, lost and alone in life? Do you feel overwhelmed by your problems and struggle to understand why you feel so unhappy and unfulfilled? Do you worry about letting people get emotionally close to you and so tend to distance yourself from others? Yet then feel isolated and deeply unhappy? Have you always felt different or as though there was something wrong with you? Do you have a longing to understand yourself and feel an emotional connection with people in your life? I have worked with many people with these kinds of problems. It is likely that you experienced emotional neglect or trauma as a child.
0121 285 4539 View 0121 285 4539
Photo of undefined - SJ Psychotherapy, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
SJ Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Solihull B91  (Online Only)
As an experienced Psychotherapist, I work with a range of issues including anxiety, OCD, PTSD, trauma, phobias, depression .
Hello, my name is Sobia and I'm an Accredited Psychotherapist with 17 years experience. I have worked in mental health services for over 20 years. Are you struggling with anxiety, stress, depression, feeling overwhelmed? Maybe you are finding it hard to come to terms with major life events, difficult experiences or traumas. If you are looking to make sense of your experiences, emotions or to change how you think or deal with difficulties in your life, then maybe therapy is the way forward for you. I provide a safe, contained, compassionate and person centred therapeutic environment for you to share and explore your difficulties.
As an experienced Psychotherapist, I work with a range of issues including anxiety, OCD, PTSD, trauma, phobias, depression .
Hello, my name is Sobia and I'm an Accredited Psychotherapist with 17 years experience. I have worked in mental health services for over 20 years. Are you struggling with anxiety, stress, depression, feeling overwhelmed? Maybe you are finding it hard to come to terms with major life events, difficult experiences or traumas. If you are looking to make sense of your experiences, emotions or to change how you think or deal with difficulties in your life, then maybe therapy is the way forward for you. I provide a safe, contained, compassionate and person centred therapeutic environment for you to share and explore your difficulties.
0121 387 0239 View 0121 387 0239
Photo of undefined - Holly-Jane Thurgood Optimism Psychotherapy Service, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Holly-Jane Thurgood Optimism Psychotherapy Service
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Solihull B90  (Online Only)
Optimism Psychotherapy & Supervision Services LTD (15525207) offer accredited psychotherapy including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing, Narrative Exposure Therapy & Interpersonal Therapy for Depression, Anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Complex-PTSD, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and addiction.
I offer accredited psychotherapy to teenagers & adults nationwide. I am also the founder and lead therapist of Optimism. My approach is friendly and collaborative and based on the latest evidence of successful therapy approaches. I am an experienced and highly trained mental health professional and accredited CBT & EMDR psychological therapist. I have over 15 years of military healthcare experience delivering care in the UK and whilst deployed on operations in Afghanistan and in maritime environments. I have expert experience in delivering psychotherapy to Veterans, Service Personnel and those working for the Emergency Services.
Optimism Psychotherapy & Supervision Services LTD (15525207) offer accredited psychotherapy including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing, Narrative Exposure Therapy & Interpersonal Therapy for Depression, Anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Complex-PTSD, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and addiction.
I offer accredited psychotherapy to teenagers & adults nationwide. I am also the founder and lead therapist of Optimism. My approach is friendly and collaborative and based on the latest evidence of successful therapy approaches. I am an experienced and highly trained mental health professional and accredited CBT & EMDR psychological therapist. I have over 15 years of military healthcare experience delivering care in the UK and whilst deployed on operations in Afghanistan and in maritime environments. I have expert experience in delivering psychotherapy to Veterans, Service Personnel and those working for the Emergency Services.
023 8001 6653 View 023 8001 6653
Photo of Sarah Jane Steventon, MHGI, Psychotherapist
Sarah Jane Steventon
Psychotherapist, MHGI
Verified Verified
Solihull B91
This unique style of working offers one of most effective methods of therapy available today and works to treat anxiety conditions, such as Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Health Anxiety, Social Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Panic Attacks, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Phobic Response Patterns (Phobias).
Sarah Steventon is a Psychotherapist and the founder of Warwickshire Specialist Anxiety Centre. Sarah is a specialist in psychopathology, and is one of the UK's leading experts in anxiety disorders. This style of working isn’t about giving advice or talking things through – this is about creating fast and effective change, utilising the brain's ability to rewire itself, known at neuroplasticity, to achieve the desired change. Due to the enormous amount of enquiries Sarah receives, she is not able to return all calls. If you wish to book in or enquire about therapy please use the contact form on her website www.sarahsteventon.com
This unique style of working offers one of most effective methods of therapy available today and works to treat anxiety conditions, such as Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Health Anxiety, Social Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Panic Attacks, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Phobic Response Patterns (Phobias).
Sarah Steventon is a Psychotherapist and the founder of Warwickshire Specialist Anxiety Centre. Sarah is a specialist in psychopathology, and is one of the UK's leading experts in anxiety disorders. This style of working isn’t about giving advice or talking things through – this is about creating fast and effective change, utilising the brain's ability to rewire itself, known at neuroplasticity, to achieve the desired change. Due to the enormous amount of enquiries Sarah receives, she is not able to return all calls. If you wish to book in or enquire about therapy please use the contact form on her website www.sarahsteventon.com
01926 569036 View 01926 569036
Photo of undefined - Hilary Dixon of Positive New You Limited, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Hilary Dixon of Positive New You Limited
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Solihull B91
I’m an accredited psychotherapist (BACP) with 17 years of experience & a clinical supervisor. I am passionate about supporting others with their mental health as well as assisting other therapists with their growth. It’s important to know you are in safe hands and your therapist is competent, capable, trustworthy and able to support you for the short/long term.
I’m an accredited psychotherapist (BACP) with 17 years of experience & a clinical supervisor. I am passionate about supporting others with their mental health as well as assisting other therapists with their growth. It’s important to know you are in safe hands and your therapist is competent, capable, trustworthy and able to support you for the short/long term.
01564 336718 View 01564 336718
Photo of Pippa Trace, BACP, Counsellor
Pippa Trace
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Solihull B92
People seek counselling and psychotherapy for various reasons. Not everyone knows what is bothering them. Often it is the difficulties and challenges of daily life that become overwhelming and unmanageable, impacting relationships, work and decision making. It is sometimes beyond the control of the individual to address those issues without professional help.
People seek counselling and psychotherapy for various reasons. Not everyone knows what is bothering them. Often it is the difficulties and challenges of daily life that become overwhelming and unmanageable, impacting relationships, work and decision making. It is sometimes beyond the control of the individual to address those issues without professional help.
0121 285 7924 View 0121 285 7924
Photo of Ann-Marie Munday, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Ann-Marie Munday
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Solihull B93
Do you ever find yourself feeling empty, depressed, numb or anxious. Unhappy or unfulfilled in relationships. That life feels out of control, or its hard to find what you want or how to get it. Feeling plagued by difficult thoughts of the past, nightmares or flashbacks. I specialise in providing psychological therapy to adults experiencing emotional and psychological difficulties. I would work with you to carefully understand the difficulties you bring, and help you to make the emotional and psychological changes you want, enabling you to lead the fulfilled life you long for and deserve.
Do you ever find yourself feeling empty, depressed, numb or anxious. Unhappy or unfulfilled in relationships. That life feels out of control, or its hard to find what you want or how to get it. Feeling plagued by difficult thoughts of the past, nightmares or flashbacks. I specialise in providing psychological therapy to adults experiencing emotional and psychological difficulties. I would work with you to carefully understand the difficulties you bring, and help you to make the emotional and psychological changes you want, enabling you to lead the fulfilled life you long for and deserve.
07392 685282 View 07392 685282
Photo of Louisa Jinks, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Louisa Jinks
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Solihull B93
Hello, thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I understand that seeking counselling can be difficult as well as the importance of finding the right counsellor. I offer a safe and accepting space to explore the issues which may be impacting on you. I am an experienced Person-Centred Counsellor/Psychotherapist, Clinical Supervisor and EMDR Therapist who has over 17 years experience of working with individuals from the age of 18 years. I also integrate Cognitive Behaviour Therapy into my practice.
Hello, thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I understand that seeking counselling can be difficult as well as the importance of finding the right counsellor. I offer a safe and accepting space to explore the issues which may be impacting on you. I am an experienced Person-Centred Counsellor/Psychotherapist, Clinical Supervisor and EMDR Therapist who has over 17 years experience of working with individuals from the age of 18 years. I also integrate Cognitive Behaviour Therapy into my practice.
024 7542 0081 View 024 7542 0081
Photo of Dr Greg Stocks, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Greg Stocks
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Solihull B90  (Online Only)
As part of being a Psychologist, I am passionate about working with people, finding where they can gain more power in their life to affect the changes they want to see. I work with people with a wide range of difficulties and am keen to help them to contextualise their difficulties within their life experiences, to support the dropping of the toxic self-blame which often keeps people snagged, and to think about alternative ways of relating to themselves and others which opens up choices about where they might take their life in the future.
As part of being a Psychologist, I am passionate about working with people, finding where they can gain more power in their life to affect the changes they want to see. I work with people with a wide range of difficulties and am keen to help them to contextualise their difficulties within their life experiences, to support the dropping of the toxic self-blame which often keeps people snagged, and to think about alternative ways of relating to themselves and others which opens up choices about where they might take their life in the future.
01905 958309 View 01905 958309
Photo of undefined - All in Dew Time Therapy & Supervisory Services, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
All in Dew Time Therapy & Supervisory Services
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Solihull B91
Counselling room in Castle Bromwich, Solihull, Birmingham and online UK. Hello, I warmly welcome you to my page for details of my trauma informed services. There can be times in life where things can feel overwhelming and challenging and it may be hard to reach out for the help and support that you deserve and that feels right for you. Reaching out for help and support is always a sign of strength and never weakness. During these challenging times, I am offering low cost counselling and psychotherapy which can be made available immediately for you through telephone, and online with me, through Teams, Zoom, Skype and WhatsApp.
Counselling room in Castle Bromwich, Solihull, Birmingham and online UK. Hello, I warmly welcome you to my page for details of my trauma informed services. There can be times in life where things can feel overwhelming and challenging and it may be hard to reach out for the help and support that you deserve and that feels right for you. Reaching out for help and support is always a sign of strength and never weakness. During these challenging times, I am offering low cost counselling and psychotherapy which can be made available immediately for you through telephone, and online with me, through Teams, Zoom, Skype and WhatsApp.
01675 620925 View 01675 620925
Photo of Emma Inman, MBACP, Counsellor
Emma Inman
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Solihull B92
There are lots of reasons that you may be considering counselling. If you have experienced a trauma, are suffering stress or anxiety or are not living life to the full or feel that you are stuck I would like to offer you a safe space to explore your issues. Working together to gain understanding of your thoughts and feelings, which may be effecting your quality of life and relationships. To help you move forward gaining personal growth, insight, healing and change.
There are lots of reasons that you may be considering counselling. If you have experienced a trauma, are suffering stress or anxiety or are not living life to the full or feel that you are stuck I would like to offer you a safe space to explore your issues. Working together to gain understanding of your thoughts and feelings, which may be effecting your quality of life and relationships. To help you move forward gaining personal growth, insight, healing and change.
01455 247633 View 01455 247633
Photo of Laura Gwilt, MNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
Laura Gwilt
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Solihull B91
Hi, I'm Laura! In a compassionate and authentic setting, my work involves empowering children, young people and adults. Individuals with whom I work with are able to explore their thoughts, feelings and behaviours in a safe environment, leading to improved psychological well-being. I have worked with children, young people and adults who have experienced trauma and abuse, whilst being trained in the treatment of anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Authenticity and honesty are amongst my main priorities during treatment, ensuring clients leave therapy feeling informed and confident in managing their mental wellbeing.
Hi, I'm Laura! In a compassionate and authentic setting, my work involves empowering children, young people and adults. Individuals with whom I work with are able to explore their thoughts, feelings and behaviours in a safe environment, leading to improved psychological well-being. I have worked with children, young people and adults who have experienced trauma and abuse, whilst being trained in the treatment of anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Authenticity and honesty are amongst my main priorities during treatment, ensuring clients leave therapy feeling informed and confident in managing their mental wellbeing.
01564 335976 View 01564 335976
Photo of Jane Oneill, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Jane Oneill
Psychologist, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Solihull B90
You feel like you can’t cope, you’re fed up, you’ve had enough. Your life isn’t what you want it to be. Living has become hard and there’s no joy in your world. It’s like everyone else except you is happy. You’re haunted by your past. You think you’ll never be happy again. You feel alone like no one else understands how hard your life is at the moment. On the outside you look fine but inside you feel like you’re dying. Everything you do feels like an act to look like you’re okay. You don’t know how to change things or what to do about it anymore.
You feel like you can’t cope, you’re fed up, you’ve had enough. Your life isn’t what you want it to be. Living has become hard and there’s no joy in your world. It’s like everyone else except you is happy. You’re haunted by your past. You think you’ll never be happy again. You feel alone like no one else understands how hard your life is at the moment. On the outside you look fine but inside you feel like you’re dying. Everything you do feels like an act to look like you’re okay. You don’t know how to change things or what to do about it anymore.
0121 827 8999 View 0121 827 8999
Photo of Gavin Crisp, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Gavin Crisp
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Solihull B92
Hi, I’m Gav and I’m an accredited Psychological Therapist based in Birmingham. I have 15 years of experience supporting & empowering people to improve their mental health and transform their lives. Ultimately my passion and drive is to support people to rediscover happiness, connection and fulfilment and I can support you to achieve this by a tailored approach to meet your individual needs. I work on the premise of self-development and growth, utilising a combination of evidence-based therapies and tools to help you move forward, feel confident and succeed in every area of your life.
Hi, I’m Gav and I’m an accredited Psychological Therapist based in Birmingham. I have 15 years of experience supporting & empowering people to improve their mental health and transform their lives. Ultimately my passion and drive is to support people to rediscover happiness, connection and fulfilment and I can support you to achieve this by a tailored approach to meet your individual needs. I work on the premise of self-development and growth, utilising a combination of evidence-based therapies and tools to help you move forward, feel confident and succeed in every area of your life.
0121 227 9899 View 0121 227 9899
Photo of Beata Bakiej, MBACP, Counsellor
Beata Bakiej
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Solihull B91  (Online Only)
Life has a way of taking us down some pretty rough roads at times, and it can make us feel alone, anxious, angry, confused, all sorts of emotions, that when left can build and bring us down even further. Sometimes we can feel overwhelmed and it can interfere with our enjoyment of life and keep us stuck. Breath, you are not alone. Sometimes you just need someone to hear you. I’m here to listen and assist you with the issues you are experiencing. I have a passion for helping people learn to cope with and overcome the issues that are hindering their lives. It can be daunting to reach out, but that is where I can help.
Life has a way of taking us down some pretty rough roads at times, and it can make us feel alone, anxious, angry, confused, all sorts of emotions, that when left can build and bring us down even further. Sometimes we can feel overwhelmed and it can interfere with our enjoyment of life and keep us stuck. Breath, you are not alone. Sometimes you just need someone to hear you. I’m here to listen and assist you with the issues you are experiencing. I have a passion for helping people learn to cope with and overcome the issues that are hindering their lives. It can be daunting to reach out, but that is where I can help.
01527 918549 View 01527 918549
Photo of Sinead Carroll, HCPC - Forensic Psych., Psychologist
Sinead Carroll
Psychologist, HCPC - Forensic Psych.
Verified Verified
Solihull B90
I am a chartered forensic psychologist with 20 yrs’ experience of working with people with a history of mental illness, emotional disturbance, personality difficulties, learning difficulties, offending behaviour, and other psychological difficulties. I trained and supervised a range of healthcare professionals across the UK. Working with both male, female and non-binary clients, my aim is to personalise therapy to individual client needs, having a proven track record in positive outcomes for people experiencing emotional difficulties. I understand the importance for clients to feel safe, to connect with their values, and others.
I am a chartered forensic psychologist with 20 yrs’ experience of working with people with a history of mental illness, emotional disturbance, personality difficulties, learning difficulties, offending behaviour, and other psychological difficulties. I trained and supervised a range of healthcare professionals across the UK. Working with both male, female and non-binary clients, my aim is to personalise therapy to individual client needs, having a proven track record in positive outcomes for people experiencing emotional difficulties. I understand the importance for clients to feel safe, to connect with their values, and others.
07403 928506 View 07403 928506
Photo of undefined - Plug-in Therapy - Rajie Sokhi, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Plug-in Therapy - Rajie Sokhi
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Solihull B91
As an integrative practitioner, I have researched and worked with various models and approaches over the years and have found a holistic therapeutic process increases the success rate of managing and resolving emotional difficulties. My approach looks at the past, present, and future, and therapy offered is tailored to your unique experiences and needs. I believe the therapeutic relationship is the most important aspect of therapy and I base my relationships with clients on collaboration, trust and partnership. I am dedicated in helping you each step of the way and understand how daunting therapy can be especially for first timers.
As an integrative practitioner, I have researched and worked with various models and approaches over the years and have found a holistic therapeutic process increases the success rate of managing and resolving emotional difficulties. My approach looks at the past, present, and future, and therapy offered is tailored to your unique experiences and needs. I believe the therapeutic relationship is the most important aspect of therapy and I base my relationships with clients on collaboration, trust and partnership. I am dedicated in helping you each step of the way and understand how daunting therapy can be especially for first timers.
0121 726 1287 View 0121 726 1287

See more therapy options for Solihull

Trauma and PTSD Counsellors

When should I seek treatment for trauma?

Not everyone who undergoes trauma needs therapy to heal, but many do. If, after experiencing a traumatic event, you find yourself struggling with symptoms such as nightmares, dissociation, irritability, or emotional numbness—especially if these symptoms last more than a month and are severe enough to interfere with your daily functioning—you may benefit from seeking out therapy with a trauma-informed provider.

How long does trauma therapy take?

Different types of therapy for trauma unfold on different timelines. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy, for example, each take about three months, while trauma-informed CBT may last anywhere from 8 to 25 sessions. Other approaches, especially those that are less structured or that incorporate elements from multiple modalities, may be more open-ended, though many patients report feeling better within the first few months of treatment.

What happens if trauma is left untreated?

Unaddressed trauma can have serious—even devastating—effects on relationships, career, and day-to-day functioning. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can lead people to distrust or lash out at others, making it difficult to maintain intimate relationships; it can also trigger symptoms such as flashbacks or hyperreactivity that can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively, personally and/or professionally. Some sufferers turn to drugs to find relief. Symptoms may lessen on their own with time, but there is no guarantee that PTSD will resolve on its own.

Can PTSD come back after treatment?

It is possible for PTSD symptoms to recur months or years after successful treatment. This is because, like most mental health disorders, it is not possible to “cure” PTSD, and stressful life events may cause symptoms to recur in even the most resilient individuals. There is no shame in re-experiencing PTSD symptoms nor in returning to therapy when such relapses occur; indeed, many forms of trauma therapy explicitly encourage periodic “maintenance sessions” to reinforce coping skills and ensure that symptoms stay manageable.