Counselling in Sheffield

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Photo of Paul A Green, MBACP, Counsellor
Paul A Green
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S3
My role, as a psychodynamic therapist, is to provide an environment that is confidential and safe. This is why I do what I do. I provide an outside perspective to help you understand how your past influences present behaviours; your use of defences to avoid reality and awareness of how unconscious reoccurrence operates in your life. With your assistance my aim is to develop different strategies in making better choices to existing problems and explore beliefs of past feelings, memories. This doesn’t mean all your life is broken, but certain grey areas compromising the relationships you’re having with self and others.
My role, as a psychodynamic therapist, is to provide an environment that is confidential and safe. This is why I do what I do. I provide an outside perspective to help you understand how your past influences present behaviours; your use of defences to avoid reality and awareness of how unconscious reoccurrence operates in your life. With your assistance my aim is to develop different strategies in making better choices to existing problems and explore beliefs of past feelings, memories. This doesn’t mean all your life is broken, but certain grey areas compromising the relationships you’re having with self and others.
01226 610188 View 01226 610188
Photo of Laura Turner, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Laura Turner
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S10
Hi, my name is Laura Turner and I am an experienced Clinical Psychologist, with training in Cognitive Analytic Therapy. Sometimes people can find themselves stuck in patterns of thinking, feeling and doing and may struggle to know what is preventing them from moving forward and making change. You may be feeling stressed or anxious, experiencing low mood, problems with sleep or be having difficulties in your relationships, at work or with your health. You may have experienced difficult or traumatic events, either in the past or more recently and these may be impacting how you cope, keeping you stuck in negative patterns.
Hi, my name is Laura Turner and I am an experienced Clinical Psychologist, with training in Cognitive Analytic Therapy. Sometimes people can find themselves stuck in patterns of thinking, feeling and doing and may struggle to know what is preventing them from moving forward and making change. You may be feeling stressed or anxious, experiencing low mood, problems with sleep or be having difficulties in your relationships, at work or with your health. You may have experienced difficult or traumatic events, either in the past or more recently and these may be impacting how you cope, keeping you stuck in negative patterns.
0114 697 6902 View 0114 697 6902
Photo of Sonia Dixon, BACP, Counsellor
Sonia Dixon
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S8
For the past twenty years, I have worked with various forms of abuse, mainly presenting in relationships; such as physical, emotional and sexual abuse, and have supported individuals to work through experiences of trauma when it intersects with experiences of multiple disadvantages and complex mental health. I have extensive experience also working with anxiety, depression, bereavement and bereavement by suicide, as well as issues such as anger, sadness, shame and relationship issues.
For the past twenty years, I have worked with various forms of abuse, mainly presenting in relationships; such as physical, emotional and sexual abuse, and have supported individuals to work through experiences of trauma when it intersects with experiences of multiple disadvantages and complex mental health. I have extensive experience also working with anxiety, depression, bereavement and bereavement by suicide, as well as issues such as anger, sadness, shame and relationship issues.
01724 514379 View 01724 514379
Photo of Alanna Rusch, MA, HCPC-Art Therap., Counsellor
Alanna Rusch
Counsellor, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S10
Hi, I'm Alanna. I'm an Art Psychotherapist. The therapy session is a time set aside for you to express yourself openly and freely so as to be able to have space to really get to know yourself better. I offer a non judgemental space where we can think and explore together whatever it is that feels present for you. My approach is Psychodynamic, this involves being curious about how the past shapes the way we experience ourselves now in the present, as well as in our relationships and our way of being in the world.
Hi, I'm Alanna. I'm an Art Psychotherapist. The therapy session is a time set aside for you to express yourself openly and freely so as to be able to have space to really get to know yourself better. I offer a non judgemental space where we can think and explore together whatever it is that feels present for you. My approach is Psychodynamic, this involves being curious about how the past shapes the way we experience ourselves now in the present, as well as in our relationships and our way of being in the world.
0114 697 0697 View 0114 697 0697
Photo of Sam Robb-King, MNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
Sam Robb-King
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Sheffield S7
I welcome hearing from all new clients, but I have particular experience in bereavement, sexual abuse and pregnancy, birth, early parenthood (sometimes called the perinatal period) and baby loss. Has something happened to you that you feel like you should be able to cope with, but find yourself stuck, not able to move on, feeling frustrated or ashamed by your response? Perhaps that's because you've not had a space in which you can say the things you need to say to someone who is not connected with what happened. I will welcome how you really feel with warmth, respect and compassion and we will collaborate on how things might change
I welcome hearing from all new clients, but I have particular experience in bereavement, sexual abuse and pregnancy, birth, early parenthood (sometimes called the perinatal period) and baby loss. Has something happened to you that you feel like you should be able to cope with, but find yourself stuck, not able to move on, feeling frustrated or ashamed by your response? Perhaps that's because you've not had a space in which you can say the things you need to say to someone who is not connected with what happened. I will welcome how you really feel with warmth, respect and compassion and we will collaborate on how things might change
0114 697 1084 View 0114 697 1084
Photo of Carmen Calvo-Rodriguez, MA, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Carmen Calvo-Rodriguez
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S6
People seek therapy for different reasons. You may be feeling low, depressed, anxious or stressed; or perhaps you just have the feeling that things are not quite right. It might be that the distress is such that you cannot function at all. These could be recent feelings or you may have been experiencing them for years. In any case, counselling or psychotherapy can help you make sense of things, explore different options or make changes. Some of these issues can be sorted after a few sessions; in other instances, a more long-term approach will be needed.
People seek therapy for different reasons. You may be feeling low, depressed, anxious or stressed; or perhaps you just have the feeling that things are not quite right. It might be that the distress is such that you cannot function at all. These could be recent feelings or you may have been experiencing them for years. In any case, counselling or psychotherapy can help you make sense of things, explore different options or make changes. Some of these issues can be sorted after a few sessions; in other instances, a more long-term approach will be needed.
0114 551 8792 View 0114 551 8792
Photo of Heather Emblen - Heather @ Lantern Psychotherapy, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Heather @ Lantern Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Sheffield S8
My name is Heather, and I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) at Lantern Psychotherapy. I work alongside a small group of professional, experienced therapists providing high quality therapy. I provide therapy online and in person enabling you to access your therapy at a time and place convenient to you. CBT is a widely used, evidence-based, recommended therapy, suitable for a range of mental health problems. CBT is most effective when working together with a therapist towards your personal therapy goals. We will focus your sessions therefore, on the aspects of your difficulties most important to you.
My name is Heather, and I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) at Lantern Psychotherapy. I work alongside a small group of professional, experienced therapists providing high quality therapy. I provide therapy online and in person enabling you to access your therapy at a time and place convenient to you. CBT is a widely used, evidence-based, recommended therapy, suitable for a range of mental health problems. CBT is most effective when working together with a therapist towards your personal therapy goals. We will focus your sessions therefore, on the aspects of your difficulties most important to you.
0114 551 7141 View 0114 551 7141
Photo of Philippa Moorhead, MA, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Philippa Moorhead
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S10
Life feeling difficult? Discouraged at how hard everything feels? I've been there. I can help you find the confidence to decide you want to be in life. Do you get an anxious knot in your stomach on Sunday evening, thinking about the week ahead? Yet you can't ever seem to work hard enough to calm that feeling. Does this spill over into your relationships at home or work and you find yourself unaccountably irritated or angry with others, or withdrawing from them? Do you want to make changes but you have no idea what, never mind where, to start? I can help you find your path.
Life feeling difficult? Discouraged at how hard everything feels? I've been there. I can help you find the confidence to decide you want to be in life. Do you get an anxious knot in your stomach on Sunday evening, thinking about the week ahead? Yet you can't ever seem to work hard enough to calm that feeling. Does this spill over into your relationships at home or work and you find yourself unaccountably irritated or angry with others, or withdrawing from them? Do you want to make changes but you have no idea what, never mind where, to start? I can help you find your path.
0114 697 2599 View 0114 697 2599
Photo of Faye Marie Noyland - Faye Noyland Counselling, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Faye Noyland Counselling
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S35
About me: There are times when we all need someone to listen and work alongside us for an issue that has become complex for us alone. I want to offer you time to be heard and explore issues that you are currently experiencing. It is important to me that we can collaborate and work together to develop a way with you of moving ahead. I think the relationship between counsellor and client is fundamental. I am happy to offer a free twenty minute session for assessment and to see if we are both happy to work together.
About me: There are times when we all need someone to listen and work alongside us for an issue that has become complex for us alone. I want to offer you time to be heard and explore issues that you are currently experiencing. It is important to me that we can collaborate and work together to develop a way with you of moving ahead. I think the relationship between counsellor and client is fundamental. I am happy to offer a free twenty minute session for assessment and to see if we are both happy to work together.
0114 697 6622 View 0114 697 6622
Photo of Jane McClaren - Sheffield CBT & Counselling Practice, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Sheffield CBT & Counselling Practice
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S2
We at Sheffield CBT & Counselling Practice are committed to helping people to overcome difficult and distressing times. We provide a safe and personalised service offering solutions for people experiencing a range of difficulties from anxiety, depression, panic attacks, worrying, social phobia, low self esteem, public speaking, OCD, & PTSD. At the center of Sheffield CBT & Counselling Practice is an approach that supports clients to reach psychological and personal well-being,
We at Sheffield CBT & Counselling Practice are committed to helping people to overcome difficult and distressing times. We provide a safe and personalised service offering solutions for people experiencing a range of difficulties from anxiety, depression, panic attacks, worrying, social phobia, low self esteem, public speaking, OCD, & PTSD. At the center of Sheffield CBT & Counselling Practice is an approach that supports clients to reach psychological and personal well-being,
0114 478 2065 View 0114 478 2065
Photo of Tony Henstock, MBACP, Counsellor
Tony Henstock
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S10  (Online Only)
I will offer you the time, privacy and support required to explore aspects of your life you may feel you need to understand better or areas in which you would like to grow. Somewhere impartial and unconnected with your everyday life and as someone with who you can share thoughts and feelings. I work in an Integrative Counselling approach which has the basic assumptions that we are naturally social beings with the ability and wish to relate externally to others and internally to ourselves. Due to the significance of relationships in this approach, the therapeutic relationship between us will be central to the process of Counselling.
I will offer you the time, privacy and support required to explore aspects of your life you may feel you need to understand better or areas in which you would like to grow. Somewhere impartial and unconnected with your everyday life and as someone with who you can share thoughts and feelings. I work in an Integrative Counselling approach which has the basic assumptions that we are naturally social beings with the ability and wish to relate externally to others and internally to ourselves. Due to the significance of relationships in this approach, the therapeutic relationship between us will be central to the process of Counselling.
0114 478 2755 View 0114 478 2755
Photo of Claire York, MBACP, Counsellor
Claire York
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S25
I believe that counselling provides an opportunity for clients to progress towards a more satisfying way of life. It provides you with the opportunity to find your own solutions to personal emotional problems. It is often easier for us to talk about life issues with someone who is completely impartial and will maintain our confidentiality.
I believe that counselling provides an opportunity for clients to progress towards a more satisfying way of life. It provides you with the opportunity to find your own solutions to personal emotional problems. It is often easier for us to talk about life issues with someone who is completely impartial and will maintain our confidentiality.
0114 303 3347 View 0114 303 3347
Photo of Hayley Janette Day - Day Psychology , HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Day Psychology
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S10
Hello I’m Hayley, Clinical Psychologist based in Derbyshire and South Yorkshire with over 16 years of experience working in the NHS, independent health settings and the voluntary sector. Seeking help and beginning therapy can be a big step and can feel daunting. My goal is to offer you a supportive and understanding environment where you can freely explore and address your psychological concerns. I value the therapeutic relationship as being the key to therapeutic change and enjoy working collaboratively.
Hello I’m Hayley, Clinical Psychologist based in Derbyshire and South Yorkshire with over 16 years of experience working in the NHS, independent health settings and the voluntary sector. Seeking help and beginning therapy can be a big step and can feel daunting. My goal is to offer you a supportive and understanding environment where you can freely explore and address your psychological concerns. I value the therapeutic relationship as being the key to therapeutic change and enjoy working collaboratively.
01629 701540 View 01629 701540
Photo of Dr Angela Turner, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Angela Turner
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S10
Hello, I am a Consultant Clinical Psychologist, CAT Therapist and Coach. I am passionate about working with people in the way that they find most helpful. We can all find ourselves at a point in our lives when things are not how we’d like them to be. We can be caught up in negative patterns, experience difficult symptoms (such as struggling with sleep or anxiety, feeling low or stressed) and have difficulties with our relationships, work or our health. We may have experienced something traumatic or stressful that we struggle to cope with or find ourselves caught up in a negative situation that we don’t seem to be able to escape.
Hello, I am a Consultant Clinical Psychologist, CAT Therapist and Coach. I am passionate about working with people in the way that they find most helpful. We can all find ourselves at a point in our lives when things are not how we’d like them to be. We can be caught up in negative patterns, experience difficult symptoms (such as struggling with sleep or anxiety, feeling low or stressed) and have difficulties with our relationships, work or our health. We may have experienced something traumatic or stressful that we struggle to cope with or find ourselves caught up in a negative situation that we don’t seem to be able to escape.
0114 303 2889 View 0114 303 2889
Photo of Dr Adam Hill, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Adam Hill
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S8  (Online Only)
Do you find that despite your very best efforts to cope with difficult thoughts and feelings such as anxiety, depression and/or anger, your difficulties are still holding you back? Do you find that your ways of coping can make things worse in the long-term? You may be finding that your relationships with others are suffering as a result, and you might be finding it difficult to talk to friends and family about your difficulties. Are you struggling to find a way to move forward? Do you feel like you’ve lost touch with what’s important to you, and lost your sense of direction in life?
Do you find that despite your very best efforts to cope with difficult thoughts and feelings such as anxiety, depression and/or anger, your difficulties are still holding you back? Do you find that your ways of coping can make things worse in the long-term? You may be finding that your relationships with others are suffering as a result, and you might be finding it difficult to talk to friends and family about your difficulties. Are you struggling to find a way to move forward? Do you feel like you’ve lost touch with what’s important to you, and lost your sense of direction in life?
0114 697 2920 View 0114 697 2920
Photo of Robbie Thompson, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Robbie Thompson
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S3
Hi, I’m Robbie - I’m an Integrative Counsellor/Psychotherapist with a particular interest in existential thinking and creativity in helping us navigate life's challenges, losses and contradictions. I think that having a dedicated space to reflect upon and explore our experiences - perhaps more freely than we might feel able to ordinarily - can engender new perspective, self-knowledge, and change.
Hi, I’m Robbie - I’m an Integrative Counsellor/Psychotherapist with a particular interest in existential thinking and creativity in helping us navigate life's challenges, losses and contradictions. I think that having a dedicated space to reflect upon and explore our experiences - perhaps more freely than we might feel able to ordinarily - can engender new perspective, self-knowledge, and change.
0114 697 0777 View 0114 697 0777
Photo of Brian Thompson, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Brian Thompson
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S2
Someone starting therapy may not know what their needs are, this can be part of the journey of discovery. I believe in the therapeutic relationship which empowers people to find their own understanding of themselves and their situation. Together we work on a safe space to bring the possibility of understanding and growth.
Someone starting therapy may not know what their needs are, this can be part of the journey of discovery. I believe in the therapeutic relationship which empowers people to find their own understanding of themselves and their situation. Together we work on a safe space to bring the possibility of understanding and growth.
0114 697 1870 View 0114 697 1870
Photo of Sarah Drabble, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Sarah Drabble
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S6
I offer supportive, confidential, non-judgemental proactive counselling in a warm, comfortable, safe environment. I work mainly from a Pluralistic approach meaning that I truly believe in a person’s ability to grow and develop in the way that is best for them and by integrating approaches to counselling such as psychodynamic, person-centred and CBT we can work together to get you to a better place. I have found that many problems have their roots buried in past experiences, yet my approach is always flexible, client centred and focused primarily on client growth.
I offer supportive, confidential, non-judgemental proactive counselling in a warm, comfortable, safe environment. I work mainly from a Pluralistic approach meaning that I truly believe in a person’s ability to grow and develop in the way that is best for them and by integrating approaches to counselling such as psychodynamic, person-centred and CBT we can work together to get you to a better place. I have found that many problems have their roots buried in past experiences, yet my approach is always flexible, client centred and focused primarily on client growth.
0114 697 2249 View 0114 697 2249
Photo of Karen ledger - Karen Ledger Ltd at KSL Consulting, DCounsPsych, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Karen Ledger Ltd at KSL Consulting
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S10
I am an experienced, therapist, executive coach and supervisor, having started my practice in 1995. I have been on the executive of the BACP and am a published author. My practice is informed by you about what you need and how you would like to work and I will provide the therapeutic relationship for you to get to where you want and need to be. We can work indoors (in Broomhill) or outdoors (at Ringinglow) in the countryside depending on what you prefer.
I am an experienced, therapist, executive coach and supervisor, having started my practice in 1995. I have been on the executive of the BACP and am a published author. My practice is informed by you about what you need and how you would like to work and I will provide the therapeutic relationship for you to get to where you want and need to be. We can work indoors (in Broomhill) or outdoors (at Ringinglow) in the countryside depending on what you prefer.
0114 697 3955 View 0114 697 3955
Photo of Richard Hennessy - Sheffield Wellness Centre, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Sheffield Wellness Centre
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Sheffield S7
Most people haven't had any kind of therapy before and it can be a bit daunting to know where to start. There are over 40 therapists based at the Sheffield Wellness Centre and my job as practice manager is to help you find the perfect person to help you achieve your desired outcome. The first step is to get in touch to arrange a no obligation discovery call. This is ideal if you don't even know what kind of therapy might suit you. I won't use any jargon and will talk you through the pros and cons of the different therapies so you can make an informed choice rather than selecting a therapist at random and hoping for the best.
Most people haven't had any kind of therapy before and it can be a bit daunting to know where to start. There are over 40 therapists based at the Sheffield Wellness Centre and my job as practice manager is to help you find the perfect person to help you achieve your desired outcome. The first step is to get in touch to arrange a no obligation discovery call. This is ideal if you don't even know what kind of therapy might suit you. I won't use any jargon and will talk you through the pros and cons of the different therapies so you can make an informed choice rather than selecting a therapist at random and hoping for the best.
0114 697 2974 View 0114 697 2974
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See more therapy options for Sheffield

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Sheffield

200+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in Sheffield who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
85% Depression
84% Self Esteem
80% Stress
77% Relationship Issues
72% Trauma and PTSD
61% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Bupa
53% Aviva
53% AXA PPP

How Counsellors in Sheffield see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Sheffield?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.