Autism Counselling in Ripon

Photo of Julie Iveson - Julie Iveson Psychotherapeutic Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Julie Iveson Psychotherapeutic Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ripon HG4
Welcome! I offer a warm, relaxed and empathic space to help you deveIop self-understanding, compassion and acceptance . My skills, knowledge and training were achieved at the highest level available at the accredited Northern Guild in Jesmond, Newcastle. In addition to my private practice, I have experience working in a variety of therapy and psychology services; and significant experience working with grief, loss and illness, including: an NHS secondary mental health service, a national bereavement charity, and a local hospice. ​I am on the National Autistic Society's List of Counsellors.
Welcome! I offer a warm, relaxed and empathic space to help you deveIop self-understanding, compassion and acceptance . My skills, knowledge and training were achieved at the highest level available at the accredited Northern Guild in Jesmond, Newcastle. In addition to my private practice, I have experience working in a variety of therapy and psychology services; and significant experience working with grief, loss and illness, including: an NHS secondary mental health service, a national bereavement charity, and a local hospice. ​I am on the National Autistic Society's List of Counsellors.
01969 600597 View 01969 600597
Photo of Kirsten Antoncich, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Kirsten Antoncich
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Ripon HG4
I'm a registered Psychotherapist and Counsellor. I work with Children, Adolescents, Adults and also offer support to families. I've worked in the field for 9 years and have worked with the NHS, for charities and also as Clinical Lead managing a service in the North East. My background is in Psychology. Whilst I am passionate about research in the field and best practice, I am also a warm, approachable practitioner who is able to put prospective clients at ease. I understand how daunting coming to see a Counsellor or therapist can be.
I'm a registered Psychotherapist and Counsellor. I work with Children, Adolescents, Adults and also offer support to families. I've worked in the field for 9 years and have worked with the NHS, for charities and also as Clinical Lead managing a service in the North East. My background is in Psychology. Whilst I am passionate about research in the field and best practice, I am also a warm, approachable practitioner who is able to put prospective clients at ease. I understand how daunting coming to see a Counsellor or therapist can be.
01347 668127 View 01347 668127
Photo of Caroline Mattinson Better Nature Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Caroline Mattinson Better Nature Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ripon HG4
Hello and welcome. I’m a counsellor providing short and long term therapy. You may have reached a point in your life where you feel that you need help to deal with something, understand it, or come to terms with it. Sometimes, you may not be able to pinpoint the reason behind your sense of unhappiness, or there isn’t a name or heading for the way you feel, yet you do have the inkling that now might be the right time to do something about it. Counselling can offer you that time and space. I can help with issues like anxiety, depression, low self esteem, coping with life’s challenges, or how our early relationships affect us.
Hello and welcome. I’m a counsellor providing short and long term therapy. You may have reached a point in your life where you feel that you need help to deal with something, understand it, or come to terms with it. Sometimes, you may not be able to pinpoint the reason behind your sense of unhappiness, or there isn’t a name or heading for the way you feel, yet you do have the inkling that now might be the right time to do something about it. Counselling can offer you that time and space. I can help with issues like anxiety, depression, low self esteem, coping with life’s challenges, or how our early relationships affect us.
01845 444621 View 01845 444621
Photo of Hannah Woodruff, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Hannah Woodruff
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ripon HG4
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling to recognise yourself at the moment. Perhaps there has been a life altering event? Or maybe it has gradually dawned on you how things have changed. Are you experiencing difficulties in your relationships? Or feeling out of synch with your responses to the world around you? We all experience times like these where we need a little more support. Time to stop and process things so we can make the decisions we want to move forward to a place of happiness and freedom again. If you need space to discuss your feelings I can provide a non-judgemental warm and safe place to explore yourself and to create change.
Are you struggling to recognise yourself at the moment. Perhaps there has been a life altering event? Or maybe it has gradually dawned on you how things have changed. Are you experiencing difficulties in your relationships? Or feeling out of synch with your responses to the world around you? We all experience times like these where we need a little more support. Time to stop and process things so we can make the decisions we want to move forward to a place of happiness and freedom again. If you need space to discuss your feelings I can provide a non-judgemental warm and safe place to explore yourself and to create change.
01423 226965 View 01423 226965
Photo of Rosy Tebbutt - Rosy Taylor, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Rosy Taylor
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ripon HG4
Are your thoughts, feelings or behaviour making you anxious, depressed or limiting what you can do? Are your relationships with others or food causing you difficulty? Do you want to understand why things that happened in your childhood are still influencing you now? Having the opportunity to 'tell your story' to an interested listener is a therapeutic experience. Whatever challenge you are currently facing making the time and space for yourself to engage in therpay is an act of self kindness.
Are your thoughts, feelings or behaviour making you anxious, depressed or limiting what you can do? Are your relationships with others or food causing you difficulty? Do you want to understand why things that happened in your childhood are still influencing you now? Having the opportunity to 'tell your story' to an interested listener is a therapeutic experience. Whatever challenge you are currently facing making the time and space for yourself to engage in therpay is an act of self kindness.
01347 668119 View 01347 668119
Photo of Sarah Williamson, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Sarah Williamson
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Ripon HG4
I work with adults of all ages looking for short or long term therapy. I will work to build a safe relationship with you, so that together we can explore your history, current relationships and any difficulties you may be experiencing. I believe that our relationships with ourselves, others and the world around us are very important to good health. We learn to be in relationship through our earliest relational experiences and these patterns often continue to play out in the here and now without us being aware of them. With awareness, comes more choice about how you want to live.
I work with adults of all ages looking for short or long term therapy. I will work to build a safe relationship with you, so that together we can explore your history, current relationships and any difficulties you may be experiencing. I believe that our relationships with ourselves, others and the world around us are very important to good health. We learn to be in relationship through our earliest relational experiences and these patterns often continue to play out in the here and now without us being aware of them. With awareness, comes more choice about how you want to live.
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More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Mandy Dadswell, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Mandy Dadswell
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Killinghall HG3
As a child, adolescent & adult Psychotherapist I offer a range of services to help individuals at different stages of life. My practice is dedicated to helping clients navigate their unique challenges & achieve emotional well-being. For children, I provide a safe & nurturing environment to explore feelings & behaviours addressing issues such as behavioural problems, social skills, trauma. With adolescents, I focus on identity development, self-esteem, managing academic & social pressures to help build resilience & navigate life's complexities. For adults I offer support in a variety of ways to combat various life stressors.
As a child, adolescent & adult Psychotherapist I offer a range of services to help individuals at different stages of life. My practice is dedicated to helping clients navigate their unique challenges & achieve emotional well-being. For children, I provide a safe & nurturing environment to explore feelings & behaviours addressing issues such as behavioural problems, social skills, trauma. With adolescents, I focus on identity development, self-esteem, managing academic & social pressures to help build resilience & navigate life's complexities. For adults I offer support in a variety of ways to combat various life stressors.
01423 449130 View 01423 449130
Photo of Nina Louise Preston - Systemisk Psychology , MSc, CPsychol, Psychologist
Systemisk Psychology
Psychologist, MSc, CPsychol
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pateley Bridge HG3
Nina & Aiveen are Clinical Directors of Sytemisk Psychology. Our team is made up of experienced, HCPC registered Psychologists. We are skilled at identifying clients needs and tailor making evidence-based therapy, designed to have maximum impact. Choosing a therapist can feel more complex than it needs to be. We have extensive clinical training that enables us to work with you to design the approach that is right for you, and achieves the desired outcomes you want. Good quality therapy should be effective and value for money. Let us support you to make holistic, wellbeing gains that have the potential for life long impact.
Nina & Aiveen are Clinical Directors of Sytemisk Psychology. Our team is made up of experienced, HCPC registered Psychologists. We are skilled at identifying clients needs and tailor making evidence-based therapy, designed to have maximum impact. Choosing a therapist can feel more complex than it needs to be. We have extensive clinical training that enables us to work with you to design the approach that is right for you, and achieves the desired outcomes you want. Good quality therapy should be effective and value for money. Let us support you to make holistic, wellbeing gains that have the potential for life long impact.
01423 648790 View 01423 648790
Photo of Dr Katrina Lake Consultant Clinical Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Katrina Lake Consultant Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Clapham Green HG3  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
When you need it, it’s important to be able to access the right help as soon as possible. You may have concerns about your mental health or emotional wellbeing, would like to address past traumas or have noticed unhelpful patterns in your relationships. I offer brief and longer term therapy and have specialist training and extensive experience practicing a range of therapies including EMDR, CBT and IFS. We would use the best approach, or combination of approaches for you, creating a bespoke therapy tailored to your needs, meeting at a time that works for you, either weekly or on alternate weeks.
When you need it, it’s important to be able to access the right help as soon as possible. You may have concerns about your mental health or emotional wellbeing, would like to address past traumas or have noticed unhelpful patterns in your relationships. I offer brief and longer term therapy and have specialist training and extensive experience practicing a range of therapies including EMDR, CBT and IFS. We would use the best approach, or combination of approaches for you, creating a bespoke therapy tailored to your needs, meeting at a time that works for you, either weekly or on alternate weeks.
01273 092800 View 01273 092800

Online Therapists

Photo of Abbie Bond, BACP, Counsellor
Abbie Bond
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L14  (Online Only)
As a qualified person-centred counsellor and psychotherapist, I specialise in helping individuals navigate through anxiety and depression. Through collaborative conversations, I work with clients to understand their struggles and explore effective ways to manage and overcome them. I acknowledge that anxiety and depression frequently accompany other concerns, such as stress, trauma, ADHD or Autism. My experience involves working with individuals dealing not only with anxiety and depression but also the added complexities that can arise from these challenges.
As a qualified person-centred counsellor and psychotherapist, I specialise in helping individuals navigate through anxiety and depression. Through collaborative conversations, I work with clients to understand their struggles and explore effective ways to manage and overcome them. I acknowledge that anxiety and depression frequently accompany other concerns, such as stress, trauma, ADHD or Autism. My experience involves working with individuals dealing not only with anxiety and depression but also the added complexities that can arise from these challenges.
0151 453 1717 View 0151 453 1717
Photo of Kevin Coogan, MBACP, Counsellor
Kevin Coogan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M20
I’ve worked with people with dementia, learning disabilities or autism for over 30 years.
The pandemic and lockdown saw a dramatic increase in social isolation and loneliness, but it also saw an increase in people reaching out for help from counselling and psychotherapy. As a joint-qualified counsellor and social worker, I have seen this change first-hand. It’s okay to recognise that you are feeling overwhelmed and need help; it’s okay to realise that you are stuck in a pattern of behaviour that you know is doing you no good; it’s okay to recognise that there’s something in your life that you want to change. As a Person-Centred therapist, my job is to work with you to create a space from which change is possible.
I’ve worked with people with dementia, learning disabilities or autism for over 30 years.
The pandemic and lockdown saw a dramatic increase in social isolation and loneliness, but it also saw an increase in people reaching out for help from counselling and psychotherapy. As a joint-qualified counsellor and social worker, I have seen this change first-hand. It’s okay to recognise that you are feeling overwhelmed and need help; it’s okay to realise that you are stuck in a pattern of behaviour that you know is doing you no good; it’s okay to recognise that there’s something in your life that you want to change. As a Person-Centred therapist, my job is to work with you to create a space from which change is possible.
0161 524 0011 View 0161 524 0011
Photo of Alison Edwards - Alison Edwards Therapy, Coaching and Supervision, MSc, FMBPsS, Psychologist
Alison Edwards Therapy, Coaching and Supervision
Psychologist, MSc, FMBPsS
Verified Verified
Manchester M60  (Online Only)
Choosing a therapist can be a stressful process, and it's difficult to decide which kind of therapy to try. Many people find it helpful to work with a therapist who has trained in more than one therapy, who can switch to a different therapy when needed, and who can tailor sessions according to your needs. You can have a phone consultation with me to discuss what you are looking for and ask questions. 16 years experience in supporting neurodivergent clients (with ADHD, autism, dyslexia, dyspraxia or other difficulties) led me to further training in autism, and specialised CBT and ACT for ADHD and emotional regulation problems.
Choosing a therapist can be a stressful process, and it's difficult to decide which kind of therapy to try. Many people find it helpful to work with a therapist who has trained in more than one therapy, who can switch to a different therapy when needed, and who can tailor sessions according to your needs. You can have a phone consultation with me to discuss what you are looking for and ask questions. 16 years experience in supporting neurodivergent clients (with ADHD, autism, dyslexia, dyspraxia or other difficulties) led me to further training in autism, and specialised CBT and ACT for ADHD and emotional regulation problems.
056 0364 5810 View 056 0364 5810
Photo of Rebecca Rowlinson, BACP, Counsellor
Rebecca Rowlinson
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Middlewich CW10
Hello.I am a friendly, open, nonjudgmental, empathetic ,understanding ,Person Centred Counsellor. I qualified from Derby University with a BS honours Degree. Having experience with Autism, Depression, Bereavement , Anxiety ,Long Term Illness, mental ill-health . Taking the first step is hard but arrange a meeting with me and asking questions will help you make an informed decision before committing to Counselling . I will provide a safe, calm space for you . . You can heal, resolve, accept and develop new understandings of your life . Finding yourself in the process.
Hello.I am a friendly, open, nonjudgmental, empathetic ,understanding ,Person Centred Counsellor. I qualified from Derby University with a BS honours Degree. Having experience with Autism, Depression, Bereavement , Anxiety ,Long Term Illness, mental ill-health . Taking the first step is hard but arrange a meeting with me and asking questions will help you make an informed decision before committing to Counselling . I will provide a safe, calm space for you . . You can heal, resolve, accept and develop new understandings of your life . Finding yourself in the process.
01643 802074 View 01643 802074
Photo of Lauren Comerford, MA, HCPC-Art Therap., Psychotherapist
Lauren Comerford
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified Verified
Liverpool L2
Waitlist for new clients
I am a HCPC registered Art Psychotherapist and Doctoral Researcher in Psychology. I hold a BSc in Psychology, MA in Art Psychotherapy and am completing a PhD in Psychology. My clinical experience includes child & adolescent mental health, adult mental health and autism. I am a trauma-informed therapist and have broad experience in working in community mental health, homeless services and schools. I have expertise in working with autistic people experiencing mental health issues and late diagnosed autistic adults.
I am a HCPC registered Art Psychotherapist and Doctoral Researcher in Psychology. I hold a BSc in Psychology, MA in Art Psychotherapy and am completing a PhD in Psychology. My clinical experience includes child & adolescent mental health, adult mental health and autism. I am a trauma-informed therapist and have broad experience in working in community mental health, homeless services and schools. I have expertise in working with autistic people experiencing mental health issues and late diagnosed autistic adults.
01767 669809 View 01767 669809
Photo of Victoria Campbell, BACP, Counsellor
Victoria Campbell
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Stockport SK1
I specialise in: ADHD, Autism, Relationships, Teenagers, Anger, Anxiety, Depression, LGBTQ+, Bereavement and Loss.
No matter what you bring to therapy, I will treat you with warmth and respect. Free consultation available. I have a comfortable room in Stockport Centre. I have many years experience, i'm naturally confident in creating a relaxed welcoming environment, where you, can freely express your thoughts, and feelings and truly be heard. I aim to bring into focus the tools, strategies and techniques you already have that empower growth and forward movement in life. I will assist in finding new perspectives, where appropriate, that help to bring self-awareness, strength, self-belief and enable positive personal growth and change.
I specialise in: ADHD, Autism, Relationships, Teenagers, Anger, Anxiety, Depression, LGBTQ+, Bereavement and Loss.
No matter what you bring to therapy, I will treat you with warmth and respect. Free consultation available. I have a comfortable room in Stockport Centre. I have many years experience, i'm naturally confident in creating a relaxed welcoming environment, where you, can freely express your thoughts, and feelings and truly be heard. I aim to bring into focus the tools, strategies and techniques you already have that empower growth and forward movement in life. I will assist in finding new perspectives, where appropriate, that help to bring self-awareness, strength, self-belief and enable positive personal growth and change.
0161 524 0608 View 0161 524 0608
Photo of Shan Merchant (Couples Therapist), MA, MUKCP, Counsellor
Shan Merchant (Couples Therapist)
Counsellor, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Ilkley LS29
I have a special interest in working with couples where one or both partners is on the autism spectrum.
Do you feel despair or a growing distance in your relationship no matter what you do? Are you struggling to communicate with your partner? My clients often tell me they miss warmth & affection and wish they could turn back the clock to happier times. Perhaps your partner had an affair and you're both scared and don't know what to do now. Either way, one thing's for sure: you’re desperate for some relief. It might be hard to imagine your relationship could be full of fun and laughter again but this has happened with my clients. Together we can move you from anxiety and stuckness to feeling happy again.
I have a special interest in working with couples where one or both partners is on the autism spectrum.
Do you feel despair or a growing distance in your relationship no matter what you do? Are you struggling to communicate with your partner? My clients often tell me they miss warmth & affection and wish they could turn back the clock to happier times. Perhaps your partner had an affair and you're both scared and don't know what to do now. Either way, one thing's for sure: you’re desperate for some relief. It might be hard to imagine your relationship could be full of fun and laughter again but this has happened with my clients. Together we can move you from anxiety and stuckness to feeling happy again.
01274 019974 View 01274 019974
Photo of Joanne Wright, MSc, HCPC - Forensic Psych., Psychologist
Joanne Wright
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Forensic Psych.
Verified Verified
Stafford ST20
Hello. Do you feel stuck, confused or overwhelmed? Are you being held back by anxiety, depression or a lack of self worth? Do you know what you want to achieve, but need someone to motivate, guide and reassure you? Perhaps you are worried about the well-being of family members, colleagues or friends? As well as working with anxiety, depression, trauma or stress, I also specialise in working with individuals and families affected by Autism. I can diagnose autism and help schools to provide the best support to students. As well as providing individual therapy, I can devise and deliver training relating to mental health and resilience.
Hello. Do you feel stuck, confused or overwhelmed? Are you being held back by anxiety, depression or a lack of self worth? Do you know what you want to achieve, but need someone to motivate, guide and reassure you? Perhaps you are worried about the well-being of family members, colleagues or friends? As well as working with anxiety, depression, trauma or stress, I also specialise in working with individuals and families affected by Autism. I can diagnose autism and help schools to provide the best support to students. As well as providing individual therapy, I can devise and deliver training relating to mental health and resilience.
01785 335997 View 01785 335997
Photo of Tracy Ann Richardson, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Tracy Ann Richardson
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Market Weighton YO43
I can offer autism diagnostic assessments and/or psychological therapy personalised to your own needs and strengths.
My name is Dr Tracy Ann Richardson and I run Wolds Psychology Ltd. I have worked as a Clinical Psychologist providing psychological therapy for over ten years. I have particular expertise in working with psychological trauma and am an accredited EMDR practitioner. Sometimes we don’t know what is causing us to feel distressed and I can help explore with you what is going on for you and work with you to find a way through this. I also have extensive experience in working with difficulties such as depression, anxiety, anger, relational difficulties, emotional regulation or interpersonal difficulties.
I can offer autism diagnostic assessments and/or psychological therapy personalised to your own needs and strengths.
My name is Dr Tracy Ann Richardson and I run Wolds Psychology Ltd. I have worked as a Clinical Psychologist providing psychological therapy for over ten years. I have particular expertise in working with psychological trauma and am an accredited EMDR practitioner. Sometimes we don’t know what is causing us to feel distressed and I can help explore with you what is going on for you and work with you to find a way through this. I also have extensive experience in working with difficulties such as depression, anxiety, anger, relational difficulties, emotional regulation or interpersonal difficulties.
01759 487786 View 01759 487786
Photo of Rhys Hawkins - Verdant Psychotherapy, MSc, UKCP Trainee, Counsellor
Verdant Psychotherapy
Counsellor, MSc, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG1  (Online Only)
I have extensive experience working with autism, trauma, anxiety and low mood, loss and bereavement.
Whatever is going on for you, I love to work with you where you're at. This means that you may be feeling low, anxious, stressed, or be working through a loss or a recent life event. You might also be curious about the process of therapy, and simply want to learn more about yourself and your feelings. I'm excited to learn more about you, and develop some psychological tools to experiment with together.
I have extensive experience working with autism, trauma, anxiety and low mood, loss and bereavement.
Whatever is going on for you, I love to work with you where you're at. This means that you may be feeling low, anxious, stressed, or be working through a loss or a recent life event. You might also be curious about the process of therapy, and simply want to learn more about yourself and your feelings. I'm excited to learn more about you, and develop some psychological tools to experiment with together.
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Photo of Oksana Roberts - Neurodiversity Affirming Psychotherapist , MSc, Psychotherapist
Neurodiversity Affirming Psychotherapist
Psychotherapist, MSc
Verified Verified
Manchester M16
As a trauma informed therapist, I acknowledge that the deficit/disorder narrative and the medicalised model of Autism and ADHD can be traumatising.
I am proudly a combination of Autistic and ADHD. AuDHD has a nice ring to it. I draw on 14 years of experience in private practice as well as lived experience of being neurodivergent. I specialise in working with sensitive souls, Autism, ADHD. I work with clients who fall into what used to be the Asperger category of Autism. Although these people are considered to be high functioning, I am careful using this term. It can cover up the deep seated struggles under the facade of “doing well”.
As a trauma informed therapist, I acknowledge that the deficit/disorder narrative and the medicalised model of Autism and ADHD can be traumatising.
I am proudly a combination of Autistic and ADHD. AuDHD has a nice ring to it. I draw on 14 years of experience in private practice as well as lived experience of being neurodivergent. I specialise in working with sensitive souls, Autism, ADHD. I work with clients who fall into what used to be the Asperger category of Autism. Although these people are considered to be high functioning, I am careful using this term. It can cover up the deep seated struggles under the facade of “doing well”.
0161 524 0476 View 0161 524 0476

See more therapy options for Ripon

Autism Counsellors

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.