Depression Counselling in Retford

Photo of Sammy Rupiya - SR Inspiration CBT Practitioner, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
SR Inspiration CBT Practitioner
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
This therapist prefers to be identified as CBT Practitioner. I aim to work emphatically and collaboratively engage the client. If you are experiencing the following : Addiction, Anger Management, Anxiety, Abuse , Bereavement, Depression, Marriage or Relationship breakdown, PTSD, Self-Esteem, Stress , and Eating disorders call this practitioner for help. Don't leave it too late. My therapeutic approach using CBT model provides a short-term, goal focused and highly structured approach to therapeutic Assessment, Stabilisation, Planning, Intervention, Resilience and Evaluation. Call now for help. Do not leave it too late.
This therapist prefers to be identified as CBT Practitioner. I aim to work emphatically and collaboratively engage the client. If you are experiencing the following : Addiction, Anger Management, Anxiety, Abuse , Bereavement, Depression, Marriage or Relationship breakdown, PTSD, Self-Esteem, Stress , and Eating disorders call this practitioner for help. Don't leave it too late. My therapeutic approach using CBT model provides a short-term, goal focused and highly structured approach to therapeutic Assessment, Stabilisation, Planning, Intervention, Resilience and Evaluation. Call now for help. Do not leave it too late.
0116 478 2890 View 0116 478 2890
Photo of Clare Victoria Briggs - clarescounselling, PNCPS Acc., Counsellor
clarescounselling
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
I offer to listen and support you in order to help you with your difficulties in a relationship, in depression, in anger and the menopause.
In my practice I am experienced in helping people age 18 -75 with difficulties in trust, anger, anxiety, emotional overwhelm, chronic people pleasing, low self esteem and relationships. Whether you’re in a relationship or not, being overwhelmed with emotional difficulties can make you feel isolated and struggle to cope in everyday life. We can work together and try to find the best outcome for you with ways to improve your overall well being. I will help you to go from, shame and criticism to kindness and self compassion.
I offer to listen and support you in order to help you with your difficulties in a relationship, in depression, in anger and the menopause.
In my practice I am experienced in helping people age 18 -75 with difficulties in trust, anger, anxiety, emotional overwhelm, chronic people pleasing, low self esteem and relationships. Whether you’re in a relationship or not, being overwhelmed with emotional difficulties can make you feel isolated and struggle to cope in everyday life. We can work together and try to find the best outcome for you with ways to improve your overall well being. I will help you to go from, shame and criticism to kindness and self compassion.
0115 647 0047 View 0115 647 0047
Photo of Lindsay Cora Manfredi - Lindsay Manfredi Counselling & Psychotherapy, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Lindsay Manfredi Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Hello & Welcome. I often meet people when they are at a point in their lives where life is feeling a struggle and uncomfortable. Feeling overwhelmed, out of control and unsure how to deal with the uneasy feelings that are being carrying around. Anxiety, depression, low mood, lack of motivation, panic, family breakdowns, relationship issues or endings, betrayal and loss are some of the issues that can evoke these experiences. I provide a warm, down to earth caring environment for you to have space to speak, be seen and heard, without the fear of judgement. You may be looking to gain some understanding of what is happening for you.
Hello & Welcome. I often meet people when they are at a point in their lives where life is feeling a struggle and uncomfortable. Feeling overwhelmed, out of control and unsure how to deal with the uneasy feelings that are being carrying around. Anxiety, depression, low mood, lack of motivation, panic, family breakdowns, relationship issues or endings, betrayal and loss are some of the issues that can evoke these experiences. I provide a warm, down to earth caring environment for you to have space to speak, be seen and heard, without the fear of judgement. You may be looking to gain some understanding of what is happening for you.
01909 492342 View 01909 492342
Photo of Joanne Kay, MBACP, Counsellor
Joanne Kay
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22  (Online Only)
Online Only Therapist. Specialism: Depression/Anxiety. Commonly other issues are intertwined such as trauma, attachment issues and low self-esteem. Clients that begin to work with me often do so because they find that their feelings, thoughts or other symptoms have begun to affect areas of functioning in life; they find that coping mechanisms that have been helpful in the past are beginning to work less effectively.
Online Only Therapist. Specialism: Depression/Anxiety. Commonly other issues are intertwined such as trauma, attachment issues and low self-esteem. Clients that begin to work with me often do so because they find that their feelings, thoughts or other symptoms have begun to affect areas of functioning in life; they find that coping mechanisms that have been helpful in the past are beginning to work less effectively.
01777 802508 View 01777 802508
Photo of Joanne Wilson-leake - JWL Counselling Service , DCounsPsych, MBACP, Counsellor
JWL Counselling Service
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Feelings of loss and isolation have led to low mood and depression for many, not to mention the impact that this has had on our relationships and ability to cope.
ANXIETY SPECIALIST: Knowing how frightening and scary suffering with Anxiety can be. I specialise in helping you to understand the root cause of you’re issues, giving you the necessary tools to reduce the frequency and intensity of overwhelming feelings. Empowering you to take back control of your life and learn how to manage your anxiety affectively. Working at your pace to discover what will help. I tailor my approach to meet your needs. Developing an understanding of what is happening for you in a safe, supportive space, where you can begin to heal.
Feelings of loss and isolation have led to low mood and depression for many, not to mention the impact that this has had on our relationships and ability to cope.
ANXIETY SPECIALIST: Knowing how frightening and scary suffering with Anxiety can be. I specialise in helping you to understand the root cause of you’re issues, giving you the necessary tools to reduce the frequency and intensity of overwhelming feelings. Empowering you to take back control of your life and learn how to manage your anxiety affectively. Working at your pace to discover what will help. I tailor my approach to meet your needs. Developing an understanding of what is happening for you in a safe, supportive space, where you can begin to heal.
01777 802556 View 01777 802556
Photo of Joanne Brown, PNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Joanne Brown
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
I am an empathic and caring Accredited Counsellor working in a holistic and individual way, with you as the client at the centre of our work. Are you suffering with anxiety and depression having relationship issues, problems at work, illness, loss or bereavement or coming terms with difficult current and past life events. Are you completely overwhelmed or struggling with feelings of failure, despair, hopelessness and low self esteem and just don't know who to turn to or maybe you have resorted to addictive or harmful behaviours to cope. Come with me on your therapy journey and let me help you find a better way of being.
I am an empathic and caring Accredited Counsellor working in a holistic and individual way, with you as the client at the centre of our work. Are you suffering with anxiety and depression having relationship issues, problems at work, illness, loss or bereavement or coming terms with difficult current and past life events. Are you completely overwhelmed or struggling with feelings of failure, despair, hopelessness and low self esteem and just don't know who to turn to or maybe you have resorted to addictive or harmful behaviours to cope. Come with me on your therapy journey and let me help you find a better way of being.
01777 809425 View 01777 809425
Photo of Alex Bennett, MBACP, Counsellor
Alex Bennett
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
My experience includes but is not limited to working with; anxiety, depression, bullying, self-esteem, low confidence, childhood trauma, parenting issues, family and relationship problems, identity issues, divorce and breakups, abuse of all kinds, grief, loss and bereavement.
No matter who you are or where you come from I am accepting of ALL people and will listen to you in a caring and non-judgmental way. This is a place for you to feel heard, validated and understood. Whatever is troubling you, we will work through together and at a pace that suits you. I will always draw from my specialist training and experience to help you work through whatever comes up in our sessions whilst accepting you as a unique individual with your own needs. I offer sessions online and in person from my warm and private counselling space based in Cusworth, Doncaster.
My experience includes but is not limited to working with; anxiety, depression, bullying, self-esteem, low confidence, childhood trauma, parenting issues, family and relationship problems, identity issues, divorce and breakups, abuse of all kinds, grief, loss and bereavement.
No matter who you are or where you come from I am accepting of ALL people and will listen to you in a caring and non-judgmental way. This is a place for you to feel heard, validated and understood. Whatever is troubling you, we will work through together and at a pace that suits you. I will always draw from my specialist training and experience to help you work through whatever comes up in our sessions whilst accepting you as a unique individual with your own needs. I offer sessions online and in person from my warm and private counselling space based in Cusworth, Doncaster.
024 7542 4568 View 024 7542 4568
Photo of Sarah-Louise Howarth - Sarah-Louise Psychotherapy , MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Sarah-Louise Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
I am dedicated to supporting my clients and giving you the tools you need in life. I work with the whole person, our minds are just as important as our bodies and we need to work on emotional and mental resilience to allow us to bounce back when life happens. Now you are ready to make changes, I am here to support you along that journey, giving you a toolkit that you will be able to use throughout life. I work in an empathic and sensitive manner, helping to support with problems that you may never have felt able to talk out loud about before.
I am dedicated to supporting my clients and giving you the tools you need in life. I work with the whole person, our minds are just as important as our bodies and we need to work on emotional and mental resilience to allow us to bounce back when life happens. Now you are ready to make changes, I am here to support you along that journey, giving you a toolkit that you will be able to use throughout life. I work in an empathic and sensitive manner, helping to support with problems that you may never have felt able to talk out loud about before.
01427 800750 View 01427 800750
Photo of Donna Broadhead, MBACP, Counsellor
Donna Broadhead
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Life has many challenges which can feel overwhelming. Ordinary life events such as a break-up or extraordinary life events such as traumatic incidents can have a huge impact on how we see ourselves, others, and the world. You might feel like your thoughts are a tangled mess or that you're stuck in a spiral which is pointed in the wrong direction. Maybe believing that you don't have the power to take control of your own life has left you feeling hopeless. At times like this, we are our own worst critic and can be very hard on ourselves.
Life has many challenges which can feel overwhelming. Ordinary life events such as a break-up or extraordinary life events such as traumatic incidents can have a huge impact on how we see ourselves, others, and the world. You might feel like your thoughts are a tangled mess or that you're stuck in a spiral which is pointed in the wrong direction. Maybe believing that you don't have the power to take control of your own life has left you feeling hopeless. At times like this, we are our own worst critic and can be very hard on ourselves.
01777 807610 View 01777 807610
Photo of Siobhan McHale - Serene Self Psychology Ltd, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Serene Self Psychology Ltd
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
My philosophy as a human and counseling psychologist is based on my belief that every human being is unique and that we have an innate capability to heal from distressing life experiences. I love working with people using a compassion-focused approach to help them move towards a more compassionate relationship with themselves. I feel truly privileged to be part of a process where someone can use the scaffold of our work to achieve a balance in their life and relationships that brings them joy. Compassion isn’t always easy, it’s certainly not soft but it might just be the most powerful and loving thing that you can do for yourself.
My philosophy as a human and counseling psychologist is based on my belief that every human being is unique and that we have an innate capability to heal from distressing life experiences. I love working with people using a compassion-focused approach to help them move towards a more compassionate relationship with themselves. I feel truly privileged to be part of a process where someone can use the scaffold of our work to achieve a balance in their life and relationships that brings them joy. Compassion isn’t always easy, it’s certainly not soft but it might just be the most powerful and loving thing that you can do for yourself.
01400 225989 View 01400 225989
Photo of Matthew James Watson, MBACP, Counsellor
Matthew James Watson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Do you need some space and time to collect your thoughts, find some perspective? Are you wrestling with something which seems difficult to understand and accept? Do you need someone to hear and understand you? Someone to help you to make sense of things and give you the confidence to move through it and beyond?
Do you need some space and time to collect your thoughts, find some perspective? Are you wrestling with something which seems difficult to understand and accept? Do you need someone to hear and understand you? Someone to help you to make sense of things and give you the confidence to move through it and beyond?
01302 490934 View 01302 490934
Photo of Karen Lawson, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Karen Lawson
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Please note that I currently work online, via Zoom and telephone. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that helps people work out their unhelpful thought and behaviour patterns and to learn techniques to modify these. We will work together to understand what the problem is, how it has developed and what is keeping it stuck in order to work out what can be done to change things. Please feel free to call me and we can have a brief chat about what is bothering you to work out if CBT is the right therapy for you, and if I’m the right therapist. I am also able to offer 'walk and talk' walking therapy if appropriate.
Please note that I currently work online, via Zoom and telephone. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that helps people work out their unhelpful thought and behaviour patterns and to learn techniques to modify these. We will work together to understand what the problem is, how it has developed and what is keeping it stuck in order to work out what can be done to change things. Please feel free to call me and we can have a brief chat about what is bothering you to work out if CBT is the right therapy for you, and if I’m the right therapist. I am also able to offer 'walk and talk' walking therapy if appropriate.
01909 499046 View 01909 499046
Photo of Gareth Young, MBACP, Counsellor
Gareth Young
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
A warm welcome to Rainbow Hearts Counselling my name is Gareth and I’m based in Doncaster. I offer a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore your thoughts, feelings and experiences. I will walk by your side as you lead the way on your journey to find your rainbow again, no matter how big the storm may have been. Our lifestyles can be so busy and overwhelming, leaving us feeling drained, counselling offers you a break from this. You deserve to be heard, understood and accepted for who you are regardless of what you may have been through in life.
A warm welcome to Rainbow Hearts Counselling my name is Gareth and I’m based in Doncaster. I offer a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore your thoughts, feelings and experiences. I will walk by your side as you lead the way on your journey to find your rainbow again, no matter how big the storm may have been. Our lifestyles can be so busy and overwhelming, leaving us feeling drained, counselling offers you a break from this. You deserve to be heard, understood and accepted for who you are regardless of what you may have been through in life.
01302 490585 View 01302 490585
Photo of Ainsley Procter, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Ainsley Procter
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Are you navigating a difficult time right now? Are you struggling to cope with emotions and life decisions? Are you looking to work through things to bring about a positive change in a relationship or feeling low or anxious? Starting therapy could be the answer to begin to untangle your thoughts and get to where you would like to be.
Are you navigating a difficult time right now? Are you struggling to cope with emotions and life decisions? Are you looking to work through things to bring about a positive change in a relationship or feeling low or anxious? Starting therapy could be the answer to begin to untangle your thoughts and get to where you would like to be.
01909 492588 View 01909 492588
Photo of Karen Burch - Accred Emdr Practitioner, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Karen Burch - Accred Emdr Practitioner
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
Im an Accredited Psychotherapist specialising in trauma. I have experience privately, charity sector, and NHS. I work integratively, drawing on Somatic Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, EMDR, ACT, EFT, CBT, Humanistic approaches, helping individuals who have been exposed to traumatic events. I implement Mindfulness approaches. Offering highly effective treatments designed to ease distress, and implement lasting changes. Seeking support is a major life step. I commit to providing safe, professional treatment plans to sensitively support and empower you, deepen your self-understanding and create positive changes for a life you truly value
Im an Accredited Psychotherapist specialising in trauma. I have experience privately, charity sector, and NHS. I work integratively, drawing on Somatic Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, EMDR, ACT, EFT, CBT, Humanistic approaches, helping individuals who have been exposed to traumatic events. I implement Mindfulness approaches. Offering highly effective treatments designed to ease distress, and implement lasting changes. Seeking support is a major life step. I commit to providing safe, professional treatment plans to sensitively support and empower you, deepen your self-understanding and create positive changes for a life you truly value
0114 553 1202 View 0114 553 1202
Photo of Freya Lucy Elizabeth Cowin - Private ReFLECtion Therapy Ltd , FMBPsS, Psychologist
Private ReFLECtion Therapy Ltd
Psychologist, FMBPsS
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
My ideal client is one that has a specific goal in mind that we can collaboratively work on. Your goal could be anything from stress management, emotional resilience building, behavioural change, to phobias and habit reversal. You would be open to learning new coping skills to help obtain your target. It's likely you have been let down by therapeutic services before and are looking for a way to be your own therapist through a short term transformation, rather than spending 1000s of hours in session indefinitely. On average, my clients feel results in as little as 3, 1 to 1.5 hour sessions. https:/www.Privatereflectiontherapy.co.uk
My ideal client is one that has a specific goal in mind that we can collaboratively work on. Your goal could be anything from stress management, emotional resilience building, behavioural change, to phobias and habit reversal. You would be open to learning new coping skills to help obtain your target. It's likely you have been let down by therapeutic services before and are looking for a way to be your own therapist through a short term transformation, rather than spending 1000s of hours in session indefinitely. On average, my clients feel results in as little as 3, 1 to 1.5 hour sessions. https:/www.Privatereflectiontherapy.co.uk
01777 809408 View 01777 809408
Oak Tree Psychological Services
Psychologist, MSc, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Retford DN22
My name is Sarah and here at Oak Tree, therapy is always tailored to your individual needs and I will provide a safe and comfortable space for you to gain a better understanding of yourself and help you make the changes you deserve. Psychological Therapy can provide a lifeline to those who are struggling. Most people know that they aren't doing well but don't always know why, or what might be causing or maintaining it. If you are struggling and not sure what to do, please do get in touch and we can talk it through. I work with individuals but I also enjoy working with couples to better understand relationship difficulties.
My name is Sarah and here at Oak Tree, therapy is always tailored to your individual needs and I will provide a safe and comfortable space for you to gain a better understanding of yourself and help you make the changes you deserve. Psychological Therapy can provide a lifeline to those who are struggling. Most people know that they aren't doing well but don't always know why, or what might be causing or maintaining it. If you are struggling and not sure what to do, please do get in touch and we can talk it through. I work with individuals but I also enjoy working with couples to better understand relationship difficulties.
01777 807650 View 01777 807650
Photo of Lauren Robinson, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Lauren Robinson
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Retford DN22  (Online Only)
Are you tired of repeating the same harmful cycles? Of feeling overwhelmed with difficult emotions? Of being anchored in past traumas? Of surviving and not living? I am here to tell you that it is possible to overcome life's adversities and become the very best version of yourself. Overwhelming emotions and unresolved past experiences do not have to anchor you in the past. You are worthy and capable of working through whatever difficulties you have faced (or are facing). Therapy can provide you with a space to be heard, validated and help you make sense of your experiences; all whilst working towards embracing your authentic self.
Are you tired of repeating the same harmful cycles? Of feeling overwhelmed with difficult emotions? Of being anchored in past traumas? Of surviving and not living? I am here to tell you that it is possible to overcome life's adversities and become the very best version of yourself. Overwhelming emotions and unresolved past experiences do not have to anchor you in the past. You are worthy and capable of working through whatever difficulties you have faced (or are facing). Therapy can provide you with a space to be heard, validated and help you make sense of your experiences; all whilst working towards embracing your authentic self.
01777 801296 View 01777 801296

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Nicola Booth, MBACP, Counsellor
Nicola Booth
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worksop S80
I have experience of working with a range of issues including: Abuse (sexual, emotional and physical), Anger, Anxiety, Child Related Issues, Depression, Low Self Confidence and Esteem, Panic Attacks, Phobias, Relationship Issues, Self Harm, Stress, Work Related Issues.
Do you feel that something is not right in your life but don't fully understand it, and have no one to talk to about it? Are you feeling overwhelmed? I help adults make positive changes in their lives through counselling. I use a person centred and integrative approach which means that I draw on a number of different theories and practices to tailor something that best fits you. In a non-judgemental way I will help you explore your thoughts, feelings and issues eventually moving to a point where together we can identify ways to help you move forward.
I have experience of working with a range of issues including: Abuse (sexual, emotional and physical), Anger, Anxiety, Child Related Issues, Depression, Low Self Confidence and Esteem, Panic Attacks, Phobias, Relationship Issues, Self Harm, Stress, Work Related Issues.
Do you feel that something is not right in your life but don't fully understand it, and have no one to talk to about it? Are you feeling overwhelmed? I help adults make positive changes in their lives through counselling. I use a person centred and integrative approach which means that I draw on a number of different theories and practices to tailor something that best fits you. In a non-judgemental way I will help you explore your thoughts, feelings and issues eventually moving to a point where together we can identify ways to help you move forward.
01302 986941 View 01302 986941
Photo of Sarah Toft - Dr Sarah Toft Flourish Psychological Services Ltd, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Sarah Toft Flourish Psychological Services Ltd
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Gainsborough DN21
Having worked for 20 years in the NHS and in recent years within my private practice, I have a wealth of experience working with adults to improve their Psychological well-being, addressing a range of areas, including; anxiety, insomnia, panic, depression, self esteem, relationship concerns, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), etc. If you wish to make changes in your life, to feel calmer, more confident and less down, then therapy could help you with this.
Having worked for 20 years in the NHS and in recent years within my private practice, I have a wealth of experience working with adults to improve their Psychological well-being, addressing a range of areas, including; anxiety, insomnia, panic, depression, self esteem, relationship concerns, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), etc. If you wish to make changes in your life, to feel calmer, more confident and less down, then therapy could help you with this.
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Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.