Counselling in Plymouth

Photo of Dr Lynsey Williams, PhD
Dr Lynsey Williams
PhD
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL4
I will reply to requests for help quickly and will get back to you promptly. I am a trained Humanistic therapist, this means I am led by my client’s needs, and work to understand the unique experience of each individual that has led them to seek help. All the clients I see want to resolve difficulties they are experiencing and achieve improvements to their emotional wellbeing and the relationship they have with themself and others. The skills and approaches developed over the course of my career enable me to adapt to your specific needs.
I will reply to requests for help quickly and will get back to you promptly. I am a trained Humanistic therapist, this means I am led by my client’s needs, and work to understand the unique experience of each individual that has led them to seek help. All the clients I see want to resolve difficulties they are experiencing and achieve improvements to their emotional wellbeing and the relationship they have with themself and others. The skills and approaches developed over the course of my career enable me to adapt to your specific needs.
01752 982805 View 01752 982805
Photo of undefined - Find a Voice Counselling & Psychotherapy BA(Hons), MBACP, Counsellor
Find a Voice Counselling & Psychotherapy BA(Hons)
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL4
ONLINE TELEPHONE FACE2FACE Welcome to “Find a voice…” I am a qualified BACP registered Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I offer Humanistic, psychodynamic, creative and cognitive behavioural therapy. We are all diverse human beings and completely individual in our needs and our preferences therefor each session is led by the individual needs of my clients. Talking about our feelings and emotions can be hard and taking the first steps in to therapy is possibly the hardest part of the journey. I offer a free initial 30 min session to see how you feel and how you would like to move forward. Sliding scale concessions.
ONLINE TELEPHONE FACE2FACE Welcome to “Find a voice…” I am a qualified BACP registered Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I offer Humanistic, psychodynamic, creative and cognitive behavioural therapy. We are all diverse human beings and completely individual in our needs and our preferences therefor each session is led by the individual needs of my clients. Talking about our feelings and emotions can be hard and taking the first steps in to therapy is possibly the hardest part of the journey. I offer a free initial 30 min session to see how you feel and how you would like to move forward. Sliding scale concessions.
07723 447162 View 07723 447162
Photo of undefined - Kim Smith Counselling, ACC Reg, Counsellor
Kim Smith Counselling
Counsellor, ACC Reg
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL2  (Online Only)
I won't go down the "life struggles" and "finding a better you" route, because if you're looking for a counsellor you know that life is a struggle and you're looking for help. I offer a free initial consultation so that you can decide, without pressure, if you feel you would like to work with me as you get to grips with what has brought you to seek help. I work via zoom or telephone, which means that geographical location, parking and accessibility is less of an issue. I would just like to encourage you because admitting you need help is the hardest part. I am able to offer a limited number of concessionary and evening spaces
I won't go down the "life struggles" and "finding a better you" route, because if you're looking for a counsellor you know that life is a struggle and you're looking for help. I offer a free initial consultation so that you can decide, without pressure, if you feel you would like to work with me as you get to grips with what has brought you to seek help. I work via zoom or telephone, which means that geographical location, parking and accessibility is less of an issue. I would just like to encourage you because admitting you need help is the hardest part. I am able to offer a limited number of concessionary and evening spaces
01572 494647 View 01572 494647
Photo of Julie Jeffs, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Julie Jeffs
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL3
I’m friendly and easy to talk to. If we decide to work together, you’ll have all my training and experience available to support you. I will create a unique approach just for you. I offer sessions in a comfortable, modern private practice where you can relax, take a break from the pressures of your life, and focus on the important outcomes you want to achieve. I’ve worked as a therapist in private practice for over twenty years and based on this experience and my extensive professional training, I can offer you the opportunity to meet the challenges you are facing with confidence and in safety. I specialise in Eating disorders
I’m friendly and easy to talk to. If we decide to work together, you’ll have all my training and experience available to support you. I will create a unique approach just for you. I offer sessions in a comfortable, modern private practice where you can relax, take a break from the pressures of your life, and focus on the important outcomes you want to achieve. I’ve worked as a therapist in private practice for over twenty years and based on this experience and my extensive professional training, I can offer you the opportunity to meet the challenges you are facing with confidence and in safety. I specialise in Eating disorders
01752 982510 View 01752 982510
Photo of Natasha Broomfield, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap., Psychotherapist
Natasha Broomfield
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap.
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL3  (Online Only)
Hello, I’m Natasha, an HCPC registered Dramatherapist offering a confidential and creative space where together we can explore and think about the things in your life that you feel you need support with. My practice focuses on helping you make space to connect with the parts of yourself that need expression and tending to. Together we can explore these issues with the aim of enabling a process of self-discovery, healing and change to unfold.
Hello, I’m Natasha, an HCPC registered Dramatherapist offering a confidential and creative space where together we can explore and think about the things in your life that you feel you need support with. My practice focuses on helping you make space to connect with the parts of yourself that need expression and tending to. Together we can explore these issues with the aim of enabling a process of self-discovery, healing and change to unfold.
01572 491095 View 01572 491095
Photo of Paul Vivian, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Paul Vivian
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL4
Are you pre-occupied with thoughts and feelings of worry about what may be? Or you may be pulled back to past experiences that you can't change, but can't quite let go of. These often go hand in hand, and can lead to overwhelm and difficulty to be present and enjoy the here and now. It can really help to give this space, to mindfully consider your past and to calm the worry that is trying to protect you. Wherever you are in life's journey there is great benefit from taking time to notice your thoughts and feelings, to find choices and peace among that which you can't control.
Are you pre-occupied with thoughts and feelings of worry about what may be? Or you may be pulled back to past experiences that you can't change, but can't quite let go of. These often go hand in hand, and can lead to overwhelm and difficulty to be present and enjoy the here and now. It can really help to give this space, to mindfully consider your past and to calm the worry that is trying to protect you. Wherever you are in life's journey there is great benefit from taking time to notice your thoughts and feelings, to find choices and peace among that which you can't control.
01752 741210 View 01752 741210
Photo of undefined - Total Focus Therapy, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Total Focus Therapy
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL6
Are you finding things difficult to cope with at the moment? Sometimes it is difficult to find your way through this by yourself. My name is Karen and I offer Integrative Counselling and/or Spectrum Healing sessions to help you find the answers you need to find a way forward. I work with many difficulties such as anxiety, stress, bereavement, eating difficulties, loneliness, relationship problems, discrimination, loss of purpose and trauma. I can also help you to explore any situation you’re finding challenging or difficult in some way.
Are you finding things difficult to cope with at the moment? Sometimes it is difficult to find your way through this by yourself. My name is Karen and I offer Integrative Counselling and/or Spectrum Healing sessions to help you find the answers you need to find a way forward. I work with many difficulties such as anxiety, stress, bereavement, eating difficulties, loneliness, relationship problems, discrimination, loss of purpose and trauma. I can also help you to explore any situation you’re finding challenging or difficult in some way.
01572 494659 View 01572 494659
Photo of Heather Morfett, MBACP, Counsellor
Heather Morfett
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL9
I offer a space where you can explore past patterns in order to bring increased awareness and understanding to the present, opening up possibilities for change and personal growth. We often reach a point in our lives where our old ways of coping aren't working anymore, or our old patterns are getting in the way of us being our full selves. This can be experienced as a crisis point, when things come to a head, which can feel difficult and challenging but is a great time to come to therapy and explore what's happening so we can move forward with our lives.
I offer a space where you can explore past patterns in order to bring increased awareness and understanding to the present, opening up possibilities for change and personal growth. We often reach a point in our lives where our old ways of coping aren't working anymore, or our old patterns are getting in the way of us being our full selves. This can be experienced as a crisis point, when things come to a head, which can feel difficult and challenging but is a great time to come to therapy and explore what's happening so we can move forward with our lives.
01752 741354 View 01752 741354
Photo of Adele Selley, DCounsPsych, MBACP, Counsellor
Adele Selley
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL6
I am a fully qualified, experienced Counsellor who may be able to help you. My counselling aims to suit each person as an individual. Over the years I have found that my work as a Counsellor has become more of a passion rather than simply a profession. Previous clients have stated that they have found me to be a warm, caring Counsellor who is very approachable. I am a registered member of the BACP (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy) and work by their Code of Ethics which includes monthly supervision. Please take a look at my Website : http://newleafcounsellingplymouth.co.uk
I am a fully qualified, experienced Counsellor who may be able to help you. My counselling aims to suit each person as an individual. Over the years I have found that my work as a Counsellor has become more of a passion rather than simply a profession. Previous clients have stated that they have found me to be a warm, caring Counsellor who is very approachable. I am a registered member of the BACP (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy) and work by their Code of Ethics which includes monthly supervision. Please take a look at my Website : http://newleafcounsellingplymouth.co.uk
01752 982519 View 01752 982519
Photo of Lee Ash, MBACP, Counsellor
Lee Ash
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL4
Hello, my name is Lee Ash. I trust you have found me because you are going through a difficult time and are seeking support and a safe person to share your struggle with. I understand that reaching out to an unfamiliar person can be a challenging experience, so I will do my best to lessen any fears you may have about the counselling process through sharing information about myself and my counselling practice. The first thing I want you to know is that when you contact me I respond. I am very aware that when someone is seeking counselling they don’t want to wait too long for a response. So I make it a priority to make contact ASAP.
Hello, my name is Lee Ash. I trust you have found me because you are going through a difficult time and are seeking support and a safe person to share your struggle with. I understand that reaching out to an unfamiliar person can be a challenging experience, so I will do my best to lessen any fears you may have about the counselling process through sharing information about myself and my counselling practice. The first thing I want you to know is that when you contact me I respond. I am very aware that when someone is seeking counselling they don’t want to wait too long for a response. So I make it a priority to make contact ASAP.
01752 395604 View 01752 395604
Photo of undefined - Counselling Christian Leaders, ACC-CP, Counsellor
Counselling Christian Leaders
Counsellor, ACC-CP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL4
I am an ACC Accredited & BACP registered counsellor who has been in various leadership roles for 30 years in Church and different ministries offering a service to individuals and couples who also serve in any leadership role a Christian context. I have worked with many Christian clients and those from many diverse backgrounds who have issues that don't seem to have been resolved independently of therapy. I offer an integrative way of working having trained in Person Centred Therapy, Gestalt, CBT, inner Child, Christian Mindfulness and Therapeutic writing. Find out more about me on my website.
I am an ACC Accredited & BACP registered counsellor who has been in various leadership roles for 30 years in Church and different ministries offering a service to individuals and couples who also serve in any leadership role a Christian context. I have worked with many Christian clients and those from many diverse backgrounds who have issues that don't seem to have been resolved independently of therapy. I offer an integrative way of working having trained in Person Centred Therapy, Gestalt, CBT, inner Child, Christian Mindfulness and Therapeutic writing. Find out more about me on my website.
01803 223012 View 01803 223012
Photo of Dr Victoria Brown, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Victoria Brown
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Plymouth PL1
Hello. The decision to start therapy shows courage to face into and tackle issues and choices in life. This might be addressing a specific problem or challenge, or it may be about trying to make sense of things that have happened to you, or patterns that have become stuck. I am trained as a psychologist, psychotherapist and coach so we can work in the way that suits you best. I work with adults and adolescents (16+) using creative and evidence based approaches to support new ways of being. This includes people suffering with anxiety, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), low self-esteem but also more general challenges.
Hello. The decision to start therapy shows courage to face into and tackle issues and choices in life. This might be addressing a specific problem or challenge, or it may be about trying to make sense of things that have happened to you, or patterns that have become stuck. I am trained as a psychologist, psychotherapist and coach so we can work in the way that suits you best. I work with adults and adolescents (16+) using creative and evidence based approaches to support new ways of being. This includes people suffering with anxiety, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), low self-esteem but also more general challenges.
01752 982956 View 01752 982956
Photo of Rebecca Mansell
Rebecca Mansell
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL5
With much lived experience and qualifications in counselling and psychology, I am able to create a safe space for you to confide your difficulties and problems, inviting you to share what concerns you most and in return to provide you with compassion and acceptance.
With much lived experience and qualifications in counselling and psychology, I am able to create a safe space for you to confide your difficulties and problems, inviting you to share what concerns you most and in return to provide you with compassion and acceptance.
01752 395877 View 01752 395877
Photo of Stacey Sewell, MBACP, Counsellor
Stacey Sewell
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL7
Is change of any kind making your life tough right now? Is an unwanted change such as a relationship breakup, changes at work, or illness causing you difficulties? Is a positive and hoped for change proving difficult to manage? Are you experiencing stress, worry, fear, anxiety, depression, confusion, a sense of powerlessness or low self-esteem as a result? Are you looking for a space to share your feelings, and ways to help you manage them? Are you looking for a calm, compassionate person to help you to explore your situation, find out what you'd like to get out of it, and support you in getting through it?
Is change of any kind making your life tough right now? Is an unwanted change such as a relationship breakup, changes at work, or illness causing you difficulties? Is a positive and hoped for change proving difficult to manage? Are you experiencing stress, worry, fear, anxiety, depression, confusion, a sense of powerlessness or low self-esteem as a result? Are you looking for a space to share your feelings, and ways to help you manage them? Are you looking for a calm, compassionate person to help you to explore your situation, find out what you'd like to get out of it, and support you in getting through it?
01572 491082 View 01572 491082
Photo of Dr Anthony Wharton, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Anthony Wharton
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Plymouth PL7
I provide a range of evidence based psychotherapies to alleviate psychological distress in Devon, my main approach being Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP). Intensive Short term Dynamic Psychotherapy is a highly effective form of psychodynamic psychotherapy designed to help you get to the heart of the matter quickly, and resolve issues fast. The approach is emotion focussed; a relational therapy that can address a wide range of ongoing problems or symptoms. ISTDP is particularly useful in attending to internal conflicts that can arise from interpersonal relationships.
I provide a range of evidence based psychotherapies to alleviate psychological distress in Devon, my main approach being Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP). Intensive Short term Dynamic Psychotherapy is a highly effective form of psychodynamic psychotherapy designed to help you get to the heart of the matter quickly, and resolve issues fast. The approach is emotion focussed; a relational therapy that can address a wide range of ongoing problems or symptoms. ISTDP is particularly useful in attending to internal conflicts that can arise from interpersonal relationships.
01752 982153 View 01752 982153
Photo of undefined - Seascape counselling & psychotherapy, DCounsPsych, BACP, Counsellor
Seascape counselling & psychotherapy
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, BACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL9
It is never easy taking the first step asking for help when you are struggling with life. We place ourselves at the bottom of list when it comes to our own well-being. Have you reached a point where you are beginning to notice your mental health is starting to impact those around you or maybe you no longer enjoy the things that used to bring you joy. Maybe your physical health has changed, are you distant and withdrawn towards others, or maybe you put on an "act" when you're around others to avoid others seeing you as you really are. Or maybe you wish to develop a greater self-confidence, or tools to cope more effectively with life?
It is never easy taking the first step asking for help when you are struggling with life. We place ourselves at the bottom of list when it comes to our own well-being. Have you reached a point where you are beginning to notice your mental health is starting to impact those around you or maybe you no longer enjoy the things that used to bring you joy. Maybe your physical health has changed, are you distant and withdrawn towards others, or maybe you put on an "act" when you're around others to avoid others seeing you as you really are. Or maybe you wish to develop a greater self-confidence, or tools to cope more effectively with life?
01752 741444 View 01752 741444
Photo of Clare Phillips, DCounsPsych, MBACP, Counsellor
Clare Phillips
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL3
I imagine you are reading this because it’s too hard to manage on your own anymore. I’ve been there. I became a counsellor because of my own experiences which led me to be a counselling client. It's isolating to struggle and either not feeling able to reach out to friends and family, or not wanting to upset them or feel like a burden. I am here to help you to start to move forward with more awareness of what’s going on for you and a way to build self-compassion and inner resources.
I imagine you are reading this because it’s too hard to manage on your own anymore. I’ve been there. I became a counsellor because of my own experiences which led me to be a counselling client. It's isolating to struggle and either not feeling able to reach out to friends and family, or not wanting to upset them or feel like a burden. I am here to help you to start to move forward with more awareness of what’s going on for you and a way to build self-compassion and inner resources.
01572 491088 View 01572 491088
Photo of Karl Borthwick, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Karl Borthwick
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL4  (Online Only)
I specialise in working with clients with PTSD and trauma based symptoms. I also work with OCD and other mental health problem, through the use of CBT & EMDR. CBT works by the theory that we can manage and modulate our emotions through evaluating/changing our cognitions & behaviours accordingly. EMDR utilises bilateral stimulation (eye movements) to aid the reprocessing of symptoms of Trauma and PTSD, focusing on trauma memories whilst integrating and updating these with Adaptive Information Processing, aiding resolution of symptoms in the present
I specialise in working with clients with PTSD and trauma based symptoms. I also work with OCD and other mental health problem, through the use of CBT & EMDR. CBT works by the theory that we can manage and modulate our emotions through evaluating/changing our cognitions & behaviours accordingly. EMDR utilises bilateral stimulation (eye movements) to aid the reprocessing of symptoms of Trauma and PTSD, focusing on trauma memories whilst integrating and updating these with Adaptive Information Processing, aiding resolution of symptoms in the present
01572 491102 View 01572 491102
Photo of Amanda Jane Quick, MBACP, Counsellor
Amanda Jane Quick
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL2
Choosing a therapist can be daunting, especially when you may be feeling anxious, depressed, confused, or at a low point. Maybe you're thinking how can anyone understand? If you’ve had no experience of working with a counsellor, or previous counseling wasn't what you expected or were ready to continue, I understand this can be difficult.
Choosing a therapist can be daunting, especially when you may be feeling anxious, depressed, confused, or at a low point. Maybe you're thinking how can anyone understand? If you’ve had no experience of working with a counsellor, or previous counseling wasn't what you expected or were ready to continue, I understand this can be difficult.
01572 492206 View 01572 492206
Photo of Kerry O'Gorman, DCounsPsych, MBACP, Counsellor
Kerry O'Gorman
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Plymouth PL2  (Online Only)
I first discovered counselling when I was referred to one many years ago. The experience for me was life changing. It was one of my first relationships that valued my choices and it and me gave me the tools, knowledge and courage to make changes in my life. I believe no one will know the truth about themselves until you find it by yourself. In doing so will give you greater value and empower you to make your own choices.
I first discovered counselling when I was referred to one many years ago. The experience for me was life changing. It was one of my first relationships that valued my choices and it and me gave me the tools, knowledge and courage to make changes in my life. I believe no one will know the truth about themselves until you find it by yourself. In doing so will give you greater value and empower you to make your own choices.
01572 492371 View 01572 492371

See more therapy options for Plymouth

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Plymouth

100+

Average cost per session

£50

Counsellors in Plymouth who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
87% Depression
80% Self Esteem
77% Stress
74% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
64% Bereavement

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

43% AXA PPP
39% Aviva
35% WPA

How Counsellors in Plymouth see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Plymouth?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.