Counselling in Pinner

Photo of Dr Petrus Andries Swanepoel, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Dr Petrus Andries Swanepoel
Psychotherapist, PsychD, MUKCP
Verified
Pinner HA5
All of us need to feel safe and sometimes, even those who always seem in control need someone that can really listen. Do you feel confused, stuck or worried, anxious or depressed? Do you struggle with focus, motivation and feel you just can't reach your goals? Do you need someone that can help you to make sense of what is going on for you and in your relationships? Maybe you have been waiting for ever to be seen by CAMHS or Adult Mental Health Services? Maybe you have focus and drive, but want someone to guide you to become even better at your work, sport, or relationship. Please contact me so that we can schedule a meeting.
All of us need to feel safe and sometimes, even those who always seem in control need someone that can really listen. Do you feel confused, stuck or worried, anxious or depressed? Do you struggle with focus, motivation and feel you just can't reach your goals? Do you need someone that can help you to make sense of what is going on for you and in your relationships? Maybe you have been waiting for ever to be seen by CAMHS or Adult Mental Health Services? Maybe you have focus and drive, but want someone to guide you to become even better at your work, sport, or relationship. Please contact me so that we can schedule a meeting.
07850 028496 View 07850 028496
Photo of Shaheen Walker - Counsellor - Relationship And Psychosexual Therapist, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Shaheen Walker - Counsellor - Relationship And Psychosexual Therapist
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Hi - are you feeling stuck? Repeating the same patterns of behaviour again and again in your life or relationship and going around in circles? Do you feel a lack of love/respect with your partner or someone close to you? Is sex/intimacy an issue but you’re not quite sure how to approach it? Perhaps trauma, life changes, neurodiversity (adhd/asc) or difficult times have led to anxiety/depression, the trust has gone, or you're feeling sad, angry, lonely, stressed, numb, or just not sure what you feel anymore? I provide a safe, non-judgmental space helping individuals and couples improve on their personal wellbeing and relationships.
Hi - are you feeling stuck? Repeating the same patterns of behaviour again and again in your life or relationship and going around in circles? Do you feel a lack of love/respect with your partner or someone close to you? Is sex/intimacy an issue but you’re not quite sure how to approach it? Perhaps trauma, life changes, neurodiversity (adhd/asc) or difficult times have led to anxiety/depression, the trust has gone, or you're feeling sad, angry, lonely, stressed, numb, or just not sure what you feel anymore? I provide a safe, non-judgmental space helping individuals and couples improve on their personal wellbeing and relationships.
01895 545137 View 01895 545137
Photo of Bobbi Riesel, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Bobbi Riesel
Counsellor, MA, BACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
I have been a Counsellor for many years. My experience is wide and varied and I provide a safe place to talk about your situation in order to help you resolve your issues.
I have been a Counsellor for many years. My experience is wide and varied and I provide a safe place to talk about your situation in order to help you resolve your issues.
01895 545158 x077875 View 01895 545158 x077875
Photo of Ruth Cullinan, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Ruth Cullinan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Hello and welcome. Counselling helps you understand and make sense of your thoughts and feelings. We will explore what you’re finding difficult, and unpack this further. I offer a safe and confidential space, where you can talk openly, be heard and listened to without judgement. Are you or your teen struggling emotionally? Have you suffered a bereavement, or is anxiety taking control? I can offer you a space where you can begin to express yourself, and process what’s going on for you. Counselling can help you with relationships, communication and self worth, it can help you build self awareness, and in turn help you to make changes.
Hello and welcome. Counselling helps you understand and make sense of your thoughts and feelings. We will explore what you’re finding difficult, and unpack this further. I offer a safe and confidential space, where you can talk openly, be heard and listened to without judgement. Are you or your teen struggling emotionally? Have you suffered a bereavement, or is anxiety taking control? I can offer you a space where you can begin to express yourself, and process what’s going on for you. Counselling can help you with relationships, communication and self worth, it can help you build self awareness, and in turn help you to make changes.
01895 547549 View 01895 547549
Photo of Judy Lever-Chain, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Judy Lever-Chain
Psychotherapist, PhD, MUKCP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Emotional confusion and pain affects our ability to lead satisfying and fulfilling lives. It can impact on our physical health and damage our home and work lives. You may be struggling with particular issues or simply wish to question the way you live your life. A very wide range of reasons brings people to therapy: abuse; bereavement; depression; relational problems; trauma; unexplained physical symptoms; unmanageable stress; work/employment problems. It doesn't matter whether your problem is on this list. Whatever brings you , I offer a safe, therapeutic space in which issues can be explored and resolved.
Emotional confusion and pain affects our ability to lead satisfying and fulfilling lives. It can impact on our physical health and damage our home and work lives. You may be struggling with particular issues or simply wish to question the way you live your life. A very wide range of reasons brings people to therapy: abuse; bereavement; depression; relational problems; trauma; unexplained physical symptoms; unmanageable stress; work/employment problems. It doesn't matter whether your problem is on this list. Whatever brings you , I offer a safe, therapeutic space in which issues can be explored and resolved.
020 3818 1081 View 020 3818 1081
Photo of Nicholas King Counselling & Psychotherapy (CBT), Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Nicholas King Counselling & Psychotherapy (CBT)
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Thank you for reading my profile here on Psychology Today. I am a Counsellor and CBT Psychotherapist working in private practice in Pinner, NW London. I am an Accredited practitioner with the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP). I am also an NHS trained, Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) accredited with the British Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP). I am a registered Hypnotherapist with the General Hypnotherapy Register (GHR).
Thank you for reading my profile here on Psychology Today. I am a Counsellor and CBT Psychotherapist working in private practice in Pinner, NW London. I am an Accredited practitioner with the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP). I am also an NHS trained, Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) accredited with the British Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP). I am a registered Hypnotherapist with the General Hypnotherapy Register (GHR).
01895 545164 View 01895 545164
Androulla Troisi
Psychotherapist, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified
Pinner HA5
I am a fully qualified integrative psychotherapist with over 30 years experience working within charities - private health providers and education. I am senior accredited clinical supervisor who provides clinical supervision to other psychotherapists and counsellors - also run group supervision
I am a fully qualified integrative psychotherapist with over 30 years experience working within charities - private health providers and education. I am senior accredited clinical supervisor who provides clinical supervision to other psychotherapists and counsellors - also run group supervision
020 8016 3274 View 020 8016 3274
Photo of Mahtab Kafi, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Mahtab Kafi
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
Pinner HA5
Every human being is hurt in some way; in many cases this will manifest as depression, anxiety or some other way which gets in the way of personal development and the ability to reach out to his or her potential. Therapy provides a relationship in which clients are able to accept themselves as they are and value themselves as individuals. Every individual has an urge to develop as a whole, finding the tendency to actualize and become a more fully functioning person. It is the joy of a therapist to assist the client in these breakthroughs.I am working as a senior counsellor and supervisor in NHS.
Every human being is hurt in some way; in many cases this will manifest as depression, anxiety or some other way which gets in the way of personal development and the ability to reach out to his or her potential. Therapy provides a relationship in which clients are able to accept themselves as they are and value themselves as individuals. Every individual has an urge to develop as a whole, finding the tendency to actualize and become a more fully functioning person. It is the joy of a therapist to assist the client in these breakthroughs.I am working as a senior counsellor and supervisor in NHS.
020 4538 3406 View 020 4538 3406
Photo of Stephanie P Compton, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Stephanie P Compton
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified
Pinner HA5
I am an experienced counsellor and psychotherapist. I believe that the most important part of therapy is that we build a strong and therapeutic relationship together so that you can feel safe to explore your feelings and concerns. We all have times in our life when we need support and it is not always possible to sort things out with the help of family and friends. I would be there to listen and not judge, in a confidential and caring environment. Counselling can feel daunting but can help to empower you to explore and reflect on ways of making changes and moving forward with your life.
I am an experienced counsellor and psychotherapist. I believe that the most important part of therapy is that we build a strong and therapeutic relationship together so that you can feel safe to explore your feelings and concerns. We all have times in our life when we need support and it is not always possible to sort things out with the help of family and friends. I would be there to listen and not judge, in a confidential and caring environment. Counselling can feel daunting but can help to empower you to explore and reflect on ways of making changes and moving forward with your life.
01895 545630 View 01895 545630
Photo of SquarePegs18, Counsellor in Pinner, England
SquarePegs18
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Squarepegness often is accompanied by or is masked by depression, anxiety, emotional rigidness. It can lead to work and relationship problems Exploring, recognising and slowly putting into practice what has been uncovered can be enough to move a client from being overloaded leading to meltdown or lack of headspace to an awareness that modifies your feeling of well being.
Squarepegness often is accompanied by or is masked by depression, anxiety, emotional rigidness. It can lead to work and relationship problems Exploring, recognising and slowly putting into practice what has been uncovered can be enough to move a client from being overloaded leading to meltdown or lack of headspace to an awareness that modifies your feeling of well being.
020 4538 8064 View 020 4538 8064
Photo of Tasneem Shikoh, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Tasneem Shikoh
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
1 Endorsed
Pinner HA5
You might be experiencing loss, depression, anxiety, situational dilemma, unhappiness, difficulty in relationships or even may be abuse of some kind. Through therapy and talking to me in a safe environment, I might be able to help you to understand your inner self and work with your uncomfortable feelings. The promise is not an instant solution to all your presenting issues or an instant happiness but the goal would be to achieve near enough to live a content life. My aim to work with the clients is to explore their own strengths, abilities as well to acknowledge the feelings and thoughts they might be going through.
You might be experiencing loss, depression, anxiety, situational dilemma, unhappiness, difficulty in relationships or even may be abuse of some kind. Through therapy and talking to me in a safe environment, I might be able to help you to understand your inner self and work with your uncomfortable feelings. The promise is not an instant solution to all your presenting issues or an instant happiness but the goal would be to achieve near enough to live a content life. My aim to work with the clients is to explore their own strengths, abilities as well to acknowledge the feelings and thoughts they might be going through.
01895 545077 View 01895 545077
Photo of Rev Stephen Jones, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Rev Stephen Jones
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5  (Online Only)
I specialise in working with conflicting couples and clients new to counselling. I help clients manage complex relationships, overcome trauma and relieve anxiety. Clients find me approachable, curious, culturally fluent and realistic in my counselling methods. Convinced that relationships are the avenue to lasting change, my goal in therapy is to create a safe therapeutic relationship that provides a setting for clients to experience healing and empowerment. I have 15 years of international work experience as a counsellor. I provide a money-back guarantee for one session with individuals and two sessions with couples.
I specialise in working with conflicting couples and clients new to counselling. I help clients manage complex relationships, overcome trauma and relieve anxiety. Clients find me approachable, curious, culturally fluent and realistic in my counselling methods. Convinced that relationships are the avenue to lasting change, my goal in therapy is to create a safe therapeutic relationship that provides a setting for clients to experience healing and empowerment. I have 15 years of international work experience as a counsellor. I provide a money-back guarantee for one session with individuals and two sessions with couples.
020 3697 0296 View 020 3697 0296
Photo of Mita Hiremath , Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Mita Hiremath
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
Pinner HA5
If you are feeling anxious, depressed, scared or you are struggling with life in general it can be most helpful to talk with a psychotherapist about your concerns and difficulties. We will identify what you need from counselling and work together to achieve your goals and live more positively and joyfully. As a qualified counsellor and psychotherapist with 30 years of experience I work sensitively to enable you to talk about what maybe troubling you. I create a safe and confidential space where you can express your thoughts and feelings without fear or judgement.
If you are feeling anxious, depressed, scared or you are struggling with life in general it can be most helpful to talk with a psychotherapist about your concerns and difficulties. We will identify what you need from counselling and work together to achieve your goals and live more positively and joyfully. As a qualified counsellor and psychotherapist with 30 years of experience I work sensitively to enable you to talk about what maybe troubling you. I create a safe and confidential space where you can express your thoughts and feelings without fear or judgement.
01895 544554 View 01895 544554
Photo of LH Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
LH Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Our past impacts on our present and it can often be confusing and conflicting in our adult responses to current problems. When we cannot make sense of our own thoughts or responses, when our behaviour troubles us or is repetitive. Within the therapeutic process, control is taken back and the symptomatic behaviour in time can be renegotiated and become less powerful. My training is Psychodynamic but with many years of CPD (continuing professional development) I will adapt my style to what will be most helpful to you and what you bring to the sessions. Psychodynamic therapy involves working with the unconscious.
Our past impacts on our present and it can often be confusing and conflicting in our adult responses to current problems. When we cannot make sense of our own thoughts or responses, when our behaviour troubles us or is repetitive. Within the therapeutic process, control is taken back and the symptomatic behaviour in time can be renegotiated and become less powerful. My training is Psychodynamic but with many years of CPD (continuing professional development) I will adapt my style to what will be most helpful to you and what you bring to the sessions. Psychodynamic therapy involves working with the unconscious.
020 4538 8182 View 020 4538 8182
Photo of Yvonne Barham; Relationships And Individual Therapy, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Yvonne Barham; Relationships And Individual Therapy
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
Pinner HA5
Relationships can be difficult, miscommunication & misattunement of emotions can create patterns of behaviour that can lead to a lack of connectiveness & blocks to intimancy. This can trigger a fight or flight response & the cycle continues. In therapy you can learn to communicate your care seeking & care giving needs in a clear way & change the relationship to a more secure & attuned base. You'll learn the skills to listen to each other & navigate the ruptures & repairs that are part of all relationships. I will work to provide a safe & non biased space for you to resolve them together & decide the best way forward.
Relationships can be difficult, miscommunication & misattunement of emotions can create patterns of behaviour that can lead to a lack of connectiveness & blocks to intimancy. This can trigger a fight or flight response & the cycle continues. In therapy you can learn to communicate your care seeking & care giving needs in a clear way & change the relationship to a more secure & attuned base. You'll learn the skills to listen to each other & navigate the ruptures & repairs that are part of all relationships. I will work to provide a safe & non biased space for you to resolve them together & decide the best way forward.
020 4538 8554 View 020 4538 8554
Photo of Sarah Kirrane Counselling, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Sarah Kirrane Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
What has brought you here today? Are you grieving for someone or something? If you have lost a significant other, are you struggling to cope with the idea of being in this world without them? The notion of never experiencing their presence again comes with a longing and a physical sensation that words simply cannot describe. In my experience of loss, the word ‘sad’ came nowhere near close to describing that pain. Or have you been unwell for a prolonged period of time and now have a diagnosis? I've been there too and I understand the complex feelings that come as a result of physical suffering and a new, scary diagnosis.
What has brought you here today? Are you grieving for someone or something? If you have lost a significant other, are you struggling to cope with the idea of being in this world without them? The notion of never experiencing their presence again comes with a longing and a physical sensation that words simply cannot describe. In my experience of loss, the word ‘sad’ came nowhere near close to describing that pain. Or have you been unwell for a prolonged period of time and now have a diagnosis? I've been there too and I understand the complex feelings that come as a result of physical suffering and a new, scary diagnosis.
01895 540989 View 01895 540989
Photo of Ellie Church, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Ellie Church
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Pinner HA5
Asking for help is not an easy step to take. The prospect of sharing your thoughts and feelings with someone else is quite a leap of faith and if you have not experienced counselling before you may be wondering what to expect. I would like to offer you a comfortable space where we can talk and get to know each other; and when you are ready, we can start to explore and make sense of your thoughts and personal difficulties, working entirely at your own pace. By exploring our past experiences and relationships we can often gain a new and fresh perspective on our issues which can lead to a deeper understanding of ourselves.
Asking for help is not an easy step to take. The prospect of sharing your thoughts and feelings with someone else is quite a leap of faith and if you have not experienced counselling before you may be wondering what to expect. I would like to offer you a comfortable space where we can talk and get to know each other; and when you are ready, we can start to explore and make sense of your thoughts and personal difficulties, working entirely at your own pace. By exploring our past experiences and relationships we can often gain a new and fresh perspective on our issues which can lead to a deeper understanding of ourselves.
01442 953465 View 01442 953465
Photo of Paula Newman, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Paula Newman
Counsellor, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified
Pinner HA5
I offer a supportive, confidential and friendly service to individuals, couples and families. You may wish to address a particular issue, or perhaps you are considering counselling because of a feeling that all is not well. Life brings various challenges. Our physical and psychological well being is affected by traumatic events, bullying, abuse, bereavement, family tensions, relationships and more. Sometimes we find ways of coping which also cause problems, examples are self-harm and addictions. I provide a non-judgmental space for whatever you wish to explore and address including anxiety, depression and emotional distress.
I offer a supportive, confidential and friendly service to individuals, couples and families. You may wish to address a particular issue, or perhaps you are considering counselling because of a feeling that all is not well. Life brings various challenges. Our physical and psychological well being is affected by traumatic events, bullying, abuse, bereavement, family tensions, relationships and more. Sometimes we find ways of coping which also cause problems, examples are self-harm and addictions. I provide a non-judgmental space for whatever you wish to explore and address including anxiety, depression and emotional distress.
01923 625055 View 01923 625055
Photo of Leigh-Catherine Inglis, Counsellor in Pinner, England
Leigh-Catherine Inglis
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
1 Endorsed
Pinner HA5
I am a qualified UK and International counsellor providing psychotherapeutic support and guidance to anyone struggling with mental health or personal problems that may be impacting on their lives negatively and are serious about wanting to live more authentically by making the necessary changes within in order to do so.
I am a qualified UK and International counsellor providing psychotherapeutic support and guidance to anyone struggling with mental health or personal problems that may be impacting on their lives negatively and are serious about wanting to live more authentically by making the necessary changes within in order to do so.
01895 545101 View 01895 545101
Photo of Kiran Seth, Psychotherapist in Pinner, England
Kiran Seth
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
Pinner HA5
I have over 30years experience of working with people with common Mental Health problems e.g. Depression , Anxiety ,Stress at work and Relationship issues . I provide Brief therapy for people with common mental health issues and help them to find coping strategies. I also provide Long term therapy for people presenting with childhood trauma or relational issues or feel their past is affecting them. I can help to work on understanding how these repeating patterns maybe affecting in the present, by becoming aware of these patterns how one can move forward .
I have over 30years experience of working with people with common Mental Health problems e.g. Depression , Anxiety ,Stress at work and Relationship issues . I provide Brief therapy for people with common mental health issues and help them to find coping strategies. I also provide Long term therapy for people presenting with childhood trauma or relational issues or feel their past is affecting them. I can help to work on understanding how these repeating patterns maybe affecting in the present, by becoming aware of these patterns how one can move forward .
020 3667 1787 View 020 3667 1787

See more therapy options for Pinner

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Pinner

40+

Average cost per session

£65

Counsellors in Pinner who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
96% Anxiety
94% Bereavement
92% Self Esteem
90% Relationship Issues
85% Stress
83% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Aviva
75% AXA PPP
50% Vitality

How Counsellors in Pinner see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Pinner?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.