Depression Counselling in Oxford

Photo of Tanya Lecchi - Inner Citadel, PhD
Inner Citadel
PhD
Verified Verified
Oxford OX44
We work with adolescents, adults and older adults struggling with anxiety, depression, developmental trauma, eating disorders, OCD, PTSD, life crisis, relational difficulties and cultural identity dilemmas.
Inner Citadel is a clinic and training institute founded by Dr Tanya Lecchi (HCPC Clinical Psychologist and Counselling Psychologist). Our mission is to offer evidence-based therapies to people interested in exploring their lived experience in depth, helping our clients manage their clinical symptoms while finding greater authenticity and fulfilment in their daily lives. We offer a safe, quiet and private space.
We work with adolescents, adults and older adults struggling with anxiety, depression, developmental trauma, eating disorders, OCD, PTSD, life crisis, relational difficulties and cultural identity dilemmas.
Inner Citadel is a clinic and training institute founded by Dr Tanya Lecchi (HCPC Clinical Psychologist and Counselling Psychologist). Our mission is to offer evidence-based therapies to people interested in exploring their lived experience in depth, helping our clients manage their clinical symptoms while finding greater authenticity and fulfilment in their daily lives. We offer a safe, quiet and private space.
01865 638842 View 01865 638842
Photo of Judith Zur, PhD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Judith Zur
Psychologist, PhD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
anxiety, depression ad childhood trauma, marital conflict and parenting issues.
Dr Judith Zur is a highly specialist clinical psychologist and Marital/Family therapist and Social Anthropologist with over thirty years’ experience of providing psychological and counselling interventions, consultation and supervision in the NHS and non-statutory settings in the UK and abroad. She is a caring and professional person experienced working successfully with individuals of all ages, couples and families on a wide range of issues both in her private consultation room and online. Judith´s therapeutic approach is non-judgemental, collaborative, empathic and person/couple-centred.
anxiety, depression ad childhood trauma, marital conflict and parenting issues.
Dr Judith Zur is a highly specialist clinical psychologist and Marital/Family therapist and Social Anthropologist with over thirty years’ experience of providing psychological and counselling interventions, consultation and supervision in the NHS and non-statutory settings in the UK and abroad. She is a caring and professional person experienced working successfully with individuals of all ages, couples and families on a wide range of issues both in her private consultation room and online. Judith´s therapeutic approach is non-judgemental, collaborative, empathic and person/couple-centred.
01865 951408 View 01865 951408
Photo of Dmitry Shyla, MBACP, Counsellor
Dmitry Shyla
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX1
I have supported clients going through a range of problems, with a lot of experience working with: anxiety, depression, relationship troubles both platonic and romantic, self-esteem and bereavement.
Our minds can be confusing places at times. Especially when it comes to issues of mental health. It may feel hard to talk about certain things with friends and loved ones for many reasons, and it can feel like there’s no way to escape these problems. I can offer you a safe, confidential space to help you make more sense of your situation, help you throw your problems into a new light and perhaps give you a new perspective on what’s going on for you. I work in a holistic way, which takes into account you as a whole person and not just a problem that needs to be treated.
I have supported clients going through a range of problems, with a lot of experience working with: anxiety, depression, relationship troubles both platonic and romantic, self-esteem and bereavement.
Our minds can be confusing places at times. Especially when it comes to issues of mental health. It may feel hard to talk about certain things with friends and loved ones for many reasons, and it can feel like there’s no way to escape these problems. I can offer you a safe, confidential space to help you make more sense of your situation, help you throw your problems into a new light and perhaps give you a new perspective on what’s going on for you. I work in a holistic way, which takes into account you as a whole person and not just a problem that needs to be treated.
01689 664667 View 01689 664667
Photo of Dr Nithura Sivarajah, PsychD, HCPC-Clin. Psych., Psychotherapist
Dr Nithura Sivarajah
Psychotherapist, PsychD, HCPC-Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Oxford OX1  (Online Only)
I am an experienced senior clinical psychologist (trained at Oxford University). I offer assessments and treatment for adolescents and adults facing a range of difficulties including, mood disorders (e.g., depression, bipolar disorder, relationship difficulties), anxiety disorders (e.g., social anxiety, OCD, panic, psychosis), trauma (e.g., PTSD, attachment difficulties), ADHD and autism, and low self esteem. The therapy I offer is integrative and draws on CBT, ACT, Compassion based therapies, DBT, EMDR and Systemic Therapy. I highly value the importance of developing a safe, trustworthy and empathic therapeutic relationship.
I am an experienced senior clinical psychologist (trained at Oxford University). I offer assessments and treatment for adolescents and adults facing a range of difficulties including, mood disorders (e.g., depression, bipolar disorder, relationship difficulties), anxiety disorders (e.g., social anxiety, OCD, panic, psychosis), trauma (e.g., PTSD, attachment difficulties), ADHD and autism, and low self esteem. The therapy I offer is integrative and draws on CBT, ACT, Compassion based therapies, DBT, EMDR and Systemic Therapy. I highly value the importance of developing a safe, trustworthy and empathic therapeutic relationship.
01235 639394 View 01235 639394
Photo of Gabriella Papp, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Gabriella Papp
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oxford OX2
I am an Oxford-based counsellor and psychotherapist (MA, MSc) offering online and face-to-face counselling specialising in anxiety, depression, loss, disordered eating, abuse, trauma, self-esteem related and relationship issues. I will help you to build up your strength and resilience so that you can face life’s challenges with greater ease. Through therapy, you will learn how to make empowering choices, and regain control over your feelings, actions and relationships. My aim is to support you in releasing your emotional blocks and in finding resolution to painful past events so that you can live a more fulfilling life.
I am an Oxford-based counsellor and psychotherapist (MA, MSc) offering online and face-to-face counselling specialising in anxiety, depression, loss, disordered eating, abuse, trauma, self-esteem related and relationship issues. I will help you to build up your strength and resilience so that you can face life’s challenges with greater ease. Through therapy, you will learn how to make empowering choices, and regain control over your feelings, actions and relationships. My aim is to support you in releasing your emotional blocks and in finding resolution to painful past events so that you can live a more fulfilling life.
01865 951462 View 01865 951462
Photo of Dr Tanya Lecchi, PhD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Tanya Lecchi
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Oxford OX44
I work with adults struggling with anxiety, OCD, depression, developmental trauma and PTSD, life crisis, relational difficulties and cultural identity dilemmas.
I am a BPS Chartered Psychologist, Registered Counselling and Clinical Psychologist (HCPC), Integrative Psychotherapist, and Mindfulness Teacher. I offer a safe and confidential space, supporting clients who would like to develop more awareness of their inner world and its impact on their current challenges and ways of relating.
I work with adults struggling with anxiety, OCD, depression, developmental trauma and PTSD, life crisis, relational difficulties and cultural identity dilemmas.
I am a BPS Chartered Psychologist, Registered Counselling and Clinical Psychologist (HCPC), Integrative Psychotherapist, and Mindfulness Teacher. I offer a safe and confidential space, supporting clients who would like to develop more awareness of their inner world and its impact on their current challenges and ways of relating.
01780 438659 View 01780 438659
Photo of Dr Louise Fletcher, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Louise Fletcher
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Oxford OX1  (Online Only)
You'd like to feel better about yourself, your life, your future, but you're struggling to engage with life following physical illness. Navigating life's challenges, especially illness, can be daunting. It's more common than you might imagine to experience mental health concerns following illness, such as depression and anxiety. If you're feeling uncertain about how to cope, now might be a good time to connect with a therapist who can help. Let's work together to develop strategies that help you to fully engage with your life as it is now, so that you feel empowered to live well.
You'd like to feel better about yourself, your life, your future, but you're struggling to engage with life following physical illness. Navigating life's challenges, especially illness, can be daunting. It's more common than you might imagine to experience mental health concerns following illness, such as depression and anxiety. If you're feeling uncertain about how to cope, now might be a good time to connect with a therapist who can help. Let's work together to develop strategies that help you to fully engage with your life as it is now, so that you feel empowered to live well.
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Photo of Chanden Patel - Nexus Heart & Mind Therapy, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Nexus Heart & Mind Therapy
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
We work with a wide range of issues that include common presentations such as anxiety, depression, childhood difficulties, historical abuse and social unease. We aim to provide you with the emotional freedom to explore the human conditions that challenge our general mental and emotional wellbeing. We do this by offering differing ways of working eg couple or individual counselling, mentoring and small group work.
We work with a wide range of issues that include common presentations such as anxiety, depression, childhood difficulties, historical abuse and social unease. We aim to provide you with the emotional freedom to explore the human conditions that challenge our general mental and emotional wellbeing. We do this by offering differing ways of working eg couple or individual counselling, mentoring and small group work.
01865 954012 View 01865 954012
Photo of Bea Zanichelli-Sonego, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Bea Zanichelli-Sonego
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX4
My specialties involve anxiety, depression, loss, relationship and self-esteem issues, life transitions, culture, race, gender.
Here you are, considering whether you should talk to someone. Right now you may be feeling confused, tired, just wanting to make sense of your situation - I get it, and hope you will find the information provided here helpful. I am an experienced licensed and fully-insured Clinical Psychologist and Psychodynamic Counsellor, with 15 years of practice. I have worked in a variety of settings - higher education, community, healthcare and independently, both in the UK and in South America. My approach is based on the psychodynamic model (my primary influence), as well as existential-phenomenology and cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT).
My specialties involve anxiety, depression, loss, relationship and self-esteem issues, life transitions, culture, race, gender.
Here you are, considering whether you should talk to someone. Right now you may be feeling confused, tired, just wanting to make sense of your situation - I get it, and hope you will find the information provided here helpful. I am an experienced licensed and fully-insured Clinical Psychologist and Psychodynamic Counsellor, with 15 years of practice. I have worked in a variety of settings - higher education, community, healthcare and independently, both in the UK and in South America. My approach is based on the psychodynamic model (my primary influence), as well as existential-phenomenology and cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT).
01865 638291 View 01865 638291
Photo of Ben Whitaker, MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Ben Whitaker
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
You may be feeling life is difficult and challenging at the moment, struggling with anxiety or depression, or loneliness. You may have a general feeling of dissatisfaction making life difficult to manage. You may be struggling with a bereavement. You may find that you are feeling angry for much of the time. You may be looking for a way to alleviate your suffering and solve your problems in order to live a more satisfying life where you are more at ease with yourself and with other people. You might find it helpful to explore these thoughts and feelings in a safe and confidential environment. I hope to provide such a place.
You may be feeling life is difficult and challenging at the moment, struggling with anxiety or depression, or loneliness. You may have a general feeling of dissatisfaction making life difficult to manage. You may be struggling with a bereavement. You may find that you are feeling angry for much of the time. You may be looking for a way to alleviate your suffering and solve your problems in order to live a more satisfying life where you are more at ease with yourself and with other people. You might find it helpful to explore these thoughts and feelings in a safe and confidential environment. I hope to provide such a place.
01865 950929 View 01865 950929
Photo of Anicca Moxley-Wyles (Online Practice), MBACP, Psychotherapist
Anicca Moxley-Wyles (Online Practice)
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX4  (Online Only)
Counselling can help with a variety of issues, some of the areas I work with are: anxiety, depression, stress management, bereavement, long term illness, relationship issues, spirituality and loss/change of identity.
I offer a non-judgemental, safe environment to help you understand yourself and your life. Counselling can support you to find your own insights, new ways of being with yourself and others, and work towards healing and freedom. It can be a space to get things off your chest, rest or reset, find perspective and understanding in life and relationships, as well as having someone to really hear and be with you as you share and explore what is difficult. My practice is informed by Buddhist philosophy and meditation, which I have been exploring and supporting others with for over 15 years, emphasising embodied awareness and compassion.
Counselling can help with a variety of issues, some of the areas I work with are: anxiety, depression, stress management, bereavement, long term illness, relationship issues, spirituality and loss/change of identity.
I offer a non-judgemental, safe environment to help you understand yourself and your life. Counselling can support you to find your own insights, new ways of being with yourself and others, and work towards healing and freedom. It can be a space to get things off your chest, rest or reset, find perspective and understanding in life and relationships, as well as having someone to really hear and be with you as you share and explore what is difficult. My practice is informed by Buddhist philosophy and meditation, which I have been exploring and supporting others with for over 15 years, emphasising embodied awareness and compassion.
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Photo of Cath Arakelian, BPC, Psychotherapist
Cath Arakelian
Psychotherapist, BPC
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
Are you worried that you are not making full use of your talents and enjoying your one life? Do certain things seem to happen again and again or do you feel something is holding you back? Whatever your age or background, come and talk about yourself and let us gently explore together your inner world. Living a life full of anxiety or depression or behaving in ways that trouble you is painful and restricting. It doesn't have to be that way.
Are you worried that you are not making full use of your talents and enjoying your one life? Do certain things seem to happen again and again or do you feel something is holding you back? Whatever your age or background, come and talk about yourself and let us gently explore together your inner world. Living a life full of anxiety or depression or behaving in ways that trouble you is painful and restricting. It doesn't have to be that way.
020 3856 8477 View 020 3856 8477
Photo of Penelope Toff, MBBS
Penelope Toff
MBBS
Verified Verified
Oxford OX1
I help adults and children with a range of issues, including low confidence, fears, stress, anxiety, sleep problems, chronic fatigue and depression.
I am a Hypnotherapist and Rapid Transformational Therapist (RTT), trained by Marisa Peer, as well as an experienced medical doctor and life and careers coach. I have worked in the NHS and private sector for many years. I would be delighted to help you overcome whatever is causing you pain and holding you back from being your being your best self. I offer RTT alone, or in combination with coaching for further great results, putting your new understanding from RTT into practice in your relationships, work and home life.
I help adults and children with a range of issues, including low confidence, fears, stress, anxiety, sleep problems, chronic fatigue and depression.
I am a Hypnotherapist and Rapid Transformational Therapist (RTT), trained by Marisa Peer, as well as an experienced medical doctor and life and careers coach. I have worked in the NHS and private sector for many years. I would be delighted to help you overcome whatever is causing you pain and holding you back from being your being your best self. I offer RTT alone, or in combination with coaching for further great results, putting your new understanding from RTT into practice in your relationships, work and home life.
01865 951416 View 01865 951416
Photo of Peter Good, MBACP, Counsellor
Peter Good
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oxford OX44
Are you feeling anxious, stressed, down, unmotivated? I understand that it can be difficult to know what to do next. I have experience of helping people make sense of these feelings, and find a path to improve their lives. Whether you are feeling depressed, anxious, or struggling with traumatic events, it can sometimes feel like nobody understands, and there is no clear path forward. This can impact your life, and those you care about. I have worked with many people who feel like this, and there is a way forward. I offer online sessions wherever you're based, and in-person sessions in the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire area.
Are you feeling anxious, stressed, down, unmotivated? I understand that it can be difficult to know what to do next. I have experience of helping people make sense of these feelings, and find a path to improve their lives. Whether you are feeling depressed, anxious, or struggling with traumatic events, it can sometimes feel like nobody understands, and there is no clear path forward. This can impact your life, and those you care about. I have worked with many people who feel like this, and there is a way forward. I offer online sessions wherever you're based, and in-person sessions in the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire area.
01865 638065 View 01865 638065
Photo of Sophie Jane Miller, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Sophie Jane Miller
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oxford OX44
As an ex-lawyer I have personally experienced stress related burnout, work-place trauma, major depression, anxiety, grief, and adult diagnosis of ADD neurodiversity.
Are you stuck, finding life hard to manage or struggling with neurodiversity? Work with me to reconnect with your authentic self, the things that bring you joy and not get stuck on automatic pilot, playing parts that don't work any longer. You don't need to be unwell to benefit from psychosynthesis or mindfulness, although most people come to therapy when something gets stuck or unworkable in their lives. Whatever your reason to seek help, I believe in reconnecting you with what makes your heart sing.
As an ex-lawyer I have personally experienced stress related burnout, work-place trauma, major depression, anxiety, grief, and adult diagnosis of ADD neurodiversity.
Are you stuck, finding life hard to manage or struggling with neurodiversity? Work with me to reconnect with your authentic self, the things that bring you joy and not get stuck on automatic pilot, playing parts that don't work any longer. You don't need to be unwell to benefit from psychosynthesis or mindfulness, although most people come to therapy when something gets stuck or unworkable in their lives. Whatever your reason to seek help, I believe in reconnecting you with what makes your heart sing.
01865 900904 View 01865 900904
Photo of Mat Schencks, MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Mat Schencks
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
I work with anxiety, depression, trauma, sexuality, anger and all kinds of relationship challenges in a warm and supportive manner.
I offer a caring and non-judgmental relationship in which you can explore the issues, experiences, thoughts and feelings that have brought you to seek help. We will explore the situations and challenges you are facing in your life. Speaking about what is difficult is the beginning of feeling better. Core Process Psychotherapy combines the wisdom and compassion of Buddhism with western approaches to psychology. This compassionate and relational approach emphasises our wholeness, and our inherent resilience and balance - however hidden these qualities may sometimes seem. I work with both individuals and couples.
I work with anxiety, depression, trauma, sexuality, anger and all kinds of relationship challenges in a warm and supportive manner.
I offer a caring and non-judgmental relationship in which you can explore the issues, experiences, thoughts and feelings that have brought you to seek help. We will explore the situations and challenges you are facing in your life. Speaking about what is difficult is the beginning of feeling better. Core Process Psychotherapy combines the wisdom and compassion of Buddhism with western approaches to psychology. This compassionate and relational approach emphasises our wholeness, and our inherent resilience and balance - however hidden these qualities may sometimes seem. I work with both individuals and couples.
01908 015946 View 01908 015946
Photo of Dr Oliver Klott, PsychD, ACP, Psychotherapist
Dr Oliver Klott
Psychotherapist, PsychD, ACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
I can help with a wide range of emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties from pregnancy to young adulthood (-25), including: depression, anxiety, self-harm, behavioural difficulties, difficulty attending school, low self-esteem, trauma, loss, bereavement, and sexuality and gender identity difficulties.
I am a Child, Adolescent & Young Adult Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist and Autogenic Therapist and offer Individual Psychotherapy, Child Parent Psychotherapy, Infant Parent Psychotherapy and Autogenic Training (meditative self-help technique for children and adults). The approach of Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists seeks to look beneath the surface of difficult emotions, behaviours and relationships to help young people and their families to understand themselves and their problems. In addition to my private practice, I work for Oxford CAMHS and teach at the Tavistock Clinic in London.
I can help with a wide range of emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties from pregnancy to young adulthood (-25), including: depression, anxiety, self-harm, behavioural difficulties, difficulty attending school, low self-esteem, trauma, loss, bereavement, and sexuality and gender identity difficulties.
I am a Child, Adolescent & Young Adult Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist and Autogenic Therapist and offer Individual Psychotherapy, Child Parent Psychotherapy, Infant Parent Psychotherapy and Autogenic Training (meditative self-help technique for children and adults). The approach of Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists seeks to look beneath the surface of difficult emotions, behaviours and relationships to help young people and their families to understand themselves and their problems. In addition to my private practice, I work for Oxford CAMHS and teach at the Tavistock Clinic in London.
020 3984 9142 View 020 3984 9142
Photo of Murad Bukhari, DCounsPsych, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Murad Bukhari
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
I work with a wide variety of issues including: depression; anxiety; sexual, emotional and physical abuse; complex trauma; suicidal ideation; addictions; issues of cultural diversity, intersectionality and experiences as “other”; life crises; relationship problems; personal grief, bereavement and loss; climate anxiety and ecological grief.
I am a transpersonal/integrative and Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapist that creates a space where you are invited to experience yourself; fully, freely, safely, confidentially and without judgement. Together we will explore your dreams, what brings you joy, aspirations, struggles and your deepest fears. You will come to a deeper understanding of how past experiences have shaped your feelings about life today. Psychotherapy helps us welcome in and integrate all aspects of ourselves, with conscious awareness. With work, you will experience an authentic acceptance of your whole Self, and the myriad possibilities that this brings.
I work with a wide variety of issues including: depression; anxiety; sexual, emotional and physical abuse; complex trauma; suicidal ideation; addictions; issues of cultural diversity, intersectionality and experiences as “other”; life crises; relationship problems; personal grief, bereavement and loss; climate anxiety and ecological grief.
I am a transpersonal/integrative and Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapist that creates a space where you are invited to experience yourself; fully, freely, safely, confidentially and without judgement. Together we will explore your dreams, what brings you joy, aspirations, struggles and your deepest fears. You will come to a deeper understanding of how past experiences have shaped your feelings about life today. Psychotherapy helps us welcome in and integrate all aspects of ourselves, with conscious awareness. With work, you will experience an authentic acceptance of your whole Self, and the myriad possibilities that this brings.
020 4538 2987 View 020 4538 2987
Photo of Laura Kennedy, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Laura Kennedy
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX4
I am passionate about helping clients intercept 'stuck' cycles by finding new ways of adjusting and coping. Many of the clients that I work with find themselves struggling with life demands or what the World Health Organisation (WHO) typically defines as 'burn-out' (ICD-10). Quite often they feel overwhelmed, depleted and unable to find an obvious solution to their problem. They find themselves chronically ruminating about the past or worrying about the future, leading to vicious cycles of depression and anxiety. These clients require a specialised therapist who can offer brief, effective treatment.
I am passionate about helping clients intercept 'stuck' cycles by finding new ways of adjusting and coping. Many of the clients that I work with find themselves struggling with life demands or what the World Health Organisation (WHO) typically defines as 'burn-out' (ICD-10). Quite often they feel overwhelmed, depleted and unable to find an obvious solution to their problem. They find themselves chronically ruminating about the past or worrying about the future, leading to vicious cycles of depression and anxiety. These clients require a specialised therapist who can offer brief, effective treatment.
020 3697 0279 View 020 3697 0279
Photo of Susan Jennings, MBACP, Counsellor
Susan Jennings
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oxford OX2
Are you experiencing depression, anxiety or just not feeling yourself? Counselling can ease the depression and unlock any distress you are feeling. My style of counselling can also help you to change any patterns of behaviour that are not working for you and improve your relationships with friends, colleagues, partners or family members. I work in Swindon and Oxford. I have over 25 years experience in the social and charity sector. I am DBS checked and a member of the BACP.
Are you experiencing depression, anxiety or just not feeling yourself? Counselling can ease the depression and unlock any distress you are feeling. My style of counselling can also help you to change any patterns of behaviour that are not working for you and improve your relationships with friends, colleagues, partners or family members. I work in Swindon and Oxford. I have over 25 years experience in the social and charity sector. I am DBS checked and a member of the BACP.
01793 540714 View 01793 540714
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Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.