Depression Counselling in Owler Bar

Photo of Nicola Donaldson, MBACP, Counsellor
Nicola Donaldson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Owler Bar S17
There are so many reasons why people might seek therapy: you may feel low or depressed, anxious, or stressed, or perhaps need help in making sense of your life. Human issues and experiences can touch and affect us in unique ways: loss, grief, abuse, relationships (past or present), life changes, loneliness or trauma, and therapy can provide a space to help you explore and make sense of these issues.
There are so many reasons why people might seek therapy: you may feel low or depressed, anxious, or stressed, or perhaps need help in making sense of your life. Human issues and experiences can touch and affect us in unique ways: loss, grief, abuse, relationships (past or present), life changes, loneliness or trauma, and therapy can provide a space to help you explore and make sense of these issues.
0114 697 7070 View 0114 697 7070
Photo of Celia Sanderson, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Celia Sanderson
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Owler Bar S17
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome. Are you looking for change? Are you seeking a safe, private space to be truly heard and understood; to make sense of what governs your daily thoughts, feelings and behaviour? Perhaps you have lost a loved one, experienced a traumatic event, or are looking to understand who you are, how you relate to others and how you experience the world around you. Together by examining what is and what has been, you can unlock your true life potential.
Welcome. Are you looking for change? Are you seeking a safe, private space to be truly heard and understood; to make sense of what governs your daily thoughts, feelings and behaviour? Perhaps you have lost a loved one, experienced a traumatic event, or are looking to understand who you are, how you relate to others and how you experience the world around you. Together by examining what is and what has been, you can unlock your true life potential.
0114 697 6917 View 0114 697 6917
Photo of M. E. Rebello, MSc, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
M. E. Rebello
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Owler Bar S17
I believe every individual has deep inherent dignity and that people are worth caring for. ​Yet we live in a world where we will suffer, some of us in deep and profound ways. I meet with many clients who have complex trauma or are working through challenges related to family or church hurt. They all desire to experience life differently, to heal and be renewed. Many of my clients also desire to work with a counsellor who has a Christian perspective and can offer insights on difficulties with Christian community.
I believe every individual has deep inherent dignity and that people are worth caring for. ​Yet we live in a world where we will suffer, some of us in deep and profound ways. I meet with many clients who have complex trauma or are working through challenges related to family or church hurt. They all desire to experience life differently, to heal and be renewed. Many of my clients also desire to work with a counsellor who has a Christian perspective and can offer insights on difficulties with Christian community.
0114 697 3987 View 0114 697 3987
Photo of Philippa Moorhead, MA, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Philippa Moorhead
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Owler Bar S17
Life feeling difficult? Discouraged at how hard everything feels? I've been there. I can help you find the confidence to decide you want to be in life. Do you get an anxious knot in your stomach on Sunday evening, thinking about the week ahead? Yet you can't ever seem to work hard enough or achieve enough to calm that feeling. Does this spill over into your relationships at home or work and you find yourself unaccountably irritated or angry with others, or withdrawing from them? Do you want to make changes but you have no idea what, never mind where, to start? I can help you find your path.
Life feeling difficult? Discouraged at how hard everything feels? I've been there. I can help you find the confidence to decide you want to be in life. Do you get an anxious knot in your stomach on Sunday evening, thinking about the week ahead? Yet you can't ever seem to work hard enough or achieve enough to calm that feeling. Does this spill over into your relationships at home or work and you find yourself unaccountably irritated or angry with others, or withdrawing from them? Do you want to make changes but you have no idea what, never mind where, to start? I can help you find your path.
0114 697 2599 View 0114 697 2599

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Philip Anthony Carr, DCounsPsych, BACP, Psychotherapist
Philip Anthony Carr
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S8  (Online Only)
Hello, My name is Philip. I work with developmental trauma and its associated symptoms, which can be wide ranging, from anxiety and depression, people pleasing and poor boundaries to poor emotional regulation and mood swings. Developmental capacities in childhood support us as adults to engage in relationships with others and to function well in the world, however if these capacities are impacted by our early relationships and environments then we may struggle to connect, maintain healthy boundaried relationships and regulate and enjoy our feeling states, we may be prone to anxiety or depression, periods of withdrawal or shutdown.
Hello, My name is Philip. I work with developmental trauma and its associated symptoms, which can be wide ranging, from anxiety and depression, people pleasing and poor boundaries to poor emotional regulation and mood swings. Developmental capacities in childhood support us as adults to engage in relationships with others and to function well in the world, however if these capacities are impacted by our early relationships and environments then we may struggle to connect, maintain healthy boundaried relationships and regulate and enjoy our feeling states, we may be prone to anxiety or depression, periods of withdrawal or shutdown.
01226 337558 View 01226 337558
Photo of undefined - Julia Slek Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Julia Slek Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S7
Welcome! Are you looking for someone to listen and support you as you navigate through your feelings and challenges? I'm here to help. My name is Julia, and I am a qualified counsellor with a special focus on bereavement counselling. I have spent many years helping clients and their families cope with loss, palliative care, and life-limiting illness. I am also trained to work with clients who are struggling with anxiety, depression, and other challenges.
Welcome! Are you looking for someone to listen and support you as you navigate through your feelings and challenges? I'm here to help. My name is Julia, and I am a qualified counsellor with a special focus on bereavement counselling. I have spent many years helping clients and their families cope with loss, palliative care, and life-limiting illness. I am also trained to work with clients who are struggling with anxiety, depression, and other challenges.
0114 697 6660 View 0114 697 6660
Photo of Juliett Barrott, MSc, ACC-AC, Counsellor
Juliett Barrott
Counsellor, MSc, ACC-AC
Verified Verified
Sheffield S11
My experience is of working with clients with a wide range of issues EG; depression, anxiety, anger, family and relationship issues, etc.
Hi my work with children and young people has enabled me to adopt a common sense approach. I practise Integrative Counselling, that means I use CBT, Person Centred, Pyschodynamic, etc, concepts. Which are the building blocks of thoughts and beliefs which affect how we feel. I understand the first step in seeking counselling is hard, if you have sought support, you may not know how to effect change it’s at this point we explore choices.
My experience is of working with clients with a wide range of issues EG; depression, anxiety, anger, family and relationship issues, etc.
Hi my work with children and young people has enabled me to adopt a common sense approach. I practise Integrative Counselling, that means I use CBT, Person Centred, Pyschodynamic, etc, concepts. Which are the building blocks of thoughts and beliefs which affect how we feel. I understand the first step in seeking counselling is hard, if you have sought support, you may not know how to effect change it’s at this point we explore choices.
0114 478 2540 View 0114 478 2540
Photo of Dr Stacey Lavda, PsychD, Psychologist
Dr Stacey Lavda
Psychologist, PsychD
Verified Verified
Sheffield S17
, anxiety, depression) and those with more complex needs, such as trauma and dissociation.
I am a Principal Clinical Psychologist and EMDR Therapist. I have been practicing in the NHS for 14+ years, and now also offer private sessions in a warm and welcoming clinic environment. We all have times in our life when we struggle with our emotions, mental well-being and relationships, or feel we have lost touch with who we are and what is important to us. Difficult experiences, now or in the past, can leave us feeling low in mood, anxious or with fluctuating emotions. If you feel this way then I hope to be able to help you.
, anxiety, depression) and those with more complex needs, such as trauma and dissociation.
I am a Principal Clinical Psychologist and EMDR Therapist. I have been practicing in the NHS for 14+ years, and now also offer private sessions in a warm and welcoming clinic environment. We all have times in our life when we struggle with our emotions, mental well-being and relationships, or feel we have lost touch with who we are and what is important to us. Difficult experiences, now or in the past, can leave us feeling low in mood, anxious or with fluctuating emotions. If you feel this way then I hope to be able to help you.
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Photo of Lara Myers, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Lara Myers
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Sheffield S11
I work with clients who have experienced relational trauma in childhood or as adults and the difficulties that arise : PTSD, depression, low self esteem, shame, anger and problems forming safe trusting relationships. I also specialise in bereavement Issues. I use an integrative approach which means I offer a non directive, non judgemental space to : develop coping mechanisms; explore what has happened and make sense of what you are experiencing; share information to increase understanding of how/why we respond as we do ; try out new ways of being and interacting with people; understand and trust yourself and your intuition.
I work with clients who have experienced relational trauma in childhood or as adults and the difficulties that arise : PTSD, depression, low self esteem, shame, anger and problems forming safe trusting relationships. I also specialise in bereavement Issues. I use an integrative approach which means I offer a non directive, non judgemental space to : develop coping mechanisms; explore what has happened and make sense of what you are experiencing; share information to increase understanding of how/why we respond as we do ; try out new ways of being and interacting with people; understand and trust yourself and your intuition.
07866 849412 View 07866 849412
Photo of Dr Adam Hill, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Adam Hill
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dronfield S18  (Online Only)
Do you find that despite your very best efforts to cope with difficult thoughts and feelings such as anxiety, depression and/or anger, your difficulties are still holding you back? Do you find that your ways of coping can make things worse in the long-term? You may be finding that your relationships with others are suffering as a result, and you might be finding it difficult to talk to friends and family about your difficulties. Are you struggling to find a way to move forward? Do you feel like you’ve lost touch with what’s important to you, and lost your sense of direction in life?
Do you find that despite your very best efforts to cope with difficult thoughts and feelings such as anxiety, depression and/or anger, your difficulties are still holding you back? Do you find that your ways of coping can make things worse in the long-term? You may be finding that your relationships with others are suffering as a result, and you might be finding it difficult to talk to friends and family about your difficulties. Are you struggling to find a way to move forward? Do you feel like you’ve lost touch with what’s important to you, and lost your sense of direction in life?
0114 697 2920 View 0114 697 2920
Photo of Roger Look, MSc, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Roger Look
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S11  (Online Only)
I can help people who are experiencing all levels of distress and unhappiness. You may have feelings of dissatisfaction and a sense that you are not getting all that you want in your life. At the other end of the spectrum you may be finding that every day is a real struggle with strong, even overwhelming, feelings of depression, anxiety, stress, anger etc. I believe that all of us want to strive to feel happier and more fulfilled than we currently are. We want to feel a connection with other people and to have a sense that we are leading meaningful, enjoyable lives - even when at times we feel at a loss as to how to achieve this.
I can help people who are experiencing all levels of distress and unhappiness. You may have feelings of dissatisfaction and a sense that you are not getting all that you want in your life. At the other end of the spectrum you may be finding that every day is a real struggle with strong, even overwhelming, feelings of depression, anxiety, stress, anger etc. I believe that all of us want to strive to feel happier and more fulfilled than we currently are. We want to feel a connection with other people and to have a sense that we are leading meaningful, enjoyable lives - even when at times we feel at a loss as to how to achieve this.
01926 800626 View 01926 800626
Photo of undefined - Synergy Counselling and Therapy, MBACP, Counsellor
Synergy Counselling and Therapy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S7
Waitlist for new clients
Hello! I’m Sharon. 21st-century life can be stressful and difficult, especially with current events. Talking can help to untangle and explore issues, validate your concerns, make sense of your behaviour, and heal your emotional wounds which can be life-changing and life-affirming. I help individuals develop resilience and support you to overcome challenges, thrive, and even evolve into their authentic self. Anxiety, Depression, Life-changing events like loss, unresolved emotions, relationship difficulties, and trauma are just some issues that I work with. I also specialise in Neurodiversity including ADHD, Dyslexia and ASD .
Hello! I’m Sharon. 21st-century life can be stressful and difficult, especially with current events. Talking can help to untangle and explore issues, validate your concerns, make sense of your behaviour, and heal your emotional wounds which can be life-changing and life-affirming. I help individuals develop resilience and support you to overcome challenges, thrive, and even evolve into their authentic self. Anxiety, Depression, Life-changing events like loss, unresolved emotions, relationship difficulties, and trauma are just some issues that I work with. I also specialise in Neurodiversity including ADHD, Dyslexia and ASD .
01709 212537 View 01709 212537
Photo of Hannah Daniels, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Hannah Daniels
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S1
Thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I am a HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist and have worked in mental health services in the NHS for over 10 years. I currently work in the NHS, in adult mental health services and I also work in private practice. As a Psychologist, I offer evidence-based assessments, formulation and psychological interventions for a wide range of difficulties, which might include; anxiety, depression, trauma, loss and relationship difficulties.
Thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I am a HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist and have worked in mental health services in the NHS for over 10 years. I currently work in the NHS, in adult mental health services and I also work in private practice. As a Psychologist, I offer evidence-based assessments, formulation and psychological interventions for a wide range of difficulties, which might include; anxiety, depression, trauma, loss and relationship difficulties.
01246 956389 View 01246 956389
Photo of undefined - Susan Coldwell Counselling and Supervision Online, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Susan Coldwell Counselling and Supervision Online
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Sheffield S8  (Online Only)
I work with survivors of physical, psychological and sexual abuse, building trust to create a safe helping relationship where people can work through complex emotions and traumatic experiences giving rise to depression, anxiety, PTSD, low self-esteem and mental health problems.
In counselling you can speak to someone in confidence, who will listen as you talk through your thoughts feelings and problems. I offer a safe space where I will work with you to understand your difficulties without criticism or judgement. I can help you explore the things that are causing you trouble and come to a better understanding of yourself. Learning to accept and trust in yourself and your own natural inner resources, you will grow in confidence and self-esteem and draw on your own strengths to bring about real, meaningful change and growth.
I work with survivors of physical, psychological and sexual abuse, building trust to create a safe helping relationship where people can work through complex emotions and traumatic experiences giving rise to depression, anxiety, PTSD, low self-esteem and mental health problems.
In counselling you can speak to someone in confidence, who will listen as you talk through your thoughts feelings and problems. I offer a safe space where I will work with you to understand your difficulties without criticism or judgement. I can help you explore the things that are causing you trouble and come to a better understanding of yourself. Learning to accept and trust in yourself and your own natural inner resources, you will grow in confidence and self-esteem and draw on your own strengths to bring about real, meaningful change and growth.
0114 478 2504 View 0114 478 2504
Photo of undefined - Maggie Spark @ Lantern Psychotherapy, MA, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Maggie Spark @ Lantern Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S11  (Online Only)
I offer one-to-one Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for a wide range of difficulties, including depression, low self-esteem, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social anxiety, generalised anxiety, body dysmorphia, and OCD.
My name is Maggie and I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist and EMDR therapist-in-training at Lantern Psychotherapy. Lantern Psychotherapy are a small group of professional, experienced therapists providing high quality online therapy, enabling you to access your therapy at a time and place convenient to you. I have many years' experience of providing therapy in the NHS, and I currently work as Deputy Programme Director for the Post-Graduate Diploma in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy at the University of Sheffield alongside my private practice.
I offer one-to-one Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for a wide range of difficulties, including depression, low self-esteem, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social anxiety, generalised anxiety, body dysmorphia, and OCD.
My name is Maggie and I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist and EMDR therapist-in-training at Lantern Psychotherapy. Lantern Psychotherapy are a small group of professional, experienced therapists providing high quality online therapy, enabling you to access your therapy at a time and place convenient to you. I have many years' experience of providing therapy in the NHS, and I currently work as Deputy Programme Director for the Post-Graduate Diploma in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy at the University of Sheffield alongside my private practice.
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Photo of Dawn White - Chesterfield Sheffield Dronfield, MBACP, Counsellor
Dawn White - Chesterfield Sheffield Dronfield
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dronfield S18
I understand how hard the first step can be to ask for help, sometimes you just want to be heard and listened too, you may be feeling depressed, anxious, angry, or frustrated with moving your life forward. You may be feeling confused, and unsure about where your life is heading. I can help you become stronger and find new ways of coping, whilst understanding yourself, and others around you. You are a unique person and have already begun your unique journey of recovery, I am passionate about you taking back control over your life. I aim to support you through this by tailoring my approach to you.
I understand how hard the first step can be to ask for help, sometimes you just want to be heard and listened too, you may be feeling depressed, anxious, angry, or frustrated with moving your life forward. You may be feeling confused, and unsure about where your life is heading. I can help you become stronger and find new ways of coping, whilst understanding yourself, and others around you. You are a unique person and have already begun your unique journey of recovery, I am passionate about you taking back control over your life. I aim to support you through this by tailoring my approach to you.
01709 803907 View 01709 803907
Photo of Sonia Dixon, BACP, Counsellor
Sonia Dixon
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sheffield S8
For the past twenty years, I have worked with various forms of abuse, mainly presenting in relationships; such as physical, emotional and sexual abuse, and have supported individuals to work through experiences of trauma when it intersects with experiences of multiple disadvantages and complex mental health. I have extensive experience also working with anxiety, depression, bereavement and bereavement by suicide, as well as issues such as anger, sadness, shame and relationship issues.
For the past twenty years, I have worked with various forms of abuse, mainly presenting in relationships; such as physical, emotional and sexual abuse, and have supported individuals to work through experiences of trauma when it intersects with experiences of multiple disadvantages and complex mental health. I have extensive experience also working with anxiety, depression, bereavement and bereavement by suicide, as well as issues such as anger, sadness, shame and relationship issues.
01724 514379 View 01724 514379
Photo of undefined - Heather @ Lantern Psychotherapy, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Heather @ Lantern Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Sheffield S7
I specialise in working with a range of mental health problems including anxiety, OCD, social anxiety, panic, phobias, health anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression.
My name is Heather, and I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) at Lantern Psychotherapy. I work alongside a small group of professional, experienced therapists providing high quality therapy. I provide therapy online and in person enabling you to access your therapy at a time and place convenient to you. CBT is a widely used, evidence-based, recommended therapy, suitable for a range of mental health problems. CBT is most effective when working together with a therapist towards your personal therapy goals. We will focus your sessions therefore, on the aspects of your difficulties most important to you.
I specialise in working with a range of mental health problems including anxiety, OCD, social anxiety, panic, phobias, health anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression.
My name is Heather, and I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) at Lantern Psychotherapy. I work alongside a small group of professional, experienced therapists providing high quality therapy. I provide therapy online and in person enabling you to access your therapy at a time and place convenient to you. CBT is a widely used, evidence-based, recommended therapy, suitable for a range of mental health problems. CBT is most effective when working together with a therapist towards your personal therapy goals. We will focus your sessions therefore, on the aspects of your difficulties most important to you.
0114 551 7141 View 0114 551 7141
Photo of undefined - See the Woods - Kerry Wilson, MBACP, Counsellor
See the Woods - Kerry Wilson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sheffield S7
The majority of my work has been with depression, anxiety, complex trauma, loss, relationships, family conflict, and identity issues.
Would you like to take your counselling outdoors?…. I offer counselling to adults and young people (14 +) I specialise in outdoor psychotherapy. I have found that taking therapy into outdoor natural environments enriches the counselling experience. It spurs deeper, creative ways of thinking and our movement through the landscape allows people to feel unstuck while confronting their problems. Taking therapy outdoors is an option for everyone regardless of fitness and ability. I will be flexible to work with individual needs and circumstances.
The majority of my work has been with depression, anxiety, complex trauma, loss, relationships, family conflict, and identity issues.
Would you like to take your counselling outdoors?…. I offer counselling to adults and young people (14 +) I specialise in outdoor psychotherapy. I have found that taking therapy into outdoor natural environments enriches the counselling experience. It spurs deeper, creative ways of thinking and our movement through the landscape allows people to feel unstuck while confronting their problems. Taking therapy outdoors is an option for everyone regardless of fitness and ability. I will be flexible to work with individual needs and circumstances.
0114 697 0185 View 0114 697 0185
Photo of Dr Alex Satchwell, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Alex Satchwell
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Sheffield S11
Hello, I'm Alex. I am a qualified Clinical Psychologist . I work predominantly in mental health services with people who have a number of difficult experiences (including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and emotion regulation). Although I'd be happy to discuss with you any presenting difficulties you may be experiencing.
Hello, I'm Alex. I am a qualified Clinical Psychologist . I work predominantly in mental health services with people who have a number of difficult experiences (including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and emotion regulation). Although I'd be happy to discuss with you any presenting difficulties you may be experiencing.
0114 697 0279 View 0114 697 0279
Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.