Trauma and PTSD Counselling in Oldbury

Photo of Dr Jeff Arnold, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Jeff Arnold
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Oldbury B68
I’m a Registered Clinical Psychologist specialising in persistent mood difficulties and traumatic events (PTSD). With regards to trauma, I have expertise in treating single event and chronic trauma and the impacts of these experiences such as flashbacks, extreme emotional distress, reliving and unpleasant physical sensations. I also have significant experience in treating issues such as anxiety and low mood, feeling stuck and alone, and emptiness. I offer a compassionate and sensitive approach that takes account of your unique life story and provides the basis for meaningful change and resolution of your difficulties.
I’m a Registered Clinical Psychologist specialising in persistent mood difficulties and traumatic events (PTSD). With regards to trauma, I have expertise in treating single event and chronic trauma and the impacts of these experiences such as flashbacks, extreme emotional distress, reliving and unpleasant physical sensations. I also have significant experience in treating issues such as anxiety and low mood, feeling stuck and alone, and emptiness. I offer a compassionate and sensitive approach that takes account of your unique life story and provides the basis for meaningful change and resolution of your difficulties.
01922 664947 View 01922 664947
Photo of Jonathan Livingstone, MSc, GMBPsS, Psychologist
Jonathan Livingstone
Psychologist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
Oldbury B67
For individuals, therapies include REP to identify and resolve the biographical origins of problems; EMDR for PTSD; energy kinesiology; and hypnotherapy.
I have 26 years’ experience as a solution-focused therapist, psychologist and coach: helping couples to communicate effectively and let go of resentments; and helping individuals to overcome trauma, anxiety, childhood abuse, OCD, ADHD and other problems. I will help you to clarify your goals; identify what it is within you that is blocking achievement of your goals; find out where this comes from in your biography; and help you to process the experience to permanently resolve your problem. This person-centred therapy enables you fully to overcome your problem, not simply to understand or manage it, enabling swift transformation.
For individuals, therapies include REP to identify and resolve the biographical origins of problems; EMDR for PTSD; energy kinesiology; and hypnotherapy.
I have 26 years’ experience as a solution-focused therapist, psychologist and coach: helping couples to communicate effectively and let go of resentments; and helping individuals to overcome trauma, anxiety, childhood abuse, OCD, ADHD and other problems. I will help you to clarify your goals; identify what it is within you that is blocking achievement of your goals; find out where this comes from in your biography; and help you to process the experience to permanently resolve your problem. This person-centred therapy enables you fully to overcome your problem, not simply to understand or manage it, enabling swift transformation.
01562 543351 View 01562 543351
Photo of Lisa Smith, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Lisa Smith
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oldbury B68
I have experience working with Anxiety & Panic Attacks, Depression, Relationship Problems, Addiction, Fertility, Self-Harm, Bereavement, Anger, Eating Disorders, Domestic Violence, Childhood Trauma, PTSD, Work Related Stress, Personality Development/ Character Styles, Separation & Divorce, Suicidal ideation, Physical & Mental Abuse, Attachment, Retirement.
I am a humanistic and integrative counsellor & psychotherapist working within Birmingham and surrounding areas. My aim is to meet each person as an individual and where they are in life. Exploring with you what is happening, your feelings, which are stopping you from achieving all your hopes and dreams. I believe that under the right circumstances, we all have the ability to grow and flourish and my aim is to walk alongside you, supporting you to a greater understanding of yourself. Face to Face sessions are held at my centre on Pottery Road, online sessions are carried out through Cliniko Telehealth.
I have experience working with Anxiety & Panic Attacks, Depression, Relationship Problems, Addiction, Fertility, Self-Harm, Bereavement, Anger, Eating Disorders, Domestic Violence, Childhood Trauma, PTSD, Work Related Stress, Personality Development/ Character Styles, Separation & Divorce, Suicidal ideation, Physical & Mental Abuse, Attachment, Retirement.
I am a humanistic and integrative counsellor & psychotherapist working within Birmingham and surrounding areas. My aim is to meet each person as an individual and where they are in life. Exploring with you what is happening, your feelings, which are stopping you from achieving all your hopes and dreams. I believe that under the right circumstances, we all have the ability to grow and flourish and my aim is to walk alongside you, supporting you to a greater understanding of yourself. Face to Face sessions are held at my centre on Pottery Road, online sessions are carried out through Cliniko Telehealth.
0121 661 6967 View 0121 661 6967
Photo of undefined - Elizabeth Doggart Associates Ltd, PsychD, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Elizabeth Doggart Associates Ltd
Psychotherapist, PsychD, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Oldbury B67
EDA Associates are a team of highly experienced Counsellors and Psychotherapists providing a range of therapies to help with Anxiety, Depression, OCD, Low Self Esteem and all Trauma based issues including PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). Our therapists are qualified in CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy), EMDR (Eye Movement Desenistisation and Reprocessing) and Integrative Counselling. We work with Adults, Children and Adolescents. We see clients who self refer, as well as those who may have insurance such as BUPA or Aviva. We are always happy to discuss your counselling needs prior to your making an appointment.
EDA Associates are a team of highly experienced Counsellors and Psychotherapists providing a range of therapies to help with Anxiety, Depression, OCD, Low Self Esteem and all Trauma based issues including PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). Our therapists are qualified in CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy), EMDR (Eye Movement Desenistisation and Reprocessing) and Integrative Counselling. We work with Adults, Children and Adolescents. We see clients who self refer, as well as those who may have insurance such as BUPA or Aviva. We are always happy to discuss your counselling needs prior to your making an appointment.
0121 285 7990 View 0121 285 7990
Photo of undefined - Rabina Khaliq, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Rabina Khaliq
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Oldbury B68
I offer a Professional Counselling and Psychotherapy Service. If you are searching for a Therapist then it is likely that you are feeling some kind of emotional distress, dissatisfaction, emptiness or a lack of purpose. From time to time virtually everyone will experience life events that cause significant distress. These events maybe recent or may have occurred many years ago. Counselling and Psychotherapy are not only helpful for big traumatic life events but can also be beneficial when you are feeling ‘stuck’ or at a ‘cross roads’ point in your life.
I offer a Professional Counselling and Psychotherapy Service. If you are searching for a Therapist then it is likely that you are feeling some kind of emotional distress, dissatisfaction, emptiness or a lack of purpose. From time to time virtually everyone will experience life events that cause significant distress. These events maybe recent or may have occurred many years ago. Counselling and Psychotherapy are not only helpful for big traumatic life events but can also be beneficial when you are feeling ‘stuck’ or at a ‘cross roads’ point in your life.
0121 752 9068 View 0121 752 9068
Photo of Elizabeth Anne Van Rein, MNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
Elizabeth Anne Van Rein
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Oldbury B69
Elizabeth is an advanced accredited Psychotherapist, accredited Master Hypnotherapist and is a senior associate member of the Royal Society of Medicine. She specialises in abuse, trauma, identity disorders, disassociated amnesia, anxiety, stress, phobias, depression and suicidal thoughts.. Elizabeth has a keen interest in the relationship between Neuroscience and Psychotherapy, Hypnotherapy and our self belief systems and perceptions. She firmly believes that the advantages of counselling and psychotherapy give us a clear insight to the true essence of ourselves, unhindered by the fast pace of the modern environment.
Elizabeth is an advanced accredited Psychotherapist, accredited Master Hypnotherapist and is a senior associate member of the Royal Society of Medicine. She specialises in abuse, trauma, identity disorders, disassociated amnesia, anxiety, stress, phobias, depression and suicidal thoughts.. Elizabeth has a keen interest in the relationship between Neuroscience and Psychotherapy, Hypnotherapy and our self belief systems and perceptions. She firmly believes that the advantages of counselling and psychotherapy give us a clear insight to the true essence of ourselves, unhindered by the fast pace of the modern environment.
01554 701498 View 01554 701498
Photo of undefined - Turn The Tide Counselling with Karen Frances, MBACP, Counsellor
Turn The Tide Counselling with Karen Frances
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oldbury B68  (Online Only)
My name is Karen and I am a qualified therapeutic counsellor. I imagine you are here because something in your life is troubling you, holding you back and preventing you from feeling secure, happy and fulfilled. Please be reassured that it is perfectly normal at certain points in our life to face difficulties that can leave us feeling distressed, out of control and overwhelmed, resulting in us suffering mentally, emotionally and physically. You may want to look at the past, work on the present or question what matters to you and decide on goals for the future. We often struggle alone with our problems but you don't have to....
My name is Karen and I am a qualified therapeutic counsellor. I imagine you are here because something in your life is troubling you, holding you back and preventing you from feeling secure, happy and fulfilled. Please be reassured that it is perfectly normal at certain points in our life to face difficulties that can leave us feeling distressed, out of control and overwhelmed, resulting in us suffering mentally, emotionally and physically. You may want to look at the past, work on the present or question what matters to you and decide on goals for the future. We often struggle alone with our problems but you don't have to....
0121 387 0187 View 0121 387 0187
Photo of Julie Cooke, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Julie Cooke
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Oldbury B67
I am a Chartered Clinical Psychologist registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) and the British Psychological Society (BPS). Since qualifying, I have specialised in providing psychological therapy to adults with a range of emotional, behavioural or relational difficulties. I have recently completed extensive training in Experiential Dynamic Therapy. Through developing a safe place to explore and play within therapy, I have seen how making space for feelings can help people to lead enriching, fulfilled lives in which they can fully seek and follow their needs, desires and motivations.
I am a Chartered Clinical Psychologist registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) and the British Psychological Society (BPS). Since qualifying, I have specialised in providing psychological therapy to adults with a range of emotional, behavioural or relational difficulties. I have recently completed extensive training in Experiential Dynamic Therapy. Through developing a safe place to explore and play within therapy, I have seen how making space for feelings can help people to lead enriching, fulfilled lives in which they can fully seek and follow their needs, desires and motivations.
01487 801912 View 01487 801912
Photo of Daniel Bains, MBACP, Counsellor
Daniel Bains
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oldbury B68
We all deserve to be truly heard, seen and accepted for who we are. Without judgement, I’m here to support you through the process of therapy. Initially, we’ll work to unpack what has brought you here today. Whether that be feeling overwhelmed by anxious thoughts, feeling stuck in depression or learning to process difficult past experiences. It can be hard to manage these feelings alone. I’m here, to walk alongside you. To sit with you in the difficult moments. To support you in finding a way forward. To help you live a life that feels true to yourself.
We all deserve to be truly heard, seen and accepted for who we are. Without judgement, I’m here to support you through the process of therapy. Initially, we’ll work to unpack what has brought you here today. Whether that be feeling overwhelmed by anxious thoughts, feeling stuck in depression or learning to process difficult past experiences. It can be hard to manage these feelings alone. I’m here, to walk alongside you. To sit with you in the difficult moments. To support you in finding a way forward. To help you live a life that feels true to yourself.
0121 285 4116 View 0121 285 4116
Photo of Amita Shukla - Ast Psychotherapy, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Amita Shukla - Ast Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Oldbury B68  (Online Only)
Our life experiences and relationships with others can, at times, feel confusing, complex and painful. This can impact on our well-being and perhaps even the relationship we have with ourselves. I am passionate about helping, whether you are struggling, or have a need to feel connected with another. I offer a unique therapeutic relationship that I feel is a powerful experience, and an important part of the healing process. Whether you are experiencing difficulties with your mental health, struggling with a current situation or past experiences, or if you are wanting to grow and reach your full potential, I am here to support you.
Our life experiences and relationships with others can, at times, feel confusing, complex and painful. This can impact on our well-being and perhaps even the relationship we have with ourselves. I am passionate about helping, whether you are struggling, or have a need to feel connected with another. I offer a unique therapeutic relationship that I feel is a powerful experience, and an important part of the healing process. Whether you are experiencing difficulties with your mental health, struggling with a current situation or past experiences, or if you are wanting to grow and reach your full potential, I am here to support you.
0121 752 2692 View 0121 752 2692
Photo of Crystal Morrison, MA, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Crystal Morrison
Psychotherapist, MA, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oldbury B68
I am a dual qualified BABCP-accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist and registered Social Worker. I use evidence-based psychological approaches to support adults to learn simple, practical, and effective techniques to help them cope better and keep moving forwards. My methods are based on deep pool of scientific research into behavioural, cognitive, emotional, neurobiological, and evolutionary principles. I am also qualified as an EMDR Therapist. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy treatment that was originally designed to alleviate the distress associated with traumatic memories.
I am a dual qualified BABCP-accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist and registered Social Worker. I use evidence-based psychological approaches to support adults to learn simple, practical, and effective techniques to help them cope better and keep moving forwards. My methods are based on deep pool of scientific research into behavioural, cognitive, emotional, neurobiological, and evolutionary principles. I am also qualified as an EMDR Therapist. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy treatment that was originally designed to alleviate the distress associated with traumatic memories.
0121 661 2913 View 0121 661 2913
Photo of Anita Dosanjh, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Anita Dosanjh
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oldbury B68
I am a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist who offers face to face, telephone and video-based therapy. I have a PG Diploma in CBT and have trained in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy which allows me to utilise a combination of techniques most suited to individual needs. I work with both adults and young people aged 16 upwards. I am experienced at working with individuals who are struggling with low mood, depression and anxiety.
I am a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist who offers face to face, telephone and video-based therapy. I have a PG Diploma in CBT and have trained in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy which allows me to utilise a combination of techniques most suited to individual needs. I work with both adults and young people aged 16 upwards. I am experienced at working with individuals who are struggling with low mood, depression and anxiety.
0121 661 2686 View 0121 661 2686
Photo of undefined - Bridgewalk Counselling, BACP, Counsellor
Bridgewalk Counselling
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Oldbury B68
Well done for taking the first step to accessing support, alleviating some of the feelings of distress. This Is the hardest step and a daunting one, but hoping my profile encourages you to start your therapeutic journey. The integrative approach enables me to be responsive to your needs, to tailor the therapy to suit your specific concern. I am experienced in providing therapy to clients - suffering from complex and enduring mental health issues in difficult situations at times. I am well practiced in a wide range of skills, techniques and interventions to facilitate change, growth and to strengthen where there may be distress.
Well done for taking the first step to accessing support, alleviating some of the feelings of distress. This Is the hardest step and a daunting one, but hoping my profile encourages you to start your therapeutic journey. The integrative approach enables me to be responsive to your needs, to tailor the therapy to suit your specific concern. I am experienced in providing therapy to clients - suffering from complex and enduring mental health issues in difficult situations at times. I am well practiced in a wide range of skills, techniques and interventions to facilitate change, growth and to strengthen where there may be distress.
0121 752 2915 View 0121 752 2915
Photo of Lydia Ewins, MBACP, Counsellor
Lydia Ewins
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Oldbury B68
From time to time we can experience personal difficulties, crises, relationship and work-related problems that leave us finding it hard to cope, understand things and make decisions. I aim to help you to gain perspective about the issues troubling you; explore the causes of your problems and consider what might be stopping you from reaching your potential.
From time to time we can experience personal difficulties, crises, relationship and work-related problems that leave us finding it hard to cope, understand things and make decisions. I aim to help you to gain perspective about the issues troubling you; explore the causes of your problems and consider what might be stopping you from reaching your potential.
0121 726 1181 View 0121 726 1181

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of undefined - MindCalm Ltd, MRes, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
MindCalm Ltd
Psychotherapist, MRes, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Birmingham B16
I commonly work with clients with symptoms of PTSD and/or Eating Disorders. I also work with people with other anxiety disorders and depression. People accessing my support are often looking to come to terms with traumatic events, or may be looking to overcome issues they face with eating such as restricted eating, fear of weight gain or over eating. It may also be that clients are looking for more general stress management, worry management or to address a specific phobia. Overall, however, people are often accessing therapy to achieve a particular set of goals so that they can function better and be happier in themselves.
I commonly work with clients with symptoms of PTSD and/or Eating Disorders. I also work with people with other anxiety disorders and depression. People accessing my support are often looking to come to terms with traumatic events, or may be looking to overcome issues they face with eating such as restricted eating, fear of weight gain or over eating. It may also be that clients are looking for more general stress management, worry management or to address a specific phobia. Overall, however, people are often accessing therapy to achieve a particular set of goals so that they can function better and be happier in themselves.
0121 817 7969 View 0121 817 7969
Photo of Greg Nolan, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Greg Nolan
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Quinton B32
I am an experienced Psychotherapist and am accredited with the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP). I have been working in Mental Health services for the past 18 years. I began my career working in psychiatry, and for the past 10 years I have been working as a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist with people experiencing common mental health difficulties including anxiety disorders, depression, trauma (PTSD) and many other mental health issues. I am also a fully qualified Interpersonal Psychotherapist and a clinical supervisor.
I am an experienced Psychotherapist and am accredited with the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP). I have been working in Mental Health services for the past 18 years. I began my career working in psychiatry, and for the past 10 years I have been working as a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist with people experiencing common mental health difficulties including anxiety disorders, depression, trauma (PTSD) and many other mental health issues. I am also a fully qualified Interpersonal Psychotherapist and a clinical supervisor.
0121 817 7580 View 0121 817 7580
Photo of Laura Marsden, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Laura Marsden
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Birmingham B17
I understand how visible and hidden stresses also changing circumstances within our lives can often result in difficult experiences which impact on our mental and physical health. My experience is in working with adults and young people, individually on a range of presenting issues including trauma, trauma related issues or symptoms (such as PTSD), anxiety, depression, personality adaptations or disorders, as well as other mental health symptoms. In addition to this have experience of working with relationship issues, family issues, bereavement, grief and loss and also of working with neurodiversity within the therapeutic setting.
I understand how visible and hidden stresses also changing circumstances within our lives can often result in difficult experiences which impact on our mental and physical health. My experience is in working with adults and young people, individually on a range of presenting issues including trauma, trauma related issues or symptoms (such as PTSD), anxiety, depression, personality adaptations or disorders, as well as other mental health symptoms. In addition to this have experience of working with relationship issues, family issues, bereavement, grief and loss and also of working with neurodiversity within the therapeutic setting.
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Photo of Sandeep Kaur, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Sandeep Kaur
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Bromwich B71  (Online Only)
CBT is the recommended treatment for depression, anxiety, generalised anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), health anxiety, social anxiety and specific phobias (including agoraphobia and claustrophobia).
Online Therapy Only; I am currently working with clients on an online basis only via email, instant messaging, voice only and/or video. My approach to therapy is a collaborative one. You are the expert on you’re life and through the relationship built together we draw on your strengths and attributes. I am passionate about providing a space where you can be open, comfortable and feel validated. My aim is to support you to live the life you love to live, through healing, having healthy relationships, coping strategies and processing difficult emotions.
CBT is the recommended treatment for depression, anxiety, generalised anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), health anxiety, social anxiety and specific phobias (including agoraphobia and claustrophobia).
Online Therapy Only; I am currently working with clients on an online basis only via email, instant messaging, voice only and/or video. My approach to therapy is a collaborative one. You are the expert on you’re life and through the relationship built together we draw on your strengths and attributes. I am passionate about providing a space where you can be open, comfortable and feel validated. My aim is to support you to live the life you love to live, through healing, having healthy relationships, coping strategies and processing difficult emotions.
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Photo of Raj Bassi, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Raj Bassi
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Birmingham B17
I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) and have completed a degree in Psychology and primarily practice cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). I have over ten years experience of working within a range of NHS mental health services in London and the West Midlands in treating depression, anxiety disorders and trauma in adults and children by way of delivering effective treatment and providing evidence-based procedures.
I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) and have completed a degree in Psychology and primarily practice cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). I have over ten years experience of working within a range of NHS mental health services in London and the West Midlands in treating depression, anxiety disorders and trauma in adults and children by way of delivering effective treatment and providing evidence-based procedures.
0121 809 6158 View 0121 809 6158
Photo of Sian Allen, PsychD, HCPC - Forensic Psych., Psychologist
Sian Allen
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Forensic Psych.
Verified Verified
Birmingham B17
I am Dr Siân Allen, a Forensic Psychologist with over 18 years of experience working with adults and adolescents with moderate and complex mental health and emotional difficulties, including trauma, working alongside them to reduce their experience of distress and to promote mental wellbeing. I have significant experience working with people who are neurodivergent. I firmly believe that everyone deserves to live a life worth living and I work collaboratively and flexibly with people to help them to make sense of their experiences and to find a manageable way forward in line with their values.
I am Dr Siân Allen, a Forensic Psychologist with over 18 years of experience working with adults and adolescents with moderate and complex mental health and emotional difficulties, including trauma, working alongside them to reduce their experience of distress and to promote mental wellbeing. I have significant experience working with people who are neurodivergent. I firmly believe that everyone deserves to live a life worth living and I work collaboratively and flexibly with people to help them to make sense of their experiences and to find a manageable way forward in line with their values.
0121 387 3492 View 0121 387 3492

See more therapy options for Oldbury

Trauma and PTSD Counsellors

When should I seek treatment for trauma?

Not everyone who undergoes trauma needs therapy to heal, but many do. If, after experiencing a traumatic event, you find yourself struggling with symptoms such as nightmares, dissociation, irritability, or emotional numbness—especially if these symptoms last more than a month and are severe enough to interfere with your daily functioning—you may benefit from seeking out therapy with a trauma-informed provider.

How long does trauma therapy take?

Different types of therapy for trauma unfold on different timelines. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy, for example, each take about three months, while trauma-informed CBT may last anywhere from 8 to 25 sessions. Other approaches, especially those that are less structured or that incorporate elements from multiple modalities, may be more open-ended, though many patients report feeling better within the first few months of treatment.

What happens if trauma is left untreated?

Unaddressed trauma can have serious—even devastating—effects on relationships, career, and day-to-day functioning. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can lead people to distrust or lash out at others, making it difficult to maintain intimate relationships; it can also trigger symptoms such as flashbacks or hyperreactivity that can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively, personally and/or professionally. Some sufferers turn to drugs to find relief. Symptoms may lessen on their own with time, but there is no guarantee that PTSD will resolve on its own.

Can PTSD come back after treatment?

It is possible for PTSD symptoms to recur months or years after successful treatment. This is because, like most mental health disorders, it is not possible to “cure” PTSD, and stressful life events may cause symptoms to recur in even the most resilient individuals. There is no shame in re-experiencing PTSD symptoms nor in returning to therapy when such relapses occur; indeed, many forms of trauma therapy explicitly encourage periodic “maintenance sessions” to reinforce coping skills and ensure that symptoms stay manageable.