Bipolar Disorder Counselling in Nottingham

Photo of Christopher Morris, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Christopher Morris
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG1
Not accepting new clients
I have a great deal of experience or working with individuals who have Autism Spectrum Disorder as well as those living with varying mental health conditions such as Bipolar, OCD, and Borderline Personality Disorder.
Hello, I'm Christopher, a qualified and experienced Psychotherapist and Counsellor working with, Adults, Children & Young People and Couples in Mansfield and Nottinghamshire. As a Humanistic Psychotherapist and Counsellor, I believe that everyone has the capacity to achieve their fullest potential. Anyone who is struggling with a personal concern can seek counselling. No issue is too big or too small to ask for support. I believe therapy should be accessible to everyone, when they need it. Therefore, I work with clients of all ages, from 4 years old and upwards. Please email in the first instance.
I have a great deal of experience or working with individuals who have Autism Spectrum Disorder as well as those living with varying mental health conditions such as Bipolar, OCD, and Borderline Personality Disorder.
Hello, I'm Christopher, a qualified and experienced Psychotherapist and Counsellor working with, Adults, Children & Young People and Couples in Mansfield and Nottinghamshire. As a Humanistic Psychotherapist and Counsellor, I believe that everyone has the capacity to achieve their fullest potential. Anyone who is struggling with a personal concern can seek counselling. No issue is too big or too small to ask for support. I believe therapy should be accessible to everyone, when they need it. Therefore, I work with clients of all ages, from 4 years old and upwards. Please email in the first instance.
01623 392757 View 01623 392757
Photo of Rae Manoiret - Private Counselling Nottingham - RaeTalks , MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Private Counselling Nottingham - RaeTalks
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG1
An established senior psychotherapist with 25yrs experience. I'm here to say “What about you?” Im here to support you through difficult times.If you're feeling overwhelmed with big emotions, hurt, vulnerable, I offer an authentic and accepting space to breathe, be heard.Therapy is an opportunity to feel better and feel valued for being yourself. I'll bring the passion with a little humour and as we work together we'll explore meeting your needs using therapeutic goals to discover what makes you tick, to empower you to move towards a life of stability and contentment. It's possible to be at peace with all that's happened in your life
An established senior psychotherapist with 25yrs experience. I'm here to say “What about you?” Im here to support you through difficult times.If you're feeling overwhelmed with big emotions, hurt, vulnerable, I offer an authentic and accepting space to breathe, be heard.Therapy is an opportunity to feel better and feel valued for being yourself. I'll bring the passion with a little humour and as we work together we'll explore meeting your needs using therapeutic goals to discover what makes you tick, to empower you to move towards a life of stability and contentment. It's possible to be at peace with all that's happened in your life
01777 802574 View 01777 802574
Photo of Armel Wraight, MBACP Snr. Accred, Counsellor
Armel Wraight
Counsellor, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG9  (Online Only)
You may have been suffering for a while or perhaps something has happened recently to upset and disrupt your life. You need someone safe to turn to with your feelings, someone who is not going to judge you or feel burdened by your needs. You want to work things out and feel supported. Together we can explore, understand your situation, build on your strengths and increase your capacity and confidence.
You may have been suffering for a while or perhaps something has happened recently to upset and disrupt your life. You need someone safe to turn to with your feelings, someone who is not going to judge you or feel burdened by your needs. You want to work things out and feel supported. Together we can explore, understand your situation, build on your strengths and increase your capacity and confidence.
0115 697 1685 View 0115 697 1685
Photo of Laura Jane Griffin, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Laura Jane Griffin
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nottingham NG7
Finding the right therapist can be daunting – let’s start with what’s going on for you: Maybe you're having difficulties with your relationships or health? Feeling distressed by past experiences, or finding it hard to deal with current challenges? Perhaps you’re navigating a life transition, or you just feel stuck, stressed, anxious or unhappy? As a qualified, experienced psychotherapist, I work with a range of issues. I am here to help you gain a better understanding of yourself, the difficulties you’re facing, and how you can move forward with your life in the way that is right for you.
Finding the right therapist can be daunting – let’s start with what’s going on for you: Maybe you're having difficulties with your relationships or health? Feeling distressed by past experiences, or finding it hard to deal with current challenges? Perhaps you’re navigating a life transition, or you just feel stuck, stressed, anxious or unhappy? As a qualified, experienced psychotherapist, I work with a range of issues. I am here to help you gain a better understanding of yourself, the difficulties you’re facing, and how you can move forward with your life in the way that is right for you.
0115 647 4241 View 0115 647 4241
Photo of Kymm Stroud- Child Adult And Fertility Counsellor, MBACP, Counsellor
Kymm Stroud- Child Adult And Fertility Counsellor
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG1
I am a counsellor based in Nottingham, and I work with adults, children and young people, from ages 5 and upwards. I am one of the first counsellors in the UK to hold the Advanced Specialist Fertility Counselling Diploma and I am a member of the British Infertility Counselling Association. Clients seek me out for all sorts of reasons. Your issue might feel like a ball of wool - a jumble - you're not sure where the start is, or the end, or how it even got that way. Counselling is about feeling safe enough to express your feelings.
I am a counsellor based in Nottingham, and I work with adults, children and young people, from ages 5 and upwards. I am one of the first counsellors in the UK to hold the Advanced Specialist Fertility Counselling Diploma and I am a member of the British Infertility Counselling Association. Clients seek me out for all sorts of reasons. Your issue might feel like a ball of wool - a jumble - you're not sure where the start is, or the end, or how it even got that way. Counselling is about feeling safe enough to express your feelings.
0115 697 2040 View 0115 697 2040
Photo of Paul J. Gilbert, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Paul J. Gilbert
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG5
I am an experienced and highly qualified Psychotherapist and Counsellor. I offer Single-Session, Short-Term and Long-Term Therapy. I work with a wide range of problems such as Depression, Anxiety, Low Self-Esteem, Sadness, Loss, Relationship Issues, BPD, OCD, Anger, Feeling Lost, Domestic Violence, Trauma, Sexual Violence & Abuse etc. People can seek therapy when they are feeling vulnerable and experiencing a challenging time in their lives, often due to past experiences or events that are happening in the present time. I will help you to explore and understand your experience and find solutions together.
I am an experienced and highly qualified Psychotherapist and Counsellor. I offer Single-Session, Short-Term and Long-Term Therapy. I work with a wide range of problems such as Depression, Anxiety, Low Self-Esteem, Sadness, Loss, Relationship Issues, BPD, OCD, Anger, Feeling Lost, Domestic Violence, Trauma, Sexual Violence & Abuse etc. People can seek therapy when they are feeling vulnerable and experiencing a challenging time in their lives, often due to past experiences or events that are happening in the present time. I will help you to explore and understand your experience and find solutions together.
0115 671 3873 View 0115 671 3873
Photo of Rick Harrington, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Rick Harrington
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG9
I work with adults, couples, and adolescents, providing a non-judgmental space to work within and support you in therapy. I will help you explore and gain insights into your experiences and overcome difficult feelings and behaviours. How we communicate and form relationships in life are fundamental but often can be difficult and complex. How we feel about ourselves can be equally as complex, often challenged by feelings of not being good enough. Childhood experiences shape patterns of thinking, behaving, and feeling and may not work for us in adulthood, leading to struggles and unhappiness.
I work with adults, couples, and adolescents, providing a non-judgmental space to work within and support you in therapy. I will help you explore and gain insights into your experiences and overcome difficult feelings and behaviours. How we communicate and form relationships in life are fundamental but often can be difficult and complex. How we feel about ourselves can be equally as complex, often challenged by feelings of not being good enough. Childhood experiences shape patterns of thinking, behaving, and feeling and may not work for us in adulthood, leading to struggles and unhappiness.
07811 887744 View 07811 887744
Photo of Natalee Onyehe, MA, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Natalee Onyehe
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG6
I am an experienced, Tavistock NHS-trained Psychodynamic Psychotherapist working in Nottingham offering once or twice weekly therapy. I work with individuals who may be experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma and general life concerns. I specialise in trauma, sexual trauma, narcissistic behaviour, addiction, anxiety, depression, general low mood and weight-related issues. I work either on a short-term or open-ended basis and I offer an initial consultation with no further obligation. My consulting room has parking and a bus stop across the road.
I am an experienced, Tavistock NHS-trained Psychodynamic Psychotherapist working in Nottingham offering once or twice weekly therapy. I work with individuals who may be experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma and general life concerns. I specialise in trauma, sexual trauma, narcissistic behaviour, addiction, anxiety, depression, general low mood and weight-related issues. I work either on a short-term or open-ended basis and I offer an initial consultation with no further obligation. My consulting room has parking and a bus stop across the road.
0115 647 4529 View 0115 647 4529
Photo of Anna Symonds - Elysian Psychology, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Elysian Psychology
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nottingham NG2
The aim of Elysian Psychology is to relieve psychological distress & emotional pain by providing therapy for children, young people and adults which is individually tailored. We pride ourselves on the expertise of our specialist team of highly qualified Clinical Psychologists, alongside prompt & efficient customer service. We provide private psychological talking therapy online & in person in West Bridgford, Nottingham & Oakham, Rutland. We can assess and diagnose children & adults for both ASD (Autistic Spectrum Disorder) & ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) either online or in person.
The aim of Elysian Psychology is to relieve psychological distress & emotional pain by providing therapy for children, young people and adults which is individually tailored. We pride ourselves on the expertise of our specialist team of highly qualified Clinical Psychologists, alongside prompt & efficient customer service. We provide private psychological talking therapy online & in person in West Bridgford, Nottingham & Oakham, Rutland. We can assess and diagnose children & adults for both ASD (Autistic Spectrum Disorder) & ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) either online or in person.
0800 688 9937 View 0800 688 9937
Photo of Sandra Hussey - Ash-Tree Counselling Service, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Ash-Tree Counselling Service
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG5
I am a BACP registered counsellor. I am committed to providing a safe, confidential and non-judgmental space for clients to help explore issues that are troubling them. My experience includes working as a therapist for the NHS both in general mental health and counselling patients with chronic health issues. I also have specialised experience of working with depression, PTSD, couples counselling, family issues, bereavement, anxiety and suicidal clients. I have experience of delivering employee counselling for insurance companies. If change is what you desire then please get in touch.
I am a BACP registered counsellor. I am committed to providing a safe, confidential and non-judgmental space for clients to help explore issues that are troubling them. My experience includes working as a therapist for the NHS both in general mental health and counselling patients with chronic health issues. I also have specialised experience of working with depression, PTSD, couples counselling, family issues, bereavement, anxiety and suicidal clients. I have experience of delivering employee counselling for insurance companies. If change is what you desire then please get in touch.
0115 697 5863 View 0115 697 5863
Photo of Anne - Marie Gardiner, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Anne - Marie Gardiner
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG1
Thank you for taking the time to look at my profile, my guess is that you are reading this as you maybe currently struggling with issues/difficult life events which may feel like a heavy fog in which you can't see your way through. I'm here to offer a private, confidential and safe environment, without judgement in which you can talk openly to find different ways of thinking enabling you to gain clearer thoughts. I am respectful of all individuals life experiences as I have the understanding and experience to help you gain the most from our sessions. I have immediate availability so you can see me quickly, I offer a cuppa too.
Thank you for taking the time to look at my profile, my guess is that you are reading this as you maybe currently struggling with issues/difficult life events which may feel like a heavy fog in which you can't see your way through. I'm here to offer a private, confidential and safe environment, without judgement in which you can talk openly to find different ways of thinking enabling you to gain clearer thoughts. I am respectful of all individuals life experiences as I have the understanding and experience to help you gain the most from our sessions. I have immediate availability so you can see me quickly, I offer a cuppa too.
0115 697 1897 View 0115 697 1897
Photo of Dr Catrin Williams, PsychD, HCPC - Forensic Psych., Psychologist
Dr Catrin Williams
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Forensic Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nottingham NG8
Welcome to my profile - My name is Cat and I'm an expert in developmental trauma and personality difficulties. These can lead to a range of mental health needs that I can support you with (like anxiety, anger, risky behaviours, psychosis...) and also unhelpful coping behaviours, such as self-harm and suicidal thoughts, substance use, relationship struggles, and on. My approach is to understand the 'why', to get the root cause of difficult experiences so that we know how to improve it. We will work on identifying unhelpful coping strategies and replace these with healthy ones so we can work on developing the life that you want.
Welcome to my profile - My name is Cat and I'm an expert in developmental trauma and personality difficulties. These can lead to a range of mental health needs that I can support you with (like anxiety, anger, risky behaviours, psychosis...) and also unhelpful coping behaviours, such as self-harm and suicidal thoughts, substance use, relationship struggles, and on. My approach is to understand the 'why', to get the root cause of difficult experiences so that we know how to improve it. We will work on identifying unhelpful coping strategies and replace these with healthy ones so we can work on developing the life that you want.
01829 708150 View 01829 708150
Photo of Adele Gnandte, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Adele Gnandte
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG8  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Navigating the world of therapy can be overwhelming, but you don't have to do it alone. I'm Adele Gnandte, a trauma-informed Clinical Psychologist specialising in helping individuals find their way through emotional challenges. From shame and self-criticism to anxiety and depression, I'm here to guide you towards self-acceptance, inner peace, and emotional balance. As a passionate advocate for your well-being, I create a safe environment where you can explore all aspects of yourself. With a holistic and integrative therapeutic approach, I tailor evidence-based therapies to your unique needs, addressing both mind and body.
Navigating the world of therapy can be overwhelming, but you don't have to do it alone. I'm Adele Gnandte, a trauma-informed Clinical Psychologist specialising in helping individuals find their way through emotional challenges. From shame and self-criticism to anxiety and depression, I'm here to guide you towards self-acceptance, inner peace, and emotional balance. As a passionate advocate for your well-being, I create a safe environment where you can explore all aspects of yourself. With a holistic and integrative therapeutic approach, I tailor evidence-based therapies to your unique needs, addressing both mind and body.
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Photo of Jenna Ledward, BACP, Psychotherapist
Jenna Ledward
Psychotherapist, BACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG7  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I offer an open hearted, compassionate, and confidential therapeutic safe space, to support you through any emotional and mental dis-ease you may be facing. My aim is to work alongside you and act as your guide to support you through the process of any difficulties you maybe facing and your therapy journey. I understand the challenges of exploring your internal world and feelings, and the strength it takes to make positive change. I believe that feeling safe is imperative to being able to work together, and therefore offer an empathetic and non-judgemental space for you to feel heard and supported.
I offer an open hearted, compassionate, and confidential therapeutic safe space, to support you through any emotional and mental dis-ease you may be facing. My aim is to work alongside you and act as your guide to support you through the process of any difficulties you maybe facing and your therapy journey. I understand the challenges of exploring your internal world and feelings, and the strength it takes to make positive change. I believe that feeling safe is imperative to being able to work together, and therefore offer an empathetic and non-judgemental space for you to feel heard and supported.
01392 321597 View 01392 321597
Photo of Emily Louise Reeve - Emily Reeve Counselling Services, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Emily Reeve Counselling Services
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG5
I offer Counselling and Psychotherapy to individuals who are suffering from many different areas of difficulty. Counselling can help with a variety of issues including but not limited to: Abuse Anger Anxiety Childhood Difficulties Depression Eating disorders Family Problems Grief Self esteem Self harm Stress Trauma. Counselling can be short or long term as agreed between us. It may be easier to have a few sessions and assess whether you think it will be beneficial to you. This may be particulary useful and helpful if you have never accessed therapy before and it may help to calm some nerves.
I offer Counselling and Psychotherapy to individuals who are suffering from many different areas of difficulty. Counselling can help with a variety of issues including but not limited to: Abuse Anger Anxiety Childhood Difficulties Depression Eating disorders Family Problems Grief Self esteem Self harm Stress Trauma. Counselling can be short or long term as agreed between us. It may be easier to have a few sessions and assess whether you think it will be beneficial to you. This may be particulary useful and helpful if you have never accessed therapy before and it may help to calm some nerves.
0115 697 1369 View 0115 697 1369
Photo of Martin Biddle, MSc, MUKCP, Counsellor
Martin Biddle
Counsellor, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG9
My name is Martin and I am a UKCP & BACP registered psychotherapist and trainee supervisor who has worked with adults, young people, couples, university students, families and many others who are experiencing anxiety, relationship issues, depression, trauma, bereavement and loss and concerns about anger management or emotional regulation. Maybe you are feeling stressed-out or anxious or are struggling at work, college or university, or you are overthinking, having panic attacks or relationship issues? Or you need some sexual health counselling or you are a couple who need some support? Talk with me in a safe non-judgemental space.
My name is Martin and I am a UKCP & BACP registered psychotherapist and trainee supervisor who has worked with adults, young people, couples, university students, families and many others who are experiencing anxiety, relationship issues, depression, trauma, bereavement and loss and concerns about anger management or emotional regulation. Maybe you are feeling stressed-out or anxious or are struggling at work, college or university, or you are overthinking, having panic attacks or relationship issues? Or you need some sexual health counselling or you are a couple who need some support? Talk with me in a safe non-judgemental space.
0115 697 1230 View 0115 697 1230
Photo of Amy Gethings, MUKCP, Counsellor
Amy Gethings
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG2
As well as my busy private practice, I have over 20 years’ experience of working with those in the caring professions & counselling the homeless. I use connection & empathy to help you with your personal development and relationships. We can address anxiety, toxic stress, addictions, low mood, identity, confidence and spirituality. For too long, you have put your quality of life on hold for other people or your working life. For too long you have tried to stay strong. But the body & mind can only take so much. It's time to improve your overall health, build resilience and set healthy boundaries.
As well as my busy private practice, I have over 20 years’ experience of working with those in the caring professions & counselling the homeless. I use connection & empathy to help you with your personal development and relationships. We can address anxiety, toxic stress, addictions, low mood, identity, confidence and spirituality. For too long, you have put your quality of life on hold for other people or your working life. For too long you have tried to stay strong. But the body & mind can only take so much. It's time to improve your overall health, build resilience and set healthy boundaries.
01777 802572 View 01777 802572
Photo of Louise Parr, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Louise Parr
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nottingham NG5
My aim as a therapist is to focus on finding a flexible way for everyone to access therapy. Having previously worked shifts I am aware of the difficulties of having a busy life that does not fit into the average 9-5 template and how this can make accessing weekly appointments difficult. I struggled to find my therapist when I was working shifts and I would like to offer my clients a different way of working, booking sessions week by week. This takes away the commitment of attending at the same time and date.
My aim as a therapist is to focus on finding a flexible way for everyone to access therapy. Having previously worked shifts I am aware of the difficulties of having a busy life that does not fit into the average 9-5 template and how this can make accessing weekly appointments difficult. I struggled to find my therapist when I was working shifts and I would like to offer my clients a different way of working, booking sessions week by week. This takes away the commitment of attending at the same time and date.
0115 647 4335 View 0115 647 4335
Photo of Layla Johnstone, MA, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Layla Johnstone
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nottingham NG5
Hi, my name is Layla. I am a qualified and registered Person-Centred therapist. I am passionate about helping others and assisting them in finding their innate worth and value. Working through challenging life experiences myself, I have become aware that growth is possible, although it may not feel like it when feeling lost or stuck. I aim to facilitate change by assisting my clients in finding new ways to grow and develop by understanding themselves and their behaviours. The therapeutic relationship is important to me. I create a warm, trusting, and confidential environment where you will feel heard, seen, and understood.
Hi, my name is Layla. I am a qualified and registered Person-Centred therapist. I am passionate about helping others and assisting them in finding their innate worth and value. Working through challenging life experiences myself, I have become aware that growth is possible, although it may not feel like it when feeling lost or stuck. I aim to facilitate change by assisting my clients in finding new ways to grow and develop by understanding themselves and their behaviours. The therapeutic relationship is important to me. I create a warm, trusting, and confidential environment where you will feel heard, seen, and understood.
0115 647 4079 View 0115 647 4079
Photo of Dr Charlie Tyack, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Charlie Tyack
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Nottingham NG1
Hi, I'm looking forward to hearing from you! I want to hear your concerns and support you to work towards the things that are most important in your life. I feel that therapy should happen in a friendly, nurturing space in which you feel safe and comfortable to bring anything you want to talk about and work on. I usually suggest exercises and other resources to complete in between sessions in order to keep the work progressing. As an Accredited EMDR Therapist as well as a clinical psychologist, I am able to use the therapy approach most appropriate for your concerns.
Hi, I'm looking forward to hearing from you! I want to hear your concerns and support you to work towards the things that are most important in your life. I feel that therapy should happen in a friendly, nurturing space in which you feel safe and comfortable to bring anything you want to talk about and work on. I usually suggest exercises and other resources to complete in between sessions in order to keep the work progressing. As an Accredited EMDR Therapist as well as a clinical psychologist, I am able to use the therapy approach most appropriate for your concerns.
0115 697 2259 View 0115 697 2259
1

See more therapy options for Nottingham

Bipolar Disorder Counsellors

What is the most successful approach to treating bipolar disorder?

Living with bipolar disorder can be challenging, and a number of therapies have been found effective in providing support to patients as they gain the skills to understand and manage the disorder. Family-focused therapy is often helpful for children and teens (the majority of cases develop before age 19); it aims to minimize mood cycling by improving family communication and reducing conflict. It also helps young people navigate the developmental challenges the disorder can create. Cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT) and variants such as Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)help patients manage the thoughts and feelings that influence bipolar mood swings as well as develop specific behavioral strategies to counteract them.

What happens in therapy for bipolar disorder?

Because the patterns of mood switching and its triggers differ for each person and can change over time, mood tracking or monitoring becomes a basic way patients learn about the nature of their condition. One of the most common features of therapy is finding a workable method of mood monitoring, in which patients track their daily activities and rate their moods, then use the findings to adjust routines accordingly. Patients learn ways of handling the many stresses that arise in life so that they do not trigger mood swings.

What kinds of problems does therapy help with?

Like many other mental health disorders, BPD is heavily influenced by stress; therapy provides skills for coping with stressors of all kinds. Therapy is extremely important for helping individuals identify the situations that may trigger mood switching, so that mood swings can be prevented. Therapy may especially target recognition of the early stages of mood change so that they can be managed. In addition, therapy helps patients deal with the significant amount of turbulence the disorder can create in relationships and in work life.

What is the goal of therapy for bipolar disorder?

Therapy helps patients set up their lives to maintain stability so that their mood isn’t constantly threatened by daily events. Perhaps the first task of therapy is to educate people about the nature of the disorder. At the same time, a primary goal of therapy is to enhance adherence to drug treatment. Extended periods of mood stability can prompt patients to discontinue medication, triggering relapse, while the early phases of manic episodes can feel so energizing that patients stop medication, ushering in full-blown mania and the altered self-perception that can lead to destructive behaviors. Another major goal of therapy is to understand one’s mood patterns so as to minimize both the frequency and intensity of mood cycling.