Counselling in Norwich

Photo of Suzy Thacker, Counsellor in Norwich, England
Suzy Thacker
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
Many of my clients talk about how counselling allows them to discuss things with someone who is not directly affected, and who will offer a safe place in which to do it. It can provide people the chance to really reflect on how they, themselves are feeling, away from the life and expectations that they experience with others around them. Whatever your reason for reaching out, well done for making this step and I hope that I can be of help :)
Many of my clients talk about how counselling allows them to discuss things with someone who is not directly affected, and who will offer a safe place in which to do it. It can provide people the chance to really reflect on how they, themselves are feeling, away from the life and expectations that they experience with others around them. Whatever your reason for reaching out, well done for making this step and I hope that I can be of help :)
01603 361805 View 01603 361805
Photo of June Webb, Psychotherapist in Norwich, England
June Webb
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
If you are searching for a safe space to be with what is around for you right now, I can help you. You may be feeling stuck, facing important life decisions. You may be struggling with a relationship. There might be a lot of pressure around. Perhaps you have lost a sense of who you are. Life might have lost a little direction. You may be facing an enforced or welcome change or transition in your life. Maybe you are looking for a little support with someone you can trust. Something might need healing. You are strong and capable and also there is a part needing some compassion and care.
If you are searching for a safe space to be with what is around for you right now, I can help you. You may be feeling stuck, facing important life decisions. You may be struggling with a relationship. There might be a lot of pressure around. Perhaps you have lost a sense of who you are. Life might have lost a little direction. You may be facing an enforced or welcome change or transition in your life. Maybe you are looking for a little support with someone you can trust. Something might need healing. You are strong and capable and also there is a part needing some compassion and care.
01603 984386 View 01603 984386
Photo of Dr Jasmine Maydom, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Dr Jasmine Maydom
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwich NR7  (Online Only)
When we experience difficult events in our life, from obvious traumas (e.g., childhood abuse or neglect) to stressful life events (e.g., moving house, relationship break-downs), we do what we have to do to survive. We learn specific ways of being, and develop ideas about ourselves and others that help us to feel safe. This is our brain and nervous system doing the best job it can. However, often these patterns of thinking and behaviour remain long after the danger has passed, and we find that they are no longer serving us.
When we experience difficult events in our life, from obvious traumas (e.g., childhood abuse or neglect) to stressful life events (e.g., moving house, relationship break-downs), we do what we have to do to survive. We learn specific ways of being, and develop ideas about ourselves and others that help us to feel safe. This is our brain and nervous system doing the best job it can. However, often these patterns of thinking and behaviour remain long after the danger has passed, and we find that they are no longer serving us.
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Photo of John Jackson, Counsellor in Norwich, England
John Jackson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR12
I am a person-centred counsellor working in north-east Norfolk and Norwich. I offer face to face, online, and walking sessions. If you want to talk confidentially and safely to someone who is really listening, then counselling can help. I can help with trauma from past experiences, feelings of sadness, low self-worth, worries and fears, relationship concerns, or just unsettling thoughts and feelings that may be difficult to put into words. In addition to private practice, I currently work as a Counsellor at The Norwich Centre, and I have previously worked for Mind, and as a Samaritans volunteer.
I am a person-centred counsellor working in north-east Norfolk and Norwich. I offer face to face, online, and walking sessions. If you want to talk confidentially and safely to someone who is really listening, then counselling can help. I can help with trauma from past experiences, feelings of sadness, low self-worth, worries and fears, relationship concerns, or just unsettling thoughts and feelings that may be difficult to put into words. In addition to private practice, I currently work as a Counsellor at The Norwich Centre, and I have previously worked for Mind, and as a Samaritans volunteer.
01692 660111 View 01692 660111
Photo of Enrichment Counselling, Counsellor in Norwich, England
Enrichment Counselling
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I think that there can be a misconception that counselling is there to “fix” people, for me “fix” is not the appropriate word as it can cause people to think there is something wrong with them. I like to think of counselling as a safe non-judgmental space for you to explore what is causing you difficulties at this current time. Counselling is led by you and I can support you through understanding your thoughts and feelings, helping you to process and understand what is happening. I like to think of counselling as a space to help you understand you better, because you are the best tool to help you move forward.
I think that there can be a misconception that counselling is there to “fix” people, for me “fix” is not the appropriate word as it can cause people to think there is something wrong with them. I like to think of counselling as a safe non-judgmental space for you to explore what is causing you difficulties at this current time. Counselling is led by you and I can support you through understanding your thoughts and feelings, helping you to process and understand what is happening. I like to think of counselling as a space to help you understand you better, because you are the best tool to help you move forward.
01603 361515 View 01603 361515
Photo of Kaori King, Counsellor in Norwich, England
Kaori King
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norwich NR1
Life can be complex. Feelings of anxiety, loneliness, depression, loss, trauma, and other challenges may arise. Whether you're grappling with identity, life direction, or family issues, I offer a space where we can examine these issues together. In our work, I offer a relational partnership characterised by collaboration, openness, and honesty. This partnership is essential to our journey of exploration and understanding. Through compassionate dialogue, you can delve into aspects of yourself and your relationships that may be difficult to address in day to day life.
Life can be complex. Feelings of anxiety, loneliness, depression, loss, trauma, and other challenges may arise. Whether you're grappling with identity, life direction, or family issues, I offer a space where we can examine these issues together. In our work, I offer a relational partnership characterised by collaboration, openness, and honesty. This partnership is essential to our journey of exploration and understanding. Through compassionate dialogue, you can delve into aspects of yourself and your relationships that may be difficult to address in day to day life.
01603 980274 View 01603 980274
Photo of Rejig Solutions, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Rejig Solutions
Psychologist, PsychD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Norwich NR15
Are you struggling with issues related to pain, sleep, stress, psychological impacts of chronic illness including COVID, trauma, anxiety or major life changes? There comes a time when we might need some help from a professional to help cope with many of life’s challenges. I’m a HCPC Registered Practitioner Psychologist (Health Psychologist) and Chartered Psychologist in Norfolk, and I’d love to help you on your journey towards feeling better about yourself, behaviour change, lifestyle modification and self-discovery.
Are you struggling with issues related to pain, sleep, stress, psychological impacts of chronic illness including COVID, trauma, anxiety or major life changes? There comes a time when we might need some help from a professional to help cope with many of life’s challenges. I’m a HCPC Registered Practitioner Psychologist (Health Psychologist) and Chartered Psychologist in Norfolk, and I’d love to help you on your journey towards feeling better about yourself, behaviour change, lifestyle modification and self-discovery.
01508 505233 View 01508 505233
Photo of Naomi Forkes, Psychotherapist in Norwich, England
Naomi Forkes
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Norwich NR2
I offer a space where old ways of thinking and feeling can be examined, challenged and understood, perhaps old patterns of behaviour no longer serve you? Are relationships becoming destructive? Does your current lifestyle need consideration? Are your boundaries constantly being broken? You may have suffered a loss or a life changing event and need support and space to unpick and understand. Whatever your therapeutic needs, even if we don't yet know what change might look like, I know it can feel scary. Counselling is a fluid and ever evolving process of internal learning, but always focused on what you bring to therapy.
I offer a space where old ways of thinking and feeling can be examined, challenged and understood, perhaps old patterns of behaviour no longer serve you? Are relationships becoming destructive? Does your current lifestyle need consideration? Are your boundaries constantly being broken? You may have suffered a loss or a life changing event and need support and space to unpick and understand. Whatever your therapeutic needs, even if we don't yet know what change might look like, I know it can feel scary. Counselling is a fluid and ever evolving process of internal learning, but always focused on what you bring to therapy.
01603 361212 View 01603 361212
Photo of Sonya Dunsdon, Counsellor in Norwich, England
Sonya Dunsdon
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I offer a pragmatic and focused approach to Counselling. Drawing on a range of therapies I provide a confidential and non-judgemental space in which to understand yourself and your feelings more deeply. Working together we can explore how your past may be influencing your present thoughts, feelings and behaviours. From this process new perspectives and new possibilities for change can emerge. Counselling is a personal experience that will be unique to you. I specialise in effective short-term work as well as longer exploratory counselling.
I offer a pragmatic and focused approach to Counselling. Drawing on a range of therapies I provide a confidential and non-judgemental space in which to understand yourself and your feelings more deeply. Working together we can explore how your past may be influencing your present thoughts, feelings and behaviours. From this process new perspectives and new possibilities for change can emerge. Counselling is a personal experience that will be unique to you. I specialise in effective short-term work as well as longer exploratory counselling.
01603 340402 View 01603 340402
Photo of Benedetta Gattari, Counsellor in Norwich, England
Benedetta Gattari
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Norwich NR7
My name is Benedetta, but everyone calls me Bene. I believe therapy is a personal journey of self discovery and acceptance of yourself as a whole. Therapy is a powerful and transformative process. My aim is to help you understand yourself better, walking alongside you and offering guidance in finding your own ways to navigate your mental health journey. I believe you can become empowered to find tools for self healing, find resilience and develop self-trust and acceptance for yourself. I believe that we all have the tools within us to find our way through life's challenges.
My name is Benedetta, but everyone calls me Bene. I believe therapy is a personal journey of self discovery and acceptance of yourself as a whole. Therapy is a powerful and transformative process. My aim is to help you understand yourself better, walking alongside you and offering guidance in finding your own ways to navigate your mental health journey. I believe you can become empowered to find tools for self healing, find resilience and develop self-trust and acceptance for yourself. I believe that we all have the tools within us to find our way through life's challenges.
01603 361500 View 01603 361500
Photo of david Waterman, Psychotherapist in Norwich, England
david Waterman
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR10
Clients bring a variety of presenting issues like depression, anxiety and grief. They also bring issues related to anger or passivity or trust. They often feel their lives lack meaning or they find themselves lost and need some time and space to re-orientate. Many of my clients are tipped into therapy because of a relationship breakdown or challenge as this can be a major catalyst for change. Other longer-term clients are struggling with a path into mid life and have reached a stage where they can no longer put off changes they somehow know are destined to come.
Clients bring a variety of presenting issues like depression, anxiety and grief. They also bring issues related to anger or passivity or trust. They often feel their lives lack meaning or they find themselves lost and need some time and space to re-orientate. Many of my clients are tipped into therapy because of a relationship breakdown or challenge as this can be a major catalyst for change. Other longer-term clients are struggling with a path into mid life and have reached a stage where they can no longer put off changes they somehow know are destined to come.
01603 361987 View 01603 361987
Photo of Sam Tawn, Counsellor in Norwich, England
Sam Tawn
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwich NR2  (Online Only)
Working and being trained in the Person-Centred approach (PCA), means offering and holding a space of understanding, acceptance and authenticity, that is ultimately led by you. It's an approach that I feel attuned to due to it’s philosophy, its attempts to address power and how it can facilitate people in their process and journey of change, whatever that may be. My counselling is based on a relationship where we work together but you decide what we talk about and the direction of the therapy.
Working and being trained in the Person-Centred approach (PCA), means offering and holding a space of understanding, acceptance and authenticity, that is ultimately led by you. It's an approach that I feel attuned to due to it’s philosophy, its attempts to address power and how it can facilitate people in their process and journey of change, whatever that may be. My counselling is based on a relationship where we work together but you decide what we talk about and the direction of the therapy.
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Photo of Zest Wellbeing and Counselling, Psychotherapist in Norwich, England
Zest Wellbeing and Counselling
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
Coming to counselling is often the first step in your journey for positive change. There are different ways we can approach sessions; from different approaches to therapy and finding a way that is right for you. Everyone is different and therefore, with my pluralistic approach, we can explore different ways that are right by you, guided by how you are each session.
Coming to counselling is often the first step in your journey for positive change. There are different ways we can approach sessions; from different approaches to therapy and finding a way that is right for you. Everyone is different and therefore, with my pluralistic approach, we can explore different ways that are right by you, guided by how you are each session.
01603 567948 View 01603 567948
Photo of Dr Dorothy Szinay, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Dr Dorothy Szinay
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Norwich NR9  (Online Only)
You may feel stuck, in need of healing, struggling to find effective coping strategies, dealing with a long-term health condition, or navigating the emotional challenges of ADHD or Autism. You are not alone. Together, we can explore the best ways you can handle difficulties. I use an integrative approach as I believe in using a diverse range of strategies and interventions to support unique needs. In our sessions, I create a warm, non-judgemental and inviting space. My aim is to create a supportive environment for everyone.
You may feel stuck, in need of healing, struggling to find effective coping strategies, dealing with a long-term health condition, or navigating the emotional challenges of ADHD or Autism. You are not alone. Together, we can explore the best ways you can handle difficulties. I use an integrative approach as I believe in using a diverse range of strategies and interventions to support unique needs. In our sessions, I create a warm, non-judgemental and inviting space. My aim is to create a supportive environment for everyone.
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Photo of Nicholas James Rout, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Nicholas James Rout
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR10  (Online Only)
I work closely with you as an individual by employing psychological approaches that are relevant to your needs. Such an approach ensures the development of an effective therapeutic relationship with you and represents a responsive form of practice. You are core to my practice, I draw from your own autonomy and treat everyone I engage with, with the dignity and respect they deserve. In adopting an ethical and empathic approach I place you at the centre of any work that is engaged in.
I work closely with you as an individual by employing psychological approaches that are relevant to your needs. Such an approach ensures the development of an effective therapeutic relationship with you and represents a responsive form of practice. You are core to my practice, I draw from your own autonomy and treat everyone I engage with, with the dignity and respect they deserve. In adopting an ethical and empathic approach I place you at the centre of any work that is engaged in.
01603 361905 View 01603 361905
Photo of Alistair Cormack, Psychotherapist in Norwich, England
Alistair Cormack
Psychotherapist, PhD, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
People seek therapy for many different reasons. It can be to unblock creativity, or to explore the past. Some people come because they are experiencing difficult or unwanted feelings, such as anxiety or sadness. Some suffer from symptoms such as sleeplessness that are connected to their feelings. Whatever brings you to therapy, the psychoanalytic approaches I offer can deepen your understanding. I do not charge for the initial session, which is a chance for us to get to know one another and see if we can work well together. Please visit www.alistaircormacktherapy.com and contact me using the form you find there or give me a call.
People seek therapy for many different reasons. It can be to unblock creativity, or to explore the past. Some people come because they are experiencing difficult or unwanted feelings, such as anxiety or sadness. Some suffer from symptoms such as sleeplessness that are connected to their feelings. Whatever brings you to therapy, the psychoanalytic approaches I offer can deepen your understanding. I do not charge for the initial session, which is a chance for us to get to know one another and see if we can work well together. Please visit www.alistaircormacktherapy.com and contact me using the form you find there or give me a call.
01603 361479 View 01603 361479
Photo of Dr Isabelle Straw, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Dr Isabelle Straw
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I primarily work with adults experiencing anxiety disorders, depression and chronic health symptoms such as chronic pain, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia and IBS. Mainstream medicine is only beginning to recognise the powerful role of the brain in the development of chronic pain, anxiety, and depression, but decades of research and clinical experience have demonstrated its pivotal role in recovery. This gap between research and practice leaves patients cycling through traditional symptom-management treatments that often do not bring relief.
I primarily work with adults experiencing anxiety disorders, depression and chronic health symptoms such as chronic pain, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia and IBS. Mainstream medicine is only beginning to recognise the powerful role of the brain in the development of chronic pain, anxiety, and depression, but decades of research and clinical experience have demonstrated its pivotal role in recovery. This gap between research and practice leaves patients cycling through traditional symptom-management treatments that often do not bring relief.
01508 505540 View 01508 505540
Photo of Dr Amie Curtis, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Dr Amie Curtis
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR6  (Online Only)
Choosing the right psychologist from a photo and a few words is super hard. The relationship between you and your therapist is the most important predictor of you creating change. Feel free to give me a call to see if you feel a connection to me. I am a Chartered Clinical Psychologist with 11 years of experience working with adults and adolescence with psychological distress. I am the co-founder of The Norwich Psychology Project and I am also employed by the NHS as a Principal Clinical Psychologist. I am trained to use a range of therapeutic approaches and have loads of experience working with differing and complex presentations.
Choosing the right psychologist from a photo and a few words is super hard. The relationship between you and your therapist is the most important predictor of you creating change. Feel free to give me a call to see if you feel a connection to me. I am a Chartered Clinical Psychologist with 11 years of experience working with adults and adolescence with psychological distress. I am the co-founder of The Norwich Psychology Project and I am also employed by the NHS as a Principal Clinical Psychologist. I am trained to use a range of therapeutic approaches and have loads of experience working with differing and complex presentations.
01603 537550 View 01603 537550
Photo of Lynda Mia Thompson, Psychotherapist in Norwich, England
Lynda Mia Thompson
Psychotherapist, PhD, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
Waitlist for new clients
I have many years experience working in public and private sectors with a wide range of people. I am trained in a variety of approaches, for instance CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy), Solution-Focused, Mindfulness, Psychosynthesis, Compassion-Focused Therapy for Trauma, and Systemic Therapy for couples and families. My aim is to identify what will make your therapy most worthwhile whether short or longer term, how to reach for desired goals, improve your relationships and build self-esteem and confidence. My PhD is Critical and Creative Writing (UEA, 1997) and I am a published author. Website: lyndamiathompsonwriting.com
I have many years experience working in public and private sectors with a wide range of people. I am trained in a variety of approaches, for instance CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy), Solution-Focused, Mindfulness, Psychosynthesis, Compassion-Focused Therapy for Trauma, and Systemic Therapy for couples and families. My aim is to identify what will make your therapy most worthwhile whether short or longer term, how to reach for desired goals, improve your relationships and build self-esteem and confidence. My PhD is Critical and Creative Writing (UEA, 1997) and I am a published author. Website: lyndamiathompsonwriting.com
01603 578915 View 01603 578915
Photo of Dr Louise Walker, Psychologist in Norwich, England
Dr Louise Walker
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR9
I am a Clinical Psychologist with 15 years’ experience working in mental health services with adults, young people, children, and families. Over that time, I have gained experience of working effectively and collaboratively with people with a wide range of emotional and behavioural challenges, and I have a specialism in all types of trauma. I am an integrative therapist, drawing upon principles from a range of models including EMDR, CBT, DBT skills, systemic and behaviourist approaches, and attachment theory. I have experience and knowledge of working alongside people who are also neurodiverse (specifically, ADHD and ASD).
I am a Clinical Psychologist with 15 years’ experience working in mental health services with adults, young people, children, and families. Over that time, I have gained experience of working effectively and collaboratively with people with a wide range of emotional and behavioural challenges, and I have a specialism in all types of trauma. I am an integrative therapist, drawing upon principles from a range of models including EMDR, CBT, DBT skills, systemic and behaviourist approaches, and attachment theory. I have experience and knowledge of working alongside people who are also neurodiverse (specifically, ADHD and ASD).
0115 647 4779 View 0115 647 4779

See more therapy options for Norwich

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Norwich

100+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in Norwich who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
86% Depression
84% Self Esteem
81% Relationship Issues
80% Stress
75% Trauma and PTSD
61% Bereavement

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% Aviva
59% AXA PPP
46% Bupa

How Counsellors in Norwich see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Norwich?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.