Counselling in Midsomer Norton

Photo of Laura Slaughter, MA, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Laura Slaughter
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Midsomer Norton BA3
Therapy offers insight and understanding helping you work towards an awareness of the self. It gives the opportunity to discover inbuilt defence mechanisms that perhaps no longer serve the person you have become as a result of the traumas we all experience in life. Counselling can be a quiet, safe space to breathe and think about your life. Who you are, where you are going and what you wish to gain. It can be a space to grieve the losses you have experienced in your life and the changes that happen throughout your life.
Therapy offers insight and understanding helping you work towards an awareness of the self. It gives the opportunity to discover inbuilt defence mechanisms that perhaps no longer serve the person you have become as a result of the traumas we all experience in life. Counselling can be a quiet, safe space to breathe and think about your life. Who you are, where you are going and what you wish to gain. It can be a space to grieve the losses you have experienced in your life and the changes that happen throughout your life.
01761 258289 View 01761 258289
Photo of Ana Corral, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Ana Corral
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Midsomer Norton BA3
I wanted to give you a warm welcome and acknowledge your effort in taking this first step. It is not easy to start therapy; overcoming any fear you may feel, where to search, which therapist to choose… I would like to invite you to stop for a moment. Close your eyes slowly. Take a deep breath. How do you feel? Where in your body do you feel it? Sometimes life presents us with difficulties that can leave our world upside down. We can end up feeling anxious, depressed, angry, frustrated… Sometimes we just experience a lack of meaning and can’t connect with the life force that makes us feel alive.
I wanted to give you a warm welcome and acknowledge your effort in taking this first step. It is not easy to start therapy; overcoming any fear you may feel, where to search, which therapist to choose… I would like to invite you to stop for a moment. Close your eyes slowly. Take a deep breath. How do you feel? Where in your body do you feel it? Sometimes life presents us with difficulties that can leave our world upside down. We can end up feeling anxious, depressed, angry, frustrated… Sometimes we just experience a lack of meaning and can’t connect with the life force that makes us feel alive.
01275 402946 View 01275 402946

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jacqueline Bailey, PhD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Jacqueline Bailey
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
I am a health psychologist working as a CBT therapist. Please see my website resolvingpain.co.uk for more information. Or you can email me: jacqueline@resolvingpain.co.uk During these times I can offer therapy via Skype and Zoom too if necessary.
I am a health psychologist working as a CBT therapist. Please see my website resolvingpain.co.uk for more information. Or you can email me: jacqueline@resolvingpain.co.uk During these times I can offer therapy via Skype and Zoom too if necessary.
01225 985387 View 01225 985387
Photo of Craig Philip Smith, MBACP, Counsellor
Craig Philip Smith
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bath BA2  (Online Only)
I can work with you around family issues, teen problems, child behaviour, ASC issues, illness and disability. I will support, collaborate and try to make sense of what is going on. All things eventually pass - I will offer to weather the storm with you. I won’t be judging you or not taking you seriously. We will work together - and it will be work - but we will also aim to have fun and be creative in our work.
I can work with you around family issues, teen problems, child behaviour, ASC issues, illness and disability. I will support, collaborate and try to make sense of what is going on. All things eventually pass - I will offer to weather the storm with you. I won’t be judging you or not taking you seriously. We will work together - and it will be work - but we will also aim to have fun and be creative in our work.
01225 541093 View 01225 541093
Photo of Helen Sanderson-Davies, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Helen Sanderson-Davies
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bath BA3  (Online Only)
If you are like most people, you are probably considering therapy because you want to change something. This might be the way you feel or behave; it might be how you believe other people see you, or how you see yourself. It might be things you think about or dwell upon, or the way you get on (or don’t) with others. Whatever it is, individual therapy provides a space to talk about what it is you want to change and to learn how to bring that change about. A space that is safe, confidential and non-judgemental. As your therapist I see myself as someone who can support you on all aspects of your life journey.
If you are like most people, you are probably considering therapy because you want to change something. This might be the way you feel or behave; it might be how you believe other people see you, or how you see yourself. It might be things you think about or dwell upon, or the way you get on (or don’t) with others. Whatever it is, individual therapy provides a space to talk about what it is you want to change and to learn how to bring that change about. A space that is safe, confidential and non-judgemental. As your therapist I see myself as someone who can support you on all aspects of your life journey.
01225 434432 View 01225 434432
Photo of Hannah Byrne - Sapling CBT (cbt, emdr, btti for tics) , MSc
Sapling CBT (cbt, emdr, btti for tics)
MSc
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
Thank you for taking the time to view my profile. I am a specialist Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist. My professional background is Educational Psychology, trauma and attachment therapy with 18 years experience supporting families. I help people aged 8- 24 who have experienced trauma, anxiety, low mood tics and care experienced young people. We will work together to build a bespoke treatment plan, I believe we all have the potential for positive wellbeing, I will work with you to uncover what this means to you. Weekly clinic held in Bath and Bristol and online.
Thank you for taking the time to view my profile. I am a specialist Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist. My professional background is Educational Psychology, trauma and attachment therapy with 18 years experience supporting families. I help people aged 8- 24 who have experienced trauma, anxiety, low mood tics and care experienced young people. We will work together to build a bespoke treatment plan, I believe we all have the potential for positive wellbeing, I will work with you to uncover what this means to you. Weekly clinic held in Bath and Bristol and online.
0117 325 4798 View 0117 325 4798
Photo of Nadine Benn, Counsellor
Nadine Benn
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
Welcome. Reaching out for support in a time of difficulty or to address issues from the past can feel challenging and unsafe and you have now taken the first step. For all of us, life is multi-faceted with many ups and downs. The process of counselling can be transformative, helping you weather past and present storms, feel safer and more connected with yourself and others, and simply live a more meaningful life with greater satisfaction. I am a BACP registered Counsellor with many years of client experience and also over 15 years working as a mentor and NHS Midwife. I work in a ‘humanistic-integrative’ manner
Welcome. Reaching out for support in a time of difficulty or to address issues from the past can feel challenging and unsafe and you have now taken the first step. For all of us, life is multi-faceted with many ups and downs. The process of counselling can be transformative, helping you weather past and present storms, feel safer and more connected with yourself and others, and simply live a more meaningful life with greater satisfaction. I am a BACP registered Counsellor with many years of client experience and also over 15 years working as a mentor and NHS Midwife. I work in a ‘humanistic-integrative’ manner
01225 434516 View 01225 434516
Photo of Stanka Krnacova, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Stanka Krnacova
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Radstock BA3
Do you feel like it is difficult to reach your partner emotionally, are you being stone walled, afraid of conflict or are you people pleasing for a quiet life? Do you have a pattern of being submissive, passive aggressive or unable to effectively communicate your wants and needs? Do you feel like you and your partner don’t understand each other or feel as if you have married your mother or father? Couples therapy aims to uncover reactionary aspects of yourself that lead to discontent and a loss of connection and intimacy in your relationship. We will examine unhelpful dynamics and behavioural patterns and explore where you are stuck
Do you feel like it is difficult to reach your partner emotionally, are you being stone walled, afraid of conflict or are you people pleasing for a quiet life? Do you have a pattern of being submissive, passive aggressive or unable to effectively communicate your wants and needs? Do you feel like you and your partner don’t understand each other or feel as if you have married your mother or father? Couples therapy aims to uncover reactionary aspects of yourself that lead to discontent and a loss of connection and intimacy in your relationship. We will examine unhelpful dynamics and behavioural patterns and explore where you are stuck
07897 601897 View 07897 601897
Photo of Simon Gaddes, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Simon Gaddes
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Radstock BA3
I aim to provide you with a safe, caring and professional atmosphere where you can explore your struggles at your own pace and depth. I am a well travelled, life experienced integrative counsellor which means I believe in tapping into various models and approaches, founded upon my deep curiosity of what life expects of us as we journey through it, to assist you with those unique and personal problems you are experiencing. I am experienced in dealing with depression, anxiety and stress and can assist you to explore deeper experiences that may be contributing to your struggles. I am here to hear.
I aim to provide you with a safe, caring and professional atmosphere where you can explore your struggles at your own pace and depth. I am a well travelled, life experienced integrative counsellor which means I believe in tapping into various models and approaches, founded upon my deep curiosity of what life expects of us as we journey through it, to assist you with those unique and personal problems you are experiencing. I am experienced in dealing with depression, anxiety and stress and can assist you to explore deeper experiences that may be contributing to your struggles. I am here to hear.
01749 608476 View 01749 608476
Photo of Nicholas William Fredrick lovelace - brighter pathways, MBACP, Counsellor
brighter pathways
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
I am a qualified counsellor and teacher, I have studied Counselling and Substance Misuse at FdSc level and have a Diploma in Social Work, as well as having a wide range of work and life experience. My down to earth nature empowers me to be accessible, approachable and non-judgmental which is an essential part of a successful working therapeutic relationship. Aiding people to work through their own life challenges is my absolute passion and driving force behind Brighter Pathways Counselling.
I am a qualified counsellor and teacher, I have studied Counselling and Substance Misuse at FdSc level and have a Diploma in Social Work, as well as having a wide range of work and life experience. My down to earth nature empowers me to be accessible, approachable and non-judgmental which is an essential part of a successful working therapeutic relationship. Aiding people to work through their own life challenges is my absolute passion and driving force behind Brighter Pathways Counselling.
0117 456 2551 View 0117 456 2551
Photo of Wendy Churchill, MBACP, Counsellor
Wendy Churchill
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
I am an MBACP Registered, Relate trained relationship counsellor and psychosexual therapist. I am experienced at working with couples and individuals at every stage in a relationship and am qualified in supporting people with a wide range of sexual issues and dysfunctions. I work with a wide range of problems including communication difficulties, anxiety, depression, divorce, affairs, self esteem, grief, issues of trust, difficulties with the wider family, cultural differences, intimacy issues and sexual dysfunction.
I am an MBACP Registered, Relate trained relationship counsellor and psychosexual therapist. I am experienced at working with couples and individuals at every stage in a relationship and am qualified in supporting people with a wide range of sexual issues and dysfunctions. I work with a wide range of problems including communication difficulties, anxiety, depression, divorce, affairs, self esteem, grief, issues of trust, difficulties with the wider family, cultural differences, intimacy issues and sexual dysfunction.
01761 258239 View 01761 258239
Photo of Dr Damian Stoupe, PhD, MBACP, Counsellor
Dr Damian Stoupe
Counsellor, PhD, MBACP
Verified Verified
Radstock BA3  (Online Only)
Counselling should be fun and help us live a life where we are free to encounter, without fear, the daily surprises life throws at us. I work with an approach that builds on your strengths and focuses on happiness, not depression, the future, not the past. My PhD research has revealed that fun is not just about socialising; it’s a potent catalyst for emotional and intellectual growth, with benefits for your personal life and career development.
Counselling should be fun and help us live a life where we are free to encounter, without fear, the daily surprises life throws at us. I work with an approach that builds on your strengths and focuses on happiness, not depression, the future, not the past. My PhD research has revealed that fun is not just about socialising; it’s a potent catalyst for emotional and intellectual growth, with benefits for your personal life and career development.
01749 605555 View 01749 605555
Photo of Dr James Kiff, PsychD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr James Kiff
Psychologist, PsychD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Radstock BA3
When we feel stuck, experience difficult emotions, or the challenges we have are distressing, finding a space to work through and move beyond what has led you to experience those difficulties can feel overwhelming in itself. In working together we look to create a space where you can explore, make sense of and manage distress, address challenges and build psychological well-being, while supporting you to build confidence to move forward.
When we feel stuck, experience difficult emotions, or the challenges we have are distressing, finding a space to work through and move beyond what has led you to experience those difficulties can feel overwhelming in itself. In working together we look to create a space where you can explore, make sense of and manage distress, address challenges and build psychological well-being, while supporting you to build confidence to move forward.
01373 482303 View 01373 482303
Photo of Billie-Jude Thorpe, MBACP, Counsellor
Billie-Jude Thorpe
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Radstock BA3
Internal Family Systems is the fundamental psychotherapeutic approach that helps people deal with the legacy of trauma. We will work collaboratively, understanding what is being brought to the room and making sense of it together in an environment of safety and respect. I hope that our time together will deepen your self awareness and capacity for a fuller sense of you. Through expanding and deepening your understanding of yourself, compassion and perspectives can broaden- loosening the bolts on personal narratives or beliefs and creating room and opportunities for a different experience.
Internal Family Systems is the fundamental psychotherapeutic approach that helps people deal with the legacy of trauma. We will work collaboratively, understanding what is being brought to the room and making sense of it together in an environment of safety and respect. I hope that our time together will deepen your self awareness and capacity for a fuller sense of you. Through expanding and deepening your understanding of yourself, compassion and perspectives can broaden- loosening the bolts on personal narratives or beliefs and creating room and opportunities for a different experience.
View
Photo of Jess Crampton, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Jess Crampton
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
Hi, my name is Jess. Thank you for visiting my site today. In sessions with me you will be offered careful listening, and a willingness to join you where ever you are now. From me you will receive warmth and insight, both in terms of the training I have received, and from my own life experience. The work will progress at your pace, and I will be right there with you. Over the course of our sessions, you can learn to cope with your feelings, set appropriate boundaries, and experience a growing resilience.
Hi, my name is Jess. Thank you for visiting my site today. In sessions with me you will be offered careful listening, and a willingness to join you where ever you are now. From me you will receive warmth and insight, both in terms of the training I have received, and from my own life experience. The work will progress at your pace, and I will be right there with you. Over the course of our sessions, you can learn to cope with your feelings, set appropriate boundaries, and experience a growing resilience.
01249 479183 View 01249 479183
Photo of Jacqui Edmiston - Jacqui Edmiston, Innox Counselling, BACP, Counsellor
Jacqui Edmiston, Innox Counselling
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
Asking for help can be very daunting: sometimes it’s hard even to articulate your thoughts, let alone work out how to find someone who might be able to help make sense of it all. I understand this. I’ve been an advocate of ‘talking therapy’ for many years and I know how comforting it can be to share what’s going on in a space that feels safe, supportive and kind. In fact it is my own experience of being a therapist’s client that has led me to the journey I am now on.
Asking for help can be very daunting: sometimes it’s hard even to articulate your thoughts, let alone work out how to find someone who might be able to help make sense of it all. I understand this. I’ve been an advocate of ‘talking therapy’ for many years and I know how comforting it can be to share what’s going on in a space that feels safe, supportive and kind. In fact it is my own experience of being a therapist’s client that has led me to the journey I am now on.
01225 435097 View 01225 435097
Photo of Haydn Mark Derek Wilkins - Emergence Counselling, ACC Reg, Counsellor
Emergence Counselling
Counsellor, ACC Reg
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Radstock BA3
What do you need? It is sometimes helpful to ask yourself - "What are my main goals as I go for counselling? What is important to me right now? How would I like to change?" Often all someone needs is some quality time and space to be able to be themselves, and be heard - not feeling judged no matter what they say, and feel some compassion from somebody who cares. In the busy and sometimes harsh world in which we live, I provide that space for you to come as you are, work with your expressed goals, rediscover a new way forward, and deal with the problems you are experiencing. Often people find a positive change in this scenario.
What do you need? It is sometimes helpful to ask yourself - "What are my main goals as I go for counselling? What is important to me right now? How would I like to change?" Often all someone needs is some quality time and space to be able to be themselves, and be heard - not feeling judged no matter what they say, and feel some compassion from somebody who cares. In the busy and sometimes harsh world in which we live, I provide that space for you to come as you are, work with your expressed goals, rediscover a new way forward, and deal with the problems you are experiencing. Often people find a positive change in this scenario.
01225 530248 View 01225 530248
Photo of Lara Just, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Lara Just
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
Do you sometimes feel lost or unsure about what your purpose is? Why you are here? Why life has happened as it did so far? Are you struggling to get through a tough life transition, loss or grief? Are you at times not sure what you have to offer to the world; what you are meant to do or what you really want? Do you find it difficult to trust others or are wondering how to improve your relationships with others? I offer a safe, unbiased space to talk that is removed from your direct family and friends. This freedom to speak openly can be helpful when trying to talk through tricky and uncomfortable feelings.
Do you sometimes feel lost or unsure about what your purpose is? Why you are here? Why life has happened as it did so far? Are you struggling to get through a tough life transition, loss or grief? Are you at times not sure what you have to offer to the world; what you are meant to do or what you really want? Do you find it difficult to trust others or are wondering how to improve your relationships with others? I offer a safe, unbiased space to talk that is removed from your direct family and friends. This freedom to speak openly can be helpful when trying to talk through tricky and uncomfortable feelings.
020 3879 4156 View 020 3879 4156
Photo of Meyrem Musa, PsychD, Psychologist
Meyrem Musa
Psychologist, PsychD
Verified Verified
Bath BA3
I have practised as a Chartered Clinical Psychologist since 2002 in different clinical NHS settings (GP surgeries and hospitals), private healthcare (outpatient clinics and residential placements) and universities (therapist on randomised controlled trials). I have a wealth of knowledge, experience and specialist skills in psychological assessment, formulation, treatment and consultation. I am an accredited Cognitive-Behavioural Therapist (CBT). I am also experienced in using evidence-based techniques from Dialectical Behavioural Therapy, Family Therapy, Schema Therapy, EMDR, Mindfulness and Psychodynamic approaches.
I have practised as a Chartered Clinical Psychologist since 2002 in different clinical NHS settings (GP surgeries and hospitals), private healthcare (outpatient clinics and residential placements) and universities (therapist on randomised controlled trials). I have a wealth of knowledge, experience and specialist skills in psychological assessment, formulation, treatment and consultation. I am an accredited Cognitive-Behavioural Therapist (CBT). I am also experienced in using evidence-based techniques from Dialectical Behavioural Therapy, Family Therapy, Schema Therapy, EMDR, Mindfulness and Psychodynamic approaches.
01225 985352 View 01225 985352
Photo of Allen Daniels, BACP, Counsellor
Allen Daniels
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Bath BA2
I work in a professional, friendly and straightforward way. Life isn’t always easy. Things change, or end, or go wrong. Sometimes you can feel overwhelmed, hurt or confused. Sometimes you can get stuck or just not like yourself…Sometimes you might think that you're broken. Whether you’re feeling anxious, depressed or sad; missing someone you loved; are worried by a family issue or you feel your self-esteem or your confidence is not all it could be... Whatever it is, you can talk to me in confidence.
I work in a professional, friendly and straightforward way. Life isn’t always easy. Things change, or end, or go wrong. Sometimes you can feel overwhelmed, hurt or confused. Sometimes you can get stuck or just not like yourself…Sometimes you might think that you're broken. Whether you’re feeling anxious, depressed or sad; missing someone you loved; are worried by a family issue or you feel your self-esteem or your confidence is not all it could be... Whatever it is, you can talk to me in confidence.
01225 530092 View 01225 530092

See more therapy options for Midsomer Norton

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Midsomer Norton

< 10

Counsellors in Midsomer Norton who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Domestic Abuse
100% Bereavement
100% Spirituality
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Divorce

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aviva
100% AXA PPP
100% Bupa

How Counsellors in Midsomer Norton see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Midsomer Norton?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.