Autism Counselling in Manchester

Photo of Natalie Mills, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Natalie Mills
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Manchester M21
Aside from my private practice, I work for Respect For All who specialise in counselling adults and children with autism and learning disabilities.
I know things can be difficult but you don’t need to struggle alone, because I'm here to help. As a qualified therapist, my mission is to help you to overcome your fears and doubts and realise what you are truly capable of. I offer a friendly and confidential one-to-one counselling service supporting adults, young people, and children with a variety of emotional, mental, and physical issues. I will be empathic, honest, and non-judgemental during our sessions.
Aside from my private practice, I work for Respect For All who specialise in counselling adults and children with autism and learning disabilities.
I know things can be difficult but you don’t need to struggle alone, because I'm here to help. As a qualified therapist, my mission is to help you to overcome your fears and doubts and realise what you are truly capable of. I offer a friendly and confidential one-to-one counselling service supporting adults, young people, and children with a variety of emotional, mental, and physical issues. I will be empathic, honest, and non-judgemental during our sessions.
0161 850 3632 View 0161 850 3632
Photo of Philipp C. Berkovits, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Philipp C. Berkovits
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Manchester M25
My specialties include OCD, GAD, perfectionism, overthinking, panic as well as Autism and Childhood Trauma.
Choosing a therapist can be a tricky task, there are just so many! Perhaps taking a moment to pause and check inwardly for a 'felt sense' about a potential match may help you decide. This experiential practice is known as 'focusing'. I frequently invite my clients to pause and check for a bodily felt sense as I believe talking about a problem is not always enough. My approach to psychotherapy is integrative, drawing on humanistic, cognitive (CBT) and Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS). I am also currently training in EMDR therapy.
My specialties include OCD, GAD, perfectionism, overthinking, panic as well as Autism and Childhood Trauma.
Choosing a therapist can be a tricky task, there are just so many! Perhaps taking a moment to pause and check inwardly for a 'felt sense' about a potential match may help you decide. This experiential practice is known as 'focusing'. I frequently invite my clients to pause and check for a bodily felt sense as I believe talking about a problem is not always enough. My approach to psychotherapy is integrative, drawing on humanistic, cognitive (CBT) and Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS). I am also currently training in EMDR therapy.
0161 524 1364 View 0161 524 1364
Photo of George Boswell, MBACP, Counsellor
George Boswell
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M22
Are you fed up of feeling like you never fit in? Maybe you're tired of masking your true self through fear of other people's judgements, criticisms or rejection? These are experiences I hear from clients so frequently. I work with people that want to find ways to live more authentically, to be more comfortable in expressing their true selves. I support clients to uncover their natural ways of being, to unmask and find ways to express their true emotions. I have a passion and a wealth of knowledge (professionally and personally) of supporting neurodiverse clients (predominantly, though not exclusively clients with autism and ADHD).
Are you fed up of feeling like you never fit in? Maybe you're tired of masking your true self through fear of other people's judgements, criticisms or rejection? These are experiences I hear from clients so frequently. I work with people that want to find ways to live more authentically, to be more comfortable in expressing their true selves. I support clients to uncover their natural ways of being, to unmask and find ways to express their true emotions. I have a passion and a wealth of knowledge (professionally and personally) of supporting neurodiverse clients (predominantly, though not exclusively clients with autism and ADHD).
0161 524 1035 View 0161 524 1035
Photo of Sarah Tomlinson, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Sarah Tomlinson
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Manchester M21
I am an experienced senior clinical psychologist who is able to work with any adults, but specialises in autism (diagnosis and post-diagnostic support), learning disabilities and trauma. I have 17 years post-doctoral experience and have worked for the NHS for this period. I am HCPC registered, and am accredited by the National Autistic Society. My therapeutic models include EMDR, DBT and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. I work privately on Mondays, but from August I will work Fridays also (online or central Manchester). I offer reasonable rates for autism assessments. I am NICE guidance compliant and very experienced in this area.
I am an experienced senior clinical psychologist who is able to work with any adults, but specialises in autism (diagnosis and post-diagnostic support), learning disabilities and trauma. I have 17 years post-doctoral experience and have worked for the NHS for this period. I am HCPC registered, and am accredited by the National Autistic Society. My therapeutic models include EMDR, DBT and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. I work privately on Mondays, but from August I will work Fridays also (online or central Manchester). I offer reasonable rates for autism assessments. I am NICE guidance compliant and very experienced in this area.
0161 524 0238 View 0161 524 0238
Photo of Kevin Coogan, MBACP, Counsellor
Kevin Coogan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M20
I’ve worked with people with dementia, learning disabilities or autism for over 30 years.
The pandemic and lockdown saw a dramatic increase in social isolation and loneliness, but it also saw an increase in people reaching out for help from counselling and psychotherapy. As a joint-qualified counsellor and social worker, I have seen this change first-hand. It’s okay to recognise that you are feeling overwhelmed and need help; it’s okay to realise that you are stuck in a pattern of behaviour that you know is doing you no good; it’s okay to recognise that there’s something in your life that you want to change. As a Person-Centred therapist, my job is to work with you to create a space from which change is possible.
I’ve worked with people with dementia, learning disabilities or autism for over 30 years.
The pandemic and lockdown saw a dramatic increase in social isolation and loneliness, but it also saw an increase in people reaching out for help from counselling and psychotherapy. As a joint-qualified counsellor and social worker, I have seen this change first-hand. It’s okay to recognise that you are feeling overwhelmed and need help; it’s okay to realise that you are stuck in a pattern of behaviour that you know is doing you no good; it’s okay to recognise that there’s something in your life that you want to change. As a Person-Centred therapist, my job is to work with you to create a space from which change is possible.
0161 524 0011 View 0161 524 0011
Photo of Anna Faff, MSc, GMBPsS, Psychotherapist
Anna Faff
Psychotherapist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
Manchester M24
I specialised in Autism in Adults, attachment disorder and trauma.
I am a psychotherapist on the spectrum with ADHD. I have been late diagnosed so I can relate to NT and ND. I understand how life-changing could be for anyone to be diagnosed with Autism. I am helping people who are experiencing detachment, unexplained pain, and lack of stability. Along with high levels of emotional distress, mood difficulties, shame, guilt, difficulties with self-esteem and difficulties in life in general. I offer a non-judgemental, welcoming space where you can find your own solutions and paths that would lead you to growth and building resilience.
I specialised in Autism in Adults, attachment disorder and trauma.
I am a psychotherapist on the spectrum with ADHD. I have been late diagnosed so I can relate to NT and ND. I understand how life-changing could be for anyone to be diagnosed with Autism. I am helping people who are experiencing detachment, unexplained pain, and lack of stability. Along with high levels of emotional distress, mood difficulties, shame, guilt, difficulties with self-esteem and difficulties in life in general. I offer a non-judgemental, welcoming space where you can find your own solutions and paths that would lead you to growth and building resilience.
0161 524 0507 View 0161 524 0507
Photo of Dr Jennifer Vaughan, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Jennifer Vaughan
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Manchester M25
JV Psychology Services Ltd. offers assessments for Autism and ADHD for children, young people and adults. Our assessments follow National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) Guidelines. Two specialist HCPC-registered healthcare professionals from different professional backgrounds (e.g., Clinical Psychologist, Speech and Language Therapist and/or Occupational Therapist) will complete be involved in completing the assessments.
JV Psychology Services Ltd. offers assessments for Autism and ADHD for children, young people and adults. Our assessments follow National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) Guidelines. Two specialist HCPC-registered healthcare professionals from different professional backgrounds (e.g., Clinical Psychologist, Speech and Language Therapist and/or Occupational Therapist) will complete be involved in completing the assessments.
0161 696 8442 View 0161 696 8442
Photo of Alison Edwards - Alison Edwards Therapy, Coaching and Supervision, MSc, FMBPsS, Psychologist
Alison Edwards Therapy, Coaching and Supervision
Psychologist, MSc, FMBPsS
Verified Verified
Manchester M60  (Online Only)
Choosing a therapist can be a stressful process, and it's difficult to decide which kind of therapy to try. Many people find it helpful to work with a therapist who has trained in more than one therapy, who can switch to a different therapy when needed, and who can tailor sessions according to your needs. You can have a phone consultation with me to discuss what you are looking for and ask questions. 16 years experience in supporting neurodivergent clients (with ADHD, autism, dyslexia, dyspraxia or other difficulties) led me to further training in autism, and specialised CBT and ACT for ADHD and emotional regulation problems.
Choosing a therapist can be a stressful process, and it's difficult to decide which kind of therapy to try. Many people find it helpful to work with a therapist who has trained in more than one therapy, who can switch to a different therapy when needed, and who can tailor sessions according to your needs. You can have a phone consultation with me to discuss what you are looking for and ask questions. 16 years experience in supporting neurodivergent clients (with ADHD, autism, dyslexia, dyspraxia or other difficulties) led me to further training in autism, and specialised CBT and ACT for ADHD and emotional regulation problems.
056 0364 5810 View 056 0364 5810
Photo of Anneliese Ashworth-Lord, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Anneliese Ashworth-Lord
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manchester M1
Do you ever experience feelings of hopelessness, being self critical, or having limiting beliefs and thoughts? Do you experience reduced energy or motivation? Do your worries and panic hold you back or cause crippling spiralling thoughts about the future? Maybe you have a specific phobia or fear, restrictive and controlling patterns of eating, obsessive behaviours or urges you feel compelled to complete? Maybe you have a diagnosed neurodevelopmental condition such as Autism, ADHD, learning needs etc and struggling with the impact of this? These are just some things I can help with and adopt a trauma informed approach to all my work.
Do you ever experience feelings of hopelessness, being self critical, or having limiting beliefs and thoughts? Do you experience reduced energy or motivation? Do your worries and panic hold you back or cause crippling spiralling thoughts about the future? Maybe you have a specific phobia or fear, restrictive and controlling patterns of eating, obsessive behaviours or urges you feel compelled to complete? Maybe you have a diagnosed neurodevelopmental condition such as Autism, ADHD, learning needs etc and struggling with the impact of this? These are just some things I can help with and adopt a trauma informed approach to all my work.
01706 619826 View 01706 619826
Photo of Natasha Menoni - Natasha Menoni: ADHD & Autism Specialist, MSc, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Natasha Menoni: ADHD & Autism Specialist
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Manchester M1  (Online Only)
I am an HCPC registered Counselling Psychologist dedicated to serving adults who have been diagnosed or believe they might have Autism and/or ADHD. I invite you to work together on a therapeutic journey especially catered to your goals and needs. We can work together to identify and make the most out of your own unique strengths, establish robust coping strategies, and build self-awareness to develop a greater understanding of yourself so you can live a more fulfilling life.
I am an HCPC registered Counselling Psychologist dedicated to serving adults who have been diagnosed or believe they might have Autism and/or ADHD. I invite you to work together on a therapeutic journey especially catered to your goals and needs. We can work together to identify and make the most out of your own unique strengths, establish robust coping strategies, and build self-awareness to develop a greater understanding of yourself so you can live a more fulfilling life.
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Photo of Becky Eaton - Becky Eaton Counselling and Psychotherapy, MA, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Becky Eaton Counselling and Psychotherapy
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Manchester M1  (Online Only)
I have a particular interest and experience (personal and professional) in working with neurodiverse (Autism, ADHD) people and their families.
Welcome. What has brought you here today? Maybe you are experiencing difficulties with anxiety, depression or stress, perhaps you simply have a sense of life not being quite as you would like it to be. Whatever your reason for seeking counselling I am hopeful I can help you find a way through the difficulties you are experiencing. I offer each and every one of my clients a safe space. It is my hope that from this place of safety you will feel able to explore your challenges, identify the ways in which you can support yourself and make the changes, whether internal or external, that will enable you to live your best life.
I have a particular interest and experience (personal and professional) in working with neurodiverse (Autism, ADHD) people and their families.
Welcome. What has brought you here today? Maybe you are experiencing difficulties with anxiety, depression or stress, perhaps you simply have a sense of life not being quite as you would like it to be. Whatever your reason for seeking counselling I am hopeful I can help you find a way through the difficulties you are experiencing. I offer each and every one of my clients a safe space. It is my hope that from this place of safety you will feel able to explore your challenges, identify the ways in which you can support yourself and make the changes, whether internal or external, that will enable you to live your best life.
0117 463 1019 View 0117 463 1019
Photo of Sara Bartlett Brown, MBACP, Counsellor
Sara Bartlett Brown
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M1  (Online Only)
I've completed a Post Grad Cert in Autism with Dr Luke Beardon and I read widely the writing & research by autistic writers & advocates.
I work online with adult autistic Individuals and with Couples in the UK. I provide an accessible & compassionate service that reduces distress & enables people to address what is difficult. If we have not been understood and accepted we may develop ways of being and doing that do not support our well being. We keep our true selves hidden from others and whilst this protects us, it can cause much pain and limit us. With an understanding therapist we can trust, we begin to make sense of who we are, how we are and what has happened to us in our lives. We can be truer to ourselves and live with more confidence, ease and acceptance.
I've completed a Post Grad Cert in Autism with Dr Luke Beardon and I read widely the writing & research by autistic writers & advocates.
I work online with adult autistic Individuals and with Couples in the UK. I provide an accessible & compassionate service that reduces distress & enables people to address what is difficult. If we have not been understood and accepted we may develop ways of being and doing that do not support our well being. We keep our true selves hidden from others and whilst this protects us, it can cause much pain and limit us. With an understanding therapist we can trust, we begin to make sense of who we are, how we are and what has happened to us in our lives. We can be truer to ourselves and live with more confidence, ease and acceptance.
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Photo of Richard Neil Papworth, MBACP, Counsellor
Richard Neil Papworth
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M13  (Online Only)
I offer help with stress, depression, anxiety, and feelings of being angry, upset, stuck, or confused, and have a particular interest in making my practice autism-friendly.
Psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling has a distinct focus on events which have troubled us in the past, although we might not have awareness of them, and continue to trouble us in the present often through repeated patterns. There might not be any defined areas of concern for clients, and issues can be deep-seated; however, the therapeutic relationship aims to bring these aspects into consciousness in a manageable way so that they may be worked through safely. While psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling is often open-ended and can span several years, short courses of six months or less have also shown to be effective.
I offer help with stress, depression, anxiety, and feelings of being angry, upset, stuck, or confused, and have a particular interest in making my practice autism-friendly.
Psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling has a distinct focus on events which have troubled us in the past, although we might not have awareness of them, and continue to trouble us in the present often through repeated patterns. There might not be any defined areas of concern for clients, and issues can be deep-seated; however, the therapeutic relationship aims to bring these aspects into consciousness in a manageable way so that they may be worked through safely. While psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling is often open-ended and can span several years, short courses of six months or less have also shown to be effective.
023 8144 0269 View 023 8144 0269
Photo of Victoria Richards, MBACP, Counsellor
Victoria Richards
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M1  (Online Only)
I have extensive experience working with carers and adults with autism, on a range of topics.
Do you ever feel that life has become too overwhelming or that everyday tasks are a struggle? Is something from your past unresolved and affecting your life today? I believe we are all experts in our own lives and my role is to facilitate the exploration of those feelings with you together. I will support you in working towards any realistic goals that you would like to achieve. I understand that you may not know what support you need, what changes you want to happen or why you are feeling the way you do, but I am experienced to help you answer some of these questions so your life can begin to feel the way you would like it to.
I have extensive experience working with carers and adults with autism, on a range of topics.
Do you ever feel that life has become too overwhelming or that everyday tasks are a struggle? Is something from your past unresolved and affecting your life today? I believe we are all experts in our own lives and my role is to facilitate the exploration of those feelings with you together. I will support you in working towards any realistic goals that you would like to achieve. I understand that you may not know what support you need, what changes you want to happen or why you are feeling the way you do, but I am experienced to help you answer some of these questions so your life can begin to feel the way you would like it to.
020 3893 2883 View 020 3893 2883
Photo of Dr Jeremy Rowe, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Jeremy Rowe
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Manchester M1
Waitlist for new clients
I am a specialist OCD therapist; I offer Rumination Focused ERP (Dr. Michael Greenberg) for OCD. I treat anxiety, depression & other mental health issues. I assess & diagnose Autism & ADHD. I have extensive experience in supporting people through life events and transitions. As a Christian psychologist I support those who wish to integrate their faith and mental wellbeing and those who wish to explore their faith and doubts (including scrupulosity). I also work with people other faiths or no faith. I’m registered with all major UK insurers and I'm insured to work internationally.
I am a specialist OCD therapist; I offer Rumination Focused ERP (Dr. Michael Greenberg) for OCD. I treat anxiety, depression & other mental health issues. I assess & diagnose Autism & ADHD. I have extensive experience in supporting people through life events and transitions. As a Christian psychologist I support those who wish to integrate their faith and mental wellbeing and those who wish to explore their faith and doubts (including scrupulosity). I also work with people other faiths or no faith. I’m registered with all major UK insurers and I'm insured to work internationally.
01273 099539 View 01273 099539
Photo of Leonora Eddolls, MBACP, Counsellor
Leonora Eddolls
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M1
I have worked as a Relate Counsellor since 2013 specialising in couples, family and individual counselling.   As a neurodivergent individual with a neurodivergent family I developed a special interest in neurodivergence including Adult ADHD and Adult Autism.  I completed additional post graduate training to assist me in supporting individuals and couples in understanding the differences in the way the brain operates between neurodivergent and predominant neurotypes with the aim of building better and stronger relationships.
I have worked as a Relate Counsellor since 2013 specialising in couples, family and individual counselling.   As a neurodivergent individual with a neurodivergent family I developed a special interest in neurodivergence including Adult ADHD and Adult Autism.  I completed additional post graduate training to assist me in supporting individuals and couples in understanding the differences in the way the brain operates between neurodivergent and predominant neurotypes with the aim of building better and stronger relationships.
01572 494640 View 01572 494640
Photo of Elle Stevens - Mental-health4u , MA
Mental-health4u
MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Manchester M29  (Online Only)
I offer Eclectic therapy focusing on presenting difficulties and drawing on strengths, CBT based anxiety sessions, EMDR, EFT, Systemic Family Practice, and ADHD and Autism Post Diagnostic support.
Hi, I’m Elle, I’m the lead therapist at Mental-Health4u. I’m a mental health and neurodivergent therapist with over 10 years of experience. I pride myself on being a warm and caring practitioner who is never afraid to go the extra mile. I can provide support with different mental health concerns including: anxiety, panic attacks, OCD, low mood, difficulties with emotional regulation and self harm. The only thing I would require is a motivation from you to work on your mental health.
I offer Eclectic therapy focusing on presenting difficulties and drawing on strengths, CBT based anxiety sessions, EMDR, EFT, Systemic Family Practice, and ADHD and Autism Post Diagnostic support.
Hi, I’m Elle, I’m the lead therapist at Mental-Health4u. I’m a mental health and neurodivergent therapist with over 10 years of experience. I pride myself on being a warm and caring practitioner who is never afraid to go the extra mile. I can provide support with different mental health concerns including: anxiety, panic attacks, OCD, low mood, difficulties with emotional regulation and self harm. The only thing I would require is a motivation from you to work on your mental health.
01942 559703 View 01942 559703
Photo of Cheryl Taylor, PhD, BACP, Psychotherapist
Cheryl Taylor
Psychotherapist, PhD, BACP
Verified Verified
Manchester M1
Neurodivergence: ADHD, Autism. Bipolar, Psychosis, EMDR/ Trauma, CPTSD, dissociation, Attachment.
Neurodivergence: ADHD, Autism. Bipolar, Psychosis, EMDR/ Trauma, CPTSD, dissociation, Attachment.
01226 449328 x079222 View 01226 449328 x079222
Photo of Delphine Renard, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Delphine Renard
Psychologist, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Manchester M21
Autism assessment for adults : Having a good diagnosis can be a big turn in your life.
Find your peace of mind. Workshop compassion (8 weeks to train your brain to be more compassionate). Life is not always easy. We can experiment difficulties, stressful events, and distressing or traumatic experiences. This can plunge us into questions, fears, stress, panic, or intense emotional distress and distance us from ourselves, our balance, and our general well-being. Being compassionate can help you to deal with the challenges of life and be more resilient.
Autism assessment for adults : Having a good diagnosis can be a big turn in your life.
Find your peace of mind. Workshop compassion (8 weeks to train your brain to be more compassionate). Life is not always easy. We can experiment difficulties, stressful events, and distressing or traumatic experiences. This can plunge us into questions, fears, stress, panic, or intense emotional distress and distance us from ourselves, our balance, and our general well-being. Being compassionate can help you to deal with the challenges of life and be more resilient.
0161 524 2393 View 0161 524 2393
Photo of Oksana Roberts - Neurodiversity Affirming Psychotherapist , MSc, Psychotherapist
Neurodiversity Affirming Psychotherapist
Psychotherapist, MSc
Verified Verified
Manchester M16
As a trauma informed therapist, I acknowledge that the deficit/disorder narrative and the medicalised model of Autism and ADHD can be traumatising.
I am proudly a combination of Autistic and ADHD. AuDHD has a nice ring to it. I draw on 14 years of experience in private practice as well as lived experience of being neurodivergent. I specialise in working with sensitive souls, Autism, ADHD. I work with clients who fall into what used to be the Asperger category of Autism. Although these people are considered to be high functioning, I am careful using this term. It can cover up the deep seated struggles under the facade of “doing well”.
As a trauma informed therapist, I acknowledge that the deficit/disorder narrative and the medicalised model of Autism and ADHD can be traumatising.
I am proudly a combination of Autistic and ADHD. AuDHD has a nice ring to it. I draw on 14 years of experience in private practice as well as lived experience of being neurodivergent. I specialise in working with sensitive souls, Autism, ADHD. I work with clients who fall into what used to be the Asperger category of Autism. Although these people are considered to be high functioning, I am careful using this term. It can cover up the deep seated struggles under the facade of “doing well”.
0161 524 0476 View 0161 524 0476

See more therapy options for Manchester

Autism Counsellors

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.