Counselling in Whitechapel, London

Photo of Lars Leonidis, Psychologist in Whitechapel, London, England
Lars Leonidis
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, GMBPsS
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
As a registered Psychotherapist (BACP) and Counselling Psychologist (in Doctoral training), I'm here to help you overcome life's challenges and achieve the personal transformation you seek. With extensive experience across the UK, Greece, and the Netherlands, I've worked with people from all walks of life. My professional journey has taken me to diverse settings, from the NHS helping individuals to overcome addiction, complex trauma, and sexual dysfunctions; to collaborating with companies such as Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and Wayfair to support their employees' mental health through Employee Assistance Programmes (EAPs).
As a registered Psychotherapist (BACP) and Counselling Psychologist (in Doctoral training), I'm here to help you overcome life's challenges and achieve the personal transformation you seek. With extensive experience across the UK, Greece, and the Netherlands, I've worked with people from all walks of life. My professional journey has taken me to diverse settings, from the NHS helping individuals to overcome addiction, complex trauma, and sexual dysfunctions; to collaborating with companies such as Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and Wayfair to support their employees' mental health through Employee Assistance Programmes (EAPs).
020 4530 8398 View 020 4530 8398
Photo of Dolores Forcadell, Counsellor in Whitechapel, London, England
Dolores Forcadell
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
I am a Psychodynamic Counsellor that works with Children and Young People from ages 3-18 As a Psychodynamic Counsellor I believe that unconscious processes guide our ways of relating to each other. At the centre of my practice is the child’s well-being and safety. I aim to create a safe space for children to feel able to be themselves without judgment, what Winnicott refers as the 'facilitating environment’, where the child’s inner world can be explored.
I am a Psychodynamic Counsellor that works with Children and Young People from ages 3-18 As a Psychodynamic Counsellor I believe that unconscious processes guide our ways of relating to each other. At the centre of my practice is the child’s well-being and safety. I aim to create a safe space for children to feel able to be themselves without judgment, what Winnicott refers as the 'facilitating environment’, where the child’s inner world can be explored.
020 8106 4727 View 020 8106 4727
Photo of Hanna Foconi, Psychologist in Whitechapel, London, England
Hanna Foconi
Psychologist, PhD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I work as a Senior CBT Therapist in the NHS providing evidence based therapy to treat psychological difficulties and disorders including depression, generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety, phobias, health anxiety, OCD, PTSD, BDD, low self esteem and perfectionism. My clients often report feeling stuck in unhelpful patterns and are looking to make a lasting change to live a life more in line with what matters most to them.
I work as a Senior CBT Therapist in the NHS providing evidence based therapy to treat psychological difficulties and disorders including depression, generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety, phobias, health anxiety, OCD, PTSD, BDD, low self esteem and perfectionism. My clients often report feeling stuck in unhelpful patterns and are looking to make a lasting change to live a life more in line with what matters most to them.
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Photo of Agnetha Kuruson, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Agnetha Kuruson
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
How is it that you continue to experience the same problem repeatedly? What keeps it going? Are the coping strategies you have used in the past still working for you now? What would feeling better look like in practice?
How is it that you continue to experience the same problem repeatedly? What keeps it going? Are the coping strategies you have used in the past still working for you now? What would feeling better look like in practice?
01564 335033 View 01564 335033
Photo of Ali Bushell, Counsellor in Whitechapel, London, England
Ali Bushell
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
I offer help to people who worry or fear that they won't be understood or that they will be judged by others. Whoever you are, whatever the issue is, I'd like to be able to offer a space for you to be heard and accepted. I can offer a private and safe space simply to be without a mask if that's what you need, or if you have a clear idea of what you want to achieve I'd like to help make that happen. I can work in either a very loose or a structured and outcome-focused way, whichever appeals to you more. But however we decide to work, my focus is always what you want, what you need, what you dream of that you would like to make real.
I offer help to people who worry or fear that they won't be understood or that they will be judged by others. Whoever you are, whatever the issue is, I'd like to be able to offer a space for you to be heard and accepted. I can offer a private and safe space simply to be without a mask if that's what you need, or if you have a clear idea of what you want to achieve I'd like to help make that happen. I can work in either a very loose or a structured and outcome-focused way, whichever appeals to you more. But however we decide to work, my focus is always what you want, what you need, what you dream of that you would like to make real.
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Photo of Awa S. Ottiger, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Awa S. Ottiger
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
Do feel disconnected from yourself? Are you not living your potentials in life? Do you want to work through past experiences that made you feel unworthy, not good enough and undeserving and return to self-ownership, inner resilience, authenticity, vulnerability, self-love and self-responsibilities? Then get ready to start to truly get to know, own an be yourself.
Do feel disconnected from yourself? Are you not living your potentials in life? Do you want to work through past experiences that made you feel unworthy, not good enough and undeserving and return to self-ownership, inner resilience, authenticity, vulnerability, self-love and self-responsibilities? Then get ready to start to truly get to know, own an be yourself.
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Photo of Dr Georgia Halls, Willow Psychology Service, Psychologist in Whitechapel, London, England
Dr Georgia Halls, Willow Psychology Service
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Whitechapel, London SE10  (Online Only)
Are you feeling anxious, stressed, overwhelmed? Maybe you've recently had a big life change, or you have been struggling with anxiety and/or stress for a while but now feel it is the time to get some extra support. Do you want space to be listened to, understand what is going on for you and how to change things? My priority is to help you feel comfortable, listened to and for me to follow your pace.
Are you feeling anxious, stressed, overwhelmed? Maybe you've recently had a big life change, or you have been struggling with anxiety and/or stress for a while but now feel it is the time to get some extra support. Do you want space to be listened to, understand what is going on for you and how to change things? My priority is to help you feel comfortable, listened to and for me to follow your pace.
020 8138 0279 View 020 8138 0279
Photo of Nick Anthony Wolstenholme, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Nick Anthony Wolstenholme
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
People come to psychotherapy and counselling for many different reasons. Perhaps it is a time of crisis or difficulty when feelings have become overwhelming and difficult to share with people that you might normally. It could be that this is linked to a desire to gain a deeper self-understanding. Simply talking to the right therapist for you can provide relief. I have a wide experience of working with different conditions and situations, in particular depression, anxiety, anger and relationship issues. I work with an emphasis on facilitating your enquiry in a safe and effective way, within a supportive relationship.
People come to psychotherapy and counselling for many different reasons. Perhaps it is a time of crisis or difficulty when feelings have become overwhelming and difficult to share with people that you might normally. It could be that this is linked to a desire to gain a deeper self-understanding. Simply talking to the right therapist for you can provide relief. I have a wide experience of working with different conditions and situations, in particular depression, anxiety, anger and relationship issues. I work with an emphasis on facilitating your enquiry in a safe and effective way, within a supportive relationship.
020 4538 5537 View 020 4538 5537
Photo of Rachael Oldfield, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Rachael Oldfield
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
I'm a warm and down-to-earth psychotherapist, currently working both online and in-person in Dalston, London E8. I offer weekly therapy with adults on a 1-to-1 basis. I've worked with people experiencing anxiety, depression, low self-worth, relationship difficulties, loneliness & isolation, bereavement, conflicts at work or home, traumatic experiences & finding meaning, amongst many other issues. You may have a more vague sense of dissatisfaction and you don't need to be in crisis to find counselling useful; attending regularly can also be seen as an act of generous self-care, bringing greater insight, perspective & ease.
I'm a warm and down-to-earth psychotherapist, currently working both online and in-person in Dalston, London E8. I offer weekly therapy with adults on a 1-to-1 basis. I've worked with people experiencing anxiety, depression, low self-worth, relationship difficulties, loneliness & isolation, bereavement, conflicts at work or home, traumatic experiences & finding meaning, amongst many other issues. You may have a more vague sense of dissatisfaction and you don't need to be in crisis to find counselling useful; attending regularly can also be seen as an act of generous self-care, bringing greater insight, perspective & ease.
020 3962 0597 View 020 3962 0597
Photo of Leann Lavery, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Leann Lavery
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MUKCP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
Hello and thank you for visiting my page. You are likely here because you are going through things that you need support with, and you might be considering if counselling can help, or if I am the right therapist for you. I have a warm and down to earth approach and as an integrative practitioner, I support people with various issues including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, trauma, bereavement, and those searching for meaning, to name a few. I will work collaboratively with you to understand your unique needs, and how you can be supported with your goals for therapy.
Hello and thank you for visiting my page. You are likely here because you are going through things that you need support with, and you might be considering if counselling can help, or if I am the right therapist for you. I have a warm and down to earth approach and as an integrative practitioner, I support people with various issues including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, trauma, bereavement, and those searching for meaning, to name a few. I will work collaboratively with you to understand your unique needs, and how you can be supported with your goals for therapy.
020 3974 1538 View 020 3974 1538
Photo of Pablo Reina Martinez, Counsellor in Whitechapel, London, England
Pablo Reina Martinez
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
1 Endorsed
Whitechapel, London E1
My aim is to help you explore any issues that interfere with your mental and emotional wellbeing. Together we will find the resources that enable you to live better. I am passionate in supporting people cope, heal and thrive. I provide an environment that fosters your self-reflection and growth. Fostering the alignment with your values. Counselling gives us that time and space we need to make sense of our experiences and to explore our identity. This clarifies our stressors and updates our strategies and resources.
My aim is to help you explore any issues that interfere with your mental and emotional wellbeing. Together we will find the resources that enable you to live better. I am passionate in supporting people cope, heal and thrive. I provide an environment that fosters your self-reflection and growth. Fostering the alignment with your values. Counselling gives us that time and space we need to make sense of our experiences and to explore our identity. This clarifies our stressors and updates our strategies and resources.
0117 463 5187 View 0117 463 5187
Photo of Fiona Fitzpatrick, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Fiona Fitzpatrick
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
My name is Fiona Fitzpatrick and I am a registered Art Psychotherapist and EMDR Therapist working with children, young people and adults. I am passionate about how the creative process can heal and change a person, helping to understand ourselves and our circumstances & behaviour and with this awareness find acceptance and heal from suffering. You do not have to have any experience of art or any art skills to benefit from this therapy. I have 6 years experience of working with adopted children, children in school with emotional, behavioural and mental health issues and adults in the community as 1:1 therapy and group work
My name is Fiona Fitzpatrick and I am a registered Art Psychotherapist and EMDR Therapist working with children, young people and adults. I am passionate about how the creative process can heal and change a person, helping to understand ourselves and our circumstances & behaviour and with this awareness find acceptance and heal from suffering. You do not have to have any experience of art or any art skills to benefit from this therapy. I have 6 years experience of working with adopted children, children in school with emotional, behavioural and mental health issues and adults in the community as 1:1 therapy and group work
0191 580 4701 View 0191 580 4701
Photo of Casey Crossland, Counsellor in Whitechapel, London, England
Casey Crossland
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
I believe you have the answers to what you need and what you want your life to look like and I can provide a safe, non judgmental and confidential space for you to work out how you can get there. I have a relaxed approach, we may be touching on some difficult and painful topics at times but there will also be room for humour in our sessions. I offer individual sessions, relationship counselling and clinical supervision. Do email me if you would like to ask me any questions or book a session.
I believe you have the answers to what you need and what you want your life to look like and I can provide a safe, non judgmental and confidential space for you to work out how you can get there. I have a relaxed approach, we may be touching on some difficult and painful topics at times but there will also be room for humour in our sessions. I offer individual sessions, relationship counselling and clinical supervision. Do email me if you would like to ask me any questions or book a session.
01273 917530 View 01273 917530
Photo of Sarah Krakoski, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Sarah Krakoski
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
Waitlist for new clients
Psychotherapy offers a safe and supportive environment where individuals can explore and increase understanding of their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. You may have concerns about events you've experienced, patterns you're engaging in or a general feeling of being stuck or dysregulated. In our sessions, we'll work collaboratively, exploring your inner world, the many “parts” of you from a place of compassion, curiosity, and presence. When you’re able to turn towards even the most challenging parts of you with this new lens, significant shifts begin to emerge. These shifts create space for healing, growth, and lasting change.
Psychotherapy offers a safe and supportive environment where individuals can explore and increase understanding of their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. You may have concerns about events you've experienced, patterns you're engaging in or a general feeling of being stuck or dysregulated. In our sessions, we'll work collaboratively, exploring your inner world, the many “parts” of you from a place of compassion, curiosity, and presence. When you’re able to turn towards even the most challenging parts of you with this new lens, significant shifts begin to emerge. These shifts create space for healing, growth, and lasting change.
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Photo of Psychology practice and wellbeing center , Psychologist in Whitechapel, London, England
Psychology practice and wellbeing center
Psychologist, MSc
Whitechapel, London E1
Are you in a space where you feel anxious, frustrated or depressed? Do you feel stuck or lost ? Are you letting fear or sadness keep you from moving forward? Do you find yourself feeling unfulfilled, unmotivated, held back in your relationships and pursuits in some way? Why wait to feel better? Take action and let's talk. Together we can find new ways of managing your difficulties, understand yourself better and live a more balanced and fulfilling life. Sometimes we need a little help to improve and advance onto the next step.
Are you in a space where you feel anxious, frustrated or depressed? Do you feel stuck or lost ? Are you letting fear or sadness keep you from moving forward? Do you find yourself feeling unfulfilled, unmotivated, held back in your relationships and pursuits in some way? Why wait to feel better? Take action and let's talk. Together we can find new ways of managing your difficulties, understand yourself better and live a more balanced and fulfilling life. Sometimes we need a little help to improve and advance onto the next step.
01329 759532 View 01329 759532
Photo of Duncan Roebuck, Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Duncan Roebuck
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
I offer a safe, non-judging and confidential therapeutic space where thoughts and feelings can be shared and explored. The therapeutic journey I believe can serve as an opportunity to uncover one’s inner resources and resilience, as well as an opportunity to discover new and more flexible ways of relating to oneself, others and life. My psychotherapy training is in a mindfulness based approach called Core Process Psychotherapy (CPP). This particular approach integrates concepts of mindfulness and awareness with modern psychological perspectives and theories.
I offer a safe, non-judging and confidential therapeutic space where thoughts and feelings can be shared and explored. The therapeutic journey I believe can serve as an opportunity to uncover one’s inner resources and resilience, as well as an opportunity to discover new and more flexible ways of relating to oneself, others and life. My psychotherapy training is in a mindfulness based approach called Core Process Psychotherapy (CPP). This particular approach integrates concepts of mindfulness and awareness with modern psychological perspectives and theories.
01748 902109 View 01748 902109
Photo of Carole Simpkins, Counsellor in Whitechapel, London, England
Carole Simpkins
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
You may be feeling anxious, depressed, angry, confused, struggling in relationships or with bereavement, or simply be curious about yourself.
You may be feeling anxious, depressed, angry, confused, struggling in relationships or with bereavement, or simply be curious about yourself.
020 3870 2672 View 020 3870 2672
Photo of Dr Holly Conheady, Psychologist in Whitechapel, London, England
Dr Holly Conheady
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1
I am a Counselling Psychologist with extensive experience supporting both adults and young people with their mental health, using evidence-based methods to reduce distress and promote wellbeing. I have worked in a variety of settings in the NHS, charitable and private sectors, supporting people living with challenges around physical health, sleep, and body image, as well as bereavement and loss. Other areas of expertise include working with stress, low mood, self-criticism, and anxiety related to health, identity, sense of purpose, social situations, and chronic worrying.
I am a Counselling Psychologist with extensive experience supporting both adults and young people with their mental health, using evidence-based methods to reduce distress and promote wellbeing. I have worked in a variety of settings in the NHS, charitable and private sectors, supporting people living with challenges around physical health, sleep, and body image, as well as bereavement and loss. Other areas of expertise include working with stress, low mood, self-criticism, and anxiety related to health, identity, sense of purpose, social situations, and chronic worrying.
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Photo of Dr Kitty Clark-McGhee, Psychologist in Whitechapel, London, England
Dr Kitty Clark-McGhee
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Whitechapel, London E1  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Each one of us has times in life when we feel uncertain of how to move forward. Perhaps you’ve noticed yourself getting stuck in unhelpful patterns or cycles of behaviour and you’re finding it hard to see a way out? Or you’re experiencing difficult feelings that are getting in the way of living a more fulfilled, contented life? I work collaboratively with clients to make sense of, and work through, the challenges that have brought them to therapy, and I have witnessed profound psychological growth within my clients, as they have engaged in the often-challenging process of therapy.
Each one of us has times in life when we feel uncertain of how to move forward. Perhaps you’ve noticed yourself getting stuck in unhelpful patterns or cycles of behaviour and you’re finding it hard to see a way out? Or you’re experiencing difficult feelings that are getting in the way of living a more fulfilled, contented life? I work collaboratively with clients to make sense of, and work through, the challenges that have brought them to therapy, and I have witnessed profound psychological growth within my clients, as they have engaged in the often-challenging process of therapy.
020 3835 2251 View 020 3835 2251
Photo of Anna Greenslade (Cbt With Anna), Psychotherapist in Whitechapel, London, England
Anna Greenslade (Cbt With Anna)
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified
4 Endorsed
Whitechapel, London E1
Hey! I'm Anna, a CBT Therapist specialised in children, pre-teens, adolescents and young adults; ages 5-25. I can also work with adults. I treat anxiety (social, health, separation, phobias, worry, panic, perfectionism), depression, self esteem, OCD and PTSD / trauma. I help with emotions such as stress, sadness and anger; and self harm, suicidal thoughts and intrusive thoughts. I have 10 years experience across; school, college and university student wellbeing, NHS (CAMHS), inpatient psychiatric care, SEND support, and mental health therapy organisations. My specialist interest is in the teenager population, social anxiety and OCD.
Hey! I'm Anna, a CBT Therapist specialised in children, pre-teens, adolescents and young adults; ages 5-25. I can also work with adults. I treat anxiety (social, health, separation, phobias, worry, panic, perfectionism), depression, self esteem, OCD and PTSD / trauma. I help with emotions such as stress, sadness and anger; and self harm, suicidal thoughts and intrusive thoughts. I have 10 years experience across; school, college and university student wellbeing, NHS (CAMHS), inpatient psychiatric care, SEND support, and mental health therapy organisations. My specialist interest is in the teenager population, social anxiety and OCD.
0117 463 0506 View 0117 463 0506

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Whitechapel, London

300+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in Whitechapel, London who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
85% Depression
84% Self Esteem
82% Relationship Issues
80% Stress
68% Trauma and PTSD
61% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Aviva
70% AXA PPP
59% Vitality

How Counsellors in Whitechapel, London see their clients

62% In Person and Online
38% Online Only

Gender breakdown

70% Female
28% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Whitechapel, London?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.