Counselling in South East London, London

Photo of Cheryl Reid PsychDip, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Cheryl Reid PsychDip
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE4
I offer a safe and confidential space whereby any issues,challenges or difficulties can be confronted enabling a deeper understanding of your self. My approach is humanistic as well as cognitive behavioural with a focus on the past and the present and how our past and unconscious feelings influence our current thinking and behaviour. I believe in creating a trusting and supportive therapeutic alliance whereby you can feel safe to share and explore whatever is worrying you. I have worked within various therapeutic settings working with individuals and groups including domestic violence and substance misuse both short and long term.
I offer a safe and confidential space whereby any issues,challenges or difficulties can be confronted enabling a deeper understanding of your self. My approach is humanistic as well as cognitive behavioural with a focus on the past and the present and how our past and unconscious feelings influence our current thinking and behaviour. I believe in creating a trusting and supportive therapeutic alliance whereby you can feel safe to share and explore whatever is worrying you. I have worked within various therapeutic settings working with individuals and groups including domestic violence and substance misuse both short and long term.
020 4538 3821 View 020 4538 3821
Photo of Hettie Chadwick Dickinson, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
Hettie Chadwick Dickinson
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE6
Life can feel complicated at times. Therapy can be helpful in providing a trusting and consistence space in which you can begin to make sense of your world. Art is a powerful and safe tool that can bring awareness to those hidden parts of ourself that we may find hard to recognise. Art can also help us to express those feelings which words cannot and begin to gain clarity. I work collaboratively with people to better understand themselves, regain autonomy, enhance confidence and work towards creating awareness and fulfilment in their life and relationships.
Life can feel complicated at times. Therapy can be helpful in providing a trusting and consistence space in which you can begin to make sense of your world. Art is a powerful and safe tool that can bring awareness to those hidden parts of ourself that we may find hard to recognise. Art can also help us to express those feelings which words cannot and begin to gain clarity. I work collaboratively with people to better understand themselves, regain autonomy, enhance confidence and work towards creating awareness and fulfilment in their life and relationships.
020 7123 8543 View 020 7123 8543
Photo of Dr Christiana Eke. Phd. Counsellor And Life Coach in South East London, London, England
Dr Christiana Eke. Phd. Counsellor And Life Coach
PhD
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE9  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Christiana. I am a counsellor and life coach who guides clients with their concerns, individual, couple or family. Do you have relationship or personal development issues that need help to solve? Are you suffering and smiling in your relationships or marriage? Are you equally having problems finding solutions to challenges that affect your relationship with your children, friends, spouse, or inlaws? Are you looking for a life coach or counselor to support you in achieving your goals and reaching your full potential? I will help you with effective results via video, or email sessions. The email counselling is 24/7.
Hello, my name is Christiana. I am a counsellor and life coach who guides clients with their concerns, individual, couple or family. Do you have relationship or personal development issues that need help to solve? Are you suffering and smiling in your relationships or marriage? Are you equally having problems finding solutions to challenges that affect your relationship with your children, friends, spouse, or inlaws? Are you looking for a life coach or counselor to support you in achieving your goals and reaching your full potential? I will help you with effective results via video, or email sessions. The email counselling is 24/7.
07852 238096 View 07852 238096
Photo of Chloe DaCosta, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
Chloe DaCosta
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE24
To say a bit about myself, I’m trained at Masters (MSc) level in Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy. I have worked at Waterloo Community Counselling for four years, an NHS multidisciplinary team working with survivors of child sexual abuse and a men’s residential unit which delivers personalised support for men with complex mental health needs. My style of working is psychodynamic. In its simplest form, this involves thinking about how your past impacts your current lived experience. A process that involves us thinking together about relationships in the past and present, whilst exploring unconscious thought processes.
To say a bit about myself, I’m trained at Masters (MSc) level in Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy. I have worked at Waterloo Community Counselling for four years, an NHS multidisciplinary team working with survivors of child sexual abuse and a men’s residential unit which delivers personalised support for men with complex mental health needs. My style of working is psychodynamic. In its simplest form, this involves thinking about how your past impacts your current lived experience. A process that involves us thinking together about relationships in the past and present, whilst exploring unconscious thought processes.
020 3835 5381 View 020 3835 5381
Photo of Phillip Mapoma, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Phillip Mapoma
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE8  (Online Only)
I know that life has become really challenging and difficult to cope with. The stress and pressure we face has affected our health, work, relationships and mental well-being. Despite all our best efforts to manage, nothing seems to work. It’s during these times that having someone qualified and experienced to talk with and support us becomes a much-needed relief – especially as some of the difficulties we are going through are deep rooted and stem from painful childhood experiences like changing schools 6 different times, abuse, a bike accident and not having many friends. This is something I can personally identify with.
I know that life has become really challenging and difficult to cope with. The stress and pressure we face has affected our health, work, relationships and mental well-being. Despite all our best efforts to manage, nothing seems to work. It’s during these times that having someone qualified and experienced to talk with and support us becomes a much-needed relief – especially as some of the difficulties we are going through are deep rooted and stem from painful childhood experiences like changing schools 6 different times, abuse, a bike accident and not having many friends. This is something I can personally identify with.
020 3835 2866 View 020 3835 2866
Photo of Judith Worrell, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Judith Worrell
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE13
Maybe you are at a point where you wish to understand yourself and your reactions to difficult life events such as trauma, discrimination , loss or illness. Perhaps you are wanting to develop a better relationship with yourself and would like more respect and reciprocity in your relationships with others but feel unsure how you might put this into place? Healing and growth can both exciting and scary. But if you are open to learning from setbacks and making helpful changes, then progress is possible.
Maybe you are at a point where you wish to understand yourself and your reactions to difficult life events such as trauma, discrimination , loss or illness. Perhaps you are wanting to develop a better relationship with yourself and would like more respect and reciprocity in your relationships with others but feel unsure how you might put this into place? Healing and growth can both exciting and scary. But if you are open to learning from setbacks and making helpful changes, then progress is possible.
020 8138 8624 View 020 8138 8624
Photo of Kirsty Carmichael, Psychologist in South East London, London, England
Kirsty Carmichael
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE3  (Online Only)
I am Dr Kirsty Carmichael and I am a Practitioner Psychologist registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) with more than 12 years experience of working in the NHS. I offer a range of psychological therapies for adults, young people, couples and families.
I am Dr Kirsty Carmichael and I am a Practitioner Psychologist registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) with more than 12 years experience of working in the NHS. I offer a range of psychological therapies for adults, young people, couples and families.
020 3835 5282 View 020 3835 5282
Photo of Zac Campbell, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
Zac Campbell
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South East London, London SE22
I am a firm believer in the transformational potential of the psychotherapeutic relationship and the resilience of the human spirit. Taking the first step towards therapy can be daunting, but it’s an act of courage and self-care. I commend you for considering it and I would be honoured to accompany you on your journey towards self-discovery. We would work together to explore your feelings, thoughts and behaviours so you can better understand yourself and others. Whether you are struggling with Anxiety, depression, relationship issues, or simply seeking personal development I am here to support you.
I am a firm believer in the transformational potential of the psychotherapeutic relationship and the resilience of the human spirit. Taking the first step towards therapy can be daunting, but it’s an act of courage and self-care. I commend you for considering it and I would be honoured to accompany you on your journey towards self-discovery. We would work together to explore your feelings, thoughts and behaviours so you can better understand yourself and others. Whether you are struggling with Anxiety, depression, relationship issues, or simply seeking personal development I am here to support you.
020 3962 1794 View 020 3962 1794
Photo of The Good Mental Health Company, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
The Good Mental Health Company
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE1
We welcome new clients who are seeking low-fee counselling either face-to-face in Elephant and Castle, or online throughout the UK. Please visit www.thegoodmentalhealthcompany.com to find out more, and to book an assessment.
We welcome new clients who are seeking low-fee counselling either face-to-face in Elephant and Castle, or online throughout the UK. Please visit www.thegoodmentalhealthcompany.com to find out more, and to book an assessment.
020 4538 8846 View 020 4538 8846
Photo of Bev Bailey, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Bev Bailey
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE2
Are you looking for help with a relationship? Perhaps you have tried everything and nothing has worked and now you're feeling increasingly desperate and have no idea what to do next. Maybe you really want is to say that it was all a misunderstanding. Are you dealing with this situation on your own with no-one to talk to about how YOU feel? Facing another day trying to work it out impacting other relationships and work as you can't seem to concentrate on anything else. Counselling can help you to form healthy relationships, look after yourself better and feel more confident in many ways about the relationships you choose.
Are you looking for help with a relationship? Perhaps you have tried everything and nothing has worked and now you're feeling increasingly desperate and have no idea what to do next. Maybe you really want is to say that it was all a misunderstanding. Are you dealing with this situation on your own with no-one to talk to about how YOU feel? Facing another day trying to work it out impacting other relationships and work as you can't seem to concentrate on anything else. Counselling can help you to form healthy relationships, look after yourself better and feel more confident in many ways about the relationships you choose.
020 3856 8996 View 020 3856 8996
Photo of Sabrina Green, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Sabrina Green
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE14  (Online Only)
I am a person-centred counsellor and I provide a wide range of therapy. I am also a sexual violence trauma specialist, my primary focus is on providing support and healing to individuals who have experienced sexual violence, including childhood sexual abuse, rape, and domestic violence. My approach to therapy is person-centred, meaning that I prioritize the client's needs, goals, and experiences in the therapeutic process. Through years of experience working with women who have experienced sexual violence, I have developed a deep understanding of the complex and devastating impact of trauma on individuals and their relationships.
I am a person-centred counsellor and I provide a wide range of therapy. I am also a sexual violence trauma specialist, my primary focus is on providing support and healing to individuals who have experienced sexual violence, including childhood sexual abuse, rape, and domestic violence. My approach to therapy is person-centred, meaning that I prioritize the client's needs, goals, and experiences in the therapeutic process. Through years of experience working with women who have experienced sexual violence, I have developed a deep understanding of the complex and devastating impact of trauma on individuals and their relationships.
020 3540 6430 View 020 3540 6430
Photo of Alice Davidson, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Alice Davidson
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE1
I am an integrative counselling psychologist, having trained in different modalities I use my expertise to inform guide my work. I have 9 years experience working as a therapist. My focus is on your goals for therapy and helping you to notice how your life experiences, self view, and relationships impact you currently.
I am an integrative counselling psychologist, having trained in different modalities I use my expertise to inform guide my work. I have 9 years experience working as a therapist. My focus is on your goals for therapy and helping you to notice how your life experiences, self view, and relationships impact you currently.
View
Photo of Jana Martiskova Phd, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
Jana Martiskova Phd
Psychotherapist, PhD, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South East London, London SE1
Hello, there are many different reasons that brought you here to read these lines. Maybe you are experiencing negative emotions and feel overwhelmed by them. Maybe you have lots of worries, unwanted, or self-critical thoughts that are difficult to control. Or maybe you struggle with unhealthy behaviours you want to change, but you do not know how. Are you stuck and it is difficult for you to make decisions and take actions? Or maybe you want to find a therapist for someone you love and care about. Taking the first step might be daunting. Could I be the right person for you? I am a CBT therapist offering in-person and online sessions
Hello, there are many different reasons that brought you here to read these lines. Maybe you are experiencing negative emotions and feel overwhelmed by them. Maybe you have lots of worries, unwanted, or self-critical thoughts that are difficult to control. Or maybe you struggle with unhealthy behaviours you want to change, but you do not know how. Are you stuck and it is difficult for you to make decisions and take actions? Or maybe you want to find a therapist for someone you love and care about. Taking the first step might be daunting. Could I be the right person for you? I am a CBT therapist offering in-person and online sessions
020 3835 5102 View 020 3835 5102
Photo of Sonia Barrachina, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Sonia Barrachina
Counsellor, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap.
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE16  (Online Only)
EMDR can offer a brief, focused treatment where you remain in control of your self-healing process and can empower you to make life changes. NICE and WHO recognize EMDR for the treatment of PTSD, but it also helps with various MH conditions. If you are a young person, adult, or elder that have experienced a traumatic event, is dealing with sleep difficulties, anxiety, emotional/self-confidence issues, intrusive memories/thoughts, or suffering from a phobia. You have wanted to act on this but have not found the time or the therapy that suits you. NOW might be the time. EMDR the approach, and I am right here to guide you through.
EMDR can offer a brief, focused treatment where you remain in control of your self-healing process and can empower you to make life changes. NICE and WHO recognize EMDR for the treatment of PTSD, but it also helps with various MH conditions. If you are a young person, adult, or elder that have experienced a traumatic event, is dealing with sleep difficulties, anxiety, emotional/self-confidence issues, intrusive memories/thoughts, or suffering from a phobia. You have wanted to act on this but have not found the time or the therapy that suits you. NOW might be the time. EMDR the approach, and I am right here to guide you through.
020 3834 8188 View 020 3834 8188
Photo of John Igoe, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
John Igoe
Psychotherapist, MA, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE10
Seeking therapy can offer insights into one's life, especially during times of stress, change, or personal struggles such as anxiety, depression, substance abuse, or a sense of meaninglessness. I aim to provide a trustworthy and non-judgmental space; the relationship with your therapist can be transformative, aiding personal growth and improving relational dynamics. I believe everyone's journey is different, so I adapt my approach to fit your personal story, needs, and aspirations.
Seeking therapy can offer insights into one's life, especially during times of stress, change, or personal struggles such as anxiety, depression, substance abuse, or a sense of meaninglessness. I aim to provide a trustworthy and non-judgmental space; the relationship with your therapist can be transformative, aiding personal growth and improving relational dynamics. I believe everyone's journey is different, so I adapt my approach to fit your personal story, needs, and aspirations.
020 3856 8169 View 020 3856 8169
Lorna Mullard
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE6
Do you need space and time to talk? If so, I am here to offer you the time and space to explore your worries and concerns in a confidential and safe environment. In a busy world full of judgements and rules, I can offer you a space where your thoughts and worries will be heard, acknowledged and respected. I can provide you with a place where you will not feel judged and where you can feel free to express your deepest concerns. I can appreciate that making the first step can be incredibly challenging. If you have not experienced any counselling or psychotherapy before it is understandable that you may be nervous about what to expect.
Do you need space and time to talk? If so, I am here to offer you the time and space to explore your worries and concerns in a confidential and safe environment. In a busy world full of judgements and rules, I can offer you a space where your thoughts and worries will be heard, acknowledged and respected. I can provide you with a place where you will not feel judged and where you can feel free to express your deepest concerns. I can appreciate that making the first step can be incredibly challenging. If you have not experienced any counselling or psychotherapy before it is understandable that you may be nervous about what to expect.
020 8138 8630 View 020 8138 8630
Photo of Elizabeth Clare Mouncher Emdr Acred Practioner, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
Elizabeth Clare Mouncher Emdr Acred Practioner
Psychotherapist, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE6
I am an EMDR Practitioner and Psychotherapist with 20 years experience. I understand that most people experience difficulties at some stage of their life, anxiety and depression are often the symptoms of these difficulties. I can offer strategies that will support you as you explore the causes of your difficulties whether it is with your career, relationships or just feeling stuck and a lack of motivation. Thoughts and feelings can be hard to identify alone, I can offer you the space to understand these thoughts and feelings in a confidential and supportive environment.
I am an EMDR Practitioner and Psychotherapist with 20 years experience. I understand that most people experience difficulties at some stage of their life, anxiety and depression are often the symptoms of these difficulties. I can offer strategies that will support you as you explore the causes of your difficulties whether it is with your career, relationships or just feeling stuck and a lack of motivation. Thoughts and feelings can be hard to identify alone, I can offer you the space to understand these thoughts and feelings in a confidential and supportive environment.
020 8106 5723 View 020 8106 5723
Photo of Aretha Moore, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Aretha Moore
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE23
Not accepting new clients
I am an integrative therapist that qualified in 2008. I’ve worked with a range of clients with diverse presenting issues. I also have 16 years experience of working with adults presenting with historic, childhood sexual abuse. I have a passion to help those who feel defeated, but haven't quite learnt the tools to overcome. Finding the right counsellor can seem a bit overwhelming. This is why the counselling relationship is very important to me and is key in helping to achieve your goals. I initially use the Person Centred approach to create a safe, non-judgemental, contained, therapeutic space for you and will work at your pace.
I am an integrative therapist that qualified in 2008. I’ve worked with a range of clients with diverse presenting issues. I also have 16 years experience of working with adults presenting with historic, childhood sexual abuse. I have a passion to help those who feel defeated, but haven't quite learnt the tools to overcome. Finding the right counsellor can seem a bit overwhelming. This is why the counselling relationship is very important to me and is key in helping to achieve your goals. I initially use the Person Centred approach to create a safe, non-judgemental, contained, therapeutic space for you and will work at your pace.
07427 546849 View 07427 546849
Photo of Sarah Rees, Counsellor in South East London, London, England
Sarah Rees
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE8
I believe we can all benefit from therapy by giving ourselves time to focus. Psychotherapy has helped me know myself better. As a counsellor and psychotherapist I will listen to you carefully to discern the key areas of concern, and work with you to enable understanding and consider with you ways to bring about change.
I believe we can all benefit from therapy by giving ourselves time to focus. Psychotherapy has helped me know myself better. As a counsellor and psychotherapist I will listen to you carefully to discern the key areas of concern, and work with you to enable understanding and consider with you ways to bring about change.
020 3984 7584 View 020 3984 7584
Photo of Gianina Ionela Ardeleanu, Psychotherapist in South East London, London, England
Gianina Ionela Ardeleanu
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
South East London, London SE1
Hey! What brings you here? What hurts? What are your struggles? What keeps you stuck? Is it a relationship with a loved one? A parent, a child, a partner or a friend? Is it depression, overwhelming feelings of sadness, loss of joy, sleepless nights, no desire to get out of bed, avoiding friends or family members? Is it anxiety or panic attacks, intrusive thoughts, constantly worrying, creating worst scenarios? Is it a sense of not feeling good enough, comparing yourself to others in a negative light, second guessing your actions, feeling judged, having a sense that your existence is a waste of time?
Hey! What brings you here? What hurts? What are your struggles? What keeps you stuck? Is it a relationship with a loved one? A parent, a child, a partner or a friend? Is it depression, overwhelming feelings of sadness, loss of joy, sleepless nights, no desire to get out of bed, avoiding friends or family members? Is it anxiety or panic attacks, intrusive thoughts, constantly worrying, creating worst scenarios? Is it a sense of not feeling good enough, comparing yourself to others in a negative light, second guessing your actions, feeling judged, having a sense that your existence is a waste of time?
020 3962 0971 View 020 3962 0971

See more therapy options for South East London, London

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in South East London, London

1,000+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in South East London, London who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
86% Depression
85% Self Esteem
81% Relationship Issues
80% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD
64% Bereavement

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Aviva
62% AXA PPP
59% Vitality

How Counsellors in South East London, London see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
27% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in South East London, London?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.