Anxiety Counselling in Liverpool

Photo of Jamie Burns, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Jamie Burns
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Liverpool L12
Feeling anxious or stressed? Suffering with depression or low self-esteem? Having family, work or life related issues? Believe you have or have been given a diagnosis of ADHD or Autism and would like to know more about it? Do you have addiction issues? Or problems from the past you would like to explore. I am here to support you.
Feeling anxious or stressed? Suffering with depression or low self-esteem? Having family, work or life related issues? Believe you have or have been given a diagnosis of ADHD or Autism and would like to know more about it? Do you have addiction issues? Or problems from the past you would like to explore. I am here to support you.
0151 453 0819 View 0151 453 0819
Photo of Charles Bradshaw - charles bradshaw, PsychD, BACP, Psychotherapist
charles bradshaw
Psychotherapist, PsychD, BACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L9
CBT is about collaboration and building good foundations -in helping you to overcome your fears and worries, that may happen in your future.
My practice as a therapist covers Person centred counseling and CBT. PCC helps you to look at how your feeling, may impact on your day today experiences. CBT helps you to track your thoughts, emotions and behaviours. Both models help you to gain control and learn new skills to reinforce change. They Futher help you to set goals and with the help of mindfulness, helps you to forge new pathways. Mindfulness helps you to make changes in the present moment, addiction, phobias, anxiety and depression, OCD. Therapy is always about what you would like to change in the future. PCC and CBT help you to see your new change and what fits.
CBT is about collaboration and building good foundations -in helping you to overcome your fears and worries, that may happen in your future.
My practice as a therapist covers Person centred counseling and CBT. PCC helps you to look at how your feeling, may impact on your day today experiences. CBT helps you to track your thoughts, emotions and behaviours. Both models help you to gain control and learn new skills to reinforce change. They Futher help you to set goals and with the help of mindfulness, helps you to forge new pathways. Mindfulness helps you to make changes in the present moment, addiction, phobias, anxiety and depression, OCD. Therapy is always about what you would like to change in the future. PCC and CBT help you to see your new change and what fits.
0161 524 6746 View 0161 524 6746
Photo of Kelly Sartorius, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Kelly Sartorius
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Liverpool L32
Seeking counselling is a brave step toward self-discovery and healing. Counselling is most sought after for a variety of reasons, such as anxiety or depression navigating life transitions, stress, trauma and bereavement also relationship enhancement, and promoting self-awareness and personal development. I am compassionate and understanding. I offer a tailored approach to therapy. Do you want to feel heard, validated, and supported in a safe, non-judgmental space, then look know further. I combine various psychological models, including CBT, person-centred therapy and psychdynamic. I work weekdays, weekends, evenings & late nights
Seeking counselling is a brave step toward self-discovery and healing. Counselling is most sought after for a variety of reasons, such as anxiety or depression navigating life transitions, stress, trauma and bereavement also relationship enhancement, and promoting self-awareness and personal development. I am compassionate and understanding. I offer a tailored approach to therapy. Do you want to feel heard, validated, and supported in a safe, non-judgmental space, then look know further. I combine various psychological models, including CBT, person-centred therapy and psychdynamic. I work weekdays, weekends, evenings & late nights
0151 453 4516 View 0151 453 4516
Photo of Michelle Robinson, BACP, Counsellor
Michelle Robinson
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L18
I have worked with clients with many issues, such as, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem.
My name is Michelle, and I am a person-centred counsellor and clinical hypnotherapist. Life can seem unmanageable at times, and you might find yourself reading this because you are dealing with an issue that feels overwhelming. Whatever the reason may be, you are not alone. People seek counselling for different reasons, from stress, anxiety, depression, PTSD, childhood trauma and relationship issues, to name but a few. Counselling can support you to help yourself in a way that acknowledges feelings and helps you to understand yourself better, aiding you to make positive lasting changes in your life.
I have worked with clients with many issues, such as, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem.
My name is Michelle, and I am a person-centred counsellor and clinical hypnotherapist. Life can seem unmanageable at times, and you might find yourself reading this because you are dealing with an issue that feels overwhelming. Whatever the reason may be, you are not alone. People seek counselling for different reasons, from stress, anxiety, depression, PTSD, childhood trauma and relationship issues, to name but a few. Counselling can support you to help yourself in a way that acknowledges feelings and helps you to understand yourself better, aiding you to make positive lasting changes in your life.
01923 961749 View 01923 961749
Photo of Peter Banczyk, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Peter Banczyk
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
While Doctors make up around 40% of my clients, I have helped people from all walks of life in my 24 years of practice, and if you are looking for a compassionate and experienced therapist, I may be right for you. I can help with; attachment, trauma, anxiety, depression, overwork / work stress, personal relationships, and more. A healthy self-relationship is, I believe, a much neglected and misunderstood area and one I help many people with each year. Video sessions can be an easy way to access a skilled practitioner with 20+ years of experience. You can find out more information about me on my website and read my blog.
While Doctors make up around 40% of my clients, I have helped people from all walks of life in my 24 years of practice, and if you are looking for a compassionate and experienced therapist, I may be right for you. I can help with; attachment, trauma, anxiety, depression, overwork / work stress, personal relationships, and more. A healthy self-relationship is, I believe, a much neglected and misunderstood area and one I help many people with each year. Video sessions can be an easy way to access a skilled practitioner with 20+ years of experience. You can find out more information about me on my website and read my blog.
0151 318 7790 View 0151 318 7790
Photo of Lynsey Corner - The Therapy Corner, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
The Therapy Corner
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L36  (Online Only)
I offer Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for disorder specific intervention such as OCD, social anxiety, low mood, GAD, phobia, trauma.
Hi my name is Lynsey and I am a Registered Mental Health Nurse in which I specialise in child and adolescent mental health. I am BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing) Therapist. I have completed the specialised EMDR training for children which enables me to work with children and young people from the age of 2 years old.
I offer Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for disorder specific intervention such as OCD, social anxiety, low mood, GAD, phobia, trauma.
Hi my name is Lynsey and I am a Registered Mental Health Nurse in which I specialise in child and adolescent mental health. I am BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing) Therapist. I have completed the specialised EMDR training for children which enables me to work with children and young people from the age of 2 years old.
0151 453 4604 View 0151 453 4604
Photo of Dr Miguel Montenegro, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Miguel Montenegro
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Liverpool L1
Not accepting new clients
I am a Chartered and Registered Clinical Psychologist, Neuropsychologist and Psychotherapist based in Liverpool City Centre and online for video calls. Going to clients is possible but only when appointments are funded by NHS, local authorities, and accident claims cases. I work with people who need specific assessments and therapy for anxiety, depression, bipolar, PTSD, ADHD, Autism, psychosis, low self-esteem, work-related stress, brain injuries, dementia, learning disabilities, personality disorders, relationship issues and many more. Appointments in English and Portuguese languages.
I am a Chartered and Registered Clinical Psychologist, Neuropsychologist and Psychotherapist based in Liverpool City Centre and online for video calls. Going to clients is possible but only when appointments are funded by NHS, local authorities, and accident claims cases. I work with people who need specific assessments and therapy for anxiety, depression, bipolar, PTSD, ADHD, Autism, psychosis, low self-esteem, work-related stress, brain injuries, dementia, learning disabilities, personality disorders, relationship issues and many more. Appointments in English and Portuguese languages.
0151 318 0559 View 0151 318 0559
Photo of Ishbel Grace Straker
Ishbel Grace Straker
Verified Verified
Liverpool L3
As the owner and director of I Straker Consultants, working from my private practice at The Honeycomb Building in Liverpool city centre, I specialise in Anxiety, Depression, Drug, Alcohol, Mental Health, Perimenopausal and Gambling addiction treatment in Liverpool, Merseyside and the surrounding areas. I am a Consultant Prescribing Nurse who studied Psychiatric Nursing at University of Central Lancashire and gained her Masters in Prescribing at the University of West London. Ishbel specialises in ADHD assessments, diagnosis and treatment for adults. The charges for these assessments are £390. .
As the owner and director of I Straker Consultants, working from my private practice at The Honeycomb Building in Liverpool city centre, I specialise in Anxiety, Depression, Drug, Alcohol, Mental Health, Perimenopausal and Gambling addiction treatment in Liverpool, Merseyside and the surrounding areas. I am a Consultant Prescribing Nurse who studied Psychiatric Nursing at University of Central Lancashire and gained her Masters in Prescribing at the University of West London. Ishbel specialises in ADHD assessments, diagnosis and treatment for adults. The charges for these assessments are £390. .
0151 318 5807 View 0151 318 5807
Photo of Samantha Allport-Rowley, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Samantha Allport-Rowley
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Liverpool L16  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Sammy, If you are browsing this website, it might be because you feel something is not quite right. Perhaps you are feeling overwhelmed by frustration and anger. Have you felt loneliness, anxiety, or sadness creeping in? Or do you feel "stuck"? Maybe you're not sure what's wrong but you feel that something needs to change. Counselling can help and is, I believe, essentially a conversation where you feel truly listened to, and understood without worry of interruption, judgement or criticism. A conversation which, at times, can be difficult but can lead to a deeper understanding of yourself and your situation.
Hello, I'm Sammy, If you are browsing this website, it might be because you feel something is not quite right. Perhaps you are feeling overwhelmed by frustration and anger. Have you felt loneliness, anxiety, or sadness creeping in? Or do you feel "stuck"? Maybe you're not sure what's wrong but you feel that something needs to change. Counselling can help and is, I believe, essentially a conversation where you feel truly listened to, and understood without worry of interruption, judgement or criticism. A conversation which, at times, can be difficult but can lead to a deeper understanding of yourself and your situation.
0151 318 0922 View 0151 318 0922
Photo of Kerry Traynier, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Kerry Traynier
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L2
I am a Person-Centred Experiential (PCE) Therapist with a degree in Counselling & Psychotherapy and a MSc in Psychology. I have worked alongside clients in different settings including private practice, volunteering and the NHS. This has enabled me to build and enhance my skills and experience in working with different emotional distresses such as stress, anxiety, depression and bereavement. The non-directive talking therapy I am trained within is focused upon creating a meaningful therapeutic relationship in which an individual can feel secure and able to process emotions and experiences and to build self-awareness and self-growth.
I am a Person-Centred Experiential (PCE) Therapist with a degree in Counselling & Psychotherapy and a MSc in Psychology. I have worked alongside clients in different settings including private practice, volunteering and the NHS. This has enabled me to build and enhance my skills and experience in working with different emotional distresses such as stress, anxiety, depression and bereavement. The non-directive talking therapy I am trained within is focused upon creating a meaningful therapeutic relationship in which an individual can feel secure and able to process emotions and experiences and to build self-awareness and self-growth.
01767 667244 View 01767 667244
Photo of Paula Filipowicz - Paula's Helping Hand, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Paula's Helping Hand
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Liverpool L31
Do you want to manage your stress, feel happier, and be more confident within yourself? Are you feeling overwhelmed, struggling to navigate life's challenges alone? I will listen to you without any judgment, help you understand where your difficulties may be coming from. Whether it's managing anxiety, overcoming past traumas, or enhancing self-esteem, my goal is to provide a safe space for exploration and healing. Let's work together to uncover your strengths, cultivate resilience, and empower you to live a more fulfilling life. Reach out today and take the first step towards your journey of self-discovery and personal growth.
Do you want to manage your stress, feel happier, and be more confident within yourself? Are you feeling overwhelmed, struggling to navigate life's challenges alone? I will listen to you without any judgment, help you understand where your difficulties may be coming from. Whether it's managing anxiety, overcoming past traumas, or enhancing self-esteem, my goal is to provide a safe space for exploration and healing. Let's work together to uncover your strengths, cultivate resilience, and empower you to live a more fulfilling life. Reach out today and take the first step towards your journey of self-discovery and personal growth.
0151 453 2868 View 0151 453 2868
Photo of Greg Schofield - Greg Schofield (speak free counselling), BACP, Counsellor
Greg Schofield (speak free counselling)
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L15  (Online Only)
"Both our anxiety and our fear need to be understood and respected, perhaps even befriended. We need to pull up a chair and sit with them, understand why they're showing up, and ask ourselves what there is to learn." (Brené Brown) The above quote is a helpful way to see how the therapeutic relationship works; together we will explore what you are feelings and experiencing, and together we will sit with them and explore them, seeking to understand them. Whatever you are currently going through, the starting point is that you find a space where you can speak freely about, and from that place you can begin to "speak yourself free".
"Both our anxiety and our fear need to be understood and respected, perhaps even befriended. We need to pull up a chair and sit with them, understand why they're showing up, and ask ourselves what there is to learn." (Brené Brown) The above quote is a helpful way to see how the therapeutic relationship works; together we will explore what you are feelings and experiencing, and together we will sit with them and explore them, seeking to understand them. Whatever you are currently going through, the starting point is that you find a space where you can speak freely about, and from that place you can begin to "speak yourself free".
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Photo of Dr Joanne Lacey, PhD, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Dr Joanne Lacey
Psychotherapist, PhD, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Liverpool L3
I specialise in anxiety treatment, including OCD and intrusive thoughts.
I offer leading edge psychotherapies and neuro-cognitive therapies for mind, mood and body. Working holistically with the physical affect of life experiences, emotions and thoughts is the future of therapy. Working in a holistic integrated way works at a deeper level to drive lasting change, whether we are working through anxiety, depression, trauma, self- esteem issues, relationship, family or work stresses. I am an integrated therapist, which means that I am highly trained in different approaches, enabling us to work flexibly and select the best treatment plan for you.
I specialise in anxiety treatment, including OCD and intrusive thoughts.
I offer leading edge psychotherapies and neuro-cognitive therapies for mind, mood and body. Working holistically with the physical affect of life experiences, emotions and thoughts is the future of therapy. Working in a holistic integrated way works at a deeper level to drive lasting change, whether we are working through anxiety, depression, trauma, self- esteem issues, relationship, family or work stresses. I am an integrated therapist, which means that I am highly trained in different approaches, enabling us to work flexibly and select the best treatment plan for you.
0151 318 0502 View 0151 318 0502
Photo of Donna Harding, BACP, Counsellor
Donna Harding
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L3
Hello, I'm Donna, a dedicated and empathic therapist with over 10 years of experience in the industry, I have my own successful and thriving private practice. I specialise in person-centred therapy, drawing from my extensive background in leadership and mentoring, outdoor and experiential learning. I provide therapy for adults, children, and adolescents dealing with a range of challenges including relationship difficulties, anxiety and mood disorders, trauma, and grief. I also offer specialised support for individuals navigating the impact of childhood trauma on adult life.
Hello, I'm Donna, a dedicated and empathic therapist with over 10 years of experience in the industry, I have my own successful and thriving private practice. I specialise in person-centred therapy, drawing from my extensive background in leadership and mentoring, outdoor and experiential learning. I provide therapy for adults, children, and adolescents dealing with a range of challenges including relationship difficulties, anxiety and mood disorders, trauma, and grief. I also offer specialised support for individuals navigating the impact of childhood trauma on adult life.
0151 541 5362 View 0151 541 5362
Photo of Dr Anthony McSherry, PhD, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Dr Anthony McSherry
Psychotherapist, PhD, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L24
Not accepting new clients
Problems often do not fit into easy categories as each person has their own individual history and way of being, and so difficulties emerge in a unique way to the individual. For example, depression or anxiety might be completely normal reactions to a difficult situation. Anxious about contacting me? I would encourage you not to be too anxious about making contact regarding psychotherapy. Feeling anxious is a normal aspect of therapy, especially at first.
Problems often do not fit into easy categories as each person has their own individual history and way of being, and so difficulties emerge in a unique way to the individual. For example, depression or anxiety might be completely normal reactions to a difficult situation. Anxious about contacting me? I would encourage you not to be too anxious about making contact regarding psychotherapy. Feeling anxious is a normal aspect of therapy, especially at first.
0151 453 6294 View 0151 453 6294
Photo of Sue Christine Grace Whelan, MBACP, Counsellor
Sue Christine Grace Whelan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L25
I am here to offer you a peaceful space to share your worries and fears without being judged.
Hi, my name is Sue. Would you like to feel seen, heard, understood and accepted? Would you like to start gaining more insight into why you feel and think the way you do, and as a result move closer to mastering your emotions and finding peace? Would you like to say what you really think and feel in confidence without being judged? Would you like to improve your self esteem and move towards feeling more empowered? Do you feel overwhelmed, isolated and misunderstood? Do you suffer from depression, anxiety, constant negative thinking (coupled with feelings of fear and anger?) If so, maybe it’s time to talk in a safe space.
I am here to offer you a peaceful space to share your worries and fears without being judged.
Hi, my name is Sue. Would you like to feel seen, heard, understood and accepted? Would you like to start gaining more insight into why you feel and think the way you do, and as a result move closer to mastering your emotions and finding peace? Would you like to say what you really think and feel in confidence without being judged? Would you like to improve your self esteem and move towards feeling more empowered? Do you feel overwhelmed, isolated and misunderstood? Do you suffer from depression, anxiety, constant negative thinking (coupled with feelings of fear and anger?) If so, maybe it’s time to talk in a safe space.
0151 453 6481 View 0151 453 6481
Photo of David Halton, MBACP, Counsellor
David Halton
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L17
If you have found yourself here today, you may be struggling with feelings of low worth. You may be experiencing grief, anxiety, depression, disordered eating, self-harm or have questions about your past or present. Looking up at the mountain ahead of you can feel overwhelming. Reaching out for help is a great first step in making a change. I can help you to work through the beliefs you hold about yourself. I can help you to see how your beliefs – often established during childhood, and your past experiences can have a huge impact on how you feel about yourself, your relationships and your life today.
If you have found yourself here today, you may be struggling with feelings of low worth. You may be experiencing grief, anxiety, depression, disordered eating, self-harm or have questions about your past or present. Looking up at the mountain ahead of you can feel overwhelming. Reaching out for help is a great first step in making a change. I can help you to work through the beliefs you hold about yourself. I can help you to see how your beliefs – often established during childhood, and your past experiences can have a huge impact on how you feel about yourself, your relationships and your life today.
01923 961480 View 01923 961480
Photo of Lindsay Adams, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Lindsay Adams
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L2
As a psychotherapist specializing in child therapy, I’ve worked extensively with children in school settings, addressing anxiety, low mood, school avoidance, ADHD, autism, domestic violence, and bereavement.
I specialize in working with clients who, despite their busy pursuit of success, feel overwhelmed by their emotions and struggle under the weight of their painful pasts. I provide a safe, calm, and creative space to process feelings amidst hectic lives. In our sessions, we explore the causes of emotional distress, identify patterns holding you back, and work through past experiences impacting your present. Using traditional therapeutic techniques and creative methods, I help you reconnect with your true self, and to support you with healing, fostering resilience, clarity, and a more balanced, meaningful life.
As a psychotherapist specializing in child therapy, I’ve worked extensively with children in school settings, addressing anxiety, low mood, school avoidance, ADHD, autism, domestic violence, and bereavement.
I specialize in working with clients who, despite their busy pursuit of success, feel overwhelmed by their emotions and struggle under the weight of their painful pasts. I provide a safe, calm, and creative space to process feelings amidst hectic lives. In our sessions, we explore the causes of emotional distress, identify patterns holding you back, and work through past experiences impacting your present. Using traditional therapeutic techniques and creative methods, I help you reconnect with your true self, and to support you with healing, fostering resilience, clarity, and a more balanced, meaningful life.
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Photo of Lisa Gaylor, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Lisa Gaylor
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Liverpool L8  (Online Only)
I specialise in providing support for anxiety, depression, and relationship issues.
Tiktok, Insta, wellness influencers - we're living in a time of information overload when it comes to mental health. But with all this awareness and advice, it can be easy to get overwhelmed. Counselling can be a great way to get a clearer picture of your unique needs and to develop personalised strategies to meet them. Are you looking for an alternative to doom-scrolling to manage your worries and stresses? Tired of "numbing out?" Have you been Googling derealisation and hating what you find? Let's talk about it.
I specialise in providing support for anxiety, depression, and relationship issues.
Tiktok, Insta, wellness influencers - we're living in a time of information overload when it comes to mental health. But with all this awareness and advice, it can be easy to get overwhelmed. Counselling can be a great way to get a clearer picture of your unique needs and to develop personalised strategies to meet them. Are you looking for an alternative to doom-scrolling to manage your worries and stresses? Tired of "numbing out?" Have you been Googling derealisation and hating what you find? Let's talk about it.
01767 669719 View 01767 669719
Photo of Lesley Anne Rimmer - Lesley Rimmer - RR Counselling & Psychotherapy , MBACP, Psychotherapist
Lesley Rimmer - RR Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Liverpool L9  (Online Only)
We all experience difficult times in our lives, suffering anxiety, depression, stress, anger, relationship issues, grief, bereavement, physical illness, emotional/physical abuse, low mood, and low motivation, to name just a few of the reasons people come to therapy. At times we will feel like we don’t want to ‘burden’ people with how we feel so we try to push through and carry on, we try to pretend all is ok, we try and cope by putting on a smile and a brave face, often we simply find we are unable to move forward and feel stuck.
We all experience difficult times in our lives, suffering anxiety, depression, stress, anger, relationship issues, grief, bereavement, physical illness, emotional/physical abuse, low mood, and low motivation, to name just a few of the reasons people come to therapy. At times we will feel like we don’t want to ‘burden’ people with how we feel so we try to push through and carry on, we try to pretend all is ok, we try and cope by putting on a smile and a brave face, often we simply find we are unable to move forward and feel stuck.
01229 260428 View 01229 260428
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Anxiety Counsellors

What are the most common treatments for anxiety?

Talk therapy, particularly cognitive behavioural therapy, is the most common treatment for anxiety. Studies have shown it is equally effective as medication. Other forms of therapy are popular, depending on a patient’s experience. Exposure therapy, for instance, can be useful for people dealing with fears and phobias, or who have experienced traumatic events. Dialectical Behavioural Therapy may be useful for patients who need help with emotion regulation. Anxiolytic medications, like benzodiazepines, can also help with calming a person enough to focus on the skills they’ve learned, and physical exercise has been shown to help symptoms of anxiety across the board.

How long does therapy for anxiety take to work?

The amount of time needed to alleviate symptoms depends on the severity of a person’s condition. Some therapies may take 5-20 weekly sessions to show results. Anti-depressant medications typically take two to four weeks before a benefit is felt. Anti-anxiety medications are felt typically within 20-30 minutes. Medications are best used to offer a patient a better headspace in which to work on techniques learned in therapy. Exercise, improved sleep habits, and meditation are effective, but takes weeks or months to show results.

When should I seek treatment for anxiety?

Everyone feels anxious at times, but when anxiety causes disruption to your daily life, it may be time to seek help. Such disruption can be mental, physical, or both: having fear dominate your thoughts, avoiding situations or objects that bring on feelings of anxiety, or experiencing shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness, or panic attacks. When these symptoms are recurrent and distressing, it may be time to talk to someone.

How effective is treatment for anxiety?

Treatment for anxiety has been shown to be moderately to highly effective, according to a large body of psychology studies and analyses. For some people, treatment using CBT or exposure therapy alone is effective. Others respond best to a combination of medication and therapy.