Counselling in Ropewalks, Liverpool

Photo of Dr Jenny Bowe, Psychologist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Dr Jenny Bowe
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
I specialise in working with people who are struggling in their relationships, whether that be with people, food, alcohol, their own past, their self esteem or their work life. I see individuals or couples for therapy and can work online or face to face in Chester. I have specialised in Eating Disorders and Weight Management and helping people understand their relationships with themselves, their bodies and their early history. I work with longstanding mental health problems including anxiety, trauma, depression and loss either individually or in couples.
I specialise in working with people who are struggling in their relationships, whether that be with people, food, alcohol, their own past, their self esteem or their work life. I see individuals or couples for therapy and can work online or face to face in Chester. I have specialised in Eating Disorders and Weight Management and helping people understand their relationships with themselves, their bodies and their early history. I work with longstanding mental health problems including anxiety, trauma, depression and loss either individually or in couples.
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Photo of Julie Ruth Anderson, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Julie Ruth Anderson
Psychotherapist, BACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stuck, lost, or low? Repeating unhelpful patterns in behaviour, and feeling disconnected? Is your relationship with food taking over your life, or does it worsen from time to time when you’re experiencing difficulties? I can help.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stuck, lost, or low? Repeating unhelpful patterns in behaviour, and feeling disconnected? Is your relationship with food taking over your life, or does it worsen from time to time when you’re experiencing difficulties? I can help.
0151 305 4308 View 0151 305 4308
Photo of Dr Virginia Kellond, Psychologist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Dr Virginia Kellond
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
I specialise in supporting people who find themselves in repeated patterns of thinking and behaving that can cause repeated problems with work, intimate relationships, friendships and sometimes the relationship a person has with themselves. People may also find themselves stuck in unhelpful repeated ways of coping with thoughts, feelings and relationships and this can have a significant and detrimental impact on wellbeing and quality of life. Problems such as poor sleep, anxiety, OCD, up and down moods are often the by-product of difficulties with coping.
I specialise in supporting people who find themselves in repeated patterns of thinking and behaving that can cause repeated problems with work, intimate relationships, friendships and sometimes the relationship a person has with themselves. People may also find themselves stuck in unhelpful repeated ways of coping with thoughts, feelings and relationships and this can have a significant and detrimental impact on wellbeing and quality of life. Problems such as poor sleep, anxiety, OCD, up and down moods are often the by-product of difficulties with coping.
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Photo of Dr Lorraine Haye, Psychologist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Dr Lorraine Haye
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
I am a Consultant Clinical Psychologist with over 15 years of experience in mental and physical health services with a range of presenting difficulties. I also have specialist training and experience in providing neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation. I offer a free 15 minute telephone call as an opportunity to ask any questions to identify if we could work together. This can then be followed by a more detailed assessment appointment. After this regular weekly sessions can be arranged to work on your identified goals.
I am a Consultant Clinical Psychologist with over 15 years of experience in mental and physical health services with a range of presenting difficulties. I also have specialist training and experience in providing neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation. I offer a free 15 minute telephone call as an opportunity to ask any questions to identify if we could work together. This can then be followed by a more detailed assessment appointment. After this regular weekly sessions can be arranged to work on your identified goals.
01707 954068 View 01707 954068
Photo of Natalie Rodil, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Natalie Rodil
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
I believe that each person has a unique experience to be shared and deserves to be heard. Often in society people are quick to try and 'fix' or give solutions leaving little room for someone to deeply explore the emotional pain they are in. These experiences can include chronic health, bereavement, feeling shame, rejected, guilty for something that wasn't your fault. Struggling in a relationship, not feeling seen amongst many other issues. If you feel you're going through any of these issues, I am here to help.
I believe that each person has a unique experience to be shared and deserves to be heard. Often in society people are quick to try and 'fix' or give solutions leaving little room for someone to deeply explore the emotional pain they are in. These experiences can include chronic health, bereavement, feeling shame, rejected, guilty for something that wasn't your fault. Struggling in a relationship, not feeling seen amongst many other issues. If you feel you're going through any of these issues, I am here to help.
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Photo of Linda Helena Boutet, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Linda Helena Boutet
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
With 30 years of experience as a BACP registered therapist, I provide authentic, compassionate and insightful support. You may be feeling unhappy and 'stuck' at this point in your life, or may be confused about your life in general. Our past has influenced our present but does not have to determine our future. With support, we can move on and understand ourselves and this is why talking therapy is so useful. We all experience difficulties in life and although you may feel alone, be assured that others have felt the way that you do. I am aware that finding the right therapist can be confusing, hence my low-cost introductory session
With 30 years of experience as a BACP registered therapist, I provide authentic, compassionate and insightful support. You may be feeling unhappy and 'stuck' at this point in your life, or may be confused about your life in general. Our past has influenced our present but does not have to determine our future. With support, we can move on and understand ourselves and this is why talking therapy is so useful. We all experience difficulties in life and although you may feel alone, be assured that others have felt the way that you do. I am aware that finding the right therapist can be confusing, hence my low-cost introductory session
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Photo of Deborah Anne Spencer, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Deborah Anne Spencer
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Hi, my name is Debbie. Thank you for taking the time to read my profile. If you are reading you have already taken the first step...I provide counselling for children, young people, adults. I also provide support for families to meet their identified needs. I work with many presenting issues, such as; anxiety, abuse, loss & bereavement, isolation, depression, exploitation, low mood, relationships, self harm, self worth, stress and many others. I also provide Clinical Supervision to therapists and practitioners. Additional to this I provide EAP Counselling. When individuals seek counselling they have identified that they no longer want to feel sad, lonely, hurt, struggling with day to day life. They want to feel well again, feel happy & positive, be able to focus and plan for the future, improve their wellbeing...
Hi, my name is Debbie. Thank you for taking the time to read my profile. If you are reading you have already taken the first step...I provide counselling for children, young people, adults. I also provide support for families to meet their identified needs. I work with many presenting issues, such as; anxiety, abuse, loss & bereavement, isolation, depression, exploitation, low mood, relationships, self harm, self worth, stress and many others. I also provide Clinical Supervision to therapists and practitioners. Additional to this I provide EAP Counselling. When individuals seek counselling they have identified that they no longer want to feel sad, lonely, hurt, struggling with day to day life. They want to feel well again, feel happy & positive, be able to focus and plan for the future, improve their wellbeing...
01928 244569 View 01928 244569
Photo of Wirral Counselling Service, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Wirral Counselling Service
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Gerri and I am an experienced relationship counsellor. In these worrying days of Coronavirus, our mental health and well-being is being put under greater strain. The impact of this may be affecting your relationships and family life, you may be feeling anxious, worried about your finances, work or your business. Getting support at this time can make a huge difference to how we cope. I offer counselling to individuals and couples.
Hi, my name is Gerri and I am an experienced relationship counsellor. In these worrying days of Coronavirus, our mental health and well-being is being put under greater strain. The impact of this may be affecting your relationships and family life, you may be feeling anxious, worried about your finances, work or your business. Getting support at this time can make a huge difference to how we cope. I offer counselling to individuals and couples.
0151 317 5053 View 0151 317 5053
Photo of Charlotte O'Hanlon, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Charlotte O'Hanlon
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Waitlist for new clients
Hello, my name is Charlotte. I am a fully qualified counsellor & psychotherapist, trained in the person-centred experiential humanistic approach. Most people experience personal difficulties at some stage in our lives. It is quite normal and understandable to struggle with such issues, and to need some help & support during these times. I offer a confidential non- judgemental environment and a in which you can safely explore whatever it is you may be feeling or experiencing, in your own time and at your own pace.
Hello, my name is Charlotte. I am a fully qualified counsellor & psychotherapist, trained in the person-centred experiential humanistic approach. Most people experience personal difficulties at some stage in our lives. It is quite normal and understandable to struggle with such issues, and to need some help & support during these times. I offer a confidential non- judgemental environment and a in which you can safely explore whatever it is you may be feeling or experiencing, in your own time and at your own pace.
0151 453 6660 View 0151 453 6660
Photo of Paula Caffrey, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Paula Caffrey
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
My name is Paula and I am a fully qualified counsellor trained and experienced in Person-Centred Counselling, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. I am compassion focused, open minded and down to earth. I believe we all have an innate wisdom within and the capacity to heal from any of life's trauma's given the right environment and a strong therapeutic alliance. As we are all different I  tailor my approach to the unique needs and individuality of each client, meaning I work in a very authentic and non-prescriptive way.
My name is Paula and I am a fully qualified counsellor trained and experienced in Person-Centred Counselling, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. I am compassion focused, open minded and down to earth. I believe we all have an innate wisdom within and the capacity to heal from any of life's trauma's given the right environment and a strong therapeutic alliance. As we are all different I  tailor my approach to the unique needs and individuality of each client, meaning I work in a very authentic and non-prescriptive way.
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Photo of Sue Antrobus, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Sue Antrobus
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Hello! I specialise in working with women who have depression, anxiety, stress, anger issues, addictions, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, or who wish to explore and deal with trauma or abuse from their past and the impact it is having on their lives today. I have expertise in and I am certified in the clinical treatment of clients who present with complex psychological trauma. I believe the key to healing is in supporting you to transform how your mind, body and soul remembers what has happened to you. This involves bringing to consciousness your patterns and supporting you to heal, change and grow.
Hello! I specialise in working with women who have depression, anxiety, stress, anger issues, addictions, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, or who wish to explore and deal with trauma or abuse from their past and the impact it is having on their lives today. I have expertise in and I am certified in the clinical treatment of clients who present with complex psychological trauma. I believe the key to healing is in supporting you to transform how your mind, body and soul remembers what has happened to you. This involves bringing to consciousness your patterns and supporting you to heal, change and grow.
0161 850 3558 View 0161 850 3558
Photo of Laura Wood-Holden, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Laura Wood-Holden
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
I am warm, kind and non-judgemental. I will work with you on areas of your life where you have identified that you need extra support. I have a special interest in working with women, but welcome clients of all genders. I always respond to enquiries in a timely manner.
I am warm, kind and non-judgemental. I will work with you on areas of your life where you have identified that you need extra support. I have a special interest in working with women, but welcome clients of all genders. I always respond to enquiries in a timely manner.
01767 661119 View 01767 661119
Photo of The Chester Psychology Clinic, Psychologist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
The Chester Psychology Clinic
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
I offer evidence-based psychological therapy to children, young people and families that experience a range of mental health and emotional difficulties. My focus is to collaborate with individuals and communities, tailoring psychological therapies to meet the needs of the families I serve. My mission is to empower children, young people, and families to not only overcome challenges but to thrive and achieve their fullest potential.
I offer evidence-based psychological therapy to children, young people and families that experience a range of mental health and emotional difficulties. My focus is to collaborate with individuals and communities, tailoring psychological therapies to meet the needs of the families I serve. My mission is to empower children, young people, and families to not only overcome challenges but to thrive and achieve their fullest potential.
01829 708168 View 01829 708168
Photo of Rick Hall, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Rick Hall
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
I have experience supporting people with a wide range of issues, including: anxiety, depression, relationships, gender & sexuality, stress, trauma, and feeling stuck or lost. I welcome clients from all backgrounds. I specialise in working with Gender, Sexuality, and Relationship Diversity (GSRD), supporting people who are LGBTQIA+ and/or have diverse relationship styles. I am neurodiversity-affirming, trauma-informed, sex-positive, and kink-knowledgable. None of these things are requirements for working with me, but my experience is there if you need it!
I have experience supporting people with a wide range of issues, including: anxiety, depression, relationships, gender & sexuality, stress, trauma, and feeling stuck or lost. I welcome clients from all backgrounds. I specialise in working with Gender, Sexuality, and Relationship Diversity (GSRD), supporting people who are LGBTQIA+ and/or have diverse relationship styles. I am neurodiversity-affirming, trauma-informed, sex-positive, and kink-knowledgable. None of these things are requirements for working with me, but my experience is there if you need it!
0151 453 0227 View 0151 453 0227
Photo of Georgia Short, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Georgia Short
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Life can be challenging do you feel you're not coping you may feel anxious, angry or low. You might be stuck in a circle of over thinking; I am here to help and ultimately offer a safe environment. I have also been where you are which has given me a deep understanding, I have trained in a broad spectrum of therapy's including psychodynamics, cognitive behaviour therapy and transactional analysis to name a few but to me everyone is an individual so I will tailor the therapy to YOUR needs if you feel that now is the time to take those steps towards a happier you, don’t hesitate to get in touch.
Life can be challenging do you feel you're not coping you may feel anxious, angry or low. You might be stuck in a circle of over thinking; I am here to help and ultimately offer a safe environment. I have also been where you are which has given me a deep understanding, I have trained in a broad spectrum of therapy's including psychodynamics, cognitive behaviour therapy and transactional analysis to name a few but to me everyone is an individual so I will tailor the therapy to YOUR needs if you feel that now is the time to take those steps towards a happier you, don’t hesitate to get in touch.
01923 961931 View 01923 961931
Photo of Robert Hack, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Robert Hack
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Thank you for reading my profile. I provide warm and safe space for you to share your story and explore what’s happening for you. Whether that’s something that’s happening now, or something from your past, I’m here to listen and help you find a way forward. I work with all types of difficulties, including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, bereavement, trauma and abuse. Ultimately, I can help you find relief.
Thank you for reading my profile. I provide warm and safe space for you to share your story and explore what’s happening for you. Whether that’s something that’s happening now, or something from your past, I’m here to listen and help you find a way forward. I work with all types of difficulties, including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, bereavement, trauma and abuse. Ultimately, I can help you find relief.
0151 453 6371 View 0151 453 6371
Photo of Haylea Archer, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Haylea Archer
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Hello, my name is Haylea and I'm an Art Psychotherapist and EMDR Therapist. Perhaps you are struggling with anxiety, depression or have experienced trauma. Or maybe you dont seem to be reaching your goals but you cant put your finger on why. Together we can work together in creating a sense of trust and safety, because when people feel safe, they can do anything. There is such a deep and rich experience that can be had, when art materials and body based practises are involved in therapy. My work is informed by psychodynamic, attachment theory, polyvagal theory and the neurosequential model. I look forward to meeting you.
Hello, my name is Haylea and I'm an Art Psychotherapist and EMDR Therapist. Perhaps you are struggling with anxiety, depression or have experienced trauma. Or maybe you dont seem to be reaching your goals but you cant put your finger on why. Together we can work together in creating a sense of trust and safety, because when people feel safe, they can do anything. There is such a deep and rich experience that can be had, when art materials and body based practises are involved in therapy. My work is informed by psychodynamic, attachment theory, polyvagal theory and the neurosequential model. I look forward to meeting you.
0151 453 3257 View 0151 453 3257
Photo of Clear Mind Counselling, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Clear Mind Counselling
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
From time to time, we all face our own tough challenges. I’ll provide you with support and guidance to work through them, make positive changes, discover peace of mind, clarity, and direction, helping you to overcome any obstacles in your way. I provide a professional, confidential, non-judgemental safe place, where you can be open and honest about your concerns and worries, to explore, understand, unlock, and process the difficult emotions and feelings that you are experiencing. Discover the power of counselling as we work through your concerns together to reclaim your self-worth and find a path to your healthier and happier future
From time to time, we all face our own tough challenges. I’ll provide you with support and guidance to work through them, make positive changes, discover peace of mind, clarity, and direction, helping you to overcome any obstacles in your way. I provide a professional, confidential, non-judgemental safe place, where you can be open and honest about your concerns and worries, to explore, understand, unlock, and process the difficult emotions and feelings that you are experiencing. Discover the power of counselling as we work through your concerns together to reclaim your self-worth and find a path to your healthier and happier future
01248 663137 View 01248 663137
Photo of Jen Davies-Owen, Counsellor in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Jen Davies-Owen
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with disordered eating or an eating disorder? Through therapy we can explore your relationship with food and body image as you find freedom and self acceptance from distress related to eating, food, weight, weight stigma and body image issues. I understand the links between disordered eating and neurodivergence so adapt my approach to meet the needs of neurodivergent clients.
Are you struggling with disordered eating or an eating disorder? Through therapy we can explore your relationship with food and body image as you find freedom and self acceptance from distress related to eating, food, weight, weight stigma and body image issues. I understand the links between disordered eating and neurodivergence so adapt my approach to meet the needs of neurodivergent clients.
01244 667214 View 01244 667214
Photo of Kieran Lee, Psychotherapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool, England
Kieran Lee
Psychotherapist, MHGI
Verified Verified
Ropewalks, Liverpool L1
Mental health doesn't have to be scary! I want to take the fear out of mental health and first help you understand your own...what makes you tick and what's stopping you from ticking? When we understand how to manage our mental health, we can structure our lives to fulfil us in the long and short term. Whatever you're struggling with right now, we will work to uncover that sense of self you might have lost.
Mental health doesn't have to be scary! I want to take the fear out of mental health and first help you understand your own...what makes you tick and what's stopping you from ticking? When we understand how to manage our mental health, we can structure our lives to fulfil us in the long and short term. Whatever you're struggling with right now, we will work to uncover that sense of self you might have lost.
01244 662324 View 01244 662324

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How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Ropewalks, Liverpool

100+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in Ropewalks, Liverpool who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
91% Self Esteem
88% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
85% Stress
71% Bereavement
69% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% Aviva
58% AXA PPP
54% Vitality

How Counsellors in Ropewalks, Liverpool see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Ropewalks, Liverpool?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.