Counselling in Hollywood

Photo of Carla Devereux, Psychotherapist in Hollywood, England
Carla Devereux
Psychotherapist, MA, GMBPsS
Verified
Hollywood B47
I explore practical strategies that support individuals, couples and families dealing with trauma, stress, anxiety, and challenging situations. I delve into the causes of your symptoms and experiences contributing to your current feelings and behaviours. Through a supportive process, you will gain new insights into your situation and acquire new skills to help you cope and move forward. Psychotherapy is relaxed, confidential, and in a safe and friendly environment. Should you feel apprehensive about your first or subsequent sessions, you can bring a friend, parent or partner to the appointment.
I explore practical strategies that support individuals, couples and families dealing with trauma, stress, anxiety, and challenging situations. I delve into the causes of your symptoms and experiences contributing to your current feelings and behaviours. Through a supportive process, you will gain new insights into your situation and acquire new skills to help you cope and move forward. Psychotherapy is relaxed, confidential, and in a safe and friendly environment. Should you feel apprehensive about your first or subsequent sessions, you can bring a friend, parent or partner to the appointment.
0121 312 3546 View 0121 312 3546
Photo of Woodmere CBT, Psychotherapist in Hollywood, England
Woodmere CBT
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
Hollywood B47
Woodmere CBT is a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy practice located in Belfast offering accredited psychotherapy services and specialised grief therapy interventions. Whatever your issue, Woodmere CBT will meet it with compassion, curiosity and care, using a contemporary, rational and evidence based therapy framework which aims to reduce your presenting symptoms and get you thinking, feeling and behaving like the human being you want to be.
Woodmere CBT is a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy practice located in Belfast offering accredited psychotherapy services and specialised grief therapy interventions. Whatever your issue, Woodmere CBT will meet it with compassion, curiosity and care, using a contemporary, rational and evidence based therapy framework which aims to reduce your presenting symptoms and get you thinking, feeling and behaving like the human being you want to be.
028 9694 3938 View 028 9694 3938
Photo of South Birmingham Counselling & Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Hollywood, England
South Birmingham Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
Hollywood B47
Hi, and thank you for visiting my profile. Sadness, anxiety, a lack of confidence, difficulty with relationships and many other issues can overwhelm us. Opening up and starting to make sense of thoughts and feelings can be a difficult but very rewarding process. In a confidential and non-judgmental setting I can offer you support exploring any issues you may struggle with. Paying attention to your individual experience and really trying to understand is very important to me. Taking the first step to seeing a therapist can be difficult so feel free to call or email me should you have any questions. Best wishes, Nicolle
Hi, and thank you for visiting my profile. Sadness, anxiety, a lack of confidence, difficulty with relationships and many other issues can overwhelm us. Opening up and starting to make sense of thoughts and feelings can be a difficult but very rewarding process. In a confidential and non-judgmental setting I can offer you support exploring any issues you may struggle with. Paying attention to your individual experience and really trying to understand is very important to me. Taking the first step to seeing a therapist can be difficult so feel free to call or email me should you have any questions. Best wishes, Nicolle
01564 334998 View 01564 334998

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Dr Kavita Bhalla, Psychologist in Hollywood, England
Dr Kavita Bhalla
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Health Psych.
Verified
Solihull B90
Hello, and a warm welcome. I am a HCPC registered Health Psychologist with over 10 years of experience of working in physical and mental health settings. I currently work within the NHS as a Health Psychologist offering psychological therapy and in private practice. I specialise in the assessment and treatment of adults with a range of physical (long term health condition), psychological and emotional difficulties including (e.g anxiety, depression, confidence/self esteem issues).
Hello, and a warm welcome. I am a HCPC registered Health Psychologist with over 10 years of experience of working in physical and mental health settings. I currently work within the NHS as a Health Psychologist offering psychological therapy and in private practice. I specialise in the assessment and treatment of adults with a range of physical (long term health condition), psychological and emotional difficulties including (e.g anxiety, depression, confidence/self esteem issues).
0121 227 5407 View 0121 227 5407
Photo of Beata Bakiej, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Beata Bakiej
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Birmingham B14  (Online Only)
Life has a way of taking us down some pretty rough roads at times, and it can make us feel alone, anxious, angry, confused, all sorts of emotions, that when left can build and bring us down even further. Sometimes we can feel overwhelmed and it can interfere with our enjoyment of life and keep us stuck. Breath, you are not alone. Sometimes you just need someone to hear you. I’m here to listen and assist you with the issues you are experiencing. I have a passion for helping people learn to cope with and overcome the issues that are hindering their lives. It can be daunting to reach out, but that is where I can help.
Life has a way of taking us down some pretty rough roads at times, and it can make us feel alone, anxious, angry, confused, all sorts of emotions, that when left can build and bring us down even further. Sometimes we can feel overwhelmed and it can interfere with our enjoyment of life and keep us stuck. Breath, you are not alone. Sometimes you just need someone to hear you. I’m here to listen and assist you with the issues you are experiencing. I have a passion for helping people learn to cope with and overcome the issues that are hindering their lives. It can be daunting to reach out, but that is where I can help.
01527 918549 View 01527 918549
Photo of Jayne Shirley-Smith, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Jayne Shirley-Smith
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Solihull B90
Deciding to come for counselling can be a difficult decision in itself, particularly if you have never experienced it before... the thought of sharing your feelings with a stranger can be very daunting. I fully understand this, and appreciate the importance of finding the right counsellor for you. If you are looking for a warm, compassionate environment where you will be properly listened to, where there is complete acceptance of who you are as a person with no judgement, you will find it within my quiet and comfortable therapy room, and I look forward to welcoming you to it.
Deciding to come for counselling can be a difficult decision in itself, particularly if you have never experienced it before... the thought of sharing your feelings with a stranger can be very daunting. I fully understand this, and appreciate the importance of finding the right counsellor for you. If you are looking for a warm, compassionate environment where you will be properly listened to, where there is complete acceptance of who you are as a person with no judgement, you will find it within my quiet and comfortable therapy room, and I look forward to welcoming you to it.
07412 072201 View 07412 072201
Photo of Dr Greg Stocks, Psychologist in Hollywood, England
Dr Greg Stocks
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Solihull B90  (Online Only)
As part of being a Psychologist, I am passionate about working with people, finding where they can gain more power in their life to affect the changes they want to see. I work with people with a wide range of difficulties and am keen to help them to contextualise their difficulties within their life experiences, to support the dropping of the toxic self-blame which often keeps people snagged, and to think about alternative ways of relating to themselves and others which opens up choices about where they might take their life in the future.
As part of being a Psychologist, I am passionate about working with people, finding where they can gain more power in their life to affect the changes they want to see. I work with people with a wide range of difficulties and am keen to help them to contextualise their difficulties within their life experiences, to support the dropping of the toxic self-blame which often keeps people snagged, and to think about alternative ways of relating to themselves and others which opens up choices about where they might take their life in the future.
01905 958309 View 01905 958309
Photo of Magenta Owl, Psychotherapist in Hollywood, England
Magenta Owl
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Wythall B47
In my work, I encourage awareness of the importance of self-care from the outset. With lived experience of both Autism and ADHD, I focus on neurodivergence and how it can impact wellbeing and self-esteem. Together, we devise strategies and tools to help with life balance. Each individual is unique; and so it is vital that clients take responsibility for their own growth. I set "homework" tasks for between sessions; utilising CBT in a collaborative process of goal-realisation and self-development, whether working online or in-person. If you are committed to deepening self-understanding, contact me to arrange an initial appointment.
In my work, I encourage awareness of the importance of self-care from the outset. With lived experience of both Autism and ADHD, I focus on neurodivergence and how it can impact wellbeing and self-esteem. Together, we devise strategies and tools to help with life balance. Each individual is unique; and so it is vital that clients take responsibility for their own growth. I set "homework" tasks for between sessions; utilising CBT in a collaborative process of goal-realisation and self-development, whether working online or in-person. If you are committed to deepening self-understanding, contact me to arrange an initial appointment.
01527 962131 View 01527 962131
Photo of Helen Gaynor - Sheemore Counselling, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Helen Gaynor - Sheemore Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
Solihull B90
Has life thrown something in your path that you are struggling to make sense of? Are you aware that your stress or anxiety levels are heightened and you are confused by these feelings? Then perhaps you need someone to talk to, to help you make sense of the confusion you are feeling and the unexplained emotions that can feel overwhelming and leave you feeling alone. As a qualified person-centred counsellor I can offer an empathic, open, safe environment, enabling you to explore those feelings, allowing you to better understand them and helping you to reconnect with you inner values and sense of self-worth.
Has life thrown something in your path that you are struggling to make sense of? Are you aware that your stress or anxiety levels are heightened and you are confused by these feelings? Then perhaps you need someone to talk to, to help you make sense of the confusion you are feeling and the unexplained emotions that can feel overwhelming and leave you feeling alone. As a qualified person-centred counsellor I can offer an empathic, open, safe environment, enabling you to explore those feelings, allowing you to better understand them and helping you to reconnect with you inner values and sense of self-worth.
0121 285 8197 View 0121 285 8197
Photo of Alan Neeld, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Alan Neeld
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
Birmingham B47
For the past 25 years I have worked as a counsellor / psychotherapist. I also offer supervision to qualified and trainee therapists. Over the years I have gained a broad range of experience working with people from all walks of life, and from many cultures resulting in a good understanding of the requirements of both private individuals and corporate clients. My client base is broad and includes everyone from factory workers to professional footballers and actors. I feel it is important that a therapist can relate to their clients and this is something I excel at.
For the past 25 years I have worked as a counsellor / psychotherapist. I also offer supervision to qualified and trainee therapists. Over the years I have gained a broad range of experience working with people from all walks of life, and from many cultures resulting in a good understanding of the requirements of both private individuals and corporate clients. My client base is broad and includes everyone from factory workers to professional footballers and actors. I feel it is important that a therapist can relate to their clients and this is something I excel at.
01675 620921 View 01675 620921
Photo of Christopher Crehan, Psychotherapist in Hollywood, England
Christopher Crehan
Psychotherapist, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
Wythall B47  (Online Only)
When seeking therapy, finding the right therapist is the first and most important step. With the correct therapist you can feel understood and safe when discussing difficult issues in your life. I am a fully qualified and accredited hypnotherapist and psychotherapist. Offering professional listening skills and support for mental health and well-being to help you achieve the life you deserve. I have been practicing for several years and i am trained in a variety of modalities and techniques that can help with many issues including stress, anxiety, depression, grief, motivation, weight management, confidence, healing and much more.
When seeking therapy, finding the right therapist is the first and most important step. With the correct therapist you can feel understood and safe when discussing difficult issues in your life. I am a fully qualified and accredited hypnotherapist and psychotherapist. Offering professional listening skills and support for mental health and well-being to help you achieve the life you deserve. I have been practicing for several years and i am trained in a variety of modalities and techniques that can help with many issues including stress, anxiety, depression, grief, motivation, weight management, confidence, healing and much more.
0121 827 5246 View 0121 827 5246
Photo of Shannon Ryder, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Shannon Ryder
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified
Alvechurch B38
Hi, I'm Shannon an Integrative Therapist with a Master's Degree, meaning that I am extensively trained in different counselling styles to create the best approach that suits you as an individual, as one size doesn't fit all. Throughout my practice, I began specialising in Children, Young People and Families, however now successfully work with Adults and Couples with various life difficulties too.
Hi, I'm Shannon an Integrative Therapist with a Master's Degree, meaning that I am extensively trained in different counselling styles to create the best approach that suits you as an individual, as one size doesn't fit all. Throughout my practice, I began specialising in Children, Young People and Families, however now successfully work with Adults and Couples with various life difficulties too.
01527 388019 View 01527 388019
Photo of Rebecca Davies, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Rebecca Davies
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Birmingham B47  (Online Only)
I have always been interested in people and relationships and I am also very interested in beliefs. The things we believe about ourselves, others and the world around us guides our thoughts and behaviours. I really enjoy deep exploration with my clients. Many people think counselling is only for the "bad stuff" I think it is an opportunity to get to know yourself really well. When we understand ourselves we are much better placed to guide our lives in the way we want them to go...and yes you may have some "bad stuff" you want to get off your chest as well.
I have always been interested in people and relationships and I am also very interested in beliefs. The things we believe about ourselves, others and the world around us guides our thoughts and behaviours. I really enjoy deep exploration with my clients. Many people think counselling is only for the "bad stuff" I think it is an opportunity to get to know yourself really well. When we understand ourselves we are much better placed to guide our lives in the way we want them to go...and yes you may have some "bad stuff" you want to get off your chest as well.
01454 802731 View 01454 802731
Photo of Dr Sarah Bishop, Psychologist in Hollywood, England
Dr Sarah Bishop
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Birmingham B38
Hello, I am Dr Sarah Bishop, a HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist with 20 years’ experience working in psychology and mental health. I work within the NHS and in private practice. My private clinic is located in Kings Norton. If you are looking to better understand your difficulties, develop new ways of managing and create meaningful change in your life, then please get in touch – my approach may be the right one for you.
Hello, I am Dr Sarah Bishop, a HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist with 20 years’ experience working in psychology and mental health. I work within the NHS and in private practice. My private clinic is located in Kings Norton. If you are looking to better understand your difficulties, develop new ways of managing and create meaningful change in your life, then please get in touch – my approach may be the right one for you.
View
Photo of Bradley Crook, Psychologist in Hollywood, England
Bradley Crook
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Solihull B90
Not accepting new clients
Everybody faces struggles, but nobody's struggles are the same. And everybody, at some time, needs help (although it can be so hard to ask for it). My work as a psychologist has been with many different people facing a wide range of challenges. My role has been to work with them and empower them to make the changes they need to live a life that is more meaningful to them. Is it easy? In my experience, it is not. Making change is scary, tough and brave. You may not believe you are capable of this. But the fact that you are reading this suggests that you are getting ready to try. This is where I, as a Clinical Psychologist, can help.
Everybody faces struggles, but nobody's struggles are the same. And everybody, at some time, needs help (although it can be so hard to ask for it). My work as a psychologist has been with many different people facing a wide range of challenges. My role has been to work with them and empower them to make the changes they need to live a life that is more meaningful to them. Is it easy? In my experience, it is not. Making change is scary, tough and brave. You may not believe you are capable of this. But the fact that you are reading this suggests that you are getting ready to try. This is where I, as a Clinical Psychologist, can help.
0121 752 9148 View 0121 752 9148
Photo of Sharon Fox, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Sharon Fox
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified
Solihull B90
Hi, my name is Sharon and I am a Psychotherapist based in Redditch offering face to face, phone and online therapy. I work online with clients from across the UK. I work with adults and young people age 13+ to improve mental health and emotional wellbeing. As a fully qualified and experienced Integrative Therapist and an Accredited member of the British Association of Counsellors and Psychotherapists, I offer a relaxed and supportive space to talk. Whether you are looking for a brief, solution focussed approach or to work for longer on deeper issues, I can provide a safe, confidential environment to explore your concerns.
Hi, my name is Sharon and I am a Psychotherapist based in Redditch offering face to face, phone and online therapy. I work online with clients from across the UK. I work with adults and young people age 13+ to improve mental health and emotional wellbeing. As a fully qualified and experienced Integrative Therapist and an Accredited member of the British Association of Counsellors and Psychotherapists, I offer a relaxed and supportive space to talk. Whether you are looking for a brief, solution focussed approach or to work for longer on deeper issues, I can provide a safe, confidential environment to explore your concerns.
01527 381065 View 01527 381065
Photo of Hannah Stebbings, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Hannah Stebbings
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
Earlswood B94
Hi my name is Hannah. My previous background was in business management, having worked in media and television projects in London in my early career. personal experience led me to want to support with this and change my career path I found that counselling was a natural change for me to make. I now hold a level 4 in counselling, with over six years’ experience working in bereavement. this included work with Saint Mary's Hospice and Cruise bereavement care.
Hi my name is Hannah. My previous background was in business management, having worked in media and television projects in London in my early career. personal experience led me to want to support with this and change my career path I found that counselling was a natural change for me to make. I now hold a level 4 in counselling, with over six years’ experience working in bereavement. this included work with Saint Mary's Hospice and Cruise bereavement care.
0117 463 7107 View 0117 463 7107
Photo of Bromsgrove & Redditch Therapy Centre, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Bromsgrove & Redditch Therapy Centre
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified
Alvechurch B38
Welcome! We are a team of friendly Bromsgrove and Redditch based counsellors who are committed to helping you change your life for the better. Stress, anxiety, CBT, anger, depression, support for children, teenagers and young adults, support for parents, self-harm, grief, relationship problems, domestic abuse, couples and family therapy, eating disorders. Whatever your issue we will provide the support for you to move forward.
Welcome! We are a team of friendly Bromsgrove and Redditch based counsellors who are committed to helping you change your life for the better. Stress, anxiety, CBT, anger, depression, support for children, teenagers and young adults, support for parents, self-harm, grief, relationship problems, domestic abuse, couples and family therapy, eating disorders. Whatever your issue we will provide the support for you to move forward.
01527 361363 View 01527 361363
Photo of Vicky Gallagher, Counsellor in Hollywood, England
Vicky Gallagher
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
Birmingham B47
Hi, my name is Vicky, I think it is fair to say that we are all trying to adjust to circumstances that we could never imagine happening to us. And the impact this can have can be overwhelming. People do cope well when going through difficult times. However, If you are struggling it is important that you find a way to talk about your struggles and I am prepared to look at my pricing to meet your needs. I understand that so many people are in financial difficulties right now, so please get in touch if you would like to talk to me. I can offer online face to face counselling using Zoom.
Hi, my name is Vicky, I think it is fair to say that we are all trying to adjust to circumstances that we could never imagine happening to us. And the impact this can have can be overwhelming. People do cope well when going through difficult times. However, If you are struggling it is important that you find a way to talk about your struggles and I am prepared to look at my pricing to meet your needs. I understand that so many people are in financial difficulties right now, so please get in touch if you would like to talk to me. I can offer online face to face counselling using Zoom.
0121 728 2395 View 0121 728 2395
Photo of Christine Gault, Psychotherapist in Hollywood, England
Christine Gault
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified
Wythall B47
Are you a Highly Sensitive Person who finds themselves overwhelmed in a variety of situations Do you find yourself struggling in relationships, friendship groups or work. Do you suffer with: childhood trauma, anxiety, low mood, sexuality issues. Do suffer with chronic ill health, fatigue, fibromyalgia or other unexplained disease? Do you feel isolated, lonely, different/separate from others. Are you keeping your physical, emotional, mental, sexual or spiritual struggles secret?
Are you a Highly Sensitive Person who finds themselves overwhelmed in a variety of situations Do you find yourself struggling in relationships, friendship groups or work. Do you suffer with: childhood trauma, anxiety, low mood, sexuality issues. Do suffer with chronic ill health, fatigue, fibromyalgia or other unexplained disease? Do you feel isolated, lonely, different/separate from others. Are you keeping your physical, emotional, mental, sexual or spiritual struggles secret?
01727 227317 View 01727 227317

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Hollywood

< 10

Counsellors in Hollywood who prioritize treating:

67% Depression
67% Anxiety
67% Bereavement
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Anger Management
33% Relationship Issues
33% Child

Average years in practice

12 Years

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

How Counsellors in Hollywood see their clients

100% In Person and Online

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Hollywood?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.