Counselling in Hastings

Photo of Amanda Dormon, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Amanda Dormon
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
Couples often come to see me at a crucial turning point in their relationship, following the birth of a child, after an affair, or when communication feels like it has broken down. I also see individuals affected by the same issues, plus anxiety and grief, loss, depression or a sense that life may not have turned out the way they would have hoped. Whatever you’re struggling with, having a non-judgmental other, who is able to think when thinking can often feel impossible, can bring relief and a feeling of being understood, perhaps for the very first time.
Couples often come to see me at a crucial turning point in their relationship, following the birth of a child, after an affair, or when communication feels like it has broken down. I also see individuals affected by the same issues, plus anxiety and grief, loss, depression or a sense that life may not have turned out the way they would have hoped. Whatever you’re struggling with, having a non-judgmental other, who is able to think when thinking can often feel impossible, can bring relief and a feeling of being understood, perhaps for the very first time.
01424 236557 View 01424 236557
Photo of East Sussex Counselling and Supervision, Counsellor in Hastings, England
East Sussex Counselling and Supervision
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN35
I am a counsellor and counselling supervisor. I work with individuals and couples. Do you need some help with anger? Maybe you just wish you could stop feeling anxious? Perhaps you’ve been feeling really low, and have been feeling like this for a long time. Or wondering whether you’ll ever get over grief. Maybe you are seeking transformational change in your thinking. I have extensive experience in working with alcohol and substance misuse, sexual abuse and much more. I work positively to improving your well-bieng
I am a counsellor and counselling supervisor. I work with individuals and couples. Do you need some help with anger? Maybe you just wish you could stop feeling anxious? Perhaps you’ve been feeling really low, and have been feeling like this for a long time. Or wondering whether you’ll ever get over grief. Maybe you are seeking transformational change in your thinking. I have extensive experience in working with alcohol and substance misuse, sexual abuse and much more. I work positively to improving your well-bieng
01424 239103 View 01424 239103
Photo of Dr Damien Pearse, Psychologist in Hastings, England
Dr Damien Pearse
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hastings TN34  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am a senior psychologist with specialist experience in helping individuals who are experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma-related problems (including PTSD and CTPSD) and stress issues. I also have additional training in helping individuals tackle sleep problems.
I am a senior psychologist with specialist experience in helping individuals who are experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma-related problems (including PTSD and CTPSD) and stress issues. I also have additional training in helping individuals tackle sleep problems.
01424 232875 View 01424 232875
Photo of Liza Waller, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Liza Waller
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
I am a UKCP reg integrative body psychotherapist and supervisor with 30 years counselling and psychotherapy experience working in a variety of contexts. I work with a wide range of approaches for issues relating to body heart mind. It may be that something has happened and you feel in some kind of crisis right now. Or you are aware of feeling stuck while wanting to make changes . Maybe you feel issues from your past are impinging on the present. All our feelings are experienced in the body and affect the whole of us, body heart mind spirit. For more about my particular approach and work see my website www.lizawaller.co.uk.
I am a UKCP reg integrative body psychotherapist and supervisor with 30 years counselling and psychotherapy experience working in a variety of contexts. I work with a wide range of approaches for issues relating to body heart mind. It may be that something has happened and you feel in some kind of crisis right now. Or you are aware of feeling stuck while wanting to make changes . Maybe you feel issues from your past are impinging on the present. All our feelings are experienced in the body and affect the whole of us, body heart mind spirit. For more about my particular approach and work see my website www.lizawaller.co.uk.
01424 236655 View 01424 236655
Photo of Leonie Roffe, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Leonie Roffe
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings TN34
I am an LGBTQ+ affirmative person-centred counsellor based in Hastings, and I work with individuals and couples. I offer a safe, accepting and compassionate space for you to be completely yourself, where you can experience your emotions without judgement. We can explore what it is that has brought you to counselling at your own pace, and find ways to navigate the difficult times together.
I am an LGBTQ+ affirmative person-centred counsellor based in Hastings, and I work with individuals and couples. I offer a safe, accepting and compassionate space for you to be completely yourself, where you can experience your emotions without judgement. We can explore what it is that has brought you to counselling at your own pace, and find ways to navigate the difficult times together.
01323 671803 View 01323 671803
Photo of Vicki Jones, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Vicki Jones
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
We are living in challenging times. Do you find that you are struggling at the moment? Are you overwhelmed and in need of emotional support? Talking to someone about how we feel can significantly impact our lives. I can offer a safe, confidential and non-judgemental space for you to explore what you are feeling right now, being by your side as you work through your difficulties to move you forward to a happier and more fulfilling life.
We are living in challenging times. Do you find that you are struggling at the moment? Are you overwhelmed and in need of emotional support? Talking to someone about how we feel can significantly impact our lives. I can offer a safe, confidential and non-judgemental space for you to explore what you are feeling right now, being by your side as you work through your difficulties to move you forward to a happier and more fulfilling life.
01424 619098 View 01424 619098
Photo of Dorothy Arnott, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Dorothy Arnott
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
'Life is not the way it supposed to be. It is the way it is. The way we cope with it is what makes the difference.' Virginia Satir, psychotherapist. Changes, challenges, fears and loss are all part of our human experience. Sometimes we can manage the difficulties we face, on other occasions we may feel overwhelmed and in need of support. This is true for people at all stages of life. I offer a safe, non-judgemental, confidential and comfortable environment where you can talk about and creatively explore your thoughts, feelings and experiences.
'Life is not the way it supposed to be. It is the way it is. The way we cope with it is what makes the difference.' Virginia Satir, psychotherapist. Changes, challenges, fears and loss are all part of our human experience. Sometimes we can manage the difficulties we face, on other occasions we may feel overwhelmed and in need of support. This is true for people at all stages of life. I offer a safe, non-judgemental, confidential and comfortable environment where you can talk about and creatively explore your thoughts, feelings and experiences.
01424 238983 View 01424 238983
Photo of John Darling, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
John Darling
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
Hello, my name is John. I have worked in private practice as a psychotherapist for over fifteen years with individuals and couples ranging from 16 to over 70. In that time, I have worked with a broad spectrum of people from many cultural backgrounds presenting an array of issues. Everyone is different. Over the years I have I have found that the more the client trusts in me the better the result. Therefore, I endeavour to build a strong therapeutic alliance, one where we can be honest with each other, this can take time depending on the client.
Hello, my name is John. I have worked in private practice as a psychotherapist for over fifteen years with individuals and couples ranging from 16 to over 70. In that time, I have worked with a broad spectrum of people from many cultural backgrounds presenting an array of issues. Everyone is different. Over the years I have I have found that the more the client trusts in me the better the result. Therefore, I endeavour to build a strong therapeutic alliance, one where we can be honest with each other, this can take time depending on the client.
01424 231405 View 01424 231405
Photo of Richard Bailie, Psychologist in Hastings, England
Richard Bailie
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
I have more than 20 years experience of working in partnership with children and adults. You may feel out of control or stuck and hopeless. You may find it hard to manage your feelings, your actions may be causing distress, you may be struggling with your learning, work or relationships. You want to feel calmer, happier and yourself. I work collaboratively with children and adults using a strengths-based perspective. Together we develop a clear understanding of your needs and make a plan. We work on building strengths, and supporting change. I help you make lasting improvements to your wellbeing.
I have more than 20 years experience of working in partnership with children and adults. You may feel out of control or stuck and hopeless. You may find it hard to manage your feelings, your actions may be causing distress, you may be struggling with your learning, work or relationships. You want to feel calmer, happier and yourself. I work collaboratively with children and adults using a strengths-based perspective. Together we develop a clear understanding of your needs and make a plan. We work on building strengths, and supporting change. I help you make lasting improvements to your wellbeing.
01424 619109 View 01424 619109
Photo of Laura Bradshaw, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Laura Bradshaw
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that every client is unique, and so I adapt my approach to suit the individual. I also believe in the value and healing power of providing a non-judgemental, empathic and accepting relationship - an experience of relationship that many individuals may not have had previously. I currently see clients: - face-to-face on Monday mornings and lunch times in Hastings, East Sussex - Online via Zoom on Monday afternoons, Tuesday afternoons & evenings and Wednesday afternoons - face-to-face on Thursday all day in Chancery Lane, London
I believe that every client is unique, and so I adapt my approach to suit the individual. I also believe in the value and healing power of providing a non-judgemental, empathic and accepting relationship - an experience of relationship that many individuals may not have had previously. I currently see clients: - face-to-face on Monday mornings and lunch times in Hastings, East Sussex - Online via Zoom on Monday afternoons, Tuesday afternoons & evenings and Wednesday afternoons - face-to-face on Thursday all day in Chancery Lane, London
020 3962 0318 View 020 3962 0318
Photo of Tom Fryer Counselling, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Tom Fryer Counselling
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Hastings TN34
I am a counsellor who specialises in relationship difficulties, sex & sexuality, creativity and spiritual crisis. I work with people of all genders, and I am an LGBTQI+ positive counsellor. Perhaps you are struggling with the relationships in your life, romantic or otherwise, or with issues in your sex life. Perhaps you are struggling to find fulfilment creatively. As a musician myself, this is something I understand through first hand experience. If you are navigating a spiritual crisis, or wondering how you relate to your spiritual side, then my experience and understanding in this are of life could be a source of support for you.
I am a counsellor who specialises in relationship difficulties, sex & sexuality, creativity and spiritual crisis. I work with people of all genders, and I am an LGBTQI+ positive counsellor. Perhaps you are struggling with the relationships in your life, romantic or otherwise, or with issues in your sex life. Perhaps you are struggling to find fulfilment creatively. As a musician myself, this is something I understand through first hand experience. If you are navigating a spiritual crisis, or wondering how you relate to your spiritual side, then my experience and understanding in this are of life could be a source of support for you.
020 3905 9407 x44 View 020 3905 9407 x44
Photo of Tom Sloan, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Tom Sloan
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN35
I’m a warm and friendly therapist, and together we can focus on the important work of helping you know more about yourself, and your own mind. I cultivate a comfortable, safe, non-judgemental space where I'll help you explore and clarify your issues. My experience is that clients can find this experience profound, whether dealing with life emergencies, or facing more uncertain challenges. Our time will be geared towards helping you move forward, come unstuck, or just see more clearly. I also offer walking sessions for those curious to take the process out of the therapy room and into nature.
I’m a warm and friendly therapist, and together we can focus on the important work of helping you know more about yourself, and your own mind. I cultivate a comfortable, safe, non-judgemental space where I'll help you explore and clarify your issues. My experience is that clients can find this experience profound, whether dealing with life emergencies, or facing more uncertain challenges. Our time will be geared towards helping you move forward, come unstuck, or just see more clearly. I also offer walking sessions for those curious to take the process out of the therapy room and into nature.
View
Photo of Bay De Veen, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Bay De Veen
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34  (Online Only)
If you feel alone, anxious, confused about life and want to explore who you are and what you want from life, and relationships, I can offer a supportive presence and the space and time to reflect on anything that you want to work through. There is so much uncertainty right now and often we just need a companion to take a different perspective and help re-situate our worries and fears. I am a queer, Ace-spec lesbian therapist working with the core conditions of empathy, acceptance and congruence to provide an open and expansive space for clients to feel heard and seen.
If you feel alone, anxious, confused about life and want to explore who you are and what you want from life, and relationships, I can offer a supportive presence and the space and time to reflect on anything that you want to work through. There is so much uncertainty right now and often we just need a companion to take a different perspective and help re-situate our worries and fears. I am a queer, Ace-spec lesbian therapist working with the core conditions of empathy, acceptance and congruence to provide an open and expansive space for clients to feel heard and seen.
01424 232865 View 01424 232865
Photo of Jenny Murray-Smith, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Jenny Murray-Smith
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Hastings TN37
My name is Jenny and I am a qualified counsellor. I see people struggling with a range of difficulties such as anxiety, depression, OCD, panic disorder, relationship issues, phobias and low-esteem. I also see couples who find themselves with issues such as poor communication, issues with trust, lack of confidence of one or both, jealousy and sexual issues.
My name is Jenny and I am a qualified counsellor. I see people struggling with a range of difficulties such as anxiety, depression, OCD, panic disorder, relationship issues, phobias and low-esteem. I also see couples who find themselves with issues such as poor communication, issues with trust, lack of confidence of one or both, jealousy and sexual issues.
01424 236859 View 01424 236859
Photo of Sue Beaney, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Sue Beaney
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings TN35
If you are looking to come to therapy for the first time or are wanting a deeper exploration of old troubles I can offer you my undivided attention. I know how challenging it can be and yet how exciting. I hope that together we will be able to make sense of the confusions and struggles of the twenty first century world as you experience it. Loss, relationship breakdown, anxiety and depression, trauma past or present, sexuality or gender conundrums set in the backdrop of climate crisis, war, rocketing inflation and pandemic recovery are all grist to the mill of personal growth.
If you are looking to come to therapy for the first time or are wanting a deeper exploration of old troubles I can offer you my undivided attention. I know how challenging it can be and yet how exciting. I hope that together we will be able to make sense of the confusions and struggles of the twenty first century world as you experience it. Loss, relationship breakdown, anxiety and depression, trauma past or present, sexuality or gender conundrums set in the backdrop of climate crisis, war, rocketing inflation and pandemic recovery are all grist to the mill of personal growth.
01885 477334 View 01885 477334
Photo of Christopher Rolls, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Christopher Rolls
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN34
My name's Chris and I'm a UKCP-registered psychotherapist working with individuals and couples in Hastings, East Sussex. I'm committed to helping you explore your experience, challenges, and unique place in the world. I work with clients from all backgrounds and affirm cultural and identity diversity. I am practiced in helping clients with relationship, sexual and intimacy issues, as well as adverse childhood experiences. Maybe you are feeling generally low or anxiousoffeel that your life lacks focus, purpose, or meaning. Alongside you, I can help you make sense of your situation.
My name's Chris and I'm a UKCP-registered psychotherapist working with individuals and couples in Hastings, East Sussex. I'm committed to helping you explore your experience, challenges, and unique place in the world. I work with clients from all backgrounds and affirm cultural and identity diversity. I am practiced in helping clients with relationship, sexual and intimacy issues, as well as adverse childhood experiences. Maybe you are feeling generally low or anxiousoffeel that your life lacks focus, purpose, or meaning. Alongside you, I can help you make sense of your situation.
020 8106 2386 View 020 8106 2386
Photo of Carrie Dubber, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Carrie Dubber
Psychotherapist, PsychD, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hastings TN34
I have worked in the NHS for 20 years, initially as an Occupational Therapist and subsequently as a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist and Therapy Supervisor. I have worked with a wide range of issues such as Anxiety, Phobias, Panic disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Depression PTSD and Trauma. I also work with relationship issues and the impact on depression, self esteem, body dysmorphia and eating issues. I am highly skilled in groupwork as well as 1:1 Therapy. Therapies Offered: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Inter-Personal Therapy (IPT). EMDR for PTSD and complex trauma.
I have worked in the NHS for 20 years, initially as an Occupational Therapist and subsequently as a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist and Therapy Supervisor. I have worked with a wide range of issues such as Anxiety, Phobias, Panic disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Depression PTSD and Trauma. I also work with relationship issues and the impact on depression, self esteem, body dysmorphia and eating issues. I am highly skilled in groupwork as well as 1:1 Therapy. Therapies Offered: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Inter-Personal Therapy (IPT). EMDR for PTSD and complex trauma.
01424 619017 View 01424 619017
Photo of Dr Rachel Bull, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Dr Rachel Bull
Psychotherapist, ACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN35
Waitlist for new clients
I see children and young people aged 0 - 25 with a wide range of difficulties - including complex mental health problems, autism, physical health conditions and those struggling with the day-to-day social and emotional challenges of growing up. Most people will experience times in their lives when they are worried or distressed. In an initial consultation we will explore the ways I might be able to help so that family life and emotional well-being can improve.
I see children and young people aged 0 - 25 with a wide range of difficulties - including complex mental health problems, autism, physical health conditions and those struggling with the day-to-day social and emotional challenges of growing up. Most people will experience times in their lives when they are worried or distressed. In an initial consultation we will explore the ways I might be able to help so that family life and emotional well-being can improve.
01424 619117 View 01424 619117
Photo of Jennifer Cornish, Psychotherapist in Hastings, England
Jennifer Cornish
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Hastings TN35
I am a fully accredited cognitive behavioural psychotherapist and psychodynamic counsellor. I have worked extensively in both the NHS and charitable sectors as a manager, supervisor and lecturer. I offer specialist interventions for both assessments and treatments. I work autonomously within the ethical guidelines of both the BABCP and the BACP. I offer therapy for depression and anxiety and related and co-morbid disorders. I am an empathic, caring and non judgemental therapist who is keen to support you to meet your goals and feel better. I am actively engaged in keeping up to date with developments in my field.
I am a fully accredited cognitive behavioural psychotherapist and psychodynamic counsellor. I have worked extensively in both the NHS and charitable sectors as a manager, supervisor and lecturer. I offer specialist interventions for both assessments and treatments. I work autonomously within the ethical guidelines of both the BABCP and the BACP. I offer therapy for depression and anxiety and related and co-morbid disorders. I am an empathic, caring and non judgemental therapist who is keen to support you to meet your goals and feel better. I am actively engaged in keeping up to date with developments in my field.
01622 322391 View 01622 322391
Photo of Rachael Crouch, Counsellor in Hastings, England
Rachael Crouch
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hastings TN35
There can be many reasons for accessing therapy and it is well understood that this can be a daunting process. Reading this means you have taken the first step towards finding a Counsellor. My approach to therapy is Person-Centred. I aim to offer a calm, honest and non-judgemental therapeutic space. As a result, my hope would be that you feel safe enough to unpack your feelings and concerns; increase yourself awareness and to move towards and reach your fullest potential. I can offer counselling in many areas with my specialities being Transgender awareness, substance & alcohol abuse, grief & loss counselling.
There can be many reasons for accessing therapy and it is well understood that this can be a daunting process. Reading this means you have taken the first step towards finding a Counsellor. My approach to therapy is Person-Centred. I aim to offer a calm, honest and non-judgemental therapeutic space. As a result, my hope would be that you feel safe enough to unpack your feelings and concerns; increase yourself awareness and to move towards and reach your fullest potential. I can offer counselling in many areas with my specialities being Transgender awareness, substance & alcohol abuse, grief & loss counselling.
01424 619035 View 01424 619035

See more therapy options for Hastings

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Hastings

70+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in Hastings who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
83% Relationship Issues
81% Depression
81% Self Esteem
79% Stress
69% Bereavement
59% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

55% Aviva
55% AXA PPP
50% Bupa

How Counsellors in Hastings see their clients

92% In Person and Online
8% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Hastings?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.