Counselling in Harlow Wood

Photo of Kay Bingham, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Kay Bingham
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harlow Wood NG18
There are times in our life when pressures mount up so much, that they really impact on the quality of our day to day living and our overall wellbeing. This may be caused by specific events such as a relationship breakup, the death of a pet or loved one, redundancy or our health. It could be more general such as the impact of Covid-19, unfulfilling relationships whether that be with your colleagues, parents, siblings, partner or your children. Or, you’re not sure what’s causing you to feel so fed up – you ‘should’ be happy. Building resilience does not eradicate the stress and anxiety of everyday life, but it does reduce the impact.
There are times in our life when pressures mount up so much, that they really impact on the quality of our day to day living and our overall wellbeing. This may be caused by specific events such as a relationship breakup, the death of a pet or loved one, redundancy or our health. It could be more general such as the impact of Covid-19, unfulfilling relationships whether that be with your colleagues, parents, siblings, partner or your children. Or, you’re not sure what’s causing you to feel so fed up – you ‘should’ be happy. Building resilience does not eradicate the stress and anxiety of everyday life, but it does reduce the impact.
01623 392744 View 01623 392744
Photo of Dominica Hamilton-Leathart, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Dominica Hamilton-Leathart
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Harlow Wood NG18  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Most of us experience painful emotional states and life events. Maybe you have lost the meaning of your life, are suffering from a recent loss, are riddled with self-hatred, or are struggling with a persistent low mood. We are all affected at one time or another by adversity. Amidst all the noise of the everyday, we rarely have a warm, safe space to sort through our thoughts, feelings and behaviours without the threat of judgement or critical evaluation from others or even ourselves descending upon us. We may extend compassion and empathy to others but rarely treat ourselves with kindness and gentle consideration.
Most of us experience painful emotional states and life events. Maybe you have lost the meaning of your life, are suffering from a recent loss, are riddled with self-hatred, or are struggling with a persistent low mood. We are all affected at one time or another by adversity. Amidst all the noise of the everyday, we rarely have a warm, safe space to sort through our thoughts, feelings and behaviours without the threat of judgement or critical evaluation from others or even ourselves descending upon us. We may extend compassion and empathy to others but rarely treat ourselves with kindness and gentle consideration.
01623 272419 View 01623 272419
Photo of Dr Steven Lilley, Inter-Mind Ltd, Psychologist in Harlow Wood, England
Dr Steven Lilley, Inter-Mind Ltd
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Harlow Wood NG18
My name is Steve Lilley and I am a Registered Clinical Psychologist and Accredited Cognitive Analytic Therapist (ACAT) with over 19 years' experience of working in the mental health field, including the NHS, independent secure mental health services, and private practice (Inter-Mind Psychological Services Ltd). I pride myself on a down-to-Earth approach that is highly confidential, compassionate, and consistent with my professional ethics and values. I use the knowledge and skills I have to try to help clients make sense of their difficulties and to find ways of moving forwards in their lives.
My name is Steve Lilley and I am a Registered Clinical Psychologist and Accredited Cognitive Analytic Therapist (ACAT) with over 19 years' experience of working in the mental health field, including the NHS, independent secure mental health services, and private practice (Inter-Mind Psychological Services Ltd). I pride myself on a down-to-Earth approach that is highly confidential, compassionate, and consistent with my professional ethics and values. I use the knowledge and skills I have to try to help clients make sense of their difficulties and to find ways of moving forwards in their lives.
01623 392167 View 01623 392167

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Christopher Morris, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Christopher Morris
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG21
Hello, I'm Christopher, a qualified and experienced Psychotherapist and Counsellor working with, Adults, Children & Young People and Couples in Mansfield and Nottinghamshire. As a Humanistic Psychotherapist and Counsellor, I believe that everyone has the capacity to achieve their fullest potential. Anyone who is struggling with a personal concern can seek counselling. No issue is too big or too small to ask for support. I believe therapy should be accessible to everyone, when they need it. Therefore, I work with clients of all ages, from 4 years old and upwards. I also offer discounted rates in certain circumstances.
Hello, I'm Christopher, a qualified and experienced Psychotherapist and Counsellor working with, Adults, Children & Young People and Couples in Mansfield and Nottinghamshire. As a Humanistic Psychotherapist and Counsellor, I believe that everyone has the capacity to achieve their fullest potential. Anyone who is struggling with a personal concern can seek counselling. No issue is too big or too small to ask for support. I believe therapy should be accessible to everyone, when they need it. Therefore, I work with clients of all ages, from 4 years old and upwards. I also offer discounted rates in certain circumstances.
01623 392757 View 01623 392757
Photo of Gemma Thorley, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Gemma Thorley
Psychotherapist, MA, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Mansfield Woodhouse NG19
With 1 in 4 people experiencing mental health difficulties such as depression and anxiety there is more and more need for people to find support and help when they need it. I believe that therapy is journey that we will travel together, working as a team to overcome your difficulties.
With 1 in 4 people experiencing mental health difficulties such as depression and anxiety there is more and more need for people to find support and help when they need it. I believe that therapy is journey that we will travel together, working as a team to overcome your difficulties.
01623 392895 View 01623 392895
Photo of Chesterfield Counselling, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Chesterfield Counselling
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Choosing me as your counsellor. If you’re looking for a counsellor, you need to find someone who is going to be a good “fit” for you. I believe that the most important part of any counselling is having a good relationship with the therapist. You need to be able to trust me and feel comfortable talking to me about yourself. Otherwise you cannot get the best out of the experience. Contacting a counsellor for the first time can be daunting. You might be nervous or struggling to put things into words. It is okay if you are not quite sure what you want from this, I will do everything I can to put you at your ease.
Choosing me as your counsellor. If you’re looking for a counsellor, you need to find someone who is going to be a good “fit” for you. I believe that the most important part of any counselling is having a good relationship with the therapist. You need to be able to trust me and feel comfortable talking to me about yourself. Otherwise you cannot get the best out of the experience. Contacting a counsellor for the first time can be daunting. You might be nervous or struggling to put things into words. It is okay if you are not quite sure what you want from this, I will do everything I can to put you at your ease.
01246 488565 View 01246 488565
Photo of Sharon Robinson, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Sharon Robinson
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18
Hi, and welcome to my profile. I am a fully trained humanistic and integrative psychotherapist working with adults and young people. I provide a confidential, non-judgemental space where you can explore any difficulties you may be experiencing, for example in your relationships, your work environment, or significant life-events. You may be dealing with past trauma impacting you in the present and feel uncertain of how to move forward. My approach focuses on establishing a meaningful therapeutic relationship and providing a supportive, compassionate and safe environment for you to identify your needs and how best to fulfil them.
Hi, and welcome to my profile. I am a fully trained humanistic and integrative psychotherapist working with adults and young people. I provide a confidential, non-judgemental space where you can explore any difficulties you may be experiencing, for example in your relationships, your work environment, or significant life-events. You may be dealing with past trauma impacting you in the present and feel uncertain of how to move forward. My approach focuses on establishing a meaningful therapeutic relationship and providing a supportive, compassionate and safe environment for you to identify your needs and how best to fulfil them.
0115 824 0644 View 0115 824 0644
Photo of Spiritwell Counselling, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Spiritwell Counselling
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18
Welcome To Spiritwell. I'm Maddy and I work as a therapeutic counsellor. I am based in Kirkby in Ashfield, on the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire border and I offer reasonably priced appointments either face to face, over the phone or via video chat. I also offer an optional, free, 30 minute telephone introduction.
Welcome To Spiritwell. I'm Maddy and I work as a therapeutic counsellor. I am based in Kirkby in Ashfield, on the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire border and I offer reasonably priced appointments either face to face, over the phone or via video chat. I also offer an optional, free, 30 minute telephone introduction.
01623 701272 View 01623 701272
Photo of The Eden Practice, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
The Eden Practice
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mansfield NG18
Expressing your thoughts and feelings in confidence, and with someone who can ensure a caring and empathetic space is empowering.  Making changes is not easy, and that is precisely why I engage a very human approach to a number of models of talking therapies.
Expressing your thoughts and feelings in confidence, and with someone who can ensure a caring and empathetic space is empowering.  Making changes is not easy, and that is precisely why I engage a very human approach to a number of models of talking therapies.
07723 466082 View 07723 466082
Photo of Sarah Jane Lewin, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Sarah Jane Lewin
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG21
I help adult children of emotionally immature and narcissistic parents and others in or recovering from narcissistic relationships to find their freedom, reconnect with themselves and enjoy the life they deserve, free from emotional abuse. I am here to support you to heal and grow. I have extensive training in treating trauma. You may be looking for relief from the symptoms which may include unhealthy behaviours, anxiety, depression, perfectionism and self-sabotage. I can help you to build your confidence, resilience and connection to self. To enable you to feel calm and happy, and to live the life you always hoped was possible.
I help adult children of emotionally immature and narcissistic parents and others in or recovering from narcissistic relationships to find their freedom, reconnect with themselves and enjoy the life they deserve, free from emotional abuse. I am here to support you to heal and grow. I have extensive training in treating trauma. You may be looking for relief from the symptoms which may include unhealthy behaviours, anxiety, depression, perfectionism and self-sabotage. I can help you to build your confidence, resilience and connection to self. To enable you to feel calm and happy, and to live the life you always hoped was possible.
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Photo of Tracy Bankier - Counselling And Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Tracy Bankier - Counselling And Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18
Hi, I’m Tracy, an accredited Humanistic and Integrative psychotherapist and counsellor. Experiencing feelings of being invisible, unimportant, low in mood or motivation, stuck and general dissatisfaction can all be signs that you may need some support to navigate your problems. Our initial meeting is an opportunity for you to discuss what brings you to counselling and to decide if I am the right person to support you. I offer short and long term therapy to suit your needs.
Hi, I’m Tracy, an accredited Humanistic and Integrative psychotherapist and counsellor. Experiencing feelings of being invisible, unimportant, low in mood or motivation, stuck and general dissatisfaction can all be signs that you may need some support to navigate your problems. Our initial meeting is an opportunity for you to discuss what brings you to counselling and to decide if I am the right person to support you. I offer short and long term therapy to suit your needs.
0115 824 6254 View 0115 824 6254
Photo of Graham Michael Cann, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Graham Michael Cann
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18  (Online Only)
Are you suffering from past trauma? low mood or suffering with depression? Anxiety having an impact on your life? I am trained and skilled to help with these and many other issues that life can throw at us. My skills and training give us a platform to help discover the goals you want to achieve in counselling, and support you in achieving them.
Are you suffering from past trauma? low mood or suffering with depression? Anxiety having an impact on your life? I am trained and skilled to help with these and many other issues that life can throw at us. My skills and training give us a platform to help discover the goals you want to achieve in counselling, and support you in achieving them.
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Photo of Stacey Fynn, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Stacey Fynn
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG19
Hello and welcome. It is normal to experience stages in life where it seems to make no sense, perhaps events feel overwhelming and life seems impossible to navigate. Alternatively relationships may be problematic or recurrent patterns of behaviour are negatively affecting everyday life. People find their way to therapy for many different reasons and it takes courage to make the decision. Coming from an Integrative approach means that I can draw from a range of therapeutic approaches. This enables me to engage with you in a way that will be most effective and tailored to best suit your individual needs.
Hello and welcome. It is normal to experience stages in life where it seems to make no sense, perhaps events feel overwhelming and life seems impossible to navigate. Alternatively relationships may be problematic or recurrent patterns of behaviour are negatively affecting everyday life. People find their way to therapy for many different reasons and it takes courage to make the decision. Coming from an Integrative approach means that I can draw from a range of therapeutic approaches. This enables me to engage with you in a way that will be most effective and tailored to best suit your individual needs.
07533 278423 View 07533 278423
Photo of Theresa Eadson, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Theresa Eadson
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Mansfield Woodhouse NG19
Hello, how are you? If you’re looking for counselling it’s likely that you’re experiencing something in your life that’s overwhelming or distressing, or maybe you want things to be different and you’re not sure how to make changes. Life can throw us all sorts of challenges, and sometimes these can lead us to feel anxious, upset or really down about things. Experiences and relationships from the past can also be troubling and stir up uncomfortable emotions. I can offer you the opportunity to explore your thoughts and feelings in a confidential space where you won’t be judged.
Hello, how are you? If you’re looking for counselling it’s likely that you’re experiencing something in your life that’s overwhelming or distressing, or maybe you want things to be different and you’re not sure how to make changes. Life can throw us all sorts of challenges, and sometimes these can lead us to feel anxious, upset or really down about things. Experiences and relationships from the past can also be troubling and stir up uncomfortable emotions. I can offer you the opportunity to explore your thoughts and feelings in a confidential space where you won’t be judged.
01623 572819 View 01623 572819
Photo of Amanda Morris Counselling and Psychotherapy , Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Amanda Morris Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG21
Hi, I’m Amanda, a Psychotherapist and Counsellor with a focus on the Humanistic and Integrative approach to Therapy. Within your daily life you may be experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, loss or an overall feeling of overwhelming emotions. During your counselling sessions, we will build a therapeutic relationship in a safe, empathic, open, supportive and non-judgmental space. Listening to the place you are in right now, I will help you to recognise your thoughts and feelings and together we can understand and work through the difficulties you are facing.
Hi, I’m Amanda, a Psychotherapist and Counsellor with a focus on the Humanistic and Integrative approach to Therapy. Within your daily life you may be experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, loss or an overall feeling of overwhelming emotions. During your counselling sessions, we will build a therapeutic relationship in a safe, empathic, open, supportive and non-judgmental space. Listening to the place you are in right now, I will help you to recognise your thoughts and feelings and together we can understand and work through the difficulties you are facing.
01672 550679 View 01672 550679
Photo of Kelly Soar, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Kelly Soar
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18  (Online Only)
When we experience life's many challenges, it's common to feel overwhelmed and lost. However, making the choice to seek guidance through therapy requires the strength you always had within you. I will empower the part of you that had the courage to break the cycle and make a change. We will work collaboratively as we explore your past and present, healing the domains of your mind, body and soul to confidently move forward in life.
When we experience life's many challenges, it's common to feel overwhelmed and lost. However, making the choice to seek guidance through therapy requires the strength you always had within you. I will empower the part of you that had the courage to break the cycle and make a change. We will work collaboratively as we explore your past and present, healing the domains of your mind, body and soul to confidently move forward in life.
0115 647 0862 View 0115 647 0862
Photo of Stephanie Lockett, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Stephanie Lockett
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG18
As a Psychotherapist It has been my privilege to work closely with people facing deep challenges and issues in their lives. As someone who has faced my own challenges I believe I can truly empathise and help those who are in a dark place.
As a Psychotherapist It has been my privilege to work closely with people facing deep challenges and issues in their lives. As someone who has faced my own challenges I believe I can truly empathise and help those who are in a dark place.
07522 396595 View 07522 396595
Photo of Danny Morley, Psychotherapist in Harlow Wood, England
Danny Morley
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield NG21
I am a qualified Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist specialising in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Attachment Theory and Person-Centred Approach. I believe in evidence-based support and working holistically to allow you to overcome any issues or concerns you may have. I believe everyone deserves a safe, non-judgemental space to process thoughts, emotions and behaviours to allow you to work towards become the best version of yourself. I have a range of experience working with many different issues, however I have worked extensively with anxiety, depression and low self-esteem.
I am a qualified Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist specialising in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Attachment Theory and Person-Centred Approach. I believe in evidence-based support and working holistically to allow you to overcome any issues or concerns you may have. I believe everyone deserves a safe, non-judgemental space to process thoughts, emotions and behaviours to allow you to work towards become the best version of yourself. I have a range of experience working with many different issues, however I have worked extensively with anxiety, depression and low self-esteem.
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Photo of Christine Jeanne Porter, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Christine Jeanne Porter
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Sutton-in-Ashfield NG17
My clients are looking for a counsellor that they feel comfortable with to explore their concerns. Clients may want to improve their self-esteem or confidence after a break-up or have experienced stress or bullying in the work-place and need to off-load and find ways of moving forward. Clients may come with anxiety, depression, stress, relationship issues, bereavement and loss, work-place issues or spiritual concerns. They want to find a counsellor that will listen with empathy and help them make manage their emotions, understand themselves better and feel empowered going forward.
My clients are looking for a counsellor that they feel comfortable with to explore their concerns. Clients may want to improve their self-esteem or confidence after a break-up or have experienced stress or bullying in the work-place and need to off-load and find ways of moving forward. Clients may come with anxiety, depression, stress, relationship issues, bereavement and loss, work-place issues or spiritual concerns. They want to find a counsellor that will listen with empathy and help them make manage their emotions, understand themselves better and feel empowered going forward.
01623 579033 View 01623 579033
Photo of Tracey Crosby, Counsellor in Harlow Wood, England
Tracey Crosby
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Mansfield Woodhouse NG19
Welcome. Trying to find the right therapist can be a minefield. Let me introduce my passions, knowledge and experience. Chaotic lifestyles, poverty, depression, families, unhealthy relationships, drugs, alcohol, anxiety, mental health, self-esteem, confidence, bereavement, domestic abuse, unhelpful thinking patterns, adversity in childhood, trauma and abuse. I love supporting and empowering individuals to pursue my mantra of "just be, whoever you choose to be" within their own world view. In your own time, find your true SELF heading towards a positive, happy and health lifestyle which suits your own unique journey.
Welcome. Trying to find the right therapist can be a minefield. Let me introduce my passions, knowledge and experience. Chaotic lifestyles, poverty, depression, families, unhealthy relationships, drugs, alcohol, anxiety, mental health, self-esteem, confidence, bereavement, domestic abuse, unhelpful thinking patterns, adversity in childhood, trauma and abuse. I love supporting and empowering individuals to pursue my mantra of "just be, whoever you choose to be" within their own world view. In your own time, find your true SELF heading towards a positive, happy and health lifestyle which suits your own unique journey.
07963 312979 View 07963 312979

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Harlow Wood

< 10

Counsellors in Harlow Wood who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Bereavement
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Anger Management
100% Emotional Disturbance

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Bupa
50% Cigna and Evernorth
50% Aviva

How Counsellors in Harlow Wood see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Harlow Wood?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.