Anxiety Counselling in Glenfield

Photo of Mary T Shipton, ACC Reg, Counsellor
Mary T Shipton
Counsellor, ACC Reg
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Glenfield LE3
Have you been struggling through life, feeling overwhelmed and wishing you had someone to talk to? It could just be a general sense of feeling down or more deep-rooted feelings of loneliness, anxiety, stress and depression. If this is you then talking to a trained therapist presents the opportunity for you to explore your issues. My beliefs are that it is important to recognise that no two people’s journeys are the same and because of this I utilise my skills and training to tailor counselling sessions.
Have you been struggling through life, feeling overwhelmed and wishing you had someone to talk to? It could just be a general sense of feeling down or more deep-rooted feelings of loneliness, anxiety, stress and depression. If this is you then talking to a trained therapist presents the opportunity for you to explore your issues. My beliefs are that it is important to recognise that no two people’s journeys are the same and because of this I utilise my skills and training to tailor counselling sessions.
0116 326 5674 View 0116 326 5674
Photo of Tania Davis, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Tania Davis
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Glenfield LE3
Finding a therapist starts with you and your needs. You may arrive with a sense of overwhelm, loss or anxiety, perhaps desiring change but without knowing how or believing you can. We can work together to explore how you feel, think and behave, and find a way to bring you back to your authentic self. I am able to work with adults and older teenagers (16+), as well as those training to be Psychotherapists themselves, and have a broad experience of short and long term work, presenting issues and ages, diagnoses and personalities.
Finding a therapist starts with you and your needs. You may arrive with a sense of overwhelm, loss or anxiety, perhaps desiring change but without knowing how or believing you can. We can work together to explore how you feel, think and behave, and find a way to bring you back to your authentic self. I am able to work with adults and older teenagers (16+), as well as those training to be Psychotherapists themselves, and have a broad experience of short and long term work, presenting issues and ages, diagnoses and personalities.
01509 277628 View 01509 277628
Photo of undefined - Fosse Way Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Fosse Way Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Glenfield LE3
People choose to have counselling for many reasons. Sometimes we may know the cause but feel stuck with emotions that we can’t seem to change or we can’t understand why we have felt this way for this long. Sometimes there doesn’t seem to be an obvious explanation for how we feel. We may have feelings of low moods, anxiety or feeling overwhelmed but we just can’t put a finger on why. We may also feel isolated or alone in this and that other people wouldn’t understand. Talking through these feelings with a therapist can help to explore these thoughts and feelings to better understand the causes, and explore ways to work through them.
People choose to have counselling for many reasons. Sometimes we may know the cause but feel stuck with emotions that we can’t seem to change or we can’t understand why we have felt this way for this long. Sometimes there doesn’t seem to be an obvious explanation for how we feel. We may have feelings of low moods, anxiety or feeling overwhelmed but we just can’t put a finger on why. We may also feel isolated or alone in this and that other people wouldn’t understand. Talking through these feelings with a therapist can help to explore these thoughts and feelings to better understand the causes, and explore ways to work through them.
01530 440921 View 01530 440921
Photo of Sheereen Sidat, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Sheereen Sidat
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Glenfield LE3
"Maybe the journey isn't so much about becoming anything. Maybe it's about unbecoming everything that isn't you, so you can be who you were meant to be in the first place."unknown. There are many different reasons to seek out counselling - whatever your reason, I aim to provide a safe, confidential space and time that is yours. A place for you to talk and be heard, to explore, to imagine, to feel and express without judgement. A place where you are not alone in your journey, but have someone alongside you to support you and honour your unique life experiences.
"Maybe the journey isn't so much about becoming anything. Maybe it's about unbecoming everything that isn't you, so you can be who you were meant to be in the first place."unknown. There are many different reasons to seek out counselling - whatever your reason, I aim to provide a safe, confidential space and time that is yours. A place for you to talk and be heard, to explore, to imagine, to feel and express without judgement. A place where you are not alone in your journey, but have someone alongside you to support you and honour your unique life experiences.
0116 464 9410 View 0116 464 9410

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Hollie Jeffery, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Hollie Jeffery
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Leicester LE7
I have experience of working with anxiety, intrusive thoughts, relationship issues, bereavement, traumatic life experiences, shame and self-criticism, low self-esteem and a specialist interest in perinatal mental health.
Therapy can be a great tool for restoring life balance and bringing about positive change. It can help you to understand more about yourself, your thoughts, and your emotions. Therapy could be beneficial if day to day life feels overwhelming or if you have difficult life experiences that you feel ready to explore. Perhaps you can be highly critical of yourself. You might regularly experience emotions that feel unmanageable and overpowering OR you may often find yourself entirely disconnected from how you’re feeling. You might want to learn more about yourself and your relationships with others.
I have experience of working with anxiety, intrusive thoughts, relationship issues, bereavement, traumatic life experiences, shame and self-criticism, low self-esteem and a specialist interest in perinatal mental health.
Therapy can be a great tool for restoring life balance and bringing about positive change. It can help you to understand more about yourself, your thoughts, and your emotions. Therapy could be beneficial if day to day life feels overwhelming or if you have difficult life experiences that you feel ready to explore. Perhaps you can be highly critical of yourself. You might regularly experience emotions that feel unmanageable and overpowering OR you may often find yourself entirely disconnected from how you’re feeling. You might want to learn more about yourself and your relationships with others.
01644 714964 View 01644 714964
Photo of Martin James Smith, PhD, MBACP Snr. Accred, Psychotherapist
Martin James Smith
Psychotherapist, PhD, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
I have been in private practice for over 20 years specialising in anxiety issues as well as helping people with depression, sleep and stress related issues. My approach is a solution focused one which looks at how to help you move on quickly and effectively. I utilise a range of techniques with the focus on looking at things that work for you and help you feel better as quickly and effectively as possible.
I have been in private practice for over 20 years specialising in anxiety issues as well as helping people with depression, sleep and stress related issues. My approach is a solution focused one which looks at how to help you move on quickly and effectively. I utilise a range of techniques with the focus on looking at things that work for you and help you feel better as quickly and effectively as possible.
0115 697 1197 View 0115 697 1197
Photo of Farzana Kaji, MBACP, Counsellor
Farzana Kaji
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
I work with people going through anxiety, depression, low moods, relationship problems, family mishaps, grief, bereavement and so many other issues that life has thrown at us.
Hi, im Farzana. As a counselor, my goal is to create a safe and supportive environment where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment. I aim to empower my clients to tap into their inner strengths, develop self-awareness, and gain insight into their challenges. Through collaborative exploration and tailored interventions, my objective is to facilitate positive change, foster personal growth, and help clients achieve their goals. Ultimately, I strive to equip individuals with the tools and strategies they need to navigate life's complexities with resilience and authenticity.
I work with people going through anxiety, depression, low moods, relationship problems, family mishaps, grief, bereavement and so many other issues that life has thrown at us.
Hi, im Farzana. As a counselor, my goal is to create a safe and supportive environment where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment. I aim to empower my clients to tap into their inner strengths, develop self-awareness, and gain insight into their challenges. Through collaborative exploration and tailored interventions, my objective is to facilitate positive change, foster personal growth, and help clients achieve their goals. Ultimately, I strive to equip individuals with the tools and strategies they need to navigate life's complexities with resilience and authenticity.
01422 411228 View 01422 411228
Photo of undefined - Melanie Hill Counselling, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Melanie Hill Counselling
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with a loss or bereavement? These can be the most painful and devastating experiences to go through. Perhaps you feel on your own, drowning in an emotional whirlpool of sadness, guilt, anger, confusion and other painful feelings. Enduring that whilst having to continue daily life can be exhausting, you might feel disconnected from everyone and everything sometimes. You might feel really isolated, anxious and hopeless and wondering how long you’re going to feel like this? The need to keep all this to yourself, perhaps hiding how you’re feeling from everyone else can keep you stuck in an endless cycle of sadness
Are you struggling with a loss or bereavement? These can be the most painful and devastating experiences to go through. Perhaps you feel on your own, drowning in an emotional whirlpool of sadness, guilt, anger, confusion and other painful feelings. Enduring that whilst having to continue daily life can be exhausting, you might feel disconnected from everyone and everything sometimes. You might feel really isolated, anxious and hopeless and wondering how long you’re going to feel like this? The need to keep all this to yourself, perhaps hiding how you’re feeling from everyone else can keep you stuck in an endless cycle of sadness
01780 431063 View 01780 431063
Photo of Wanjiru Macharia, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
Wanjiru Macharia
Psychotherapist, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Leicester LE1
I am a registered, accredited and qualified counsellor and psychotherapist. I offer therapy on ways to cope with various life challenges such as:- self-harm, confidence issues, low self- esteem, depression, anxiety, bereavement, behavioural issues, sensory and anger management. I respect clients’ views; I am non-judgemental in my approaches and I always maintain confidentiality. The sessions are mostly client led. I believe in giving each client the opportunity to express themselves in ways they feel comfortable. This helps to facilitate the client's progress and recovery.
I am a registered, accredited and qualified counsellor and psychotherapist. I offer therapy on ways to cope with various life challenges such as:- self-harm, confidence issues, low self- esteem, depression, anxiety, bereavement, behavioural issues, sensory and anger management. I respect clients’ views; I am non-judgemental in my approaches and I always maintain confidentiality. The sessions are mostly client led. I believe in giving each client the opportunity to express themselves in ways they feel comfortable. This helps to facilitate the client's progress and recovery.
01604 422159 View 01604 422159
Photo of undefined - Beacon Counselling & Psychotherapy, MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Beacon Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
I have experience of working with male, female and gender neutral clients, aged between 16-88 years old, with various presenting issues, including: Depression, anxiety, bereavement, self-harm, body image issues, OCD, childhood trauma, addiction, anger management, sexual abuse, gender and sexuality issues, an relationship break-ups and self-esteem problems.
Hello, thanks for viewing my profile, I hope i can help. I am a person-centred, psychotherapist, with experience in both the voluntary and private sectors. This includes running my own practice from home, as well as more than four years working for an organisation supporting male survivors of sexual abuse. I also carry out some work for an organisation that provides counselling for current and retired sports men and women.
I have experience of working with male, female and gender neutral clients, aged between 16-88 years old, with various presenting issues, including: Depression, anxiety, bereavement, self-harm, body image issues, OCD, childhood trauma, addiction, anger management, sexual abuse, gender and sexuality issues, an relationship break-ups and self-esteem problems.
Hello, thanks for viewing my profile, I hope i can help. I am a person-centred, psychotherapist, with experience in both the voluntary and private sectors. This includes running my own practice from home, as well as more than four years working for an organisation supporting male survivors of sexual abuse. I also carry out some work for an organisation that provides counselling for current and retired sports men and women.
01509 273788 View 01509 273788
Photo of Mandy Jane Mason, Counsellor
Mandy Jane Mason
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Oadby LE2
If you feel overwhelmed, burnt out, stressed, emotionally depleted, anxious, depressed or unhappy, I am here to listen and support you. If you can identify with any or a number of these issues you may also be lacking in confidence or have a poor sense of self worth. You may feel afraid, lost, confused or could be experiencing debilitating fatigue. These emotions and physical sensations can lead you to feel that life has no meaning or purpose. Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness are very common too.
If you feel overwhelmed, burnt out, stressed, emotionally depleted, anxious, depressed or unhappy, I am here to listen and support you. If you can identify with any or a number of these issues you may also be lacking in confidence or have a poor sense of self worth. You may feel afraid, lost, confused or could be experiencing debilitating fatigue. These emotions and physical sensations can lead you to feel that life has no meaning or purpose. Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness are very common too.
01858 455556 View 01858 455556
Photo of Spencer Bridge, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Spencer Bridge
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Leicester LE1  (Online Only)
Reaching out can be difficult. Maybe you feel stuck, anxious, unsettled, lost your way, or uncomfortable with whom you have become. The difficulties within our lives can change who we are or how we see the world. It can lead to thoughts or behaviours that take us away from who we are, resulting in a feeling of something not being right, struggling to cope or to make sense of things. When entering therapy, our life experiences enter too, and healing occurs within the processing. We will work together to build trust and explore your emotions and thoughts within a non-judgemental and safe environment, working at your own pace.
Reaching out can be difficult. Maybe you feel stuck, anxious, unsettled, lost your way, or uncomfortable with whom you have become. The difficulties within our lives can change who we are or how we see the world. It can lead to thoughts or behaviours that take us away from who we are, resulting in a feeling of something not being right, struggling to cope or to make sense of things. When entering therapy, our life experiences enter too, and healing occurs within the processing. We will work together to build trust and explore your emotions and thoughts within a non-judgemental and safe environment, working at your own pace.
01274 015347 View 01274 015347
Photo of Garry Rollins, MBACP, Counsellor
Garry Rollins
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
I work with clients with a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, eating disorders, addictions, emotional disregulation, child abuse issues, PTSD, and so many others.
Hello. I am a trained and qualified therapist and counsellor, working within a whole range of issues, especially focusing on clients with hard to address issues. My priority is providing a safe, professional and yet friendly service. Whatever issues you have, give me a call and we can talk and I can let you know whether I am honestly able to help.
I work with clients with a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, eating disorders, addictions, emotional disregulation, child abuse issues, PTSD, and so many others.
Hello. I am a trained and qualified therapist and counsellor, working within a whole range of issues, especially focusing on clients with hard to address issues. My priority is providing a safe, professional and yet friendly service. Whatever issues you have, give me a call and we can talk and I can let you know whether I am honestly able to help.
0116 326 2879 View 0116 326 2879
Photo of Helen Anna Gluszonek, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Helen Anna Gluszonek
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
I provide confidential, non-judgemental counselling to enable the client to deal with emotional difficulties which may be causing distress. Using empathy and congruence to help my client feel at ease, I endeavour to help them deal with any difficulties they may face. I have been providing face to face counselling for over 18 years. I have experience in working with anxiety, depression, abuse, bereavement and sexuality. I have over 15 years experience working in schools. I’ve also got 2 years experience working with students at University
I provide confidential, non-judgemental counselling to enable the client to deal with emotional difficulties which may be causing distress. Using empathy and congruence to help my client feel at ease, I endeavour to help them deal with any difficulties they may face. I have been providing face to face counselling for over 18 years. I have experience in working with anxiety, depression, abuse, bereavement and sexuality. I have over 15 years experience working in schools. I’ve also got 2 years experience working with students at University
0116 497 6876 View 0116 497 6876
Photo of Alison Claire Holder, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Alison Claire Holder
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
My specialist areas of working are Relationships, anxiety and trauma and abuse, I also have a lot of experience working with children and young people.
Hi, I am a qualified Counsellor/Psychotherapist and Clinical Supervisor. I Offer face to face and online sessions, I am based in Evington Leicester with easy access for parking. I have many years experience working with a range of different issues such as trauma, depression, anxiety, bereavement and loss, self esteem, relationship issues. I have experience of working with children (age 5 up) teenagers and adults. I offer you a safe non judgemental place to explore your difficult thoughts and feelings, and work with you to create the changes you want to make.
My specialist areas of working are Relationships, anxiety and trauma and abuse, I also have a lot of experience working with children and young people.
Hi, I am a qualified Counsellor/Psychotherapist and Clinical Supervisor. I Offer face to face and online sessions, I am based in Evington Leicester with easy access for parking. I have many years experience working with a range of different issues such as trauma, depression, anxiety, bereavement and loss, self esteem, relationship issues. I have experience of working with children (age 5 up) teenagers and adults. I offer you a safe non judgemental place to explore your difficult thoughts and feelings, and work with you to create the changes you want to make.
0116 216 4260 View 0116 216 4260
Photo of Ahmed Joe Lamrani, MBACP, Counsellor
Ahmed Joe Lamrani
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
Are you anxious, depressed, feeling stressed or issues getting you down? Sometimes life can be overwhelming and with no one to turn to. Life experiences may bring feelings of anger, fear or pain and by talking and understanding your individual situation together we can begin to make sense of it. Counselling can help you to deal with and recognise stress, anxiety, anger and any other emotions you may be experiencing. Having a safe place where you can just be yourself, express your feelings and emotions without having to feel you are burdening your loved ones can make all the difference.
Are you anxious, depressed, feeling stressed or issues getting you down? Sometimes life can be overwhelming and with no one to turn to. Life experiences may bring feelings of anger, fear or pain and by talking and understanding your individual situation together we can begin to make sense of it. Counselling can help you to deal with and recognise stress, anxiety, anger and any other emotions you may be experiencing. Having a safe place where you can just be yourself, express your feelings and emotions without having to feel you are burdening your loved ones can make all the difference.
0116 464 9705 View 0116 464 9705
Photo of Linda Mafuta, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Linda Mafuta
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Leicester LE3  (Online Only)
Counselling can be a safe space for you to explore your inner fears, unresolved issues from the past or an opportunity to gain clarity and untangle what’s happening for you.
My name is Linda Mafuta and I am an Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I have experience of working in the mental health services for 17 years and I have been working for the NHS over the last 7 years as a Counsellor. I work with Individual adults as well as Couples. Sometimes we may feel alone, overwhelmed or just struggle to discuss what is going in our lives with our family, friends or loved ones. Whether you come to therapy as an individual or a couple.
Counselling can be a safe space for you to explore your inner fears, unresolved issues from the past or an opportunity to gain clarity and untangle what’s happening for you.
My name is Linda Mafuta and I am an Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I have experience of working in the mental health services for 17 years and I have been working for the NHS over the last 7 years as a Counsellor. I work with Individual adults as well as Couples. Sometimes we may feel alone, overwhelmed or just struggle to discuss what is going in our lives with our family, friends or loved ones. Whether you come to therapy as an individual or a couple.
01305 235772 View 01305 235772
Photo of Nicky Alexis Daly, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Nicky Alexis Daly
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE1
Are you struggling with difficult feelings such as fear, depression, anxiety, stress, grief, anger? Do you feel like you are going around in circles and can't see a light at the end of the tunnel? Taking that step to ask for help can be a frightening one, but it can also be them beginning of stepping out of that circle and finding a different perspective. My name is Nicky Daly and I work in a counselling/psychotherapy practice, just 3 minutes drive from J23 of the M1. As a practise we offer short and long term therapy for individuals, couples and children. We have over 30 years experience supporting people in distress.
Are you struggling with difficult feelings such as fear, depression, anxiety, stress, grief, anger? Do you feel like you are going around in circles and can't see a light at the end of the tunnel? Taking that step to ask for help can be a frightening one, but it can also be them beginning of stepping out of that circle and finding a different perspective. My name is Nicky Daly and I work in a counselling/psychotherapy practice, just 3 minutes drive from J23 of the M1. As a practise we offer short and long term therapy for individuals, couples and children. We have over 30 years experience supporting people in distress.
07581 747542 View 07581 747542
Photo of undefined - Swan Counselling Services - Tracey Cooper, MBACP, Counsellor
Swan Counselling Services - Tracey Cooper
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leicester LE3
I help clients with issues such as suicide ideation, stress, low self-esteem, panic disorder, anxiety, illness, baby loss, relationships, work issues feeling sad and phobias.
It can seem like the hardest thing to do to access counselling, but it can be life changing if you take that first step. You may not be entirely clear on what you want but just have a feeling that things don't feel right and you have decided that you want to understand what, why and how to refocus and live the life you feel is best for you. Or perhaps you are very aware of a struggle with difficulties, which may already be formally diagnosed by another professional, and you want to regain some control instead of feeling that these issues take over. I can support people in achieving their goals wherever they are in their journey.
I help clients with issues such as suicide ideation, stress, low self-esteem, panic disorder, anxiety, illness, baby loss, relationships, work issues feeling sad and phobias.
It can seem like the hardest thing to do to access counselling, but it can be life changing if you take that first step. You may not be entirely clear on what you want but just have a feeling that things don't feel right and you have decided that you want to understand what, why and how to refocus and live the life you feel is best for you. Or perhaps you are very aware of a struggle with difficulties, which may already be formally diagnosed by another professional, and you want to regain some control instead of feeling that these issues take over. I can support people in achieving their goals wherever they are in their journey.
01455 247702 View 01455 247702
Photo of undefined - SR Inspiration CBT Practitioner, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
SR Inspiration CBT Practitioner
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Leicester LE3
This therapist prefers to be identified as CBT Practitioner. I aim to work emphatically and collaboratively engage the client. If you are experiencing the following : Addiction, Anger Management, Anxiety, Abuse , Bereavement, Depression, Marriage or Relationship breakdown, PTSD, Self-Esteem, Stress , and Eating disorders call this practitioner for help. Don't leave it too late. My therapeutic approach using CBT model provides a short-term, goal focused and highly structured approach to therapeutic Assessment, Stabilisation, Planning, Intervention, Resilience and Evaluation. Call now for help. Do not leave it too late.
This therapist prefers to be identified as CBT Practitioner. I aim to work emphatically and collaboratively engage the client. If you are experiencing the following : Addiction, Anger Management, Anxiety, Abuse , Bereavement, Depression, Marriage or Relationship breakdown, PTSD, Self-Esteem, Stress , and Eating disorders call this practitioner for help. Don't leave it too late. My therapeutic approach using CBT model provides a short-term, goal focused and highly structured approach to therapeutic Assessment, Stabilisation, Planning, Intervention, Resilience and Evaluation. Call now for help. Do not leave it too late.
0116 478 2890 View 0116 478 2890
Anxiety Counsellors

What are the most common treatments for anxiety?

Talk therapy, particularly cognitive behavioural therapy, is the most common treatment for anxiety. Studies have shown it is equally effective as medication. Other forms of therapy are popular, depending on a patient’s experience. Exposure therapy, for instance, can be useful for people dealing with fears and phobias, or who have experienced traumatic events. Dialectical Behavioural Therapy may be useful for patients who need help with emotion regulation. Anxiolytic medications, like benzodiazepines, can also help with calming a person enough to focus on the skills they’ve learned, and physical exercise has been shown to help symptoms of anxiety across the board.

How long does therapy for anxiety take to work?

The amount of time needed to alleviate symptoms depends on the severity of a person’s condition. Some therapies may take 5-20 weekly sessions to show results. Anti-depressant medications typically take two to four weeks before a benefit is felt. Anti-anxiety medications are felt typically within 20-30 minutes. Medications are best used to offer a patient a better headspace in which to work on techniques learned in therapy. Exercise, improved sleep habits, and meditation are effective, but takes weeks or months to show results.

When should I seek treatment for anxiety?

Everyone feels anxious at times, but when anxiety causes disruption to your daily life, it may be time to seek help. Such disruption can be mental, physical, or both: having fear dominate your thoughts, avoiding situations or objects that bring on feelings of anxiety, or experiencing shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness, or panic attacks. When these symptoms are recurrent and distressing, it may be time to talk to someone.

How effective is treatment for anxiety?

Treatment for anxiety has been shown to be moderately to highly effective, according to a large body of psychology studies and analyses. For some people, treatment using CBT or exposure therapy alone is effective. Others respond best to a combination of medication and therapy.