Counselling in Farnborough

Photo of Serene Beginnings, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Serene Beginnings
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Do you find yourself saying ‘I’m fine’ when someone asks ‘How are you?’, but inside you are crumbling? Do you find yourself putting a mask on whenever you are around others in fear of them seeing what is really going on inside? Or do you find yourself ignoring your emotions and just pushing them away and not giving yourself the time to explore how you are really feeling? Life can be incredibly challenging at times and I understand how some life experiences can have a big impact on us and can leave us feeling overwhelmed and confused. Before you know it, you have lost direction and feel stuck and unable to find your way back.
Do you find yourself saying ‘I’m fine’ when someone asks ‘How are you?’, but inside you are crumbling? Do you find yourself putting a mask on whenever you are around others in fear of them seeing what is really going on inside? Or do you find yourself ignoring your emotions and just pushing them away and not giving yourself the time to explore how you are really feeling? Life can be incredibly challenging at times and I understand how some life experiences can have a big impact on us and can leave us feeling overwhelmed and confused. Before you know it, you have lost direction and feel stuck and unable to find your way back.
01252 986445 View 01252 986445
Photo of Michael Hope Mncs Accred; Mbacp, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Michael Hope Mncs Accred; Mbacp
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Many thanks for reaching out to to me. I am a qualified Counsellor & Psychotherapist and offer telephone, online and face to face sessions. I have been very privileged and humbled in recent years working with individuals like yourself, in appreciating the issues and problems that you have to contend with, especially during these current trying times. I will embark on a journey with you in a supportive, safe and confidential manner. There will be times when we will share tears, laughter, silence, challenging situations and so on. Whatever happens during our developing therapeutic relationship, I will be there for you.
Many thanks for reaching out to to me. I am a qualified Counsellor & Psychotherapist and offer telephone, online and face to face sessions. I have been very privileged and humbled in recent years working with individuals like yourself, in appreciating the issues and problems that you have to contend with, especially during these current trying times. I will embark on a journey with you in a supportive, safe and confidential manner. There will be times when we will share tears, laughter, silence, challenging situations and so on. Whatever happens during our developing therapeutic relationship, I will be there for you.
01276 984300 View 01276 984300
Photo of Naomi Page, Psychologist in Farnborough, England
Naomi Page
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I work with clients with a wide range of difficulties including anxiety, depression, mood swings, phobias, panic attacks, obsessive compulsive behaviour, difficulties in social situations, anger management issues, stress, bereavement, postnatal depression, relationship issues and family problems. Many of my clients come with a question about life - a feeling of stuckness, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust to life changes. I provide individual therapy in my private practice to support people with these difficulties.
I work with clients with a wide range of difficulties including anxiety, depression, mood swings, phobias, panic attacks, obsessive compulsive behaviour, difficulties in social situations, anger management issues, stress, bereavement, postnatal depression, relationship issues and family problems. Many of my clients come with a question about life - a feeling of stuckness, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust to life changes. I provide individual therapy in my private practice to support people with these difficulties.
01689 669411 View 01689 669411
Photo of Bright Minds Therapy, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Bright Minds Therapy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Hello, I’m Kate and welcome to my page. I am a qualified therapist with 9 years experience in counselling. I run a successful private practice from Farnborough, and my counselling room is a peaceful, confidential and safe space to express and explore what may be troubling you. By working together, you will enable growth, and a clear view for a brighter future. I work with individuals and couples and have the recognized qualifications to work in both areas of psychotherapy and counselling
Hello, I’m Kate and welcome to my page. I am a qualified therapist with 9 years experience in counselling. I run a successful private practice from Farnborough, and my counselling room is a peaceful, confidential and safe space to express and explore what may be troubling you. By working together, you will enable growth, and a clear view for a brighter future. I work with individuals and couples and have the recognized qualifications to work in both areas of psychotherapy and counselling
01252 942446 View 01252 942446
Photo of Hannah Barrow, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Hannah Barrow
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Hello and welcome. Reaching out for support can be a huge step. As a counsellor I'm here to provide you with a safe, non-judgmental, and confidential space where your concerns are not just heard but deeply understood.
Hello and welcome. Reaching out for support can be a huge step. As a counsellor I'm here to provide you with a safe, non-judgmental, and confidential space where your concerns are not just heard but deeply understood.
01252 414043 View 01252 414043
Photo of Clare-Marie Keel Do You Need To Talk And Feel Heard', Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Clare-Marie Keel Do You Need To Talk And Feel Heard'
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Are you anxious, sad, confused etc about the future. There may be an issue in your past that has not been dealt with and so it is ruminating around in your head. This could be for a variety of reasons such as issues in your relationship, work stress, family conflict, a bereavement, life changes etc Sometimes we cannot really work out the reason why our mood has shifted and what to do about it and that is okay as counselling can help to unravel what is going on at a deeper level. I work with individuals or couples who are experiencing such difficulties and need support with coping strategies in moving forward to improve their life.
Are you anxious, sad, confused etc about the future. There may be an issue in your past that has not been dealt with and so it is ruminating around in your head. This could be for a variety of reasons such as issues in your relationship, work stress, family conflict, a bereavement, life changes etc Sometimes we cannot really work out the reason why our mood has shifted and what to do about it and that is okay as counselling can help to unravel what is going on at a deeper level. I work with individuals or couples who are experiencing such difficulties and need support with coping strategies in moving forward to improve their life.
01252 942793 View 01252 942793
Photo of Andrew Byrne, Psychotherapist in Farnborough, England
Andrew Byrne
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I'm a qualified and experienced Integrative & Short-term dynamic psychotherapist and supervisor based in Farnborough. I work with a range of conditions, my specialist areas are emotional neglect, anxiety, depression, attachment, trauma, addictions, anger, bereavement, personality disorders, chronic pain & CFS/ME. I'm offering to face to face appointments in Farnborough. I am also continuing to provide online appointments.
I'm a qualified and experienced Integrative & Short-term dynamic psychotherapist and supervisor based in Farnborough. I work with a range of conditions, my specialist areas are emotional neglect, anxiety, depression, attachment, trauma, addictions, anger, bereavement, personality disorders, chronic pain & CFS/ME. I'm offering to face to face appointments in Farnborough. I am also continuing to provide online appointments.
01252 968052 View 01252 968052
Photo of Leila May Barzey, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Leila May Barzey
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
For many the process of counselling is new and it can feel daunting. At times the decision to stay start therapy is prompted by a life event, recent or historic. Some people start therapy because of difficult feelings and thoughts; these can be life long and impact on relationships. Another reason for seeking help can be because of certain patterns of relating that are not helpful or because of a sense that personal needs are not being met. Whatever the reasons , acknowledging the difficulties and contacting a counsellor is the first step.
For many the process of counselling is new and it can feel daunting. At times the decision to stay start therapy is prompted by a life event, recent or historic. Some people start therapy because of difficult feelings and thoughts; these can be life long and impact on relationships. Another reason for seeking help can be because of certain patterns of relating that are not helpful or because of a sense that personal needs are not being met. Whatever the reasons , acknowledging the difficulties and contacting a counsellor is the first step.
01689 668213 View 01689 668213
Photo of Laura Bearman, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Laura Bearman
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14  (Online Only)
Not feeling good enough can have a huge impact on every area of life. You may feel held back/stuck, feel scared to put yourself out there and so miss out on dreams and opportunities. You often hear yourself thinking badly of yourself or putting yourself down. Feelings can be scary and vulnerable and it’s safer to let your mind be in control. Low moods, anxiety and frustration can appear and feel impossible to move past. You can feel invisible, but on edge that you’ll be exposed at any minute. You don’t feel seen, heard or understood, which can be lonely and stop you feeling genuinely connected to others in all relationships.
Not feeling good enough can have a huge impact on every area of life. You may feel held back/stuck, feel scared to put yourself out there and so miss out on dreams and opportunities. You often hear yourself thinking badly of yourself or putting yourself down. Feelings can be scary and vulnerable and it’s safer to let your mind be in control. Low moods, anxiety and frustration can appear and feel impossible to move past. You can feel invisible, but on edge that you’ll be exposed at any minute. You don’t feel seen, heard or understood, which can be lonely and stop you feeling genuinely connected to others in all relationships.
01252 412439 View 01252 412439
Photo of Mandy McGinnes Counselling, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Mandy McGinnes Counselling
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Welcome ... And a little about me ... Hello, my name is Mandy, I would like to begin by offering you a very warm welcome to my website. I would also like to acknowledge the courage it has potentially taken for you to consider the prospect of counselling. ​ For many the thought, the idea of counselling is daunting. Sharing your inner self with someone unfamiliar. The fear of the unknown can seem immense, your feelings are very valid and very real.
Welcome ... And a little about me ... Hello, my name is Mandy, I would like to begin by offering you a very warm welcome to my website. I would also like to acknowledge the courage it has potentially taken for you to consider the prospect of counselling. ​ For many the thought, the idea of counselling is daunting. Sharing your inner self with someone unfamiliar. The fear of the unknown can seem immense, your feelings are very valid and very real.
07962 925856 View 07962 925856
Photo of Kate Isabelle Mallinder, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Kate Isabelle Mallinder
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Farnborough GU14
Feeling stuck, anxious, or overwhelmed can sometimes make us feel incredibly isolated, especially when it's hard to find a supportive ear that listens without judgment. Have you ever been taken aback by how strongly you've reacted emotionally to a situation, leaving you to wonder why? It’s natural to seek understanding in those moments, and that’s where I can lend a hand. By delving into your emotions together, we can unravel the complexities of your experiences, paving the way for deeper insight and clarity.
Feeling stuck, anxious, or overwhelmed can sometimes make us feel incredibly isolated, especially when it's hard to find a supportive ear that listens without judgment. Have you ever been taken aback by how strongly you've reacted emotionally to a situation, leaving you to wonder why? It’s natural to seek understanding in those moments, and that’s where I can lend a hand. By delving into your emotions together, we can unravel the complexities of your experiences, paving the way for deeper insight and clarity.
01252 415098 View 01252 415098
Photo of Chris Hutchins-Joss, Psychotherapist in Farnborough, England
Chris Hutchins-Joss
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14  (Online Only)
As a CBT and ACT therapist with a decade of NHS experience and BABCP accreditation, I work with a wide range of adult clients. Many of my clients struggle with self-doubt, anxiety, or low mood, often feeling stuck despite their efforts to improve.
As a CBT and ACT therapist with a decade of NHS experience and BABCP accreditation, I work with a wide range of adult clients. Many of my clients struggle with self-doubt, anxiety, or low mood, often feeling stuck despite their efforts to improve.
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Photo of Questa Psychological Services , Psychologist in Farnborough, England
Questa Psychological Services
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, AFBPSsS
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I'm Bandna and I'm the Clinical Director of Questa. We're a small, specialist practice offering gold standard psychological services for children, teenagers, adults and families across Hampshire and Surrey. Our clinicians and support team are here to help you through; whether you want an assessment/diagnosis for autism, ADHD, family support, psychological therapy or supportive psychological coaching (SPC) we can help - and if we can't we'll do our utmost to help you find someone who can. Call or email us today to discuss how we may be able to help you.
I'm Bandna and I'm the Clinical Director of Questa. We're a small, specialist practice offering gold standard psychological services for children, teenagers, adults and families across Hampshire and Surrey. Our clinicians and support team are here to help you through; whether you want an assessment/diagnosis for autism, ADHD, family support, psychological therapy or supportive psychological coaching (SPC) we can help - and if we can't we'll do our utmost to help you find someone who can. Call or email us today to discuss how we may be able to help you.
01252 412471 View 01252 412471
Photo of Emily Gomes, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Emily Gomes
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I am an experienced and fully qualified therapeutic counsellor for children and adolescents aged 4-19 years old, and provide counselling in a confidential, non judgemental and safe setting. My therapy room is based in Farnborough and I am able to offer support and relief from the overwhelming and anxious feelings that can leave a child or adolescent feeling vulnerable. I have found that through the therapy process, children and young people can develop their communication skills and confidence levels, as well as learning how to cope with difficult feelings.
I am an experienced and fully qualified therapeutic counsellor for children and adolescents aged 4-19 years old, and provide counselling in a confidential, non judgemental and safe setting. My therapy room is based in Farnborough and I am able to offer support and relief from the overwhelming and anxious feelings that can leave a child or adolescent feeling vulnerable. I have found that through the therapy process, children and young people can develop their communication skills and confidence levels, as well as learning how to cope with difficult feelings.
01689 666184 View 01689 666184
Photo of Angela Robertson, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Angela Robertson
Counsellor, ACC-AC
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I am an experienced counsellor, supporting clients through specific and multiple, complex issues. I am trained in most areas and techniques, including: CBT, psychodynamic, mindfulness, attachment, creative, Imago. I am integrative in my approach to meet the needs of the individual client.​ I focus on the client's journey, building awareness and the tools to manage life's situations. The client sets the pace and decides the content, and we explore thoughts, feelings and experiences. The aim is to release understanding, acceptance, and a greater self awareness, discovering answers and choice in a way forward. ​
I am an experienced counsellor, supporting clients through specific and multiple, complex issues. I am trained in most areas and techniques, including: CBT, psychodynamic, mindfulness, attachment, creative, Imago. I am integrative in my approach to meet the needs of the individual client.​ I focus on the client's journey, building awareness and the tools to manage life's situations. The client sets the pace and decides the content, and we explore thoughts, feelings and experiences. The aim is to release understanding, acceptance, and a greater self awareness, discovering answers and choice in a way forward. ​
01689 664434 View 01689 664434
Photo of Questa Psychological Services, Psychologist in Farnborough, England
Questa Psychological Services
Psychologist, PsychD, AFBPSsS
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Questa is a small, specialist practice; we provide a range of psychological services for children and adults, both clinical and educational. In addition to therapy, we are experts in Autism and ADHD assessment/diagnosis. We offer therapy and support for a range of emotional problems for children, teenagers and adults and are specialists in anxiety, depression and trauma, providing therapy to emergency services personnel. Do call or email us today to discuss how we may be able to support you. We can usually help, but if we can't, then we’ll do our very best to offer advice and signposting.
Questa is a small, specialist practice; we provide a range of psychological services for children and adults, both clinical and educational. In addition to therapy, we are experts in Autism and ADHD assessment/diagnosis. We offer therapy and support for a range of emotional problems for children, teenagers and adults and are specialists in anxiety, depression and trauma, providing therapy to emergency services personnel. Do call or email us today to discuss how we may be able to support you. We can usually help, but if we can't, then we’ll do our very best to offer advice and signposting.
023 8192 4877 View 023 8192 4877
Photo of Catherine Moss, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Catherine Moss
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Therapy is your space to untangle hard feelings, difficult situations or work through past, painful experiences. Whatever your reasons or goals for coming to therapy, I'll provide a gentle, supportive relationship for you to do just that. You will have a safe space to be yourself without being judged. I'll be beside you as you make sense of things and understand yourself better. Or you might want some help to recognise unhelpful patterns that you want to change or resolve or accept those complicated feelings.
Therapy is your space to untangle hard feelings, difficult situations or work through past, painful experiences. Whatever your reasons or goals for coming to therapy, I'll provide a gentle, supportive relationship for you to do just that. You will have a safe space to be yourself without being judged. I'll be beside you as you make sense of things and understand yourself better. Or you might want some help to recognise unhelpful patterns that you want to change or resolve or accept those complicated feelings.
01276 748061 View 01276 748061
Photo of Elizabeth Sakutukwa, Psychotherapist in Farnborough, England
Elizabeth Sakutukwa
Psychotherapist, PsychD, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I am a BABCP registered Psychotherapist. It is my goal to facilitate and communicate with my clients as best as they can to uncover the essence of concerning issues and those that may arise. These issues can be challenging and overwhelming. My experience has shown that using a non-judgmental, open and honest approach enables clients to understand themselves and their lives better after understanding how to communicate. This skill begins on day one of therapy and can be applied to various life situations. I am honored to hear clients speak about what matters to them most, and to help them reach their full potential.
I am a BABCP registered Psychotherapist. It is my goal to facilitate and communicate with my clients as best as they can to uncover the essence of concerning issues and those that may arise. These issues can be challenging and overwhelming. My experience has shown that using a non-judgmental, open and honest approach enables clients to understand themselves and their lives better after understanding how to communicate. This skill begins on day one of therapy and can be applied to various life situations. I am honored to hear clients speak about what matters to them most, and to help them reach their full potential.
01329 759309 View 01329 759309
Photo of Zoe Barton, Counsellor in Farnborough, England
Zoe Barton
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
Anxiety, self-doubt, low self-esteem, persistent or seemingly unexplainable feelings of low-mood are all common concerns that many of us will experience at some point in our lives- you are not alone. Perhaps current distressing thoughts, feelings of overwhelm or harmful behaviours have come as a result of a sudden change that you are struggling to process alone; a recent bereavement, relationship breakdown, serious health diagnosis or you have experienced a traumatic injury or assault.
Anxiety, self-doubt, low self-esteem, persistent or seemingly unexplainable feelings of low-mood are all common concerns that many of us will experience at some point in our lives- you are not alone. Perhaps current distressing thoughts, feelings of overwhelm or harmful behaviours have come as a result of a sudden change that you are struggling to process alone; a recent bereavement, relationship breakdown, serious health diagnosis or you have experienced a traumatic injury or assault.
01689 663045 View 01689 663045
Photo of Tony Boorman, Psychotherapist in Farnborough, England
Tony Boorman
Psychotherapist, PhD, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
In these difficult times we can easily feel overwhelmed or struggle with life events. I believe that lasting change is achieved through a supportive, open and trusting therapeutic relationship between practitioner and client. An experienced Counsellor and Psychotherapist, I can provide a reliable, safe space to talk through what is troubling you and support you in moving forward. I have a wide range of experience in helping people to grow emotionally and work through challenging situations. I have also worked with people from many different backgrounds and circumstances with a wide range of difficulties and issues.
In these difficult times we can easily feel overwhelmed or struggle with life events. I believe that lasting change is achieved through a supportive, open and trusting therapeutic relationship between practitioner and client. An experienced Counsellor and Psychotherapist, I can provide a reliable, safe space to talk through what is troubling you and support you in moving forward. I have a wide range of experience in helping people to grow emotionally and work through challenging situations. I have also worked with people from many different backgrounds and circumstances with a wide range of difficulties and issues.
01252 968059 View 01252 968059

See more therapy options for Farnborough

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Farnborough

40+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in Farnborough who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
92% Self Esteem
90% Stress
88% Relationship Issues
79% Bereavement
71% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Vitality
72% Aviva
67% AXA PPP

How Counsellors in Farnborough see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Farnborough?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.