Counselling in Edgware

Photo of Joel Kaye, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Joel Kaye
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Edgware HA8
I am an MBACP registered counsellor & coach specialising in men's mental health relating to loss & bereavement, anxiety and overwhelm, and relationship issues.
I am an MBACP registered counsellor & coach specialising in men's mental health relating to loss & bereavement, anxiety and overwhelm, and relationship issues.
020 8016 3339 View 020 8016 3339
Photo of Ellie C, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Ellie C
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified
Edgware HA8  (Online Only)
A warm hello and thank you for visiting my profile. I am Ellie, a qualified art therapist. This means that other than talking, we can also look at creative ways for you (that do not require any expenses) to express feelings and thoughts, as sometimes talking about difficult material continuously can be overwhelming. Allowing oneself to be vulnerable is difficult and I truly commend you for making a first step in seeking support. We will work together to create a therapeutic alliance and explore your troubles, as we look at ways to manage them. Much of my work is trauma-informed, working with relational trauma of different types.
A warm hello and thank you for visiting my profile. I am Ellie, a qualified art therapist. This means that other than talking, we can also look at creative ways for you (that do not require any expenses) to express feelings and thoughts, as sometimes talking about difficult material continuously can be overwhelming. Allowing oneself to be vulnerable is difficult and I truly commend you for making a first step in seeking support. We will work together to create a therapeutic alliance and explore your troubles, as we look at ways to manage them. Much of my work is trauma-informed, working with relational trauma of different types.
020 4538 1649 View 020 4538 1649
Photo of Leora Kaye, Psychologist in Edgware, England
Leora Kaye
Psychologist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Edgware HA8
Are you struggling to make sense of things around you? Do you find it hard to understand yourself and your thoughts? Do you want to gain more confidence? Do you have specific thoughts or events that are stopping you from living freely? Do you feel that you have to hide who you are out of fear? Are you feeling anxious or depressed? Is it affecting your relationships with others? Do you find it hard to build healthy, lasting relationships? Do you wish that you had somewhere to speak freely, to discuss the things that are bothering you, and to be able to find the confidence to live your life to the fullest?
Are you struggling to make sense of things around you? Do you find it hard to understand yourself and your thoughts? Do you want to gain more confidence? Do you have specific thoughts or events that are stopping you from living freely? Do you feel that you have to hide who you are out of fear? Are you feeling anxious or depressed? Is it affecting your relationships with others? Do you find it hard to build healthy, lasting relationships? Do you wish that you had somewhere to speak freely, to discuss the things that are bothering you, and to be able to find the confidence to live your life to the fullest?
020 3910 8230 View 020 3910 8230
Photo of Fiona Anne Palmer, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Fiona Anne Palmer
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Edgware HA8
Life can be tough, and sometimes you can be overwhelmed by seemingly impossible problems. I specialise in helping adults dealing with the challenges of caring for others, or who are bereaved, or are studying. It can be an enormous help when a trained, non-judgemental person, independent from the people around you, really listens to you. My work helps you find a positive way through your challenges, thoughts, and feelings. This helps you manage the complications of life which can lead to stress, anxiety, low self-esteem, and depression if they are not addressed.
Life can be tough, and sometimes you can be overwhelmed by seemingly impossible problems. I specialise in helping adults dealing with the challenges of caring for others, or who are bereaved, or are studying. It can be an enormous help when a trained, non-judgemental person, independent from the people around you, really listens to you. My work helps you find a positive way through your challenges, thoughts, and feelings. This helps you manage the complications of life which can lead to stress, anxiety, low self-esteem, and depression if they are not addressed.
020 4530 8194 View 020 4530 8194
Photo of Sharon Anne Kalinko, Psychologist in Edgware, England
Sharon Anne Kalinko
Psychologist, MA, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Edgware HA8
Have you ever felt like everything is just too much and you have no one to talk to who will really listen to you and understand how you feel? This is what my clients experience when they come to see me. I have over 30 years of experience working with many different people and issues and I can listen without getting involved on a personal level so that I can use my many skills to help you. My sole purpose is to support your growth and development to deal effectively with your life and overcome your difficulties. My passion is to help people become more functional and effective in their work, home, family and social relationships.
Have you ever felt like everything is just too much and you have no one to talk to who will really listen to you and understand how you feel? This is what my clients experience when they come to see me. I have over 30 years of experience working with many different people and issues and I can listen without getting involved on a personal level so that I can use my many skills to help you. My sole purpose is to support your growth and development to deal effectively with your life and overcome your difficulties. My passion is to help people become more functional and effective in their work, home, family and social relationships.
07480 488715 View 07480 488715
Photo of Dr Mazal M. Tasgal, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Dr Mazal M. Tasgal
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, HCPC-Couns. Psych.
Verified
Edgware HA8
Hello, I am Dr Tasgal I use an integrative approach to psychotherapy but my way of working is rooted in Existential phenomenology. This means I am open and curious as we explore the landscape of your life. I have worked in the NHS and private practice with a variety of presentations. I have a special interest in carer fatigue and those dealing with medical negligence in their lives. I aim to create a bespoke relationship between myself and my clients with a gentle approach towards self exploration. I offer a warm nurturing setting that is both safe and comfortable.
Hello, I am Dr Tasgal I use an integrative approach to psychotherapy but my way of working is rooted in Existential phenomenology. This means I am open and curious as we explore the landscape of your life. I have worked in the NHS and private practice with a variety of presentations. I have a special interest in carer fatigue and those dealing with medical negligence in their lives. I aim to create a bespoke relationship between myself and my clients with a gentle approach towards self exploration. I offer a warm nurturing setting that is both safe and comfortable.
020 4538 5780 View 020 4538 5780
Photo of Adele Treger, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Adele Treger
Counsellor, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified
Edgware HA8
I have worked as a Counsellor for over 30 years and can help you if you are struggling with Relationship issues, Bereavement, Anxiety and Depression. I treat both adults and adolescents and am also interested in helping people who are generally struggling with their identity and finding meaning in life. I am a warm and approachable person and am happy to offer therapy via FaceTime, What’s App or Skype
I have worked as a Counsellor for over 30 years and can help you if you are struggling with Relationship issues, Bereavement, Anxiety and Depression. I treat both adults and adolescents and am also interested in helping people who are generally struggling with their identity and finding meaning in life. I am a warm and approachable person and am happy to offer therapy via FaceTime, What’s App or Skype
07803 714869 View 07803 714869
Photo of Zahava Bloom, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Zahava Bloom
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified
Edgware HA8
My approach to therapy is to create a place for you to feel safe and of space for you to develop trust to share your life experiences ranging from daily life stresses to deep rooted issues. . The aim of therapy is to help you live with more clarity , ease and enjoyment and I achieve this throughI a holistic and non judgmental environment that enables growth. Through our therapeutic relationship, we can then discover together how to work on your concerns and apply tools to deal with your issues, so that healing can occur.
My approach to therapy is to create a place for you to feel safe and of space for you to develop trust to share your life experiences ranging from daily life stresses to deep rooted issues. . The aim of therapy is to help you live with more clarity , ease and enjoyment and I achieve this throughI a holistic and non judgmental environment that enables growth. Through our therapeutic relationship, we can then discover together how to work on your concerns and apply tools to deal with your issues, so that healing can occur.
07723 470651 View 07723 470651
Photo of Zoleikha Gholizadeh, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Zoleikha Gholizadeh
Counsellor, PhD, SNCPS Acc.
Verified
Edgware HA8
I have experience in helping clients with stress and anxiety, trauma and abuse, anger management, & depression. I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. It takes courage to seek out a more fulfilling and happier life and to take the first steps towards a change. I am here to support & empower you in that journey. I provide CBT therapy in 3 languages English, Persian and Turkish.
I have experience in helping clients with stress and anxiety, trauma and abuse, anger management, & depression. I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. It takes courage to seek out a more fulfilling and happier life and to take the first steps towards a change. I am here to support & empower you in that journey. I provide CBT therapy in 3 languages English, Persian and Turkish.
020 4538 0785 View 020 4538 0785
Photo of Paula Newman, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Paula Newman
Counsellor, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified
Edgware HA8
I offer a supportive, confidential and friendly service to individuals, couples and families. You may wish to address a particular issue, or perhaps you are considering counselling because of a feeling that all is not well. Life brings various challenges. Our physical and psychological well being is affected by traumatic events, bullying, abuse, bereavement, family tensions, relationships and more. Sometimes we find ways of coping which also cause problems, examples are self-harm and addictions. I provide a non-judgmental space for whatever you wish to explore and address including anxiety, depression and emotional distress.
I offer a supportive, confidential and friendly service to individuals, couples and families. You may wish to address a particular issue, or perhaps you are considering counselling because of a feeling that all is not well. Life brings various challenges. Our physical and psychological well being is affected by traumatic events, bullying, abuse, bereavement, family tensions, relationships and more. Sometimes we find ways of coping which also cause problems, examples are self-harm and addictions. I provide a non-judgmental space for whatever you wish to explore and address including anxiety, depression and emotional distress.
01923 625055 View 01923 625055
Photo of Malgorzata Zglinska, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Malgorzata Zglinska
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified
Edgware HA8
Do you feel alone with your problems? Stressed up and anxious? Lonely and depressed? Unhappy in relationships? Full of anger? Mourning a loss? Looking for meaning and direction? If so why not come for a chat to see how I can help? I have helped people from various walks of life and of different ages. I have assisted clients going through the midlife crisis to find meaning and a sense of purpose. I have made a difference to the lives of young people ridden with anxiety, searching for values and goals and uncertain of their personal and career choices.
Do you feel alone with your problems? Stressed up and anxious? Lonely and depressed? Unhappy in relationships? Full of anger? Mourning a loss? Looking for meaning and direction? If so why not come for a chat to see how I can help? I have helped people from various walks of life and of different ages. I have assisted clients going through the midlife crisis to find meaning and a sense of purpose. I have made a difference to the lives of young people ridden with anxiety, searching for values and goals and uncertain of their personal and career choices.
07713 147711 View 07713 147711
Photo of Apratim Barua, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Apratim Barua
Psychotherapist, MA, BPC
Verified
Edgware HA8
Sometimes in life you arrive at a point where you know that you need some help. The problems that you are facing are too much for you to overcome on your own. In particular, if you are a young adult, you are confronted with a unique set of challenges that needs someone who understands those challenges and has experience in helping you navigate your way through them. Whether it is bullying, or a feeling that you don't fit in, or whether it is depression and anxiety, stress or relationship problems or problems to do with gender and sexuality, I can offer you a safe place to explore these issues.
Sometimes in life you arrive at a point where you know that you need some help. The problems that you are facing are too much for you to overcome on your own. In particular, if you are a young adult, you are confronted with a unique set of challenges that needs someone who understands those challenges and has experience in helping you navigate your way through them. Whether it is bullying, or a feeling that you don't fit in, or whether it is depression and anxiety, stress or relationship problems or problems to do with gender and sexuality, I can offer you a safe place to explore these issues.
020 3828 7146 View 020 3828 7146
Photo of Yigal Israel, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Yigal Israel
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified
Edgware HA8
Body Psychotherapy is a holistic form of psychotherapy which naturally incorporates the body within the psychotherapeutic process. Our life experiences are experienced in the mind, and also felt, sensed and held in our bodies. As in other forms of psychotherapy, we work together to understand and therapeutically work through the issues you face. Together, we explore your skills and talents that you can utilise and explore the ability and capacity to heal, develop self-awareness and open the way for new modes of being. The support, growth and transformation occur through the quality of the relationship we form together.
Body Psychotherapy is a holistic form of psychotherapy which naturally incorporates the body within the psychotherapeutic process. Our life experiences are experienced in the mind, and also felt, sensed and held in our bodies. As in other forms of psychotherapy, we work together to understand and therapeutically work through the issues you face. Together, we explore your skills and talents that you can utilise and explore the ability and capacity to heal, develop self-awareness and open the way for new modes of being. The support, growth and transformation occur through the quality of the relationship we form together.
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Photo of Carole Golten, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Carole Golten
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified
Edgware HA8
Hello. I've been working as a therapist for over 25 years and am based in Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7. I work with both couples and individuals. If you are struggling to cope with distressing emotions or circumstances, I can help by providing a private, safe place where together we can explore your difficulties and enable you to move towards positive change. Even if you have supportive family and friends, it can sometimes be hard to talk to them about very personal feelings.
Hello. I've been working as a therapist for over 25 years and am based in Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7. I work with both couples and individuals. If you are struggling to cope with distressing emotions or circumstances, I can help by providing a private, safe place where together we can explore your difficulties and enable you to move towards positive change. Even if you have supportive family and friends, it can sometimes be hard to talk to them about very personal feelings.
01923 932723 View 01923 932723
Photo of Dianne McCormick, Psychologist in Edgware, England
Dianne McCormick
Psychologist, MA, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Edgware HA8  (Online Only)
"Dianne helped my husband and I bridge seemingly impossible gaps in our understanding of each other and ability to communicate despite considerable differences. Dianne took us from a place where we encountered apparently unresolvable emotional blockages daily, from a place of frustration and chronic misunderstanding to a place where we were able to appreciate each other's feelings and show love to one another increasingly unreservedly. She was skilfully professional, without ever faltering in compassion or humanity. She has given us the tools we needed to succeed in our marriage and we are hugely grateful for her help. " Annon
"Dianne helped my husband and I bridge seemingly impossible gaps in our understanding of each other and ability to communicate despite considerable differences. Dianne took us from a place where we encountered apparently unresolvable emotional blockages daily, from a place of frustration and chronic misunderstanding to a place where we were able to appreciate each other's feelings and show love to one another increasingly unreservedly. She was skilfully professional, without ever faltering in compassion or humanity. She has given us the tools we needed to succeed in our marriage and we are hugely grateful for her help. " Annon
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Photo of Selina Mahmood, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Selina Mahmood
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified
Edgware HA8
Are you facing difficulties in life? Our experiences can make us pessimistic, assume the worst, be constantly worried about the past repeating itself and anxious about the future. Sometimes it can feel there’s no way out. It doesn’t have to be this way, you can change the way you think, in turn changing your outcomes, interactions, behaviours, and experiences. Well done for taking the first step to go to therapy, the next step is choosing the right therapist. I can help you explore your thoughts, where they stem from, work with you to build resiliency, healthy habits and help you achieve your therapy goals.
Are you facing difficulties in life? Our experiences can make us pessimistic, assume the worst, be constantly worried about the past repeating itself and anxious about the future. Sometimes it can feel there’s no way out. It doesn’t have to be this way, you can change the way you think, in turn changing your outcomes, interactions, behaviours, and experiences. Well done for taking the first step to go to therapy, the next step is choosing the right therapist. I can help you explore your thoughts, where they stem from, work with you to build resiliency, healthy habits and help you achieve your therapy goals.
020 8016 3790 View 020 8016 3790
Photo of Alison Play Therapy in Edgware, England
Alison Play Therapy
MA
Edgware HA8
My name is Alison and I have 13 years experience of working with vulnerable children and their families. I provide Play Therapy for children, which allows them to use toys and creative materials to safely play out and express, explore and make sense of their thoughts, feelings and painful life experiences and cope better with the future. I'm a registered member of the British Association of Play Therapy and DBS checked. I cover the areas of Hertfordshire, North London, and surrounding areas. Please view my website for more information and testimonials; www.alisonplaytherapy.com
My name is Alison and I have 13 years experience of working with vulnerable children and their families. I provide Play Therapy for children, which allows them to use toys and creative materials to safely play out and express, explore and make sense of their thoughts, feelings and painful life experiences and cope better with the future. I'm a registered member of the British Association of Play Therapy and DBS checked. I cover the areas of Hertfordshire, North London, and surrounding areas. Please view my website for more information and testimonials; www.alisonplaytherapy.com
020 4538 6745 View 020 4538 6745
Photo of Amy Lyons, Psychologist in Edgware, England
Amy Lyons
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Edgware HA8
Hi! I’m Amy. I’m a Chartered Clinical Psychologist. I was very lucky to really enjoy going to university to study psychology. I quickly knew it was the area I wanted to work in and so began my journey in training to be one, completing masters and doctorate degrees along the way! I’ve worked with lots of different people, including children and young people, older adults and people with intellectual disabilities, neurodevelopmental and neurological conditions. I have also worked with include both child and adult eating disorders, OCD, psychosis, stroke rehabilitation and people who have offended who are staying in hospital.
Hi! I’m Amy. I’m a Chartered Clinical Psychologist. I was very lucky to really enjoy going to university to study psychology. I quickly knew it was the area I wanted to work in and so began my journey in training to be one, completing masters and doctorate degrees along the way! I’ve worked with lots of different people, including children and young people, older adults and people with intellectual disabilities, neurodevelopmental and neurological conditions. I have also worked with include both child and adult eating disorders, OCD, psychosis, stroke rehabilitation and people who have offended who are staying in hospital.
020 3870 2957 View 020 3870 2957
Photo of Brent Carville Magee, Psychotherapist in Edgware, England
Brent Carville Magee
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Edgware HA8
I have lived & worked in London most of my life. I am an experienced & qualified psychotherapist/coaching psychologist mostly working with a mix of cognitive behavioural therapy CBT & Psychodynamic theory. I have seen countless clients improve with these techniques over the years. I work efficiently to reach goals quickly, valuing time, cultivating motivation, and improving clients' sense of control. Most importantly, my role is active and seeks to first establish what the problems are, focusing therapy around these issues, and targeting them directly. I find this far more effective than relying solely on talking and listening.
I have lived & worked in London most of my life. I am an experienced & qualified psychotherapist/coaching psychologist mostly working with a mix of cognitive behavioural therapy CBT & Psychodynamic theory. I have seen countless clients improve with these techniques over the years. I work efficiently to reach goals quickly, valuing time, cultivating motivation, and improving clients' sense of control. Most importantly, my role is active and seeks to first establish what the problems are, focusing therapy around these issues, and targeting them directly. I find this far more effective than relying solely on talking and listening.
020 3974 2479 View 020 3974 2479
Photo of Lucy Davies, Counsellor in Edgware, England
Lucy Davies
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Edgware HA8
Do you feel the need to be listened to without judgement? Do you need a safe place to talk through your thoughts and feelings? I work with all aspects of emotional well being and truly believe that a person has the potential for growth and change given the space, time and acceptance. In turn, finding your own answers and finding a way of moving towards an emotionally healthier way of living . I work with a wide range of issues including anger, anxiety disorders, depression, low self esteem, relationships, suicide, loss and bereavement and domestic abuse.
Do you feel the need to be listened to without judgement? Do you need a safe place to talk through your thoughts and feelings? I work with all aspects of emotional well being and truly believe that a person has the potential for growth and change given the space, time and acceptance. In turn, finding your own answers and finding a way of moving towards an emotionally healthier way of living . I work with a wide range of issues including anger, anxiety disorders, depression, low self esteem, relationships, suicide, loss and bereavement and domestic abuse.
01895 547557 View 01895 547557

See more therapy options for Edgware

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Edgware

40+

Average cost per session

£80

Counsellors in Edgware who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
85% Self Esteem
83% Relationship Issues
78% Bereavement
78% Stress
70% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Aviva
75% AXA PPP
69% Vitality

How Counsellors in Edgware see their clients

94% In Person and Online
6% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Edgware?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.