Counselling in Durham

Photo of Ruth-Anne Sammes, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Ruth-Anne Sammes
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Durham DH6  (Online Only)
Ruth-Anne Sammes is a therapist trained in psychodynamic psychotherapy who works one on one with adults online. She works in a collaborative way, viewing the client as the expert in their life, although acknowledges that often the things that bring us to therapy can leave us feeling lost, stuck, or hopeless, and anything but an expert. Ruth-Anne sees therapy as a process of both learning and unlearning.
Ruth-Anne Sammes is a therapist trained in psychodynamic psychotherapy who works one on one with adults online. She works in a collaborative way, viewing the client as the expert in their life, although acknowledges that often the things that bring us to therapy can leave us feeling lost, stuck, or hopeless, and anything but an expert. Ruth-Anne sees therapy as a process of both learning and unlearning.
01388 311159 View 01388 311159
Photo of Wendy Clochet, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Wendy Clochet
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Durham DH1  (Online Only)
I am a Chartered Holistic Counselling Psychologist with 11 years of experience working in services for common and complex mental health difficulties both in the NHS and in private practice. I take a very holistic mind body approach and I am therefore also a nutritional therapist in training. I am a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT), Accredited Cognitive Analytic Therapist (CAT), Accredited Mindfulness teacher, Accredited Substance Misuse worker and EMDR Therapist. I take an integrative approach to my work.
I am a Chartered Holistic Counselling Psychologist with 11 years of experience working in services for common and complex mental health difficulties both in the NHS and in private practice. I take a very holistic mind body approach and I am therefore also a nutritional therapist in training. I am a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT), Accredited Cognitive Analytic Therapist (CAT), Accredited Mindfulness teacher, Accredited Substance Misuse worker and EMDR Therapist. I take an integrative approach to my work.
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Photo of Leigh Brannon, MA, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Leigh Brannon
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Durham DH7
When relationships (business, family or personal) are troubled, we can feel anxious or depressed. Whether its lack of, ending of, difficulties with or changes in relationships, at work or home, our need for human closeness both brings pleasure and causes problems. Maybe change is driven by others, maybe you need something to change but don't know the best way to go about it. Perhaps you’re finding that you’re stuck in a destructive communication pattern and feel like you’re going round in circles. Maybe you don’t really know what you want, but would like to find out. I can help.
When relationships (business, family or personal) are troubled, we can feel anxious or depressed. Whether its lack of, ending of, difficulties with or changes in relationships, at work or home, our need for human closeness both brings pleasure and causes problems. Maybe change is driven by others, maybe you need something to change but don't know the best way to go about it. Perhaps you’re finding that you’re stuck in a destructive communication pattern and feel like you’re going round in circles. Maybe you don’t really know what you want, but would like to find out. I can help.
0191 743 0339 View 0191 743 0339
Photo of Hannah Barraclough, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Hannah Barraclough
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Durham DH1
If you’re a perfectionist who struggles with anxiety and workplace stress, we’ll be a great fit! I help people get unstuck from difficult emotions that hold them back when times are tough. Together, we’ll work on coping skills to manage and tolerate distress while regulating emotions to help you move forward and improve your quality of life. I strive to help my clients achieve deeper personal and emotional growth and create an authentic life. I’ll empower and encourage you to develop tools to manage the stress and anxiety of your day-to-day life. My purpose is to help you help yourself and live whole-heartedly in the life you want.
If you’re a perfectionist who struggles with anxiety and workplace stress, we’ll be a great fit! I help people get unstuck from difficult emotions that hold them back when times are tough. Together, we’ll work on coping skills to manage and tolerate distress while regulating emotions to help you move forward and improve your quality of life. I strive to help my clients achieve deeper personal and emotional growth and create an authentic life. I’ll empower and encourage you to develop tools to manage the stress and anxiety of your day-to-day life. My purpose is to help you help yourself and live whole-heartedly in the life you want.
0191 743 0453 View 0191 743 0453
Photo of Amy Robson, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Amy Robson
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Durham DH1  (Online Only)
It takes courage to be reflective about ourselves and consider the things that might be getting in our way. Finding the right therapist can be an overwhelming task. I’m Amy, a humanistic and integrative Psychotherapist. Whatever has brought you here, anxiety, depression, grief, trauma, relationship difficulties, changes to your identity or other stumbling blocks in life; our co-created relationship could be the catalyst for change you’re looking for.
It takes courage to be reflective about ourselves and consider the things that might be getting in our way. Finding the right therapist can be an overwhelming task. I’m Amy, a humanistic and integrative Psychotherapist. Whatever has brought you here, anxiety, depression, grief, trauma, relationship difficulties, changes to your identity or other stumbling blocks in life; our co-created relationship could be the catalyst for change you’re looking for.
01429 802918 View 01429 802918
Photo of Helen Graham, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Helen Graham
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Durham DH1
IN-PERSON sessions in DURHAM. I’m a highly qualified and experienced psychotherapist who works with a diverse range of people and the whole of their issues. I understand that everyone can go through difficult times and can benefit from support in handling these challenges. I can help by offering you a relaxed, safe and confidential therapeutic space to explore issues troubling you in a caring, accepting and non-judgemental way. People I have worked with tell me their therapeutic experience with me has increased their confidence, self-awareness, personal growth and they have gained a deeper sense of meaning, purpose and contentment.
IN-PERSON sessions in DURHAM. I’m a highly qualified and experienced psychotherapist who works with a diverse range of people and the whole of their issues. I understand that everyone can go through difficult times and can benefit from support in handling these challenges. I can help by offering you a relaxed, safe and confidential therapeutic space to explore issues troubling you in a caring, accepting and non-judgemental way. People I have worked with tell me their therapeutic experience with me has increased their confidence, self-awareness, personal growth and they have gained a deeper sense of meaning, purpose and contentment.
07933 709399 View 07933 709399
Photo of Papi Christina Taieb - What Works CBT & EMDr, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
What Works CBT & EMDr
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Durham DH7
Feeling stuck, struggling with depression, crippling anxiety, trauma history? You are not broken! Psychological suffering is part of our human condition. I am inviting you on a journey to recovery. Together we will make senses of your history, find and treat the roots of your mental health difficulties, to allow you to live a fulfilling life.
Feeling stuck, struggling with depression, crippling anxiety, trauma history? You are not broken! Psychological suffering is part of our human condition. I am inviting you on a journey to recovery. Together we will make senses of your history, find and treat the roots of your mental health difficulties, to allow you to live a fulfilling life.
0191 743 7926 View 0191 743 7926
Photo of Sarah Talbot-Landon - Tranquil Minds Psychological Services Uk, Psychologist
Tranquil Minds Psychological Services Uk
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Durham DH1  (Online Only)
I am passionate about aIl people, I am open, empathetic, compassionate & nonjudgmental. I’m a Highly Specialist Psychologist with 24 years experience in the Psychology field, including Clinical, Occupational, Coaching & Forensic Psychology, and have worked for the NHS & HMPS. I understand that people are more than their past experiences, I can help you make sense of your life, trauma, relationships and identity so you can free yourself from restraints you may feel bound by. It’s never too late to talk, to change how you see yourself or feel about others and to set a new path for yourself to achieve the things you always dreamed of.
I am passionate about aIl people, I am open, empathetic, compassionate & nonjudgmental. I’m a Highly Specialist Psychologist with 24 years experience in the Psychology field, including Clinical, Occupational, Coaching & Forensic Psychology, and have worked for the NHS & HMPS. I understand that people are more than their past experiences, I can help you make sense of your life, trauma, relationships and identity so you can free yourself from restraints you may feel bound by. It’s never too late to talk, to change how you see yourself or feel about others and to set a new path for yourself to achieve the things you always dreamed of.
0191 406 1837 View 0191 406 1837
Photo of Amanda Fox, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Amanda Fox
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Durham DH1
Hiya, I'm Amanda a therapist dedicated to empowering adults on their path to recovery from trauma. If you've landed here, you may have frequent anxiety, depression, complex emotions, or challenges in your relationships. Traumatic events and abusive relationships at any age can effect your identity and leave you feeling stuck in the past. If life feels like it keeps repeating the same cycles, it may be time for change.
Hiya, I'm Amanda a therapist dedicated to empowering adults on their path to recovery from trauma. If you've landed here, you may have frequent anxiety, depression, complex emotions, or challenges in your relationships. Traumatic events and abusive relationships at any age can effect your identity and leave you feeling stuck in the past. If life feels like it keeps repeating the same cycles, it may be time for change.
01388 311147 View 01388 311147
Photo of Faye Victoria Wood - Faye Wood - FVW Psychology, HCPC - Forensic Psych., Psychologist
Faye Wood - FVW Psychology
Psychologist, HCPC - Forensic Psych.
Verified Verified
Durham DH7
I am an HCPC registered Practitioner Psychologist and EMDR therapist offering one to one integrated EMDR therapy to adults. My belief is that the relationship between client and therapist is the most important part of therapy and I strive to build a connection based on trust, warmth, acceptance, and integrity. I have a naturally warm and empathic style which allows clients to feel comfortable and safe. My passion is helping people overcome the bad things that have happened to them in a compassionate, non-judgemental way.
I am an HCPC registered Practitioner Psychologist and EMDR therapist offering one to one integrated EMDR therapy to adults. My belief is that the relationship between client and therapist is the most important part of therapy and I strive to build a connection based on trust, warmth, acceptance, and integrity. I have a naturally warm and empathic style which allows clients to feel comfortable and safe. My passion is helping people overcome the bad things that have happened to them in a compassionate, non-judgemental way.
0191 743 2386 View 0191 743 2386
Photo of Jackie Walton, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Jackie Walton
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Durham DH1
Many people who seek counselling and psychotherapy are uncertain about how these services may be able to help them. I offer an initial free telephone consultation to find out more about you and the difficulties you are experiencing to help you decide whether I am the right person to help you. My therapeutic approach is to work collaboratively with you to help you reach a better understanding of the problems you are experiencing and to identify possible ways forward. I have a professional background in mental health nursing and social work with children and families. I currently work as a psychotherapist with adult clients only.
Many people who seek counselling and psychotherapy are uncertain about how these services may be able to help them. I offer an initial free telephone consultation to find out more about you and the difficulties you are experiencing to help you decide whether I am the right person to help you. My therapeutic approach is to work collaboratively with you to help you reach a better understanding of the problems you are experiencing and to identify possible ways forward. I have a professional background in mental health nursing and social work with children and families. I currently work as a psychotherapist with adult clients only.
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Photo of Dr Jaime Jonsson, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Jaime Jonsson
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Durham DH1  (Online Only)
Immediate Availability. Welcome and thank you for visiting the information about my online private practice. I am here to help you with whatever arises in your life, big or small, long term or short term. If you are feeling that you can´t manage, have trouble sleeping, worrying, life feels lonely or it is hard to get up on a morning, I am here to work with you towards a more fulfilling and happier life. I offer an online service which is flexible, compassionate, confidential and friendly.
Immediate Availability. Welcome and thank you for visiting the information about my online private practice. I am here to help you with whatever arises in your life, big or small, long term or short term. If you are feeling that you can´t manage, have trouble sleeping, worrying, life feels lonely or it is hard to get up on a morning, I am here to work with you towards a more fulfilling and happier life. I offer an online service which is flexible, compassionate, confidential and friendly.
0141 280 4672 View 0141 280 4672
Photo of Paul Lowe, MBACP, Counsellor
Paul Lowe
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Durham DH1
Working as a Humanistic Integrative Psychotherapeutic Counsellor and your guide; I am experienced in approaching each client individually, this includes drawing on CBT, Gestalt, Solution Focused, Creativity and Imagery techniques with which I am able to create a flexible and individually blended therapy plan.
Working as a Humanistic Integrative Psychotherapeutic Counsellor and your guide; I am experienced in approaching each client individually, this includes drawing on CBT, Gestalt, Solution Focused, Creativity and Imagery techniques with which I am able to create a flexible and individually blended therapy plan.
01388 439769 x075984 View 01388 439769 x075984
Photo of Dr Laura Taylor-Gray, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Laura Taylor-Gray
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Durham DH7
As a Highly Specialist Practitioner Psychologist, I have worked mainly with individuals who have suffered some kind of childhood trauma and I also offer assessments for ADHD & ASD. As a result I have found that individuals with personality issues, CPTSD, mood disorders and neurodiversity feel that I am the best fit for them. The types of clients who are drawn to me tend to have difficulties with rejection, abandonment, being judged and not accepted. I provide the space to counteract that, to develop self-empathy and self-compassion and to simply accept and learn to love who we truly are.
As a Highly Specialist Practitioner Psychologist, I have worked mainly with individuals who have suffered some kind of childhood trauma and I also offer assessments for ADHD & ASD. As a result I have found that individuals with personality issues, CPTSD, mood disorders and neurodiversity feel that I am the best fit for them. The types of clients who are drawn to me tend to have difficulties with rejection, abandonment, being judged and not accepted. I provide the space to counteract that, to develop self-empathy and self-compassion and to simply accept and learn to love who we truly are.
0191 743 9148 View 0191 743 9148
Photo of Julie Ann Taksh, MA, MBACP Snr. Accred, Psychotherapist
Julie Ann Taksh
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
Durham DH1  (Online Only)
Welcome to my profile. I am a compassionate and highly experienced Senior Accredited Counsellor, Clinical Supervisor, EMDR Consultant, Accredited Cognitive Behaviour Therapist (CBT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapist. In addition to my qualifications I have over 27 years’ experience, which has given me the diverse skills required to work with a wide range of psychological issues. I now specialise in working with adults and and teenagers. I have a particular interest in working with Trauma/PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Panic, OCD, Worry, Stress, Work Related Issues and Bereavement. I also offer Clinical Supervision to professionals.
Welcome to my profile. I am a compassionate and highly experienced Senior Accredited Counsellor, Clinical Supervisor, EMDR Consultant, Accredited Cognitive Behaviour Therapist (CBT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapist. In addition to my qualifications I have over 27 years’ experience, which has given me the diverse skills required to work with a wide range of psychological issues. I now specialise in working with adults and and teenagers. I have a particular interest in working with Trauma/PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Panic, OCD, Worry, Stress, Work Related Issues and Bereavement. I also offer Clinical Supervision to professionals.
0191 743 3563 View 0191 743 3563
Photo of Faye Fraser - Dr. Faye Fraser, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr. Faye Fraser
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Durham DH1
Faye is passionate about offering an approachable and professional clinical psychology service that aims to support those who find themselves in emotional distress. Faye can help you identify and achieve your goals for better mental health. This will involve gaining a better understanding of your difficulties, consider what is blocking you from moving forward and causing you to feel stuck, and consider ways to better manage the issue identified.
Faye is passionate about offering an approachable and professional clinical psychology service that aims to support those who find themselves in emotional distress. Faye can help you identify and achieve your goals for better mental health. This will involve gaining a better understanding of your difficulties, consider what is blocking you from moving forward and causing you to feel stuck, and consider ways to better manage the issue identified.
0191 917 4522 View 0191 917 4522
Photo of Chantelle Gray, PNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Chantelle Gray
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Durham DH1
Regardless of your reason for dropping by. Thank you for visiting my information page, it's really appreciated. If this is your first time visiting counselling directories. Choosing a counsellor can be a daunting process and no doubt your inner dialogue will be going into overdrive right about now. With thoughts like "Wow there are so many people where do I start?" As you scroll through your cheeky sabotage monkeys may be screaming OMG!!! This is just to overwhelming. Along with questions like "What does my problem come under?" Where do I fit?" "Maybe I don't fit at all?"
Regardless of your reason for dropping by. Thank you for visiting my information page, it's really appreciated. If this is your first time visiting counselling directories. Choosing a counsellor can be a daunting process and no doubt your inner dialogue will be going into overdrive right about now. With thoughts like "Wow there are so many people where do I start?" As you scroll through your cheeky sabotage monkeys may be screaming OMG!!! This is just to overwhelming. Along with questions like "What does my problem come under?" Where do I fit?" "Maybe I don't fit at all?"
07492 882353 View 07492 882353
Photo of Sharon Temple, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Sharon Temple
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Durham DH1
Waitlist for new clients
Hi im Sharon. I offer a warm non-judgemental space where you can explore and express what's troubling you. Sometimes you might become stuck and not really know why or how to change your situation. At other times you might be looking for someone to provide support because of something specific.
Hi im Sharon. I offer a warm non-judgemental space where you can explore and express what's troubling you. Sometimes you might become stuck and not really know why or how to change your situation. At other times you might be looking for someone to provide support because of something specific.
07722 938114 View 07722 938114
Photo of Craig Lee - Craig Lee - Eating Disorder Therapist , MSc, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Craig Lee - Eating Disorder Therapist
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Durham DH1
I offer online therapy specialising in eating disorders, body image difficulties, and related issues. I can help if thoughts about food rule your life, you’re sick of feeling out of control, or you feel like no matter how hard you try, you can’t seem to move forward/sustain change. I have personally recovered from an eating disorder and body dysmorphia so understand the importance of getting the right support to overcome your food issues, improve your body image, and live a rich, meaningful life. I can also help with other things that might be getting in the way such as anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD, stress, and grief.
I offer online therapy specialising in eating disorders, body image difficulties, and related issues. I can help if thoughts about food rule your life, you’re sick of feeling out of control, or you feel like no matter how hard you try, you can’t seem to move forward/sustain change. I have personally recovered from an eating disorder and body dysmorphia so understand the importance of getting the right support to overcome your food issues, improve your body image, and live a rich, meaningful life. I can also help with other things that might be getting in the way such as anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD, stress, and grief.
01325 523238 View 01325 523238
Photo of Luisa Williams - My Family Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Forensic Psych., Psychologist
My Family Psychologist
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Forensic Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Durham DH1
My work is to empower you to understand and manage your own and your family's psychological wellbeing. From initial confusion and hopelessness the end game is enlightenment and clarity. I rely on data, clear aims, objectives, and objective measurement.
My work is to empower you to understand and manage your own and your family's psychological wellbeing. From initial confusion and hopelessness the end game is enlightenment and clarity. I rely on data, clear aims, objectives, and objective measurement.
01670 338152 View 01670 338152
1

See more therapy options for Durham

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Durham

60+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in Durham who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
94% Self Esteem
87% Stress
82% Trauma and PTSD
79% Relationship Issues
75% Bereavement

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% AXA PPP
70% Aviva
60% Vitality

How Counsellors in Durham see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Durham?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.