Counselling in Crookham Village

Photo of Amanda New, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Amanda New
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crookham Village GU51
Are you feeling overwhelmed or struggling to cope with your emotions or difficult life events? I recognise how hard it can be to reach out and how daunting the prospect of counselling can be, particularly if you are not used to talking about your emotions. No matter what you are facing I will meet you with warmth, compassion and respect, offering you empathy, acceptance and a calm, comfortable space to explore difficult feelings and experiences. I aim to put you at ease, building a genuine rapport and supporting you so that you can understand yourself and your relationships more fully, and find the best way forward for you.
Are you feeling overwhelmed or struggling to cope with your emotions or difficult life events? I recognise how hard it can be to reach out and how daunting the prospect of counselling can be, particularly if you are not used to talking about your emotions. No matter what you are facing I will meet you with warmth, compassion and respect, offering you empathy, acceptance and a calm, comfortable space to explore difficult feelings and experiences. I aim to put you at ease, building a genuine rapport and supporting you so that you can understand yourself and your relationships more fully, and find the best way forward for you.
01677 930972 View 01677 930972
Photo of Sharon Evans, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Sharon Evans
Counsellor, ACC-AC
Verified Verified
Crookham Village GU52
I am qualified as an integrative counsellor and supervisor. Central to my counselling approach is building a warm, confidential and restorative relationship with each of my clients. As an integrative counsellor, I draw on a variety of counselling theories and approaches to suit each client's individual needs. An initial session of approx 30 mins (free of charge) can be arranged to discuss your requirements and how I can support you.
I am qualified as an integrative counsellor and supervisor. Central to my counselling approach is building a warm, confidential and restorative relationship with each of my clients. As an integrative counsellor, I draw on a variety of counselling theories and approaches to suit each client's individual needs. An initial session of approx 30 mins (free of charge) can be arranged to discuss your requirements and how I can support you.
01256 597012 View 01256 597012
Photo of Helen Anne Wells, Psychotherapist in Crookham Village, England
Helen Anne Wells
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Crookham Village GU52
I provide a confidential and non-judgemental space in which we can together explore the issues which have brought you to this point in your life journey, supporting and enabling you to develop greater self-awareness and consider the choices that are open to you.
I provide a confidential and non-judgemental space in which we can together explore the issues which have brought you to this point in your life journey, supporting and enabling you to develop greater self-awareness and consider the choices that are open to you.
01689 666686 View 01689 666686
Photo of Hannah Turner Mbacp Ukcp, Psychotherapist in Crookham Village, England
Hannah Turner Mbacp Ukcp
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crookham Village GU51
Typically clients who seek therapy with me are looking to address situations which cause difficulty in their lives. They are seeking support to change how they currently experience life, to experience living in the world differently. Perhaps you are feeling stuck, sad, angry, anxious, hopeless, scared, lonely, depressed, lacking self-esteem, loss of control, or worried and need support in finding new ways coping or to change your experience.
Typically clients who seek therapy with me are looking to address situations which cause difficulty in their lives. They are seeking support to change how they currently experience life, to experience living in the world differently. Perhaps you are feeling stuck, sad, angry, anxious, hopeless, scared, lonely, depressed, lacking self-esteem, loss of control, or worried and need support in finding new ways coping or to change your experience.
01689 664564 View 01689 664564

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Erik Abrams, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Erik Abrams
Counsellor, PhD, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I would ask that we have an initial consultation to discuss your issues and to see whether we mutually feel comfortable to work together. Please look at the website: erikabrams.co.uk for more information that I hope is helpful for you
I would ask that we have an initial consultation to discuss your issues and to see whether we mutually feel comfortable to work together. Please look at the website: erikabrams.co.uk for more information that I hope is helpful for you
01252 229981 View 01252 229981
Photo of Stuart Ralph, Psychotherapist in Crookham Village, England
Stuart Ralph
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
Waitlist for new clients
I work with clients from 4 years up to 25. I see a wide range of challenges including OCD, anxiety, depression, grief, school refusal, identity, mood, and peer problems. I have a special interest in OCD, having run a podcast for the last 7 years (5m downloads), and received the International OCD Foundation hero award in 2018. Childhood, adolescence and young adulthood can come with many challenges and difficulties, I offer a safe, empathic and compassionate approach to my clients, while providing evidence based solutions to their problems. I work in private practice, and as co-founder of The Integrative Centre for OCD Therapy.
I work with clients from 4 years up to 25. I see a wide range of challenges including OCD, anxiety, depression, grief, school refusal, identity, mood, and peer problems. I have a special interest in OCD, having run a podcast for the last 7 years (5m downloads), and received the International OCD Foundation hero award in 2018. Childhood, adolescence and young adulthood can come with many challenges and difficulties, I offer a safe, empathic and compassionate approach to my clients, while providing evidence based solutions to their problems. I work in private practice, and as co-founder of The Integrative Centre for OCD Therapy.
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Photo of Debbie Humphries, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Debbie Humphries
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
I can help you with issues that are difficult to talk about, including anxiety, depression, low self esteem, bereavement, trauma, sexual abuse, autism and ADHD. Some issues are more difficult to define. They can be more like: ‘Life feels really difficult’, ‘I wish I felt happier’, ‘I’ve been feeling really low’ or ‘I feel like I’m going mad’. I am genuinely interested to understand more about you and your unique experience. No problem is too trivial or too shocking. I will listen to what you want to achieve through counselling and support you to live your best life, whatever that may mean for you.
I can help you with issues that are difficult to talk about, including anxiety, depression, low self esteem, bereavement, trauma, sexual abuse, autism and ADHD. Some issues are more difficult to define. They can be more like: ‘Life feels really difficult’, ‘I wish I felt happier’, ‘I’ve been feeling really low’ or ‘I feel like I’m going mad’. I am genuinely interested to understand more about you and your unique experience. No problem is too trivial or too shocking. I will listen to what you want to achieve through counselling and support you to live your best life, whatever that may mean for you.
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Photo of Elizabeth (Known As Jayne) Jayne Cookson, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Elizabeth (Known As Jayne) Jayne Cookson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fleet GU51
I have over 15 years of experience of counselling and psychotherapy working with people with a wide variety of issues, such as relationship issues, anxiety, stress, loss and depression. My aim is to help you achieve what you need to feel happier in your life feeling listened to and understood. Repeating old patterns and ways may lead us to feel unhappy with ourselves and our lives. I will help you work through things that may be keeping you stuck and find new ways to move forward, helping you to be more the way you want to be.
I have over 15 years of experience of counselling and psychotherapy working with people with a wide variety of issues, such as relationship issues, anxiety, stress, loss and depression. My aim is to help you achieve what you need to feel happier in your life feeling listened to and understood. Repeating old patterns and ways may lead us to feel unhappy with ourselves and our lives. I will help you work through things that may be keeping you stuck and find new ways to move forward, helping you to be more the way you want to be.
07492 885653 View 07492 885653
Photo of Julie Forder, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Julie Forder
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU52
Hello and welcome to my profile. It can really take courage to recognise and admit there is something that needs 'dealing' with and then having the task of seeking out a counsellor. I understand that and as part of my counsellor training I had to go through a similar process, finding the right counsellor to complete my course. Who do you normally talk to? What depth do you go to when you talk? Sometimes we don't want to say what is really going on but with me you can. You can really talk to me and I want to be able help. I want to be the person you feel safe enough and trust to talk about whatever it is that concerns you.
Hello and welcome to my profile. It can really take courage to recognise and admit there is something that needs 'dealing' with and then having the task of seeking out a counsellor. I understand that and as part of my counsellor training I had to go through a similar process, finding the right counsellor to complete my course. Who do you normally talk to? What depth do you go to when you talk? Sometimes we don't want to say what is really going on but with me you can. You can really talk to me and I want to be able help. I want to be the person you feel safe enough and trust to talk about whatever it is that concerns you.
01252 282907 View 01252 282907
Photo of Nicky Barrie, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Nicky Barrie
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
Hi, I’m Nicky, I provide counselling for individuals aged 11 and above, on a short or long-term basis. Life often presents challenges that can leave us feeling overwhelmed or lost. This could be from the weight of anxiety, low self-esteem, self-harm, friendship issues, exam stress, relationship challenges with family and friends, and bereavement. I specialise in helping individuals navigate these storms, offering a path towards a better understanding of themselves, their feelings, and their unique struggles
Hi, I’m Nicky, I provide counselling for individuals aged 11 and above, on a short or long-term basis. Life often presents challenges that can leave us feeling overwhelmed or lost. This could be from the weight of anxiety, low self-esteem, self-harm, friendship issues, exam stress, relationship challenges with family and friends, and bereavement. I specialise in helping individuals navigate these storms, offering a path towards a better understanding of themselves, their feelings, and their unique struggles
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Photo of Bright Minds Therapy, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Bright Minds Therapy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
Hello, I’m Kate and welcome to my page. I am a qualified therapist with 9 years experience in counselling. I run a successful private practice from Farnborough, and my counselling room is a peaceful, confidential and safe space to express and explore what may be troubling you. By working together, you will enable growth, and a clear view for a brighter future. I work with individuals and couples and have the recognized qualifications to work in both areas of psychotherapy and counselling
Hello, I’m Kate and welcome to my page. I am a qualified therapist with 9 years experience in counselling. I run a successful private practice from Farnborough, and my counselling room is a peaceful, confidential and safe space to express and explore what may be troubling you. By working together, you will enable growth, and a clear view for a brighter future. I work with individuals and couples and have the recognized qualifications to work in both areas of psychotherapy and counselling
01252 942446 View 01252 942446
Photo of Helen Terry Counselling, BSc (Hons), MBACP Accred, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Helen Terry Counselling, BSc (Hons), MBACP Accred
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
Sometimes life can feel like a struggle. If you are having a difficult time, I'd like to help if I can. I offer a warm, professional and confidential space to help you talk about and work through whatever is troubling you. Whether it is anxiety, relationships, depression, bereavement, loss, stress, trauma, self-confidence or something else, I am here to listen and offer supportive, non-judgemental counselling.  I am a fully accredited (MBACP Accred) and experienced psychotherapeutic counsellor offering support to individual adults and young people aged 16 and above, through face to face, online and telephone counselling sessions.
Sometimes life can feel like a struggle. If you are having a difficult time, I'd like to help if I can. I offer a warm, professional and confidential space to help you talk about and work through whatever is troubling you. Whether it is anxiety, relationships, depression, bereavement, loss, stress, trauma, self-confidence or something else, I am here to listen and offer supportive, non-judgemental counselling.  I am a fully accredited (MBACP Accred) and experienced psychotherapeutic counsellor offering support to individual adults and young people aged 16 and above, through face to face, online and telephone counselling sessions.
01276 984307 View 01276 984307
Photo of Angela Robertson, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Angela Robertson
Counsellor, ACC-AC
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
I am an experienced counsellor, supporting clients through specific and multiple, complex issues. I am trained in most areas and techniques, including: CBT, psychodynamic, mindfulness, attachment, creative, Imago. I am integrative in my approach to meet the needs of the individual client.​ I focus on the client's journey, building awareness and the tools to manage life's situations. The client sets the pace and decides the content, and we explore thoughts, feelings and experiences. The aim is to release understanding, acceptance, and a greater self awareness, discovering answers and choice in a way forward. ​
I am an experienced counsellor, supporting clients through specific and multiple, complex issues. I am trained in most areas and techniques, including: CBT, psychodynamic, mindfulness, attachment, creative, Imago. I am integrative in my approach to meet the needs of the individual client.​ I focus on the client's journey, building awareness and the tools to manage life's situations. The client sets the pace and decides the content, and we explore thoughts, feelings and experiences. The aim is to release understanding, acceptance, and a greater self awareness, discovering answers and choice in a way forward. ​
01689 664434 View 01689 664434
Photo of Emma Irwin (Dip. Couns Mbacp) (Mncps Acc.), Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Emma Irwin (Dip. Couns Mbacp) (Mncps Acc.)
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fleet GU51
It can feel dauting looking for the right counsellor but I’m passionate about helping you achieve your end goal. I’ll listen to you with understanding and kindness – which can be hard to give to ourselves - in confidence; with no judgement. You can tell me as much – or as little – as you like at your pace. Together, we can work through whatever's troubling you and find the right resolution for you. Whatever you want, the relationship between us is key so I offer a FREE initial 15-minute telephone consultation. I provide affordable counselling; your mental health is important to me, so that your life can become more fulfilled.
It can feel dauting looking for the right counsellor but I’m passionate about helping you achieve your end goal. I’ll listen to you with understanding and kindness – which can be hard to give to ourselves - in confidence; with no judgement. You can tell me as much – or as little – as you like at your pace. Together, we can work through whatever's troubling you and find the right resolution for you. Whatever you want, the relationship between us is key so I offer a FREE initial 15-minute telephone consultation. I provide affordable counselling; your mental health is important to me, so that your life can become more fulfilled.
01252 412605 View 01252 412605
Photo of Naomi Page, Psychologist in Crookham Village, England
Naomi Page
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Farnborough GU14
I work with clients with a wide range of difficulties including anxiety, depression, mood swings, phobias, panic attacks, obsessive compulsive behaviour, difficulties in social situations, anger management issues, stress, bereavement, postnatal depression, relationship issues and family problems. Many of my clients come with a question about life - a feeling of stuckness, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust to life changes. I provide individual therapy in my private practice to support people with these difficulties.
I work with clients with a wide range of difficulties including anxiety, depression, mood swings, phobias, panic attacks, obsessive compulsive behaviour, difficulties in social situations, anger management issues, stress, bereavement, postnatal depression, relationship issues and family problems. Many of my clients come with a question about life - a feeling of stuckness, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust, lack of purpose, longing for things to be different or a struggle to adjust to life changes. I provide individual therapy in my private practice to support people with these difficulties.
01689 669411 View 01689 669411
Photo of Couples And Relationship Online Counselling Franka Zmugg, Psychotherapist in Crookham Village, England
Couples And Relationship Online Counselling Franka Zmugg
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crondall GU10  (Online Only)
Feeling disconnected from your partner? Is your communication off? Too many arguments? Relationship feels too hard to maintain? Can't trust your partner? Feeling alone within your relationship? Not on the same page (anymore)?
Feeling disconnected from your partner? Is your communication off? Too many arguments? Relationship feels too hard to maintain? Can't trust your partner? Feeling alone within your relationship? Not on the same page (anymore)?
01252 986029 View 01252 986029
Photo of Susanne Rosset, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Susanne Rosset
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
If you have arrived here, you’ve taken the first step to get yourself where you would like to be. I am a fully qualified counsellor working with young people (aged 11 to 18) and adults. I am passionate about providing a safe and non-judgmental space where people, regardless of age, sex, gender or background, can feel seen, heard and understood. I offer a warm, empathic and confidential environment for face to face, phone and online appointments. In our sessions you will have the opportunity to reflect and process what is going on for you and how this is affecting you. Remember your experience will be unique to you.
If you have arrived here, you’ve taken the first step to get yourself where you would like to be. I am a fully qualified counsellor working with young people (aged 11 to 18) and adults. I am passionate about providing a safe and non-judgmental space where people, regardless of age, sex, gender or background, can feel seen, heard and understood. I offer a warm, empathic and confidential environment for face to face, phone and online appointments. In our sessions you will have the opportunity to reflect and process what is going on for you and how this is affecting you. Remember your experience will be unique to you.
01689 664657 View 01689 664657
Photo of Andrew Byrne, Psychotherapist in Crookham Village, England
Andrew Byrne
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
I'm a qualified and experienced Integrative & Short-term dynamic psychotherapist and supervisor based in Farnborough & Online I work with a range of conditions, my specialist areas are anxiety, depression, attachment, trauma, addictions, anger, bereavement, personality disorders, chronic pain & CFS/ME. I'm offering to face to face appointments in Farnborough. I am also continuing to provide online appointments.
I'm a qualified and experienced Integrative & Short-term dynamic psychotherapist and supervisor based in Farnborough & Online I work with a range of conditions, my specialist areas are anxiety, depression, attachment, trauma, addictions, anger, bereavement, personality disorders, chronic pain & CFS/ME. I'm offering to face to face appointments in Farnborough. I am also continuing to provide online appointments.
01252 968052 View 01252 968052
Photo of Maria Fragkou, Psychotherapist in Crookham Village, England
Maria Fragkou
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51  (Online Only)
I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist, an EMDR Therapist, and a clinical supervisor. I offer CBT and EMDR, and I work collaboratively with my clients to identify how therapy can meet their needs and alleviate distress. I work with people with a variety of psychological difficulties, such as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, PTSD / C-PTSD, and loss. I work with people who experience distress in the perinatal period and I also offer parenting support. I also specialise in adapting CBT for Autism Spectrum Condition and ADHD. You can find more information about me on www.adapted-therapies.com
I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist, an EMDR Therapist, and a clinical supervisor. I offer CBT and EMDR, and I work collaboratively with my clients to identify how therapy can meet their needs and alleviate distress. I work with people with a variety of psychological difficulties, such as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, PTSD / C-PTSD, and loss. I work with people who experience distress in the perinatal period and I also offer parenting support. I also specialise in adapting CBT for Autism Spectrum Condition and ADHD. You can find more information about me on www.adapted-therapies.com
01689 664654 View 01689 664654
Photo of Hannah Mantle, Counsellor in Crookham Village, England
Hannah Mantle
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Fleet GU51
I guess you're wondering who I can help? Perhaps one of the following descriptions and scenarios fits you: your anxiety and stress levels are so high, you feel like exploding; your self esteem and confidence are so low they're dragging on the ground; you seem always to form the same rotten relationships, or the relationships you have with friends and family feel more like 'Apocalypse Now' than 'Happy days'. Or, perhaps, you have experienced a bereavement and you're struggling to adapt to the new life thrust upon you. If any of these desriptions or scenarios fit you, then I can offer you the support you need to make positive changes.
I guess you're wondering who I can help? Perhaps one of the following descriptions and scenarios fits you: your anxiety and stress levels are so high, you feel like exploding; your self esteem and confidence are so low they're dragging on the ground; you seem always to form the same rotten relationships, or the relationships you have with friends and family feel more like 'Apocalypse Now' than 'Happy days'. Or, perhaps, you have experienced a bereavement and you're struggling to adapt to the new life thrust upon you. If any of these desriptions or scenarios fit you, then I can offer you the support you need to make positive changes.
01252 942770 View 01252 942770

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Crookham Village

< 10

Counsellors in Crookham Village who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Bereavement
100% Self Esteem
100% Stress
75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
75% Anger Management

Average years in practice

5 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% Cigna and Evernorth
100% Aviva

How Counsellors in Crookham Village see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Crookham Village?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.