Counselling in Cowley

Photo of Lara Tucker Counselling, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Lara Tucker Counselling
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Cowley EX5
Feeling anxious/stressed, having panic attacks or nervous system feeling overwhelmed, feeling low or exhausted, have IBS or other physical symptoms, low self esteem/confidence and subsequently having problems with personal, family or work relationships? It doesn't matter who we are, what age or sex or what jobs/positions we have, we can all struggle. I draw from a range of experiences both personally and professionally, to help and support you to explore and gain an understanding of the struggles you are facing and to build some coping techniques and strategies to enable you to live a happier, calmer and more fulfilled life.
Feeling anxious/stressed, having panic attacks or nervous system feeling overwhelmed, feeling low or exhausted, have IBS or other physical symptoms, low self esteem/confidence and subsequently having problems with personal, family or work relationships? It doesn't matter who we are, what age or sex or what jobs/positions we have, we can all struggle. I draw from a range of experiences both personally and professionally, to help and support you to explore and gain an understanding of the struggles you are facing and to build some coping techniques and strategies to enable you to live a happier, calmer and more fulfilled life.
01392 573809 View 01392 573809
Photo of Katherine dayman, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Katherine dayman
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, BACP
Verified Verified
Cowley EX5
I am a down to earth, straight talking counsellor and supervisor, with many years experience working with bereavement, loss and trauma. I offer both short term, goal focussed work, as well as longer term therapy, depending on your needs. I have a keen interest in working with those who are neurodiverse, as well as supporting those who live with someone who is neurodiverse. As a supervisor, I will work collaboratively with you to explore all aspects of working as a practitioner to support your continuing, ongoing development.
I am a down to earth, straight talking counsellor and supervisor, with many years experience working with bereavement, loss and trauma. I offer both short term, goal focussed work, as well as longer term therapy, depending on your needs. I have a keen interest in working with those who are neurodiverse, as well as supporting those who live with someone who is neurodiverse. As a supervisor, I will work collaboratively with you to explore all aspects of working as a practitioner to support your continuing, ongoing development.
01392 321846 View 01392 321846
Photo of Ingrid Koehler, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Ingrid Koehler
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cowley EX5
Hello, thank you for looking at my page and for the courage to seek support for what is troubling you. Talking to a counsellor can help us relieve a burden, anxiety and worry. It can help us to make sense of things and join the dots so that we can discover, see and understand what we could not before and know ourselves better. When we have made mistakes in life or there has been pain and suffering for different reasons, counselling can help to see what we need to do, can help us feel what we’ve been holding on to and can bring clarity and relief.
Hello, thank you for looking at my page and for the courage to seek support for what is troubling you. Talking to a counsellor can help us relieve a burden, anxiety and worry. It can help us to make sense of things and join the dots so that we can discover, see and understand what we could not before and know ourselves better. When we have made mistakes in life or there has been pain and suffering for different reasons, counselling can help to see what we need to do, can help us feel what we’ve been holding on to and can bring clarity and relief.
01803 222192 View 01803 222192
Photo of Claire Eva Shepherd, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Claire Eva Shepherd
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cowley EX5  (Online Only)
I offer online help and support when you need it most, in a compassionate, non-judgmental and confidential sessions. I teach counselling several days a week so offer sessions on Monday, Tuesday, and Saturdays. Understanding that need varies, I offer 40mins - £30.00, 50mins - £35.00, and 2hr crisis therapy at £70.00 . If you have awful feelings that have taken all the joy out of life, maybe even stop you from thinking life is worth living, I'm asking you to give therapy a try because often, using small steps, given the right support, things can and do get better.
I offer online help and support when you need it most, in a compassionate, non-judgmental and confidential sessions. I teach counselling several days a week so offer sessions on Monday, Tuesday, and Saturdays. Understanding that need varies, I offer 40mins - £30.00, 50mins - £35.00, and 2hr crisis therapy at £70.00 . If you have awful feelings that have taken all the joy out of life, maybe even stop you from thinking life is worth living, I'm asking you to give therapy a try because often, using small steps, given the right support, things can and do get better.
01564 334793 View 01564 334793

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Bernadette Kavanagh, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Bernadette Kavanagh
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
I am an experienced registered counsellor. I offer a warm, calm, confidential and non judgmental space for clients to explore thoughts and feelings. I work with a range of issues with both males, females and couples. I also work at The Safe Foundation as Clinical Lead. I specialise with clients, both male and female who have been through domestic abuse and Trauma.
I am an experienced registered counsellor. I offer a warm, calm, confidential and non judgmental space for clients to explore thoughts and feelings. I work with a range of issues with both males, females and couples. I also work at The Safe Foundation as Clinical Lead. I specialise with clients, both male and female who have been through domestic abuse and Trauma.
01392 531580 View 01392 531580
Photo of Hannah Marie Galvin, Psychotherapist in Cowley, England
Hannah Marie Galvin
Psychotherapist, MA, ACP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX5
I'm a psychoanalytic psychotherapist trained to MA and Doctoral level respectively with adults and children and adolescents. I'm also a course tutor for a psychotherapy course at The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust. I have experience of working across the age range with a wide variety of mild to moderate, sometimes more severe presenting problems. Some people see me because they're very unhappy, distressed or worried, others come because they want to understand themselves better and they're curious about why they encounter the same patterns.
I'm a psychoanalytic psychotherapist trained to MA and Doctoral level respectively with adults and children and adolescents. I'm also a course tutor for a psychotherapy course at The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust. I have experience of working across the age range with a wide variety of mild to moderate, sometimes more severe presenting problems. Some people see me because they're very unhappy, distressed or worried, others come because they want to understand themselves better and they're curious about why they encounter the same patterns.
01392 321462 View 01392 321462
Photo of Saskia Layburn, Psychotherapist in Cowley, England
Saskia Layburn
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brampford Speke EX5
It's natural to feel a little bit hesitant or nervous when looking for someone to talk to. It's a big step.  If you're reading this, you've already made that step into looking into your options. That's something in itself.  When, or if, you feel that you are ready to contact someone. Know that I hold a safe space and a listening ear. My aim? To give you space to put out the fires and create more space for the process of change to begin.
It's natural to feel a little bit hesitant or nervous when looking for someone to talk to. It's a big step.  If you're reading this, you've already made that step into looking into your options. That's something in itself.  When, or if, you feel that you are ready to contact someone. Know that I hold a safe space and a listening ear. My aim? To give you space to put out the fires and create more space for the process of change to begin.
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Photo of Nadia Cooper, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Nadia Cooper
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX4
Whatever you are going through, you don't have to be alone. I can help you. I have created a safe, trusting, confidential space in the centre of Exeter where you can bring all of who you are and together we can sit and explore at your own pace, what is troubling you. I am a warm and welcoming person and have been told by clients that they find it easy to talk with me. I am genuinely interested in you and I will listen to what you have to say without judgement.
Whatever you are going through, you don't have to be alone. I can help you. I have created a safe, trusting, confidential space in the centre of Exeter where you can bring all of who you are and together we can sit and explore at your own pace, what is troubling you. I am a warm and welcoming person and have been told by clients that they find it easy to talk with me. I am genuinely interested in you and I will listen to what you have to say without judgement.
01392 321985 View 01392 321985
Photo of Lue Glover Wilson, Psychotherapist in Cowley, England
Lue Glover Wilson
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, SNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
Counselling can seem a challenge if you have never sought this kind of help before, but my aim at the outset is to provide the beginnings of a therapeutic relationship which can open the door to an exploration of experience of the past, as well as the present. The aim of therapy can be specific, or obscure, but together we will work towards an achievable goal. I work intuitively, but with firm boundaries which keep us both safe within a very special relationship. Therapy can be long term, or short term, but it is the client who decides what number of sessions is going to be most beneficial.
Counselling can seem a challenge if you have never sought this kind of help before, but my aim at the outset is to provide the beginnings of a therapeutic relationship which can open the door to an exploration of experience of the past, as well as the present. The aim of therapy can be specific, or obscure, but together we will work towards an achievable goal. I work intuitively, but with firm boundaries which keep us both safe within a very special relationship. Therapy can be long term, or short term, but it is the client who decides what number of sessions is going to be most beneficial.
01884 214067 View 01884 214067
Photo of Dr Guy Millon, Psychotherapist in Cowley, England
Dr Guy Millon
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
I offer psychoanalysis in central Exeter for people who are looking for a space to speak. Contemporary life poses particular challenges to us all; over the course of our lives we are subject to upheaval, loss and chaos. We might feel lost in anxiety and depression; powerless rage hardens us and makes us cynical, dissociation and denial diminish our connections with the world and our own aliveness. Entering into psychoanalysis marks an intention to change your life. Whatever your history, whatever wounds you carry, starting an analysis is an act of radical hope that life could be different.
I offer psychoanalysis in central Exeter for people who are looking for a space to speak. Contemporary life poses particular challenges to us all; over the course of our lives we are subject to upheaval, loss and chaos. We might feel lost in anxiety and depression; powerless rage hardens us and makes us cynical, dissociation and denial diminish our connections with the world and our own aliveness. Entering into psychoanalysis marks an intention to change your life. Whatever your history, whatever wounds you carry, starting an analysis is an act of radical hope that life could be different.
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Photo of Hannah Duncan, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Hannah Duncan
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Exeter EX5
Good therapy is about change: changing reactions, behaviours, a difficult aspect of self, challenging attitudes/beliefs about yourself or your story. I love working with clients who are prepared to jump in, take risks and seek solutions - this is the way to ensure real change. I will jump in and risk too. I value being human and involved in the therapy and am also practically minded and view the best wisdom as something that can directly be applied to life. A supervisee recently described me as "real, relational, ordinary, practical and not floaty/wispy". I like to incorporate psychoeducation and relevant theoretical information.
Good therapy is about change: changing reactions, behaviours, a difficult aspect of self, challenging attitudes/beliefs about yourself or your story. I love working with clients who are prepared to jump in, take risks and seek solutions - this is the way to ensure real change. I will jump in and risk too. I value being human and involved in the therapy and am also practically minded and view the best wisdom as something that can directly be applied to life. A supervisee recently described me as "real, relational, ordinary, practical and not floaty/wispy". I like to incorporate psychoeducation and relevant theoretical information.
07481 341671 View 07481 341671
Photo of Nikki Frankum, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Nikki Frankum
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
My name is Nikki, I am a qualified integrative counsellor registered with the NCS. I understand how difficult life can seem, and how stuck we can become. I am a compassionate, caring therapist who will not judge you. Whatever feelings or circumstances bring you to therapy, I offer you a calm, safe and non- judgmental space where I will encourage you to let go of unhelpful ways of being, that may be holding you back. As an integrative counsellor I will draw on different theoretical approaches choosing techniques to suit your individual needs.
My name is Nikki, I am a qualified integrative counsellor registered with the NCS. I understand how difficult life can seem, and how stuck we can become. I am a compassionate, caring therapist who will not judge you. Whatever feelings or circumstances bring you to therapy, I offer you a calm, safe and non- judgmental space where I will encourage you to let go of unhelpful ways of being, that may be holding you back. As an integrative counsellor I will draw on different theoretical approaches choosing techniques to suit your individual needs.
01392 321499 View 01392 321499
Photo of Heather Beveridge, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Heather Beveridge
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Exeter EX5
Is your life overwhelming? Is your mental health suffering?Do you feel that you need to offload and share whatever difficulties you may be facing? Are you are looking for a counsellor or psychotherapist that actively listens and understands? I am an experienced mental health practitioners and here to help. Sometimes children and young people get stuck and need a little help too. I also have a great deal of experience working with children and young people. When your child is struggling, trying to get help can feel an impossible task. I offer creative therapy without the stress of a long waiting list.
Is your life overwhelming? Is your mental health suffering?Do you feel that you need to offload and share whatever difficulties you may be facing? Are you are looking for a counsellor or psychotherapist that actively listens and understands? I am an experienced mental health practitioners and here to help. Sometimes children and young people get stuck and need a little help too. I also have a great deal of experience working with children and young people. When your child is struggling, trying to get help can feel an impossible task. I offer creative therapy without the stress of a long waiting list.
01392 321603 View 01392 321603
Photo of Lucy Skye, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Lucy Skye
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
I provide a calm, reassuring, non-judgemental space for you to explore your life and current concerns. You may be struggling with life events, mood patterns or health issues, or simply wanting to learn more about yourself. Therapy offers you place for you to bring whatever you are seeking to change or understand. Together we will resource you to adapt to physical and emotional shifts, increase your awareness of your needs, and to be more present and happy in your life. We will work together to find ease with, or solutions to, your challenges and enable you to thrive.
I provide a calm, reassuring, non-judgemental space for you to explore your life and current concerns. You may be struggling with life events, mood patterns or health issues, or simply wanting to learn more about yourself. Therapy offers you place for you to bring whatever you are seeking to change or understand. Together we will resource you to adapt to physical and emotional shifts, increase your awareness of your needs, and to be more present and happy in your life. We will work together to find ease with, or solutions to, your challenges and enable you to thrive.
0117 463 7304 View 0117 463 7304
Photo of Jane Meares, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Jane Meares
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX5
Do you put on a brave face but feel different on the inside? Perhaps you’re empty and numb, or overwhelmed by emotions? Are you finding it hard to cope day-to-day? I know how tough life can be at times and how lonely it feels when no one seems to understand. If you’re wondering when you’ll feel happy or hopeful again, or you’re worrying about the future and fearing the worst, or maybe you’re struggling with a big change and a sense of who you are; I’d like to help. Being able to talk freely to someone, without fear of judgement or shame, can be a huge relief.
Do you put on a brave face but feel different on the inside? Perhaps you’re empty and numb, or overwhelmed by emotions? Are you finding it hard to cope day-to-day? I know how tough life can be at times and how lonely it feels when no one seems to understand. If you’re wondering when you’ll feel happy or hopeful again, or you’re worrying about the future and fearing the worst, or maybe you’re struggling with a big change and a sense of who you are; I’d like to help. Being able to talk freely to someone, without fear of judgement or shame, can be a huge relief.
01392 321316 View 01392 321316
Photo of Stella Beever, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Stella Beever
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Bradninch EX5
Silence can be difficult... its good to talk. I welcome you in a non-judgmental, safe space to express your fears, worries, and stresses, to disclose issues which may leave you unsure which way to turn. I would like to help you gain some clarity, and work towards effecting change. In the aftermath of significant life-altering events or shocks, counselling can offer you a structured avenue to unravel the complexities of your personal situation. You may have never experienced being truly yourself and voicing aloud what is causing you confusion and pain. Talking issues through with me can be a first step.
Silence can be difficult... its good to talk. I welcome you in a non-judgmental, safe space to express your fears, worries, and stresses, to disclose issues which may leave you unsure which way to turn. I would like to help you gain some clarity, and work towards effecting change. In the aftermath of significant life-altering events or shocks, counselling can offer you a structured avenue to unravel the complexities of your personal situation. You may have never experienced being truly yourself and voicing aloud what is causing you confusion and pain. Talking issues through with me can be a first step.
01794 337442 View 01794 337442
Photo of Matt Ridley Counselling BA(Hons) MBACP (Accred), Counsellor in Cowley, England
Matt Ridley Counselling BA(Hons) MBACP (Accred)
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Exeter EX5
I work best with clients that are ready to make a commitment to change, and are ready to develop skills of self-reflection and compassion. Many of my clients have big questions about life and their place in it, as well as questions of who they are and what they want. Some clients don't really know what they want but know that something isn't quite right - that's ok too!
I work best with clients that are ready to make a commitment to change, and are ready to develop skills of self-reflection and compassion. Many of my clients have big questions about life and their place in it, as well as questions of who they are and what they want. Some clients don't really know what they want but know that something isn't quite right - that's ok too!
01392 321281 View 01392 321281
Photo of Inner World Counselling, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Inner World Counselling
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Exeter EX5
I offer therapeutic counselling to adult individuals struggling with mental health and wellbeing challenges such as Anxiety, Depression, Low Mood, Disordered Eating, Low Self-Worth, Body Image Anxiety, Feeling Lost, Identity Issues and Disconnected from sense of self and purpose. I see private therapy clients online and in person from my city centre Inner World Counselling office situated in Exeter, Devon.
I offer therapeutic counselling to adult individuals struggling with mental health and wellbeing challenges such as Anxiety, Depression, Low Mood, Disordered Eating, Low Self-Worth, Body Image Anxiety, Feeling Lost, Identity Issues and Disconnected from sense of self and purpose. I see private therapy clients online and in person from my city centre Inner World Counselling office situated in Exeter, Devon.
01392 321654 View 01392 321654
Photo of Rea Pearson, Psychotherapist in Cowley, England
Rea Pearson
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
Experienced & BACP Accredited, sex-positive Gender, Sexuality & Relationship Diversity (GSRD) therapist working with LGBTQIA+ people. Knowledgable about gender, sexuality, transitioning, polyamory, consensual & ethical non-monogamy (CNM/ENM), open relationships, kink, BDSM, D/s, fetishes, sexual Issues, sex workers, swinging, munches, and sex parties. All genders and sexualities welcome. I support people with opening up relationships, or who are into, or experimenting with, kinks or power play. I also see a lot of trans and non-binary clients. I am a fully qualified sex therapist so can help with most sexual issues.
Experienced & BACP Accredited, sex-positive Gender, Sexuality & Relationship Diversity (GSRD) therapist working with LGBTQIA+ people. Knowledgable about gender, sexuality, transitioning, polyamory, consensual & ethical non-monogamy (CNM/ENM), open relationships, kink, BDSM, D/s, fetishes, sexual Issues, sex workers, swinging, munches, and sex parties. All genders and sexualities welcome. I support people with opening up relationships, or who are into, or experimenting with, kinks or power play. I also see a lot of trans and non-binary clients. I am a fully qualified sex therapist so can help with most sexual issues.
01392 531579 View 01392 531579
Photo of Jo Daley, Counsellor in Cowley, England
Jo Daley
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Exeter EX1
With over ten years experience, I work with people to navigate a wide range of life issues, developing long lasting coping mechanisms for overcoming challenging times. I specialise in relationship issues, family conflict, domestic abuse, child sexual abuse and adult sexual abuse. I incorporate mindfulness, guided meditation, and inner child work to support the exploration, understanding and release of deep-rooted emotions and patterns. My practice is socially conscious, and I am experienced working within diversity.
With over ten years experience, I work with people to navigate a wide range of life issues, developing long lasting coping mechanisms for overcoming challenging times. I specialise in relationship issues, family conflict, domestic abuse, child sexual abuse and adult sexual abuse. I incorporate mindfulness, guided meditation, and inner child work to support the exploration, understanding and release of deep-rooted emotions and patterns. My practice is socially conscious, and I am experienced working within diversity.
01647 401643 View 01647 401643

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Cowley

< 10

Counsellors in Cowley who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Coping Skills
100% Sexual Abuse
100% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% AXA PPP
100% Bupa
100% Nuffield Health

How Counsellors in Cowley see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Cowley?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.