Counselling in Codicote

Photo of Dr Malgorzata Anna Bielawska, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Malgorzata Anna Bielawska
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Codicote SG4
If you are struggling with depression, anxiety, emotional or relationship difficulties, bereavement, trauma or any other mental health problem, then finding the right help is important. I have over ten years of experience working as a psychologist. I have been trained in a range of therapeutic interventions and am able to tailor treatment based on individual need. I specialize in working with people experiencing significant emotional issues and/or distress which can get in the way of pursuing their goals and living a valued and meaningful life.
If you are struggling with depression, anxiety, emotional or relationship difficulties, bereavement, trauma or any other mental health problem, then finding the right help is important. I have over ten years of experience working as a psychologist. I have been trained in a range of therapeutic interventions and am able to tailor treatment based on individual need. I specialize in working with people experiencing significant emotional issues and/or distress which can get in the way of pursuing their goals and living a valued and meaningful life.
01438 584528 View 01438 584528

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Verity Ann Lewis, MSc, MHGI, Psychotherapist
Verity Ann Lewis
Psychotherapist, MSc, MHGI
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG4
At some point in our life, many of us feel overwhelmed by life's challenges. These can either be events in our life or our inner struggles. At such times it can feel difficult to see solutions or recognise our choices, or feel confident to overcome our fears. Whatever changes you wish to make I can offer you an individually tailored approach, which will help you to identify your own unique goals and learn how to move forward to the future you wish for yourself.
At some point in our life, many of us feel overwhelmed by life's challenges. These can either be events in our life or our inner struggles. At such times it can feel difficult to see solutions or recognise our choices, or feel confident to overcome our fears. Whatever changes you wish to make I can offer you an individually tailored approach, which will help you to identify your own unique goals and learn how to move forward to the future you wish for yourself.
01462 558588 View 01462 558588
Photo of Dr Suman Prinjha, PhD, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Dr Suman Prinjha
Psychotherapist, PhD, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG4
I specialise in anxiety, depression, relationship issues, cultural issues, work-related stress, and living with illness. We all face times when we feel confused, stuck or unsure about what to do. During these difficult or uncertain times talking to someone who listens, yet has distance from the issue, can really help. Asking for support is not a sign of weakness. It takes courage to focus on ourselves so that we can find solutions, make changes, and move forwards. I offer compassionate, non-judgmental, confidential yet proactive therapy in a safe and supportive space. I work in the evenings and weekends.
I specialise in anxiety, depression, relationship issues, cultural issues, work-related stress, and living with illness. We all face times when we feel confused, stuck or unsure about what to do. During these difficult or uncertain times talking to someone who listens, yet has distance from the issue, can really help. Asking for support is not a sign of weakness. It takes courage to focus on ourselves so that we can find solutions, make changes, and move forwards. I offer compassionate, non-judgmental, confidential yet proactive therapy in a safe and supportive space. I work in the evenings and weekends.
01767 660654 View 01767 660654
Photo of Jo Gibson, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Jo Gibson
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG4
I am a post graduate qualified BACP registered Psychotherapist and Clinical Supervisor with fifteen years experience. I work using the internal Family Systems and Intimacy from the Inside Out models, with a Humanist and Somatic core training. I work with many different life challenges, and over the years have specialised in trauma, complex trauma, relational trauma and shame. Supporting you to process what has happened to you and move on from your past to live your life fully. I work face to face or online with individuals, couples and groups.
I am a post graduate qualified BACP registered Psychotherapist and Clinical Supervisor with fifteen years experience. I work using the internal Family Systems and Intimacy from the Inside Out models, with a Humanist and Somatic core training. I work with many different life challenges, and over the years have specialised in trauma, complex trauma, relational trauma and shame. Supporting you to process what has happened to you and move on from your past to live your life fully. I work face to face or online with individuals, couples and groups.
01438 300959 View 01438 300959
Photo of Karen Kennedy, MBACP, Counsellor
Karen Kennedy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG5
Life can be hectic, stressful, and at times you might find it overwhelming, possibly causing you anxiety and stress, and sometimes even leaving you feeling sad, down or simply "stuck". Perhaps your confidence and self esteem have taken a hit and you are struggling to see a way forward. I get that. If this resonates - you do not need to experience this alone - I can help. I work in a person-centred way with my clients, meaning I will work alongside you, offering you support and understanding as you navigate through your current issues and challenges.
Life can be hectic, stressful, and at times you might find it overwhelming, possibly causing you anxiety and stress, and sometimes even leaving you feeling sad, down or simply "stuck". Perhaps your confidence and self esteem have taken a hit and you are struggling to see a way forward. I get that. If this resonates - you do not need to experience this alone - I can help. I work in a person-centred way with my clients, meaning I will work alongside you, offering you support and understanding as you navigate through your current issues and challenges.
01462 411420 View 01462 411420
Photo of Daren Messenger, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Daren Messenger
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Stevenage SG1
How do you choose a therapist? Personal recommendations are invaluable and, also, your individual needs might be different. My endeavour is to facilitate your self awareness as well as your awareness of others and situations. Whichever modality of therapy you choose our work together gently directs your awareness to ‘what is happening but, also, to ‘how you are viewing and applying yourself’ when in difficulty. This can be radically different to many ‘non directive’ therapies and can involve real change quite quickly! Professional bodies: UKCP for psychotherapy and psychotherapeutic counselling BABCP for CBT
How do you choose a therapist? Personal recommendations are invaluable and, also, your individual needs might be different. My endeavour is to facilitate your self awareness as well as your awareness of others and situations. Whichever modality of therapy you choose our work together gently directs your awareness to ‘what is happening but, also, to ‘how you are viewing and applying yourself’ when in difficulty. This can be radically different to many ‘non directive’ therapies and can involve real change quite quickly! Professional bodies: UKCP for psychotherapy and psychotherapeutic counselling BABCP for CBT
07866 372021 View 07866 372021
Photo of Po Chan, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Po Chan
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG4
In an ideal world, everyone should have someone, they can talk to. But the world isn't ideal and talking to someone you know may be difficult, or even problematic. So I can help. There’s a Chinese proverb that I like - ‘reading ten thousand scrolls, rather walk ten thousand miles.’ When we search for answers, our first point is the internet or books but what we can’t grasp from written literature, is the life experiences of interactions and 'light bulb' moments. My journeys have covered more than ten thousand miles. I have encountered and experienced many difficulties myself and I want to help you to overcome yours and feel better.
In an ideal world, everyone should have someone, they can talk to. But the world isn't ideal and talking to someone you know may be difficult, or even problematic. So I can help. There’s a Chinese proverb that I like - ‘reading ten thousand scrolls, rather walk ten thousand miles.’ When we search for answers, our first point is the internet or books but what we can’t grasp from written literature, is the life experiences of interactions and 'light bulb' moments. My journeys have covered more than ten thousand miles. I have encountered and experienced many difficulties myself and I want to help you to overcome yours and feel better.
01234 608756 View 01234 608756
Photo of Holly Dorling, COSRT Accred, Psychotherapist
Holly Dorling
Psychotherapist, COSRT Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hitchin SG4
Hello, I'm Holly and I offer support for individuals and couples / multi-partnered people with issues relating to all things sex and relationships. I cover a range of topics, but my specialism sits with young adults (18-35), women's sexual health matters and relationship problems. This might include; dating concerns, low sexual desire, sexual anxiety, vaginismus, erectile problems, sexual health questions and living with STIs, low self-esteem/body image concerns. I also offer therapy for people needing support with recovering from affairs, improving communication or re-establishing intimacy in their relationship.
Hello, I'm Holly and I offer support for individuals and couples / multi-partnered people with issues relating to all things sex and relationships. I cover a range of topics, but my specialism sits with young adults (18-35), women's sexual health matters and relationship problems. This might include; dating concerns, low sexual desire, sexual anxiety, vaginismus, erectile problems, sexual health questions and living with STIs, low self-esteem/body image concerns. I also offer therapy for people needing support with recovering from affairs, improving communication or re-establishing intimacy in their relationship.
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Photo of Jacqui Carol, BACP, Counsellor
Jacqui Carol
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Stevenage SG4  (Online Only)
I am a Person-Centred Counsellor who provides a warm and welcoming space to nurture and develop my client’s own inner self and power. I believe throughout life we all face moments of great difficulties; however, we have hidden depths of strength that can be discovered and utilised when given a safe place to explore. Making the decision to seek support from a counsellor can feel daunting. I will work with you to meet your needs supporting you to feel safe in your personal journey. What can initially be perceived as difficult or frightening can actually inspire insight giving the opportunity to thrive, change and move forward.
I am a Person-Centred Counsellor who provides a warm and welcoming space to nurture and develop my client’s own inner self and power. I believe throughout life we all face moments of great difficulties; however, we have hidden depths of strength that can be discovered and utilised when given a safe place to explore. Making the decision to seek support from a counsellor can feel daunting. I will work with you to meet your needs supporting you to feel safe in your personal journey. What can initially be perceived as difficult or frightening can actually inspire insight giving the opportunity to thrive, change and move forward.
01438 907148 View 01438 907148
Photo of Vicky Betts - The Sadie Centre
The Sadie Centre
Verified Verified
Letchworth Garden City SG6
The Centre’s counselling service is large and diversified: our counsellors work with adults, children, teens, and couples. We also run a low-cost scheme designed for people in difficult financial circumstances, on a low wage, or in receipt of benefits. Our team can help with issues such as: abuse, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, bereavement, relationships, addiction, anger, eating disorders and self-harm.
The Centre’s counselling service is large and diversified: our counsellors work with adults, children, teens, and couples. We also run a low-cost scheme designed for people in difficult financial circumstances, on a low wage, or in receipt of benefits. Our team can help with issues such as: abuse, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, bereavement, relationships, addiction, anger, eating disorders and self-harm.
01462 411135 View 01462 411135
Photo of Su Youngs - Hitchin & Welwyn Psychotherapy Practice, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Hitchin & Welwyn Psychotherapy Practice
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hitchin SG5
Hello and welcome to my profile. I am a qualified and experienced Psychotherapist and Counsellor.  I work with a range of issues such as: anxiety and depression, trauma, self-harm, addiction, relationship and family issues, stress and self-esteem, sexuality and emotional issues, issues with self image.
Hello and welcome to my profile. I am a qualified and experienced Psychotherapist and Counsellor.  I work with a range of issues such as: anxiety and depression, trauma, self-harm, addiction, relationship and family issues, stress and self-esteem, sexuality and emotional issues, issues with self image.
01462 547045 View 01462 547045
Photo of Sarah Perkins, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Sarah Perkins
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Stevenage SG1
I am a CBT therapist with 25 years experience working in NHS and community settings supporting people who are struggling with emotional distress. My approach is person centred, collaborative and empathic. I specialize in treating depression and anxiety disorders such as worry, social anxiety and health anxiety. I am also qualified in narrative exposure therapy for treating trauma from multiple life events. CBT is an active and practical form of therapy, the focus is on learning strategies for managing distress and putting these into practice in your day to day life. I offer a safe and non judgemental space to talk and heal.
I am a CBT therapist with 25 years experience working in NHS and community settings supporting people who are struggling with emotional distress. My approach is person centred, collaborative and empathic. I specialize in treating depression and anxiety disorders such as worry, social anxiety and health anxiety. I am also qualified in narrative exposure therapy for treating trauma from multiple life events. CBT is an active and practical form of therapy, the focus is on learning strategies for managing distress and putting these into practice in your day to day life. I offer a safe and non judgemental space to talk and heal.
01480 270876 View 01480 270876
Photo of Jo Moloney - Bedford Community Counselling, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Bedford Community Counselling
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Stevenage SG1
At Bedford Community Counselling, we offer low cost counselling, clinical supervision to professionals & placements to student counsellors. Run by senior Psychotherapists & Directors, Katja Fischer & Jo Moloney, BCC is a not for profit organisation. Since first opening in 2012 we have developed a reputation for excellence. We provide a fast response to enquiries & have a team of therapists which means we can usually offer session times quickly. We are an experienced general practice, able to work with individuals, couples & groups on a wide variety of issues, and also offer specialist trauma and DIT relational therapies.
At Bedford Community Counselling, we offer low cost counselling, clinical supervision to professionals & placements to student counsellors. Run by senior Psychotherapists & Directors, Katja Fischer & Jo Moloney, BCC is a not for profit organisation. Since first opening in 2012 we have developed a reputation for excellence. We provide a fast response to enquiries & have a team of therapists which means we can usually offer session times quickly. We are an experienced general practice, able to work with individuals, couples & groups on a wide variety of issues, and also offer specialist trauma and DIT relational therapies.
01234 675721 View 01234 675721
Photo of Carrie Pollard, MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Carrie Pollard
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG5
Hello and welcome. I'm Carrie. I wonder why now feels the right time for you to start your therapy? Does life feel heavy? Or relationships feel difficult? Perhaps you are finding you are experiencing anxiety in your day to day life. Or experiences from your past feel so difficult. Whatever has prompted you to make your way here today, rest assured I provide a non judgemental, confidential and safe space to explore emotions, relationships and life experiences. We can think about your past and present, creating a feeling of safety and processing the pain.
Hello and welcome. I'm Carrie. I wonder why now feels the right time for you to start your therapy? Does life feel heavy? Or relationships feel difficult? Perhaps you are finding you are experiencing anxiety in your day to day life. Or experiences from your past feel so difficult. Whatever has prompted you to make your way here today, rest assured I provide a non judgemental, confidential and safe space to explore emotions, relationships and life experiences. We can think about your past and present, creating a feeling of safety and processing the pain.
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Photo of Dr Mohammadrasool Yadegarfard, PhD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Mohammadrasool Yadegarfard
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Stevenage SG1  (Online Only)
I am qualified to work with people with anxiety, bereavement and loss, depression; identity confusion and change; coming out; self-esteem and shame, trauma and post-traumatic stress and also survivors of sexual abuse. I work with both individuals and couples. I am experienced in working with young people and adults and with people in a range of relationship styles including monogamous, polyamorous and open relationships. I work with all members of LGBT+ and those who do not identify as such but are questioning or exploring this aspect of their sexuality, regardless of their sexual orientation.
I am qualified to work with people with anxiety, bereavement and loss, depression; identity confusion and change; coming out; self-esteem and shame, trauma and post-traumatic stress and also survivors of sexual abuse. I work with both individuals and couples. I am experienced in working with young people and adults and with people in a range of relationship styles including monogamous, polyamorous and open relationships. I work with all members of LGBT+ and those who do not identify as such but are questioning or exploring this aspect of their sexuality, regardless of their sexual orientation.
01582 349465 View 01582 349465
Photo of Dr Rai Turton, PhD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Rai Turton
Psychologist, PhD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stevenage SG1
If you are struggling with anxiety or difficult emotion or behaviour, or stress, or sleep then I can help. I have many years of experience working with these difficulties and have always had a special interest in stress tolerance and emotion. My aim is to support you to understand your difficulties, to find relief from your symptoms and also discover solutions that enable you to feel better and to live your life as you really want to. I can offer you over 35 years of experience in the NHS and private practice, and a well evidenced approach that has been shown to work. Please see my webpage for more information: www.ntpsychology.com
If you are struggling with anxiety or difficult emotion or behaviour, or stress, or sleep then I can help. I have many years of experience working with these difficulties and have always had a special interest in stress tolerance and emotion. My aim is to support you to understand your difficulties, to find relief from your symptoms and also discover solutions that enable you to feel better and to live your life as you really want to. I can offer you over 35 years of experience in the NHS and private practice, and a well evidenced approach that has been shown to work. Please see my webpage for more information: www.ntpsychology.com
01707 241105 View 01707 241105
Photo of Kirsty Ginger, DCounsPsych, BACP, Counsellor
Kirsty Ginger
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stevenage SG1
I am a qualified Person centred therapist and I work in the Oakscross area of Stevenage. I understand that counselling may feel daunting at first but I will provide you with a non-judgemental, compassionate, calm and understanding environment, so you can talk through any issues you have and together we can find solutions. I will facilitate an environment where you feel safe to open up to the issues you may be experiencing. Talking enables you to improve your relationship with self and others, increased self-knowledge, self-esteem and coping strategies, along with better communication and to feel happier with life again.
I am a qualified Person centred therapist and I work in the Oakscross area of Stevenage. I understand that counselling may feel daunting at first but I will provide you with a non-judgemental, compassionate, calm and understanding environment, so you can talk through any issues you have and together we can find solutions. I will facilitate an environment where you feel safe to open up to the issues you may be experiencing. Talking enables you to improve your relationship with self and others, increased self-knowledge, self-esteem and coping strategies, along with better communication and to feel happier with life again.
01438 584399 View 01438 584399
Photo of Faizah Malik, BACP, Counsellor
Faizah Malik
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Hitchin SG4  (Online Only)
My clients appreciate my holistic approach to mental health. Their goal is usually to find their authentic selves, to become more self aware and to thrive and find joy and purpose, not just survive and settle for a life that is not working for them. I offer therapy to everyone because we all want to be seen, heard and understood and that is often at the very heart of Healing.
My clients appreciate my holistic approach to mental health. Their goal is usually to find their authentic selves, to become more self aware and to thrive and find joy and purpose, not just survive and settle for a life that is not working for them. I offer therapy to everyone because we all want to be seen, heard and understood and that is often at the very heart of Healing.
01794 337506 View 01794 337506
Photo of Helen Margaret Springer, MBACP, Counsellor
Helen Margaret Springer
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Hitchin SG4
For over 35 years, I have worked with people who had personal or relationship problems. We have together worked through the issues to explore and understand the sources and reasons for their feelings and troubles. In a relaxed and supportive setting, I have helped them discover and agree the solutions that were right for them. I am here to help you find the best solution for your emotional concerns.
For over 35 years, I have worked with people who had personal or relationship problems. We have together worked through the issues to explore and understand the sources and reasons for their feelings and troubles. In a relaxed and supportive setting, I have helped them discover and agree the solutions that were right for them. I am here to help you find the best solution for your emotional concerns.
01462 418488 View 01462 418488
Photo of Jo Hooper, MBACP, Counsellor
Jo Hooper
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Stevenage SG1
Do you feel anxious all the time, and struggle even to face the day? Are you stressed out, desperate for a good night's sleep, or finding yourself lashing out at loved ones? Do you feel stuck, plagued with thoughts that you don't want? Perhaps you feel lost, wishing you could regain some confidence or purpose? I’m a skilled counsellor, and a warm and friendly person, and I believe that the compassion, kindness and hope I will bring to you, and the trusting relationship we'll form, are what will help you move towards a brighter, happier future for yourself.
Do you feel anxious all the time, and struggle even to face the day? Are you stressed out, desperate for a good night's sleep, or finding yourself lashing out at loved ones? Do you feel stuck, plagued with thoughts that you don't want? Perhaps you feel lost, wishing you could regain some confidence or purpose? I’m a skilled counsellor, and a warm and friendly person, and I believe that the compassion, kindness and hope I will bring to you, and the trusting relationship we'll form, are what will help you move towards a brighter, happier future for yourself.
01582 377913 View 01582 377913

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Codicote

< 10

Counsellors in Codicote who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Life Coaching
100% Parenting
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Psychosis

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aviva
100% AXA PPP
100% Bupa

How Counsellors in Codicote see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Codicote?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.