Autism Counselling in Cambridge

Photo of Richard Neil Papworth, MBACP, Counsellor
Richard Neil Papworth
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1  (Online Only)
I offer help with stress, depression, anxiety, and feelings of being angry, upset, stuck, or confused, and have a particular interest in making my practice autism-friendly.
Psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling has a distinct focus on events which have troubled us in the past, although we might not have awareness of them, and continue to trouble us in the present often through repeated patterns. There might not be any defined areas of concern for clients, and issues can be deep-seated; however, the therapeutic relationship aims to bring these aspects into consciousness in a manageable way so that they may be worked through safely. While psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling is often open-ended and can span several years, short courses of six months or less have also shown to be effective.
I offer help with stress, depression, anxiety, and feelings of being angry, upset, stuck, or confused, and have a particular interest in making my practice autism-friendly.
Psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling has a distinct focus on events which have troubled us in the past, although we might not have awareness of them, and continue to trouble us in the present often through repeated patterns. There might not be any defined areas of concern for clients, and issues can be deep-seated; however, the therapeutic relationship aims to bring these aspects into consciousness in a manageable way so that they may be worked through safely. While psychodynamic psychotherapeutic counselling is often open-ended and can span several years, short courses of six months or less have also shown to be effective.
023 8144 0269 View 023 8144 0269
Photo of Dr Sophie Oakes-Rogers, PhD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Sophie Oakes-Rogers
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
I am a compassionate, authentic clinical psychologist with a wealth of knowledge about all things mental health. I strive to create a safe space to nurture understanding, generate acceptance, and empower change through evidence based psychological services. I only offer therapy that has a strong evidence base and that which is recommended by NICE Guidelines. This means you have access to the best psychological interventions. I am qualified to assess and diagnose Autism and ADHD as part of a multidisciplinary team, and I can adapt psychological therapy for neurodiversity.
I am a compassionate, authentic clinical psychologist with a wealth of knowledge about all things mental health. I strive to create a safe space to nurture understanding, generate acceptance, and empower change through evidence based psychological services. I only offer therapy that has a strong evidence base and that which is recommended by NICE Guidelines. This means you have access to the best psychological interventions. I am qualified to assess and diagnose Autism and ADHD as part of a multidisciplinary team, and I can adapt psychological therapy for neurodiversity.
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Photo of Lisa Weston - Neuro Coral Psychology; Autism & ADHD specialists, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Neuro Coral Psychology; Autism & ADHD specialists
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
Hello! I'm Dr Lisa Weston, a Chartered Clinical Psychologist leading a small team of experienced clinicians. We offer Autism, ADHD, and Learning Disability diagnostic assessments and support sessions for children, young people and adults, in Cambridgeshire and beyond. We are skilled in assessing features of neurodivergence which are often missed, including in girls and women or those who may mask their differences. Having previously worked in an NHS diagnostic assessment service, I recognise how important it is for people to have a positive experience of their assessment and post diagnostic support.
Hello! I'm Dr Lisa Weston, a Chartered Clinical Psychologist leading a small team of experienced clinicians. We offer Autism, ADHD, and Learning Disability diagnostic assessments and support sessions for children, young people and adults, in Cambridgeshire and beyond. We are skilled in assessing features of neurodivergence which are often missed, including in girls and women or those who may mask their differences. Having previously worked in an NHS diagnostic assessment service, I recognise how important it is for people to have a positive experience of their assessment and post diagnostic support.
01480 772097 View 01480 772097
Photo of San Vtgotsky Wong, MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
San Vtgotsky Wong
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
Here are some of the most common problems I can help with: - ADHD - Autism - Specific Learning Difference (SPLD) - Speech disorder - Social disorder - Depression - Anxiety - Addictive - Relationship Difficulties - Grief and Trauma Management - Stress and Anger Management - Low Self Esteem - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Post Traumatic S.
I am San Vtgotsky Wong. I am a senior Psychotherapist and University Supervisor, working for children, youth and mental health for more than 19 years. I am very passionate about therapeutic interventions that vary from deep psychological interventions based on the client's history and memories, to an emphasis on the relationship between therapist and client, including their cultural context and systems. I am also very interested in using symbolic representations and meanings in the therapeutic setting to assist clients on their reflections and self-awareness. I have worked in a variety of settings including psychiatric h
Here are some of the most common problems I can help with: - ADHD - Autism - Specific Learning Difference (SPLD) - Speech disorder - Social disorder - Depression - Anxiety - Addictive - Relationship Difficulties - Grief and Trauma Management - Stress and Anger Management - Low Self Esteem - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Post Traumatic S.
I am San Vtgotsky Wong. I am a senior Psychotherapist and University Supervisor, working for children, youth and mental health for more than 19 years. I am very passionate about therapeutic interventions that vary from deep psychological interventions based on the client's history and memories, to an emphasis on the relationship between therapist and client, including their cultural context and systems. I am also very interested in using symbolic representations and meanings in the therapeutic setting to assist clients on their reflections and self-awareness. I have worked in a variety of settings including psychiatric h
020 8138 8672 View 020 8138 8672
Photo of Sharn Stewart, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Sharn Stewart
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB1  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Sharn and I am an integrative counsellor. I specialise in Trauma, Autism, ADHD, Anxiety and Depression, and working with College/University staff and students. We are all different and unique so I tailor my therapeutic approach to your individual need. I can appreciate how overwhelming and isolating life can feel sometimes, and how being our authentic and vulnerable self can feels risky and unsafe. Together, and at your pace, we can start to make sense of your experiences, your world, and how you relate with yourself and others; enabling you to move forward in life feeling liberated and empowered with authenticity.
Hello, my name is Sharn and I am an integrative counsellor. I specialise in Trauma, Autism, ADHD, Anxiety and Depression, and working with College/University staff and students. We are all different and unique so I tailor my therapeutic approach to your individual need. I can appreciate how overwhelming and isolating life can feel sometimes, and how being our authentic and vulnerable self can feels risky and unsafe. Together, and at your pace, we can start to make sense of your experiences, your world, and how you relate with yourself and others; enabling you to move forward in life feeling liberated and empowered with authenticity.
01823 212736 View 01823 212736
Photo of Dr Georgina Sergi, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Georgina Sergi
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB1  (Online Only)
Hi, I'm Gina, a London-based Senior Clinical Psychologist, registered with the HCPC and BPS. With over eight years of experience in the NHS, I specialize in complex mental health difficulties, anxiety disorders, and neurodiversity. My therapeutic style is integrative, meaning that I will tailor my approach to your needs using a variety of evidence-based approaches including CBT, CFT and ACT. I also offer Autism diagnostic assessments using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2) and the Autism Diagnostic Interview- Revised (ADI-R).
Hi, I'm Gina, a London-based Senior Clinical Psychologist, registered with the HCPC and BPS. With over eight years of experience in the NHS, I specialize in complex mental health difficulties, anxiety disorders, and neurodiversity. My therapeutic style is integrative, meaning that I will tailor my approach to your needs using a variety of evidence-based approaches including CBT, CFT and ACT. I also offer Autism diagnostic assessments using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2) and the Autism Diagnostic Interview- Revised (ADI-R).
020 3817 7717 View 020 3817 7717
Photo of Amanda Jayne Eade (Nee Goss) - MD of Harley St. Psychotherapy Ltd (Amanda Goss), MA, MBACP, Psychotherapist
MD of Harley St. Psychotherapy Ltd (Amanda Goss)
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
We can help with 1-1 Counselling; Relationship issues; Anxiety; Depression; Stress; Low Self Esteem; Social Anxiety; Loneliness; Child Therapy; Young Persons Counselling; Family Therapy; Walking Therapy; Addiction; Eating Disorders; Sexual Abuse; Bereavement; ADHD/Autism/Asp.
Are you anxious/depressed/stressed/unhappy? Maybe you know the issue and don't want to feel this way any more? Even if you don't exactly know what is wrong, we will work with you to find out the cause so that you can live a happier, more contented life. We aim to get to the root of the problem so that the change is permanent. If you haven't had counselling before, or feel nervous about it, please call me for an informal chat. Counselling can be (and often is) a life changing experience. We suggest a 1st session, by the end of which you will know if you want to carry on. If you are a couple we have a specialist. Feel free to call.
We can help with 1-1 Counselling; Relationship issues; Anxiety; Depression; Stress; Low Self Esteem; Social Anxiety; Loneliness; Child Therapy; Young Persons Counselling; Family Therapy; Walking Therapy; Addiction; Eating Disorders; Sexual Abuse; Bereavement; ADHD/Autism/Asp.
Are you anxious/depressed/stressed/unhappy? Maybe you know the issue and don't want to feel this way any more? Even if you don't exactly know what is wrong, we will work with you to find out the cause so that you can live a happier, more contented life. We aim to get to the root of the problem so that the change is permanent. If you haven't had counselling before, or feel nervous about it, please call me for an informal chat. Counselling can be (and often is) a life changing experience. We suggest a 1st session, by the end of which you will know if you want to carry on. If you are a couple we have a specialist. Feel free to call.
020 4538 3988 View 020 4538 3988
Photo of Claire Donna Gibson, MUKCP, Counsellor
Claire Donna Gibson
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB23
I have worked with children from age 4-17 with a range of presenting issues including trauma, domestic violence, anxiety, self-harm, depression and school refusal. I have worked with neurodiverse young people with ADHD and ASC, as well as young people who are questioning their gender or sexual orientation. I also continue to practise in a special school setting with young people exhibiting challenging behaviours and significant emotional and mental health needs. The purpose of the therapeutic process is to support the young person to feel safe enough to explore the challenges they have faced in life either verbally or creatively.
I have worked with children from age 4-17 with a range of presenting issues including trauma, domestic violence, anxiety, self-harm, depression and school refusal. I have worked with neurodiverse young people with ADHD and ASC, as well as young people who are questioning their gender or sexual orientation. I also continue to practise in a special school setting with young people exhibiting challenging behaviours and significant emotional and mental health needs. The purpose of the therapeutic process is to support the young person to feel safe enough to explore the challenges they have faced in life either verbally or creatively.
01223 658733 View 01223 658733
Photo of Josie Webster, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap., Psychotherapist
Josie Webster
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB4
I understand that everyone's story is different, and it's okay to need some help telling it. I am an MA-trained Dramatherapist, working with children and young people up to the age of 18. Using a carefully-planned blend of creative methods, traditional counselling and trauma-focussed interventions, each child/young person has the opportunity to express their inner thoughts and feelings in ways that feel most comfortable for them. I have a particular interest in supporting neurodivergent children to thrive, and working with trauma-focussed interventions. I can work online, or I can visit you in school by arrangement.
I understand that everyone's story is different, and it's okay to need some help telling it. I am an MA-trained Dramatherapist, working with children and young people up to the age of 18. Using a carefully-planned blend of creative methods, traditional counselling and trauma-focussed interventions, each child/young person has the opportunity to express their inner thoughts and feelings in ways that feel most comfortable for them. I have a particular interest in supporting neurodivergent children to thrive, and working with trauma-focussed interventions. I can work online, or I can visit you in school by arrangement.
01223 650434 View 01223 650434
Photo of Mary Kathleen O'Halloran-Millar - Mary Kathleen Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Mary Kathleen Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB3  (Online Only)
July 2024 availability: mornings, afternoons and evenings. I am a down to earth, qualified counsellor and I provide a calm, and warm approach to therapy. I am trained in the prominent therapeutic approaches; Person-centred, Cognitive behavioural, Psychodynamic and Attachment theory. I will take a holistic view, exploring your current emotions and thought processes, as well as considering developmental aspects, family, and cultural influences that may be important to your world.
July 2024 availability: mornings, afternoons and evenings. I am a down to earth, qualified counsellor and I provide a calm, and warm approach to therapy. I am trained in the prominent therapeutic approaches; Person-centred, Cognitive behavioural, Psychodynamic and Attachment theory. I will take a holistic view, exploring your current emotions and thought processes, as well as considering developmental aspects, family, and cultural influences that may be important to your world.
0121 387 0272 View 0121 387 0272
Photo of Chrissie Leigh - Leigh Counselling Services, MA, Counsellor
Leigh Counselling Services
Counsellor, MA
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB5
Are you struggling with difficult, painful emotions? Do you ever feel you're drowning in the pressures and stresses of everyday life? It happens to all of us at some point. Talking about your personal concerns can help to put them into perspective and find a way forward. Perhaps you're dealing with a family bereavement or a personal crisis? Maybe you're a parent struggling with the challenges of living with a teenager? Sharing your feelings with someone who's understanding and empathic can be life-changing, Seeking out solutions to what is testing you will give you the focus to deal with those difficulties and motivate you forward.
Are you struggling with difficult, painful emotions? Do you ever feel you're drowning in the pressures and stresses of everyday life? It happens to all of us at some point. Talking about your personal concerns can help to put them into perspective and find a way forward. Perhaps you're dealing with a family bereavement or a personal crisis? Maybe you're a parent struggling with the challenges of living with a teenager? Sharing your feelings with someone who's understanding and empathic can be life-changing, Seeking out solutions to what is testing you will give you the focus to deal with those difficulties and motivate you forward.
01493 801393 View 01493 801393
Photo of Kostis Tsoumpris, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Kostis Tsoumpris
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
Waitlist for new clients
When you contact me initially I will walk you through some of the options and if we decide to work together I will meet you (or you and your family/significant people in your life) ‘where you are’ in life. We may decide to focus on getting a better understanding of the ways that your early experiences have influenced the ways you perceive the world and relate to people around you. We may focus purely on the present and your goals for the future. Based on your circumstances we may decide to do some time limited or long term therapy.
When you contact me initially I will walk you through some of the options and if we decide to work together I will meet you (or you and your family/significant people in your life) ‘where you are’ in life. We may decide to focus on getting a better understanding of the ways that your early experiences have influenced the ways you perceive the world and relate to people around you. We may focus purely on the present and your goals for the future. Based on your circumstances we may decide to do some time limited or long term therapy.
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Photo of Debbie Watt, MSc, GMBPsS, Psychologist
Debbie Watt
Psychologist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB22
I’m a Coaching Psychologist and Accredited Master Coach with over 17 years of experience in supporting clients to navigate their way through challenges and change. My approach is to walk alongside you and tailor support to your changing needs on your journey to define and achieve your chosen outcomes -
I’m a Coaching Psychologist and Accredited Master Coach with over 17 years of experience in supporting clients to navigate their way through challenges and change. My approach is to walk alongside you and tailor support to your changing needs on your journey to define and achieve your chosen outcomes -
01223 650660 View 01223 650660
Photo of Kate Camps, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Kate Camps
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB24
You shouldn't have to struggle, life's challenges can be overwhelming and you may feel like you don't know where to start, or that things are going in circles. If you find that you have lost yourself a little, your brain feels clouded with worry or that there are psychological barriers to not being well, then therapy can help start you on your journey to wellbeing. I believe in people and will work with you at your pace, to ensure that you have the tools to navigate life’s complexities. I am personable and non-judgemental, I will work to build a trusting relationship with you to help you safely explore change.
You shouldn't have to struggle, life's challenges can be overwhelming and you may feel like you don't know where to start, or that things are going in circles. If you find that you have lost yourself a little, your brain feels clouded with worry or that there are psychological barriers to not being well, then therapy can help start you on your journey to wellbeing. I believe in people and will work with you at your pace, to ensure that you have the tools to navigate life’s complexities. I am personable and non-judgemental, I will work to build a trusting relationship with you to help you safely explore change.
01223 657975 View 01223 657975
Photo of Grace Hernandez, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Grace Hernandez
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB25  (Online Only)
I am a trained psychotherapeutic counsellor offering short-term and long term counselling via zoom. I create an environment that allows my clients the opportunity to reflect on events and situations that they have previously experienced, whether that is from their childhood or more recently or indeed currently facing. We will explore the impacts that these past or current circumstances are having on you and how you interact with the world around you in a safe setting. I offer sessions where this can be done with the hope that you may get to know and understand yourself better and why you are the way you are, unique.
I am a trained psychotherapeutic counsellor offering short-term and long term counselling via zoom. I create an environment that allows my clients the opportunity to reflect on events and situations that they have previously experienced, whether that is from their childhood or more recently or indeed currently facing. We will explore the impacts that these past or current circumstances are having on you and how you interact with the world around you in a safe setting. I offer sessions where this can be done with the hope that you may get to know and understand yourself better and why you are the way you are, unique.
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Photo of Luke Reynolds, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Luke Reynolds
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
I am a registered psychotherapist with a private practice in central Cambridge. Offering a space which is safe and non-judgemental. Where we can explore together what is happening with you and what in your life has left you feeling anxious, depressed, sad, angry, low in self-esteem, empty or distressed. Through working together we will try to understand how these feelings are manifesting in your life be it through addiction, social anxiety, or destructive relationships. And endeavour to bring you to a place where you feel comfort and understanding in and of yourself.
I am a registered psychotherapist with a private practice in central Cambridge. Offering a space which is safe and non-judgemental. Where we can explore together what is happening with you and what in your life has left you feeling anxious, depressed, sad, angry, low in self-esteem, empty or distressed. Through working together we will try to understand how these feelings are manifesting in your life be it through addiction, social anxiety, or destructive relationships. And endeavour to bring you to a place where you feel comfort and understanding in and of yourself.
020 3823 6631 View 020 3823 6631
Photo of Dr Kate Brierton, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Kate Brierton
Psychologist, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB24
Not accepting new clients
I am a Clinical Psychologist with a passion for compassion! I see clients both face to face and online. I read my first degree at Cambridge University, followed by a doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in London. Initially trained in CBT, I have since moved over to compassion focused therapy developed by Professor Paul Gilbert. I find it is useful for most clients, with a 90% success rate. With CFT, I can teach you how to balance your mind for the rest of your life.
I am a Clinical Psychologist with a passion for compassion! I see clients both face to face and online. I read my first degree at Cambridge University, followed by a doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in London. Initially trained in CBT, I have since moved over to compassion focused therapy developed by Professor Paul Gilbert. I find it is useful for most clients, with a 90% success rate. With CFT, I can teach you how to balance your mind for the rest of your life.
01223 653976 View 01223 653976
Photo of Catriona Ball, PhD, MBACP, Counsellor
Catriona Ball
Counsellor, PhD, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
Hello, I’m Catriona, a qualified counsellor offering therapy to people aged 18 and over. Counselling can be beneficial to a huge range of issues, both mental health related and life stresses. Asking for help can be difficult for lots of reasons, but it is not selfish to wish to understand yourself better and in doing so, to start to make sense of and put right the difficulties in your life. My preference is to work face to face as I feel it usually leads to a better relationship, but there may be people for whom this will not work. Please speak to me if you would like to work online or in a mixture of face to face and online.
Hello, I’m Catriona, a qualified counsellor offering therapy to people aged 18 and over. Counselling can be beneficial to a huge range of issues, both mental health related and life stresses. Asking for help can be difficult for lots of reasons, but it is not selfish to wish to understand yourself better and in doing so, to start to make sense of and put right the difficulties in your life. My preference is to work face to face as I feel it usually leads to a better relationship, but there may be people for whom this will not work. Please speak to me if you would like to work online or in a mixture of face to face and online.
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Photo of Richard George, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Richard George
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB2
Accessing psychotherapy for the first time can be a daunting experience. I provide a safe place for you to discuss your difficulties and express yourself without fear of being judged and where your privacy is assured. As an experienced psychotherapist who has worked in the NHS for 18 years, I have a wealth of clinical experience to draw on. I offer up-to-date, evidence based psychological therapies for a range of difficulties. Have a look through my website and if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to get in touch. I welcome clients from all cultural backgrounds, faiths, sexual identities and orientation.
Accessing psychotherapy for the first time can be a daunting experience. I provide a safe place for you to discuss your difficulties and express yourself without fear of being judged and where your privacy is assured. As an experienced psychotherapist who has worked in the NHS for 18 years, I have a wealth of clinical experience to draw on. I offer up-to-date, evidence based psychological therapies for a range of difficulties. Have a look through my website and if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to get in touch. I welcome clients from all cultural backgrounds, faiths, sexual identities and orientation.
01223 659381 View 01223 659381
Photo of Phoebe Thomas - Karuna Counselling - Phoebe Thomas, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Karuna Counselling - Phoebe Thomas
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB4  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Hi, I'm Phoebe, and there are many reasons that you might want to come and have counselling sessions with me. This could be something like stress due to work or ill health, you might be experiencing relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, identity issues, racial/cultural issues, addictions, trauma due to various reasons and many more. You may feel that it's time for you to talk to someone about whatever it is, whether to vent, process it, or try to find a solution. Whatever you are struggling with and whatever you want to get out of the therapeutic relationship, I am here to help.
Hi, I'm Phoebe, and there are many reasons that you might want to come and have counselling sessions with me. This could be something like stress due to work or ill health, you might be experiencing relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, identity issues, racial/cultural issues, addictions, trauma due to various reasons and many more. You may feel that it's time for you to talk to someone about whatever it is, whether to vent, process it, or try to find a solution. Whatever you are struggling with and whatever you want to get out of the therapeutic relationship, I am here to help.
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See more therapy options for Cambridge

Autism Counsellors

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.