Counselling in Cambridge

Photo of Amanda Head, MBACP, Counsellor
Amanda Head
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB5
Life can be difficult. Talking with a counsellor can help you draw perspectives, skills and strategies from within yourself and to find in yourself sources of empowerment you were not aware you had to meet life's challenges and grow. 'Counselling Changes Lives' (BACP). When you invite a counselling relationship into your life, you and your counsellor create together a very safe space, completely of your own, where you can explore in total confidence the distress and vulnerability that are leading you to seek out counselling now, at a level which you perhaps could not share or bring to even those who are closest to you.
Life can be difficult. Talking with a counsellor can help you draw perspectives, skills and strategies from within yourself and to find in yourself sources of empowerment you were not aware you had to meet life's challenges and grow. 'Counselling Changes Lives' (BACP). When you invite a counselling relationship into your life, you and your counsellor create together a very safe space, completely of your own, where you can explore in total confidence the distress and vulnerability that are leading you to seek out counselling now, at a level which you perhaps could not share or bring to even those who are closest to you.
01223 948956 View 01223 948956
Photo of Phoebe Thomas - Karuna Counselling - Phoebe Thomas, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Karuna Counselling - Phoebe Thomas
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB4  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Hi, I'm Phoebe, and there are many reasons that you might want to come and have counselling sessions with me. This could be something like stress due to work or ill health, you might be experiencing relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, identity issues, racial/cultural issues, addictions, trauma due to various reasons and many more. You may feel that it's time for you to talk to someone about whatever it is, whether to vent, process it, or try to find a solution. Whatever you are struggling with and whatever you want to get out of the therapeutic relationship, I am here to help.
Hi, I'm Phoebe, and there are many reasons that you might want to come and have counselling sessions with me. This could be something like stress due to work or ill health, you might be experiencing relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, identity issues, racial/cultural issues, addictions, trauma due to various reasons and many more. You may feel that it's time for you to talk to someone about whatever it is, whether to vent, process it, or try to find a solution. Whatever you are struggling with and whatever you want to get out of the therapeutic relationship, I am here to help.
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Photo of Anita Sommers, MA, MUKCP, Counsellor
Anita Sommers
Counsellor, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1  (Online Only)
I am a Systemic Psychotherapist with extensive experience working with individuals, couples and families in a variety of settings. I hold a Masters degree in Marriage and Family Therapy from Edgewood College (Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A) and am currently UKCP Registered. Before starting my private practice, I was employed for six years as a Specialist Clinician for Children’s Social Care by the Cambridgeshire County Council. Prior to this, I ran an outpatient program for individuals struggling with an eating disorder and their families. I work with individuals, couples and families,
I am a Systemic Psychotherapist with extensive experience working with individuals, couples and families in a variety of settings. I hold a Masters degree in Marriage and Family Therapy from Edgewood College (Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A) and am currently UKCP Registered. Before starting my private practice, I was employed for six years as a Specialist Clinician for Children’s Social Care by the Cambridgeshire County Council. Prior to this, I ran an outpatient program for individuals struggling with an eating disorder and their families. I work with individuals, couples and families,
01223 869504 View 01223 869504
Photo of Ambreen Rehman, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Ambreen Rehman
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB3
Sometimes it is difficult for us to understand and cope and the circumstances surrounding us do not allow us to explore . Sharing thoughts and feelings has been one of the most refreshing, relaxing techniques. A lot can be achieved if it is done in the company of a trustworthy, experienced, trained professional, who is willing to be a part of your world. You will be bringing and sharing yourself with me. I will listen, understand and walk along with you on your journey of finding your way through the paths you find difficult to walk on. I will help you build a comfortable environment for yourself, without being judgemental .
Sometimes it is difficult for us to understand and cope and the circumstances surrounding us do not allow us to explore . Sharing thoughts and feelings has been one of the most refreshing, relaxing techniques. A lot can be achieved if it is done in the company of a trustworthy, experienced, trained professional, who is willing to be a part of your world. You will be bringing and sharing yourself with me. I will listen, understand and walk along with you on your journey of finding your way through the paths you find difficult to walk on. I will help you build a comfortable environment for yourself, without being judgemental .
01223 657984 View 01223 657984
Photo of Guy Snape - Guy Snape Counselling, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Guy Snape Counselling
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB4
Feeling down? Stressed, anxious or depressed? I can help. We all have our "stuff" - pressure of work, relationship difficulties, painful memories or trauma, feelings of worthlessness, difficulty sleeping: modern life can feel overwhelming. Just like our physical health, everyone has times when their mental wellbeing is not at its best.
Feeling down? Stressed, anxious or depressed? I can help. We all have our "stuff" - pressure of work, relationship difficulties, painful memories or trauma, feelings of worthlessness, difficulty sleeping: modern life can feel overwhelming. Just like our physical health, everyone has times when their mental wellbeing is not at its best.
01223 981326 View 01223 981326
Photo of Anxiety Disorder And Low Self-Esteem Recovery - Amanda Morgan, MBACP, Counsellor
Anxiety Disorder And Low Self-Esteem Recovery - Amanda Morgan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1  (Online Only)
I specialise in supporting adults (18+) to recover from anxiety disorders, predominantly using CBT with ERP for OCD (e.g. panic disorder/panic attacks, agoraphobia, emetophobia and other phobias, social anxiety, generalised anxiety disorder, health anxiety, OCD, etc.), and low self-esteem and low mood/depression using recovery focused psychotherapy.
I specialise in supporting adults (18+) to recover from anxiety disorders, predominantly using CBT with ERP for OCD (e.g. panic disorder/panic attacks, agoraphobia, emetophobia and other phobias, social anxiety, generalised anxiety disorder, health anxiety, OCD, etc.), and low self-esteem and low mood/depression using recovery focused psychotherapy.
01223 734681 View 01223 734681
Photo of Anna Coen, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Anna Coen
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB5
You may be feeling overwhelmed, depressed or anxious. Life feels unmanageable.You may feel disconnected and want to improve or deepen your relationship with others. You may notice you are reacting to people and events in ways that surprise you. You would like to feel better, respond with more resilience and have the confidence to be yourself. Whether as a result of one time or repetitive trauma your mental, emotional and physical health has been affected. By becoming deeply aware of your body's responses and through understanding how your history impacts the present and you will feel more embodied and connected with who you are.
You may be feeling overwhelmed, depressed or anxious. Life feels unmanageable.You may feel disconnected and want to improve or deepen your relationship with others. You may notice you are reacting to people and events in ways that surprise you. You would like to feel better, respond with more resilience and have the confidence to be yourself. Whether as a result of one time or repetitive trauma your mental, emotional and physical health has been affected. By becoming deeply aware of your body's responses and through understanding how your history impacts the present and you will feel more embodied and connected with who you are.
01223 656797 View 01223 656797
Photo of Sharon Daniel, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Sharon Daniel
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
I have a wealth of experience in working with addictions and the Underlying issues connected with this. I developed a special interest in family systems and have done Additional training In this area. I work with integrity and respect and my commitments to personal development is key to my practice.
I have a wealth of experience in working with addictions and the Underlying issues connected with this. I developed a special interest in family systems and have done Additional training In this area. I work with integrity and respect and my commitments to personal development is key to my practice.
01223 679779 View 01223 679779
Photo of Melanie Ellis, MA, UKCP Trainee, Counsellor
Melanie Ellis
Counsellor, MA, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB5
Sometimes the meaning of life gets lost. We feel stuck. We go through challenging life events believing we have overcome them but uncomfortable feelings and difficult emotions remain in our bodies. We might experience symptoms of anxiety such as insomnia or aches, depression or PTSD. We profoundly suffer and we don’t know what to do to change this. As a consequence, at home, at work or in relationships, life feel like a struggle and isn't pleasurable anymore.
Sometimes the meaning of life gets lost. We feel stuck. We go through challenging life events believing we have overcome them but uncomfortable feelings and difficult emotions remain in our bodies. We might experience symptoms of anxiety such as insomnia or aches, depression or PTSD. We profoundly suffer and we don’t know what to do to change this. As a consequence, at home, at work or in relationships, life feel like a struggle and isn't pleasurable anymore.
01223 609863 View 01223 609863
Photo of Kathy Rose, MA, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Kathy Rose
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB4
I am an integrative Therapist with over 24 years of experience and an MA in Psychotherapy and counselling and am an accredited member of the BACP. I am passionate about the healing power of counselling, psychotherapy and the capacity of the human psyche to heal, develop and grow. This belief, coupled with my training and experience, underpins how I work with adults one-to-one. I can help with many areas of mental health and associated physical symptoms of: anxiety disorders, depression; underlying causes of emotional pain or distress. The process of counselling or psychotherapy can be life changing and enriching.
I am an integrative Therapist with over 24 years of experience and an MA in Psychotherapy and counselling and am an accredited member of the BACP. I am passionate about the healing power of counselling, psychotherapy and the capacity of the human psyche to heal, develop and grow. This belief, coupled with my training and experience, underpins how I work with adults one-to-one. I can help with many areas of mental health and associated physical symptoms of: anxiety disorders, depression; underlying causes of emotional pain or distress. The process of counselling or psychotherapy can be life changing and enriching.
01223 857031 View 01223 857031
Photo of Elspeth Campbell, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Elspeth Campbell
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB4
You may want to be happier because you find yourself struggling to get through the day as a result of troubling situations or overwhelming experiences and issues. Your will may be dampened by a difficult history of upbringing in your family or early social care environment. You may long to reconnect with yourself and others, personally and / or professionally and to rekindle your sense of self worth. You may wish follow your own pathway on the rocky road of life based on a deep sense of inner knowing, which will help you revive vitality for life.
You may want to be happier because you find yourself struggling to get through the day as a result of troubling situations or overwhelming experiences and issues. Your will may be dampened by a difficult history of upbringing in your family or early social care environment. You may long to reconnect with yourself and others, personally and / or professionally and to rekindle your sense of self worth. You may wish follow your own pathway on the rocky road of life based on a deep sense of inner knowing, which will help you revive vitality for life.
01223 972793 View 01223 972793
Photo of Catriona Ball, PhD, MBACP, Counsellor
Catriona Ball
Counsellor, PhD, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB1
Hello, I’m Catriona, a qualified counsellor offering therapy to people aged 18 and over. Counselling can be beneficial to a huge range of issues, both mental health related and life stresses. Asking for help can be difficult for lots of reasons, but it is not selfish to wish to understand yourself better and in doing so, to start to make sense of and put right the difficulties in your life. My preference is to work face to face as I feel it usually leads to a better relationship, but there may be people for whom this will not work. Please speak to me if you would like to work online or in a mixture of face to face and online.
Hello, I’m Catriona, a qualified counsellor offering therapy to people aged 18 and over. Counselling can be beneficial to a huge range of issues, both mental health related and life stresses. Asking for help can be difficult for lots of reasons, but it is not selfish to wish to understand yourself better and in doing so, to start to make sense of and put right the difficulties in your life. My preference is to work face to face as I feel it usually leads to a better relationship, but there may be people for whom this will not work. Please speak to me if you would like to work online or in a mixture of face to face and online.
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Photo of Deirdre MacGinley, MA, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Deirdre MacGinley
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB3  (Online Only)
Do you feel frightened that your world might fall apart if you look at your sexuality or gender? Maybe you have thoughts going round and round in your head, and feel like you’ve lost track of perspective. Maybe you: don't like sex/like sex 'too much' /wrong kind of sex? Your gender doesn't fit with other people's idea of you. You may feel you are betraying your family, children or culture by expressing yourself. You may believe that what’s inside you is too shocking, or wrong or too much for the people around you. You may feel like there’s no-one you can talk to, which can be very isolating.
Do you feel frightened that your world might fall apart if you look at your sexuality or gender? Maybe you have thoughts going round and round in your head, and feel like you’ve lost track of perspective. Maybe you: don't like sex/like sex 'too much' /wrong kind of sex? Your gender doesn't fit with other people's idea of you. You may feel you are betraying your family, children or culture by expressing yourself. You may believe that what’s inside you is too shocking, or wrong or too much for the people around you. You may feel like there’s no-one you can talk to, which can be very isolating.
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Photo of Helen Raynham - The ADHD Specialist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
The ADHD Specialist
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB23  (Online Only)
I’m a Chartered Counselling Psychologist and Psychotherapist. I am registered with the Health Care Professions Council (HCPC), the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP), and the British Psychological Society (BPS), where I am also an Associate Fellow. Having been diagnosed with ADHD as an adult myself, I specialise in working with individuals who have, or suspect they might have, ADHD. I also support families - helping parents understand and support their children with ADHD and aiding adults in comprehending and appreciating their partners' journeys.
I’m a Chartered Counselling Psychologist and Psychotherapist. I am registered with the Health Care Professions Council (HCPC), the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP), and the British Psychological Society (BPS), where I am also an Associate Fellow. Having been diagnosed with ADHD as an adult myself, I specialise in working with individuals who have, or suspect they might have, ADHD. I also support families - helping parents understand and support their children with ADHD and aiding adults in comprehending and appreciating their partners' journeys.
01954 774559 View 01954 774559
Photo of Kathy Mitchell, MSc, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Kathy Mitchell
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB21  (Online Only)
Every individual and every couple is unique and for most individuals a breakdown or rupture in their most significant relationship can feel devastating. Most often couples come to counselling in the hope that they can understand how the deterioration occurred, with a view to building a new and stronger connection. For some, this may be the last resort and for others it may be the gateway to separation. Whatever the reason, whatever the goal, it is important to know this process is never about blame.
Every individual and every couple is unique and for most individuals a breakdown or rupture in their most significant relationship can feel devastating. Most often couples come to counselling in the hope that they can understand how the deterioration occurred, with a view to building a new and stronger connection. For some, this may be the last resort and for others it may be the gateway to separation. Whatever the reason, whatever the goal, it is important to know this process is never about blame.
01223 658296 View 01223 658296
Photo of Kate Camps, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Kate Camps
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB24
You shouldn't have to struggle, life's challenges can be overwhelming and you may feel like you don't know where to start, or that things are going in circles. If you find that you have lost yourself a little, your brain feels clouded with worry or that there are psychological barriers to not being well, then therapy can help start you on your journey to wellbeing. I believe in people and will work with you at your pace, to ensure that you have the tools to navigate life’s complexities. I am personable and non-judgemental, I will work to build a trusting relationship with you to help you safely explore change.
You shouldn't have to struggle, life's challenges can be overwhelming and you may feel like you don't know where to start, or that things are going in circles. If you find that you have lost yourself a little, your brain feels clouded with worry or that there are psychological barriers to not being well, then therapy can help start you on your journey to wellbeing. I believe in people and will work with you at your pace, to ensure that you have the tools to navigate life’s complexities. I am personable and non-judgemental, I will work to build a trusting relationship with you to help you safely explore change.
01223 657975 View 01223 657975
Photo of Richard George, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Richard George
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB2
Accessing psychotherapy for the first time can be a daunting experience. I provide a safe place for you to discuss your difficulties and express yourself without fear of being judged and where your privacy is assured. As an experienced psychotherapist who has worked in the NHS for 18 years, I have a wealth of clinical experience to draw on. I offer up-to-date, evidence based psychological therapies for a range of difficulties. Have a look through my website and if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to get in touch. I welcome clients from all cultural backgrounds, faiths, sexual identities and orientation.
Accessing psychotherapy for the first time can be a daunting experience. I provide a safe place for you to discuss your difficulties and express yourself without fear of being judged and where your privacy is assured. As an experienced psychotherapist who has worked in the NHS for 18 years, I have a wealth of clinical experience to draw on. I offer up-to-date, evidence based psychological therapies for a range of difficulties. Have a look through my website and if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to get in touch. I welcome clients from all cultural backgrounds, faiths, sexual identities and orientation.
01223 659381 View 01223 659381
Photo of Mark Williams, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Mark Williams
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cambridge CB3
At times, we can all experience difficult thoughts and feelings or a sense of being “stuck”: counselling can help us work through these, develop a better relationship with ourselves and those around us, and gain clarity and insight into the issues that are causing us problems. I believe that we all possess the resources to work through our problems, but at times these can become hidden and feel out of reach. My aim is to help you identify what you need and re-connect with your own resources.
At times, we can all experience difficult thoughts and feelings or a sense of being “stuck”: counselling can help us work through these, develop a better relationship with ourselves and those around us, and gain clarity and insight into the issues that are causing us problems. I believe that we all possess the resources to work through our problems, but at times these can become hidden and feel out of reach. My aim is to help you identify what you need and re-connect with your own resources.
01223 679708 View 01223 679708
Photo of Gary Lee, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Gary Lee
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB22
If you are experiencing distressing symptoms in relation to ANY anxiety disorder - including phobias, PTSD, OCD and you want to make changes that liberate you so that you you can live the life that you would prefer then I can help. Sessions tend to last longer than the traditional hour (or in some cases 50 minutes) as I prefer to work without the time constraint and to give value for money.
If you are experiencing distressing symptoms in relation to ANY anxiety disorder - including phobias, PTSD, OCD and you want to make changes that liberate you so that you you can live the life that you would prefer then I can help. Sessions tend to last longer than the traditional hour (or in some cases 50 minutes) as I prefer to work without the time constraint and to give value for money.
01223 941662 View 01223 941662
Photo of Lizzie Felter, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Lizzie Felter
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Cambridge CB2
Waitlist for new clients
I am an HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist with 10 years' experience of working with adults in NHS secondary care mental health services, as well as working privately. I am experienced in delivering psychological therapy for a wide range of difficulties including depression, generalised anxiety, health anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, OCD, and PTSD and other long term consequences of trauma. I also offer therapy to people who do not have a mental health diagnosis but who would like help to understand, cope with, and change emotional difficulties they are experiencing.
I am an HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist with 10 years' experience of working with adults in NHS secondary care mental health services, as well as working privately. I am experienced in delivering psychological therapy for a wide range of difficulties including depression, generalised anxiety, health anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, OCD, and PTSD and other long term consequences of trauma. I also offer therapy to people who do not have a mental health diagnosis but who would like help to understand, cope with, and change emotional difficulties they are experiencing.
01223 972859 View 01223 972859
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See more therapy options for Cambridge

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Cambridge

300+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in Cambridge who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
83% Depression
82% Self Esteem
80% Stress
78% Relationship Issues
68% Trauma and PTSD
59% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

73% Aviva
65% AXA PPP
49% Vitality

How Counsellors in Cambridge see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Cambridge?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.