Counselling in Bristol

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Photo of Tom Holland-Pearse in Bristol, England
Tom Holland-Pearse
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Bristol BS2
Does you best simply never feel enough? Do you worry endlessly about what others think of you? Perhaps you spend days and weeks dwelling on mistakes you've made and your fear you'll always end up a failure? Depression and anxiety will do that to you but the important thing to remember is that these thoughts (however powerful) are just that - thoughts. Thoughts aren't facts and there's no reason you have to fall victim to them anymore.
Does you best simply never feel enough? Do you worry endlessly about what others think of you? Perhaps you spend days and weeks dwelling on mistakes you've made and your fear you'll always end up a failure? Depression and anxiety will do that to you but the important thing to remember is that these thoughts (however powerful) are just that - thoughts. Thoughts aren't facts and there's no reason you have to fall victim to them anymore.
0117 456 2438 View 0117 456 2438
Photo of Sapling CBT (cbt, emdr, btti for tics) in Bristol, England
Sapling CBT (cbt, emdr, btti for tics)
MSc
Verified Verified
Bristol BS3
Thank you for taking the time to view my profile. I am a specialist Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist. My professional background is Educational Psychology, trauma and attachment therapy with 18 years experience supporting families. I help people aged 8- 24 who have experienced trauma, anxiety, low mood tics and care experienced young people. We will work together to build a bespoke treatment plan, I believe we all have the potential for positive wellbeing, I will work with you to uncover what this means to you. Weekly clinic held in Bath and Bristol and online.
Thank you for taking the time to view my profile. I am a specialist Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist. My professional background is Educational Psychology, trauma and attachment therapy with 18 years experience supporting families. I help people aged 8- 24 who have experienced trauma, anxiety, low mood tics and care experienced young people. We will work together to build a bespoke treatment plan, I believe we all have the potential for positive wellbeing, I will work with you to uncover what this means to you. Weekly clinic held in Bath and Bristol and online.
0117 325 4798 View 0117 325 4798
Photo of Jimi D Katsis, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Jimi D Katsis
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS1  (Online Only)
Have you decided to change the feelings and behaviours that stop you from living a life you want to live? Have you had enough of living with the crushing effects of anxiety and depression, dragging around the weight of your past? Do you finally feel ready to tackle the intrusive thoughts and negativity that seem to have a life of their own, impacting every decision you try to make? Are you carrying the weight of family dysfunction and trauma and are prepared to commit to a programme that will help you change how you think, feel and react?
Have you decided to change the feelings and behaviours that stop you from living a life you want to live? Have you had enough of living with the crushing effects of anxiety and depression, dragging around the weight of your past? Do you finally feel ready to tackle the intrusive thoughts and negativity that seem to have a life of their own, impacting every decision you try to make? Are you carrying the weight of family dysfunction and trauma and are prepared to commit to a programme that will help you change how you think, feel and react?
0117 463 6831 View 0117 463 6831
Photo of Being With - Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Being With - Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Bristol BS1
Hi! My invitation is to come as you are. My approach to therapy is to offer a secure and safe space in which to be with what is happening in your life. I am training with the Karuna Institute in a mindfulness-based form of psychotherapy that draws from Buddhist and Western psychologies. Karuna means compassion. Working together with kindness, the aim is to better understand the roots of experience and how they may influence the present moment. Doing this with care and curiosity can enable a letting go of the old habits that hold us back. This process can open up new space in which to live with greater flexibility and freedom.
Hi! My invitation is to come as you are. My approach to therapy is to offer a secure and safe space in which to be with what is happening in your life. I am training with the Karuna Institute in a mindfulness-based form of psychotherapy that draws from Buddhist and Western psychologies. Karuna means compassion. Working together with kindness, the aim is to better understand the roots of experience and how they may influence the present moment. Doing this with care and curiosity can enable a letting go of the old habits that hold us back. This process can open up new space in which to live with greater flexibility and freedom.
0117 456 5608 View 0117 456 5608
Photo of Tracy Norman, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Tracy Norman
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS7
I work in private practice and in Secondary schools with many mental health issues such as anxiety, self-harm, low mood, gender dysphoria, self-esteem and confidence. In this difficult world, especially after lockdown, there are so many teenagers struggling emotionally and it is affecting confidence, friendships, family life and school. They want to understand how to understand and manage these emotions in order to be able to process them and move forward. I also work with SEND young people, struggling to understand themselves and why they may struggle emotionally.
I work in private practice and in Secondary schools with many mental health issues such as anxiety, self-harm, low mood, gender dysphoria, self-esteem and confidence. In this difficult world, especially after lockdown, there are so many teenagers struggling emotionally and it is affecting confidence, friendships, family life and school. They want to understand how to understand and manage these emotions in order to be able to process them and move forward. I also work with SEND young people, struggling to understand themselves and why they may struggle emotionally.
01275 402988 View 01275 402988
Photo of Tom Noble, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Tom Noble
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS8
Why counselling - There are times where the pressures of life can leave us feeling overwhelmed. For many of us how we feel within ourselves is crucial in day to day life. Wherever we may find ourselves the process of counselling can give us the ability to sculpt and create a vision of belonging that is both true to ourselves and allows us to flourish. What I provide is a non-judgemental, warm and genuine approach focused on person centred therapy. This approach ensures that the client is held throughout the process and feels comfortable exploring experiences both past and present in a safe environment.
Why counselling - There are times where the pressures of life can leave us feeling overwhelmed. For many of us how we feel within ourselves is crucial in day to day life. Wherever we may find ourselves the process of counselling can give us the ability to sculpt and create a vision of belonging that is both true to ourselves and allows us to flourish. What I provide is a non-judgemental, warm and genuine approach focused on person centred therapy. This approach ensures that the client is held throughout the process and feels comfortable exploring experiences both past and present in a safe environment.
01275 402961 View 01275 402961
Photo of Melissa Kent, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Melissa Kent
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bristol BS15  (Online Only)
I am here for you. I understand the busy demands of day-to-day life and know how challenging it can be to find space for self-care. My services are based on the premise, that you are the expert in knowing yourself; I’m simply here to guide you in the process. As a Psychological Wellbeing Practitioner, I am a qualified Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapist, trained in delivering Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) interventions working across all ages.
I am here for you. I understand the busy demands of day-to-day life and know how challenging it can be to find space for self-care. My services are based on the premise, that you are the expert in knowing yourself; I’m simply here to guide you in the process. As a Psychological Wellbeing Practitioner, I am a qualified Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapist, trained in delivering Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) interventions working across all ages.
0117 463 0199 View 0117 463 0199
Photo of EMDR, PSYCH-K, CBT, EFT, Bach flowers, Homeopathy , Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
EMDR, PSYCH-K, CBT, EFT, Bach flowers, Homeopathy
Psychotherapist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bristol BS5
I believe that we all have the potential to heal ourselves. Are you aware that you have a negative mental state at work or in relationships? Is it persistent, or do you feel stressed, anxious, depressed, worried, and have a low level of liveliness? I can support you to find pathways to overcome these limitations. I am a compassionate integrative psychotherapist. I offer EMDR- 2013, Psych-K!, Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy CBT, EFT, Mindfulness. Homeopathy (4 y), Bach flowers (BFP). I can help you to transform your life’s limitations arising from anxiety/ trauma, Personal, sleeping, relationships, work difficulties & others.
I believe that we all have the potential to heal ourselves. Are you aware that you have a negative mental state at work or in relationships? Is it persistent, or do you feel stressed, anxious, depressed, worried, and have a low level of liveliness? I can support you to find pathways to overcome these limitations. I am a compassionate integrative psychotherapist. I offer EMDR- 2013, Psych-K!, Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy CBT, EFT, Mindfulness. Homeopathy (4 y), Bach flowers (BFP). I can help you to transform your life’s limitations arising from anxiety/ trauma, Personal, sleeping, relationships, work difficulties & others.
0117 374 7699 View 0117 374 7699
Photo of Jayne Elisabeth Archer, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Jayne Elisabeth Archer
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS6
Hello! I'm Jayne. I'm a Counsellor who specialises in working with individuals to overcome stress, anxiety and burnout to re-create balance, meaning and purpose in their lives. Are you? Feeling stressed, stuck or overwhelmed in your career/life/relationships and feel like you have made choices that no longer fit who you are now. Childless/Childfree and feel misunderstood, judged or invisible. Self-critical, strives to please others and can't say no. Living with a chronic illness or maybe you are struggling with a loss of purpose/direction and feeling lonely, disillusioned or disconnected from the world. If so, then welcome aboard!
Hello! I'm Jayne. I'm a Counsellor who specialises in working with individuals to overcome stress, anxiety and burnout to re-create balance, meaning and purpose in their lives. Are you? Feeling stressed, stuck or overwhelmed in your career/life/relationships and feel like you have made choices that no longer fit who you are now. Childless/Childfree and feel misunderstood, judged or invisible. Self-critical, strives to please others and can't say no. Living with a chronic illness or maybe you are struggling with a loss of purpose/direction and feeling lonely, disillusioned or disconnected from the world. If so, then welcome aboard!
0117 463 0967 View 0117 463 0967
Photo of Lisa Bird, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Lisa Bird
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bristol BS13
Navigating life can sometimes be challenging, invoking painful emotions and ways of coping and adapting, which may cause further pain. I believe that counselling is a place to be heard, validated and emotionally held, providing you with a safe space to make sense of where you find yourself and discover new tools to make informed choices about the direction you want to take going forward. I offer a safe, warm and supportive environment in which we can explore these together, drawing from a range of therapeutic interventions.
Navigating life can sometimes be challenging, invoking painful emotions and ways of coping and adapting, which may cause further pain. I believe that counselling is a place to be heard, validated and emotionally held, providing you with a safe space to make sense of where you find yourself and discover new tools to make informed choices about the direction you want to take going forward. I offer a safe, warm and supportive environment in which we can explore these together, drawing from a range of therapeutic interventions.
0117 463 0072 View 0117 463 0072
Photo of Anxiety, Toxic Relationship, Binge Eating, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Anxiety, Toxic Relationship, Binge Eating
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Bristol BS4
My mission is to help you feel less stressed and more content. Confidential Counselling or Psychotherapy with me is about getting to the heart of things in a way that is hard to do with a relative or friend. Therapy with me is about getting to the heart of things in a way that is hard to do with a relative or friend. We will look at what causes your anxiety, difficult feelings, obsessive behaviours, or relational conflict. I will teach you easy and helpful methods to manage these, so you can have more control over your life.
My mission is to help you feel less stressed and more content. Confidential Counselling or Psychotherapy with me is about getting to the heart of things in a way that is hard to do with a relative or friend. Therapy with me is about getting to the heart of things in a way that is hard to do with a relative or friend. We will look at what causes your anxiety, difficult feelings, obsessive behaviours, or relational conflict. I will teach you easy and helpful methods to manage these, so you can have more control over your life.
0117 456 2134 View 0117 456 2134
Photo of Michelle Kearney, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Michelle Kearney
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS5  (Online Only)
I am a relational integrative therapist which means that I have been trained in a range of techniques such as Psychodynamic, Person-centred, Gestalt, CBT and Mindfulness. This means that I can work with people in a way that suits them and their current situation. I don't believe that people need fixing but instead that when provided with a non-judgemental environment and someone who can sit with difficult emotions, people can get to where they want to be and work through times of feeling stuck.
I am a relational integrative therapist which means that I have been trained in a range of techniques such as Psychodynamic, Person-centred, Gestalt, CBT and Mindfulness. This means that I can work with people in a way that suits them and their current situation. I don't believe that people need fixing but instead that when provided with a non-judgemental environment and someone who can sit with difficult emotions, people can get to where they want to be and work through times of feeling stuck.
0117 463 4720 View 0117 463 4720
Photo of Charlene Thomson, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Charlene Thomson
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS2  (Online Only)
We can all find life overwhelming at times - whether we're struggling with life circumstances or events, experiencing relationship problems, emotional difficulties or just feeling stuck. I provide a safe, non-judgmental space where you can feel comfortable to share and explore any difficulties you may be experiencing. The therapy I offer is tailored to the specific areas you are seeking support with and I focus on developing our therapeutic relationship to support you to gain the most from therapy.
We can all find life overwhelming at times - whether we're struggling with life circumstances or events, experiencing relationship problems, emotional difficulties or just feeling stuck. I provide a safe, non-judgmental space where you can feel comfortable to share and explore any difficulties you may be experiencing. The therapy I offer is tailored to the specific areas you are seeking support with and I focus on developing our therapeutic relationship to support you to gain the most from therapy.
029 2271 2587 View 029 2271 2587
Photo of Georgie Hobbs, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Georgie Hobbs
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS1
I am available for you on Wednesdays and Fridays in Bath; Tuesday and Thursday afternoons in Bristol. I can help you set clear boundaries, manage anxiety and depression, accept what might need to be accepted, grieve for what has been lost and share in the joy and freedom that we might yet find. Together we can explore whatever’s going on right now and perhaps find out how the past might be interrupting your present.
I am available for you on Wednesdays and Fridays in Bath; Tuesday and Thursday afternoons in Bristol. I can help you set clear boundaries, manage anxiety and depression, accept what might need to be accepted, grieve for what has been lost and share in the joy and freedom that we might yet find. Together we can explore whatever’s going on right now and perhaps find out how the past might be interrupting your present.
01225 434956 View 01225 434956
Photo of Claire Nunan, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Claire Nunan
Counsellor, MSc, SNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Bristol BS1  (Online Only)
I’m Claire. I am a Senior Accredited Counsellor providing safe and supportive online counselling sessions. I work with a wide range of people but I specialise in working with individuals from the LGBTQ+ and GSRD community, those who are neurodivergent (or think they might be) as well as Millennials and Gen Z-ers.
I’m Claire. I am a Senior Accredited Counsellor providing safe and supportive online counselling sessions. I work with a wide range of people but I specialise in working with individuals from the LGBTQ+ and GSRD community, those who are neurodivergent (or think they might be) as well as Millennials and Gen Z-ers.
0117 463 4729 View 0117 463 4729
Photo of Dr Gerrie Holloway, Psychologist in Bristol, England
Dr Gerrie Holloway
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Bristol BS8
I am a Consultant Clinical Psychologist with over 30 years of experience working with adults in both NHS and private practice settings. Crises are often important moments in our lives that signify the need to make changes. These times can indicate that old ways of coping or patterns in relationships and behaviour are now no longer working. I offer a non-judgemental reflective space in which to support individuals to increase understanding and insight into their difficulties and to identify the changes they wish to make. I have been trained in a number of therapeutic modalities which I integrate and tailor to each individual.
I am a Consultant Clinical Psychologist with over 30 years of experience working with adults in both NHS and private practice settings. Crises are often important moments in our lives that signify the need to make changes. These times can indicate that old ways of coping or patterns in relationships and behaviour are now no longer working. I offer a non-judgemental reflective space in which to support individuals to increase understanding and insight into their difficulties and to identify the changes they wish to make. I have been trained in a number of therapeutic modalities which I integrate and tailor to each individual.
0117 463 3358 View 0117 463 3358
Photo of Dayana Eastwood, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Dayana Eastwood
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS7
Not accepting new clients
If there's something you want to understand better or change, I can help you move from feeling confused, stuck or overwhelmed to a place where things make sense, there’s a way forward, and you feel in charge of your life. Feeling stressed, burnt out, anxious or depressed are some of the most common reasons people seek therapy, but there may be many reasons; some challenges feel hard to pin down or are a quiet, niggling sense that builds up over time. Or perhaps you have experienced a major life change or event and feel you need some support as you find a new way through.
If there's something you want to understand better or change, I can help you move from feeling confused, stuck or overwhelmed to a place where things make sense, there’s a way forward, and you feel in charge of your life. Feeling stressed, burnt out, anxious or depressed are some of the most common reasons people seek therapy, but there may be many reasons; some challenges feel hard to pin down or are a quiet, niggling sense that builds up over time. Or perhaps you have experienced a major life change or event and feel you need some support as you find a new way through.
0117 463 8388 View 0117 463 8388
Photo of KR Ltd Supervision & Consultancy, Counsellor in Bristol, England
KR Ltd Supervision & Consultancy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS16
Are you a counsellor looking for supervision within the Bristol area but also want something that is affordable? My name is Kerry I am a qualified integrative counsellor and supervisor. I am the founder of a well established and recognised counselling company in Bristol, where I manage and support a team of up to 30 student and qualified counsellors. My ethos has always been to provide support to others that is affordable and easy to access and this is exactly what I hope to provide as a supervisor to. I am able to work both online/telephone and in person.
Are you a counsellor looking for supervision within the Bristol area but also want something that is affordable? My name is Kerry I am a qualified integrative counsellor and supervisor. I am the founder of a well established and recognised counselling company in Bristol, where I manage and support a team of up to 30 student and qualified counsellors. My ethos has always been to provide support to others that is affordable and easy to access and this is exactly what I hope to provide as a supervisor to. I am able to work both online/telephone and in person.
0117 456 5065 View 0117 456 5065
Photo of Daniel Fryer, Counsellor in Bristol, England
Daniel Fryer
Counsellor, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bristol BS1
Hello there, I'm a mental health and wellbeing consultant and have been in practicefor nearly 20 years now. I've worked in a variety of settings, including private practice (in both London and Bristol), the NHS, occupational health, private healthcare and The Priory Hospital. I also develop workshops, webinars and live presentations and am the author of two pop psych self-help titles. I bring wit, wisdom and experience into the room. If you need help with your anxiety and stress, including work stress, life stress and burnout, if you want help with your confidence, or in overcoming a life challenge, I can help
Hello there, I'm a mental health and wellbeing consultant and have been in practicefor nearly 20 years now. I've worked in a variety of settings, including private practice (in both London and Bristol), the NHS, occupational health, private healthcare and The Priory Hospital. I also develop workshops, webinars and live presentations and am the author of two pop psych self-help titles. I bring wit, wisdom and experience into the room. If you need help with your anxiety and stress, including work stress, life stress and burnout, if you want help with your confidence, or in overcoming a life challenge, I can help
0117 325 6775 View 0117 325 6775
Photo of Lalagay Steelman, Psychotherapist in Bristol, England
Lalagay Steelman
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bristol BS7  (Online Only)
Do you struggle to know how you feel? To trust yourself? Do you find yourself getting caught up in the "shoulds" of life and feeling uncertain about what you really want? Do struggle with self-criticism and shame? Do you want to work on your relationship with your body? These are some of the things I can help with.
Do you struggle to know how you feel? To trust yourself? Do you find yourself getting caught up in the "shoulds" of life and feeling uncertain about what you really want? Do struggle with self-criticism and shame? Do you want to work on your relationship with your body? These are some of the things I can help with.
0117 456 2498 View 0117 456 2498

See more therapy options for Bristol

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Bristol

600+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in Bristol who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
85% Self Esteem
84% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
77% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD
63% Bereavement

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

61% AXA PPP
60% Aviva
45% Vitality

How Counsellors in Bristol see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
25% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Bristol?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.