Counselling in Bradford-on-Avon

Photo of Lucy Edwards, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Lucy Edwards
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
I'm Lucy and I work one to one with adults (18+), both face to face and online and can offer you both short- and longer-term therapy. My approach is warm, compassionate, and supportive of your individual needs, helping you to feel seen, heard and understood. I endeavour to create a safe space in which we can work together.
I'm Lucy and I work one to one with adults (18+), both face to face and online and can offer you both short- and longer-term therapy. My approach is warm, compassionate, and supportive of your individual needs, helping you to feel seen, heard and understood. I endeavour to create a safe space in which we can work together.
01225 435059 View 01225 435059
Photo of Louise Earle, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Louise Earle
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Finding a therapist can feel like a minefield. Ultimately you probably want to find someone to talk to that you feel comfortable with, and who can of course help. I understand how confusing and nerve-wracking it can be to consider therapy and take the first step. I provide clients with a supportive space in which to unpack their challenges. I will help you to get a better handle on what is happening for you. I have experience of working with anxiety, depression, significant loss and bereavement, childhood and midlife trauma, as well as difficulty understanding feelings.
Finding a therapist can feel like a minefield. Ultimately you probably want to find someone to talk to that you feel comfortable with, and who can of course help. I understand how confusing and nerve-wracking it can be to consider therapy and take the first step. I provide clients with a supportive space in which to unpack their challenges. I will help you to get a better handle on what is happening for you. I have experience of working with anxiety, depression, significant loss and bereavement, childhood and midlife trauma, as well as difficulty understanding feelings.
View
Photo of Vicki Dale, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Vicki Dale
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
If you are struggling with depression, difficulties in relationships, grief, anxiety or trauma, then the process of counselling can be deeply transformative. I offer a human-to-human therapeutic relationship. I'm non-judgmental, deeply empathic and compassionate; with years of experience as a humanistic therapist. I walk alongside my clients accompanying them on their journey of healing, awareness and change. I do this by deep active listening and bring anything on the edge of awareness into the light, through a client-led approach.
If you are struggling with depression, difficulties in relationships, grief, anxiety or trauma, then the process of counselling can be deeply transformative. I offer a human-to-human therapeutic relationship. I'm non-judgmental, deeply empathic and compassionate; with years of experience as a humanistic therapist. I walk alongside my clients accompanying them on their journey of healing, awareness and change. I do this by deep active listening and bring anything on the edge of awareness into the light, through a client-led approach.
01225 530284 View 01225 530284
Photo of Karen Tate, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Karen Tate
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15  (Online Only)
I am a qualified and BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, experienced in treating anxiety, depression and PTSD. If you want to find ways to think and do things differently to feel better, then CBT could be right for you. Together, in a safe and structured way, we will make sense of what may be keeping you stuck and empower you to learn strategies to work towards your own goals. This could involve learning new coping techniques, challenging negative thoughts and beliefs, or experimenting with different ways of doing things. By the end of therapy you should have new tools to be able to live your life differently.
I am a qualified and BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, experienced in treating anxiety, depression and PTSD. If you want to find ways to think and do things differently to feel better, then CBT could be right for you. Together, in a safe and structured way, we will make sense of what may be keeping you stuck and empower you to learn strategies to work towards your own goals. This could involve learning new coping techniques, challenging negative thoughts and beliefs, or experimenting with different ways of doing things. By the end of therapy you should have new tools to be able to live your life differently.
07498 554517 View 07498 554517
Photo of Sam Fairgrieve, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Sam Fairgrieve
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Do you feel overwhelmed by your emotions? Is anxiety adversely affecting your day-to-day life? Has life lost it’s meaning for you, making it hard for you to find energy or enthusiasm for anything? Is the transition to parenthood more challenging that you envisaged? It can be difficult to imagine things can be different, but therapy can make change possible. Therapy can not only provide relief from distressing symptoms, but can also help you live at your highest level of capacity – free to feel fully alive and to thrive in all areas of your life.
Do you feel overwhelmed by your emotions? Is anxiety adversely affecting your day-to-day life? Has life lost it’s meaning for you, making it hard for you to find energy or enthusiasm for anything? Is the transition to parenthood more challenging that you envisaged? It can be difficult to imagine things can be different, but therapy can make change possible. Therapy can not only provide relief from distressing symptoms, but can also help you live at your highest level of capacity – free to feel fully alive and to thrive in all areas of your life.
01480 270929 View 01480 270929
Photo of Kathryn Tiffanie Wood-Heath, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Kathryn Tiffanie Wood-Heath
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Hello, thank you for exploring through my profile. I am a counsellor who specialises in helping people who are going through tough transitions in their lives and their relationships. Are you going through a difficult move? Are you going off to university, changing careers or are moving into retirement? Are you navigating through a tough relationship, trying to make sense of online dating or going through a divorce? I am passionate about helping people work through the anxiety that major life changes can bring, and I help them to clear up the fog of confusion.
Hello, thank you for exploring through my profile. I am a counsellor who specialises in helping people who are going through tough transitions in their lives and their relationships. Are you going through a difficult move? Are you going off to university, changing careers or are moving into retirement? Are you navigating through a tough relationship, trying to make sense of online dating or going through a divorce? I am passionate about helping people work through the anxiety that major life changes can bring, and I help them to clear up the fog of confusion.
01327 223907 View 01327 223907
Photo of Billie-Jude Thorpe, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Billie-Jude Thorpe
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Internal Family Systems is the fundamental psychotherapeutic approach that helps people deal with the legacy of trauma. We will work collaboratively, understanding what is being brought to the room and making sense of it together in an environment of safety and respect. I hope that our time together will deepen your self awareness and capacity for a fuller sense of you. Through expanding and deepening your understanding of yourself, compassion and perspectives can broaden- loosening the bolts on personal narratives or beliefs and creating room and opportunities for a different experience.
Internal Family Systems is the fundamental psychotherapeutic approach that helps people deal with the legacy of trauma. We will work collaboratively, understanding what is being brought to the room and making sense of it together in an environment of safety and respect. I hope that our time together will deepen your self awareness and capacity for a fuller sense of you. Through expanding and deepening your understanding of yourself, compassion and perspectives can broaden- loosening the bolts on personal narratives or beliefs and creating room and opportunities for a different experience.
View
Photo of James Middleton, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
James Middleton
Psychotherapist, PhD, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Waitlist for new clients
We all are subject to emotions like low moods, worries and frustrations; it’s all part of being human, the brain we inherit and the effect of our environment. However, when these emotions turn chronic, exaggerated and persistent, we suffer from situations like depression, anxiety and anger, which impact on our lives and well-being. These emotions spill over, adversely affecting our goals and relationships at home and at work
We all are subject to emotions like low moods, worries and frustrations; it’s all part of being human, the brain we inherit and the effect of our environment. However, when these emotions turn chronic, exaggerated and persistent, we suffer from situations like depression, anxiety and anger, which impact on our lives and well-being. These emotions spill over, adversely affecting our goals and relationships at home and at work
01225 985707 View 01225 985707
Photo of Kate Hardenberg, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Kate Hardenberg
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Are you having relationships issues or family issues? Are you struggling with anxiety, or are you feeling depressed at times? Have you had a life transition such as redundancy, illness or bereavement, or been affected by an affair or betrayal? It may be that life is getting on top of you, and it may feel that there is no one to turn to help sort things out.
Are you having relationships issues or family issues? Are you struggling with anxiety, or are you feeling depressed at times? Have you had a life transition such as redundancy, illness or bereavement, or been affected by an affair or betrayal? It may be that life is getting on top of you, and it may feel that there is no one to turn to help sort things out.
01225 530234 View 01225 530234
Photo of Gemma Mason, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Gemma Mason
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Not accepting new clients
I approach working with clients as meeting the individual within their current situation. I hold a non-judgemental position and offer unconditional acceptance. I work with a diverse population but I am unable to offer access to my practice room for wheelchairs
I approach working with clients as meeting the individual within their current situation. I hold a non-judgemental position and offer unconditional acceptance. I work with a diverse population but I am unable to offer access to my practice room for wheelchairs
07723 492916 View 07723 492916
Photo of Michael Darvill, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Michael Darvill
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
If you're reading this, then you're most likely struggling right now. You might be feeling anxious, depressed or low. You may be angry, sad or stressed by a certain situation in your life. Maybe you've lost direction and meaning, and feel stuck as a result. Or lost someone important to you, either through a bereavement or relationship breakdown. Feelings of despair, fear or hurt can be overwhelming. But...you've started the process of addressing these issues by looking for a counsellor. You've taken the first step. Together, in a collaborative effort, we can look at what is bothering you and attempt to find a way through.
If you're reading this, then you're most likely struggling right now. You might be feeling anxious, depressed or low. You may be angry, sad or stressed by a certain situation in your life. Maybe you've lost direction and meaning, and feel stuck as a result. Or lost someone important to you, either through a bereavement or relationship breakdown. Feelings of despair, fear or hurt can be overwhelming. But...you've started the process of addressing these issues by looking for a counsellor. You've taken the first step. Together, in a collaborative effort, we can look at what is bothering you and attempt to find a way through.
01225 697254 View 01225 697254
Photo of Frances Hamilton, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Frances Hamilton
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Wondering what to do, unsure what or who can help. And how? Whatever is troubling you, whatever is getting you down you don't have to struggle alone. Talking to someone outside your circle of family, friends or even colleagues at work can be the start of a new path. A path where you can discover how you got to this place in your life. And perhaps more importantly what it is you are seeking.
Wondering what to do, unsure what or who can help. And how? Whatever is troubling you, whatever is getting you down you don't have to struggle alone. Talking to someone outside your circle of family, friends or even colleagues at work can be the start of a new path. A path where you can discover how you got to this place in your life. And perhaps more importantly what it is you are seeking.
01225 530259 View 01225 530259
Photo of Tessa Strickland, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Tessa Strickland
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Are you struggling with a relationship or juggling the competing demands of your private and professional life? Are you feeling stuck and uncertain about how to fulfil your potential? Have you recently lost someone close to you? I first sought help as a young mother and the benefits were so enormous, I chose to train as a psychotherapist myself. I work one-to-one and with couples, helping you to identify patterns in your relationship with others, and with yourself, and establishing ways of changing those patterns that do not serve you.
Are you struggling with a relationship or juggling the competing demands of your private and professional life? Are you feeling stuck and uncertain about how to fulfil your potential? Have you recently lost someone close to you? I first sought help as a young mother and the benefits were so enormous, I chose to train as a psychotherapist myself. I work one-to-one and with couples, helping you to identify patterns in your relationship with others, and with yourself, and establishing ways of changing those patterns that do not serve you.
01225 530240 View 01225 530240
Photo of JP Counselling , Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
JP Counselling
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
My ideal client is someone who will be honest with me in order for us to work together. I enjoy working with clients who are not really sure why they feel the way they do, but know that something is not quite right and feel the need to investigate this further. I have a particular interest and expertise in working with clients who have anxiety, depression, lack of self confidence and body image issues along with relationship difficulties. I work with clients to identify their needs and goals to create a unique personal treatment plan in order for them to reach their goals within a sensible time frame.
My ideal client is someone who will be honest with me in order for us to work together. I enjoy working with clients who are not really sure why they feel the way they do, but know that something is not quite right and feel the need to investigate this further. I have a particular interest and expertise in working with clients who have anxiety, depression, lack of self confidence and body image issues along with relationship difficulties. I work with clients to identify their needs and goals to create a unique personal treatment plan in order for them to reach their goals within a sensible time frame.
07723 486462 View 07723 486462
Photo of Kerry Hampton. Mbacp.dip.couns., Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Kerry Hampton. Mbacp.dip.couns.
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Waitlist for new clients
Let me introduce myself. I am Kerry, local to Wiltshire. Working as a Qualified Integrative Counsellor, I take account of the whole person, emotional, physical and mental. I am trained in many theoretical approaches and a certificated registered Member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. (MBACP). I work with a range of issues including trauma, abuse, depression, anxiety and relationships. I am a certified mental health first aider, a trauma informed practitioner and hold a L2 EY neuroscience certificate. I have partaken in my own therapy, and this allows me to know what it feels like to be in that chair.
Let me introduce myself. I am Kerry, local to Wiltshire. Working as a Qualified Integrative Counsellor, I take account of the whole person, emotional, physical and mental. I am trained in many theoretical approaches and a certificated registered Member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. (MBACP). I work with a range of issues including trauma, abuse, depression, anxiety and relationships. I am a certified mental health first aider, a trauma informed practitioner and hold a L2 EY neuroscience certificate. I have partaken in my own therapy, and this allows me to know what it feels like to be in that chair.
01373 482951 View 01373 482951
Photo of Heather Coombe, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Heather Coombe
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Not accepting new clients
If you change nothing, nothing changes but it can be hard to know where to begin. I feel it starts with you being heard and valued. Having your story and your feelings witnessed and validated is extraordinarily powerful and provides the catalyst for change. You will gain a clarity and a sense of perspective as well as an understanding of why you behave in the way you do. Talking to me will feel different from talking to a friend or family member. I will offer you insights and reflections, not opinions or solutions. I am interested in you and your experiences and they matter to me, but as I'm not involved I can remain objective.
If you change nothing, nothing changes but it can be hard to know where to begin. I feel it starts with you being heard and valued. Having your story and your feelings witnessed and validated is extraordinarily powerful and provides the catalyst for change. You will gain a clarity and a sense of perspective as well as an understanding of why you behave in the way you do. Talking to me will feel different from talking to a friend or family member. I will offer you insights and reflections, not opinions or solutions. I am interested in you and your experiences and they matter to me, but as I'm not involved I can remain objective.
07968 953384 View 07968 953384
Photo of Jacqui Edmiston, Innox Counselling, Counsellor in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Jacqui Edmiston, Innox Counselling
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Asking for help can be very daunting: sometimes it’s hard even to articulate your thoughts, let alone work out how to find someone who might be able to help make sense of it all. I understand this. I’ve been an advocate of ‘talking therapy’ for many years and I know how comforting it can be to share what’s going on in a space that feels safe, supportive and kind. In fact it is my own experience of being a therapist’s client that has led me to the journey I am now on.
Asking for help can be very daunting: sometimes it’s hard even to articulate your thoughts, let alone work out how to find someone who might be able to help make sense of it all. I understand this. I’ve been an advocate of ‘talking therapy’ for many years and I know how comforting it can be to share what’s going on in a space that feels safe, supportive and kind. In fact it is my own experience of being a therapist’s client that has led me to the journey I am now on.
01225 435097 View 01225 435097
Photo of Jade Luck, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Jade Luck
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Life can present challenges that leave us feeling overwhelmed, depressed, anxious or disconnected from ourselves. At these times the support of another can help you to find a way forward. I can support you to understand your thoughts and feelings, bringing awareness to where you are feeling stuck. Together we will explore what is currently difficult in the present and look to the past for information that might be helpful. Often our strategies for coping might not be serving us in our current situation. I can help you to understand patterns that may be keeping you stuck and support you to find a way through.
Life can present challenges that leave us feeling overwhelmed, depressed, anxious or disconnected from ourselves. At these times the support of another can help you to find a way forward. I can support you to understand your thoughts and feelings, bringing awareness to where you are feeling stuck. Together we will explore what is currently difficult in the present and look to the past for information that might be helpful. Often our strategies for coping might not be serving us in our current situation. I can help you to understand patterns that may be keeping you stuck and support you to find a way through.
01225 617276 View 01225 617276
Photo of Laura Appel - Mindful Therapist, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Laura Appel - Mindful Therapist
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
Welcome. I'm a UKCP accredited Core Process Psychotherapist with a BSc in Psychology, a diploma in humanistic psychotherapeutic couselling and a Masters (MA) in mindfulness-based psychotherapeutic practice. It's natural to experience difficult periods in life where we can benefit from additional support. I've lived experience of the transformational power of the therapeutic relationship and its capacity to support healing and well-being. I'll welcome you to a safe supportive space where you will be deeply listened to and held with compassion. I'm happy to work in person and online with adults of all ages and histories.
Welcome. I'm a UKCP accredited Core Process Psychotherapist with a BSc in Psychology, a diploma in humanistic psychotherapeutic couselling and a Masters (MA) in mindfulness-based psychotherapeutic practice. It's natural to experience difficult periods in life where we can benefit from additional support. I've lived experience of the transformational power of the therapeutic relationship and its capacity to support healing and well-being. I'll welcome you to a safe supportive space where you will be deeply listened to and held with compassion. I'm happy to work in person and online with adults of all ages and histories.
07568 661689 View 07568 661689
Photo of Martin Phillips, Psychotherapist in Bradford-on-Avon, England
Martin Phillips
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bradford-on-Avon BA15
You might be struggling with something difficult in the here and now, such as the loss of a loved one, or the breakdown of a relationship. Or perhaps you’re aware of vague, underlying feelings of sadness, anxiety or anger. Maybe you feel trapped in a cycle of repeated disappointments with partners, friends and careers and don’t know why. Whether you know what the problem is, or even if you don’t, therapy can help. It’s an opportunity to explore yourself; to examine feelings, thoughts and motivations and gain understanding - the first step towards navigating a different, happier course.
You might be struggling with something difficult in the here and now, such as the loss of a loved one, or the breakdown of a relationship. Or perhaps you’re aware of vague, underlying feelings of sadness, anxiety or anger. Maybe you feel trapped in a cycle of repeated disappointments with partners, friends and careers and don’t know why. Whether you know what the problem is, or even if you don’t, therapy can help. It’s an opportunity to explore yourself; to examine feelings, thoughts and motivations and gain understanding - the first step towards navigating a different, happier course.
01225 530258 View 01225 530258

See more therapy options for Bradford-on-Avon

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Bradford-on-Avon

20+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in Bradford-on-Avon who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
91% Relationship Issues
87% Self Esteem
87% Stress
78% Bereavement
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% AXA PPP
67% Aviva
67% Vitality

How Counsellors in Bradford-on-Avon see their clients

96% In Person and Online
4% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
13% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Bradford-on-Avon?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.