Counselling in Bradfield Green

Photo of Emma Stafford, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Emma Stafford
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bradfield Green CW1
Hi, my name is Emma and I am a qualified Person-centred counsellor (MBACP). Being Person-centred means that the sessions I offer are client-led, valuing the unique experience of each individual. We can all face times in our lives where we feel like we need extra support or just a listening ear. I believe that, as a counsellor, I can provide both of these things as well as a safe, confidential and non-judgemental space to explore and make sense of your thoughts and feelings. My aim is that during our sessions together my clients will feel empowered and valued and eventually able to find their own solutions.
Hi, my name is Emma and I am a qualified Person-centred counsellor (MBACP). Being Person-centred means that the sessions I offer are client-led, valuing the unique experience of each individual. We can all face times in our lives where we feel like we need extra support or just a listening ear. I believe that, as a counsellor, I can provide both of these things as well as a safe, confidential and non-judgemental space to explore and make sense of your thoughts and feelings. My aim is that during our sessions together my clients will feel empowered and valued and eventually able to find their own solutions.
01270 906624 View 01270 906624

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Katy Louise Yeates - Katy Louise Counselling, PNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Katy Louise Counselling
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2
I offer one to one counselling sessions face to face or over the phone. I offer a safe place for you to talk, I will listen and remain non judgmental throughout your counselling journey. This allows you to learn about yourself & notice patterns in your behaviour. We are able to break the struggles & problems down, I will reflect things back to you and teach coping techniques to assist with the problems you are facing.
I offer one to one counselling sessions face to face or over the phone. I offer a safe place for you to talk, I will listen and remain non judgmental throughout your counselling journey. This allows you to learn about yourself & notice patterns in your behaviour. We are able to break the struggles & problems down, I will reflect things back to you and teach coping techniques to assist with the problems you are facing.
01270 447654 View 01270 447654
Photo of Karl Ryan Woolley, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Karl Ryan Woolley
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Nantwich CW5
I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) with 20 years of experience of working within a range of psychological settings within both the NHS and private sector. Gathering from my experience, I can utilise various models of therapy such as CBT, EMDR and DBT. I have a particular interest in working with individuals who are struggling with PTSD, both single and complex presentations, using both CBT and EMDR approaches, which I have found to be effective methods. I am also keen to work with individuals who have long term physical health conditions and low self-esteem.
I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Therapist (CBT) with 20 years of experience of working within a range of psychological settings within both the NHS and private sector. Gathering from my experience, I can utilise various models of therapy such as CBT, EMDR and DBT. I have a particular interest in working with individuals who are struggling with PTSD, both single and complex presentations, using both CBT and EMDR approaches, which I have found to be effective methods. I am also keen to work with individuals who have long term physical health conditions and low self-esteem.
01270 447557 View 01270 447557
Photo of Nigel Cadman, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Nigel Cadman
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1
I work in a person-centred manner which means that I value building a positive relationship with clients; working to create a safe and comfortable therapeutic environment. This means that I want you to feel able to talk and express yourself about anything that may be troubling you. We talk about whatever you chose, and you can do so without fear of judgement. This enables you to become more comfortable with things as you discuss your thoughts freely, giving you an opportunity to consider things from different perspectives and over time building your confidence to explore different options and possibilities that are open to you.
I work in a person-centred manner which means that I value building a positive relationship with clients; working to create a safe and comfortable therapeutic environment. This means that I want you to feel able to talk and express yourself about anything that may be troubling you. We talk about whatever you chose, and you can do so without fear of judgement. This enables you to become more comfortable with things as you discuss your thoughts freely, giving you an opportunity to consider things from different perspectives and over time building your confidence to explore different options and possibilities that are open to you.
01270 433834 View 01270 433834
Photo of Nicola Segrott, MSc, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Nicola Segrott
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2
I’m Nicola, I work with individuals and couples trying to make sense of change in their lives. Change may be a natural part of human life, but it can be hard to understand the loss of a close relative, friend or lover or other difficult sudden events and to figure out what happens now. The emotional effects of a change can knock you off balance influencing the way you think and feel about yourself now and in the future. I have a real interest in the emotional impact of life changes and how they influence our emotions. One-to-one therapy gives you the time and place to help make sense of difficult events in your life.
I’m Nicola, I work with individuals and couples trying to make sense of change in their lives. Change may be a natural part of human life, but it can be hard to understand the loss of a close relative, friend or lover or other difficult sudden events and to figure out what happens now. The emotional effects of a change can knock you off balance influencing the way you think and feel about yourself now and in the future. I have a real interest in the emotional impact of life changes and how they influence our emotions. One-to-one therapy gives you the time and place to help make sense of difficult events in your life.
01270 439922 View 01270 439922
Photo of Steve John Barlow - Steve Barlow Counselling & Supervision Services, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Steve Barlow Counselling & Supervision Services
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1  (Online Only)
I am a BACP accredited, fully insured counsellor, supervisor and support group facilitator with over 20 years experience of working with clients both in an organisational setting and in private practice. I currently have availability Monday to Friday and sessions are now available online via secure video platforms. I am well-versed in providing both long and short-term counselling arrangements, covering many issues from addiction, bereavement and abuse to anxiety to relationship concerns and sexuality and gender.
I am a BACP accredited, fully insured counsellor, supervisor and support group facilitator with over 20 years experience of working with clients both in an organisational setting and in private practice. I currently have availability Monday to Friday and sessions are now available online via secure video platforms. I am well-versed in providing both long and short-term counselling arrangements, covering many issues from addiction, bereavement and abuse to anxiety to relationship concerns and sexuality and gender.
01763 291259 View 01763 291259
Photo of Deb Haynes, MBACP, Counsellor
Deb Haynes
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1
Hello, I'm Deb Haynes and I hope that I can help you. I work primarily with children and families, but also with individuals. I use a person centred approach and other techniques which I have trained in such as play therapy. Some of the stressful issues that a lot of people experience are, anxiety, bereavement (including pet bereavement), trauma, behavioural/trust issues, self-esteem issues, self-harming and harmful sexualized behaviour issues. Please get in touch.
Hello, I'm Deb Haynes and I hope that I can help you. I work primarily with children and families, but also with individuals. I use a person centred approach and other techniques which I have trained in such as play therapy. Some of the stressful issues that a lot of people experience are, anxiety, bereavement (including pet bereavement), trauma, behavioural/trust issues, self-esteem issues, self-harming and harmful sexualized behaviour issues. Please get in touch.
01270 906390 View 01270 906390
Photo of Christine (Chris) Jackson, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Christine (Chris) Jackson
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1
I qualified as a Person-Centred Counsellor in 2013 and feel privileged to work with adults, couples and young people. I am also a qualified supervisor having the pleasure to supervise both trainee and qualified counsellors. I offer a safe, caring and respectful relationship in which you are offered the space to explore self in ways which feel comfortable for you. Counselling can help with a wide range of issues including relationships, work-related matters, loneliness, sexuality, spirituality, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, abuse,trauma, illness, loss and bereavement.
I qualified as a Person-Centred Counsellor in 2013 and feel privileged to work with adults, couples and young people. I am also a qualified supervisor having the pleasure to supervise both trainee and qualified counsellors. I offer a safe, caring and respectful relationship in which you are offered the space to explore self in ways which feel comfortable for you. Counselling can help with a wide range of issues including relationships, work-related matters, loneliness, sexuality, spirituality, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, abuse,trauma, illness, loss and bereavement.
01606 668847 View 01606 668847
Photo of Alicja Blada- Edgeley, MA, BACP, Counsellor
Alicja Blada- Edgeley
Counsellor, MA, BACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2
I work with depression, anxiety and with people who have experienced control, manipulation and abuse in their lives. Feeling low, stressed and anxious can impact hugely how we manage our day to day tasks. Often leads to isolation from friends and family, because we feel that people don't understand what we are going through. In fact, we often don't understand what we are feeling and why we feel so low or anxious. Being with someone controlling feels like 'walking on eggshells' -not knowing what to expect next. You doubt and question yourself in many ways.
I work with depression, anxiety and with people who have experienced control, manipulation and abuse in their lives. Feeling low, stressed and anxious can impact hugely how we manage our day to day tasks. Often leads to isolation from friends and family, because we feel that people don't understand what we are going through. In fact, we often don't understand what we are feeling and why we feel so low or anxious. Being with someone controlling feels like 'walking on eggshells' -not knowing what to expect next. You doubt and question yourself in many ways.
01270 260279 View 01270 260279
Photo of Caroline Mallika Tresman, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Caroline Mallika Tresman
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crewe CW1
Work with me to quickly and efficiently clear whatever is holding you back. Or maybe you just need someone you feel safe to talk with. How would you feel if you didn’t have those difficult feelings or traumatic memories? Those feelings that can seem impossible or overwhelming really can feel different. Or perhaps you have a current situation to deal with and do not want to dive into the past - I will not make you start from the "beginning". We can work through your experiences in a gentle way, and it could even be fun! Well done on getting this far and considering some support at this time - I would be pleased to work with you.
Work with me to quickly and efficiently clear whatever is holding you back. Or maybe you just need someone you feel safe to talk with. How would you feel if you didn’t have those difficult feelings or traumatic memories? Those feelings that can seem impossible or overwhelming really can feel different. Or perhaps you have a current situation to deal with and do not want to dive into the past - I will not make you start from the "beginning". We can work through your experiences in a gentle way, and it could even be fun! Well done on getting this far and considering some support at this time - I would be pleased to work with you.
01270 447551 View 01270 447551
Photo of Alison Lee Soulsby, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Alison Lee Soulsby
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2
You may have many friends and relations, but find it difficult to talk to them about your most private worries or concerns. If you are looking for someone whose sole relationship with you is to discuss issues causing you stress, or anxiety, or depression then counselling may help. I am a person-centred counsellor, which means I place an emphasis on helping you to build your resilience and confidence when issues arise in your to day to day life. As a counsellor I do not judge your thoughts, feelings or actions, but rather help you to understand these for yourself.
You may have many friends and relations, but find it difficult to talk to them about your most private worries or concerns. If you are looking for someone whose sole relationship with you is to discuss issues causing you stress, or anxiety, or depression then counselling may help. I am a person-centred counsellor, which means I place an emphasis on helping you to build your resilience and confidence when issues arise in your to day to day life. As a counsellor I do not judge your thoughts, feelings or actions, but rather help you to understand these for yourself.
01270 446537 View 01270 446537
Photo of Caz (Carole) Davies, BACP, Counsellor
Caz (Carole) Davies
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2  (Online Only)
Change can sometimes be hard. Facing changes in our life can bring forth a bombardment of expected and unexpected emotion: anxiety and fear about what will happen next; sadness and anger about the circumstances of the change; guilt and shame about past events. It can feel like a whirlwind of thoughts going around inside your head. Opening the 'box' and letting those thoughts out in a safe, compassionate setting releases the overwhelm, helps you to see more clearly what is right for you and builds confidence in your inner wisdom.
Change can sometimes be hard. Facing changes in our life can bring forth a bombardment of expected and unexpected emotion: anxiety and fear about what will happen next; sadness and anger about the circumstances of the change; guilt and shame about past events. It can feel like a whirlwind of thoughts going around inside your head. Opening the 'box' and letting those thoughts out in a safe, compassionate setting releases the overwhelm, helps you to see more clearly what is right for you and builds confidence in your inner wisdom.
01270 449715 View 01270 449715
Photo of Sarah Jones, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Sarah Jones
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nantwich CW5
Hi I'm Sarah, as a therapist I love helping people who've been through troubles in life and can't pretend they are OK any longer.  If you've come to that moment where you know you need help processing past experiences to feel better for your future then I have the knowledge and expertise to help. With nearly a decade of experience as a qualified therapist, I have crafted my unique empathetic approach grounded in neuroscience and compassion.
Hi I'm Sarah, as a therapist I love helping people who've been through troubles in life and can't pretend they are OK any longer.  If you've come to that moment where you know you need help processing past experiences to feel better for your future then I have the knowledge and expertise to help. With nearly a decade of experience as a qualified therapist, I have crafted my unique empathetic approach grounded in neuroscience and compassion.
01270 433316 View 01270 433316
Photo of Leanne Astbury - Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Cognitive Behavioural Therapist
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1
A therapist who looks beyond your symptoms, guiding you to uncover the real reasons behind your struggles. Welcome I'm Leanne Astbury, a psychotherapist dedicated to guiding you beyond symptom management to uncover and address the real reasons behind your challenges. Drawing from my personal experiences and years of helping others, I've come to understand that issues like anxiety, depression, perfectionism, overthinking, worry, and stress are not the real problems—they're just symptoms. To achieve lasting results, we must focus on addressing the root causes, not just treating these symptoms.
A therapist who looks beyond your symptoms, guiding you to uncover the real reasons behind your struggles. Welcome I'm Leanne Astbury, a psychotherapist dedicated to guiding you beyond symptom management to uncover and address the real reasons behind your challenges. Drawing from my personal experiences and years of helping others, I've come to understand that issues like anxiety, depression, perfectionism, overthinking, worry, and stress are not the real problems—they're just symptoms. To achieve lasting results, we must focus on addressing the root causes, not just treating these symptoms.
01606 532687 View 01606 532687
Photo of Sabrina Persiano, MA, PTUK, Psychotherapist
Sabrina Persiano
Psychotherapist, MA, PTUK
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1
It's not easy being a parent and it's not easy knowing that your child is going through a tough time. You might have noticed that their behaviour has become really difficult to handle and it is putting a strain on family life. Teachers might have noticed this in the classroom too. Sometimes, you might wonder if this is something you are going to have get used to. It doesn't have to be this way. I can help your child and your family have a well-deserved meaningful life, filled with happier memories.
It's not easy being a parent and it's not easy knowing that your child is going through a tough time. You might have noticed that their behaviour has become really difficult to handle and it is putting a strain on family life. Teachers might have noticed this in the classroom too. Sometimes, you might wonder if this is something you are going to have get used to. It doesn't have to be this way. I can help your child and your family have a well-deserved meaningful life, filled with happier memories.
01270 433151 View 01270 433151
Photo of Patricia Yvonne Taylor, MSc, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Patricia Yvonne Taylor
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1
My counselling model is Person-Centred. Many years experience enables me to offer effective individualised, psychological treatment. I treat most emotional disorders and provide a neutral ground My focus is to individuals heal, energise, and become aware of their inner strengths. I achieve this by providing a neutral safe space, listening to your concerns, understanding you and your issues to customise a treatment plan which meets your needs. I will be there for you every step of your journey. My goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal your pain, and move forward to where you want to be in your life.
My counselling model is Person-Centred. Many years experience enables me to offer effective individualised, psychological treatment. I treat most emotional disorders and provide a neutral ground My focus is to individuals heal, energise, and become aware of their inner strengths. I achieve this by providing a neutral safe space, listening to your concerns, understanding you and your issues to customise a treatment plan which meets your needs. I will be there for you every step of your journey. My goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal your pain, and move forward to where you want to be in your life.
01260 545418 View 01260 545418
Photo of Nicola Burgess, MBACP, Counsellor
Nicola Burgess
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2
Hi, I'm Nicola, a qualified Person-Centred counsellor. Do you experience times when things just get too much and although you may have a good network of family, friends or colleagues you just need a safe space where you can go to talk, not be judged and know that whatever is spoken about is confidential. Whatever is troubling you may stem from your childhood, a relationship, a traumatic event or something else but whatever it is, this maybe preventing you from living your life to the full. The first step can be daunting, but together we can explore your thoughts, your feelings which will enable you to gain a greater self worth.
Hi, I'm Nicola, a qualified Person-Centred counsellor. Do you experience times when things just get too much and although you may have a good network of family, friends or colleagues you just need a safe space where you can go to talk, not be judged and know that whatever is spoken about is confidential. Whatever is troubling you may stem from your childhood, a relationship, a traumatic event or something else but whatever it is, this maybe preventing you from living your life to the full. The first step can be daunting, but together we can explore your thoughts, your feelings which will enable you to gain a greater self worth.
01270 906391 View 01270 906391
Photo of Jo Thacker, MBACP, Counsellor
Jo Thacker
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW2
Have you suffered something traumatic recently or from your childhood? Are you suffering from grief or anxiety? I am passionate about listening to people and will give you the time and space to talk in a warm and safe environment.
Have you suffered something traumatic recently or from your childhood? Are you suffering from grief or anxiety? I am passionate about listening to people and will give you the time and space to talk in a warm and safe environment.
01270 696683 View 01270 696683
Photo of Joanne Mary Trahair, DCounsPsych, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Joanne Mary Trahair
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1  (Online Only)
Helping clients with anxiety issues. Able to empathize with distress from cancer, grief and menopause symptoms. Maybe you just need to talk or would like coping tools, or to know, you are not alone. Its good to have goals and want to feel better about ourselves. Its also important to feel listened to and understood in a deeper way, to be heard. The recognition of being listened to can be an incredibly motivating force that can ignites us when we are together, it is meaningful and sustains us in our darkest moments.
Helping clients with anxiety issues. Able to empathize with distress from cancer, grief and menopause symptoms. Maybe you just need to talk or would like coping tools, or to know, you are not alone. Its good to have goals and want to feel better about ourselves. Its also important to feel listened to and understood in a deeper way, to be heard. The recognition of being listened to can be an incredibly motivating force that can ignites us when we are together, it is meaningful and sustains us in our darkest moments.
01270 433227 View 01270 433227
Photo of Carolyne Aneh, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Carolyne Aneh
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Crewe CW1  (Online Only)
Hi there, I’m Carolyne, a qualified and experienced Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I currently have availability for new clients interested in virtual/online sessions (delivered via Google Meet or Zoom). Would you like to work on your personal growth, so that you can show up as your authentic self? Would you like to dig deeper and understand what makes it hard for you to say no, even when saying yes is not in your best interest? Would you like to cultivate healthy relationships (romantic, family, friendships)? If your answer is yes, to any of the above questions then you're in the right place.
Hi there, I’m Carolyne, a qualified and experienced Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I currently have availability for new clients interested in virtual/online sessions (delivered via Google Meet or Zoom). Would you like to work on your personal growth, so that you can show up as your authentic self? Would you like to dig deeper and understand what makes it hard for you to say no, even when saying yes is not in your best interest? Would you like to cultivate healthy relationships (romantic, family, friendships)? If your answer is yes, to any of the above questions then you're in the right place.
01782 493497 View 01782 493497

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Bradfield Green

< 10

Counsellors in Bradfield Green who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Domestic Abuse
100% Bereavement
100% Parenting
100% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Bradfield Green see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Bradfield Green?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.