Counselling in Bingley

Photo of Laura Cooper Counselling, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Laura Cooper Counselling
Counsellor, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
Hi, I'm Laura. Based in Bingley, West Yorkshire, I can work with you in person, online or by telephone. You might have a build up of life experiences or something might have happened that has triggered a sudden change in you that's brought you here. Whatever's going for you, I'm here to help; you can talk to me about anything that is going on in your life. I'll be with you through these thoughts and feelings; working together we can face these things in the way that is right for you.
Hi, I'm Laura. Based in Bingley, West Yorkshire, I can work with you in person, online or by telephone. You might have a build up of life experiences or something might have happened that has triggered a sudden change in you that's brought you here. Whatever's going for you, I'm here to help; you can talk to me about anything that is going on in your life. I'll be with you through these thoughts and feelings; working together we can face these things in the way that is right for you.
01535 288201 View 01535 288201
Photo of Rosie Sharp, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Rosie Sharp
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bingley BD16
Welcome to my profile and well done for making what can be a difficult step in choosing something different for yourself. Something isn't working for you and you want it to change. Perhaps you’re at a crossroads, perhaps there are things in your past that are affecting your present. You may feel in total overwhelm, or perhaps very low. There are lots of reasons that might bring you to this point of seeking counselling but I believe passionately that when we feel heard and and accepted, we feel better and gain greater self awareness. And from this internal change can come meaningful change on the outside also.
Welcome to my profile and well done for making what can be a difficult step in choosing something different for yourself. Something isn't working for you and you want it to change. Perhaps you’re at a crossroads, perhaps there are things in your past that are affecting your present. You may feel in total overwhelm, or perhaps very low. There are lots of reasons that might bring you to this point of seeking counselling but I believe passionately that when we feel heard and and accepted, we feel better and gain greater self awareness. And from this internal change can come meaningful change on the outside also.
01535 282595 View 01535 282595
Photo of Arnica Counselling,Psychotherapy & Supervision, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Arnica Counselling,Psychotherapy & Supervision
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
Welcome, to all Adults, Couples and Supervisees. Are you noticing past experiences are affecting how you feel, think or behave, or that you're struggling with family, friends or romantic relationships, possibly recognising a pattern? Maybe you're feeling unloved or unheard or you've been feeling stressed, angry, distressed, down and worried for such a long time you can't find a way out. No matter what your situation is, counselling/psychotherapy is a great way to build a secure sense of self, helping you build resilience and confidence, helping you manage any situation life throws at you going forward.
Welcome, to all Adults, Couples and Supervisees. Are you noticing past experiences are affecting how you feel, think or behave, or that you're struggling with family, friends or romantic relationships, possibly recognising a pattern? Maybe you're feeling unloved or unheard or you've been feeling stressed, angry, distressed, down and worried for such a long time you can't find a way out. No matter what your situation is, counselling/psychotherapy is a great way to build a secure sense of self, helping you build resilience and confidence, helping you manage any situation life throws at you going forward.
01274 086661 View 01274 086661
Photo of Anjelena Santos, Psychotherapist in Bingley, England
Anjelena Santos
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bingley BD16  (Online Only)
Hi there. I'm a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist, with over 15 years experience. I specialise in offering trauma and attachment-informed Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for adults. With me you can expect to have a present, warm & compassionate therapist. I aim to help you feel safe to get unstuck and work through your difficulties to get to a place where you feel confident you have the self-awareness and tools you need to thrive. I often integrate approaches which sit well with CBT, such as Compassion Focused Therapy and Acceptance Commitment Therapy, and tailor therapy to best support each individual.
Hi there. I'm a BABCP accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist, with over 15 years experience. I specialise in offering trauma and attachment-informed Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for adults. With me you can expect to have a present, warm & compassionate therapist. I aim to help you feel safe to get unstuck and work through your difficulties to get to a place where you feel confident you have the self-awareness and tools you need to thrive. I often integrate approaches which sit well with CBT, such as Compassion Focused Therapy and Acceptance Commitment Therapy, and tailor therapy to best support each individual.
01535 288114 View 01535 288114
Photo of Gateway Counselling, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Gateway Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
Whether you are finding it difficult to cope, would like support for a specific issue or are feeling stuck, therapy can offer you a safe, confidential space to explore difficulties with the help of a professional trained to listen and respond in an insightful, non-judgmental and caring way. You do not need to be in crisis to benefit from therapy, although it is fine if you are. Working together we can address the issue which you bring while gaining greater self-awareness and self-acceptance so you can make meaningful and enduring changes in your life. I offer counselling in Bingley and online.
Whether you are finding it difficult to cope, would like support for a specific issue or are feeling stuck, therapy can offer you a safe, confidential space to explore difficulties with the help of a professional trained to listen and respond in an insightful, non-judgmental and caring way. You do not need to be in crisis to benefit from therapy, although it is fine if you are. Working together we can address the issue which you bring while gaining greater self-awareness and self-acceptance so you can make meaningful and enduring changes in your life. I offer counselling in Bingley and online.
01274 019960 View 01274 019960
Photo of Ruth Netherwood MBACP, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Ruth Netherwood MBACP
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, BACP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
My work covers anxiety, trauma, ADHD, ASD, communication, assertiveness and relationships. You will receive a non- judgemental, confidential, collaborative safe space. Every person and experience throughout your life will affect you. How you process, respond and react will be normal for you, but may no longer be working or helpful. Distressing thoughts, relationships, emotions and sensations may linger or may lay hidden away. Our work together will clear the way for reflection, understanding and change, for a happier, healthier you.
My work covers anxiety, trauma, ADHD, ASD, communication, assertiveness and relationships. You will receive a non- judgemental, confidential, collaborative safe space. Every person and experience throughout your life will affect you. How you process, respond and react will be normal for you, but may no longer be working or helpful. Distressing thoughts, relationships, emotions and sensations may linger or may lay hidden away. Our work together will clear the way for reflection, understanding and change, for a happier, healthier you.
01422 411626 View 01422 411626
Photo of Dr Tom Mountjoy, Psychologist in Bingley, England
Dr Tom Mountjoy
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bingley BD16
Dr. Tom Mountjoy is a Registered Clinical Psychologist and Chartered Psychologist with substantial experience within mental health, clinical health psychology, and neuropsychology settings. He provides assessment and therapy input covering a range of psychological issues, including treatment for anxiety and depression, and workplace difficulties. Tom has additional interests in acquired brain injury, neurological conditions, chronic health conditions and adjustment to living with disability.
Dr. Tom Mountjoy is a Registered Clinical Psychologist and Chartered Psychologist with substantial experience within mental health, clinical health psychology, and neuropsychology settings. He provides assessment and therapy input covering a range of psychological issues, including treatment for anxiety and depression, and workplace difficulties. Tom has additional interests in acquired brain injury, neurological conditions, chronic health conditions and adjustment to living with disability.
0113 519 4557 View 0113 519 4557
Photo of Gillian Parkin, Psychotherapist in Bingley, England
Gillian Parkin
Psychotherapist, BACP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
We all have those times in our life when things get on top of us. We feel overwhelmed and maybe unable to cope. As a qualified counsellor & psychotherapist, I believe that by giving you a genuinely safe, non-judgmental space to explore and talk and unpack what’s troubling, together we can find you new ways of thinking or acting that will help you to feel better. Whether that’s building self-esteem; coping & living with anxiety and depression or dealing with a difficult life event, my intention is to work with you to find the resilience & skills you need to make changes that stick.
We all have those times in our life when things get on top of us. We feel overwhelmed and maybe unable to cope. As a qualified counsellor & psychotherapist, I believe that by giving you a genuinely safe, non-judgmental space to explore and talk and unpack what’s troubling, together we can find you new ways of thinking or acting that will help you to feel better. Whether that’s building self-esteem; coping & living with anxiety and depression or dealing with a difficult life event, my intention is to work with you to find the resilience & skills you need to make changes that stick.
01943 666872 View 01943 666872
Photo of Brian Padden, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Brian Padden
Counsellor, MA, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bingley BD16
Having worked in children’s mental health in primary and secondary schools for 20 years I have gained an in-depth understanding of the difficulties faces by children, teenagers and young children. I work in a non-judgemental way to help my clients to untangle and unlock their issues. Often emotions and behaviours are caused by unknown and unmet needs. I work in a supportive person-centred way to help you to find whatever it is that makes you angry, worried, stressed, lacking in confidence and any other unwanted feeling. With support you will be able to change these negative feelings and find control over your emotions.
Having worked in children’s mental health in primary and secondary schools for 20 years I have gained an in-depth understanding of the difficulties faces by children, teenagers and young children. I work in a non-judgemental way to help my clients to untangle and unlock their issues. Often emotions and behaviours are caused by unknown and unmet needs. I work in a supportive person-centred way to help you to find whatever it is that makes you angry, worried, stressed, lacking in confidence and any other unwanted feeling. With support you will be able to change these negative feelings and find control over your emotions.
01535 286045 View 01535 286045
Photo of Lynda Scott-Noble, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Lynda Scott-Noble
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
Life can be hard. We can feel anxious, depressed, confused or alone. We may struggle to find happiness in ourselves, and our relationships with others. We may be trying to come to terms with loss or abuse. There may be things from the past that still trouble us, and it might not be easy to discuss our problems with friends or family. It can be a relief to talk in confidence with someone who will truly listen and see things from our own point of view. Someone who can support us while we make sense of our feelings and work with us at our own pace towards finding our own solutions. This is what I will provide for you.
Life can be hard. We can feel anxious, depressed, confused or alone. We may struggle to find happiness in ourselves, and our relationships with others. We may be trying to come to terms with loss or abuse. There may be things from the past that still trouble us, and it might not be easy to discuss our problems with friends or family. It can be a relief to talk in confidence with someone who will truly listen and see things from our own point of view. Someone who can support us while we make sense of our feelings and work with us at our own pace towards finding our own solutions. This is what I will provide for you.
0113 467 8249 View 0113 467 8249
Photo of MaggieThinkwell, Counsellor in Bingley, England
MaggieThinkwell
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bingley BD16  (Online Only)
It is a bit scary deciding if you need counselling, wondering what it will be like, fitting it into your life, maintaining it. There will be many questions running through your head, and maybe, right now, no answers. And that's okay. It isn't an easy decision but once it is made, those feelings will start to move. If you chose to work with me, the first session will be getting to know what will help. Offering Person Centred Counselling, Hypnotherapy, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Expressive and Creative Arts, we will look at which intervention suits you and which would be best for the difficulties you are experiencing.
It is a bit scary deciding if you need counselling, wondering what it will be like, fitting it into your life, maintaining it. There will be many questions running through your head, and maybe, right now, no answers. And that's okay. It isn't an easy decision but once it is made, those feelings will start to move. If you chose to work with me, the first session will be getting to know what will help. Offering Person Centred Counselling, Hypnotherapy, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Expressive and Creative Arts, we will look at which intervention suits you and which would be best for the difficulties you are experiencing.
01274 019961 View 01274 019961
Photo of Clare Helen Middleton, Psychotherapist in Bingley, England
Clare Helen Middleton
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
Hi, I am Clare, a compassionate, warm, friendly, and professional integrative relational psychotherapist. I work alongside clients in a respectful, empowering, non-judgemental way, to deepen understanding, identify choices and enable change. I believe that our early relationships and experiences have a profound impact on how we feel and behave, and on what we believe about ourselves and the world around us. Having counselling will enable you to rediscover yourself in a safe place, where you can go at your own pace and allow yourself to release your true emotions that you may have locked away but are causing anxiety or distress.
Hi, I am Clare, a compassionate, warm, friendly, and professional integrative relational psychotherapist. I work alongside clients in a respectful, empowering, non-judgemental way, to deepen understanding, identify choices and enable change. I believe that our early relationships and experiences have a profound impact on how we feel and behave, and on what we believe about ourselves and the world around us. Having counselling will enable you to rediscover yourself in a safe place, where you can go at your own pace and allow yourself to release your true emotions that you may have locked away but are causing anxiety or distress.
01292 433101 View 01292 433101
Photo of Mona-Karina Theodosius, Psychotherapist in Bingley, England
Mona-Karina Theodosius
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
People come to talk to me for lots of reasons. Sometimes there is a defined problem, it may be longstanding or recent; it may be related to a life event or something upcoming that is raising anxiety; there may be questions or difficulties in some key relationships, or at work; it may not be clear at all, but you are experiencing unease and wish to get to the bottom of why. Coming to talk to a trained and registered psychotherapist guarantees a secure, safe and confidential space in which to explore any or all of the above, alone, as a couple or in a family group.
People come to talk to me for lots of reasons. Sometimes there is a defined problem, it may be longstanding or recent; it may be related to a life event or something upcoming that is raising anxiety; there may be questions or difficulties in some key relationships, or at work; it may not be clear at all, but you are experiencing unease and wish to get to the bottom of why. Coming to talk to a trained and registered psychotherapist guarantees a secure, safe and confidential space in which to explore any or all of the above, alone, as a couple or in a family group.
01756 639056 View 01756 639056
Photo of Lucy Rushworth Counselling, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Lucy Rushworth Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bingley BD16
07527 376332 View 07527 376332

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Sarah McHugh, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Sarah McHugh
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Shipley BD17  (Online Only)
I am a BACP registered qualified counsellor and I aim to create a safe space where you can feel at ease as quickly as possible, so that you can talk freely, without judgement. I am an integrative therapist which means that the service I offer is tailor made to suit the needs of my clients as individuals. We aren’t one size fits all as individuals, so I very much believe in meeting you where you are at. An integrative counsellor or therapist utilses ideas from various counselling theories creating opportunies to meet an individuals needs.
I am a BACP registered qualified counsellor and I aim to create a safe space where you can feel at ease as quickly as possible, so that you can talk freely, without judgement. I am an integrative therapist which means that the service I offer is tailor made to suit the needs of my clients as individuals. We aren’t one size fits all as individuals, so I very much believe in meeting you where you are at. An integrative counsellor or therapist utilses ideas from various counselling theories creating opportunies to meet an individuals needs.
01274 033896 View 01274 033896
Photo of Kuldip Rai, Psychotherapist in Bingley, England
Kuldip Rai
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Shipley BD18
My warmest welcome, My name is Kuldip Rai an experienced Person-centered and Integrative counsellor which means I adapt to your needs in a safe and non-judgemental way. I speak 3 different languages, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi. Person centered couselling is an element focuses on you rather then the counsellor being the expert on yourself, aims to help you to reach your full potential.
My warmest welcome, My name is Kuldip Rai an experienced Person-centered and Integrative counsellor which means I adapt to your needs in a safe and non-judgemental way. I speak 3 different languages, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi. Person centered couselling is an element focuses on you rather then the counsellor being the expert on yourself, aims to help you to reach your full potential.
0113 467 9094 View 0113 467 9094
Photo of Sue Aspinall 07421327250, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Sue Aspinall 07421327250
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Bradford BD15
Hello. I am a fully qualified, experienced counsellor, EMDR therapist and supervisor. I work with a wide range of difficulties and also specialise in trauma. I have worked in the NHS and private practice for over 15 years (therapy and supervision). I'm qualified and trained in different models of therapy, meaning that I can adapt the way I work to suit your needs and your personality. I am passionate about psychological therapy as I have seen personally and professionally how powerful it can be.
Hello. I am a fully qualified, experienced counsellor, EMDR therapist and supervisor. I work with a wide range of difficulties and also specialise in trauma. I have worked in the NHS and private practice for over 15 years (therapy and supervision). I'm qualified and trained in different models of therapy, meaning that I can adapt the way I work to suit your needs and your personality. I am passionate about psychological therapy as I have seen personally and professionally how powerful it can be.
01274 987949 View 01274 987949
Photo of Wilma Agatha Asghar, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Wilma Agatha Asghar
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Bradford BD9  (Online Only)
I am a qualified Person Centred Counsellor, offering telephone and online sessions. Counselling is the opportunity to sort your thoughts; gives you time to work out what you really feel, the space to consider your options, and decide what you feel is best for you. People come for different reasons, but all wish the same outcomes; to be heard, be understood, feel better and find ways to enjoy their life.
I am a qualified Person Centred Counsellor, offering telephone and online sessions. Counselling is the opportunity to sort your thoughts; gives you time to work out what you really feel, the space to consider your options, and decide what you feel is best for you. People come for different reasons, but all wish the same outcomes; to be heard, be understood, feel better and find ways to enjoy their life.
01535 286050 View 01535 286050
Photo of Carol Metcalfe, Counsellor in Bingley, England
Carol Metcalfe
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Shipley BD18
I am a fully qualified Counsellor, i am an accredited member of the National Counselling Psychotherapy Society. (NCPS) I have always had a passion for helping others, and I have experience working with anxiety, depression, loss, bereavement and domestic abuse. I work with adults (18+) and my aim is to help clients overcome their struggles and develop self-understanding to enjoy a meaningful healthier, and happier future. I endeavour to create a safe space for clients to feel comfortable to be able to share things with me that are preventing them from moving forward.
I am a fully qualified Counsellor, i am an accredited member of the National Counselling Psychotherapy Society. (NCPS) I have always had a passion for helping others, and I have experience working with anxiety, depression, loss, bereavement and domestic abuse. I work with adults (18+) and my aim is to help clients overcome their struggles and develop self-understanding to enjoy a meaningful healthier, and happier future. I endeavour to create a safe space for clients to feel comfortable to be able to share things with me that are preventing them from moving forward.
01274 003807 View 01274 003807
Photo of Michelle Bradley, Psychotherapist in Bingley, England
Michelle Bradley
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Bradford BD2
Waitlist for new clients
I am a fully quaIified, experienced, accredited and insured therapist working in the Bradford 2 area close to the city centre. I offer supportive, non-judgemental and confidential help to individuals and couples looking to overcome problems and challenges in order to enjoy a healthier, happier future. My speciality is working at deeper levels to address the root causes of problems and issues for longer term results, primarily using the IFS model and EMDR.
I am a fully quaIified, experienced, accredited and insured therapist working in the Bradford 2 area close to the city centre. I offer supportive, non-judgemental and confidential help to individuals and couples looking to overcome problems and challenges in order to enjoy a healthier, happier future. My speciality is working at deeper levels to address the root causes of problems and issues for longer term results, primarily using the IFS model and EMDR.
01274 033902 View 01274 033902

See more therapy options for Bingley

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Bingley

10+

Average cost per session

£50

Counsellors in Bingley who prioritize treating:

86% Relationship Issues
86% Depression
86% Anxiety
79% Self Esteem
71% Bereavement
71% Stress
57% Parenting

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Cigna and Evernorth
67% Any/Out-of-network Insurance
67% AXA PPP

How Counsellors in Bingley see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Bingley?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.