Depression Counselling in Barnsley

Photo of Heather Howard-Thompson, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Heather Howard-Thompson
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnsley S75
I work with a range of conditions including stress, depression, anxiety disorders; trauma and PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), GAD (Generalised Anxiety Disorder), OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), Panic Disorder, BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder), Social Anxiety, Health Anxiety, relationship problems, work related issues etc.
I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist, EMDR and DBT Practitioner. My background is in mental health nursing (since 1997!). I have extensive experience in working with clients struggling with emotional regulation, anxiety, complex trauma and a range of common mental health problems. I am the founder and director of Yorkshire Psychotherapy Ltd, a private therapy practice and have a team of associates that work with children, adolescents and adults.
I work with a range of conditions including stress, depression, anxiety disorders; trauma and PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), GAD (Generalised Anxiety Disorder), OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder), Panic Disorder, BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder), Social Anxiety, Health Anxiety, relationship problems, work related issues etc.
I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist, EMDR and DBT Practitioner. My background is in mental health nursing (since 1997!). I have extensive experience in working with clients struggling with emotional regulation, anxiety, complex trauma and a range of common mental health problems. I am the founder and director of Yorkshire Psychotherapy Ltd, a private therapy practice and have a team of associates that work with children, adolescents and adults.
01226 337525 View 01226 337525
Photo of Natalie Kendall, MBBS, MBACP, Counsellor
Natalie Kendall
Counsellor, MBBS, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S73
I have years of experience of dealing with anxiety, depression and trauma.
Hello! Nice to meet you! I'm Natalie (Nat)—an integrative therapist based in Barnsley, South Yorkshire. Welcome to Spectrum Counselling. I am a registered member of the B.A.C.P. I offer a safe, kind, and non-judgmental counselling services. I embrace neurodiversity as I have years of personal and professional experience. ADHD, ADD, Autism, Dyslexia and other cognitive conditions (diagnosed and undiagnosed.) However, it is your experience that counts. It can be difficult to Reach out and I am here for you to listen and understand your needs.
I have years of experience of dealing with anxiety, depression and trauma.
Hello! Nice to meet you! I'm Natalie (Nat)—an integrative therapist based in Barnsley, South Yorkshire. Welcome to Spectrum Counselling. I am a registered member of the B.A.C.P. I offer a safe, kind, and non-judgmental counselling services. I embrace neurodiversity as I have years of personal and professional experience. ADHD, ADD, Autism, Dyslexia and other cognitive conditions (diagnosed and undiagnosed.) However, it is your experience that counts. It can be difficult to Reach out and I am here for you to listen and understand your needs.
01226 445164 View 01226 445164
Photo of Philip Anthony Carr, DCounsPsych, BACP, Psychotherapist
Philip Anthony Carr
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnsley S73  (Online Only)
Hello, My name is Philip. I work with developmental trauma and its associated symptoms, which can be wide ranging, from anxiety and depression, people pleasing and poor boundaries to poor emotional regulation and mood swings. Developmental capacities in childhood support us as adults to engage in relationships with others and to function well in the world, however if these capacities are impacted by our early relationships and environments then we may struggle to connect, maintain healthy boundaried relationships and regulate and enjoy our feeling states, we may be prone to anxiety or depression, periods of withdrawal or shutdown.
Hello, My name is Philip. I work with developmental trauma and its associated symptoms, which can be wide ranging, from anxiety and depression, people pleasing and poor boundaries to poor emotional regulation and mood swings. Developmental capacities in childhood support us as adults to engage in relationships with others and to function well in the world, however if these capacities are impacted by our early relationships and environments then we may struggle to connect, maintain healthy boundaried relationships and regulate and enjoy our feeling states, we may be prone to anxiety or depression, periods of withdrawal or shutdown.
01226 337558 View 01226 337558
Photo of undefined - South Yorkshire CBT and Counselling, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
South Yorkshire CBT and Counselling
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Barnsley GL7
Suffering from dehabilitating conditions such as depression, anxiety and low self esteem can have a devastating effect on your work and personal life. We can work with you to overcome issues such as; depression, OCD, PTSD, phobias, chronic pain, domestic abuse, intrusive or inappropriate thoughts, low self esteem and relationship issues. By helping you identify unhelpful thinking and behaviour patterns and make appropriate changes in these areas you can experience improvements and a greater sense of well-being in your day to day life.
Suffering from dehabilitating conditions such as depression, anxiety and low self esteem can have a devastating effect on your work and personal life. We can work with you to overcome issues such as; depression, OCD, PTSD, phobias, chronic pain, domestic abuse, intrusive or inappropriate thoughts, low self esteem and relationship issues. By helping you identify unhelpful thinking and behaviour patterns and make appropriate changes in these areas you can experience improvements and a greater sense of well-being in your day to day life.
0114 697 3544 View 0114 697 3544
Photo of undefined - Reflections Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Reflections Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S70
  I have many years experience and work with children, adults, adolescents, couples, groups and families with issues which can ultimately lead to confusion, anxiety and depression, difficult moods and behaviours.
Are you looking for a counsellor who has experience and can provide a confidential space for you to discuss issues which are affecting your everyday life? Do you need to talk to someone who understands what you mean and where you are coming from? If you would like to be more confident, productive and motivated and want help to change some aspects of your life, I am here to help you. I am also a Lifecoach and Supervisor of other health professionals and I use hypnotherapy, relaxation and mindfulness in my sessions.
  I have many years experience and work with children, adults, adolescents, couples, groups and families with issues which can ultimately lead to confusion, anxiety and depression, difficult moods and behaviours.
Are you looking for a counsellor who has experience and can provide a confidential space for you to discuss issues which are affecting your everyday life? Do you need to talk to someone who understands what you mean and where you are coming from? If you would like to be more confident, productive and motivated and want help to change some aspects of your life, I am here to help you. I am also a Lifecoach and Supervisor of other health professionals and I use hypnotherapy, relaxation and mindfulness in my sessions.
01302 976938 View 01302 976938
Photo of Juliett Barrott, MSc, ACC-AC, Counsellor
Juliett Barrott
Counsellor, MSc, ACC-AC
Verified Verified
Barnsley S71
My experience is of working with clients with a wide range of issues EG; depression, anxiety, anger, family and relationship issues, etc.
Hi my work with children and young people has enabled me to adopt a common sense approach. I practise Integrative Counselling, that means I use CBT, Person Centred, Pyschodynamic, etc, concepts. Which are the building blocks of thoughts and beliefs which affect how we feel. I understand the first step in seeking counselling is hard, if you have sought support, you may not know how to effect change it’s at this point we explore choices.
My experience is of working with clients with a wide range of issues EG; depression, anxiety, anger, family and relationship issues, etc.
Hi my work with children and young people has enabled me to adopt a common sense approach. I practise Integrative Counselling, that means I use CBT, Person Centred, Pyschodynamic, etc, concepts. Which are the building blocks of thoughts and beliefs which affect how we feel. I understand the first step in seeking counselling is hard, if you have sought support, you may not know how to effect change it’s at this point we explore choices.
0114 478 2540 View 0114 478 2540
Photo of Kelly Burnett, BACP, Counsellor
Kelly Burnett
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S70
Sometimes life can throw up unexpected challenges and we find that things that wouldn't normally bother us do. You may find yourself stuck, and unable to move forward; to make the change you so badly desire. It may be that you find yourself feeling anxious, depressed or stressed leaving you constantly worrying and struggling to sleep. Perhaps, you are having problems at work or in your relationships, or maybe you have suffered at the hands of others which impacts on your emotions and behaviours now. If any of this resonates with you, counselling can help develop the self-awareness you need and give you the tools to move you forward.
Sometimes life can throw up unexpected challenges and we find that things that wouldn't normally bother us do. You may find yourself stuck, and unable to move forward; to make the change you so badly desire. It may be that you find yourself feeling anxious, depressed or stressed leaving you constantly worrying and struggling to sleep. Perhaps, you are having problems at work or in your relationships, or maybe you have suffered at the hands of others which impacts on your emotions and behaviours now. If any of this resonates with you, counselling can help develop the self-awareness you need and give you the tools to move you forward.
01924 950182 View 01924 950182
Photo of Beverly James, MBACP, Counsellor
Beverly James
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnsley S70
I have supported clients from a range of ages and backgrounds, working with issues including anxiety, depression, stress, self-esteem, anger, loneliness, relationships, domestic / sexual abuse, loss and trauma.
It can sometimes seem worrying to share your deepest, most personal thoughts and feelings. I'm here to offer a warm, welcoming and confidential therapeutic space where you will have your time to talk and where hopefully we can build a trusting therapeutic relationship, one in which you can feel comfortable to share your worries and thoughts. Every client and every therapeutic process is different and I will always value you as a unique individual, with the utmost respect for the journey you have navigated and the place you find yourself in now.
I have supported clients from a range of ages and backgrounds, working with issues including anxiety, depression, stress, self-esteem, anger, loneliness, relationships, domestic / sexual abuse, loss and trauma.
It can sometimes seem worrying to share your deepest, most personal thoughts and feelings. I'm here to offer a warm, welcoming and confidential therapeutic space where you will have your time to talk and where hopefully we can build a trusting therapeutic relationship, one in which you can feel comfortable to share your worries and thoughts. Every client and every therapeutic process is different and I will always value you as a unique individual, with the utmost respect for the journey you have navigated and the place you find yourself in now.
01709 288852 View 01709 288852
Photo of Jan Chappell, MBACP, Counsellor
Jan Chappell
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnsley S71  (Online Only)
Hello my name is Jan , I am pleased to meet you. I believe that we all have the answers within ourselves but sometimes we need a little help and support to understand our thoughts ,feelings and behaviours .People seek counselling for many reasons : anxiety , depression , relationship issues, bereavement and loss , low self esteem and lack of confidence . I am offering you a safe therapeutic , confidential space .I will be there to guide you on your unique journey of growth.
Hello my name is Jan , I am pleased to meet you. I believe that we all have the answers within ourselves but sometimes we need a little help and support to understand our thoughts ,feelings and behaviours .People seek counselling for many reasons : anxiety , depression , relationship issues, bereavement and loss , low self esteem and lack of confidence . I am offering you a safe therapeutic , confidential space .I will be there to guide you on your unique journey of growth.
01226 445308 View 01226 445308
Photo of undefined - Rebecca's Counselling Solutions , MBACP, Counsellor
Rebecca's Counselling Solutions
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnsley S70
I work with a variety of people, adults children and couples, who may have emotional issues, whether they are struggling with feelings of anxiety, depression, or coping with loss or death, I work with clients who are neurodivergent.
There are lots of reasons why someone may come for counselling. It may be that they are trying to come to terms with a loss or are finding it difficult to cope with the stresses of everyday life. It could be their past is affecting daily life. You may be experiencing difficulties in your relationships or having sexual problems. This could be erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation, vaginismus, painful sex or loss of desire. I am Kink-friendly and aware. As a skilled integrative Therapist, I offer a safe, supportive and non-judgmental space to explore difficulties in a confidential environment.
I work with a variety of people, adults children and couples, who may have emotional issues, whether they are struggling with feelings of anxiety, depression, or coping with loss or death, I work with clients who are neurodivergent.
There are lots of reasons why someone may come for counselling. It may be that they are trying to come to terms with a loss or are finding it difficult to cope with the stresses of everyday life. It could be their past is affecting daily life. You may be experiencing difficulties in your relationships or having sexual problems. This could be erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation, vaginismus, painful sex or loss of desire. I am Kink-friendly and aware. As a skilled integrative Therapist, I offer a safe, supportive and non-judgmental space to explore difficulties in a confidential environment.
01226 445300 View 01226 445300
Photo of Paul A Green, MBACP, Counsellor
Paul A Green
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S70
Therapeutic services ranges from DBT,Complex trauma, Behavioural therapy- Anxiety, Depression, Anger management, Abuse, Inner child trauma therapy, Couples and relationship counselling, Substance and Addiction abuse, Christian counselling or Spiritual and Holistic Care.
My role, as a psychodynamic therapist, is to provide an environment that is confidential and safe. This is why I do what I do. I provide an outside perspective to help you understand how your past influences present behaviours; your use of defences to avoid reality and awareness of how unconscious reoccurrence operates in your life. With your assistance my aim is to develop different strategies in making better choices to existing problems and explore beliefs of past feelings, memories. This doesn’t mean all your life is broken, but certain grey areas compromising the relationships you’re having with self and others.
Therapeutic services ranges from DBT,Complex trauma, Behavioural therapy- Anxiety, Depression, Anger management, Abuse, Inner child trauma therapy, Couples and relationship counselling, Substance and Addiction abuse, Christian counselling or Spiritual and Holistic Care.
My role, as a psychodynamic therapist, is to provide an environment that is confidential and safe. This is why I do what I do. I provide an outside perspective to help you understand how your past influences present behaviours; your use of defences to avoid reality and awareness of how unconscious reoccurrence operates in your life. With your assistance my aim is to develop different strategies in making better choices to existing problems and explore beliefs of past feelings, memories. This doesn’t mean all your life is broken, but certain grey areas compromising the relationships you’re having with self and others.
01226 610188 View 01226 610188
Photo of Sally Moore, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Sally Moore
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Barnsley S70
Are you experiencing any of the following: anxiety, depression, PTSD symptoms, or phobias? Perhaps you are wanting to work out why patterns keep repeating in your relationships, or maybe you are a couple wanting to improve communication and intimacy. I am counsellor and trauma therapist, offering therapy to individuals, couples and groups. My main approach is a type of therapy called Transactional Analysis, which can be used to help us to understand ourselves and our relationships better, and find ways to make the changes we want. I also offer EMDR, a NICE approved therapy, for PTSD, Phobias, Anxiety, and many other issues.
Are you experiencing any of the following: anxiety, depression, PTSD symptoms, or phobias? Perhaps you are wanting to work out why patterns keep repeating in your relationships, or maybe you are a couple wanting to improve communication and intimacy. I am counsellor and trauma therapist, offering therapy to individuals, couples and groups. My main approach is a type of therapy called Transactional Analysis, which can be used to help us to understand ourselves and our relationships better, and find ways to make the changes we want. I also offer EMDR, a NICE approved therapy, for PTSD, Phobias, Anxiety, and many other issues.
0114 478 2078 View 0114 478 2078
Photo of Michelle Williams, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Michelle Williams
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnsley S70
I have experience of helping clients through a variety of difficulties including anxiety, depression, gender dysphoria, bereavement, childhood, trauma, relationship issues, and family breakdown.
Whether you are struggling to cope with a new challenge, or stuck in the loop of old one, it can be helpful to talk through with someone who knows how to truly listen and how to support you through difficult times. It isn’t always possible to talk with friends and family and the burden can be too much for you to bear on you own. Whatever it is that is troubling you, finding a space which is free of judgement and open to possibility can be transformative. I offer such a space and use my expertise to help you to make sense of what is troubling you.
I have experience of helping clients through a variety of difficulties including anxiety, depression, gender dysphoria, bereavement, childhood, trauma, relationship issues, and family breakdown.
Whether you are struggling to cope with a new challenge, or stuck in the loop of old one, it can be helpful to talk through with someone who knows how to truly listen and how to support you through difficult times. It isn’t always possible to talk with friends and family and the burden can be too much for you to bear on you own. Whatever it is that is troubling you, finding a space which is free of judgement and open to possibility can be transformative. I offer such a space and use my expertise to help you to make sense of what is troubling you.
01226 448137 View 01226 448137
Photo of Nicola Emsley Emdr, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap., Psychotherapist
Nicola Emsley Emdr
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap.
Verified Verified
Barnsley S75
Please contact me via email as a first port of call so we can arrange a telephone call. Are experiences from your past currently limiting your present and your future? Are you struggling to achieve your potential due to the constant management of anxiety, depression, stress and relational difficulties? I integrate approaches such as EMDR, mindfulness, sensorimotor or body-based work and psychoeducation to help my clients better understand where their difficulties have come from, how to manage and reduce symptoms and finally to process the trauma they are carrying from the past. If this sounds like it could help you, please read on.
Please contact me via email as a first port of call so we can arrange a telephone call. Are experiences from your past currently limiting your present and your future? Are you struggling to achieve your potential due to the constant management of anxiety, depression, stress and relational difficulties? I integrate approaches such as EMDR, mindfulness, sensorimotor or body-based work and psychoeducation to help my clients better understand where their difficulties have come from, how to manage and reduce symptoms and finally to process the trauma they are carrying from the past. If this sounds like it could help you, please read on.
0113 467 9000 View 0113 467 9000
Photo of undefined - Lynda Mayall Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Lynda Mayall Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S72
I qualified in 1992 and since that time I have had the great privilege to work alongside many clients seeking help with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, anger issues, low self esteem, confidence issues, OCD, ADHD. I have also worked with survivors of physical, sexual and emotional abuse as well as those who have been in a narcissistic relationship. I work with adults singularly and with couples. I am a specialist ADHD therapist with 10 years experience working with adults from newly diagnosed to those diagnosed in childhood. I work face to face and via Zoom Skype Face Time WhatsApp.
I qualified in 1992 and since that time I have had the great privilege to work alongside many clients seeking help with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, anger issues, low self esteem, confidence issues, OCD, ADHD. I have also worked with survivors of physical, sexual and emotional abuse as well as those who have been in a narcissistic relationship. I work with adults singularly and with couples. I am a specialist ADHD therapist with 10 years experience working with adults from newly diagnosed to those diagnosed in childhood. I work face to face and via Zoom Skype Face Time WhatsApp.
01274 033429 View 01274 033429
Photo of Magdalena Szczurek, MBACP, Counsellor
Magdalena Szczurek
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S71
I offer a safe and supportive therapy in confidential settings for Adults, Teenagers and Couples where we can explore any difficulties, distress which you may be experiencing or even dissatisfaction with life. I provide emotional support to those who suffer with all types of mental and domestic health distress (depression, anxiety and stress), relationship issues, trauma, suicide, self-harm as a result have lost their self-confidence and self-worth.I also offer support and guidance for couples who struggle with everyday stress in their lives which could have negative impacts on their relationship, lack of communication and intimacy.
I offer a safe and supportive therapy in confidential settings for Adults, Teenagers and Couples where we can explore any difficulties, distress which you may be experiencing or even dissatisfaction with life. I provide emotional support to those who suffer with all types of mental and domestic health distress (depression, anxiety and stress), relationship issues, trauma, suicide, self-harm as a result have lost their self-confidence and self-worth.I also offer support and guidance for couples who struggle with everyday stress in their lives which could have negative impacts on their relationship, lack of communication and intimacy.
01924 950195 View 01924 950195
Photo of undefined - TR Counselling & Supervision Service. , MBACP, Counsellor
TR Counselling & Supervision Service.
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S70
I am experienced in many areas these include Anxiety, Panic Attacks, Depression, Stress, Trauma OCD and many other areas not listed.
Welcome to my profile page. I am a Person-Centred Counsellor and Supervisor with over 20 years' experience. I work with and integrated approach which means I use several other counselling approaches within my work to help you to reach your goals. These include Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Coach-Therapy and Solution Focussed Therapy, these approaches may help you to develop better coping strategies. I work face-to-face and online using video call on Skype, WhatsApp or other platforms. I work with adults and adolescence aged 11 years and up. Young people often value been able to talk through their feelings in private.
I am experienced in many areas these include Anxiety, Panic Attacks, Depression, Stress, Trauma OCD and many other areas not listed.
Welcome to my profile page. I am a Person-Centred Counsellor and Supervisor with over 20 years' experience. I work with and integrated approach which means I use several other counselling approaches within my work to help you to reach your goals. These include Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). Coach-Therapy and Solution Focussed Therapy, these approaches may help you to develop better coping strategies. I work face-to-face and online using video call on Skype, WhatsApp or other platforms. I work with adults and adolescence aged 11 years and up. Young people often value been able to talk through their feelings in private.
01709 911935 View 01709 911935
Photo of undefined - Jeana Hallas at Barnsley Hypnosis & Counselling, MSc, MNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
Jeana Hallas at Barnsley Hypnosis & Counselling
Psychotherapist, MSc, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Barnsley S71
Most clients contact us with surface negative symptoms or challenges. Every client is totally unique, therefore our truly one-off, made-to-measure approach is needed and always provided. Most clients help us to slowly identify the real current trigger(s), creating the negative presenting symptoms or challenges. Finally, our last step in helping you gain a positive, confident and happier future, is to discover your deepest root causes, which created the very first trigger(s). To put it simply, our driving force from day one is to help you quickly ensure you gain much improved: thinking, feeling and behaviour.
Most clients contact us with surface negative symptoms or challenges. Every client is totally unique, therefore our truly one-off, made-to-measure approach is needed and always provided. Most clients help us to slowly identify the real current trigger(s), creating the negative presenting symptoms or challenges. Finally, our last step in helping you gain a positive, confident and happier future, is to discover your deepest root causes, which created the very first trigger(s). To put it simply, our driving force from day one is to help you quickly ensure you gain much improved: thinking, feeling and behaviour.
01226 337420 View 01226 337420
Photo of Tracy Simpson, MBACP, Counsellor
Tracy Simpson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S70
I am an experienced BACP registered counsellor and supervisor, with 15 yrs in private practice in Barnsley, South Yorkshire. I accept private clients including BUPA & AVIVA face-to-face or online. I believe that you deserve to live a life that leaves you excited to wake up every morning, free of emotional pain and distress. Your story is not trivial, and I’m ready to listen and help you find the answers you need and support you with the appropriate coping mechanisms.
I am an experienced BACP registered counsellor and supervisor, with 15 yrs in private practice in Barnsley, South Yorkshire. I accept private clients including BUPA & AVIVA face-to-face or online. I believe that you deserve to live a life that leaves you excited to wake up every morning, free of emotional pain and distress. Your story is not trivial, and I’m ready to listen and help you find the answers you need and support you with the appropriate coping mechanisms.
01226 448214 View 01226 448214
Photo of Mary Attwood, DCounsPsych, MBACP, Counsellor
Mary Attwood
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnsley S71  (Online Only)
Are you trying to make sense of your life right now, and don't understand what's happening or why you're not coping so well with every day life? Perhaps you feel alone from a loss or breakdown of a relationship. There could be events from your past that interfere in your life today, do you wish to explore and understand why this is happening? Maybe your emotions are becoming increasingly difficult to cope with. Are you finding your relationship with family or friends difficult or strained or perhaps you'd like to feel more confident. These are some of the challenges we face and perhaps you would like some help to overcome these.
Are you trying to make sense of your life right now, and don't understand what's happening or why you're not coping so well with every day life? Perhaps you feel alone from a loss or breakdown of a relationship. There could be events from your past that interfere in your life today, do you wish to explore and understand why this is happening? Maybe your emotions are becoming increasingly difficult to cope with. Are you finding your relationship with family or friends difficult or strained or perhaps you'd like to feel more confident. These are some of the challenges we face and perhaps you would like some help to overcome these.
01787 323190 View 01787 323190

See more therapy options for Barnsley

Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.