Counselling in Alresford

Photo of Catherine Ann Hughes, MSc, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Catherine Ann Hughes
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Alresford SO24
I offer a confidential, safe space to talk about those issues that are currently causing you concern and emotional pain. It can help to talk to an independent, qualified person when we have run out of ways of helping ourselves. It may be that you feel that you keep repeating the same mistakes in relationships or you can't find the enthusiasm to make the most of life, or problems such as anxiety and low self esteem are holding you back. You may feel that you would like to have greater insight into who you are or work out how you want your life to be.
I offer a confidential, safe space to talk about those issues that are currently causing you concern and emotional pain. It can help to talk to an independent, qualified person when we have run out of ways of helping ourselves. It may be that you feel that you keep repeating the same mistakes in relationships or you can't find the enthusiasm to make the most of life, or problems such as anxiety and low self esteem are holding you back. You may feel that you would like to have greater insight into who you are or work out how you want your life to be.
01962 674491 View 01962 674491
Photo of Dave Davidson, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Dave Davidson
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
Many people come to therapy needing support but not being sure how therapy can help. Life may have become difficult to cope with or feel unhappily limited. You may be seeking to understand why things are the way they are; you may be uncertain about what changes are needed, or your capacity to make them; perhaps you just need to talk to someone not directly involved in your situation. My approach is designed to meet all of these concerns, beginning with supportive listening, facilitating insight into your situation, and ultimately supporting you to grow and nurture your inner resources to meet the challenges you face.
Many people come to therapy needing support but not being sure how therapy can help. Life may have become difficult to cope with or feel unhappily limited. You may be seeking to understand why things are the way they are; you may be uncertain about what changes are needed, or your capacity to make them; perhaps you just need to talk to someone not directly involved in your situation. My approach is designed to meet all of these concerns, beginning with supportive listening, facilitating insight into your situation, and ultimately supporting you to grow and nurture your inner resources to meet the challenges you face.
07480 802514 View 07480 802514
Photo of Lucy Clarke, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Lucy Clarke
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
There are many reasons why we may find ourselves considering accessing counselling support throughout our lives. You may have a clear sense of the support you are looking for and the difficulties you are facing. Alternatively, you may just feel in your gut that something is not right. Perhaps you are realising that having a better understanding of yourself, your relationships and the impact of your environment would help you live a more fulfilled life. I am experienced in working with a wide range of issues from anxiety, stress, trauma and grief to confusing thoughts, life transitions, depression and difficulties in relationships.
There are many reasons why we may find ourselves considering accessing counselling support throughout our lives. You may have a clear sense of the support you are looking for and the difficulties you are facing. Alternatively, you may just feel in your gut that something is not right. Perhaps you are realising that having a better understanding of yourself, your relationships and the impact of your environment would help you live a more fulfilled life. I am experienced in working with a wide range of issues from anxiety, stress, trauma and grief to confusing thoughts, life transitions, depression and difficulties in relationships.
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Photo of Drew Maxfield, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Drew Maxfield
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Drew and I am a fully qualified and BABCP accredited CBT therapist. I have worked in the NHS for almost 10 years and qualified as a CBT therapist 7 years ago. I always provide evidence based treatment, which is individualised for the person I am supporting. I have a special interest in working with complex trauma and low self esteem. I also make sure I deliver a therapeutic approach that is empathic and compassionate in order to allow a safe place for people to work through their difficulties. I abide by the policies and ethical standards laid down by the BABCP and I have full professional indemnity insurance.
Hello, my name is Drew and I am a fully qualified and BABCP accredited CBT therapist. I have worked in the NHS for almost 10 years and qualified as a CBT therapist 7 years ago. I always provide evidence based treatment, which is individualised for the person I am supporting. I have a special interest in working with complex trauma and low self esteem. I also make sure I deliver a therapeutic approach that is empathic and compassionate in order to allow a safe place for people to work through their difficulties. I abide by the policies and ethical standards laid down by the BABCP and I have full professional indemnity insurance.
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Photo of Candice Collins, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Candice Collins
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
I specialise in working with couples and individuals, and regularly work with clients in areas including: communication, affairs and infidelity, blended families, bereavement (loss and grief), embedded trauma, depression and anxiety. In my practice, I endeavour to work with clients in an empathic, collaborative and non-judgemental way. My integrated approach uses systemic theory (including exploring your thought processes and present situation) and psychodynamic theory (historical exploration linking to unconscious thoughts and behaviour). I also apply aspects of emotionally-focused therapy (EFT); and trauma focused therapies.
I specialise in working with couples and individuals, and regularly work with clients in areas including: communication, affairs and infidelity, blended families, bereavement (loss and grief), embedded trauma, depression and anxiety. In my practice, I endeavour to work with clients in an empathic, collaborative and non-judgemental way. My integrated approach uses systemic theory (including exploring your thought processes and present situation) and psychodynamic theory (historical exploration linking to unconscious thoughts and behaviour). I also apply aspects of emotionally-focused therapy (EFT); and trauma focused therapies.
023 8202 8098 View 023 8202 8098
Photo of Tammy J Rowan, MBACP, Counsellor
Tammy J Rowan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Alresford SO24  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome! I offer confidential, caring and compassionate counselling to adults who want support, direction or new life skills to cope better. I am a UK registered counsellor and use a Person-Centred approach which means I believe in your ability to make your own choices and in your potential to grow. I work along side you to help you develop your strengths and embrace your challenges. I have helped clients over the past ten years with various issues including: relationships, family conflict, depression, anxiety, trauma, life transitions, sexuality, stress, self-esteem, neurodiversity and mental health.
Hello and welcome! I offer confidential, caring and compassionate counselling to adults who want support, direction or new life skills to cope better. I am a UK registered counsellor and use a Person-Centred approach which means I believe in your ability to make your own choices and in your potential to grow. I work along side you to help you develop your strengths and embrace your challenges. I have helped clients over the past ten years with various issues including: relationships, family conflict, depression, anxiety, trauma, life transitions, sexuality, stress, self-esteem, neurodiversity and mental health.
01962 589974 View 01962 589974
Photo of Sarah Wilson - Umid , MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Umid
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
Umid is a multi-disciplinary mental health practice in Alresford, Hampshire. Our team includes a Consultant Adult Psychiatrist, various accredited Psychological Therapists and Occupational Therapists. Umid specialises in providing person-centred, holistic, and compassionate care to children, adolescents, and adults; in person and via secure video link. Our team offer specialist adult psychiatric assessment and treatment, multidisplinary autism assessment (across the lifespan), ADHD assessment and medication titration (18 plus), psychological and occupational therapy (across the lifespan)
Umid is a multi-disciplinary mental health practice in Alresford, Hampshire. Our team includes a Consultant Adult Psychiatrist, various accredited Psychological Therapists and Occupational Therapists. Umid specialises in providing person-centred, holistic, and compassionate care to children, adolescents, and adults; in person and via secure video link. Our team offer specialist adult psychiatric assessment and treatment, multidisplinary autism assessment (across the lifespan), ADHD assessment and medication titration (18 plus), psychological and occupational therapy (across the lifespan)
01962 589163 View 01962 589163
Photo of Danni Findlay, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Danni Findlay
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
The last few years have been a real strain for many people. Perhaps you don't feel right, your relationships might be suffering, you may feel exhausted from trying to maintain a positive side. Maybe you keep doing the same things over and over but cannot seem to break the cycle. I believe we all have the capacity to help ourselves through much of this but, in an increasingly complex and busy life where we are ‘always on’, there often feels like there's little time available to focus on 'me'. Counselling gives you the valuable space and time to find your way in a supported and non-judgmental environment.
The last few years have been a real strain for many people. Perhaps you don't feel right, your relationships might be suffering, you may feel exhausted from trying to maintain a positive side. Maybe you keep doing the same things over and over but cannot seem to break the cycle. I believe we all have the capacity to help ourselves through much of this but, in an increasingly complex and busy life where we are ‘always on’, there often feels like there's little time available to focus on 'me'. Counselling gives you the valuable space and time to find your way in a supported and non-judgmental environment.
01962 673504 View 01962 673504
Photo of Hannah Diamond, MBACP, Counsellor
Hannah Diamond
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
I am a qualified counsellor who offers a confidential, safe, and non-judgmental space for you to explore your feelings and emotions about any difficulties you are experiencing in your life. I understand that life can be difficult; we can all feel overwhelmed at times and in need of support. I am passionate about helping people and empowering them to grow and develop to their full potential. Whatever you are going through, I am here to help.
I am a qualified counsellor who offers a confidential, safe, and non-judgmental space for you to explore your feelings and emotions about any difficulties you are experiencing in your life. I understand that life can be difficult; we can all feel overwhelmed at times and in need of support. I am passionate about helping people and empowering them to grow and develop to their full potential. Whatever you are going through, I am here to help.
01420 557538 View 01420 557538
Photo of Dr Caroline Gashe - Eleos Psychology, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Eleos Psychology
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
ADHD, AUTISM and Cognitive Assessments. We are experienced in working with Neurodiversity, diagnosing ADHD and Autism. We offer Autism, ADHD and Cognitive assessment and more.
ADHD, AUTISM and Cognitive Assessments. We are experienced in working with Neurodiversity, diagnosing ADHD and Autism. We offer Autism, ADHD and Cognitive assessment and more.
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Photo of Bee Hale - Bee Hale Counselling, BACP, Counsellor
Bee Hale Counselling
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Alresford SO24
Do you feel anxious, depressed or worried? Maybe you have concerns within your relationship or your family? Are you finding it hard to cope, feeling no one understands you? Do you feel alone with your worries? Our life is an ever evolving journey. Everyone experiences ups and also downs from time to time as we travel along. Occasionally we might find ourselves struggling, or even stuck... unable to move forward in the way that we wish to. ​ Talking to friends or family may be difficult for you for various reasons. At times like these, it can be helpful to talk to a trained professional who is unbiased and uninvolved. ​
Do you feel anxious, depressed or worried? Maybe you have concerns within your relationship or your family? Are you finding it hard to cope, feeling no one understands you? Do you feel alone with your worries? Our life is an ever evolving journey. Everyone experiences ups and also downs from time to time as we travel along. Occasionally we might find ourselves struggling, or even stuck... unable to move forward in the way that we wish to. ​ Talking to friends or family may be difficult for you for various reasons. At times like these, it can be helpful to talk to a trained professional who is unbiased and uninvolved. ​
07449 458793 View 07449 458793
Photo of Carly Crawford, MSc, UKCP Trainee, Counsellor
Carly Crawford
Counsellor, MSc, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
I believe passionately that everyone can benefit from empathetic, professional support, whether you're trying to improve your relationships, facing a life change or wanting to address past trauma. With my lower cost practice I aim to ensure it is accessible to everyone. I have worked in the field of mental health and well-being for many years, in charitable counselling services and in homeless, addiction and resettlement services. I currently work with an inner-city low cost counselling service and a specialist service for survivors of abuse, work I value highly because I believe everyone deserves support with mental wellness.
I believe passionately that everyone can benefit from empathetic, professional support, whether you're trying to improve your relationships, facing a life change or wanting to address past trauma. With my lower cost practice I aim to ensure it is accessible to everyone. I have worked in the field of mental health and well-being for many years, in charitable counselling services and in homeless, addiction and resettlement services. I currently work with an inner-city low cost counselling service and a specialist service for survivors of abuse, work I value highly because I believe everyone deserves support with mental wellness.
01962 671205 View 01962 671205
Photo of Lucy Solymar, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Lucy Solymar
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
My clients often feel painfully stuck in some way and that's why they come to me. Problems become overwhelming. For instance, being unhappy in a marriage; having a serious illness and dealing with its effects; feeling low and not understanding why; dealing with divorce; having problems with one's children and not being sure how to manage; wanting to move forward in life but just not managing somehow; work issues - struggles with colleagues, dissatisfaction with a career. Anxiety, depression and confusion usually accompany these challenging life situations.
My clients often feel painfully stuck in some way and that's why they come to me. Problems become overwhelming. For instance, being unhappy in a marriage; having a serious illness and dealing with its effects; feeling low and not understanding why; dealing with divorce; having problems with one's children and not being sure how to manage; wanting to move forward in life but just not managing somehow; work issues - struggles with colleagues, dissatisfaction with a career. Anxiety, depression and confusion usually accompany these challenging life situations.
07563 380070 View 07563 380070
Photo of Katharine Duchesne, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Katharine Duchesne
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Alresford GU34
Hello, I'm a fully qualified MBACP (Accred) Winchester based Therapist. I work with adults and couples and offer a warm and accepting space to explore feelings, thoughts and beliefs. Together we can work through the challenges you face so you feel able to move towards living a life that feels more fulfilling.
Hello, I'm a fully qualified MBACP (Accred) Winchester based Therapist. I work with adults and couples and offer a warm and accepting space to explore feelings, thoughts and beliefs. Together we can work through the challenges you face so you feel able to move towards living a life that feels more fulfilling.
01962 587881 View 01962 587881
Photo of Graham Shavick, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Graham Shavick
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
Do you need help with relationship issues? Are you suffering from anxiety or depression? Are you struggling with stress in in your work or career? I provide a warm, caring, safe space for you to explore whatever you need. I also offer couples and family counselling, and coaching. Depending on what you need, we can work short term on specific issues, longer term in-depth psychotherapy, or coaching where I can help you achieve success and fulfilment in your personal or professional life. I find supporting people, helping them develop and grow particularly engaging and meaningful.
Do you need help with relationship issues? Are you suffering from anxiety or depression? Are you struggling with stress in in your work or career? I provide a warm, caring, safe space for you to explore whatever you need. I also offer couples and family counselling, and coaching. Depending on what you need, we can work short term on specific issues, longer term in-depth psychotherapy, or coaching where I can help you achieve success and fulfilment in your personal or professional life. I find supporting people, helping them develop and grow particularly engaging and meaningful.
01489 660530 View 01489 660530
Photo of Lynne Ball, MBACP, Counsellor
Lynne Ball
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Alresford SO24
Hello, my name is Lynne and I'm a professionally qualified counsellor and registered member of the British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Are you struggling to make sense of how you’re thinking and feeling or finding it difficult to express yourself in your relationships with others? Are you overwhelmed but feel you can’t burden anyone with your worries? If trying to cope is making you more anxious, depressed or causing problems in your relationships, you're not alone. We can all feel overwhelmed at times and in need of support but you don’t always have to struggle to work things out on your own.
Hello, my name is Lynne and I'm a professionally qualified counsellor and registered member of the British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Are you struggling to make sense of how you’re thinking and feeling or finding it difficult to express yourself in your relationships with others? Are you overwhelmed but feel you can’t burden anyone with your worries? If trying to cope is making you more anxious, depressed or causing problems in your relationships, you're not alone. We can all feel overwhelmed at times and in need of support but you don’t always have to struggle to work things out on your own.
01962 392385 View 01962 392385

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Helen Drysdale, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Helen Drysdale
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Alton GU34
Looking to make a real change? I offer a friendly, welcoming and safe environment in which to explore your concerns, identify their root causes, evolve your sense of self-worth and gain a greater sense of autonomy. I can help you view your life through a different lens and strengthen your ability to develop resilience when dealing with challenging circumstances. My counselling rooms are in Farnham, Surrey, with nearby parking facilities and links to public transport. I also offer counselling sessions via Zoom, WhatsApp and telephone and work with individuals aged 18 to 80+.
Looking to make a real change? I offer a friendly, welcoming and safe environment in which to explore your concerns, identify their root causes, evolve your sense of self-worth and gain a greater sense of autonomy. I can help you view your life through a different lens and strengthen your ability to develop resilience when dealing with challenging circumstances. My counselling rooms are in Farnham, Surrey, with nearby parking facilities and links to public transport. I also offer counselling sessions via Zoom, WhatsApp and telephone and work with individuals aged 18 to 80+.
01252 988518 View 01252 988518
Photo of Selene Maher - Selene Maher Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
Selene Maher Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hook RG29
In my experience, people make the decision to come to counselling for many reasons, and I understand that it can feel very daunting to embark on a journey of this kind. I have a number of years experience of working with individuals with a range of issues including anxiety, depression, stress, anger, loss and bereavement, addictive behaviours, as well as family/work/relationship issues. I believe that just being able to talk about your thoughts and feelings can often bring great relief, and this experience can be life changing.
In my experience, people make the decision to come to counselling for many reasons, and I understand that it can feel very daunting to embark on a journey of this kind. I have a number of years experience of working with individuals with a range of issues including anxiety, depression, stress, anger, loss and bereavement, addictive behaviours, as well as family/work/relationship issues. I believe that just being able to talk about your thoughts and feelings can often bring great relief, and this experience can be life changing.
07380 336737 View 07380 336737
Photo of Andy Wareham, MBACP, Counsellor
Andy Wareham
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Basingstoke RG25
I specialise in anxiety, depression, addiction, childhood trauma and I'm neuro affirming, with experience of working with a number of neurodivergent clients. I provide a safe, calm, confidential and reflective space for you to explore any difficulties you are experiencing. At the heart of my approach is the belief that together we can create awareness of what is causing your current discomfort. I can then support you in making the changes necessary to help restore greater balance and increased wellbeing. I offer a free 15 minute telephone appointment to help you decide if I'm the right counsellor for you.
I specialise in anxiety, depression, addiction, childhood trauma and I'm neuro affirming, with experience of working with a number of neurodivergent clients. I provide a safe, calm, confidential and reflective space for you to explore any difficulties you are experiencing. At the heart of my approach is the belief that together we can create awareness of what is causing your current discomfort. I can then support you in making the changes necessary to help restore greater balance and increased wellbeing. I offer a free 15 minute telephone appointment to help you decide if I'm the right counsellor for you.
01962 587254 View 01962 587254
Photo of Sally King, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Sally King
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Petersfield GU31
You may be experiencing anxiety or depression. This could be due to the impact of past experiences or trauma, or it could be that you are going through a period of change or transition. This may lead to feelings that can be punishing and confusing to cope with by yourself. I offer a non-judgmental and compassionate space where you can explore and express your feelings however difficult they may feel.
You may be experiencing anxiety or depression. This could be due to the impact of past experiences or trauma, or it could be that you are going through a period of change or transition. This may lead to feelings that can be punishing and confusing to cope with by yourself. I offer a non-judgmental and compassionate space where you can explore and express your feelings however difficult they may feel.
020 3818 5962 View 020 3818 5962

See more therapy options for Alresford

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Alresford

10+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in Alresford who prioritize treating:

94% Depression
94% Anxiety
88% Relationship Issues
88% Self Esteem
81% Bereavement
81% Stress
75% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

60% AXA PPP
60% WPA
40% Aviva

How Counsellors in Alresford see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Alresford?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.