Vicky Mould
Counsellor, MNCS Prof Accred Verified
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I've also worked with many people impacted by domestic abuse, depression, anxiety and other mental health issues.
We all go through tough times, yet you might not feel supported in what you're going through or have access to the right kind of support. Welcome, I'm Vicky Mould, and I can offer a safe, trusting and non-judgemental space where you can be yourself and explore thoughts, feelings and experiences that may be troubling you and difficult to voice to others. I can listen attentively to help you feel genuinely heard and understood, get a fresh perspective on things and develop your self-awareness. I can work with you to build confidence and trust in your strengths and inner resources and make choices and changes you may wish to make.
023 8235 6091
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I've also worked with many people impacted by domestic abuse, depression, anxiety and other mental health issues.
We all go through tough times, yet you might not feel supported in what you're going through or have access to the right kind of support. Welcome, I'm Vicky Mould, and I can offer a safe, trusting and non-judgemental space where you can be yourself and explore thoughts, feelings and experiences that may be troubling you and difficult to voice to others. I can listen attentively to help you feel genuinely heard and understood, get a fresh perspective on things and develop your self-awareness. I can work with you to build confidence and trust in your strengths and inner resources and make choices and changes you may wish to make.
Photo of Tracey Purvis Counselling, Counsellor
Tracey Purvis Counselling
Counsellor, BACP Verified
Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
I work with adults of all ages who may be experiencing stress, depression, anxiety, grief, relationship or job issues. I understand that looking for a counsellor can be a daunting process and you may not know what you are looking for, I can support you to explore this. If you are currently troubled by unwanted thoughts, having difficulty getting motivated, or feel that you are not getting what you want out of life or relationships, then counselling may be of benefit to you. Counselling can also be preventative, you don’t need to wait until you are struggling, it can be part of your self-care and mental health maintenance.
023 8235 6409
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
I work with adults of all ages who may be experiencing stress, depression, anxiety, grief, relationship or job issues. I understand that looking for a counsellor can be a daunting process and you may not know what you are looking for, I can support you to explore this. If you are currently troubled by unwanted thoughts, having difficulty getting motivated, or feel that you are not getting what you want out of life or relationships, then counselling may be of benefit to you. Counselling can also be preventative, you don’t need to wait until you are struggling, it can be part of your self-care and mental health maintenance.
Photo of S Maidment Counselling, Counsellor
S Maidment Counselling
Counsellor, MNCS Accred Verified
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I have experience of working with depression, suicidal ideation, self harm, anxiety, anger, family breakdown, loss and bereavement, fears of the future, stress, bullying, sexuality, gender identity and substance misuse.
***Please check your ‘junk’ folder for email replies*** I have experience of helping many people on varying subjects. If you feel like you have a lot on your mind, no one to just listen to you, or are struggling to sleep; Perhaps you want to feel more confident and respected or to get out of the rut you feel you're in; Maybe you're not sure ‘who you are’ or what it means to be happy or are finding work or studying boring or too challenging. Lets work together to find a way forward.
07751 540923
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I have experience of working with depression, suicidal ideation, self harm, anxiety, anger, family breakdown, loss and bereavement, fears of the future, stress, bullying, sexuality, gender identity and substance misuse.
***Please check your ‘junk’ folder for email replies*** I have experience of helping many people on varying subjects. If you feel like you have a lot on your mind, no one to just listen to you, or are struggling to sleep; Perhaps you want to feel more confident and respected or to get out of the rut you feel you're in; Maybe you're not sure ‘who you are’ or what it means to be happy or are finding work or studying boring or too challenging. Lets work together to find a way forward.
Lenka Cassidy
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
For individual clients, I can help with a wide range of issues, including anxiety, stress at work and at home, sadness and depression, self-harm, panic attacks, loss and bereavement, low confidence, relationship and family problems, abuse and traumatic experiences.
Hello and a warm welcome to my profile. I am a BACP (Reg) counsellor offering face-to-face, online and telephone counselling sessions from locations in Romsey and Eastleigh. I work with couples, adults and young people (16+). I deal with a wide range of issues including stress and anxiety, depression, self-harm, panic attacks, low self-confidence, work-related problems, relationship and family difficulties, abuse and traumatic experiences. I offer a free initial 20-minute consultation for individuals and a half-price hour-long assessment for couples.
023 8254 3906
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
For individual clients, I can help with a wide range of issues, including anxiety, stress at work and at home, sadness and depression, self-harm, panic attacks, loss and bereavement, low confidence, relationship and family problems, abuse and traumatic experiences.
Hello and a warm welcome to my profile. I am a BACP (Reg) counsellor offering face-to-face, online and telephone counselling sessions from locations in Romsey and Eastleigh. I work with couples, adults and young people (16+). I deal with a wide range of issues including stress and anxiety, depression, self-harm, panic attacks, low self-confidence, work-related problems, relationship and family difficulties, abuse and traumatic experiences. I offer a free initial 20-minute consultation for individuals and a half-price hour-long assessment for couples.
Photo of Michela Trainini, Counsellor
Michela Trainini
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
We all get stuck, from time to time. Sometimes it feels like we cannot move forward. It can be frustrating, constraining and painful. Yet there is energy behind every blockage, and looking at it from above – as if from a bridge – can be the first step to unlocking our potential. This is what I aim to offer to my clients, whether they are facing depression, anxiety, loss, recovering from trauma or going through a difficult transition. My approach is creative, in that it adapts to individual needs, and culturally sensitive, as it draws on my experience of transit and change. I practise in English and Italian. Face to face and online.
023 8235 6074
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
We all get stuck, from time to time. Sometimes it feels like we cannot move forward. It can be frustrating, constraining and painful. Yet there is energy behind every blockage, and looking at it from above – as if from a bridge – can be the first step to unlocking our potential. This is what I aim to offer to my clients, whether they are facing depression, anxiety, loss, recovering from trauma or going through a difficult transition. My approach is creative, in that it adapts to individual needs, and culturally sensitive, as it draws on my experience of transit and change. I practise in English and Italian. Face to face and online.
Photo of Vicky Drinkwater, Counsellor
Vicky Drinkwater
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I am a fully qualified Humanistic Gestalt counsellor providing a confidential and supportive safe space without any agenda or judgement for you to explore the difficulties you are experiencing and different parts of your life. I have training in CBT, Person-Centered therapy and have gained specialized training and experience in working with bereaved adults. I am experienced in dealing with anxiety, depression, loss and bereavement and have lots of experience in working with young people.
01489 358672
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I am a fully qualified Humanistic Gestalt counsellor providing a confidential and supportive safe space without any agenda or judgement for you to explore the difficulties you are experiencing and different parts of your life. I have training in CBT, Person-Centered therapy and have gained specialized training and experience in working with bereaved adults. I am experienced in dealing with anxiety, depression, loss and bereavement and have lots of experience in working with young people.
Photo of Cura Counselling, Psychotherapist
Cura Counselling
Psychotherapist, MA, MNCS Accred Verified
Eastleigh SO50
I have worked extensively with: depression, suicidal ideation, self harm, anxiety, anger, family breakdown, loss and bereavement, fears of the future, stress, bullying, sexuality, gender identity drug and alcohol misuse.
I've worked for several years as a therapist, having trained after leaving university in counselling and youth work. I have worked with children, young people and adults & can adapt my working style to the needs of each age group. I offer therapy from the age of 10. I strongly believe in the relationship between client and therapist as well as working hard to ensure that the therapy you receive is according to your needs and the way you feel comfortable working. I can offer a flexible service, offering appointments during the day and evenings. I offer both long and short term therapy.
01489 665870
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
I have worked extensively with: depression, suicidal ideation, self harm, anxiety, anger, family breakdown, loss and bereavement, fears of the future, stress, bullying, sexuality, gender identity drug and alcohol misuse.
I've worked for several years as a therapist, having trained after leaving university in counselling and youth work. I have worked with children, young people and adults & can adapt my working style to the needs of each age group. I offer therapy from the age of 10. I strongly believe in the relationship between client and therapist as well as working hard to ensure that the therapy you receive is according to your needs and the way you feel comfortable working. I can offer a flexible service, offering appointments during the day and evenings. I offer both long and short term therapy.
Photo of Changing Pages Counselling, Psychotherapist
Changing Pages Counselling
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred Verified
Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
If your life events or traumatic experiences have left you struggling, feeling stressed, anxious, depressed, having nightmares, unable to sleep or relax and you feel you are ready to talk, please call.
My name is Angeline, I am friendly, warm and approachable. I have been told I have a calm nature and I bring this to my approach in therapy. I believe that in the right environment it is possible to make positive changes in life. My own life experiences have prepared me for many of the issues that people bring to therapy. I have supported adults and young people with Post traumatic stress, anxiety and depression. I have many years experience in private practice with adults and adolescents and have worked alongside children services as a trauma therapist. also with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services as link worker.
01794 339779
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
If your life events or traumatic experiences have left you struggling, feeling stressed, anxious, depressed, having nightmares, unable to sleep or relax and you feel you are ready to talk, please call.
My name is Angeline, I am friendly, warm and approachable. I have been told I have a calm nature and I bring this to my approach in therapy. I believe that in the right environment it is possible to make positive changes in life. My own life experiences have prepared me for many of the issues that people bring to therapy. I have supported adults and young people with Post traumatic stress, anxiety and depression. I have many years experience in private practice with adults and adolescents and have worked alongside children services as a trauma therapist. also with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services as link worker.
Photo of Lynne Ball, Counsellor
Lynne Ball
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Hello, my name is Lynne and I'm a professionally qualified counsellor and registered member of the British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Are you struggling to make sense of how you’re thinking and feeling or finding it difficult to express yourself in your relationships with others? Are you overwhelmed but feel you can’t burden anyone with your worries? If trying to cope is making you more anxious, depressed or causing problems in your relationships, you're not alone. We can all feel overwhelmed at times and in need of support but you don’t always have to struggle to work things out on your own.
01962 392385
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Hello, my name is Lynne and I'm a professionally qualified counsellor and registered member of the British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Are you struggling to make sense of how you’re thinking and feeling or finding it difficult to express yourself in your relationships with others? Are you overwhelmed but feel you can’t burden anyone with your worries? If trying to cope is making you more anxious, depressed or causing problems in your relationships, you're not alone. We can all feel overwhelmed at times and in need of support but you don’t always have to struggle to work things out on your own.
Photo of Jan Gay, Counsellor
Jan Gay
Counsellor, MBACP Accred Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I can help with a wide range of issues including feeling anxious, low or depressed, finding it difficult to cope, relationship and family issues, bereavement, being worried or confused about your sexuality or gender, dealing with the effects of sexual, mental or physical abuse, lack of confidence, low self esteem, panic attacks, managing anger or frustration, difficulties at school, work or college, obsessive compulsive disorder, the impact of trauma, coping with change, worries about drinking or drug use, self harm, resolving 'unfinished business’ and compulsive behaviours. I am a qualified supervisor and accredited by the BACP.
023 8214 6397
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I can help with a wide range of issues including feeling anxious, low or depressed, finding it difficult to cope, relationship and family issues, bereavement, being worried or confused about your sexuality or gender, dealing with the effects of sexual, mental or physical abuse, lack of confidence, low self esteem, panic attacks, managing anger or frustration, difficulties at school, work or college, obsessive compulsive disorder, the impact of trauma, coping with change, worries about drinking or drug use, self harm, resolving 'unfinished business’ and compulsive behaviours. I am a qualified supervisor and accredited by the BACP.
Photo of Doris Prugel-Bennett, Psychotherapist
Doris Prugel-Bennett
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
You may experience problems in daily functioning, be it difficulties in private, intimate and/or work relationships, engaging in self-harming, symptoms of anxiety and/or depression, or have experienced physical or emotional trauma which continuously and seriously affect your life. Often experiences from the past and lack of tools can cause emotional tormoil and stress. Purely being human and experiencing fears for the future can push people to their limits. Psychotherapy is a safe and confidential space in which in which you are accompanied while exploring the issues that have not found a suitable space before.
023 8235 3274
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
You may experience problems in daily functioning, be it difficulties in private, intimate and/or work relationships, engaging in self-harming, symptoms of anxiety and/or depression, or have experienced physical or emotional trauma which continuously and seriously affect your life. Often experiences from the past and lack of tools can cause emotional tormoil and stress. Purely being human and experiencing fears for the future can push people to their limits. Psychotherapy is a safe and confidential space in which in which you are accompanied while exploring the issues that have not found a suitable space before.
Photo of Helen Young Counsellor, HY Counselling, Counsellor
Helen Young Counsellor, HY Counselling
Counsellor, MSc, BACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Are you suffering with stress, depression or anxiety? Are you unsettled since being in Lockdown? Do you have unresolved issues in your life that are holding you back? Perhaps talking to a counsellor is the move for you! I provide a friendly and professional counselling service and I am experienced in working with a range of presenting issues. One area that I specialise in is autism spectrum disorder and my sessions are autism friendly. I use psychological education and help you to normalise, understand and manage your experiences.
01329 756804
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Are you suffering with stress, depression or anxiety? Are you unsettled since being in Lockdown? Do you have unresolved issues in your life that are holding you back? Perhaps talking to a counsellor is the move for you! I provide a friendly and professional counselling service and I am experienced in working with a range of presenting issues. One area that I specialise in is autism spectrum disorder and my sessions are autism friendly. I use psychological education and help you to normalise, understand and manage your experiences.
Photo of Jenny Harrison Counselling, Counsellor
Jenny Harrison Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Not accepting new clients
I am also experienced in working with adhd, depression, self-harm, anger, panic attacks, learning difficulties, ill-health, low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts, over-thinking, exam pressure, school-refusal, low-mood, gender identity, bereavement and self-exploration.
You might have found your way here because you are feeling like everything is too much, feel alone, confused, like giving up, that no one understands you, or feel stuck in ways of being in the world that aren’t working for you, perhaps you feel something is missing or you are searching for support for your young person.  Whatever the reason, well done for taking this step. Counselling can help you to make sense of your life, find acceptance, meaning and purpose; and help you to create a more fulfilling, joyful life. I am qualified to counsel integratively which means I will fit my way of working to suit you and your needs.
07476 550211
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Not accepting new clients
I am also experienced in working with adhd, depression, self-harm, anger, panic attacks, learning difficulties, ill-health, low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts, over-thinking, exam pressure, school-refusal, low-mood, gender identity, bereavement and self-exploration.
You might have found your way here because you are feeling like everything is too much, feel alone, confused, like giving up, that no one understands you, or feel stuck in ways of being in the world that aren’t working for you, perhaps you feel something is missing or you are searching for support for your young person.  Whatever the reason, well done for taking this step. Counselling can help you to make sense of your life, find acceptance, meaning and purpose; and help you to create a more fulfilling, joyful life. I am qualified to counsel integratively which means I will fit my way of working to suit you and your needs.
Photo of Claire Broomes Counselling, Counsellor
Claire Broomes Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
Do you feel like you are struggling? Maybe you're feeling anxious, stressed or generally unhappy and want to make some changes in your life? You do not have to suffer alone, talking to a trained professional can help to alleviate your distress, provide new insights and new perspectives. I offer a supportive and warm environment where you can, if you want to, explore your inner most thoughts and feelings confidentially, safely and without judgement.
07481 339827
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
Do you feel like you are struggling? Maybe you're feeling anxious, stressed or generally unhappy and want to make some changes in your life? You do not have to suffer alone, talking to a trained professional can help to alleviate your distress, provide new insights and new perspectives. I offer a supportive and warm environment where you can, if you want to, explore your inner most thoughts and feelings confidentially, safely and without judgement.
Photo of Hannah Pollard Counselling, Counsellor
Hannah Pollard Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Hello and a warm welcome to you… How are you feeling right now? Perhaps a little anxious at taking your first steps to finding a counsellor. That’s completely normal. Well done for getting this far! Life can feel difficult at times but if you are struggling, you don’t have to face your worries alone. I believe that people have the ability to solve their own problems, but can sometimes feel stuck and need some help. My role is not to advise but to help you to see your own situation more clearly. We will work together to find the solutions that are right for you. Counselling could be the best gift you ever give yourself.
01489 667129
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Hello and a warm welcome to you… How are you feeling right now? Perhaps a little anxious at taking your first steps to finding a counsellor. That’s completely normal. Well done for getting this far! Life can feel difficult at times but if you are struggling, you don’t have to face your worries alone. I believe that people have the ability to solve their own problems, but can sometimes feel stuck and need some help. My role is not to advise but to help you to see your own situation more clearly. We will work together to find the solutions that are right for you. Counselling could be the best gift you ever give yourself.
Photo of Sophia Armstrong, Psychotherapist
Sophia Armstrong
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Verified
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Struggle to make sense of things or finding it difficult to cope? Counselling can help you come to terms with things, and make real changes in your life. You may find it useful to come and talk if you are dealing with difficult emotional issues, relationship difficulties, or specific psychological or mental health problems. Therapy can help you to find clarity and balance in your life. That may be dealing with traumatic past events, learning to connect with others or helping you to understand yourself better and making positive choices for the future. It can be a relief to talk to someone and feel that they are listening.
01489 666616
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Struggle to make sense of things or finding it difficult to cope? Counselling can help you come to terms with things, and make real changes in your life. You may find it useful to come and talk if you are dealing with difficult emotional issues, relationship difficulties, or specific psychological or mental health problems. Therapy can help you to find clarity and balance in your life. That may be dealing with traumatic past events, learning to connect with others or helping you to understand yourself better and making positive choices for the future. It can be a relief to talk to someone and feel that they are listening.
Photo of Hannah Maguire, Psychotherapist
Hannah Maguire
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP Verified
Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
My aim as a CBT therapist is to help clients who may be struggling with life challenges and develop a shared formulation that is individualised, that brings awareness to and understanding how your difficulties may have developed and are being maintained. This acts as a “roadmap” for our therapeutic understanding and intervention and will be covered in the initial assessment session(s). We will agree on how many sessions to meet for (usually six to 24, depending on the duration and complexity/severity) and help you work towards your set goals and values.
07449 493168
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO53
Offers online therapy
My aim as a CBT therapist is to help clients who may be struggling with life challenges and develop a shared formulation that is individualised, that brings awareness to and understanding how your difficulties may have developed and are being maintained. This acts as a “roadmap” for our therapeutic understanding and intervention and will be covered in the initial assessment session(s). We will agree on how many sessions to meet for (usually six to 24, depending on the duration and complexity/severity) and help you work towards your set goals and values.
Photo of Jo Stroud, Counsellor
Jo Stroud
Counsellor, MNCS Accred Verified
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Whatever your reasons for seeking out counselling I understand it can be one of the hardest decisions you make. Knowing that the thought of opening-up and sharing painful feelings can add to the fear of seeking out counselling. I offer you a free 30 minutes no obligation telephone consultation. Perhaps circumstances from your past/present can make living day to day a struggle, upsetting thoughts and feelings can be overwhelming or you have traumatic events you have never shared with anyone before? Perhaps all you need is a safe place to just sit, be heard and not feel so alone.
023 8214 8974
Verified
View

Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
Whatever your reasons for seeking out counselling I understand it can be one of the hardest decisions you make. Knowing that the thought of opening-up and sharing painful feelings can add to the fear of seeking out counselling. I offer you a free 30 minutes no obligation telephone consultation. Perhaps circumstances from your past/present can make living day to day a struggle, upsetting thoughts and feelings can be overwhelming or you have traumatic events you have never shared with anyone before? Perhaps all you need is a safe place to just sit, be heard and not feel so alone.
Photo of Mark Horner, Counsellor
Mark Horner
Counsellor, MBACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Specialising in Mental Health and Addiction aimed at Adults, Young People and Families. You may maybe worried that you or a family member are drinking too alcohol or misusing drugs. You may be distressed that mental health and drug services can’t support you adequately. I’ve practical experience with many mental health issues and experience and expertise with all aspects of Substance Misuse, and welcome clients who are in active addiction, as well as their families: I have experience of working with young people who are impacted by mental and substance misuse and offer a mentoring service as well as traditional counselling
01962 673480
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Specialising in Mental Health and Addiction aimed at Adults, Young People and Families. You may maybe worried that you or a family member are drinking too alcohol or misusing drugs. You may be distressed that mental health and drug services can’t support you adequately. I’ve practical experience with many mental health issues and experience and expertise with all aspects of Substance Misuse, and welcome clients who are in active addiction, as well as their families: I have experience of working with young people who are impacted by mental and substance misuse and offer a mentoring service as well as traditional counselling
Photo of Leita Sanger, Psychotherapist
Leita Sanger
Psychotherapist, MBACP Verified
Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I am a Person-Centred Psychotherapist/Counsellor. What I offer is a warm, friendly, open and honest space, that is confidential and gives you the opportunity to talk freely about whatever it is that is troubling you. I am not here to judge you, nor am i going to give you advice or tell you what you need to do to change/fix your life. You are the expert in your life and i am here to facilitate you, challenge your thought processes and work with you. I am here to listen and sometimes the greatest feeling is to be truly heard and understood.
07912 077743
Verified
View

Office is near:
Eastleigh SO50
Offers online therapy
I am a Person-Centred Psychotherapist/Counsellor. What I offer is a warm, friendly, open and honest space, that is confidential and gives you the opportunity to talk freely about whatever it is that is troubling you. I am not here to judge you, nor am i going to give you advice or tell you what you need to do to change/fix your life. You are the expert in your life and i am here to facilitate you, challenge your thought processes and work with you. I am here to listen and sometimes the greatest feeling is to be truly heard and understood.

See more therapy options for Eastleigh

Depression Counsellors
Depressive disorders are characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and worthlessness and a lack of desire to engage in formerly pleasurable activities. Depression is not a passing blue mood, which almost everyone experiences from time to time, but a complex mind/body illness that interferes with everyday functioning. It not only darkens one's outlook, it is commonly marked by sleep problems and changes in energy levels and appetite. It alters the structure and function of nerve cells so that it disrupts the way the brain processes information and interprets experience.

Despite feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness, depression is a treatable condition. It can be treated with psychotherapy by depression counsellors in Eastleigh. As with many illnesses, the earlier treatment begins, the more effective it can be and the greater the likelihood that recurrence can be prevented.

Psychotherapy addresses the thinking patterns that precipitate depression, and studies show that it prevents recurrence. Drug therapy is often helpful in relieving symptoms, such as severe anxiety, so that people can engage in meaningful psychotherapy.