A pervasive developmental disorder, autism affects information processing in multiple ways. Many people with autism have difficulties with social interactions and communication, sensory deficits, and poor motor coordination.
Asperger's syndrome colloquially refers to a high functioning form of autism. Although it was once formally classified as a disorder separate from other forms of autism, Asperger’s is no longer an official separate diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
There is no one specific treatment for autism.
Early intervention with highly structured behavioral, cognitive, and communication therapies can sometimes dramatically help autistic children learn skills, but few are able to live independently as adults.