Therapists in V8G

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Photo of Amber Mae Brooks (Clarkson), Counsellor in V8G, BC
Amber Mae Brooks (Clarkson)
Counsellor, MSc, RPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
Waitlist for new clients
My desire is to hear a person the way they need to be heard, to provide space and time that allows an individual to express their thoughts, feelings and emotions in a place that ensures a sense of confidentiality and safety. I am willing to sit through uncomfortable moments so a person can trust their own process and ability to heal.
My desire is to hear a person the way they need to be heard, to provide space and time that allows an individual to express their thoughts, feelings and emotions in a place that ensures a sense of confidentiality and safety. I am willing to sit through uncomfortable moments so a person can trust their own process and ability to heal.
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Photo of Devin T. Pollitt, Registered Social Worker in V8G, BC
Devin T. Pollitt
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW, PhD(c)
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G
I am a 20 year resident of Terrace BC, was born in the Cariboo region, and raised in the North. I offer counselling services both in-person and virtually, and specialize in grief and loss, mood related issues, trauma, including trauma related to the impacts of the Indian Residential School System, critical incident stress (both civilian and service personnel), and workplace issues related to burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion satisfaction. In addition to private practice, I am a Doctoral resident at Memorial University researching the relationship between workplace culture and burnout.
I am a 20 year resident of Terrace BC, was born in the Cariboo region, and raised in the North. I offer counselling services both in-person and virtually, and specialize in grief and loss, mood related issues, trauma, including trauma related to the impacts of the Indian Residential School System, critical incident stress (both civilian and service personnel), and workplace issues related to burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion satisfaction. In addition to private practice, I am a Doctoral resident at Memorial University researching the relationship between workplace culture and burnout.
(844) 734-2428 View (844) 734-2428
Photo of Teo counselling services, Drug & Alcohol Counsellor in V8G, BC
Teo counselling services
Drug & Alcohol Counsellor, MACP, CCAC, RP(Q)
Verified
1 Endorsed
Thornhill, BC V8G
Congratulations on seeking counselling. You might currently be in a dark spot and hesitant to seek help. It is okay, take your time and rest assured that you are not alone in this. It takes courage to seek help and you are on your way there. I have been in your spot before and my healing journey guided me to help others overcome complex trauma. You don't need to be controlled by your past anymore. Our healing journey will help you be your authentic self again, you will feel lighter after processing the past and more in control of your future. Allow us to collaboratively create a non-judgmental space and move to a healthier future.
Congratulations on seeking counselling. You might currently be in a dark spot and hesitant to seek help. It is okay, take your time and rest assured that you are not alone in this. It takes courage to seek help and you are on your way there. I have been in your spot before and my healing journey guided me to help others overcome complex trauma. You don't need to be controlled by your past anymore. Our healing journey will help you be your authentic self again, you will feel lighter after processing the past and more in control of your future. Allow us to collaboratively create a non-judgmental space and move to a healthier future.
(672) 648-0512 View (672) 648-0512
Artbeat Art Therapy Studio
Art Therapist, BScPsy, DVATI
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G
Not accepting new clients
If you are searching up Artbeat, chances are you enjoy colouring and creating AND you are done with overwhelming feelings of depression, anxiety, or your relationship status being set to 'It's complicated'. Artbeat Art Therapy Studio is a safe place to help you tap into love and joy and few evidence-based strategies to effectively handle the tough stuff.
If you are searching up Artbeat, chances are you enjoy colouring and creating AND you are done with overwhelming feelings of depression, anxiety, or your relationship status being set to 'It's complicated'. Artbeat Art Therapy Studio is a safe place to help you tap into love and joy and few evidence-based strategies to effectively handle the tough stuff.
(365) 544-4044 View (365) 544-4044
Photo of Celebrate Healing, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Celebrate Healing
Counsellor, MA, RCC, CCPA
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G
Not accepting new clients
I have worked as a clinical counselor in the Northwest region for over 10 years. I have spent most of my time working with addictions, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other Mental Health issues. I have experience working with a diverse range of people and prefer to work with youth and adults. I work from a culturally sensitive holistic perspective, which includes forming a safe place for my clients and being a helping hand in their journey.
I have worked as a clinical counselor in the Northwest region for over 10 years. I have spent most of my time working with addictions, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other Mental Health issues. I have experience working with a diverse range of people and prefer to work with youth and adults. I work from a culturally sensitive holistic perspective, which includes forming a safe place for my clients and being a helping hand in their journey.
(778) 650-5051 View (778) 650-5051
Photo of Katy Minhinnick, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Katy Minhinnick
Counsellor, M Ed, RCC
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
With a background in trauma counselling, I weave somatic healing and mindfulness techniques into sessions to help clients connect with their whole selves. Becoming a parent is so intense, and many families feel overwhelmed and disconnected from the world, but I truly believe we were not meant to do this alone. With compassion, kindness, and a little humour, I aim to move new parents from a place of survival to one of joy and self-acceptance.
With a background in trauma counselling, I weave somatic healing and mindfulness techniques into sessions to help clients connect with their whole selves. Becoming a parent is so intense, and many families feel overwhelmed and disconnected from the world, but I truly believe we were not meant to do this alone. With compassion, kindness, and a little humour, I aim to move new parents from a place of survival to one of joy and self-acceptance.
(867) 794-1055 View (867) 794-1055
Photo of Joelle McKiernan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in V8G, BC
Joelle McKiernan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, RSW, CCC
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
"I specialize in grief, loss, and trauma because I find many issues such as substance abuse, anger, stress, and even violence stem from long standing, unresolved grief and loss, and trauma that was never acknowledged or processed. I use a wide variety of approaches depending on the issues and how you wish to resolve them. I also work on issues related to self-esteem and empowerment, so you can help yourself heal. I offer you a guiding hand through these times of pain and confusion. Let's walk together on this journey and perhaps we can find meaning together."
"I specialize in grief, loss, and trauma because I find many issues such as substance abuse, anger, stress, and even violence stem from long standing, unresolved grief and loss, and trauma that was never acknowledged or processed. I use a wide variety of approaches depending on the issues and how you wish to resolve them. I also work on issues related to self-esteem and empowerment, so you can help yourself heal. I offer you a guiding hand through these times of pain and confusion. Let's walk together on this journey and perhaps we can find meaning together."
(778) 400-7951 View (778) 400-7951
Photo of Olena Guseva, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Olena Guseva
Counsellor
Verified
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
I am currently accepting internship clients. I have worked with individuals from diverse backgrounds. I have helped clients address mental health concerns such as depression, anxiety, trauma, caregiver fatigue, and work-related stress, as well as, navigate life transitions such as career changes, parenting, and retirement. I have experience working with neurodivergent adults, children and youth. This includes folks diagnosed with (or querying) ADD, ADHD, and ASD.
I am currently accepting internship clients. I have worked with individuals from diverse backgrounds. I have helped clients address mental health concerns such as depression, anxiety, trauma, caregiver fatigue, and work-related stress, as well as, navigate life transitions such as career changes, parenting, and retirement. I have experience working with neurodivergent adults, children and youth. This includes folks diagnosed with (or querying) ADD, ADHD, and ASD.
(825) 254-7194 View (825) 254-7194
Photo of Sophie Thacker, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Sophie Thacker
Counsellor, MA, CCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
Struggling to connect with loved ones or engage in hobbies you once enjoyed? Finding that you are avoiding people, places, or activities that you didn't used to avoid? Are you looking to break through patterns that are holding you back, explore yourself, or process traumatic experiences? I am here for you. Through working on new skills and tools, processing experiences, and challenging old habits: working towards the life you want is possible! I use an authentic, supportive, and collaborative approach to provide meaningful and effective counselling and therapy.
Struggling to connect with loved ones or engage in hobbies you once enjoyed? Finding that you are avoiding people, places, or activities that you didn't used to avoid? Are you looking to break through patterns that are holding you back, explore yourself, or process traumatic experiences? I am here for you. Through working on new skills and tools, processing experiences, and challenging old habits: working towards the life you want is possible! I use an authentic, supportive, and collaborative approach to provide meaningful and effective counselling and therapy.
(249) 488-2965 View (249) 488-2965
Photo of Chelsea Houghton, Pre-Licensed Professional in V8G, BC
Chelsea Houghton
Pre-Licensed Professional, MACP-IP, RN
Verified
4 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
I enjoy working with clients who want to make positive changes in their lives, through the process of being vulnerable and accepting that we as humans are not perfect. As we know, the best results come from those who put the work in. That being said, homework is part of the process with this type of researched-based therapy. The purpose of the homework is to help you work on and gain new skills that will benefit you throughout your life. Each visit will consist of a routine outcome measure to monitor your progress and help you determine when you are ready to graduate from therapy.
I enjoy working with clients who want to make positive changes in their lives, through the process of being vulnerable and accepting that we as humans are not perfect. As we know, the best results come from those who put the work in. That being said, homework is part of the process with this type of researched-based therapy. The purpose of the homework is to help you work on and gain new skills that will benefit you throughout your life. Each visit will consist of a routine outcome measure to monitor your progress and help you determine when you are ready to graduate from therapy.
(778) 644-5018 View (778) 644-5018
Photo of Praveen Parmar, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Praveen Parmar
Counsellor, MA, RCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
Praveen is a Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC) possessing a range of experience in delivering counselling services. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, and a Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology. Praveen has worked in various settings, where she has had the opportunity to assist individuals that have experienced anxiety, depression, trauma, and interpersonal difficulties. In addition, Praveen is an advocate for diversity and inclusion, and holds a particular interest and skill set in multicultural counselling.
Praveen is a Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC) possessing a range of experience in delivering counselling services. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, and a Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology. Praveen has worked in various settings, where she has had the opportunity to assist individuals that have experienced anxiety, depression, trauma, and interpersonal difficulties. In addition, Praveen is an advocate for diversity and inclusion, and holds a particular interest and skill set in multicultural counselling.
(778) 744-0857 View (778) 744-0857
Photo of Daniel Young (Mens Mental Health Bc), Registered Social Worker in V8G, BC
Daniel Young (Mens Mental Health Bc)
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
I am a Registered Social Worker specializing in online counselling for individual men, women, couples and families. I am dedicated to providing high-quality therapeutic care to my clients utilizing a variety of therapeutic modalities including talk therapy, Narrative Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Solution Focused Brief Therapy and other evidence-based approaches. I am passionate about helping people and have dedicated my career to improve client mental health and overall well-being.
I am a Registered Social Worker specializing in online counselling for individual men, women, couples and families. I am dedicated to providing high-quality therapeutic care to my clients utilizing a variety of therapeutic modalities including talk therapy, Narrative Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Solution Focused Brief Therapy and other evidence-based approaches. I am passionate about helping people and have dedicated my career to improve client mental health and overall well-being.
(437) 747-5287 View (437) 747-5287
Photo of Rainstorm Counselling & Consulting, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in V8G, BC
Rainstorm Counselling & Consulting
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, RSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
Parenting (or caregiving) is one of the most important jobs you've taken on. But the person you're caring for is going through some tough stuff, and the two of you aren't getting along. You're beating yourself up, because you keep screwing up your job, when all you want to do is help. You might even be coping with your own issues, in addition to helping them with theirs. You're scared of the future, and sometimes angry at the person you are caring for. You're lonely and even burnt out, because others don't understand.
Parenting (or caregiving) is one of the most important jobs you've taken on. But the person you're caring for is going through some tough stuff, and the two of you aren't getting along. You're beating yourself up, because you keep screwing up your job, when all you want to do is help. You might even be coping with your own issues, in addition to helping them with theirs. You're scared of the future, and sometimes angry at the person you are caring for. You're lonely and even burnt out, because others don't understand.
(778) 651-5292 View (778) 651-5292
Photo of Teresa Schmidt, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Teresa Schmidt
Counsellor, RTC
Verified
5 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
Waitlist for new clients
Each of us have encountered suffering, loss, brokenness and trauma. Each of us have stories that need healing and restoration. You may be ready to address harm and tragedy with informed care and holistic engagement. Courageously stepping into stories of pain and harm is the very place that true healing and restoration occurs. If you're looking for extra support and guidance as you navigate through your healing journey it may be time to take the next step and reach out for help.
Each of us have encountered suffering, loss, brokenness and trauma. Each of us have stories that need healing and restoration. You may be ready to address harm and tragedy with informed care and holistic engagement. Courageously stepping into stories of pain and harm is the very place that true healing and restoration occurs. If you're looking for extra support and guidance as you navigate through your healing journey it may be time to take the next step and reach out for help.
(844) 307-6012 View (844) 307-6012
Photo of Lana Farah, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Lana Farah
Counsellor, MACP, CCPA, RCC
Verified
5 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
As a licensed and experienced therapist, I specialize in helping individuals, families, and couples of all ages to develop effective strategies for managing trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, family conflicts, and parenting challenges. My goal is to provide a safe, compassionate, and non-judgmental atmosphere to support self-exploration, growth, and positive change. Through our work together, I can help you to develop new skills for coping with difficult emotions, improving communication, and making life changes that can lead to greater happiness, satisfaction, and a stronger sense of connection in your daily life.
As a licensed and experienced therapist, I specialize in helping individuals, families, and couples of all ages to develop effective strategies for managing trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, family conflicts, and parenting challenges. My goal is to provide a safe, compassionate, and non-judgmental atmosphere to support self-exploration, growth, and positive change. Through our work together, I can help you to develop new skills for coping with difficult emotions, improving communication, and making life changes that can lead to greater happiness, satisfaction, and a stronger sense of connection in your daily life.
(672) 202-2459 View (672) 202-2459
Photo of Ward Murray Counselling in V8G, BC
Ward Murray Counselling
BA Psyc, MA Coun, CCC
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
We can work together to overcome challenging emotions, patterns, behaviours, thoughts and feelings that you may be experiencing, to create meaningful change for you. My practice is informed by a wealth of experience over ten years of supportive work through addictions centers, verbal and non-verbal care work, marginalized individuals, international family support, and elementary school aged children and their families dealing with intergenerational trauma. I also offer support to families of children with disabilities, and aim to run a group in the near future. Let's have a conversation and find out the best way to help you.
We can work together to overcome challenging emotions, patterns, behaviours, thoughts and feelings that you may be experiencing, to create meaningful change for you. My practice is informed by a wealth of experience over ten years of supportive work through addictions centers, verbal and non-verbal care work, marginalized individuals, international family support, and elementary school aged children and their families dealing with intergenerational trauma. I also offer support to families of children with disabilities, and aim to run a group in the near future. Let's have a conversation and find out the best way to help you.
(778) 652-3547 View (778) 652-3547
Photo of Alexander Wellness Consulting, Registered Social Worker in V8G, BC
Alexander Wellness Consulting
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW, RCC
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
Currently Accepting New Clients. Specializing in Couples, Addiction, Anxiety & Depression. I bring to my practice a welcoming and friendly personal style that puts clients at ease allowing them to communicate their needs and goals within a safe non-judgmental atmosphere. I worked in many clinical health care settings before venturing into private practice, which has brought into my work a well- breadth of clinical experience, including a wide array of therapeutic approaches, that I have successfully integrated while working with with hundreds of clients over the past 26 plus years.
Currently Accepting New Clients. Specializing in Couples, Addiction, Anxiety & Depression. I bring to my practice a welcoming and friendly personal style that puts clients at ease allowing them to communicate their needs and goals within a safe non-judgmental atmosphere. I worked in many clinical health care settings before venturing into private practice, which has brought into my work a well- breadth of clinical experience, including a wide array of therapeutic approaches, that I have successfully integrated while working with with hundreds of clients over the past 26 plus years.
(778) 743-4093 View (778) 743-4093
Photo of Lindy van der Burg (Repiphany Counselling), Counsellor in V8G, BC
Lindy van der Burg (Repiphany Counselling)
Counsellor, RTC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck in your life and not sure how to move forward? Does your mind continue to race but provide no clarity about how to move forward in your life? You may be feeling overwhelmed or have the sense you have become disconnected from who you really are. You want a life of greater ease and to experience more peace. You are ready to step into who you really are.
Are you feeling stuck in your life and not sure how to move forward? Does your mind continue to race but provide no clarity about how to move forward in your life? You may be feeling overwhelmed or have the sense you have become disconnected from who you really are. You want a life of greater ease and to experience more peace. You are ready to step into who you really are.
(250) 962-2415 View (250) 962-2415
Photo of Katya Verzilova - Individual Couples Therapy, Registered Social Worker in V8G, BC
Katya Verzilova - Individual Couples Therapy
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW
Verified
Terrace, BC V8G
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, disconnected or emotionally exhausted? Do you seek meaningful change in your life, and long to thrive as an individual and in your relationships? Offering individual and couples counselling from a trauma-informed approach, I can support you in exploring your experiences, process difficult emotions and life transitions, understand patterns that may be keeping you stuck and unfulfilled and develop effective regulation skills. I support individuals to address trauma, anxiety (including phobias and panic attacks), loss and grief, harmful self-criticism and relationship issues.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, disconnected or emotionally exhausted? Do you seek meaningful change in your life, and long to thrive as an individual and in your relationships? Offering individual and couples counselling from a trauma-informed approach, I can support you in exploring your experiences, process difficult emotions and life transitions, understand patterns that may be keeping you stuck and unfulfilled and develop effective regulation skills. I support individuals to address trauma, anxiety (including phobias and panic attacks), loss and grief, harmful self-criticism and relationship issues.
(431) 813-0985 View (431) 813-0985
Photo of Sarah Panofsky, Counsellor in V8G, BC
Sarah Panofsky
Counsellor, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Terrace, BC V8G
I work with individuals and couples who feel stuck in their lives in different ways and are looking for a fresh perspective and alignment with current goals. My clients arrive at counselling with challenges related to trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship, addiction, life transitions, stress, and grief and loss. So often in facing life's challenges we feel alone and helpless. You are not alone - change is possible. I am dedicated to bringing my full presence, knowledge, and experience to our relationship to support you in fostering the changes you seek in your inner and outer worlds.
I work with individuals and couples who feel stuck in their lives in different ways and are looking for a fresh perspective and alignment with current goals. My clients arrive at counselling with challenges related to trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship, addiction, life transitions, stress, and grief and loss. So often in facing life's challenges we feel alone and helpless. You are not alone - change is possible. I am dedicated to bringing my full presence, knowledge, and experience to our relationship to support you in fostering the changes you seek in your inner and outer worlds.
(807) 697-1549 View (807) 697-1549

See more therapy options for V8G

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in V8G

20+

Average cost per session

$135

Counsellors in V8G who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
85% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
73% Trauma and PTSD
73% Self Esteem
73% Stress
65% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

64% Green Shield Canada
50% Pacific Blue Cross
43% First Nations Health Authority

How Counsellors in V8G see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in V8G?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.