Depression Therapists in Toronto, ON

Photo of Jeremy Jacob, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Jeremy Jacob
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, CCC, RP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5P  (Online Only)
I have treated clients with a wide variety of issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, interpersonal and family conflict, self-harm and grief.
I use a client centered approach in order to meet the specific and unique needs of the individuals I am working with. This forms the foundation of my clinical work and is enhanced by the use of cognitive, psycho-dynamic and strength based therapies. I am goal directed and believe that people have the ability to solve their own problems. Therapy is simply a means to realize the potential for change that exists in all of us.
I have treated clients with a wide variety of issues including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, interpersonal and family conflict, self-harm and grief.
I use a client centered approach in order to meet the specific and unique needs of the individuals I am working with. This forms the foundation of my clinical work and is enhanced by the use of cognitive, psycho-dynamic and strength based therapies. I am goal directed and believe that people have the ability to solve their own problems. Therapy is simply a means to realize the potential for change that exists in all of us.
(844) 402-2345 View (844) 402-2345
Photo of Bojana Budisin, Psychologist in Toronto, ON
Bojana Budisin
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6S  (Online Only)
I support individuals and their loved ones cope with life stressors, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, burnout, injuries, as well as changes associated with healthy aging, dementia, or brain injury.
I am a duly qualified Registered Psychologist in Ontario in the areas of clinical neuropsychology and clinical psychology providing both assessment and treatment services to an adult (18+) and senior population. I completed my Ph.D. at the University of Windsor and post-doctoral training at Toronto Rehabilitation Institute. I have extensive clinical experience working with individuals struggling with psychoemotional distress within community, medical consortiums, and rehabilitation facilities across North America.
I support individuals and their loved ones cope with life stressors, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, burnout, injuries, as well as changes associated with healthy aging, dementia, or brain injury.
I am a duly qualified Registered Psychologist in Ontario in the areas of clinical neuropsychology and clinical psychology providing both assessment and treatment services to an adult (18+) and senior population. I completed my Ph.D. at the University of Windsor and post-doctoral training at Toronto Rehabilitation Institute. I have extensive clinical experience working with individuals struggling with psychoemotional distress within community, medical consortiums, and rehabilitation facilities across North America.
(365) 645-5192 View (365) 645-5192
Photo of Lesley Swartz, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Lesley Swartz
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, MEd, EXAT
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6J
I have experience with couples and adult individuals who have experienced anxiety, depression, trauma, loss and grief, stress, body image and self esteem challenges, anger management obstacles, relationship conflicts, and difficult life transitions.
I am a registered psychotherapist and a certified expressive arts therapist. I have been a practicing psychotherapist for over 15 years and am interested in promoting self healing, relationships, growth and change. I have trained extensively in expressive arts, gestalt and developmental somatic psychotherapy and have pursued professional training in emotionally focused couples therapy (EFT), trauma informed therapy, narrative therapy and child and play therapy. I create a safe and interactive therapeutic atmosphere, and work from a resource oriented, somatic awareness based perspective, focussing on both short and long term needs.
I have experience with couples and adult individuals who have experienced anxiety, depression, trauma, loss and grief, stress, body image and self esteem challenges, anger management obstacles, relationship conflicts, and difficult life transitions.
I am a registered psychotherapist and a certified expressive arts therapist. I have been a practicing psychotherapist for over 15 years and am interested in promoting self healing, relationships, growth and change. I have trained extensively in expressive arts, gestalt and developmental somatic psychotherapy and have pursued professional training in emotionally focused couples therapy (EFT), trauma informed therapy, narrative therapy and child and play therapy. I create a safe and interactive therapeutic atmosphere, and work from a resource oriented, somatic awareness based perspective, focussing on both short and long term needs.
(365) 601-1722 View (365) 601-1722
Photo of Ally Florence, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Ally Florence
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CSAT(C)
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4K
Ally is pasionate about working in concurrent disorders, working with people struggling with depression, anxiety, issues related to self-esteem, work stress, and interpersonal relationships.
Toronto Psychotherapy Space offers both online and in person psychotherapy appointments. Please view our website and give us a call to book a free 15-minute consultation with Ally or one of our clinical therapists. Ally is passionate about helpig clients work through their past and present difficulties, working from a trauma informed lens and meeting people where they are at on their recovery journey. Ally uses multiple therapeutic modalities when working with clients such as Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT),Solution Focused Therapy, and attachment based approaches.
Ally is pasionate about working in concurrent disorders, working with people struggling with depression, anxiety, issues related to self-esteem, work stress, and interpersonal relationships.
Toronto Psychotherapy Space offers both online and in person psychotherapy appointments. Please view our website and give us a call to book a free 15-minute consultation with Ally or one of our clinical therapists. Ally is passionate about helpig clients work through their past and present difficulties, working from a trauma informed lens and meeting people where they are at on their recovery journey. Ally uses multiple therapeutic modalities when working with clients such as Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT),Solution Focused Therapy, and attachment based approaches.
(365) 298-0289 View (365) 298-0289
Photo of Kimberly A Martin, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Kimberly A Martin
Registered Social Worker, MSW RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M4K
My passion is for you to know your value as a human and to help you discover your rightful place in this world. For that to happen, you need a safe space where you can be your authentic self, share your story and uncover areas of healing and growth. This is why I provide supportive counselling in a warm, non-clinical environment. Pull up a chair, grab a cup of tea or coffee and together we will find what strategies work best for you. Whether you are coping with anxiety, depression, difficult changes, or relationship dynamics - I want to help you build confidence in your decisions so you can live your best life.
My passion is for you to know your value as a human and to help you discover your rightful place in this world. For that to happen, you need a safe space where you can be your authentic self, share your story and uncover areas of healing and growth. This is why I provide supportive counselling in a warm, non-clinical environment. Pull up a chair, grab a cup of tea or coffee and together we will find what strategies work best for you. Whether you are coping with anxiety, depression, difficult changes, or relationship dynamics - I want to help you build confidence in your decisions so you can live your best life.
(647) 699-6788 View (647) 699-6788
Photo of Michael Kang, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Michael Kang
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5M
Accepting New Clients! Are you a student or the parent of a student dealing with anxiety, stress, and depression? Do you have big goals for university, college, and beyond but struggle to achieve your goals because of emotional distress or lack of executive functioning skills? Through a combination of counselling and coaching, I help students and parents navigate through emotional distress and teach tools to achieve their goals.
Accepting New Clients! Are you a student or the parent of a student dealing with anxiety, stress, and depression? Do you have big goals for university, college, and beyond but struggle to achieve your goals because of emotional distress or lack of executive functioning skills? Through a combination of counselling and coaching, I help students and parents navigate through emotional distress and teach tools to achieve their goals.
(289) 277-6498 View (289) 277-6498
Photo of Rachel Morris, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Rachel Morris
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M5P
My particular areas of focus are working with people around anxiety, depression, those who wish to process a traumatic event, or childhood neglect/abuse, and those recovering from an addiction.
Feeling stuck? Are you wanting something different for your life? I work with clients to let go of the past, and to feel better in the present. Therapy will look different for everyone. In general, you can expect we will identifying your needs and move towards the healing your desire.
My particular areas of focus are working with people around anxiety, depression, those who wish to process a traumatic event, or childhood neglect/abuse, and those recovering from an addiction.
Feeling stuck? Are you wanting something different for your life? I work with clients to let go of the past, and to feel better in the present. Therapy will look different for everyone. In general, you can expect we will identifying your needs and move towards the healing your desire.
(437) 291-8658 View (437) 291-8658
Photo of Sandy Kiaizadeh, Registered Psychotherapist, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Sandy Kiaizadeh, Registered Psychotherapist
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CCPCPR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5R  (Online Only)
My clients face such issues as low self-worth/self-esteem, anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, grief, trauma & stress.
Are you successful outwardly, but deep down feel a nagging lack of personal fulfilment? Are you swamped with life, and wondering how to achieve more balance, meaning and purpose? Do you want to improve your emotional health and wellbeing, silence your Inner Critic and boost your self-confidence? Are you curious about this "mindfulness" thing that everyone is talking about these days? If so, let's work together! I primarily work with Millennials, Gen Y and Gen Xers who are feeling overwhelmed and dissatisfied with their lives, struggle with low self-esteem and self-worth, or facing difficulty with "adulting."
My clients face such issues as low self-worth/self-esteem, anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, grief, trauma & stress.
Are you successful outwardly, but deep down feel a nagging lack of personal fulfilment? Are you swamped with life, and wondering how to achieve more balance, meaning and purpose? Do you want to improve your emotional health and wellbeing, silence your Inner Critic and boost your self-confidence? Are you curious about this "mindfulness" thing that everyone is talking about these days? If so, let's work together! I primarily work with Millennials, Gen Y and Gen Xers who are feeling overwhelmed and dissatisfied with their lives, struggle with low self-esteem and self-worth, or facing difficulty with "adulting."
(844) 402-2132 View (844) 402-2132
Photo of Hillary Jones, Psychologist in Toronto, ON
Hillary Jones
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M5A  (Online Only)
I work with individuals in Ontario experiencing a variety of mental health issues, including trauma, anxiety, depression, grief and loss, sleep issues and insomnia, stress, and interpersonal difficulties.
As a clinical psychologist, I provide evidence-based individual treatment for adults. Together, we will explore what the root of your difficulties may be and use the science of psychology to help you better understand yourself, make meaning of challenging life events, and live your life in alignment with your values.
I work with individuals in Ontario experiencing a variety of mental health issues, including trauma, anxiety, depression, grief and loss, sleep issues and insomnia, stress, and interpersonal difficulties.
As a clinical psychologist, I provide evidence-based individual treatment for adults. Together, we will explore what the root of your difficulties may be and use the science of psychology to help you better understand yourself, make meaning of challenging life events, and live your life in alignment with your values.
(249) 802-7372 View (249) 802-7372
Photo of Kirsten Johnson, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Kirsten Johnson
Registered Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4E  (Online Only)
Anxiety, depression, LGBTQ+, boundaries and codependence are focuses for me, as well as couples work (straight, LGBTQ+, partners, family).
Ready to talk about it? It can be hard to make that first move, that first call. But whether you are in crisis or you want to understand why you are just "getting by", we can start now to figure it out together. Here, you will find a safe, inclusive and accepting space, along with a warm and interactive approach to exploring your story. Having trouble setting boundaries? Looking for new ways to communicate with your partner? Searching for a sense of self that has been lost - either in the context of a relationship or just in the struggles of daily life? These are only some of the challenges we can start to make sense of together.
Anxiety, depression, LGBTQ+, boundaries and codependence are focuses for me, as well as couples work (straight, LGBTQ+, partners, family).
Ready to talk about it? It can be hard to make that first move, that first call. But whether you are in crisis or you want to understand why you are just "getting by", we can start now to figure it out together. Here, you will find a safe, inclusive and accepting space, along with a warm and interactive approach to exploring your story. Having trouble setting boundaries? Looking for new ways to communicate with your partner? Searching for a sense of self that has been lost - either in the context of a relationship or just in the struggles of daily life? These are only some of the challenges we can start to make sense of together.
(647) 694-2947 View (647) 694-2947
Photo of Jacalyn Caswell, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Toronto, ON
Jacalyn Caswell
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BA, MACP
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M4J
I work with adults and youth who experience depression, anxiety, work-related stress, self-esteem concerns, relationship conflict, loss, and grief. Knowing how challenging life can be, it is important that we have a safe community and people to assist us when sometimes we cannot manage our experiences alone. Thus, together within therapy, we will work as a team to explore present patterns and behaviours that result in feelings we wish to change and build a strong and compassionate belief of self, exploring new strategies and techniques along the way.
I work with adults and youth who experience depression, anxiety, work-related stress, self-esteem concerns, relationship conflict, loss, and grief. Knowing how challenging life can be, it is important that we have a safe community and people to assist us when sometimes we cannot manage our experiences alone. Thus, together within therapy, we will work as a team to explore present patterns and behaviours that result in feelings we wish to change and build a strong and compassionate belief of self, exploring new strategies and techniques along the way.
(289) 302-0464 View (289) 302-0464
Photo of Todd Hartley, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Todd Hartley
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW, MA
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6G
**In person & virtual appointments available** Welcome! I use evidence-based methods to work with patients experiencing anxiety, depression, loneliness, self-criticism and relationship issues including family difficulties. My approach is insight-oriented and focuses on understanding thoughts, behaviours and emotions; this method of psychotherapy allows for lasting and meaningful change. We'll work together to improve your well-being so that you can live your best life. I work from an empathic and non-judgmental perspective to meet every client’s individual needs. Deciding to enter therapy takes courage. You can feel better!
**In person & virtual appointments available** Welcome! I use evidence-based methods to work with patients experiencing anxiety, depression, loneliness, self-criticism and relationship issues including family difficulties. My approach is insight-oriented and focuses on understanding thoughts, behaviours and emotions; this method of psychotherapy allows for lasting and meaningful change. We'll work together to improve your well-being so that you can live your best life. I work from an empathic and non-judgmental perspective to meet every client’s individual needs. Deciding to enter therapy takes courage. You can feel better!
(289) 206-8832 View (289) 206-8832
Photo of Jim Squire, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Jim Squire
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, MDiv, RP
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4M  (Online Only)
Do you feel stuck in negative patterns, anxiety, depression, addictions, unsatisfying relationships or a painful past? I understand that life can be hard, I am here to listen and help you find solutions that work. I'm a warm, caring and compassionate therapist and I have been helping people create the life they want for over 19 years. None of us can see ourselves or our problems objectively. I can help you gain self-awareness, understanding and the skills to navigate any situation successfully. I offer a free 15 min zoom consultation, why wait contact Jim today!
Do you feel stuck in negative patterns, anxiety, depression, addictions, unsatisfying relationships or a painful past? I understand that life can be hard, I am here to listen and help you find solutions that work. I'm a warm, caring and compassionate therapist and I have been helping people create the life they want for over 19 years. None of us can see ourselves or our problems objectively. I can help you gain self-awareness, understanding and the skills to navigate any situation successfully. I offer a free 15 min zoom consultation, why wait contact Jim today!
(289) 206-6764 View (289) 206-6764
Photo of Ayala Orner, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Ayala Orner
Registered Psychotherapist, MEd, RP
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M4C
I work with adults and teens with a focus on depression, anxiety, relationship issues and stress management, particularly over the course of life transition points.
Hi - I’m Ayala. Thank you for reaching out and taking the first courageous step in your journey toward greater health. I am here to facilitate your shift towards a deeper self-awareness as you process a range of emotions and learn effective strategies to manage them and to together navigate the path whereby pain, struggle and uncertainty become strength. Over the course of our interactions, we will draw upon lessons and experiences from a range of modalities, including client-centered therapy, emotion focused therapy, narrative therapy, mindfulness, trauma informed interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy and ACT.
I work with adults and teens with a focus on depression, anxiety, relationship issues and stress management, particularly over the course of life transition points.
Hi - I’m Ayala. Thank you for reaching out and taking the first courageous step in your journey toward greater health. I am here to facilitate your shift towards a deeper self-awareness as you process a range of emotions and learn effective strategies to manage them and to together navigate the path whereby pain, struggle and uncertainty become strength. Over the course of our interactions, we will draw upon lessons and experiences from a range of modalities, including client-centered therapy, emotion focused therapy, narrative therapy, mindfulness, trauma informed interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy and ACT.
(289) 273-8391 View (289) 273-8391
Photo of Catherine Coyle, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Catherine Coyle
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4P
I provide individual, couple and (adult)family counselling for people struggling with a variety of concerns including depression, anxiety, work stress, grief and bereavement, relationship loss, eating disorders etc.
As a practical, results oriented therapist, my treatment approach will provide you with insight and feedback to help you address current and longstanding issues. I approach my work with sensitivity and compassion. With an intregration of complimentary methods, I draw upon a selection of styles and techniques to incorporate what is most helpful to you as an individual. I have been providing counselling for 20 years and appreciate the courage it takes to book that first appointment.
I provide individual, couple and (adult)family counselling for people struggling with a variety of concerns including depression, anxiety, work stress, grief and bereavement, relationship loss, eating disorders etc.
As a practical, results oriented therapist, my treatment approach will provide you with insight and feedback to help you address current and longstanding issues. I approach my work with sensitivity and compassion. With an intregration of complimentary methods, I draw upon a selection of styles and techniques to incorporate what is most helpful to you as an individual. I have been providing counselling for 20 years and appreciate the courage it takes to book that first appointment.
(647) 977-5881 View (647) 977-5881
Photo of Ali Ahmad, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Ali Ahmad
Registered Social Worker, BSW Hon, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4X
For many years, I have successfully formed therapeutic relationships with individuals/couples, to understand their issues, and offer support to manage stressors & remove barriers. Your issues may arise from an inability to cope with the present, due to stress, depression and anxiety; or from life transitions, sexual orientation, sexual dysfunction, grief, and substance use. I work from a person-centered approach, to help you to find balance and resilience to improve your ability to function better. I use my training and knowledge to create with you a solution to reflect your lifestyle choices.
For many years, I have successfully formed therapeutic relationships with individuals/couples, to understand their issues, and offer support to manage stressors & remove barriers. Your issues may arise from an inability to cope with the present, due to stress, depression and anxiety; or from life transitions, sexual orientation, sexual dysfunction, grief, and substance use. I work from a person-centered approach, to help you to find balance and resilience to improve your ability to function better. I use my training and knowledge to create with you a solution to reflect your lifestyle choices.
(647) 492-2239 View (647) 492-2239
Photo of Carly Sugar, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Toronto, ON
Carly Sugar
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BHSc, MACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M2N
If you are struggling with feelings of anxiety and depression, relational issues, or concerns about your past or future, we can work together to set goals and gain strategies for coping.
Have you been feeling more down the usual? Are you not feeling like yourself? Do you feel like you've been struggling to cope with difficult situations and stressors in your life? Whether it is issues in relationships, work, school, or general daily life, it's common to feel like something is wrong and like you don't have anyone to talk to. That is why I strive to work with individuals like you; so that you will always feel like you have someone to talk to who will meet you where you are with compassion and experience. With me, we can work together to get you feeling back to your even better self.
If you are struggling with feelings of anxiety and depression, relational issues, or concerns about your past or future, we can work together to set goals and gain strategies for coping.
Have you been feeling more down the usual? Are you not feeling like yourself? Do you feel like you've been struggling to cope with difficult situations and stressors in your life? Whether it is issues in relationships, work, school, or general daily life, it's common to feel like something is wrong and like you don't have anyone to talk to. That is why I strive to work with individuals like you; so that you will always feel like you have someone to talk to who will meet you where you are with compassion and experience. With me, we can work together to get you feeling back to your even better self.
(289) 724-5637 View (289) 724-5637
Photo of Shahram Kavehsemnani, Psychiatric Nurse in Toronto, ON
Shahram Kavehsemnani
Psychiatric Nurse, RN
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5C  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck in a rut or struggling with depression or the aftermath of a trauma? We all face mental health challenges sometimes and need some help. Finding the right support can be challenging and I'm here to help. My goal is to empower you with specific skills so that you can be your own therapist, all from the comfort of your home. I use proven strategies to help you change unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviours so that you can feel like yourself again.
Are you feeling stuck in a rut or struggling with depression or the aftermath of a trauma? We all face mental health challenges sometimes and need some help. Finding the right support can be challenging and I'm here to help. My goal is to empower you with specific skills so that you can be your own therapist, all from the comfort of your home. I use proven strategies to help you change unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviours so that you can feel like yourself again.
(437) 747-7494 View (437) 747-7494
Photo of Sari Shaicovitch, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Sari Shaicovitch
Registered Social Worker, BA, BSW, MEd, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M5X  (Online Only)
We sometimes go through stages in life where everything we do seems unmanageable. Getting through the day feels like a chore. At some point, we all experience periods of anxiety and depression. The key is not to let it overwhelm us to the point where we cannot function. I can help you bring back purpose to your life. By helping you identify your thoughts/ behaviours which are holding you back, together I can help you discover ways to cope and strategies to make it through your most challenging of times. CALL ME FOR A FREE 15 MINUTE CONSULTATION! These 15 minutes could change your life.
We sometimes go through stages in life where everything we do seems unmanageable. Getting through the day feels like a chore. At some point, we all experience periods of anxiety and depression. The key is not to let it overwhelm us to the point where we cannot function. I can help you bring back purpose to your life. By helping you identify your thoughts/ behaviours which are holding you back, together I can help you discover ways to cope and strategies to make it through your most challenging of times. CALL ME FOR A FREE 15 MINUTE CONSULTATION! These 15 minutes could change your life.
(855) 501-0762 View (855) 501-0762
Photo of Transforming Emotions - Dr. Sarah Thompson & Assoc, Psychologist in Toronto, ON
Transforming Emotions - Dr. Sarah Thompson & Assoc
Psychologist, CPsych, MSW, RSW, RP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5B  (Online Only)
Asking for help is a vulnerable and courageous act, and it’s the first step towards creating lasting change in your life. You may be feeling depressed, anxious, stressed, lonely, irritable, or just not your best self. You may want to feel more connected loves ones or communities in your life. Perhaps there are issues from your past that are holding you back–or you may be grappling with the impact of systemic discrimination. You may have recently lost someone dear to you and need some support. Whatever your reason for reaching out, we are here to help you move from feeling stuck to feeling more calm, connected, and confident.
Asking for help is a vulnerable and courageous act, and it’s the first step towards creating lasting change in your life. You may be feeling depressed, anxious, stressed, lonely, irritable, or just not your best self. You may want to feel more connected loves ones or communities in your life. Perhaps there are issues from your past that are holding you back–or you may be grappling with the impact of systemic discrimination. You may have recently lost someone dear to you and need some support. Whatever your reason for reaching out, we are here to help you move from feeling stuck to feeling more calm, connected, and confident.
(647) 931-6617 View (647) 931-6617

See more therapy options for Toronto

Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.