Therapists in Toronto, ON

View neighborhoods in Toronto
Photo of Rahwa Gebredingle, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Toronto, ON
Rahwa Gebredingle
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA, BScN
Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5S
In a society where certain kinds of perfection are celebrated and imperfections are not tolerated, we experience shame, self-blame, isolation, hopelessness, and ultimately a toxic relationship with ourselves. Breaking free from these patterns is not a journey you must go through alone. I aim to help people embrace the whole of life – including imperfections – through radical self-acceptance and self-compassion.
In a society where certain kinds of perfection are celebrated and imperfections are not tolerated, we experience shame, self-blame, isolation, hopelessness, and ultimately a toxic relationship with ourselves. Breaking free from these patterns is not a journey you must go through alone. I aim to help people embrace the whole of life – including imperfections – through radical self-acceptance and self-compassion.
(647) 955-2706 View (647) 955-2706
Photo of Katie MacDonald, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Katie MacDonald
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Toronto, ON M4C
Welcome and thank you for checking out my profile. Individuals are moved to pursue therapy for a variety of reasons. You may find that you are lacking in resilience, feeling "stuck" in patterns that aren’t working for you, or are enticed by the prospect of living a life aligned with your true values, but are unsure of how to get there. Whatever the reason, I am here to meet you where you’re at. I am skilled in working with a variety of issues including anxiety, depression, self-esteem, adjustment, parenting and family issues. I look forward to meeting and partnering with you in this growth process.
Welcome and thank you for checking out my profile. Individuals are moved to pursue therapy for a variety of reasons. You may find that you are lacking in resilience, feeling "stuck" in patterns that aren’t working for you, or are enticed by the prospect of living a life aligned with your true values, but are unsure of how to get there. Whatever the reason, I am here to meet you where you’re at. I am skilled in working with a variety of issues including anxiety, depression, self-esteem, adjustment, parenting and family issues. I look forward to meeting and partnering with you in this growth process.
(289) 278-9341 View (289) 278-9341
Photo of Jeanine S. K. Claus, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Jeanine S. K. Claus
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Toronto, ON M6P  (Online Only)
Shé:kon! I'm an Indigiqueer, trauma-informed and open-minded practitioner who will affirm your strengths and experiences. People see me because they want support with concerns such as coping with the world, anxieties, fears or intergenerational trauma. Or maybe folks have identities, behaviours and relations that no longer serve them: maybe they would like to cut down on drinking or leave a relationship or enter a new line of work. They are looking for someone who offers gentle, non-judgmental and authentic support that is tailored for them and their needs.
Shé:kon! I'm an Indigiqueer, trauma-informed and open-minded practitioner who will affirm your strengths and experiences. People see me because they want support with concerns such as coping with the world, anxieties, fears or intergenerational trauma. Or maybe folks have identities, behaviours and relations that no longer serve them: maybe they would like to cut down on drinking or leave a relationship or enter a new line of work. They are looking for someone who offers gentle, non-judgmental and authentic support that is tailored for them and their needs.
(289) 272-5314 View (289) 272-5314
Photo of Terri Roberton, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Terri Roberton
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, ExA, MIS, BFA
Verified
3 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4M
As an Expressive Arts Therapist (ExAT) I use an Intersectional Anti-Oppression Feminist (IAOF) and Recovery Oriented approach. I have partnered with clients on the following issues: confidence, sexuality, relationships, trauma, CPTSD, depression, anxiety, isolation; identity, equity, intersecting, or compartmentalized worlds, age, class, image, physical/developmental/emotional ability. Rekindling connection with Self, other and community through creativity. LGBTQQ2SIAAPPSW+ aware. Couples, ENM, Kink aware.
As an Expressive Arts Therapist (ExAT) I use an Intersectional Anti-Oppression Feminist (IAOF) and Recovery Oriented approach. I have partnered with clients on the following issues: confidence, sexuality, relationships, trauma, CPTSD, depression, anxiety, isolation; identity, equity, intersecting, or compartmentalized worlds, age, class, image, physical/developmental/emotional ability. Rekindling connection with Self, other and community through creativity. LGBTQQ2SIAAPPSW+ aware. Couples, ENM, Kink aware.
(647) 362-5204 View (647) 362-5204
Photo of Melissa Chan, Pre-Licensed Professional in Toronto, ON
Melissa Chan
Pre-Licensed Professional, HBSc, JD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5R
Reaching out a hand for help can be terrifying. And yet, stepping through despite the fear takes immense courage. Melissa works with adult clients in individual therapy who struggle with a myriad of concerns, including anxiety, depression, stress, and interpersonal relationship difficulties. She has experience working with clients from diverse backgrounds, whether ethnic, cultural or religious. As such, she understands that each individual’s experience and background is wholly unique.
Reaching out a hand for help can be terrifying. And yet, stepping through despite the fear takes immense courage. Melissa works with adult clients in individual therapy who struggle with a myriad of concerns, including anxiety, depression, stress, and interpersonal relationship difficulties. She has experience working with clients from diverse backgrounds, whether ethnic, cultural or religious. As such, she understands that each individual’s experience and background is wholly unique.
(437) 747-6584 x406 View (437) 747-6584 x406
Photo of Dr. Leann Lapp - Psychology, Psychologist in Toronto, ON
Dr. Leann Lapp - Psychology
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified
Toronto, ON M6P
Not accepting new clients
I am a clinical psychologist who provides in person and virtual therapy to adults wherever they are along the mental health continuum. Using science-based approaches combined with your lived experience, my hope is to facilitate growth, joy, and agency towards your life worth living, as defined by you. A portion of my work is with athletes and para athletes experiencing mental health concerns. My interest in these populations stems from personal experience as a high performance athlete and the ups/downs related to injury and retirement.
I am a clinical psychologist who provides in person and virtual therapy to adults wherever they are along the mental health continuum. Using science-based approaches combined with your lived experience, my hope is to facilitate growth, joy, and agency towards your life worth living, as defined by you. A portion of my work is with athletes and para athletes experiencing mental health concerns. My interest in these populations stems from personal experience as a high performance athlete and the ups/downs related to injury and retirement.
(647) 692-0246 View (647) 692-0246
Bryn Robins
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4Y
Bryn is currently studying Clinical Psychology at Adler Professional Graduate School in Toronto. She has experience assisting individuals with anxiety, depression, relationship and self-esteem issues. Bryn believes a strong therapeutic relationship is the key to creating a safe and non-judgemental environment where individuals can take the time to reflect and develop new coping strategies and greater resilience. She integrates Cognitive Behavioural (CBT), Solutions-Focused, and Interpersonal Therapies (IPT) with other counseling methods when needed. Bryn is working under the supervision of Dr. Lori Walls, psychologist.
Bryn is currently studying Clinical Psychology at Adler Professional Graduate School in Toronto. She has experience assisting individuals with anxiety, depression, relationship and self-esteem issues. Bryn believes a strong therapeutic relationship is the key to creating a safe and non-judgemental environment where individuals can take the time to reflect and develop new coping strategies and greater resilience. She integrates Cognitive Behavioural (CBT), Solutions-Focused, and Interpersonal Therapies (IPT) with other counseling methods when needed. Bryn is working under the supervision of Dr. Lori Walls, psychologist.
(289) 212-6550 x823 View (289) 212-6550 x823
Photo of Michael Silverthorne, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Toronto, ON
Michael Silverthorne
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MACP, RP-Q
Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5C  (Online Only)
Michael is a Counsellor who provides effective and evidence-based talk-therapy services. His goal is to partner with his clients to empower and enhance the quality of their lives. Michael has diverse work experience and a wealth of knowledge that makes him skilled in supporting individuals, couples and families. Whether you are dealing with something specific or are seeking increased satisfaction and balance in life, Michael is here to help.
Michael is a Counsellor who provides effective and evidence-based talk-therapy services. His goal is to partner with his clients to empower and enhance the quality of their lives. Michael has diverse work experience and a wealth of knowledge that makes him skilled in supporting individuals, couples and families. Whether you are dealing with something specific or are seeking increased satisfaction and balance in life, Michael is here to help.
(450) 485-6954 View (450) 485-6954
Photo of Rebecca Lock, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Rebecca Lock
Registered Psychotherapist, PhD, RP
Verified
Toronto, ON M5R
I am a registered psychotherapist and offer psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. I hold a PhD in Sociology, which gives me a particular appreciation for how psychological and relational difficulties are shaped by life experiences and broader social conditions. I see therapy as a unique conversation involving me listening with a non-judgmental curiosity to help you similarly listen to yourself. This approach enables us to explore the experiences and difficulties that bring you to therapy, whether that be a specific crisis, a period of transition, feelings of "stuckness," relational patterns, emotions that trouble you, or an interest in personal growth.
I am a registered psychotherapist and offer psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. I hold a PhD in Sociology, which gives me a particular appreciation for how psychological and relational difficulties are shaped by life experiences and broader social conditions. I see therapy as a unique conversation involving me listening with a non-judgmental curiosity to help you similarly listen to yourself. This approach enables us to explore the experiences and difficulties that bring you to therapy, whether that be a specific crisis, a period of transition, feelings of "stuckness," relational patterns, emotions that trouble you, or an interest in personal growth.
(647) 470-1895 View (647) 470-1895
Photo of Michaele-Sue Goldblatt, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Michaele-Sue Goldblatt
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Toronto, ON M4V
Are you struggling with Loss? Infertility, Pregnancy Loss, Stillbirth, Neonatal death? Are you pregnant after loss? Loss of a loved one. Anxiety combined with Grief? Helping you cope with illness, I offer a compassionate, sensitive space for you to express your sadness, despair & rage at the unfairness of it all & will provide you with support & insight as you try to rebuild your life. Are you adopted & considering Reunion? Are you in a Blended Family needing support? I am available ONLINE by Zoom in Ontario. Early morning, evening & weekend appointments available. See website for more information. Sliding scale re fees.
Are you struggling with Loss? Infertility, Pregnancy Loss, Stillbirth, Neonatal death? Are you pregnant after loss? Loss of a loved one. Anxiety combined with Grief? Helping you cope with illness, I offer a compassionate, sensitive space for you to express your sadness, despair & rage at the unfairness of it all & will provide you with support & insight as you try to rebuild your life. Are you adopted & considering Reunion? Are you in a Blended Family needing support? I am available ONLINE by Zoom in Ontario. Early morning, evening & weekend appointments available. See website for more information. Sliding scale re fees.
(647) 370-4012 View (647) 370-4012
Photo of Julie Erickson, Psychologist in Toronto, ON
Julie Erickson
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified
Toronto, ON M5V  (Online Only)
I specialize in working with adults across the lifespan with anxiety disorders, mood disorders, obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma-related disorders, and substance use difficulties. I also work with individuals who want to learn better coping strategies for dealing with difficult life events and transitions.
I specialize in working with adults across the lifespan with anxiety disorders, mood disorders, obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma-related disorders, and substance use difficulties. I also work with individuals who want to learn better coping strategies for dealing with difficult life events and transitions.
(647) 696-7969 View (647) 696-7969
Photo of Jaylin Bradbury, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Jaylin Bradbury
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Toronto, ON M5A  (Online Only)
I am a Toronto-based therapist trained to help individuals with high levels of stress and anxiety. Anxiety and stress can be debilitating without the proper supports in place. Often we feel overwhelmed with worry or isolated with numbness. It takes courage to reach out, but please know that it can get better over time. Those feelings can change and together we can find the coping skills that suit you and your needs.
I am a Toronto-based therapist trained to help individuals with high levels of stress and anxiety. Anxiety and stress can be debilitating without the proper supports in place. Often we feel overwhelmed with worry or isolated with numbness. It takes courage to reach out, but please know that it can get better over time. Those feelings can change and together we can find the coping skills that suit you and your needs.
(437) 747-8619 View (437) 747-8619
Photo of Lewis Lau, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Toronto, ON
Lewis Lau
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA
Verified
3 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4N  (Online Only)
It’s often hard to succeed in school and/or at work when we’re struggling with distressing feelings that we can’t seem to understand or manage. I specialize in supporting students and professionals by integrating mental health support with the development of the concrete skills needed to thrive in school, work, and relationships.
It’s often hard to succeed in school and/or at work when we’re struggling with distressing feelings that we can’t seem to understand or manage. I specialize in supporting students and professionals by integrating mental health support with the development of the concrete skills needed to thrive in school, work, and relationships.
(647) 691-5225 View (647) 691-5225
Photo of Robin Elizabeth Soper, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Toronto, ON
Robin Elizabeth Soper
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MTA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M6K
If you are struggling with feeling overwhelmed, or experiencing difficulties related to interpersonal relationships, navigating big life changes, or feeling anxious or depressed, you are not alone! Reaching out and starting your journey in therapy is so brave! Regardless of what you want to achieve in therapy I am ready to accompany you on your journey to grow in new and meaningful ways. If you want to learn more about my approach take a look at my instagram account: robinsoperpsychotherapy
If you are struggling with feeling overwhelmed, or experiencing difficulties related to interpersonal relationships, navigating big life changes, or feeling anxious or depressed, you are not alone! Reaching out and starting your journey in therapy is so brave! Regardless of what you want to achieve in therapy I am ready to accompany you on your journey to grow in new and meaningful ways. If you want to learn more about my approach take a look at my instagram account: robinsoperpsychotherapy
(437) 747-8076 View (437) 747-8076
Photo of Jackie Gonzalez, Pre-Licensed Professional in Toronto, ON
Jackie Gonzalez
Pre-Licensed Professional, DC
Verified
Toronto, ON M6G
Do you feel stuck or confused in life? Are you struggling with emotions that dont feel good? They can manifest as depression, anxiety, confusion, overwhelment or stress in your life.
Do you feel stuck or confused in life? Are you struggling with emotions that dont feel good? They can manifest as depression, anxiety, confusion, overwhelment or stress in your life.
(437) 747-6619 View (437) 747-6619
Photo of Caroline Lock, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Caroline Lock
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M6G
I am a Registered Social Worker working in private practice as a therapist, providing in-person therapy in downtown Toronto and online virtual therapy throughout Ontario, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia. I live with type one diabetes, and specialise in providing mental health support to others living with diabetes and other autoimmune disorders. I am also a counsellor with the Family Care Team at one of Ontario’s largest and longest-standing addiction treatment providers, supporting family members, children, and loved ones who have been impacted by someone else’s addiction.
I am a Registered Social Worker working in private practice as a therapist, providing in-person therapy in downtown Toronto and online virtual therapy throughout Ontario, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia. I live with type one diabetes, and specialise in providing mental health support to others living with diabetes and other autoimmune disorders. I am also a counsellor with the Family Care Team at one of Ontario’s largest and longest-standing addiction treatment providers, supporting family members, children, and loved ones who have been impacted by someone else’s addiction.
(437) 747-2932 View (437) 747-2932
Photo of Michelle Couto, Registered Psychotherapist in Toronto, ON
Michelle Couto
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5H
Taking the first step to begin therapy can be difficult. I'm here to provide you with a safe and non-judgmental space where we can explore the factors that have shaped your present circumstance. By deepening your understanding with self-compassion, we can help you connect to your inner strengths and wisdom, and empower you to change habits of thinking and behaving that are no longer serving you. Whether you are struggling with low mood, negative thinking, difficulties managing stress or anxiety, feeling unsatisfied in your relationships or work, or feeling generally unfulfilled or stuck in your life, therapy can help.
Taking the first step to begin therapy can be difficult. I'm here to provide you with a safe and non-judgmental space where we can explore the factors that have shaped your present circumstance. By deepening your understanding with self-compassion, we can help you connect to your inner strengths and wisdom, and empower you to change habits of thinking and behaving that are no longer serving you. Whether you are struggling with low mood, negative thinking, difficulties managing stress or anxiety, feeling unsatisfied in your relationships or work, or feeling generally unfulfilled or stuck in your life, therapy can help.
(647) 492-4307 View (647) 492-4307
Photo of Sabrina Baldini in Toronto, ON
Sabrina Baldini
BA Hon, GCertSH
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5V
Sex is supposed to be fun yet so often it's a source of shame, discomfort, and confusion. My goal is to empower you to reconnect with pleasure, redefine sexual positivity, and strengthen your relationship through open communication. In my private practice I help individuals and couples explore topics such as sex drive mismatch, difficulty with intimacy, sex after pregnancy, kink, polyamory, and BDSM.
Sex is supposed to be fun yet so often it's a source of shame, discomfort, and confusion. My goal is to empower you to reconnect with pleasure, redefine sexual positivity, and strengthen your relationship through open communication. In my private practice I help individuals and couples explore topics such as sex drive mismatch, difficulty with intimacy, sex after pregnancy, kink, polyamory, and BDSM.
(416) 800-3361 View (416) 800-3361
Photo of Amanda Masterton, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Amanda Masterton
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Toronto, ON M5B
I bring a gentle, whole-person approach to therapy with a focus on creating safety and building a trusting therapeutic relationship. I will work collaboratively with you to help you gain new perspectives, shift towards preferred ways of being, and create space for new possibilities. Together, we will tap into your existing strengths and abilities, develop new skills and internal resources, and foster resiliency to help you realise your goals and make positive changes.
I bring a gentle, whole-person approach to therapy with a focus on creating safety and building a trusting therapeutic relationship. I will work collaboratively with you to help you gain new perspectives, shift towards preferred ways of being, and create space for new possibilities. Together, we will tap into your existing strengths and abilities, develop new skills and internal resources, and foster resiliency to help you realise your goals and make positive changes.
(647) 249-7939 View (647) 249-7939
Photo of Ayssa Scipio, Registered Social Worker in Toronto, ON
Ayssa Scipio
Registered Social Worker, BA, RSW, MSW
Verified
Toronto, ON M4K
Anxiety seems to be that one thing that comes up all the time and can do some serious butt-kicking. Are you at the point to where you not only want to understand and dismantle your anxiety, but also want tools to manage it practically on the day-to-day? Or maybe none of this sounds right and you’re here because sex isn’t what it’s been cracked up to be. Maybe you’re here because you want to reclaim your sexuality, rediscover, or reauthor the meaning of sex. Maybe you're here because you want to discuss sex-based trauma, libido, kink, polyamory, or unwanted behaviours.
Anxiety seems to be that one thing that comes up all the time and can do some serious butt-kicking. Are you at the point to where you not only want to understand and dismantle your anxiety, but also want tools to manage it practically on the day-to-day? Or maybe none of this sounds right and you’re here because sex isn’t what it’s been cracked up to be. Maybe you’re here because you want to reclaim your sexuality, rediscover, or reauthor the meaning of sex. Maybe you're here because you want to discuss sex-based trauma, libido, kink, polyamory, or unwanted behaviours.
(647) 560-3978 View (647) 560-3978

See more therapy options for Toronto

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Toronto, ON

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in Toronto, ON who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
84% Self Esteem
80% Stress
72% Coping Skills
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% Green Shield Canada
60% SunLife
57% Canada Life | Great-West Life

How Counsellors in Toronto, ON see their clients

51% In Person and Online
49% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
17% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Toronto?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.