Therapists in Toronto, ON

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Photo of Melissa Turner, MSW, Registered Social Worker
Melissa Turner
Registered Social Worker, MSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M5B  (Online Only)
I’m an experienced Social Worker who supports my clients when they are feeling uncertain about how to move forward in life. Clients often come to me worried about their future, focused on past choices, or concerned that they aren’t where they are “supposed” to be. This may be due to unexpected changes or anticipated transitions.
I’m an experienced Social Worker who supports my clients when they are feeling uncertain about how to move forward in life. Clients often come to me worried about their future, focused on past choices, or concerned that they aren’t where they are “supposed” to be. This may be due to unexpected changes or anticipated transitions.
(437) 747-5195 View (437) 747-5195
Photo of Samantha Medd, MEd, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Samantha Medd
Registered Psychotherapist, MEd, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5E  (Online Only)
Are you feeling trapped in a cycle of overthinking, avoidance, and suffering? Do you sense a disconnection from yourself, your body, relationships, and purpose? If you've grown up navigating emotional minefields, constantly attuned to others' needs and neglecting your own, you are not alone. In our therapeutic journey together, we'll explore the parts of you that have been buried from the shame of trauma. Cultivating mind-body-awareness, we'll process and relieve emotional and physical suffering, allowing you to reclaim agency of your life.
Are you feeling trapped in a cycle of overthinking, avoidance, and suffering? Do you sense a disconnection from yourself, your body, relationships, and purpose? If you've grown up navigating emotional minefields, constantly attuned to others' needs and neglecting your own, you are not alone. In our therapeutic journey together, we'll explore the parts of you that have been buried from the shame of trauma. Cultivating mind-body-awareness, we'll process and relieve emotional and physical suffering, allowing you to reclaim agency of your life.
(647) 492-3427 View (647) 492-3427
Photo of Debbie Papadakis, RP, CHT, CI, Registered Psychotherapist
Debbie Papadakis
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, CHT, CI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M6P
Hello, my name is Debbie Papadakis. My goal is to empower you to unfold your inherent potential by accessing the subconscious mind using a combination of psychotherapy with hypnotherapy to help you live a healthy, wealthy, productive and happy life. For more than 25 years, I have worked with a wide variety of individuals, couples and groups from diverse backgrounds to help empower them to overcome limiting beliefs, unwanted behaviours, negative thoughts and emotions, addictions and/or afflictions, fears and phobias that were hindering them from achieving their goals, unleashing their full potential, and living in harmony.
Hello, my name is Debbie Papadakis. My goal is to empower you to unfold your inherent potential by accessing the subconscious mind using a combination of psychotherapy with hypnotherapy to help you live a healthy, wealthy, productive and happy life. For more than 25 years, I have worked with a wide variety of individuals, couples and groups from diverse backgrounds to help empower them to overcome limiting beliefs, unwanted behaviours, negative thoughts and emotions, addictions and/or afflictions, fears and phobias that were hindering them from achieving their goals, unleashing their full potential, and living in harmony.
(855) 982-1391 View (855) 982-1391
Kamal Chandhok
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), RP (Q), MA, OCT, RECE
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6G
Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy: Anxiety, Depression, Cutting Self Harm, Trauma, Suicidal Ideations, Grief, Oppositional Defiant Disorders.
Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy: Anxiety, Depression, Cutting Self Harm, Trauma, Suicidal Ideations, Grief, Oppositional Defiant Disorders.
(437) 371-8855 View (437) 371-8855
Photo of Bill Gayner, BSW, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Bill Gayner
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4W  (Online Only)
I am a gentle, warm, supportive, deeply attuned therapist who has more than twenty years of experience helping people with depression, self-criticism, shame, stigma, anxiety, trauma, inter-personal injuries and losses, feeling stuck, and loss of meaning and sense of direction in life.
I am a gentle, warm, supportive, deeply attuned therapist who has more than twenty years of experience helping people with depression, self-criticism, shame, stigma, anxiety, trauma, inter-personal injuries and losses, feeling stuck, and loss of meaning and sense of direction in life.
(647) 957-9491 View (647) 957-9491
Photo of Jordan O'Connor
Jordan O'Connor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M4M  (Online Only)
Are you struggling in your relationships? Are you concerned about healthy boundaries? Are you dealing with a narcissist and wonder, “What do I do?” Do you feel stressed, because everything is important and you don’t know where do you begin? Are you trying drugs, alcohol, food, sex, pornography, videos games, or scrolling on websites for hours, anything to cope with feelings of boredom or stress? You know you want things to change, yet "something" isn’t clicking. You’re here looking for that "something." Let’s see if I can help.
Are you struggling in your relationships? Are you concerned about healthy boundaries? Are you dealing with a narcissist and wonder, “What do I do?” Do you feel stressed, because everything is important and you don’t know where do you begin? Are you trying drugs, alcohol, food, sex, pornography, videos games, or scrolling on websites for hours, anything to cope with feelings of boredom or stress? You know you want things to change, yet "something" isn’t clicking. You’re here looking for that "something." Let’s see if I can help.
(437) 372-5241 View (437) 372-5241
Photo of Marc Pereira, RP (Q), Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Marc Pereira
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), RP (Q)
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5S
First and foremost, I am here to assist you in tackling whatever concerns you may have. Whether that means lending an ear or supporting you in developing skills and strategies to tackle whatever life may have thrown your way. No two people are the same, as such each person requires their own unique approach to address events from the past, challenges in the present, or concerns about the future. I offer a comfortable, secure, and non-judgmental environment to explore any areas of concern you may have.
First and foremost, I am here to assist you in tackling whatever concerns you may have. Whether that means lending an ear or supporting you in developing skills and strategies to tackle whatever life may have thrown your way. No two people are the same, as such each person requires their own unique approach to address events from the past, challenges in the present, or concerns about the future. I offer a comfortable, secure, and non-judgmental environment to explore any areas of concern you may have.
(289) 768-8229 View (289) 768-8229
Photo of Larae Harbour, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Larae Harbour
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M4E
Are you looking for a therapist who will celebrate you for you as you explore connecting to your truths and healing? Would you like to feel seen, have your voice heard, and get active support when going through a life transition? I offer a kind and gentle approach to address the impacts of trauma, anxiety, depression, and complex stressors. As a therapist who is black, trans, and queer, I bring my whole authentic self to create a safer container for the therapist and client relationship. Together we can process trauma or complex situations, and develop tools for advocating and supporting you.
Are you looking for a therapist who will celebrate you for you as you explore connecting to your truths and healing? Would you like to feel seen, have your voice heard, and get active support when going through a life transition? I offer a kind and gentle approach to address the impacts of trauma, anxiety, depression, and complex stressors. As a therapist who is black, trans, and queer, I bring my whole authentic self to create a safer container for the therapist and client relationship. Together we can process trauma or complex situations, and develop tools for advocating and supporting you.
(289) 806-3049 View (289) 806-3049
Photo of Jacqueline Lau, MA, RP, CCC, Registered Psychotherapist
Jacqueline Lau
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CCC
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5R  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with school stress? Would you like to manage your emotions better? Do you want to learn healthy ways of coping? Do you want to understand your child better? I am a warm and empathetic Registered Pyschotherapist with a passion for building relationships and instilling hope in individuals. My background is in working with children, teens, young adults, and families in the school system and community settings. I believe childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood are formative years and I am here to help you and/or your child navigate life stressors to lead engaged and fulfilling lives.
Are you struggling with school stress? Would you like to manage your emotions better? Do you want to learn healthy ways of coping? Do you want to understand your child better? I am a warm and empathetic Registered Pyschotherapist with a passion for building relationships and instilling hope in individuals. My background is in working with children, teens, young adults, and families in the school system and community settings. I believe childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood are formative years and I am here to help you and/or your child navigate life stressors to lead engaged and fulfilling lives.
(647) 251-8109 View (647) 251-8109
Photo of Noah Lazar, PhD, CPsych, Psychologist
Noah Lazar
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5H
I am a registered clinical psychologist and a Clinical Director and Founder of The Downtown Psychology Clinic, which is a group private practice located in Toronto. I am also an Adjunct Professor and the CBT Program Director at the University of Toronto. I offer assessment and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for a wide-range of difficulties, including mood and anxiety disorders (e.g., Social Phobia, OCD, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Panic Disorder), relationship issues, worry, as well as schizophrenia and other psychoses. I also work extensively with clients to return to work from short- and long-term disability.
I am a registered clinical psychologist and a Clinical Director and Founder of The Downtown Psychology Clinic, which is a group private practice located in Toronto. I am also an Adjunct Professor and the CBT Program Director at the University of Toronto. I offer assessment and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for a wide-range of difficulties, including mood and anxiety disorders (e.g., Social Phobia, OCD, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Panic Disorder), relationship issues, worry, as well as schizophrenia and other psychoses. I also work extensively with clients to return to work from short- and long-term disability.
(844) 332-3144 View (844) 332-3144
Photo of Aleksandra Drozd, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Aleksandra Drozd
Registered Psychotherapist, RP
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6P  (Online Only)
We all struggle in invisible ways as our lives become inhibited by pressures and expectations of the day to day. We are often further debilitated by our less than perfect past, where old hurts and abandon influence our current choices. Most impacted are our relationships, our work, and our connection to the self. I believe therapy gives us the opportunity to both accept what was and is, and through growth orienting processes help us recreate ourselves into versions that feel more aligned with who we would like to become.
We all struggle in invisible ways as our lives become inhibited by pressures and expectations of the day to day. We are often further debilitated by our less than perfect past, where old hurts and abandon influence our current choices. Most impacted are our relationships, our work, and our connection to the self. I believe therapy gives us the opportunity to both accept what was and is, and through growth orienting processes help us recreate ourselves into versions that feel more aligned with who we would like to become.
(289) 206-8733 View (289) 206-8733
Photo of Ayasha Mayr Handel, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Ayasha Mayr Handel
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M9N
I am an unapologetic autistic, disabled social worker and trauma therapist. I work collaboratively with autistic/neurodivergent individuals, families, professionals and leaders, providing non-violent, disability/racial/gender justice based healing support. Healing supports are attuned, holistic, depathologizing and decolonizing; reconnecting with self, community and culture. Our neurotypes do not need “treatment”, and our problems are not the result of “social skills deficits”. Deep healing and liberation come through challenging neurodisablist and sanist systems and finding pathways back to our embodied wisdom, power and JOY!
I am an unapologetic autistic, disabled social worker and trauma therapist. I work collaboratively with autistic/neurodivergent individuals, families, professionals and leaders, providing non-violent, disability/racial/gender justice based healing support. Healing supports are attuned, holistic, depathologizing and decolonizing; reconnecting with self, community and culture. Our neurotypes do not need “treatment”, and our problems are not the result of “social skills deficits”. Deep healing and liberation come through challenging neurodisablist and sanist systems and finding pathways back to our embodied wisdom, power and JOY!
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Photo of Dr. James Watson-Gaze And Associates, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. James Watson-Gaze And Associates
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M5A
Let me help you develop a more satisfying and purposeful life. I'll work collaboratively with you to identify and understand your difficulties and find out what's getting in the way of you living your most meaningful life. We'll then develop a personalized treatment plan that builds on your strengths and includes new strategies to help you navigate life's stressors. Connect today for a free intro call!
Let me help you develop a more satisfying and purposeful life. I'll work collaboratively with you to identify and understand your difficulties and find out what's getting in the way of you living your most meaningful life. We'll then develop a personalized treatment plan that builds on your strengths and includes new strategies to help you navigate life's stressors. Connect today for a free intro call!
(647) 905-6512 View (647) 905-6512
Photo of undefined - Dialectical Living, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Dialectical Living
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M4J  (Online Only)
Are you facing relationship strains, substance abuse, self-harm, and feeling isolated and adrift in life? Struggling to find effective therapy due to long waitlists? If you're seeking to master Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) skills to regain stability and joy, Dialectical Living is here for you. Our ideal client craves tools for emotional regulation, yearns for healthier relationships, and desires a path to inner peace. DBT has demonstrated success in effectively managing conditions such as bipolar disorder, BPD, ADHD, anxiety, addiction and more.
Are you facing relationship strains, substance abuse, self-harm, and feeling isolated and adrift in life? Struggling to find effective therapy due to long waitlists? If you're seeking to master Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) skills to regain stability and joy, Dialectical Living is here for you. Our ideal client craves tools for emotional regulation, yearns for healthier relationships, and desires a path to inner peace. DBT has demonstrated success in effectively managing conditions such as bipolar disorder, BPD, ADHD, anxiety, addiction and more.
(437) 529-4784 View (437) 529-4784
Photo of Nadia Brabant, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Nadia Brabant
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toronto, ON M6P
I am a compassionate and intuitive therapist with 15 years of experience helping individuals and families overcome adversity and achieve greater wellness. My practice is centered on attachment and trauma-informed therapies, which can help with issues such as PTSD, anxiety, depression and other distressing life experiences. I am an EMDR Trained Clinician through EMDRIA and registered with the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers (OCSWSSW). I proudly serve both adolescents and adults, recognizing that well-being and personal growth are essential at any stage of life.
I am a compassionate and intuitive therapist with 15 years of experience helping individuals and families overcome adversity and achieve greater wellness. My practice is centered on attachment and trauma-informed therapies, which can help with issues such as PTSD, anxiety, depression and other distressing life experiences. I am an EMDR Trained Clinician through EMDRIA and registered with the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers (OCSWSSW). I proudly serve both adolescents and adults, recognizing that well-being and personal growth are essential at any stage of life.
(647) 493-1891 View (647) 493-1891
Photo of Derek Cassidy, BSW, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Derek Cassidy
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6G
I am a queer social worker and psychotherapist offering in-person and virtual individual and couples therapy. My work over the past decade has predominantly centred 2SLGBTQ+ communities, but I welcome new clients from all backgrounds and identities to my practice. My intention in our sessions is to create a relationship that balances security, curiosity, and discomfort. Therapy can and should be challenging at times, but we will work together to find a sweet spot that centres safety and trust so that we have a secure foundation to explore uncomfortable topics, to push up against difficult emotions, and to interrogate stuck points.
I am a queer social worker and psychotherapist offering in-person and virtual individual and couples therapy. My work over the past decade has predominantly centred 2SLGBTQ+ communities, but I welcome new clients from all backgrounds and identities to my practice. My intention in our sessions is to create a relationship that balances security, curiosity, and discomfort. Therapy can and should be challenging at times, but we will work together to find a sweet spot that centres safety and trust so that we have a secure foundation to explore uncomfortable topics, to push up against difficult emotions, and to interrogate stuck points.
(647) 251-8244 View (647) 251-8244
Photo of Thomas Blak, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Thomas Blak
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M6G  (Online Only)
I help women and men who are struggling to move forward in their relationships. Whether you're looking to strengthen your bond or navigate through challenges, I'm here to guide you to a happier, more fulfilling connection. I will help you find clarity and empowerment so that you move towards the next step to a brighter future. My expertise extends to all types of relationships – intimate, familial, or those intertwined in the unique bond of twinship. Let's work together to break through barriers and pave the way for lasting happiness.
I help women and men who are struggling to move forward in their relationships. Whether you're looking to strengthen your bond or navigate through challenges, I'm here to guide you to a happier, more fulfilling connection. I will help you find clarity and empowerment so that you move towards the next step to a brighter future. My expertise extends to all types of relationships – intimate, familial, or those intertwined in the unique bond of twinship. Let's work together to break through barriers and pave the way for lasting happiness.
(647) 277-5017 View (647) 277-5017
Photo of Tamar Gyorgyi Hidegh, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Tamar Gyorgyi Hidegh
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M5M  (Online Only)
Have you experienced trauma and feel like you cannot move on? Do you feel numb and easily triggered? Do you sense that a part of you wants to share, but another part makes it impossible to talk about what happened to you? Trauma affects everyone differently. Some may shut down emotionally, avoid intimacy, and become unable to create a trusting bond with others, while others may engage in excessive spending, substance use, and seek out unsafe relationships. While it may seem unachievable, with the right support, you can process trauma and open up for healing.
Have you experienced trauma and feel like you cannot move on? Do you feel numb and easily triggered? Do you sense that a part of you wants to share, but another part makes it impossible to talk about what happened to you? Trauma affects everyone differently. Some may shut down emotionally, avoid intimacy, and become unable to create a trusting bond with others, while others may engage in excessive spending, substance use, and seek out unsafe relationships. While it may seem unachievable, with the right support, you can process trauma and open up for healing.
(437) 747-8056 View (437) 747-8056
Photo of Danielle Sardella, BSc, MEd, MA, Registered Psychotherapist
Danielle Sardella
Registered Psychotherapist, BSc, MEd, MA
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M5R  (Online Only)
I understand the desire to lead an authentic and fulfilling life, and I acknowledge the challenges that are affecting your relationship with yourself, others, and the world around you. There are times when you may feel overwhelmed, lacking motivation, misunderstood, and isolated. You don't have to face this alone.
I understand the desire to lead an authentic and fulfilling life, and I acknowledge the challenges that are affecting your relationship with yourself, others, and the world around you. There are times when you may feel overwhelmed, lacking motivation, misunderstood, and isolated. You don't have to face this alone.
(437) 747-7258 View (437) 747-7258
Photo of Jennifer Boyce, PhD, CPsych, Psychologist
Jennifer Boyce
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
Toronto, ON M2R
Difficulty turning your mind off? Demanding perfection of yourself and falling short? Overwhelmed by deadlines, diapers, and never-ending discussions with... everybody? Everybody wants a piece of your time - including you! I work with busy professionals who recognize that their lives have become unsustainable. Perhaps it has shown up as high blood pressure, a strained relationship, or simply sustained unhappiness. Your life is not working as you would like and something needs to change.
Difficulty turning your mind off? Demanding perfection of yourself and falling short? Overwhelmed by deadlines, diapers, and never-ending discussions with... everybody? Everybody wants a piece of your time - including you! I work with busy professionals who recognize that their lives have become unsustainable. Perhaps it has shown up as high blood pressure, a strained relationship, or simply sustained unhappiness. Your life is not working as you would like and something needs to change.
(888) 998-1559 View (888) 998-1559

See more therapy options for Toronto

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Toronto, ON

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in Toronto, ON who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
84% Self Esteem
79% Stress
72% Coping Skills
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% Green Shield Canada
61% SunLife
58% Canada Life | Great-West Life

How Counsellors in Toronto, ON see their clients

51% In Person and Online
49% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
16% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Toronto?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.