Narcissistic Personality (NPD) Therapists in Richmond Hill, ON

Photo of undefined - Mental Health & Freedom Inc., MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Mental Health & Freedom Inc.
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4C  (Online Only)
Asking for help is a sign of strength. If you are looking for help with anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, BPD, PTSD or have been a victim of narcissistic abuse, it takes courage to ask for help. Admitting you can’t do everything alone is the first step toward achieving wellness in a fast-paced, demanding world. Therapy can enable you to delve deeper through inner child work and reparenting yourself to heal your trauma wounds and move forward. Asking for help and obtaining a fresh perspective of your past is the first and most profound step toward developing the mental muscle needed to attain emotional and mental strength.
Asking for help is a sign of strength. If you are looking for help with anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, BPD, PTSD or have been a victim of narcissistic abuse, it takes courage to ask for help. Admitting you can’t do everything alone is the first step toward achieving wellness in a fast-paced, demanding world. Therapy can enable you to delve deeper through inner child work and reparenting yourself to heal your trauma wounds and move forward. Asking for help and obtaining a fresh perspective of your past is the first and most profound step toward developing the mental muscle needed to attain emotional and mental strength.
(647) 370-3477 View (647) 370-3477
Photo of Doreen Ding, MA, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Doreen Ding
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4E  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
You might find yourself facing moments of fear, doubt, and insecurity while pursuing a fulfilling life. It is my passion to support you through your unique challenges, whether they are rooted in anxiety, mood swings, or the effects of being raised by a narcissistic parent. I believe that there is a wealth of resilience and untapped potential within you to take you toward inner freedom.
You might find yourself facing moments of fear, doubt, and insecurity while pursuing a fulfilling life. It is my passion to support you through your unique challenges, whether they are rooted in anxiety, mood swings, or the effects of being raised by a narcissistic parent. I believe that there is a wealth of resilience and untapped potential within you to take you toward inner freedom.
(437) 747-2894 View (437) 747-2894
Photo of Sarah Posh, MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Sarah Posh
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4E  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck? Do you need someone to listen and help you sort through your thoughts and feelings? Whether you’re struggling with life changes, personally or in your relationships, or have been through a loss, you are not alone. We all struggle. It was by going through my own difficulties and challenges that inspired me to become a psychotherapist so that I can help others take their life in a new direction.
Are you feeling stuck? Do you need someone to listen and help you sort through your thoughts and feelings? Whether you’re struggling with life changes, personally or in your relationships, or have been through a loss, you are not alone. We all struggle. It was by going through my own difficulties and challenges that inspired me to become a psychotherapist so that I can help others take their life in a new direction.
(289) 802-2203 View (289) 802-2203
Photo of Karla Groen, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Karla Groen
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4C  (Online Only)
Sometimes life is just overwhelming and hard. Whether you're experiencing a major life change or feel stuck where you are, therapy is an opportunity to increase your capacity to grow, change, and experience healing. I will work alongside you to find ways to cope with difficulty and experience greater life fulfillment. I work with teens, adults, and couples on a range of issues. I have over 10 years experience working extensively with depression, anxiety, relational conflict, trauma, women's' issues, life transitions, and grief and loss.
Sometimes life is just overwhelming and hard. Whether you're experiencing a major life change or feel stuck where you are, therapy is an opportunity to increase your capacity to grow, change, and experience healing. I will work alongside you to find ways to cope with difficulty and experience greater life fulfillment. I work with teens, adults, and couples on a range of issues. I have over 10 years experience working extensively with depression, anxiety, relational conflict, trauma, women's' issues, life transitions, and grief and loss.
(289) 276-8097 View (289) 276-8097
Photo of Maneet Bhatia - Clinical Psychologist, PhD, C, Psych, Psychologist
Maneet Bhatia - Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, PhD, C, Psych
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4C
Are you seeking expert guidance and support on your path to emotional well-being? Dr. Maneet Bhatia, Clinical Psychologist & Clinical Director at Bhatia Psychology Group, is here to guide you. A graduate of McGill University with over 18 years of clinical experience, Dr. Bhatia is dedicated to empowering adults and couples toward a fulfilling life. Dr. Bhatia and his team at Bhatia Psychology Group can help you explore your emotional landscape with insight and resilience. Whether you're facing relationship challenges, emotional distress, or seeking personal growth, they offer a safe and supportive space to thrive.
Are you seeking expert guidance and support on your path to emotional well-being? Dr. Maneet Bhatia, Clinical Psychologist & Clinical Director at Bhatia Psychology Group, is here to guide you. A graduate of McGill University with over 18 years of clinical experience, Dr. Bhatia is dedicated to empowering adults and couples toward a fulfilling life. Dr. Bhatia and his team at Bhatia Psychology Group can help you explore your emotional landscape with insight and resilience. Whether you're facing relationship challenges, emotional distress, or seeking personal growth, they offer a safe and supportive space to thrive.
(289) 902-2058 View (289) 902-2058
Photo of Pantea Ahmadian, MA, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Pantea Ahmadian
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4E  (Online Only)
Looking for affordable therapy? Are you feeling stuck in the same patterns? Overwhelmed by depression, anxiety, or major life changes? You’re not alone—life can be incredibly challenging. I specialize in helping with anxiety, self-esteem, coping skills, and family and relationship issues. Whether you’re a student, a working professional, or dealing with career stress, I’m here to support you in reclaiming your authentic self and putting your needs first.
Looking for affordable therapy? Are you feeling stuck in the same patterns? Overwhelmed by depression, anxiety, or major life changes? You’re not alone—life can be incredibly challenging. I specialize in helping with anxiety, self-esteem, coping skills, and family and relationship issues. Whether you’re a student, a working professional, or dealing with career stress, I’m here to support you in reclaiming your authentic self and putting your needs first.
(289) 301-9050 View (289) 301-9050
Photo of Nastaran Adibrad Ph.d Registered Psychotherapist, PhD, RP, CCCP, OAMHP, EMDR, Registered Psychotherapist
Nastaran Adibrad Ph.d Registered Psychotherapist
Registered Psychotherapist, PhD, RP, CCCP, OAMHP, EMDR
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4B  (Online Only)
Nastaran Adibrad, Ph.D. is a Registered Psychotherapist, Certified Canadian Counsellour and Psychotherapist (CCCP) with a specialty in Couple and Family Therapy and 17 years experience. She received her undergraduate degree, B.A in psychotherapy from Esfahan University in 1992, M.A In Psychotherapy from Allameh Tabatabaee University in 1998. She got her Ph.D in psychotherapy from Teacher Training University of Iran in 2004. From 1996 to 2008, she taught at Psychology and Educational Science Department at Esfahan University and Shahid Beheshti University where she had an opportunity to educate many B.A and M.A's students in Iran
Nastaran Adibrad, Ph.D. is a Registered Psychotherapist, Certified Canadian Counsellour and Psychotherapist (CCCP) with a specialty in Couple and Family Therapy and 17 years experience. She received her undergraduate degree, B.A in psychotherapy from Esfahan University in 1992, M.A In Psychotherapy from Allameh Tabatabaee University in 1998. She got her Ph.D in psychotherapy from Teacher Training University of Iran in 2004. From 1996 to 2008, she taught at Psychology and Educational Science Department at Esfahan University and Shahid Beheshti University where she had an opportunity to educate many B.A and M.A's students in Iran
(647) 800-9997 View (647) 800-9997
Photo of undefined - GTA Psychotherapy, RP, RSW, Registered Psychotherapist
GTA Psychotherapy
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, RSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4B
Hello, and Welcome to our page! Our practice specializes in Addiction, Anxiety, Stabilizing emotions, Depression, Sexual and Physical Abuse, Family/Relationships problems, and self-esteem. Not only can we assist you by giving you tools that you can use to cope with your day-to-day mental health struggles, but we can help you find the root of the cause. We are a team of Psychotherapists and Social Workers combined we have over 25+years of experience working with clients that have challenges with their past trauma that comes up and their overall mental health that is affecting their quality of life.
Hello, and Welcome to our page! Our practice specializes in Addiction, Anxiety, Stabilizing emotions, Depression, Sexual and Physical Abuse, Family/Relationships problems, and self-esteem. Not only can we assist you by giving you tools that you can use to cope with your day-to-day mental health struggles, but we can help you find the root of the cause. We are a team of Psychotherapists and Social Workers combined we have over 25+years of experience working with clients that have challenges with their past trauma that comes up and their overall mental health that is affecting their quality of life.
(289) 217-3608 View (289) 217-3608
Photo of undefined - Leigh-Ann Brunke, EMDR & Trauma Specialist, RP, MC, CHyp, BA, BSS, Registered Psychotherapist
Leigh-Ann Brunke, EMDR & Trauma Specialist
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, MC, CHyp, BA, BSS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4B
I am a EMDR & Trauma specialist and if you notice irritability, anger and nightmares are taking control of your mood, relationships and passions, I can help. What if you could begin living your life for you, with the memories of the past still present but no longer sabotaging your day. I can support you overcome the heavy burden of trauma and increasing hope. I specialize in supporting First Responders and trauma with a focus in PTSI(D) as a stress injury and not a disorder. I will help you navigate the complex past and lived memories with the goal of remembering these past scenes but in a way that they will no longer impact you.
I am a EMDR & Trauma specialist and if you notice irritability, anger and nightmares are taking control of your mood, relationships and passions, I can help. What if you could begin living your life for you, with the memories of the past still present but no longer sabotaging your day. I can support you overcome the heavy burden of trauma and increasing hope. I specialize in supporting First Responders and trauma with a focus in PTSI(D) as a stress injury and not a disorder. I will help you navigate the complex past and lived memories with the goal of remembering these past scenes but in a way that they will no longer impact you.
(289) 272-7379 View (289) 272-7379
Photo of Hadi Bahiraei, PhD, CPsych, Psychologist
Hadi Bahiraei
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4C
With over 20 years of experience in clinical and academic settings, Dr. Hadi Bahiraei is a registered psychologist with the College of Psychologists of Ontario. He has provided psychological treatment to adults and families since 1996. He applies individual Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy, MBCT (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy), Emotion-Focused Therapy ,Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Schema Therapy for a range of psychological difficulties such as personality disorders, depression and stress, anxiety (phobias, trauma, PTSD, and compulsions), and health anxiety. He also conducts psychological assessments/evaluations for a range of emotional and cognitive problems with adults.
With over 20 years of experience in clinical and academic settings, Dr. Hadi Bahiraei is a registered psychologist with the College of Psychologists of Ontario. He has provided psychological treatment to adults and families since 1996. He applies individual Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy, MBCT (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy), Emotion-Focused Therapy ,Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Schema Therapy for a range of psychological difficulties such as personality disorders, depression and stress, anxiety (phobias, trauma, PTSD, and compulsions), and health anxiety. He also conducts psychological assessments/evaluations for a range of emotional and cognitive problems with adults.
(647) 930-6787 View (647) 930-6787
Photo of Shabana B, RP, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Shabana B
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), RP
Not Verified Not Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4B
I received her undergraduate degree in Health Science and later graduated with her Master’s in Clinical Mental Health Counselling. I am currently a professional member of the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA) and a Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) with the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO). During my internship, I worked with teens, adults, and couples.
I received her undergraduate degree in Health Science and later graduated with her Master’s in Clinical Mental Health Counselling. I am currently a professional member of the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA) and a Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) with the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO). During my internship, I worked with teens, adults, and couples.
(289) 236-0761 View (289) 236-0761
Photo of Shabnam Janet Janani, MSW, RSW, LICSW, LCSW, Registered Social Worker
Shabnam Janet Janani
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4B  (Online Only)
Are you experiencing burnout in your relationships? Do you feel overwhelmed with life's challenges? Let me help you. My therapeutic approach helps you to be more aware of your fears, resentments, anger, anxiety, negative thoughts, and undesirable habits. On the next step, I will assist you to overcome all these challenges. On every level, this process improves your relationships with family, partner, co-workers, friends, and more importantly with your own sense of self. During the course of therapy, I commit myself in providing a confidential, empathic, and collaborative approach to build an effective relationship with you.
Are you experiencing burnout in your relationships? Do you feel overwhelmed with life's challenges? Let me help you. My therapeutic approach helps you to be more aware of your fears, resentments, anger, anxiety, negative thoughts, and undesirable habits. On the next step, I will assist you to overcome all these challenges. On every level, this process improves your relationships with family, partner, co-workers, friends, and more importantly with your own sense of self. During the course of therapy, I commit myself in providing a confidential, empathic, and collaborative approach to build an effective relationship with you.
(289) 807-1534 View (289) 807-1534
Photo of undefined - Affordable online counselling / Yalda Sharif, MA, Counsellor
Affordable online counselling / Yalda Sharif
Counsellor, MA
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4B  (Online Only)
Life is blended with different stages and we are made to challenge life in different ways. Never give up! I have been accompanying my clients through their life transformations. Therapeutic sessions are such mutual teamwork. I hope to be the one who creates a miracle in your life. Every range of individuals from 12 are offered mental health services at Universal Counseling. I will help you even if you are in financial difficulties, just come before its too late! (Most insurances are covered by us). Book your first session at: https://www.universalcounseling.org/
Life is blended with different stages and we are made to challenge life in different ways. Never give up! I have been accompanying my clients through their life transformations. Therapeutic sessions are such mutual teamwork. I hope to be the one who creates a miracle in your life. Every range of individuals from 12 are offered mental health services at Universal Counseling. I will help you even if you are in financial difficulties, just come before its too late! (Most insurances are covered by us). Book your first session at: https://www.universalcounseling.org/
(365) 298-0225 View (365) 298-0225
Photo of Kristy Diores, RPQ, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Kristy Diores
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), RPQ
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4B  (Online Only)
Are you struggling to find yourself? Cant get through the changes life throws at you?Hey there, I'm Kristy, a Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) specializing in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT). My focus? You. As your guide, I'm here to unravel the complexities and challenges you're facing, using every tool in my arsenal to navigate towards your goals. Having sat in the client's chair myself, I understand the vulnerability of opening up to a stranger. Yet, it's a courageous step toward self-improvement.
Are you struggling to find yourself? Cant get through the changes life throws at you?Hey there, I'm Kristy, a Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) specializing in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT). My focus? You. As your guide, I'm here to unravel the complexities and challenges you're facing, using every tool in my arsenal to navigate towards your goals. Having sat in the client's chair myself, I understand the vulnerability of opening up to a stranger. Yet, it's a courageous step toward self-improvement.
(289) 271-1847 View (289) 271-1847
Photo of Mohammad (Moe) Molaei, MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Mohammad (Moe) Molaei
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4C  (Online Only)
Everyone deserves the opportunity to hear and be heard; understand their life challenges, create purposeful change. Together we can unlock your potential for growth and healing. We can explore the patterns in your life that hold you back and keep you from achieving greater happiness and a greater sense of satisfaction in your life. We may be a good match if you wish a long term, flexible, deep and compassionate process. www.mmolaei.com
Everyone deserves the opportunity to hear and be heard; understand their life challenges, create purposeful change. Together we can unlock your potential for growth and healing. We can explore the patterns in your life that hold you back and keep you from achieving greater happiness and a greater sense of satisfaction in your life. We may be a good match if you wish a long term, flexible, deep and compassionate process. www.mmolaei.com
(855) 782-1604 View (855) 782-1604
Photo of undefined - Dr Carolyne Lee @ FLEX Psychology, PhD, Psychologist
Dr Carolyne Lee @ FLEX Psychology
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4B
Many people experience difficulty managing their emotions or feel “stuck” in life. Collaboratively, we will work together towards meaningful change. My approach is informed by Emotion-Focused, Cognitive-Behavioural, and Acceptance and Commitment therapies. I provide therapy to teens and adults, with particular expertise in depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and trauma/abuse.
Many people experience difficulty managing their emotions or feel “stuck” in life. Collaboratively, we will work together towards meaningful change. My approach is informed by Emotion-Focused, Cognitive-Behavioural, and Acceptance and Commitment therapies. I provide therapy to teens and adults, with particular expertise in depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and trauma/abuse.
(289) 809-6177 View (289) 809-6177
Photo of Ilana Blumenkranz, MSc, RP (Q), OAMHP, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Ilana Blumenkranz
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MSc, RP (Q), OAMHP
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4E  (Online Only)
Ilana is a Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying). She has experience working with a diverse range of clients, from various cultural backgrounds and ages ranging from adolescents to older adults. She provides individual, couples and family therapy. Her experience on various distresses is extensive, and includes depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, addictive behaviours, relationship issues, low self-esteem, grief and bereavement, complex family dynamics, co-dependency, borderline-personality disorder, bi-polar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and an array of other mental health concerns.
Ilana is a Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying). She has experience working with a diverse range of clients, from various cultural backgrounds and ages ranging from adolescents to older adults. She provides individual, couples and family therapy. Her experience on various distresses is extensive, and includes depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, addictive behaviours, relationship issues, low self-esteem, grief and bereavement, complex family dynamics, co-dependency, borderline-personality disorder, bi-polar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and an array of other mental health concerns.
(647) 370-0417 View (647) 370-0417
Photo of Mahtab Yazdani, BSW, Hons, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Mahtab Yazdani
Registered Social Worker, BSW, Hons, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Richmond Hill, ON L4C
I understand that at any stage of life whether married or single, issues do arise that are challenging & stressful. If you feel your connection with your partner is not strong as it used to be, If you have been traumatized by life events, unexpected changes & you are thinking things are getting out of control, feel anxious ,angry or sad, you can contact me, together we can construct the best path to improve your relationship, heal your heart and calm your anxious body & mind. I want you to remember that you are worthy of a healthy relationship, and I want you to know that depression or anxiety are curable.
I understand that at any stage of life whether married or single, issues do arise that are challenging & stressful. If you feel your connection with your partner is not strong as it used to be, If you have been traumatized by life events, unexpected changes & you are thinking things are getting out of control, feel anxious ,angry or sad, you can contact me, together we can construct the best path to improve your relationship, heal your heart and calm your anxious body & mind. I want you to remember that you are worthy of a healthy relationship, and I want you to know that depression or anxiety are curable.
(289) 278-8548 View (289) 278-8548
Photo of Ida Zarrabi, BSc, ADMH, MACP, Registered Psychotherapist
Ida Zarrabi
Registered Psychotherapist, BSc, ADMH, MACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4C
Hey, I am Ida- welcome! My approach is completely client-centred and grounded in empathy, authenticity and collaboration. Inclusivity and integrity are primary pillars in my practice with rapport-building being a fundamental component of a competent counselling culture. I aim to support individuals in finding balance within their lives and in their minds.
Hey, I am Ida- welcome! My approach is completely client-centred and grounded in empathy, authenticity and collaboration. Inclusivity and integrity are primary pillars in my practice with rapport-building being a fundamental component of a competent counselling culture. I aim to support individuals in finding balance within their lives and in their minds.
(437) 372-5668 View (437) 372-5668
Photo of Roshanak Mohammad Pour, BA, Mpsy, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Roshanak Mohammad Pour
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, Mpsy, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Richmond Hill, ON L4S  (Online Only)
Roshanak Mohammad Pour, M. Psy., RP received her bachelor's and master's degrees in Clinical Psychology from York University and Adler University in Toronto, Canada. She is trying to assist you in addressing life obstacles in a manner that is tailored to you, your lifestyle, and your healing aims. She is experienced in helping adults who need therapy on issues like anger management, trauma and PTSD, anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorders, stress management, pre-marriage and marriage counselling, relationship problems, and behavioural problems.
Roshanak Mohammad Pour, M. Psy., RP received her bachelor's and master's degrees in Clinical Psychology from York University and Adler University in Toronto, Canada. She is trying to assist you in addressing life obstacles in a manner that is tailored to you, your lifestyle, and your healing aims. She is experienced in helping adults who need therapy on issues like anger management, trauma and PTSD, anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorders, stress management, pre-marriage and marriage counselling, relationship problems, and behavioural problems.
(289) 273-2195 View (289) 273-2195

See more therapy options for Richmond Hill

Narcissistic Personality (NPD) Counsellors

What type of therapy is best for narcissistic personality disorder?

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is best treated with talk therapy, which could involve cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, schema therapy, gestalt therapy, or similar approaches. A therapist will help a patient uncover the feelings that may drive their behavior and discover how to engage with themselves and those around them with greater empathy and understanding, fewer demands, and less defensiveness, with the goal of developing a more authentic sense of self that enables healthier relationships.

How do therapists treat NPD?

By developing a strong therapeutic relationship, and continually focusing patients on relationships, community, and connection, a therapist, through talk therapy, may be able to help someone with NPD change. In sessions, a therapist will help an individual achieve relief from their current stressors, including the treatment of co-occurring conditions such as anxiety or depression. A therapist may also help an individual to recognize unhealthy coping mechanisms, learn new ways of interacting with others, and eventually become able to feel and display empathy.

Can a narcissist be cured with therapy?

Therapy can be effective. After a serious setback or great loss, someone with NPD may be forced to recognize that they are not immune to life’s challenges. That can spur feelings of melancholy and depression that lead them to seek professional help. Once an individual decides to seek help, they have already taken a step that the majority of those with NPD never will. Still, people with NPD often quit therapy as they naturally resist feeling vulnerable, being challenged, or admitting to flaws.

How can you get narcissistic personality disorder treatment for someone?

It is notoriously difficult to convince someone with NPD to seek help. With their feelings of superiority, they may be unlikely to recognize or acknowledge that they have a problem, or that their problem is narcissism. Sometimes, they are aware that they are arrogant and that others resent them but they don’t see it as a problem because they are convinced of their superiority. People with NPD have trouble maintaining relationships, but family members and others who do feel close to them, and whose presence they value, may be able to encourage them to seek therapy.