Therapists in Owen Sound, ON

Photo of Soulscape Services, Registered Psychotherapist in Owen Sound, ON
Soulscape Services
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, BAHon, RP
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Life is nothing short of amazing. It's amazing how much we can go through and live to tell about it. It's amazing how fast kids grow up and time flies, how angry a co-worker can make you, how much compassion we can seem to have for others when we struggle to offer any to ourselves. It's amazing how much we put on our plates when all we need is to rest. It's amazing how much we can long for understanding and connection and how much opportunity can be missed right in front of our eyes. It's amazing how short life is. It's also amazing how much we can learn in the time we have, and how little steps can amount to such massive change.
Life is nothing short of amazing. It's amazing how much we can go through and live to tell about it. It's amazing how fast kids grow up and time flies, how angry a co-worker can make you, how much compassion we can seem to have for others when we struggle to offer any to ourselves. It's amazing how much we put on our plates when all we need is to rest. It's amazing how much we can long for understanding and connection and how much opportunity can be missed right in front of our eyes. It's amazing how short life is. It's also amazing how much we can learn in the time we have, and how little steps can amount to such massive change.
(289) 803-5817 View (289) 803-5817
Photo of Stephanie Reid, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Owen Sound, ON
Stephanie Reid
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BSc, LLB, MACP
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
I am a warm, caring, and insightful psychotherapist. I provide calming support to individual adolescents and adults facing challenges related to depression, anxiety, relationship issues, grief, and trauma. I believe that we all have the ability to work through challenges and to make lasting positive changes, and I recognize the courage that it takes to reach out for assistance. My approach is respectful, client-centred and trauma-informed; I offer a safe, interested and accepting space for each client to work towards better mental health.
I am a warm, caring, and insightful psychotherapist. I provide calming support to individual adolescents and adults facing challenges related to depression, anxiety, relationship issues, grief, and trauma. I believe that we all have the ability to work through challenges and to make lasting positive changes, and I recognize the courage that it takes to reach out for assistance. My approach is respectful, client-centred and trauma-informed; I offer a safe, interested and accepting space for each client to work towards better mental health.
(548) 490-7104 View (548) 490-7104
Photo of Rebekkah Williams, Registered Psychotherapist in Owen Sound, ON
Rebekkah Williams
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, ExAT, TIR
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in working with adults who have experienced trauma. I specialize in treating sexual abuse, sexual exploitation and traffiking, intergenerational trauma and working with those who are dealing with the effects of post traumatic stress disorder and who are looking to reclaim their lives. I work with Indigenous Services Heath Canada - Residential Schools, Day Schools and MMIWG programs. I also work with those dealing with PTSD as a result of their professional lives and who have experienced vicarious trauma. Additionally I offer extensive training programs in Trauma and Trauma Informed Theory and Practice.
I specialize in working with adults who have experienced trauma. I specialize in treating sexual abuse, sexual exploitation and traffiking, intergenerational trauma and working with those who are dealing with the effects of post traumatic stress disorder and who are looking to reclaim their lives. I work with Indigenous Services Heath Canada - Residential Schools, Day Schools and MMIWG programs. I also work with those dealing with PTSD as a result of their professional lives and who have experienced vicarious trauma. Additionally I offer extensive training programs in Trauma and Trauma Informed Theory and Practice.
(226) 773-4286 View (226) 773-4286
Photo of Lisa S Dyment, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Lisa S Dyment
Registered Social Worker, BA, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K  (Online Only)
Yearning for clarity and self-understanding? Let's honor your emotions, nurture self-compassion, and explore your unique perspective in our safe therapy space. You steer the ship; I'm here to support you with tools and encouragement to empower your journey. Gain insights, navigate life, and embrace your authentic self. Let's start this adventure together! Reach out to uncover your 'emotional why' and unlock your potential.
Yearning for clarity and self-understanding? Let's honor your emotions, nurture self-compassion, and explore your unique perspective in our safe therapy space. You steer the ship; I'm here to support you with tools and encouragement to empower your journey. Gain insights, navigate life, and embrace your authentic self. Let's start this adventure together! Reach out to uncover your 'emotional why' and unlock your potential.
(437) 371-2422 View (437) 371-2422
Photo of Sarah Henderson in Owen Sound, ON
Sarah Henderson
MA
Owen Sound, ON N4K
If you are living with grief or facing the death of someone important to you, it can feel as though the ground beneath you has suddenly dropped away, leaving you disoriented, uncertain and isolated. Every aspect of self is touched by deep grief- physically, cognitively, emotionally, socially, sexually and spiritually, we are changed. Skilled, attuned and compassionate support helps us to recalibrate our grieving systems and in doing so, make space for the return of comfort, confidence and meaning.
If you are living with grief or facing the death of someone important to you, it can feel as though the ground beneath you has suddenly dropped away, leaving you disoriented, uncertain and isolated. Every aspect of self is touched by deep grief- physically, cognitively, emotionally, socially, sexually and spiritually, we are changed. Skilled, attuned and compassionate support helps us to recalibrate our grieving systems and in doing so, make space for the return of comfort, confidence and meaning.
(226) 773-3915 View (226) 773-3915
Photo of Amelia Pendleton, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Amelia Pendleton
Registered Social Worker, BA, BSW, MSW RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
I am a Registered Social Worker with a strong interest in supporting my clients to gain a deeper understanding of self, change ineffective emotional and behavioral patterns, explore relationships, and enrich their personal wellness. I am excited to offer a warm and collaborative service to adult individuals experiencing depression, anxiety disorders, relationship issues, past trauma, grief, and struggles with self esteem.
I am a Registered Social Worker with a strong interest in supporting my clients to gain a deeper understanding of self, change ineffective emotional and behavioral patterns, explore relationships, and enrich their personal wellness. I am excited to offer a warm and collaborative service to adult individuals experiencing depression, anxiety disorders, relationship issues, past trauma, grief, and struggles with self esteem.
(548) 708-5233 View (548) 708-5233
Photo of Peter McMurray, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Peter McMurray
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Life can be challenging enough without with the added challenges of anxiety, worry, workplace stress, family challenges or trauma. These can steal the joy from your life, the pride from your accomplishments and even the hope from your future. They can make you question whether you can continue to do your job, succeed in school or even whether you'll be able to enjoy your retirement. Counselling gives you the opportunity to build up your strength, learn new skills and overcome those challenges so that you can not just function but thrive in your daily life, whether at home, school, career or retirement.
Life can be challenging enough without with the added challenges of anxiety, worry, workplace stress, family challenges or trauma. These can steal the joy from your life, the pride from your accomplishments and even the hope from your future. They can make you question whether you can continue to do your job, succeed in school or even whether you'll be able to enjoy your retirement. Counselling gives you the opportunity to build up your strength, learn new skills and overcome those challenges so that you can not just function but thrive in your daily life, whether at home, school, career or retirement.
(548) 486-5061 View (548) 486-5061
Photo of Robin Julie Dewhurst, Registered Psychotherapist in Owen Sound, ON
Robin Julie Dewhurst
Registered Psychotherapist, MA Th, (SCP)RP
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Most of us want the same things in life- purposeful living, harmonious relationships, peace. We want a sense of love and belonging. We want to be happy. Choices, transitions and challenges in life can be hard to navigate on our own but there are peaceful resolutions and ways to overcome our internal blocks and core beliefs, our over- thinking and self esteem. We are all capable of self- healing especially when we activate our powerful subconscious using theta healing and hypnosis.
Most of us want the same things in life- purposeful living, harmonious relationships, peace. We want a sense of love and belonging. We want to be happy. Choices, transitions and challenges in life can be hard to navigate on our own but there are peaceful resolutions and ways to overcome our internal blocks and core beliefs, our over- thinking and self esteem. We are all capable of self- healing especially when we activate our powerful subconscious using theta healing and hypnosis.
(226) 212-5234 View (226) 212-5234
Photo of Wayne Peters, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Wayne Peters
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW, BSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K  (Online Only)
Are you dealing with uncertainty, or feeling overwhelmed by emotions? Are you struggling with trauma, loss, or a sense of disconnection? If life's demands push your needs and dreams aside, and you're seeking clarity and understanding, know that you're not alone. I am here to support you, help you find yourself, and make your life more fulfilling.
Are you dealing with uncertainty, or feeling overwhelmed by emotions? Are you struggling with trauma, loss, or a sense of disconnection? If life's demands push your needs and dreams aside, and you're seeking clarity and understanding, know that you're not alone. I am here to support you, help you find yourself, and make your life more fulfilling.
(548) 490-6463 View (548) 490-6463
Photo of Steven Green, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Steven Green
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Waitlist for new clients
I work with military veterans, and supporting first responders, particularly those new to policing, fire and EMS. 24+ yrs working in family support & mental health. 14+ yrs working with active duty military, I am knowledgeable & comfortable with military rank & culture, and the array of CAF operational environments. I support the development & maintenance of mental resilience, and recovery when there is traumatic exposure on the job. My focus is trauma, PTSD & operational stress injuries. I am familiar with the conflict between duty & honour vs. the impact of war and/or emergency services, and resulting moral injury.
I work with military veterans, and supporting first responders, particularly those new to policing, fire and EMS. 24+ yrs working in family support & mental health. 14+ yrs working with active duty military, I am knowledgeable & comfortable with military rank & culture, and the array of CAF operational environments. I support the development & maintenance of mental resilience, and recovery when there is traumatic exposure on the job. My focus is trauma, PTSD & operational stress injuries. I am familiar with the conflict between duty & honour vs. the impact of war and/or emergency services, and resulting moral injury.
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Photo of Jody Woodcock, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Jody Woodcock
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MACP, RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K  (Online Only)
Almost everyone will experience grief and loss in their lifetime and while there are no absolute stages of grief and no single way to mourn, every person has a unique experience and response to their loss. We experience loss in many ways – through sudden, unexpected death, miscarriage, infant loss, job loss, the ending of a relationship or through chronic illness, aging, life transitions, end of life planning and anticipating the death of a loved one.
Almost everyone will experience grief and loss in their lifetime and while there are no absolute stages of grief and no single way to mourn, every person has a unique experience and response to their loss. We experience loss in many ways – through sudden, unexpected death, miscarriage, infant loss, job loss, the ending of a relationship or through chronic illness, aging, life transitions, end of life planning and anticipating the death of a loved one.
(226) 270-9455 View (226) 270-9455
Photo of Brooke Green, Registered Psychotherapist in Owen Sound, ON
Brooke Green
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP, BA
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Waitlist for new clients
My goal is to provide a calm, warm and welcoming space for clients to feel as comfortable as possible. Therapy is a process of growth and self-discovery, which I approach in a collaborative and relational way. This basically means that I work with you as we take all factors in your life into consideration in order to facilitate meaningful change. I am currently only working with women and teenage clients.
My goal is to provide a calm, warm and welcoming space for clients to feel as comfortable as possible. Therapy is a process of growth and self-discovery, which I approach in a collaborative and relational way. This basically means that I work with you as we take all factors in your life into consideration in order to facilitate meaningful change. I am currently only working with women and teenage clients.
(226) 455-1609 View (226) 455-1609
Photo of Nicole Churchill, Registered Psychotherapist in Owen Sound, ON
Nicole Churchill
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Waitlist for new clients
Hi, I am a Registered Psychotherapist (RP), with a Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology degree and over 10 years clinical experience. I have experience working with children, teens, and adults in a variety of settings; as a psychometrist (completing psycho-educational assessments), as a Youth Counsellor, and as a Community Adult Mental Health and Addictions Counsellor. My passion is Neurofeedback (NFB), a form of biofeedback which allows you to target and strengthen key brain circuits with real-time feedback. Check out this video https://www.centerforbrain.com/what-is-neurofeedback-video/
Hi, I am a Registered Psychotherapist (RP), with a Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology degree and over 10 years clinical experience. I have experience working with children, teens, and adults in a variety of settings; as a psychometrist (completing psycho-educational assessments), as a Youth Counsellor, and as a Community Adult Mental Health and Addictions Counsellor. My passion is Neurofeedback (NFB), a form of biofeedback which allows you to target and strengthen key brain circuits with real-time feedback. Check out this video https://www.centerforbrain.com/what-is-neurofeedback-video/
(548) 486-5053 View (548) 486-5053
Photo of Jason W Dedrick, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Jason W Dedrick
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
I am a Registered Social Worker working with individuals and couples who are looking for guidance in bettering their mental health and well-being in all aspects of life. I believe therapy can  help to resolve life issues and create lasting positive changes in oneself and relationships. This can  allow you to take control of your happiness and aid in building skills to improve your over-all quality of life. Graduating in 2006 with my Masters of Social Work from York University I have worked with both adults and children.
I am a Registered Social Worker working with individuals and couples who are looking for guidance in bettering their mental health and well-being in all aspects of life. I believe therapy can  help to resolve life issues and create lasting positive changes in oneself and relationships. This can  allow you to take control of your happiness and aid in building skills to improve your over-all quality of life. Graduating in 2006 with my Masters of Social Work from York University I have worked with both adults and children.
(519) 477-2933 View (519) 477-2933
Photo of Lorna Grant, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Lorna Grant
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Why not consider giving yourself the gift of awareness, kindness and long-lasting change? I practice with respect, mindfulness and compassion. I value emotional memories and honour inner wisdom and strength. My goal is to work with you to alleviate distress and build resilience. I work in partnership with you to develop tools and the practical "know how" to meet the current challenges of your life with calmness and confidence. We will also explore how past experiences are shaping current responses and how your brain can be "retrained" to react differently.
Why not consider giving yourself the gift of awareness, kindness and long-lasting change? I practice with respect, mindfulness and compassion. I value emotional memories and honour inner wisdom and strength. My goal is to work with you to alleviate distress and build resilience. I work in partnership with you to develop tools and the practical "know how" to meet the current challenges of your life with calmness and confidence. We will also explore how past experiences are shaping current responses and how your brain can be "retrained" to react differently.
(226) 243-0545 View (226) 243-0545
Photo of Andrea Croft, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Andrea Croft
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
Not accepting new clients
I am a Registered Social Worker working with individuals who are looking for guidance in bettering their mental health and well-being in all aspects of life. I believe therapy can empower you to take control of your happiness and aid in building skills to improve your over-all quality of life. Graduating in 2006 with an undergraduate degree from the University of Waterloo, I continued on to complete my Masters of Social Work from the University of Windsor in 2011. I have worked with both adults and children, and am impassioned by work in mental health and trauma.
I am a Registered Social Worker working with individuals who are looking for guidance in bettering their mental health and well-being in all aspects of life. I believe therapy can empower you to take control of your happiness and aid in building skills to improve your over-all quality of life. Graduating in 2006 with an undergraduate degree from the University of Waterloo, I continued on to complete my Masters of Social Work from the University of Windsor in 2011. I have worked with both adults and children, and am impassioned by work in mental health and trauma.
(226) 773-1736 View (226) 773-1736
Photo of Amy Bowins, Registered Social Worker in Owen Sound, ON
Amy Bowins
Registered Social Worker, BA Hons, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K  (Online Only)
I have 19 years of experience as a Registered Social Worker providing treatment for individuals who are experiencing a range of struggles including; relationship breakdown, stress, anxiety, substance use, and sleep difficulties. Seeking help and support feels scary and it takes courage to reach out. I would like to help you embrace your inherent resilience and expand your inner strength. Existing in a place of distress is mentally exhausting, emotionally taxing and physically draining. There is another way, and you have it within you to discover there is more to life than merely existing.
I have 19 years of experience as a Registered Social Worker providing treatment for individuals who are experiencing a range of struggles including; relationship breakdown, stress, anxiety, substance use, and sleep difficulties. Seeking help and support feels scary and it takes courage to reach out. I would like to help you embrace your inherent resilience and expand your inner strength. Existing in a place of distress is mentally exhausting, emotionally taxing and physically draining. There is another way, and you have it within you to discover there is more to life than merely existing.
(226) 455-9384 View (226) 455-9384
Photo of Brooke Growden, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Owen Sound, ON
Brooke Growden
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MEd, MA, PhD
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K  (Online Only)
Do you want to understand why you keep responding the same way to what life throws at you? Do you long to be seen, heard, and understood—but aren’t sure how that is possible? Perhaps your ways of operating the world served you well at one time, but no longer serve you now. These revelations can become apparent to us as we navigate life transitions such as starting academic programs, new careers, relationships, or becoming a parent. Or, sometimes we just don’t want to operate on autopilot anymore. I can offer you a safe and supportive space for you to explore your inner wisdom. I can offer you a space to be heard and empowered.
Do you want to understand why you keep responding the same way to what life throws at you? Do you long to be seen, heard, and understood—but aren’t sure how that is possible? Perhaps your ways of operating the world served you well at one time, but no longer serve you now. These revelations can become apparent to us as we navigate life transitions such as starting academic programs, new careers, relationships, or becoming a parent. Or, sometimes we just don’t want to operate on autopilot anymore. I can offer you a safe and supportive space for you to explore your inner wisdom. I can offer you a space to be heard and empowered.
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Photo of Amy Tremblay, Registered Psychotherapist in Owen Sound, ON
Amy Tremblay
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, MACP, DipED, BA
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
I use a wide range of therapeutic interventions that best fit each client’s needs. My client-centred practice located in the heart of downtown Owen Sound and provides a calm environment in which clients can feel at home and comfortable. I am dedicated to helping facilitate change in my sessions and I look forward to meeting potential clients and working with them to achieve their therapeutic goals.
I use a wide range of therapeutic interventions that best fit each client’s needs. My client-centred practice located in the heart of downtown Owen Sound and provides a calm environment in which clients can feel at home and comfortable. I am dedicated to helping facilitate change in my sessions and I look forward to meeting potential clients and working with them to achieve their therapeutic goals.
(249) 500-4897 View (249) 500-4897
Photo of Heather Prescott, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in Owen Sound, ON
Heather Prescott
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, NP, MSc
Verified
Owen Sound, ON N4K
My therapeutic approach with individuals rests on the belief that everyone is doing the best they can with the tools and resources they have at any given moment. I provide a safe, respectful, and non-judgmental space to be seen, heard, and understood. My mission is to provide clients with an accessible and supportive space to reclaim their bodies and empower their own health + healing with an emphasis on choice and safety.
My therapeutic approach with individuals rests on the belief that everyone is doing the best they can with the tools and resources they have at any given moment. I provide a safe, respectful, and non-judgmental space to be seen, heard, and understood. My mission is to provide clients with an accessible and supportive space to reclaim their bodies and empower their own health + healing with an emphasis on choice and safety.
(226) 212-7748 View (226) 212-7748

See more therapy options for Owen Sound

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Owen Sound, ON

90+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in Owen Sound, ON who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
88% Depression
77% Stress
75% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
72% Coping Skills
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

52% Green Shield Canada
40% Great-West Life
40% Other

How Counsellors in Owen Sound, ON see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

89% Female
8% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Owen Sound?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.