Narcissistic Personality (NPD) Therapists in North York, ON

Photo of David Bruce, RP, C-PD, ASDCS, ADHD-CP, CCTP-II, Registered Psychotherapist
David Bruce
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, C-PD, ASDCS, ADHD-CP, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North York, ON M3B  (Online Only)
Borderline, Narcissistic, and Avoidant Personality Disorders (BPD, NPD, and APD), complex trauma, autism, and undiagnosed ADHD can lead to insomnia, addictions, anger issues, major depression, and crippling social anxiety.
You're hurting. Despite the brave front, you're wondering if anyone really sees you, hears you, or understands you. In moments of deep honesty, you admit to yourself that you've been feeling this way for a long, long time. A friend of yours, a family member, maybe even your partner has told you that You could use "some help." You've googled your symptoms and downloaded apps, but you're really not sure what's going on with you. You've even tried therapy before, but it only seemed to scratch the surface. You're not alone, believe me. You sound like most of my clients.
Borderline, Narcissistic, and Avoidant Personality Disorders (BPD, NPD, and APD), complex trauma, autism, and undiagnosed ADHD can lead to insomnia, addictions, anger issues, major depression, and crippling social anxiety.
You're hurting. Despite the brave front, you're wondering if anyone really sees you, hears you, or understands you. In moments of deep honesty, you admit to yourself that you've been feeling this way for a long, long time. A friend of yours, a family member, maybe even your partner has told you that You could use "some help." You've googled your symptoms and downloaded apps, but you're really not sure what's going on with you. You've even tried therapy before, but it only seemed to scratch the surface. You're not alone, believe me. You sound like most of my clients.
(647) 696-7898 x103 View (647) 696-7898 x103
Photo of undefined - Divorce Healing Coach, RSSW, PCC
Divorce Healing Coach
Registered Social Service Worker, RSSW, PCC
Verified Verified
North York, ON M3B
I feel it's important to specialize in an area and that's why I've dedicated my to healing through high-conflict divorce, including narcissistic abuse and intimate partner violence.
Hi, I'm Bonnie Duarte, a compassionate Registered Social Service Worker specializing in Divorce Healing. I understand the overwhelming emotions you're facing. Whether you're feeling hopeless or overwhelmed, I'm here to provide tailored guidance and support. Together, we'll navigate the complexities of divorce, including high-conflict dynamics and narcissistic abuse. You deserve emotional support, practical tools, and guidance to rebuild your life with resilience and confidence. Let's work towards healing, setting healthy boundaries, and feeling like yourself again.
I feel it's important to specialize in an area and that's why I've dedicated my to healing through high-conflict divorce, including narcissistic abuse and intimate partner violence.
Hi, I'm Bonnie Duarte, a compassionate Registered Social Service Worker specializing in Divorce Healing. I understand the overwhelming emotions you're facing. Whether you're feeling hopeless or overwhelmed, I'm here to provide tailored guidance and support. Together, we'll navigate the complexities of divorce, including high-conflict dynamics and narcissistic abuse. You deserve emotional support, practical tools, and guidance to rebuild your life with resilience and confidence. Let's work towards healing, setting healthy boundaries, and feeling like yourself again.
(647) 370-8346 View (647) 370-8346
Photo of Bella Pahlevan_ Emergence Psychotherapy, MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Bella Pahlevan_ Emergence Psychotherapy
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
North York, ON M3B
I offer therapy for narcissistic abuse recovery, either caused by neglectful parenting or abusive relationships.
If you experienced narcissistic abuse in your family, relationship or any other setting I understand how challenging it might be to heal the wounds, find your voice and self-esteem back. I believe that there's always a way to move forward and start to heal. What matters is that instead of giving up, you are seeking help and that means you are getting ready to use external and internal resources to move past what's causing you distress. I believe in providing a non-judgmental atmosphere where you feel safe to be yourself.
I offer therapy for narcissistic abuse recovery, either caused by neglectful parenting or abusive relationships.
If you experienced narcissistic abuse in your family, relationship or any other setting I understand how challenging it might be to heal the wounds, find your voice and self-esteem back. I believe that there's always a way to move forward and start to heal. What matters is that instead of giving up, you are seeking help and that means you are getting ready to use external and internal resources to move past what's causing you distress. I believe in providing a non-judgmental atmosphere where you feel safe to be yourself.
(437) 747-6250 View (437) 747-6250
Photo of Deanna Z, RSW, MSW, Registered Social Worker
Deanna Z
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
North York, ON M1R  (Online Only)
Trained in Narcissistic Behavior & Psychology across diverse relationships, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) into my work.
Central to my therapeutic practice is a person-centered approach, where I prioritize building a genuine and trusting relationship with each client. I believe that every individual possesses the capacity for growth and self-awareness, and I am committed to empowering them to tap into their own strengths and resilience. My expertise merges cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and positive psychology, fostering resilience and promoting mental well-being. Let's work together to untangle the knots of anxiety and depression, unlocking a path to a happier, more fulfilling life. Call Today!
Trained in Narcissistic Behavior & Psychology across diverse relationships, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) into my work.
Central to my therapeutic practice is a person-centered approach, where I prioritize building a genuine and trusting relationship with each client. I believe that every individual possesses the capacity for growth and self-awareness, and I am committed to empowering them to tap into their own strengths and resilience. My expertise merges cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and positive psychology, fostering resilience and promoting mental well-being. Let's work together to untangle the knots of anxiety and depression, unlocking a path to a happier, more fulfilling life. Call Today!
(289) 273-3476 View (289) 273-3476
Photo of undefined - Narcissistic Abuse - Trauma - Anxiety with Lyna , MACP, MC, CCC, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Narcissistic Abuse - Trauma - Anxiety with Lyna
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MACP, MC, CCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North York, ON M2J  (Online Only)
Growing up with a narcissistic father led me to believe that love was conditional and I repeated the cycle of toxic relationships until I eventually got help.
You’re not crazy for wanting to make sense of it. You’ve watched the videos, “how do I know if I’m in a relationship with a narcissist?” and you’re feeling isolated, embarrassed, confused. They’re talking about your actual life, but you don’t think you’re strong enough to leave. You’ve rationalized, communicated, begged. Maybe they’ll change, but they’re not the problem. You’re the one that needs to change. They say this, so it must be true, right? I need you to know that you’re not stupid or weak for staying. I was once in an abusive relationship with a narcissist, entangled in the chaos, and I doubted my strength to leave.
Growing up with a narcissistic father led me to believe that love was conditional and I repeated the cycle of toxic relationships until I eventually got help.
You’re not crazy for wanting to make sense of it. You’ve watched the videos, “how do I know if I’m in a relationship with a narcissist?” and you’re feeling isolated, embarrassed, confused. They’re talking about your actual life, but you don’t think you’re strong enough to leave. You’ve rationalized, communicated, begged. Maybe they’ll change, but they’re not the problem. You’re the one that needs to change. They say this, so it must be true, right? I need you to know that you’re not stupid or weak for staying. I was once in an abusive relationship with a narcissist, entangled in the chaos, and I doubted my strength to leave.
(289) 236-1209 View (289) 236-1209
Photo of Lidia Damian, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Lidia Damian
Registered Psychotherapist, RP
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
North York, ON M3A
Some of my areas of exploration and experience are: relationships – co-dependency, narcissistic behaviours/patterns, trust issues, grief/loss, anxiety, burnout, rumination, self-esteem/self-worth issues, over-responsibility for others & people pleasing and caretaker roles, inner child work, core issues.
I am meeting each person exactly where they are in their journey with integrity, compassion, kindness, active listening and unconditional positive regard. We will work together to enable you to recognize and identify patterns of behavior or emotional pain that can pose problems in managing difficult situations and relating effectively to others. We can also work together in creating a step-by-step plan to support you in getting from where you are to where you want to be, in embracing your unique qualities and strengths that you have, in addressing any challenges you are currently facing in your daily life.
Some of my areas of exploration and experience are: relationships – co-dependency, narcissistic behaviours/patterns, trust issues, grief/loss, anxiety, burnout, rumination, self-esteem/self-worth issues, over-responsibility for others & people pleasing and caretaker roles, inner child work, core issues.
I am meeting each person exactly where they are in their journey with integrity, compassion, kindness, active listening and unconditional positive regard. We will work together to enable you to recognize and identify patterns of behavior or emotional pain that can pose problems in managing difficult situations and relating effectively to others. We can also work together in creating a step-by-step plan to support you in getting from where you are to where you want to be, in embracing your unique qualities and strengths that you have, in addressing any challenges you are currently facing in your daily life.
(365) 601-6797 View (365) 601-6797
Photo of undefined - Mental Health & Freedom Inc., MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Mental Health & Freedom Inc.
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
North York, ON M2H  (Online Only)
Asking for help is a sign of strength. If you are looking for help with anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, BPD, PTSD or have been a victim of narcissistic abuse, it takes courage to ask for help. Admitting you can’t do everything alone is the first step toward achieving wellness in a fast-paced, demanding world. Therapy can enable you to delve deeper through inner child work and reparenting yourself to heal your trauma wounds and move forward. Asking for help and obtaining a fresh perspective of your past is the first and most profound step toward developing the mental muscle needed to attain emotional and mental strength.
Asking for help is a sign of strength. If you are looking for help with anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, BPD, PTSD or have been a victim of narcissistic abuse, it takes courage to ask for help. Admitting you can’t do everything alone is the first step toward achieving wellness in a fast-paced, demanding world. Therapy can enable you to delve deeper through inner child work and reparenting yourself to heal your trauma wounds and move forward. Asking for help and obtaining a fresh perspective of your past is the first and most profound step toward developing the mental muscle needed to attain emotional and mental strength.
(647) 370-3477 View (647) 370-3477
Photo of Doreen Ding, MA, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Doreen Ding
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
North York, ON M2J  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
You might find yourself facing moments of fear, doubt, and insecurity while pursuing a fulfilling life. It is my passion to support you through your unique challenges, whether they are rooted in anxiety, mood swings, or the effects of being raised by a narcissistic parent. I believe that there is a wealth of resilience and untapped potential within you to take you toward inner freedom.
You might find yourself facing moments of fear, doubt, and insecurity while pursuing a fulfilling life. It is my passion to support you through your unique challenges, whether they are rooted in anxiety, mood swings, or the effects of being raised by a narcissistic parent. I believe that there is a wealth of resilience and untapped potential within you to take you toward inner freedom.
(437) 747-2894 View (437) 747-2894
Photo of undefined - ReNu Counselling & Psychotherapy, RP, CCC, Registered Psychotherapist
ReNu Counselling & Psychotherapy
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, CCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North York, ON M5M
ReNu Counselling & Psychotherapy offers counselling and psychotherapy services for a diverse range of issues. We offer culturally-informed care to people of various racial and ethnic backgrounds. Our therapists strive to create a welcoming environment that helps clients lead more fulfilling lives. We provide a range of services to meet different income-levels, therapeutic needs, and approach preferences.
ReNu Counselling & Psychotherapy offers counselling and psychotherapy services for a diverse range of issues. We offer culturally-informed care to people of various racial and ethnic backgrounds. Our therapists strive to create a welcoming environment that helps clients lead more fulfilling lives. We provide a range of services to meet different income-levels, therapeutic needs, and approach preferences.
(647) 699-1323 View (647) 699-1323
Photo of Paul T P Wong, PhD, CPsych, Psychologist
Paul T P Wong
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
North York, ON M2M  (Online Only)
My ideal client is willing to engage in self-reflection, explore the deeper existential issues related to his/her predicament, and discover the pathways of actualizing his/her potential and dream. Such a client can be a new college graduate struggling for a better understanding of her self-identity or a senior questioning his life's meaning. The issues I am best suited to addressing are both the dark sides of the human condition-such as depression, anxiety, anger, loss, suffering, and death-and the bright sides of personal growth and flourishing.
My ideal client is willing to engage in self-reflection, explore the deeper existential issues related to his/her predicament, and discover the pathways of actualizing his/her potential and dream. Such a client can be a new college graduate struggling for a better understanding of her self-identity or a senior questioning his life's meaning. The issues I am best suited to addressing are both the dark sides of the human condition-such as depression, anxiety, anger, loss, suffering, and death-and the bright sides of personal growth and flourishing.
(855) 690-4409 View (855) 690-4409
Photo of Mirisse Foroughe, PhD, CPsych, Psychologist
Mirisse Foroughe
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
North York, ON M5N
I work with kids, teens, parents, and families looking to improve their relationships, feel better about themselves, or to work through difficulties that have come up. People see me when they want a change and need support or skills to find their way through it. Parents see me to learn how to help their child feel and do their best.
I work with kids, teens, parents, and families looking to improve their relationships, feel better about themselves, or to work through difficulties that have come up. People see me when they want a change and need support or skills to find their way through it. Parents see me to learn how to help their child feel and do their best.
(647) 697-7421 View (647) 697-7421
Photo of Mariya Sytnyk, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Mariya Sytnyk
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
North York, ON M3A  (Online Only)
Do you feel like life is chaos and you’re all alone? Like none of your relationships are working out and that there’s always a crisis to address? Maybe you’ve been told you’re too much or too sensitive and that you need to get over things that have happened to you in the past. Whether you have been diagnosed with BPD, CPTSD, PTSD, or are struggling with feeling chronically suicidal, managing you addiction, or feel emotionally out of control, HopeStart Therapy is dedicated to validating and supporting individuals to address these experiences, figure out what’s going on, and find practical skills to grow into living the life you want.
Do you feel like life is chaos and you’re all alone? Like none of your relationships are working out and that there’s always a crisis to address? Maybe you’ve been told you’re too much or too sensitive and that you need to get over things that have happened to you in the past. Whether you have been diagnosed with BPD, CPTSD, PTSD, or are struggling with feeling chronically suicidal, managing you addiction, or feel emotionally out of control, HopeStart Therapy is dedicated to validating and supporting individuals to address these experiences, figure out what’s going on, and find practical skills to grow into living the life you want.
(365) 657-5918 View (365) 657-5918
Photo of Joanna Zhao, RSW, MSW, BSW, Registered Social Worker
Joanna Zhao
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW, BSW
Verified Verified
North York, ON M2N
I take a client-centered approach that respect people as the authority on their own experiences and recognize the key role that emotions play in our lives. My counseling work is informed by various therapeutic modalities as well as by my extensive clinical experiences, but always with a focus on the uniqueness of each individual. Over the years, I have effectively helped many people adjust for better lives - helping them learn the strategies and tools necessary to resolve their difficulties and build on their strengths.
I take a client-centered approach that respect people as the authority on their own experiences and recognize the key role that emotions play in our lives. My counseling work is informed by various therapeutic modalities as well as by my extensive clinical experiences, but always with a focus on the uniqueness of each individual. Over the years, I have effectively helped many people adjust for better lives - helping them learn the strategies and tools necessary to resolve their difficulties and build on their strengths.
(647) 503-4686 View (647) 503-4686
Photo of Cassandra Crawford, MSW RSW, Registered Social Worker
Cassandra Crawford
Registered Social Worker, MSW RSW
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
North York, ON M4A
Waitlist for new clients
As the innovative Brené Brown once said "when we deny our story, it defines us, but when we own our story, we can write a brave new ending". We all have a story that's filled with difficult times, hardship and unique experiences that have shaped who you are now. What happens next is up to you, as you have more control than you might think. if you're ready to take the next step in changing your life for the better then I invite you to allow me to be a part of that, where I can offer a safe space free of judgement and criticism. Instead I can help guide you toward your goals offering clarity, perspective and empathic understanding.
As the innovative Brené Brown once said "when we deny our story, it defines us, but when we own our story, we can write a brave new ending". We all have a story that's filled with difficult times, hardship and unique experiences that have shaped who you are now. What happens next is up to you, as you have more control than you might think. if you're ready to take the next step in changing your life for the better then I invite you to allow me to be a part of that, where I can offer a safe space free of judgement and criticism. Instead I can help guide you toward your goals offering clarity, perspective and empathic understanding.
(289) 274-2462 View (289) 274-2462
Photo of Maria Desmoctt, MACP, RP, TITC-CT, CCTP-II, Registered Psychotherapist
Maria Desmoctt
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP, RP, TITC-CT, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
North York, ON M2H  (Online Only)
I do not have an ideal client, as every single client is treated as a unique individual who shows their vulnerability and seeks empathy and support in a non-judgemental space.
I do not have an ideal client, as every single client is treated as a unique individual who shows their vulnerability and seeks empathy and support in a non-judgemental space.
(289) 207-5131 View (289) 207-5131
Photo of Jason Shaul Ellenbogen, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Jason Shaul Ellenbogen
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
North York, ON M5M
My full time private practice in Toronto was established in 1998, and with close to 20 years of experience as a individual and family therapist I treat a wide range of disorders. I have also specialized in the treatment of youth and young adults who are struggling with mental health disorders, family conflict, and school refusal. Another focus of my practice is to provide counselling and resources to high-functioning autistic (ASD) youth and their families. Besides treatment, my practice provides case management, assessment and referral services for clients and their families.
My full time private practice in Toronto was established in 1998, and with close to 20 years of experience as a individual and family therapist I treat a wide range of disorders. I have also specialized in the treatment of youth and young adults who are struggling with mental health disorders, family conflict, and school refusal. Another focus of my practice is to provide counselling and resources to high-functioning autistic (ASD) youth and their families. Besides treatment, my practice provides case management, assessment and referral services for clients and their families.
(647) 490-6461 View (647) 490-6461
Photo of Maninder Kaur, MS, CCC, Counsellor
Maninder Kaur
Counsellor, MS, CCC
Verified Verified
North York, ON M3N
At Happy Hearts Counselling Services, we are dedicated to provide a safe & therapeutic space for individuals struggling with mental health/life challenges. We empower our clients to heal, grow, achieve their goals, & to live their best lives by using evidence-based approaches such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Solution-Focused therapy, Psycho-educational counselling, & talk therapy. Happy Hearts Counselling Services provides individual, family, group & couples counselling services, as well as parent coaching. We are person-centred as we believe that what works for one person is unique to what works for another.
At Happy Hearts Counselling Services, we are dedicated to provide a safe & therapeutic space for individuals struggling with mental health/life challenges. We empower our clients to heal, grow, achieve their goals, & to live their best lives by using evidence-based approaches such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Solution-Focused therapy, Psycho-educational counselling, & talk therapy. Happy Hearts Counselling Services provides individual, family, group & couples counselling services, as well as parent coaching. We are person-centred as we believe that what works for one person is unique to what works for another.
(416) 553-6837 View (416) 553-6837
Photo of Dr. Marcus David Feak, EdD, Psychologist
Dr. Marcus David Feak
Psychologist, EdD
Verified Verified
North York, ON M2J
In the four decades of my work in the mental health field I have learned to tailor my approach to the unique needs of the individuals with whom I work. My training in psychodynamic and interpersonal therapies has helped sensitize me to the complex developmental and family roots of our personalities and struggles. I will help you determine the kind of healing that is the best fit at the current stage of your life journey. I am aware that some people will want to consider medication as a complement to psychotherapy. Although I do not prescribe medication my experience enables me to guide a person who may wish to consider meds.
In the four decades of my work in the mental health field I have learned to tailor my approach to the unique needs of the individuals with whom I work. My training in psychodynamic and interpersonal therapies has helped sensitize me to the complex developmental and family roots of our personalities and struggles. I will help you determine the kind of healing that is the best fit at the current stage of your life journey. I am aware that some people will want to consider medication as a complement to psychotherapy. Although I do not prescribe medication my experience enables me to guide a person who may wish to consider meds.
(365) 364-1891 View (365) 364-1891
Photo of Jawhar Iman, Mpsy, BA, Registered Psychotherapist
Jawhar Iman
Registered Psychotherapist, Mpsy, BA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North York, ON M3B
I have primarily worked with the male population who appear to struggle with expressing their genuine emotions to their significant others. In a safe and secure therapeutic setting, my clients can find the comfort to express themselves authentically. I aim to assist them in moving towards self-acceptance, self-compassion, and developing strategies to enhance their connections with others. Additionally, we can address emotional management techniques, including anger management, during our sessions.
I have primarily worked with the male population who appear to struggle with expressing their genuine emotions to their significant others. In a safe and secure therapeutic setting, my clients can find the comfort to express themselves authentically. I aim to assist them in moving towards self-acceptance, self-compassion, and developing strategies to enhance their connections with others. Additionally, we can address emotional management techniques, including anger management, during our sessions.
(289) 512-2693 View (289) 512-2693
Photo of undefined - Jovel Therapy Toronto, BSW, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Jovel Therapy Toronto
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
North York, ON M2J  (Online Only)
Maria (Evelyn) Jovel-Rollins: Welcome to this space - Choosing the proper counselling tailored to your needs is key in your healing journey. I work with clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, stress management, PTSD, inner healing child traumas, couple relationship conflicts, and others. They come to see me to find stress relief and clarity. If you are experiencing similar situations and are interested in finding peace, improving relationships, and having a balanced life, I will be happy to work with you.
Maria (Evelyn) Jovel-Rollins: Welcome to this space - Choosing the proper counselling tailored to your needs is key in your healing journey. I work with clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, stress management, PTSD, inner healing child traumas, couple relationship conflicts, and others. They come to see me to find stress relief and clarity. If you are experiencing similar situations and are interested in finding peace, improving relationships, and having a balanced life, I will be happy to work with you.
(289) 277-5570 View (289) 277-5570

See more therapy options for North York

Narcissistic Personality (NPD) Counsellors

What type of therapy is best for narcissistic personality disorder?

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is best treated with talk therapy, which could involve cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, schema therapy, gestalt therapy, or similar approaches. A therapist will help a patient uncover the feelings that may drive their behavior and discover how to engage with themselves and those around them with greater empathy and understanding, fewer demands, and less defensiveness, with the goal of developing a more authentic sense of self that enables healthier relationships.

How do therapists treat NPD?

By developing a strong therapeutic relationship, and continually focusing patients on relationships, community, and connection, a therapist, through talk therapy, may be able to help someone with NPD change. In sessions, a therapist will help an individual achieve relief from their current stressors, including the treatment of co-occurring conditions such as anxiety or depression. A therapist may also help an individual to recognize unhealthy coping mechanisms, learn new ways of interacting with others, and eventually become able to feel and display empathy.

Can a narcissist be cured with therapy?

Therapy can be effective. After a serious setback or great loss, someone with NPD may be forced to recognize that they are not immune to life’s challenges. That can spur feelings of melancholy and depression that lead them to seek professional help. Once an individual decides to seek help, they have already taken a step that the majority of those with NPD never will. Still, people with NPD often quit therapy as they naturally resist feeling vulnerable, being challenged, or admitting to flaws.

How can you get narcissistic personality disorder treatment for someone?

It is notoriously difficult to convince someone with NPD to seek help. With their feelings of superiority, they may be unlikely to recognize or acknowledge that they have a problem, or that their problem is narcissism. Sometimes, they are aware that they are arrogant and that others resent them but they don’t see it as a problem because they are convinced of their superiority. People with NPD have trouble maintaining relationships, but family members and others who do feel close to them, and whose presence they value, may be able to encourage them to seek therapy.