Anxiety Therapists in Kitchener, ON

Photo of Ian Sommer, MA, RP, CCC, Registered Psychotherapist
Ian Sommer
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CCC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2E  (Online Only)
Many people who seek my services come with issues of: depression and anxiety, addiction, grief and loss, issues with partners, family members and friends, codependency and boundaries, anger management, men's issues, trauma, suicidal thoughts, court mandated counselling and other issues which can make life difficult to manage.
My main role as your counsellor is to support you through difficult times and challenges, while helping you achieve optimal psychological and emotional health. I am comfortable with people of all cultures, orientations and spiritual and/or religious backgrounds. Certified by the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario, I provide services using a client-centred, integrative approach, weaving together various methods to suit your unique needs. I enjoy working collaboratively with you in a non-judgmental way, embracing your strengths, unique characteristics, values, and insights.
Many people who seek my services come with issues of: depression and anxiety, addiction, grief and loss, issues with partners, family members and friends, codependency and boundaries, anger management, men's issues, trauma, suicidal thoughts, court mandated counselling and other issues which can make life difficult to manage.
My main role as your counsellor is to support you through difficult times and challenges, while helping you achieve optimal psychological and emotional health. I am comfortable with people of all cultures, orientations and spiritual and/or religious backgrounds. Certified by the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario, I provide services using a client-centred, integrative approach, weaving together various methods to suit your unique needs. I enjoy working collaboratively with you in a non-judgmental way, embracing your strengths, unique characteristics, values, and insights.
(226) 212-7567 View (226) 212-7567
Photo of Jamie Foley, RP, SCP, MTS, Registered Psychotherapist
Jamie Foley
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, SCP, MTS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2H
Do you feel anxious, depressed, or emotionally exhausted? Are you coping with complex grief, parenting issues, struggles with spirituality, or neurodiversity? Are you wanting change, trying to deal with too many issues at once, or struggling to refocus on what matter most to you? You're the expert on you own life, but life is not always a gentle or forgiving place. You've made it this far; you're probably braver and more capable than you think. But the going is tough, and now you're seeking outside input to help you along the way. It would be a privilege to meet you.
Do you feel anxious, depressed, or emotionally exhausted? Are you coping with complex grief, parenting issues, struggles with spirituality, or neurodiversity? Are you wanting change, trying to deal with too many issues at once, or struggling to refocus on what matter most to you? You're the expert on you own life, but life is not always a gentle or forgiving place. You've made it this far; you're probably braver and more capable than you think. But the going is tough, and now you're seeking outside input to help you along the way. It would be a privilege to meet you.
(519) 589-1550 View (519) 589-1550
Photo of Meghan Clemmer, RSSW
Meghan Clemmer
Registered Social Service Worker, RSSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2H
I'm a Registered Social Service Worker (RSSW) with over 17 years of experience working in Children’s Mental Health. I provide individual counselling support to children and youth ages 5 and up, as well as their parents and have experience supporting with a range of challenges including anxiety, attachment and behavioural issues, mood and self-esteem challenges, autism, and emotion dysregulation. I have extensive experience providing support to parents of children with mental health concerns, to better understand their children’s challenges and learn strategies to support their children’s needs.
I'm a Registered Social Service Worker (RSSW) with over 17 years of experience working in Children’s Mental Health. I provide individual counselling support to children and youth ages 5 and up, as well as their parents and have experience supporting with a range of challenges including anxiety, attachment and behavioural issues, mood and self-esteem challenges, autism, and emotion dysregulation. I have extensive experience providing support to parents of children with mental health concerns, to better understand their children’s challenges and learn strategies to support their children’s needs.
(226) 780-0714 View (226) 780-0714
Photo of Jennifer Faragitakis, BA, MA, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Jennifer Faragitakis
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BA, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2H
Hi, I’m Jen! Are you a female with high-functioning anxiety or a trauma history? Outwardly, you seem okay, but beneath the surface, you may struggle with overwhelm, feeling on edge, overthinking, worrying, self-criticism, a nagging feeling of not being good enough, perfectionism, self-doubt, low self-confidence, not feeling able to enjoy the moment, and/or imposter syndrome? If you can relate to any of these concerns, I'm here to listen and help. I work with clients to help improve nervous system dysregulation caused by stress, trauma, or attachment wounds.
Hi, I’m Jen! Are you a female with high-functioning anxiety or a trauma history? Outwardly, you seem okay, but beneath the surface, you may struggle with overwhelm, feeling on edge, overthinking, worrying, self-criticism, a nagging feeling of not being good enough, perfectionism, self-doubt, low self-confidence, not feeling able to enjoy the moment, and/or imposter syndrome? If you can relate to any of these concerns, I'm here to listen and help. I work with clients to help improve nervous system dysregulation caused by stress, trauma, or attachment wounds.
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Photo of undefined - Inês Lincho Counselling , MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Inês Lincho Counselling
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2H
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in assisting individuals cope with symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, depression, trauma, as well as those grappling with self-regulation and relationship challenges.
Vulnerability can be incredibly scary! Finding someone we genuinely connect with, someone with whom we feel comfortable enough to share our personal stories, can feel challenging. Hi, my name is Ines (she/her). I, too, have been in the same place you are now. That's why my primary focus is to create a safe enough, supportive, and compassionate space where you can share your journey, and I will be there to listen. Drawing from my own experiences with mental health, I am deeply passionate about this work and firmly believe in the significance of understanding the mind-body-soul connection.
I specialize in assisting individuals cope with symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, depression, trauma, as well as those grappling with self-regulation and relationship challenges.
Vulnerability can be incredibly scary! Finding someone we genuinely connect with, someone with whom we feel comfortable enough to share our personal stories, can feel challenging. Hi, my name is Ines (she/her). I, too, have been in the same place you are now. That's why my primary focus is to create a safe enough, supportive, and compassionate space where you can share your journey, and I will be there to listen. Drawing from my own experiences with mental health, I am deeply passionate about this work and firmly believe in the significance of understanding the mind-body-soul connection.
(548) 490-8268 View (548) 490-8268
Photo of Thanh Rushton, BSW, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Thanh Rushton
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Kitchener, ON N2N  (Online Only)
Are you holding on to past pain? Are you worried about your child's mental health? Are you ready to move forward and embrace change? I am here to support you with that therapeutic journey. All counselling services are provided virtually via Google Meet or telephone.
Are you holding on to past pain? Are you worried about your child's mental health? Are you ready to move forward and embrace change? I am here to support you with that therapeutic journey. All counselling services are provided virtually via Google Meet or telephone.
(226) 916-5280 View (226) 916-5280
Photo of undefined - Dr. Eva Mishel @ 4U Clinical Psychology Center, PsyD, RPsych, Registered Psychotherapist
Dr. Eva Mishel @ 4U Clinical Psychology Center
Registered Psychotherapist, PsyD, RPsych
Verified Verified
Kitchener, ON N2G
Affordable $50/99$ pricing. Life can be a struggle at times; it's part of the journey of being human. Are you feeling stressed and thinking about seeking psychotherapy? I am a Ontario licensed psychotherapist with 10+ years of experience, with a clinical focus on adults (anxiety, depression, pregnancy, post-partum, parenting issues, high achieving perfectionistic professionals, difficulties with life-work balance, impact on self-esteem). As a clinician I strive to bring warmth, kindness and humour to the therapeutic dialogue, hoping to create a safe, respectful, collaborative and supportive environment.
Affordable $50/99$ pricing. Life can be a struggle at times; it's part of the journey of being human. Are you feeling stressed and thinking about seeking psychotherapy? I am a Ontario licensed psychotherapist with 10+ years of experience, with a clinical focus on adults (anxiety, depression, pregnancy, post-partum, parenting issues, high achieving perfectionistic professionals, difficulties with life-work balance, impact on self-esteem). As a clinician I strive to bring warmth, kindness and humour to the therapeutic dialogue, hoping to create a safe, respectful, collaborative and supportive environment.
(548) 490-7677 View (548) 490-7677
Photo of Mark Booker, MTS, MSW , RSW, Registered Social Worker
Mark Booker
Registered Social Worker, MTS, MSW , RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2H
I support individuals with depression, anxiety, relationships, disabilities, and overall health. I have over 22 years experience within the mental health sector providing support and counselling to those with a wide range of challenges.
I support individuals with depression, anxiety, relationships, disabilities, and overall health. I have over 22 years experience within the mental health sector providing support and counselling to those with a wide range of challenges.
(548) 485-5939 View (548) 485-5939
Photo of Teresa Vandebelt, BA, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Teresa Vandebelt
Registered Social Worker, BA, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2G  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
burn out, grief, anxiety/depression, severe illness, stress, relationship and family challenges, ADHD, life transitions).
Journeying towards wellness takes more work than most of us imagine! Without support it can feel slow and discouraging! If you are on this journey, then you may want someone to walk alongside to help you move forward. Once you have this support, then it's time to start preparing for the journey! This could include remembering what's important to you, and working through the challenges that make the path forward difficult. You might even need to equip yourself with new skills and discover new paths towards a goal.
burn out, grief, anxiety/depression, severe illness, stress, relationship and family challenges, ADHD, life transitions).
Journeying towards wellness takes more work than most of us imagine! Without support it can feel slow and discouraging! If you are on this journey, then you may want someone to walk alongside to help you move forward. Once you have this support, then it's time to start preparing for the journey! This could include remembering what's important to you, and working through the challenges that make the path forward difficult. You might even need to equip yourself with new skills and discover new paths towards a goal.
(548) 490-5850 View (548) 490-5850
Photo of Mina Asrar, MSc, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Mina Asrar
Registered Psychotherapist, MSc, RP
Verified Verified
Kitchener, ON N2G
Do you find yourself overwhelmed and consumed by your emotions, feeling disconnected from both yourself and others? Are you struggling to stay present and find control amidst a wave of unsettling emotions, making it challenging to navigate through daily situations and maintain healthy relationships? The persistent worry can gradually affect your sense of control, ultimately impeding your ability to lead a joyful and purposeful life.
Do you find yourself overwhelmed and consumed by your emotions, feeling disconnected from both yourself and others? Are you struggling to stay present and find control amidst a wave of unsettling emotions, making it challenging to navigate through daily situations and maintain healthy relationships? The persistent worry can gradually affect your sense of control, ultimately impeding your ability to lead a joyful and purposeful life.
(226) 457-2250 View (226) 457-2250
Photo of Stef Quinton Counselling And Consulting, MSW, RSW , Registered Social Worker
Stef Quinton Counselling And Consulting
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2M  (Online Only)
Being human is such a messy, complicated, and confusing thing, and we’re not really given any formal guidance on how to deal with emotional and psychological suffering. Pop psychology tells us that we should aspire to be happy all of the time and that if we’re not feeling good, it’s because we’re not trying hard enough, or that we're lacking willpower, or we aren't thinking the right thoughts. As a therapist who specializes in anxiety, phobias, OCD, trauma-related issues, self-acceptance, and chronic stress, I know that things are rarely that simple. I also know that good therapy can help.
Being human is such a messy, complicated, and confusing thing, and we’re not really given any formal guidance on how to deal with emotional and psychological suffering. Pop psychology tells us that we should aspire to be happy all of the time and that if we’re not feeling good, it’s because we’re not trying hard enough, or that we're lacking willpower, or we aren't thinking the right thoughts. As a therapist who specializes in anxiety, phobias, OCD, trauma-related issues, self-acceptance, and chronic stress, I know that things are rarely that simple. I also know that good therapy can help.
(226) 271-3498 View (226) 271-3498
Photo of Rupinder (Rupi) Kaur Jhutti, MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Rupinder (Rupi) Kaur Jhutti
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2K
Make meaning of your anxiety and ever-changing moods.
Are you a person of colour struggling with stuff coming up from the past that gets in the way of your current relationships at work or at home? If you're feeling misunderstood or lost for words in your relationship, anxious to get things done, or just looking to get to know yourself, let's work together to get to know you, or come up with solutions to unstuck you and develop skills to move forward. I work with individuals to discover and explore new possibilities in their relationships, as well as, developing skills to hone their intuition.
Make meaning of your anxiety and ever-changing moods.
Are you a person of colour struggling with stuff coming up from the past that gets in the way of your current relationships at work or at home? If you're feeling misunderstood or lost for words in your relationship, anxious to get things done, or just looking to get to know yourself, let's work together to get to know you, or come up with solutions to unstuck you and develop skills to move forward. I work with individuals to discover and explore new possibilities in their relationships, as well as, developing skills to hone their intuition.
(647) 360-9853 View (647) 360-9853
Photo of Heather Dodge, MA, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Heather Dodge
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2M
Do you wish relationships were not so difficult? Are you tired of feeling anxious and drained? Do you want to learn how to regulate your emotions? Let me help you learn how to become more emotionally aware of your personal patterns, emotional triggers and unhelpful behaviours. Psychotherapy is a space where you can safely explore deeper realms of who you are. I believe when we deepen our self awareness we gain insight that can inspire us to change and grow. Let’s connect for a free 15 minute consultation and get started on your healing.
Do you wish relationships were not so difficult? Are you tired of feeling anxious and drained? Do you want to learn how to regulate your emotions? Let me help you learn how to become more emotionally aware of your personal patterns, emotional triggers and unhelpful behaviours. Psychotherapy is a space where you can safely explore deeper realms of who you are. I believe when we deepen our self awareness we gain insight that can inspire us to change and grow. Let’s connect for a free 15 minute consultation and get started on your healing.
(548) 901-0855 View (548) 901-0855
Photo of Sarah Glinski, MA, RP(Q), Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Sarah Glinski
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA, RP(Q)
Verified Verified
Kitchener, ON N2H  (Online Only)
You are exhausted! You know that you could feel more fulfilled but you're not sure what to do next. You worry all the time, your energy is depleted, managing daily tasks feel impossible and you aren't feeling too great about yourself. You have a sense that your life should be different than this, that you should have a more meaningful purpose. Maybe you even know what that purpose is- but you're scared. Scared of being misunderstood, humiliated, rejected. Scared of failing. I know what that feels like. And if you're willing, I can help guide you through it.
You are exhausted! You know that you could feel more fulfilled but you're not sure what to do next. You worry all the time, your energy is depleted, managing daily tasks feel impossible and you aren't feeling too great about yourself. You have a sense that your life should be different than this, that you should have a more meaningful purpose. Maybe you even know what that purpose is- but you're scared. Scared of being misunderstood, humiliated, rejected. Scared of failing. I know what that feels like. And if you're willing, I can help guide you through it.
(548) 490-8774 View (548) 490-8774
Photo of undefined - Humaira Amir Counselling Services, MA, RP, CCC, Registered Psychotherapist
Humaira Amir Counselling Services
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2P
Humaira Amir received her Master of Counselling Psychology from the Adler School of Psychology. She has 20-years of counselling experience working with children, teens, adults, couples and families. Humaira is skilled in treating a variety of concerns, including but not limited to anxiety, depression, school refusal, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, parenting/co-parenting skills, relationship issues and anger management. She also has experience facilitating group programs for parenting and anger management.
Humaira Amir received her Master of Counselling Psychology from the Adler School of Psychology. She has 20-years of counselling experience working with children, teens, adults, couples and families. Humaira is skilled in treating a variety of concerns, including but not limited to anxiety, depression, school refusal, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, parenting/co-parenting skills, relationship issues and anger management. She also has experience facilitating group programs for parenting and anger management.
(226) 212-7948 View (226) 212-7948
Photo of Carey Emmerson, RP, CCC, MTS, Registered Psychotherapist
Carey Emmerson
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, CCC, MTS
Verified Verified
Kitchener, ON N2E
As a Registered Psychotherapist and Canadian Certified Counsellor, I offer services for clients experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship challenges, grief, and more.
People come to therapy with the hope of enhancing their life story in a meaningful way, yet many find themselves held back due to painful emotions, relationship problems, and trauma. Psychotherapy can be the chapter in a person’s life where stuck circumstances finally start to change. Psychotherapy can be the chapter where a person grieves their losses, confronts their fears, heals deep-seated wounds, and finds within themselves the courage and strength to go forward with greater confidence, joy, and peace.
As a Registered Psychotherapist and Canadian Certified Counsellor, I offer services for clients experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship challenges, grief, and more.
People come to therapy with the hope of enhancing their life story in a meaningful way, yet many find themselves held back due to painful emotions, relationship problems, and trauma. Psychotherapy can be the chapter in a person’s life where stuck circumstances finally start to change. Psychotherapy can be the chapter where a person grieves their losses, confronts their fears, heals deep-seated wounds, and finds within themselves the courage and strength to go forward with greater confidence, joy, and peace.
(548) 490-7326 View (548) 490-7326
Photo of Jackie Corbett, BA, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Jackie Corbett
Registered Social Worker, BA, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2B
Accepting NEW clients! -If you are reading this you have already taken the scariest step; recognizing that you want some extra help or support. Are you experiencing issues in life and you don't know how to approach them, where to even start, or who to reach out to? Do you have past experiences which are not letting you move on with your life? Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, unhelpful thinking patterns, self-esteem or trauma? Work as a first responder and experience work stress or trauma? Struggle with a personality or mood disorder? Sometimes life gives us more than we can handle alone and we don't know how to cope.
Accepting NEW clients! -If you are reading this you have already taken the scariest step; recognizing that you want some extra help or support. Are you experiencing issues in life and you don't know how to approach them, where to even start, or who to reach out to? Do you have past experiences which are not letting you move on with your life? Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, unhelpful thinking patterns, self-esteem or trauma? Work as a first responder and experience work stress or trauma? Struggle with a personality or mood disorder? Sometimes life gives us more than we can handle alone and we don't know how to cope.
(226) 778-2352 View (226) 778-2352
Photo of Catherine Lynn Roach, BA, MACP, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Catherine Lynn Roach
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, MACP, RP
Verified Verified
Kitchener, ON N2E  (Online Only)
Professional counselling offered for the following concerns: therapy for anxiety, depression, anger management, relationship concerns, couples counselling and eating problems.
Many years of experience in Couples Therapy. Experienced with the following researched approaches Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy, Gottman, and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, EFIT, ACT, DBT, Anger Management.
Professional counselling offered for the following concerns: therapy for anxiety, depression, anger management, relationship concerns, couples counselling and eating problems.
Many years of experience in Couples Therapy. Experienced with the following researched approaches Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy, Gottman, and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, EFIT, ACT, DBT, Anger Management.
(647) 797-9648 View (647) 797-9648
Photo of Darion Brenner, MA, RP, CRPO, OAMHP, Registered Psychotherapist
Darion Brenner
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CRPO, OAMHP
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2H
I work with teens, adults, and couples experiencing challenges such as anxiety, depression, body dysmorphia, low self-esteem, burnout, life transitions, and relationship difficulties.
Currently accepting new in-person and virtual clients! Life is a journey that no one should walk alone. Whether you are feeling overwhelmed, emotionally or physically exhausted, hurt, or isolated, I am here to walk with you. I strive to foster a compassionate, warm, and non-judgemental atmosphere for you to explore your current challenges. Together, we will identify your goals, learn your strengths, and develop an individualized treatment plan that feels good to you. There is no ‘one size fits all’ approach to counselling, which is why I use a client-centred, trauma-informed, and strengths-based approach to therapy.
I work with teens, adults, and couples experiencing challenges such as anxiety, depression, body dysmorphia, low self-esteem, burnout, life transitions, and relationship difficulties.
Currently accepting new in-person and virtual clients! Life is a journey that no one should walk alone. Whether you are feeling overwhelmed, emotionally or physically exhausted, hurt, or isolated, I am here to walk with you. I strive to foster a compassionate, warm, and non-judgemental atmosphere for you to explore your current challenges. Together, we will identify your goals, learn your strengths, and develop an individualized treatment plan that feels good to you. There is no ‘one size fits all’ approach to counselling, which is why I use a client-centred, trauma-informed, and strengths-based approach to therapy.
(226) 455-4091 View (226) 455-4091
Photo of undefined - Fancy Therapy Services, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Fancy Therapy Services
Registered Psychotherapist, RP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Kitchener, ON N2K
Imagine if... You weren’t constantly worried. You were confident in your abilities at home and work. Your past was only a distant memory instead of a ghost in your present. You had a space where you felt safe to talk about anything that is troubling you. You had someone you could talk to without fear of judgement or inadequacy. Stop feeling exhausted and start feeling stable. The use of psychotherapy can help you find yourself again, we understand you don’t want to feel this way forever. Our therapists are highly trained in a variety of issues and approaches. Let’s find the perfect therapist for you!
Imagine if... You weren’t constantly worried. You were confident in your abilities at home and work. Your past was only a distant memory instead of a ghost in your present. You had a space where you felt safe to talk about anything that is troubling you. You had someone you could talk to without fear of judgement or inadequacy. Stop feeling exhausted and start feeling stable. The use of psychotherapy can help you find yourself again, we understand you don’t want to feel this way forever. Our therapists are highly trained in a variety of issues and approaches. Let’s find the perfect therapist for you!
(226) 779-3684 View (226) 779-3684

See more therapy options for Kitchener

Anxiety Counsellors

What are the most common treatments for anxiety?

Talk therapy, particularly cognitive behavioural therapy, is the most common treatment for anxiety. Studies have shown it is equally effective as medication. Other forms of therapy are popular, depending on a patient’s experience. Exposure therapy, for instance, can be useful for people dealing with fears and phobias, or who have experienced traumatic events. Dialectical Behavioural Therapy may be useful for patients who need help with emotion regulation. Anxiolytic medications, like benzodiazepines, can also help with calming a person enough to focus on the skills they’ve learned, and physical exercise has been shown to help symptoms of anxiety across the board.

How long does therapy for anxiety take to work?

The amount of time needed to alleviate symptoms depends on the severity of a person’s condition. Some therapies may take 5-20 weekly sessions to show results. Anti-depressant medications typically take two to four weeks before a benefit is felt. Anti-anxiety medications are felt typically within 20-30 minutes. Medications are best used to offer a patient a better headspace in which to work on techniques learned in therapy. Exercise, improved sleep habits, and meditation are effective, but takes weeks or months to show results.

When should I seek treatment for anxiety?

Everyone feels anxious at times, but when anxiety causes disruption to your daily life, it may be time to seek help. Such disruption can be mental, physical, or both: having fear dominate your thoughts, avoiding situations or objects that bring on feelings of anxiety, or experiencing shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness, or panic attacks. When these symptoms are recurrent and distressing, it may be time to talk to someone.

How effective is treatment for anxiety?

Treatment for anxiety has been shown to be moderately to highly effective, according to a large body of psychology studies and analyses. For some people, treatment using CBT or exposure therapy alone is effective. Others respond best to a combination of medication and therapy.