Therapists in Coldwater, ON

Photo of Kurt Frost, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Kurt Frost
Registered Psychotherapist, MEd, RP
Verified Verified
Coldwater, ON L0K  (Online Only)
My approach is what works for you. This is not an anything-goes approach, but rather that I want to focus on what is most important for you, in ways that are most helpful for you. As I often say to clients, “You drive the bus.”
My approach is what works for you. This is not an anything-goes approach, but rather that I want to focus on what is most important for you, in ways that are most helpful for you. As I often say to clients, “You drive the bus.”
(249) 209-6193 View (249) 209-6193
Photo of Ricky Giesbrecht, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Ricky Giesbrecht
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP, CCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Coldwater, ON L0K
I'm typically relaxed and conversational and love having conversations that get to the heart of the matter. You could say I specialize in getting people "unstuck" from their current way of thinking about and dealing with issues, through the use of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) skills and strategies. I love asking thoughtful questions and re-framing your situation so you can approach it in ways you haven't considered before. We then create a practical plan that gets to the root of issues and ensures you have what you need to succeed.
I'm typically relaxed and conversational and love having conversations that get to the heart of the matter. You could say I specialize in getting people "unstuck" from their current way of thinking about and dealing with issues, through the use of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) skills and strategies. I love asking thoughtful questions and re-framing your situation so you can approach it in ways you haven't considered before. We then create a practical plan that gets to the root of issues and ensures you have what you need to succeed.
(249) 523-5260 View (249) 523-5260
Photo of SoulScape Services, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
SoulScape Services
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, BA, RP
Verified Verified
Coldwater, ON L0K
Life is nothing short of amazing. It's amazing how much we can go through and live to tell about it. It's amazing how fast kids grow up and time flies, how angry a co-worker can make you, how much compassion we can seem to have for others when we struggle to offer any to ourselves. It's amazing how much we put on our plates when all we need is to rest. It's amazing how much we can long for understanding and connection and how much opportunity can be missed right in front of our eyes. It's amazing how short life is. It's also amazing how much we can learn in the time we have, and how little steps can amount to such massive change.
Life is nothing short of amazing. It's amazing how much we can go through and live to tell about it. It's amazing how fast kids grow up and time flies, how angry a co-worker can make you, how much compassion we can seem to have for others when we struggle to offer any to ourselves. It's amazing how much we put on our plates when all we need is to rest. It's amazing how much we can long for understanding and connection and how much opportunity can be missed right in front of our eyes. It's amazing how short life is. It's also amazing how much we can learn in the time we have, and how little steps can amount to such massive change.
(249) 700-5421 View (249) 700-5421
Photo of Zoe Fysikoudi, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Zoe Fysikoudi
Registered Psychotherapist, PDip, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Coldwater, ON L0K
You’ve noticed your child’s behaviour has changed recently and it concerns you. You want to support them in this fast-paced and competitive world, but you’re not sure how. You want to understand them, but it feels you’re hitting a wall whenever you try to reach them. And you’re getting tired of trying. For children and youth, growing up involves changes that impact their well-being and their self-esteem. With attentive and empathetic support, their ability to cope with these changes can bring them confidence. But without the right support, they can internalize ideas about themselves and their relationships that cause them pain.
You’ve noticed your child’s behaviour has changed recently and it concerns you. You want to support them in this fast-paced and competitive world, but you’re not sure how. You want to understand them, but it feels you’re hitting a wall whenever you try to reach them. And you’re getting tired of trying. For children and youth, growing up involves changes that impact their well-being and their self-esteem. With attentive and empathetic support, their ability to cope with these changes can bring them confidence. But without the right support, they can internalize ideas about themselves and their relationships that cause them pain.
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Photo of Christopher Cooke - Clinical Intern, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Coldwater, ON
Christopher Cooke - Clinical Intern
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BRE, MDiv
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Coldwater, ON L0K
Finding fulfillment, joy, and balance in life often requires a listening ear, a supportive collaborator, and a confidant. It would be an honour for me to serve and help you find wholeness and wellbeing in your life. For the last 20 years, I have been privileged to assist people to find deeper meaning and understanding in their lives by exploring emotional, mental, behavioural, physical, and spiritual coping skills.
Finding fulfillment, joy, and balance in life often requires a listening ear, a supportive collaborator, and a confidant. It would be an honour for me to serve and help you find wholeness and wellbeing in your life. For the last 20 years, I have been privileged to assist people to find deeper meaning and understanding in their lives by exploring emotional, mental, behavioural, physical, and spiritual coping skills.
(249) 490-5485 View (249) 490-5485

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Tracie Atkinson, Counsellor in Coldwater, ON
Tracie Atkinson
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Orillia, ON L3V
With over 8 years experience as an Emergency Crisis Responder, I’ve witnessed firsthand the impact tragedy can have on individuals and families alike. The physical and emotional effect on those that have been victims of a crime or have experienced sudden loss can be overwhelming. It is because of this work I’ve devoted my practice to helping victims understand and comprehend their emotions and circumstances. By providing a safe, supportive and confidential environment, together we will work on processing the trauma and start the journey towards healing.
With over 8 years experience as an Emergency Crisis Responder, I’ve witnessed firsthand the impact tragedy can have on individuals and families alike. The physical and emotional effect on those that have been victims of a crime or have experienced sudden loss can be overwhelming. It is because of this work I’ve devoted my practice to helping victims understand and comprehend their emotions and circumstances. By providing a safe, supportive and confidential environment, together we will work on processing the trauma and start the journey towards healing.
(249) 294-1228 View (249) 294-1228
Photo of Brendon Antill, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Brendon Antill
Registered Psychotherapist, BSc, MACP
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
Through a nonjudgmental attitude, humour, and genuine care for others, Brendon enjoys building trust quickly in therapeutic relationships. His holistic approach takes into consideration clients’ physical, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. This blend of perspectives encourages an exploration of the inner self, the cultivation of a deeper understanding of thoughts and emotions, and empowers with practical skills that foster growth and resilience.
Through a nonjudgmental attitude, humour, and genuine care for others, Brendon enjoys building trust quickly in therapeutic relationships. His holistic approach takes into consideration clients’ physical, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. This blend of perspectives encourages an exploration of the inner self, the cultivation of a deeper understanding of thoughts and emotions, and empowers with practical skills that foster growth and resilience.
(249) 507-5348 View (249) 507-5348
Photo of Awkward Owl Psychotherapy, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Awkward Owl Psychotherapy
Registered Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
Many people come to therapy having felt a chronic sense of loneliness or disconnection, having had to hide or reject parts of the self in an effort to find belonging. Therapy is, for many of us, one of the only spaces where we can allow ourselves to be fully and deeply seen without judgment or expectations. It can become an important place to safely, and with guidance, express and explore the difficult emotions and experiences that have built up over time and are now feeling heavy, overwhelming, or harmful.
Many people come to therapy having felt a chronic sense of loneliness or disconnection, having had to hide or reject parts of the self in an effort to find belonging. Therapy is, for many of us, one of the only spaces where we can allow ourselves to be fully and deeply seen without judgment or expectations. It can become an important place to safely, and with guidance, express and explore the difficult emotions and experiences that have built up over time and are now feeling heavy, overwhelming, or harmful.
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Photo of Randy Campbell, Marriage & Family Therapist in Coldwater, ON
Randy Campbell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, RP
Verified Verified
Orillia, ON L3V  (Online Only)
Life is difficult enough, but relationships that aren't "working" can cause even greater difficulties, such as feeling helpless, hopeless and trapped. Relationships can be difficult if you don't know the rules! As a psychotherapist with over 25 yrs experience walking with individuals, couples, and families through the turbulent times in life. I have been able to help many relationships to heal and be healthier. Sometimes all a person needs is a different way of seeing what is before them, which allows them to deal with an issue that once blocked them from the relationships they desired.
Life is difficult enough, but relationships that aren't "working" can cause even greater difficulties, such as feeling helpless, hopeless and trapped. Relationships can be difficult if you don't know the rules! As a psychotherapist with over 25 yrs experience walking with individuals, couples, and families through the turbulent times in life. I have been able to help many relationships to heal and be healthier. Sometimes all a person needs is a different way of seeing what is before them, which allows them to deal with an issue that once blocked them from the relationships they desired.
(705) 790-1552 View (705) 790-1552
Photo of Carman Brown, Registered Social Worker in Coldwater, ON
Carman Brown
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V  (Online Only)
Managing our relationships, work, school, and life changes can feel overwhelming. You may be overthinking about friends, jobs and relationships, or having a difficult time developing and maintaining positive relationships with family, friends, or partners. While these challenges pile up, anxiety, anger, and sadness can start to cloud our thinking making it hard to tackle what we're experiencing on our own. Therapy can help us cope with what we're are going through, while also helping us learn more about ourselves along the way and regain control over parts of our life we felt we lost.
Managing our relationships, work, school, and life changes can feel overwhelming. You may be overthinking about friends, jobs and relationships, or having a difficult time developing and maintaining positive relationships with family, friends, or partners. While these challenges pile up, anxiety, anger, and sadness can start to cloud our thinking making it hard to tackle what we're experiencing on our own. Therapy can help us cope with what we're are going through, while also helping us learn more about ourselves along the way and regain control over parts of our life we felt we lost.
(249) 202-2214 View (249) 202-2214
Photo of Ann-Christin Rogerson, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Ann-Christin Rogerson
Registered Psychotherapist, MEd, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V  (Online Only)
My primary focus includes working with adults experiencing anxiety, depression & trauma recovery. I approach therapy with empathy and believe in ones potential for growth and positive change. I recognize that you have a unique journey shaped by your background and challenges, and I value your insights as we work towards your goals. Sometimes we just need the right support to help us on our way.
My primary focus includes working with adults experiencing anxiety, depression & trauma recovery. I approach therapy with empathy and believe in ones potential for growth and positive change. I recognize that you have a unique journey shaped by your background and challenges, and I value your insights as we work towards your goals. Sometimes we just need the right support to help us on our way.
(249) 294-1265 View (249) 294-1265
Photo of Amy Leigh, Registered Social Worker in Coldwater, ON
Amy Leigh
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW, DVATI, RCAT, BAPsych, BA BSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
As a Registered Professional Art Therapist (DVATI, RCAT), Registered Social Worker (RSW) and Psychotherapist, my specialty area is working with children, youth and families. My passion is to support young people as they navigate mental health challenges often due to major changes and hardship. I equip young people with practical everyday coping strategies for their mental health, which they can use into adulthood.
As a Registered Professional Art Therapist (DVATI, RCAT), Registered Social Worker (RSW) and Psychotherapist, my specialty area is working with children, youth and families. My passion is to support young people as they navigate mental health challenges often due to major changes and hardship. I equip young people with practical everyday coping strategies for their mental health, which they can use into adulthood.
(647) 492-5358 View (647) 492-5358
Photo of MB Counselling and Consulting - Mariana Benitez, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
MB Counselling and Consulting - Mariana Benitez
Registered Psychotherapist, MEd, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
Healing and growing can be a hard journey to travel alone, and asking for help when we feel stuck can be even harder. I am here to help! Whether you are experiencing difficulties in your intimate relationships, have parenting concerns, experiencing stress, anxiety or depression; a lot can be done to help those concerns be addressed and improved. Our ability to better cope and build strength and resilience is often connected to our motivation and willingness to work on making changes. It is when you feel you want to do something different but you don't know what to do, that the help from a professional can make a big difference!
Healing and growing can be a hard journey to travel alone, and asking for help when we feel stuck can be even harder. I am here to help! Whether you are experiencing difficulties in your intimate relationships, have parenting concerns, experiencing stress, anxiety or depression; a lot can be done to help those concerns be addressed and improved. Our ability to better cope and build strength and resilience is often connected to our motivation and willingness to work on making changes. It is when you feel you want to do something different but you don't know what to do, that the help from a professional can make a big difference!
(249) 294-1289 View (249) 294-1289
Photo of Angie Blandford, Registered Social Worker in Coldwater, ON
Angie Blandford
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
Feeling anxious, stressed out or nervous? Do you find yourself frustrated, wondering what you can do to get rid of these awful feelings? You may have found that pushing worry away only works for a short time. If you feel like your life has been impacted by anxiety, OCD, or trauma, the skilled therapists at Grounded Minds can help. Anxiety doesn't have to be something you just get used to dealing with. My practice has a team of therapists that specialize in anxiety, OCD and trauma. We're ready to help you kick anxiety out of the driver's seat. You can book a free consultation call on our website in under 5 minutes.
Feeling anxious, stressed out or nervous? Do you find yourself frustrated, wondering what you can do to get rid of these awful feelings? You may have found that pushing worry away only works for a short time. If you feel like your life has been impacted by anxiety, OCD, or trauma, the skilled therapists at Grounded Minds can help. Anxiety doesn't have to be something you just get used to dealing with. My practice has a team of therapists that specialize in anxiety, OCD and trauma. We're ready to help you kick anxiety out of the driver's seat. You can book a free consultation call on our website in under 5 minutes.
(289) 212-6486 View (289) 212-6486
Photo of Vox Mental Health, Registered Social Worker in Coldwater, ON
Vox Mental Health
Registered Social Worker, CYW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
VOX Mental Health is a person-centred, trauma informed counselling practice that is committed to creating a safe, judgement free, supportive environment where you can begin to use your voice. Whether it is setting boundaries, processing your family of origin, working through marriage difficulties, setting goals, or developing coping tools for anxiety, we are here to support you and create a tailor-made treatment plan unique to you and your situation. We offer both virtual and in-person sessions that service individuals, families, and couples in Ontario Canada.
VOX Mental Health is a person-centred, trauma informed counselling practice that is committed to creating a safe, judgement free, supportive environment where you can begin to use your voice. Whether it is setting boundaries, processing your family of origin, working through marriage difficulties, setting goals, or developing coping tools for anxiety, we are here to support you and create a tailor-made treatment plan unique to you and your situation. We offer both virtual and in-person sessions that service individuals, families, and couples in Ontario Canada.
(249) 487-0951 View (249) 487-0951
Photo of Paulette Light, Registered Social Worker in Coldwater, ON
Paulette Light
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Victoria Harbour, ON L0K
Do you need someone to talk to that can help you to process feelings and thoughts, help you identify skills for coping, and build on your inner strengths? If you are not feeling like yourself, or you are struggling with mental health concerns, please contact me for a complimentary phone consultation to discuss how I might be able to help you on your way to feeling better.
Do you need someone to talk to that can help you to process feelings and thoughts, help you identify skills for coping, and build on your inner strengths? If you are not feeling like yourself, or you are struggling with mental health concerns, please contact me for a complimentary phone consultation to discuss how I might be able to help you on your way to feeling better.
(249) 500-5371 View (249) 500-5371
Photo of Glowing Hearts Psychotherapy, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Glowing Hearts Psychotherapy
Registered Psychotherapist, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V
Glowing Hearts Psychotherapy offers clients a compassionate and non-judgemental therapeutic service. Our therapists and team are trained to support clients in their time of need. We work using a variety of frameworks which can be applied to best meet each client's needs individually. Having a team of therapists allows clients to connect with a professional that fits best for their needs. We believe that clients have the ability to create meaningful changes in their lives and we look forward to supporting those changes along side you.
Glowing Hearts Psychotherapy offers clients a compassionate and non-judgemental therapeutic service. Our therapists and team are trained to support clients in their time of need. We work using a variety of frameworks which can be applied to best meet each client's needs individually. Having a team of therapists allows clients to connect with a professional that fits best for their needs. We believe that clients have the ability to create meaningful changes in their lives and we look forward to supporting those changes along side you.
(705) 330-9855 View (705) 330-9855
Photo of Chynna Markoff, Registered Psychotherapist in Coldwater, ON
Chynna Markoff
Registered Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Orillia, ON L3V  (Online Only)
I focus on working with individuals who have difficulties with anxiety, emotion regulation, trauma, grief, relationship issues and those who simply wish to learn more about themselves. I am extremely passionate about helping individuals figure out why they are the way that they are, and simultaneously help them move into the person they want to be. I additionally work with couples to help improve relationships struggling with infidelity, trust issues, communication issues, blended families and parenting conflicts.
I focus on working with individuals who have difficulties with anxiety, emotion regulation, trauma, grief, relationship issues and those who simply wish to learn more about themselves. I am extremely passionate about helping individuals figure out why they are the way that they are, and simultaneously help them move into the person they want to be. I additionally work with couples to help improve relationships struggling with infidelity, trust issues, communication issues, blended families and parenting conflicts.
(226) 702-8239 View (226) 702-8239
Photo of Jordan Whitton, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in Coldwater, ON
Jordan Whitton
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BA, MACP
Verified Verified
Orillia, ON L3V
NO-WAIT list- Men's Issues, ADHD, Couples, Stress/Anxiety/Depression- You feel stuck, hopeless, and unsure about where to turn but just know that you want to start feeling better. Perhaps you are struggling with anxiety, overwhelm, ADHD or motivation issues and this is complicating seeking help. Or as a man, you've been feeling bad for quite a while but society tells you to "toughen up" and get through it on your own. Your self-worth has taken a hit and feel lost. Whatever it is you're struggling with, I'd be honoured to help you navigate this tough time and work towards creating a more fulfilling, empowered life.
NO-WAIT list- Men's Issues, ADHD, Couples, Stress/Anxiety/Depression- You feel stuck, hopeless, and unsure about where to turn but just know that you want to start feeling better. Perhaps you are struggling with anxiety, overwhelm, ADHD or motivation issues and this is complicating seeking help. Or as a man, you've been feeling bad for quite a while but society tells you to "toughen up" and get through it on your own. Your self-worth has taken a hit and feel lost. Whatever it is you're struggling with, I'd be honoured to help you navigate this tough time and work towards creating a more fulfilling, empowered life.
(249) 486-5727 View (249) 486-5727
Photo of DESIREE Beck, Registered Social Worker in Coldwater, ON
DESIREE Beck
Registered Social Worker, RSSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
Beaverton, ON L0K
Are you looking for someone to sit with you while you work through one of life's challenging moments? I have extensive experience in providing support to help move through various stress-related matters. I am registered with the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers, and am a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional. I am a registered NIHB provider.
Are you looking for someone to sit with you while you work through one of life's challenging moments? I have extensive experience in providing support to help move through various stress-related matters. I am registered with the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers, and am a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional. I am a registered NIHB provider.
(249) 294-1600 View (249) 294-1600

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Coldwater, ON

< 10

Counsellors in Coldwater, ON who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Anxiety
100% Anger Management
100% Self Esteem
80% Depression
80% Grief
80% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male

How Counsellors in Coldwater, ON see their clients

80% In Person and Online
20% Online Only

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Coldwater?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.