Depression Therapists in Acton, ON

Photo of Ash Rawat, MACP, OACCPP, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Ash Rawat
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP, OACCPP, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
One of the most difficult parts of feeling emotional pain and internal suffering is experiencing it alone. I believe walking alongside your journey and listening to your voice matters. A lot of us want a better understanding of self and/or require support with trauma, depression, anxiety, and/or relationships. Often, seeking support can be a challenging first step as there are unpleasant feelings, stigmas, thoughts and difficult behaviours. My goal is to provide a nonjudgmental, safe and accepting space for you explore them. I strive to help you build a stronger connection to yourself and strengthen your mental resiliency.
One of the most difficult parts of feeling emotional pain and internal suffering is experiencing it alone. I believe walking alongside your journey and listening to your voice matters. A lot of us want a better understanding of self and/or require support with trauma, depression, anxiety, and/or relationships. Often, seeking support can be a challenging first step as there are unpleasant feelings, stigmas, thoughts and difficult behaviours. My goal is to provide a nonjudgmental, safe and accepting space for you explore them. I strive to help you build a stronger connection to yourself and strengthen your mental resiliency.
(905) 598-1859 View (905) 598-1859
Photo of Julie-Anne Ghaznavi, BASc, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Julie-Anne Ghaznavi
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BASc
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
Accepting New Clients. Are you a workaholic or perfectionist experiencing issues with self-esteem, anxiety, depression or stress? Are you experiencing the challenges of intersecting identities, such as overlapping professional, cultural, and family identities. Do you work in tech, management, or other male-dominated industry and seek a compassionate and safe space to explore your emotions and develop effective coping strategies with the aim to better understand your thoughts, feelings, and behaviours? Are you looking to overcome personal struggles and achieve a more fulfilling life?
Accepting New Clients. Are you a workaholic or perfectionist experiencing issues with self-esteem, anxiety, depression or stress? Are you experiencing the challenges of intersecting identities, such as overlapping professional, cultural, and family identities. Do you work in tech, management, or other male-dominated industry and seek a compassionate and safe space to explore your emotions and develop effective coping strategies with the aim to better understand your thoughts, feelings, and behaviours? Are you looking to overcome personal struggles and achieve a more fulfilling life?
(226) 839-0495 View (226) 839-0495
Photo of Lisa Clendening, BEd, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Lisa Clendening
Registered Social Worker, BEd, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Acton, ON L7J
Does your life look great from the outside and yet you are struggling to find inner peace and meaning? Do you feel stuck or feel like you are experiencing overwhelm from a history of losses or difficult, traumatic events? Do you suffer from complex PTSD, PTSD, depression, anxiety, and/or addictions including problematic eating patterns as a result? Healing, transformation, and lasting wellness are possible when you reach out to me for support. In session, you will be listened to, validated, and empowered to learn to use evidence-based strategies that will help you to achieve peace and a sense of purpose.
Does your life look great from the outside and yet you are struggling to find inner peace and meaning? Do you feel stuck or feel like you are experiencing overwhelm from a history of losses or difficult, traumatic events? Do you suffer from complex PTSD, PTSD, depression, anxiety, and/or addictions including problematic eating patterns as a result? Healing, transformation, and lasting wellness are possible when you reach out to me for support. In session, you will be listened to, validated, and empowered to learn to use evidence-based strategies that will help you to achieve peace and a sense of purpose.
(226) 916-5539 View (226) 916-5539
Photo of Leigh Whiting, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Leigh Whiting
Registered Psychotherapist, RP
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
I offer Psychotherapy via telephone, secure video or out of my office in Georgetown, Ontario, to individual clients looking for a safe, non-judgmental space to help them navigate through their overwhelming feelings and challenges (anxiety, grief, depression, relationship issues and life transitions).
I offer Psychotherapy via telephone, secure video or out of my office in Georgetown, Ontario, to individual clients looking for a safe, non-judgmental space to help them navigate through their overwhelming feelings and challenges (anxiety, grief, depression, relationship issues and life transitions).
(226) 212-0832 View (226) 212-0832
Photo of undefined - Natalie Haynes Psychotherapy, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Natalie Haynes Psychotherapy
Registered Psychotherapist, RP
Verified Verified
Acton, ON L7J
My intention is to provide a compassionate, non-judgmental space for you to uncover how you feel stuck or overwhelmed in your life. Through careful exploration, you can learn about yourself emotionally, mentally, physically, and spiritually. Taking the time to be curious about yourself on deeper level, can lead to greater awareness and ultimately acceptance of your interesting and unique self. This acceptance gives you the power to make more conscious choices and live more fully. I work with individuals who are faced with the following challenges: self esteem, relationships, grief, stress, anxiety, depression, anger, negative thoughts, behaviors and beliefs.
My intention is to provide a compassionate, non-judgmental space for you to uncover how you feel stuck or overwhelmed in your life. Through careful exploration, you can learn about yourself emotionally, mentally, physically, and spiritually. Taking the time to be curious about yourself on deeper level, can lead to greater awareness and ultimately acceptance of your interesting and unique self. This acceptance gives you the power to make more conscious choices and live more fully. I work with individuals who are faced with the following challenges: self esteem, relationships, grief, stress, anxiety, depression, anger, negative thoughts, behaviors and beliefs.
(289) 271-0720 View (289) 271-0720
Photo of Stephanie Hall, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Stephanie Hall
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J  (Online Only)
Utilizing approaches such as Emotionally Focused Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy and Relational Therapy, I support adults and youth (14+) who are faced with challenges related to depression, anxiety, relationship difficulties, and emotion regulation.
Life challenges can feel incredibly difficult and overwhelming. Are there challenges you have been experiencing that have been difficult to process or prevented you from enjoying your life to the fullest? Do you feel stuck in a negative pattern, isolated or disconnected from yourself or others? Together we can explore strategies and skills to address these challenges while also looking at the root cause of these concerns from an attachment lens. My goal in our work together will be to help you in exploring your thoughts and emotions and to guide you to feel empowered to live life more authentically.
Utilizing approaches such as Emotionally Focused Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy and Relational Therapy, I support adults and youth (14+) who are faced with challenges related to depression, anxiety, relationship difficulties, and emotion regulation.
Life challenges can feel incredibly difficult and overwhelming. Are there challenges you have been experiencing that have been difficult to process or prevented you from enjoying your life to the fullest? Do you feel stuck in a negative pattern, isolated or disconnected from yourself or others? Together we can explore strategies and skills to address these challenges while also looking at the root cause of these concerns from an attachment lens. My goal in our work together will be to help you in exploring your thoughts and emotions and to guide you to feel empowered to live life more authentically.
(289) 210-7065 View (289) 210-7065
Photo of undefined - Milton Psychotherapy Centre-Accepting New Clients, RSSW, MA
Milton Psychotherapy Centre-Accepting New Clients
RSSW, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
Your journey in therapy will never be the same as someone else's journey. At Milton Psychotherapy Centre, we pride ourselves in providing comprehensive, personalized, and creative mental health services to help our client's find the relief and connection that they are needing. Our team of approachable, down-to-earth, highly skilled therapists specialize in working with a variety of populations: children, teens, adults, couples, families. We specialize in addressing challenges related to relationships, anxiety, depression, trauma, obsessive compulsive behaviour, oppositional defiant disorder, ADHD, intimate partner violence, PTSD.
Your journey in therapy will never be the same as someone else's journey. At Milton Psychotherapy Centre, we pride ourselves in providing comprehensive, personalized, and creative mental health services to help our client's find the relief and connection that they are needing. Our team of approachable, down-to-earth, highly skilled therapists specialize in working with a variety of populations: children, teens, adults, couples, families. We specialize in addressing challenges related to relationships, anxiety, depression, trauma, obsessive compulsive behaviour, oppositional defiant disorder, ADHD, intimate partner violence, PTSD.
(905) 878-3543 View (905) 878-3543
Photo of Harold Harder, MA, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Harold Harder
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MA
Verified Verified
Acton, ON L7J
I help clients address a variety of concerns such as depression, anxiety and stress and relationship, workplace and family issues.
The focus in therapy is on providing a safe and non-judgemental environment for you to talk about your concerns and take the steps needed to achieve your goals for treatment. I draw inspiration from my own real-life experiences that include a healthy and happy decades-long marriage which taught me a great deal about family dynamics and their impact on the various stages of the family life cycle. As a co-op advisor for many years at the University of Waterloo, I counselled students from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds on a range of workplace issues while helping them establish their career and academic goals.
I help clients address a variety of concerns such as depression, anxiety and stress and relationship, workplace and family issues.
The focus in therapy is on providing a safe and non-judgemental environment for you to talk about your concerns and take the steps needed to achieve your goals for treatment. I draw inspiration from my own real-life experiences that include a healthy and happy decades-long marriage which taught me a great deal about family dynamics and their impact on the various stages of the family life cycle. As a co-op advisor for many years at the University of Waterloo, I counselled students from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds on a range of workplace issues while helping them establish their career and academic goals.
(519) 853-1671 View (519) 853-1671
Photo of Alla Arshakyan, MA, MEd, Registered Psychotherapist
Alla Arshakyan
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
I am a compassionate, solution-focused therapist. My goal is to create an encouraging, calm and relaxed atmosphere, and to work in respectful collaboration with the client. I will listen to you, I will understand you - and will never judge. I provide ongoing support and practical recommendations to help clients effectively address personal life challenges or cope with stressful situations. We are going to discover your inner strengths and build on them, gaining valuable insights and discovering ways to solve your problems.
I am a compassionate, solution-focused therapist. My goal is to create an encouraging, calm and relaxed atmosphere, and to work in respectful collaboration with the client. I will listen to you, I will understand you - and will never judge. I provide ongoing support and practical recommendations to help clients effectively address personal life challenges or cope with stressful situations. We are going to discover your inner strengths and build on them, gaining valuable insights and discovering ways to solve your problems.
(647) 977-5912 View (647) 977-5912
Photo of Sarah Johnson, MDiv, RP, RMFT, Registered Psychotherapist
Sarah Johnson
Registered Psychotherapist, MDiv, RP, RMFT
Verified Verified
Acton, ON L7J
In Person Appointments Available - Hi, I’m so glad you’ve landed here. Whatever is going on in your life, whether it is a burden that feels too big, heartbreaking circumstances or whether life is throwing things at you, please know that you are not alone and that change is possible. Life can have painful seasons and if you've been struggling, it can be a gift to give yourself time to process it and work toward change.
In Person Appointments Available - Hi, I’m so glad you’ve landed here. Whatever is going on in your life, whether it is a burden that feels too big, heartbreaking circumstances or whether life is throwing things at you, please know that you are not alone and that change is possible. Life can have painful seasons and if you've been struggling, it can be a gift to give yourself time to process it and work toward change.
(365) 400-8389 View (365) 400-8389
Photo of Allie Farrell, MACP, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Allie Farrell
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MACP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
Now Accepting New Clients! Are you struggling with overwhelm or anxiety? Do you have ADHD or suspect you have it? Are you grappling with managing your emotional regulation and executive functioning skills? Do you struggle with people pleasing, irritability, rejection sensitivity, impulsivity, etc.? Do you feel like you are constantly working but never accomplishing anything? Are your internal struggles affecting your relationships with family, friends or partners? Do you lack focus and motivation in school and work?
Now Accepting New Clients! Are you struggling with overwhelm or anxiety? Do you have ADHD or suspect you have it? Are you grappling with managing your emotional regulation and executive functioning skills? Do you struggle with people pleasing, irritability, rejection sensitivity, impulsivity, etc.? Do you feel like you are constantly working but never accomplishing anything? Are your internal struggles affecting your relationships with family, friends or partners? Do you lack focus and motivation in school and work?
(289) 804-8178 View (289) 804-8178
Photo of undefined - Rewriting Your Narrative, BA, MA, RP, DCP c, Registered Psychotherapist
Rewriting Your Narrative
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, MA, RP, DCP c
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
Hi, how are you feeling today? You may not always get to answer that question honestly. My hope is that one day you will, as you become more in tune with your emotions and your life. I specialize in substance/alcohol addictions, borderline personality disorder, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating disorders, and mood/anxiety imbalance. I like to focus on the impact your concerns may have on you, your environment, and your past/present family dynamics. I practice a psychodynamic and narrative approach to psychotherapy, which looks like walking alongside you, hearing your story, and exploring the best path to healing &wellness.
Hi, how are you feeling today? You may not always get to answer that question honestly. My hope is that one day you will, as you become more in tune with your emotions and your life. I specialize in substance/alcohol addictions, borderline personality disorder, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating disorders, and mood/anxiety imbalance. I like to focus on the impact your concerns may have on you, your environment, and your past/present family dynamics. I practice a psychodynamic and narrative approach to psychotherapy, which looks like walking alongside you, hearing your story, and exploring the best path to healing &wellness.
(226) 840-0678 View (226) 840-0678
Photo of Lindsay McLaughlin, BASc, MACP, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Lindsay McLaughlin
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BASc, MACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
I am passionate about helping others live more authentic, courageous, and fulfilling lives. I promote self-compassion, vulnerability, and self-understanding through an empathetic, non-judgemental, and client-centred approach. I focus on shame resilience, letting go of perfectionism and self-doubt, and cultivating creativity, joy, gratitude, rest, and play.
I am passionate about helping others live more authentic, courageous, and fulfilling lives. I promote self-compassion, vulnerability, and self-understanding through an empathetic, non-judgemental, and client-centred approach. I focus on shame resilience, letting go of perfectionism and self-doubt, and cultivating creativity, joy, gratitude, rest, and play.
(289) 255-3112 View (289) 255-3112
Photo of Cait Banks, BA, MA, RYT-200, Registered Psychotherapist
Cait Banks
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, MA, RYT-200
Verified Verified
Acton, ON L7J
Not accepting new clients
At this time my client list is full, and I will not be accepting anyone on to my waitlist for 2023. -If you struggle to communicate, build meaningful relationships, and/or with emotion regulation, you have come to the right place. Together, we can work through past or current trauma, and other difficult life events. Mental health is health. It is completely normal to struggle, and it is my goal to ensure that you have a safe and comfortable space to allow yourself to be vulnerable.
At this time my client list is full, and I will not be accepting anyone on to my waitlist for 2023. -If you struggle to communicate, build meaningful relationships, and/or with emotion regulation, you have come to the right place. Together, we can work through past or current trauma, and other difficult life events. Mental health is health. It is completely normal to struggle, and it is my goal to ensure that you have a safe and comfortable space to allow yourself to be vulnerable.
(226) 780-3115 View (226) 780-3115
Photo of undefined - Rewriting Your Narrative - Melissa Klassen, BA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Rewriting Your Narrative - Melissa Klassen
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Acton, ON L7J
(226) 894-3614 View (226) 894-3614

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Amy Wilson, MACP, Registered Psychotherapist
Amy Wilson
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Milton, ON L9T  (Online Only)
“Lost”, “Stuck”, “Overwhelmed”, are these words you would use to describe your life? Do you feel like you're standing still while others are passing you by, but you don’t know how or where to move forward? Life throws us many difficult challenges, especially when in our teens and early adulthood. Young people today are faced with balancing pressures from family, friends, school, work, and society, all while trying to find a path in life. Trying to navigate the stress coming at you from multiple angles can lead to feelings of anxiety, depression, and can make it hard to have good relationships.
“Lost”, “Stuck”, “Overwhelmed”, are these words you would use to describe your life? Do you feel like you're standing still while others are passing you by, but you don’t know how or where to move forward? Life throws us many difficult challenges, especially when in our teens and early adulthood. Young people today are faced with balancing pressures from family, friends, school, work, and society, all while trying to find a path in life. Trying to navigate the stress coming at you from multiple angles can lead to feelings of anxiety, depression, and can make it hard to have good relationships.
(365) 651-9558 View (365) 651-9558
Photo of Jill Ivany, RP, MACP, BA, Registered Psychotherapist
Jill Ivany
Registered Psychotherapist, RP, MACP, BA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Georgetown, ON L7G
I have experience treating individuals experiencing anxiety, depression, panic disorder, trauma, stress, family/relationship conflict, life transitions, grief/loss, disordered eating, obsessive compulsive disorders, perfectionism, procrastination & low self-esteem.
Are you feeling unmotivated, stuck or alone? Maybe you’re feeling anxious and irritable in relationships. Has your stressed increased since the pandemic? Together, in therapy, we will find new ways to manage and cope with your symptoms, while working to resolve them. Seeking therapy is challenging, and I commend you on taking this first step. If you have already started your healing journey, I welcome the opportunity to collaborate.
I have experience treating individuals experiencing anxiety, depression, panic disorder, trauma, stress, family/relationship conflict, life transitions, grief/loss, disordered eating, obsessive compulsive disorders, perfectionism, procrastination & low self-esteem.
Are you feeling unmotivated, stuck or alone? Maybe you’re feeling anxious and irritable in relationships. Has your stressed increased since the pandemic? Together, in therapy, we will find new ways to manage and cope with your symptoms, while working to resolve them. Seeking therapy is challenging, and I commend you on taking this first step. If you have already started your healing journey, I welcome the opportunity to collaborate.
(289) 807-0438 View (289) 807-0438
Photo of undefined - Marigold Child and Adult Therapy, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Marigold Child and Adult Therapy
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Rockwood, ON N0B  (Online Only)
I support clients with anxiety, ADHD, trauma, depression, high sensitivity and life stressors.
Welcome! In therapy, my priority is to create a welcoming, accepting and safe therapeutic space. My approach is grounded in a “whole person” approach, working collaboratively to use your strengths and work towards your therapeutic goals. With this space, we can begin to work on processing thoughts, emotions and/or traumatic events. Becoming aware of our thoughts, we can guide them to be more helpful and true. Making small changes by adding in coping skills and healthy routines can lead to a domino affect to positive changes to your mood. I work with children, teens and adults.
I support clients with anxiety, ADHD, trauma, depression, high sensitivity and life stressors.
Welcome! In therapy, my priority is to create a welcoming, accepting and safe therapeutic space. My approach is grounded in a “whole person” approach, working collaboratively to use your strengths and work towards your therapeutic goals. With this space, we can begin to work on processing thoughts, emotions and/or traumatic events. Becoming aware of our thoughts, we can guide them to be more helpful and true. Making small changes by adding in coping skills and healthy routines can lead to a domino affect to positive changes to your mood. I work with children, teens and adults.
(226) 407-8160 View (226) 407-8160
Photo of Angela D'Unian, MPsy, RP, Registered Psychotherapist
Angela D'Unian
Registered Psychotherapist, MPsy, RP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Georgetown, ON L7G
Do you feel overwhelmed by feelings of loneliness, loss of pleasure, lack of motivation, and constant exhaustion? Do you have constant negative thoughts and spend time worrying about worst-case scenarios? If you answered yes to these questions, you may be experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety. You are not alone in these struggles, I am here to help. I am a registered psychotherapist offering individual therapy to adolescents, adults, and seniors for a wide variety of concerns; including depression, anxiety, trauma, personality disorders, chronic pain, self-esteem issues, bullying, and relationship difficulties.
Do you feel overwhelmed by feelings of loneliness, loss of pleasure, lack of motivation, and constant exhaustion? Do you have constant negative thoughts and spend time worrying about worst-case scenarios? If you answered yes to these questions, you may be experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety. You are not alone in these struggles, I am here to help. I am a registered psychotherapist offering individual therapy to adolescents, adults, and seniors for a wide variety of concerns; including depression, anxiety, trauma, personality disorders, chronic pain, self-esteem issues, bullying, and relationship difficulties.
(289) 814-2161 View (289) 814-2161
Photo of undefined - Michelle Spudic , BSW, MSW, RSW, Registered Social Worker
Michelle Spudic
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Georgetown, ON L7G
An important part of healing is understanding the connection between mind and body and how it relates to experiences of anxiety, depression, and trauma. A fundamental component of recognizing your needs is to create an awareness of emotions. Our bodies signal us when there is discord, and through an experiential process, I focus on helping individuals make sense of their world. My work focuses on coping with difficult body sensations while also helping you begin to think and feel differently about your experiences, your emotions and ultimately yourself.
An important part of healing is understanding the connection between mind and body and how it relates to experiences of anxiety, depression, and trauma. A fundamental component of recognizing your needs is to create an awareness of emotions. Our bodies signal us when there is discord, and through an experiential process, I focus on helping individuals make sense of their world. My work focuses on coping with difficult body sensations while also helping you begin to think and feel differently about your experiences, your emotions and ultimately yourself.
(289) 724-3203 View (289) 724-3203

See more therapy options for Acton

Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.