Therapists in Hammonds Plains, NS

Photo of Barb E Bowers, Registered Counselling Therapist Candidate in Hammonds Plains, NS
Barb E Bowers
Registered Counselling Therapist Candidate, MEd, RCT-C, CCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B3Z
Life can be challenging and sometimes it feels like we are riding the rollercoaster of ups and downs, at times it can feel like we are near burn out. We are feeling overwhelmed, stressed, and full of anxiety. It is during these times that you need empathy, compassion, understanding and a safe place to unpack. In my practice, I offer a client-centered and supportive environment where you can feel safe to share your story and experiences. I help clients explore and process problems and challenges that impact every day life.
Life can be challenging and sometimes it feels like we are riding the rollercoaster of ups and downs, at times it can feel like we are near burn out. We are feeling overwhelmed, stressed, and full of anxiety. It is during these times that you need empathy, compassion, understanding and a safe place to unpack. In my practice, I offer a client-centered and supportive environment where you can feel safe to share your story and experiences. I help clients explore and process problems and challenges that impact every day life.
(782) 823-8129 View (782) 823-8129
Photo of Lindsay McNeil, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Lindsay McNeil
Psychologist, DPsyc
Verified Verified
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
Waitlist for new clients
I have a special interest in supporting clients in their journey towards parenthood, and building a strong early attachment relationship with their child(ren). Becoming a parent can challenge you in ways you had never imagined, both physically and emotionally. It is never too early to reach out for support. This is particularly true for individuals who have experienced fertility challenges, pregnancy loss, traumatic birth experiences, or are struggling with their own expectations of what it means to be a parent.
I have a special interest in supporting clients in their journey towards parenthood, and building a strong early attachment relationship with their child(ren). Becoming a parent can challenge you in ways you had never imagined, both physically and emotionally. It is never too early to reach out for support. This is particularly true for individuals who have experienced fertility challenges, pregnancy loss, traumatic birth experiences, or are struggling with their own expectations of what it means to be a parent.
(902) 909-5627 View (902) 909-5627
Photo of Amy Manuel Wiens, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Amy Manuel Wiens
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
I have extensive experience working with couples dealing with martial and relational issues. My systemic style of working with families helps build a strong bond between family members while exploring some potential root causes of discord. I also have a keen interest in working with parents on the many facets of parenting. Ranging from behaviour modification to raising children of character, integrity and respect. I also enjoy my work with individuals, starting from as young as 15 onward. I treat adjustment and mood disorders as well as anxiety, self-esteem, personal growth, stress/burnout, grief, and those dealing with separation and divorce.
I have extensive experience working with couples dealing with martial and relational issues. My systemic style of working with families helps build a strong bond between family members while exploring some potential root causes of discord. I also have a keen interest in working with parents on the many facets of parenting. Ranging from behaviour modification to raising children of character, integrity and respect. I also enjoy my work with individuals, starting from as young as 15 onward. I treat adjustment and mood disorders as well as anxiety, self-esteem, personal growth, stress/burnout, grief, and those dealing with separation and divorce.
(866) 291-4140 View (866) 291-4140
Photo of Dr. Lesley Roberts Phd Psychologist (R0882), Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Dr. Lesley Roberts Phd Psychologist (R0882)
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
Do you feel stuck? Or maybe a bit lost? Whether it is a long term problem or a sudden change in life circumstances, I'm here to help you navigate. By working collaboratively and compassionately with my clients, I help them process experiences that contribute to current physical and mental health problems.
Do you feel stuck? Or maybe a bit lost? Whether it is a long term problem or a sudden change in life circumstances, I'm here to help you navigate. By working collaboratively and compassionately with my clients, I help them process experiences that contribute to current physical and mental health problems.
(782) 800-0938 View (782) 800-0938
Photo of Susan Young, Counsellor in Hammonds Plains, NS
Susan Young
Counsellor, MEd, RCT-C
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
Stress, anxiety, relationships, intrusive thoughts and trauma can be overwhelming to navigate alone. There are times in life when we don't know what step to take next. As a professional counsellor, I offer a supportive, safe, judgement free space to share your story and design therapeutic goals together. I believe that we all need support as we walk our unique life journey. I integrate a range of evidenced-base, trauma informed therapies into my counselling practice to best meet your needs. Coming to counselling is an act of self-compassion, connection and hope.
Stress, anxiety, relationships, intrusive thoughts and trauma can be overwhelming to navigate alone. There are times in life when we don't know what step to take next. As a professional counsellor, I offer a supportive, safe, judgement free space to share your story and design therapeutic goals together. I believe that we all need support as we walk our unique life journey. I integrate a range of evidenced-base, trauma informed therapies into my counselling practice to best meet your needs. Coming to counselling is an act of self-compassion, connection and hope.
(782) 800-5760 View (782) 800-5760
Photo of Ena Vukatana, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Ena Vukatana
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
I view my role in therapy as that of a coach, who strives to help youth and their families to make meaningful changes in their lives. I value a collaborative approach, and always aim to foster a positive environment where clients feel supported in taking steps toward their goals. I specialize in working with children and adolescents, and offer treatment for anxiety, depression, coping with stress or life transitions, low self-esteem, behavioural challenges, and sleep difficulties. I also have expertise in working with youth experiencing challenges with chronic health conditions, medical and dental anxiety, medication taking, and pain.
I view my role in therapy as that of a coach, who strives to help youth and their families to make meaningful changes in their lives. I value a collaborative approach, and always aim to foster a positive environment where clients feel supported in taking steps toward their goals. I specialize in working with children and adolescents, and offer treatment for anxiety, depression, coping with stress or life transitions, low self-esteem, behavioural challenges, and sleep difficulties. I also have expertise in working with youth experiencing challenges with chronic health conditions, medical and dental anxiety, medication taking, and pain.
(902) 918-5546 View (902) 918-5546
Photo of Dr. Valerie Grant, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Dr. Valerie Grant
Psychologist, PhD, RPsych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
Stressed? Anxious? The strategies you've always used to cope haven't been working as well as they did before. It's time to make changes, but where to begin? You're ready to find a warm, supportive professional who can help you get back to living the life you want.
Stressed? Anxious? The strategies you've always used to cope haven't been working as well as they did before. It's time to make changes, but where to begin? You're ready to find a warm, supportive professional who can help you get back to living the life you want.
(902) 702-2847 View (902) 702-2847
Photo of Sexual Assault Trauma Therapist, Registered Social Worker in Hammonds Plains, NS
Sexual Assault Trauma Therapist
Registered Social Worker, MSW, BSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
With 15 years of experience, I look to nurture safe relationships and acknowledge this as the most powerful tool when working with traumatized parts. Sexualized violence can cripple us in many ways. Trauma symptoms can fade and be put in the past for good, please know that lasting healing is possible. Progress indicators include feeling stronger emotionally, an increase in self-worth, and a decrease in triggers which help us feel present and connected to others. Sessions are paced at your speed. Healing is possible, and you have the right to feel it. Warmly, Selina.MSW, BSW, RSW.
With 15 years of experience, I look to nurture safe relationships and acknowledge this as the most powerful tool when working with traumatized parts. Sexualized violence can cripple us in many ways. Trauma symptoms can fade and be put in the past for good, please know that lasting healing is possible. Progress indicators include feeling stronger emotionally, an increase in self-worth, and a decrease in triggers which help us feel present and connected to others. Sessions are paced at your speed. Healing is possible, and you have the right to feel it. Warmly, Selina.MSW, BSW, RSW.
(782) 800-5740 View (782) 800-5740
Photo of Sacha Curran, Registered Social Worker in Hammonds Plains, NS
Sacha Curran
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW, BSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B3Z
Waitlist for new clients
Sometimes life can all add up and we find ourselves wondering “how did I get here?” or feeling stuck, not knowing what direction to take our first step. That is where therapy can help. My approach to therapy is that of genuine care and compassion balanced with gentle nudging towards the life you want to live. How do you want to show up to the world? to yourself? The answer may not be all that clear right now, but if you choose, I would be honored to walk alongside you on your therapeutic journey as you gain an understanding of your stuck points, build on coping skills, reach your goals and come out the other side of the tough stuff.
Sometimes life can all add up and we find ourselves wondering “how did I get here?” or feeling stuck, not knowing what direction to take our first step. That is where therapy can help. My approach to therapy is that of genuine care and compassion balanced with gentle nudging towards the life you want to live. How do you want to show up to the world? to yourself? The answer may not be all that clear right now, but if you choose, I would be honored to walk alongside you on your therapeutic journey as you gain an understanding of your stuck points, build on coping skills, reach your goals and come out the other side of the tough stuff.
(782) 824-3144 View (782) 824-3144
Photo of Lisa Grady, Counsellor in Hammonds Plains, NS
Lisa Grady
Counsellor, MA, RCT-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B3Z
Currently welcoming new clients! When working with me, you can expect an allied approach to care, where your individuality is not only respected but celebrated. I offer a warm, supportive, and nonjudgmental space where you can safely and openly share your story.
Currently welcoming new clients! When working with me, you can expect an allied approach to care, where your individuality is not only respected but celebrated. I offer a warm, supportive, and nonjudgmental space where you can safely and openly share your story.
(782) 201-4035 View (782) 201-4035
Photo of Susan Cameron, Registered Social Worker in Hammonds Plains, NS
Susan Cameron
Registered Social Worker, MSW,RSW
Verified Verified
Hammonds Plains, NS B3Z
I am a registered clinical social worker and I have had the pleasure of working with youth and families for over 20 years. I use a collaborative approach in treatment to individual youth and to families grounded in evidence-based methods such as Cognitive Behavioral and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as well as Structural Family Therapy. These approaches respect the client/family and the therapeutic relationship. I support the values of the individuals and families and the expertise they bring while working together toward their desired goals.
I am a registered clinical social worker and I have had the pleasure of working with youth and families for over 20 years. I use a collaborative approach in treatment to individual youth and to families grounded in evidence-based methods such as Cognitive Behavioral and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as well as Structural Family Therapy. These approaches respect the client/family and the therapeutic relationship. I support the values of the individuals and families and the expertise they bring while working together toward their desired goals.
(782) 492-0157 View (782) 492-0157
Photo of Jennifer M. Banks, Counsellor in Hammonds Plains, NS
Jennifer M. Banks
Counsellor, RCT, CCC, RP, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B3Z
Are you and your partner always at eachother? Are you feeling tired of fighting day in and day out? Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) and I can help! I am here to help you figure out the cycle of conflict that is eating away at your relationship. I also offer EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing) which assists in processing any trauma that may be standing in the way as well. Let's work together so you can have the relationship you have always wanted. I offer direct billing, and offer evening and weekend appointments. I can't wait to work together!
Are you and your partner always at eachother? Are you feeling tired of fighting day in and day out? Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) and I can help! I am here to help you figure out the cycle of conflict that is eating away at your relationship. I also offer EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing) which assists in processing any trauma that may be standing in the way as well. Let's work together so you can have the relationship you have always wanted. I offer direct billing, and offer evening and weekend appointments. I can't wait to work together!
(902) 200-6331 View (902) 200-6331
Photo of ACCEL Counselling and Psychotherapy, Counsellor in Hammonds Plains, NS
ACCEL Counselling and Psychotherapy
Counsellor, BA , BEd, MEd, CCC, RCT-C
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
As your Counsellor, I bring commitment and compassion to everything I do, including my work with my clients. I have been right where you are. Chances are, you’ve already tried a number of strategies including self-help strategies, exercise, yoga, medication, meditation, books or podcasts, and natural remedies. Although some of them might have helped a bit, you are still feeling stuck. Life just doesn’t feel as good as it should, and your relationships are suffering. You find yourself reacting to things you wouldn’t normally, and not being able to handle things as well as you typically are.
As your Counsellor, I bring commitment and compassion to everything I do, including my work with my clients. I have been right where you are. Chances are, you’ve already tried a number of strategies including self-help strategies, exercise, yoga, medication, meditation, books or podcasts, and natural remedies. Although some of them might have helped a bit, you are still feeling stuck. Life just doesn’t feel as good as it should, and your relationships are suffering. You find yourself reacting to things you wouldn’t normally, and not being able to handle things as well as you typically are.
(902) 901-2666 View (902) 901-2666
Photo of Brittany Lynn Parsons, Registered Counselling Therapist Candidate in Hammonds Plains, NS
Brittany Lynn Parsons
Registered Counselling Therapist Candidate, MA, BA, CYC-P
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Hammonds Plains, NS B4B
Currently accepting new clients in person and remotely! Welcome! You, the client, are the expert of your life. Taking the first step of reaching out for support is a courageous act! You deserve to feel your best and be celebrated in your efforts along the way. You may be eager to begin your therapeutic journey or hesitant - both feelings are okay. I work with children, youth, families and adults. I specialize in trauma, attachment, adverse childhood experiences, grief/loss and life transitions, etc.
Currently accepting new clients in person and remotely! Welcome! You, the client, are the expert of your life. Taking the first step of reaching out for support is a courageous act! You deserve to feel your best and be celebrated in your efforts along the way. You may be eager to begin your therapeutic journey or hesitant - both feelings are okay. I work with children, youth, families and adults. I specialize in trauma, attachment, adverse childhood experiences, grief/loss and life transitions, etc.
(902) 403-1599 View (902) 403-1599

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Yvonne Paquette, Registered Social Worker in Hammonds Plains, NS
Yvonne Paquette
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Halifax, NS B3T  (Online Only)
Do you have responses that seem out of alignment with a triggering event, or emotions coming from unknown places, lingering uncomfortably long? Are you or your loved one navigating addiction, recovery, or a mental health condition? Are you curious about developments in the field of psychedelic medicine, or have questions about harm-reduction and integrative meaning making? Perhaps you are having internal conflicts with your self, your identity, allyship and settler status, or life/work direction? Or maybe you just need a confidential, nonjudgmental, supportive space to express yourself?
Do you have responses that seem out of alignment with a triggering event, or emotions coming from unknown places, lingering uncomfortably long? Are you or your loved one navigating addiction, recovery, or a mental health condition? Are you curious about developments in the field of psychedelic medicine, or have questions about harm-reduction and integrative meaning making? Perhaps you are having internal conflicts with your self, your identity, allyship and settler status, or life/work direction? Or maybe you just need a confidential, nonjudgmental, supportive space to express yourself?
View
Photo of Dr. Conor Barker, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Dr. Conor Barker
Psychologist, PhD, R Psych
Verified Verified
Bedford, NS B4B
Accepting Assessment Clients: I work with children, youth, and adults who may have symptoms associated with learning disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, depression, and autism spectrum disorder. I specialize in post-secondary students, and Adult Autism Assessments. Working with my clients, their families, schools, and primary health teams I assist my clients in clearly defining the issues they are facing, making diagnostic conclusions, and coming up with a holistic treatment plan to help them move forward towards their personal, academic, or professional goals.
Accepting Assessment Clients: I work with children, youth, and adults who may have symptoms associated with learning disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, depression, and autism spectrum disorder. I specialize in post-secondary students, and Adult Autism Assessments. Working with my clients, their families, schools, and primary health teams I assist my clients in clearly defining the issues they are facing, making diagnostic conclusions, and coming up with a holistic treatment plan to help them move forward towards their personal, academic, or professional goals.
(782) 400-5385 View (782) 400-5385
Photo of Lauren Scott, Counsellor in Hammonds Plains, NS
Lauren Scott
Counsellor, MACP, MHSA, RCT-C
Verified Verified
Bedford, NS B4B
**Online Counselling available.** Do you find yourself stressed and overwhelmed? Anxious? Struggling in your relationships? But you have no idea how to change things and start living the life you want and deserve. If you have struggled with making changes in the past, I believe together we can shape your future. Therapy is a supportive process that can enable us to move past blockages, with the tools and techniques that work for us we can find our way to a future we are eager to step in to.
**Online Counselling available.** Do you find yourself stressed and overwhelmed? Anxious? Struggling in your relationships? But you have no idea how to change things and start living the life you want and deserve. If you have struggled with making changes in the past, I believe together we can shape your future. Therapy is a supportive process that can enable us to move past blockages, with the tools and techniques that work for us we can find our way to a future we are eager to step in to.
(902) 915-7242 View (902) 915-7242
Photo of Emily Orr Psychologist, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Emily Orr Psychologist
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Bedford, NS B4A
I am a clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of eating disorders and/or trauma in adults 25 and older. While these diagnoses often have co-occuring issues (e.g., addiction, depression, anxiety), I am not a generalist practitioner. This means that I do not treat people with issues (e.g., addiction, depression, or anxiety) unless there is also eating disorders or trauma-related issues. This is because I spend my time enhancing my skills in treating eating disorders and trauma; therefore, this is where my strengths lie and these are the people whom I can best help.
I am a clinical psychologist who specializes in the treatment of eating disorders and/or trauma in adults 25 and older. While these diagnoses often have co-occuring issues (e.g., addiction, depression, anxiety), I am not a generalist practitioner. This means that I do not treat people with issues (e.g., addiction, depression, or anxiety) unless there is also eating disorders or trauma-related issues. This is because I spend my time enhancing my skills in treating eating disorders and trauma; therefore, this is where my strengths lie and these are the people whom I can best help.
(782) 800-0978 View (782) 800-0978
Photo of Dr. Susan Battista, Psychologist in Hammonds Plains, NS
Dr. Susan Battista
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Bedford, NS B4B
Now accepting new clients! Part of your caring community, I help children, adolescents, and adults move towards their valued goals.
Now accepting new clients! Part of your caring community, I help children, adolescents, and adults move towards their valued goals.
(782) 201-0281 View (782) 201-0281
Photo of Mary Hewitt, Registered Social Worker in Hammonds Plains, NS
Mary Hewitt
Registered Social Worker, MEd, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Tantallon, NS B3Z  (Online Only)
As a client-centered, strengths-based therapist, I specialize in guiding clients through the ups and downs of life, relationships and transitions. My practice is built on trust, collaboration, acceptance, compassion and professionalism. My goal is to work collaboratively with clients to uncover, discover, recover and create healthy coping patterns, strategies and tools to effectively deal with day-to-day problems and complex issues.
As a client-centered, strengths-based therapist, I specialize in guiding clients through the ups and downs of life, relationships and transitions. My practice is built on trust, collaboration, acceptance, compassion and professionalism. My goal is to work collaboratively with clients to uncover, discover, recover and create healthy coping patterns, strategies and tools to effectively deal with day-to-day problems and complex issues.
(902) 818-5868 View (902) 818-5868

See more therapy options for Hammonds Plains

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Hammonds Plains, NS

10+

Average cost per session

$175

Counsellors in Hammonds Plains, NS who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Coping Skills
86% Relationship Issues
86% Stress
86% Life Transitions
79% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Blue Cross
58% Medavie Blue Cross
50% Manulife

How Counsellors in Hammonds Plains, NS see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

93% Female
7% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Hammonds Plains?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.