Therapists in Smithers, BC

Photo of Shannon Rue, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Shannon Rue
Counsellor, RTC
Verified
Smithers, BC V0J
Being truly honest with someone about how you’re feeling can feel scary at first - that's normal. It also may be the best decision you make and exactly what you need. There are many reasons to begin counselling and if you're here looking, there's a part of you that's curious about change. Trust that part. Invest in you, your growth and healing and watch what happens. Perhaps you're feeling overwhelmed in life or your current situation, your relationships may be challenging, thoughts are racing, sleep isn't great, you feel dysregulated, disconnected from yourself or you just feel stuck. Your body is trying to get your attention.
Being truly honest with someone about how you’re feeling can feel scary at first - that's normal. It also may be the best decision you make and exactly what you need. There are many reasons to begin counselling and if you're here looking, there's a part of you that's curious about change. Trust that part. Invest in you, your growth and healing and watch what happens. Perhaps you're feeling overwhelmed in life or your current situation, your relationships may be challenging, thoughts are racing, sleep isn't great, you feel dysregulated, disconnected from yourself or you just feel stuck. Your body is trying to get your attention.
(778) 767-2155 View (778) 767-2155
Photo of Janet Holyk, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Janet Holyk
Counsellor, MTC, RTC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
Sometimes life presents us with difficulties that are tough to manage or resolve on our own. A space to express who we are and be accepted. No filter needed - Where you are is where you are and that's OK. Perhaps today is the day that you decide to take that first brave step towards discovering the stronger you. We work collaboratively to discover healing, overcoming, tools and strengths using Solution Focused & Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) methods. My goal is to provide an accepting, laid back, comfortable space where you can unpack, process, learn and discover all that is meant for you moving forward. See You Soon.
Sometimes life presents us with difficulties that are tough to manage or resolve on our own. A space to express who we are and be accepted. No filter needed - Where you are is where you are and that's OK. Perhaps today is the day that you decide to take that first brave step towards discovering the stronger you. We work collaboratively to discover healing, overcoming, tools and strengths using Solution Focused & Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) methods. My goal is to provide an accepting, laid back, comfortable space where you can unpack, process, learn and discover all that is meant for you moving forward. See You Soon.
(855) 906-4561 View (855) 906-4561
Photo of Erin V Williams, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Erin V Williams
Counsellor, MACP, CCC, RCC
Verified
Smithers, BC V0J
Erin is a Canadian Certified Counsellor (CCC) and Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC) who operates from a trauma-informed, feminist, and culturally-sensitive viewpoint and is person-centred and humanistic. Erin enjoys working with teens, young adults, and anyone experiencing significant life changes both in person and virtually. I particularly specialize in grief and loss, that includes losing pieces of ourselves or opportunities, neurospicy brains (e.g. autism, ADHD, anxiety, depression), and processing and re-processing of trauma to re-write your story in a way that is not harmful to you life.
Erin is a Canadian Certified Counsellor (CCC) and Registered Clinical Counsellor (RCC) who operates from a trauma-informed, feminist, and culturally-sensitive viewpoint and is person-centred and humanistic. Erin enjoys working with teens, young adults, and anyone experiencing significant life changes both in person and virtually. I particularly specialize in grief and loss, that includes losing pieces of ourselves or opportunities, neurospicy brains (e.g. autism, ADHD, anxiety, depression), and processing and re-processing of trauma to re-write your story in a way that is not harmful to you life.
(365) 363-2453 View (365) 363-2453
Photo of David Wenzel, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
David Wenzel
Counsellor, MEd, RCC, CCC
Verified
Smithers, BC V0J
Are you feeling stuck or caught in a loop? I help clients and couples shift towards more harmony and confidence within themselves and with one another. Together we will move forward, create more clarity, and clear the path for healing and change in your life.
Are you feeling stuck or caught in a loop? I help clients and couples shift towards more harmony and confidence within themselves and with one another. Together we will move forward, create more clarity, and clear the path for healing and change in your life.
(506) 405-0479 View (506) 405-0479
Photo of Andra Nadeau, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Smithers, BC
Andra Nadeau
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, RCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
Many children struggle with emotional and behavioural challenges that affect their wellbeing and optimal functioning - for complex reasons. Mental health problems that are caught early can prevent further compounding challenges, support healthy development, and build a strong foundation for lifelong wellbeing. Childhood mental health challenges are often hard for caregivers, too. Caregivers know their children best, yet becoming a caregiver doesn’t come with knowledge and tools specific to mental health challenges.
Many children struggle with emotional and behavioural challenges that affect their wellbeing and optimal functioning - for complex reasons. Mental health problems that are caught early can prevent further compounding challenges, support healthy development, and build a strong foundation for lifelong wellbeing. Childhood mental health challenges are often hard for caregivers, too. Caregivers know their children best, yet becoming a caregiver doesn’t come with knowledge and tools specific to mental health challenges.
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Photo of Patricia Ann Jones, Psychologist in Smithers, BC
Patricia Ann Jones
Psychologist, MSc, RPsych, CCC
Verified
Smithers, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
I offer a safe, confidential, and non-judgemental space for clients to discuss their concerns. My focus is on highlighting client-strengths and helping you to discover the most effective and least disruptive way to tackle your concerns.
I offer a safe, confidential, and non-judgemental space for clients to discuss their concerns. My focus is on highlighting client-strengths and helping you to discover the most effective and least disruptive way to tackle your concerns.
(365) 364-2699 View (365) 364-2699
Photo of Teresa Schmidt, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Teresa Schmidt
Counsellor, RTC
Verified
5 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
Each of us have encountered suffering, loss, brokenness and trauma. Each of us have stories that need healing and restoration. You may be ready to address harm and tragedy with informed care and holistic engagement. Courageously stepping into stories of pain and harm is the very place that true healing and restoration occurs. If you're looking for extra support and guidance as you navigate through your healing journey it may be time to take the next step and reach out for help.
Each of us have encountered suffering, loss, brokenness and trauma. Each of us have stories that need healing and restoration. You may be ready to address harm and tragedy with informed care and holistic engagement. Courageously stepping into stories of pain and harm is the very place that true healing and restoration occurs. If you're looking for extra support and guidance as you navigate through your healing journey it may be time to take the next step and reach out for help.
(844) 307-6012 View (844) 307-6012
Photo of Lynn Derksen, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Lynn Derksen
Counsellor, RTC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J
Not accepting new clients
As a Registered Therapeutic Counsellor, I provide a safe, non-judgmental space for people to share their struggles, feelings of overwhelm, the impacts of significant events in their life, past traumatic experiences, and life transitions. I believe we are not meant to be alone in our grief feelings, and we heal by sharing our thoughts, feelings, and experiences with someone who is objective, caring and compassionate. Utilizing an integrative approach, I use a variety of techniques, including focusing,-oriented therapy, somatic therapy, mindfulness tools, and trauma informed practices.
As a Registered Therapeutic Counsellor, I provide a safe, non-judgmental space for people to share their struggles, feelings of overwhelm, the impacts of significant events in their life, past traumatic experiences, and life transitions. I believe we are not meant to be alone in our grief feelings, and we heal by sharing our thoughts, feelings, and experiences with someone who is objective, caring and compassionate. Utilizing an integrative approach, I use a variety of techniques, including focusing,-oriented therapy, somatic therapy, mindfulness tools, and trauma informed practices.
(855) 809-7929 View (855) 809-7929
Photo of Jessica Williams, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Jessica Williams
Counsellor, BEd, MA, RCC
Verified
Smithers, BC V0J  (Online Only)
Jessica has over ten years experience as a counsellor and has assisted hundreds of clients by incorporating a combination of EMDR, Shame Resilience, CBT, Family Systems as well as other practices relevant to each client’s unique situation. She is trained and qualified to help you address many issues; specializing in Healing Shame, relationship and systemic issues in the workplace, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, communication skills and ADHD. Jessica provides you with a private, safe and nurturing environment that will empower you to turn your obstacles into opportunities, clearing the way for improved emotional health
Jessica has over ten years experience as a counsellor and has assisted hundreds of clients by incorporating a combination of EMDR, Shame Resilience, CBT, Family Systems as well as other practices relevant to each client’s unique situation. She is trained and qualified to help you address many issues; specializing in Healing Shame, relationship and systemic issues in the workplace, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, communication skills and ADHD. Jessica provides you with a private, safe and nurturing environment that will empower you to turn your obstacles into opportunities, clearing the way for improved emotional health
(778) 766-3977 View (778) 766-3977
Photo of Claire DeWitt, Pre-Licensed Professional in Smithers, BC
Claire DeWitt
Pre-Licensed Professional, BSc, MACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J
Finding yourself constantly navigating the overwhelming demands of life? Now might be the time to connect with someone who cares and can help. Whether you want to manage emotions and stress more effectively or make a change in your life, I can work with you to develop realistic goals and a plan to get you there. My approach balances warmth and encouragement with gentle challenges to provide opportunities for personal growth and change.
Finding yourself constantly navigating the overwhelming demands of life? Now might be the time to connect with someone who cares and can help. Whether you want to manage emotions and stress more effectively or make a change in your life, I can work with you to develop realistic goals and a plan to get you there. My approach balances warmth and encouragement with gentle challenges to provide opportunities for personal growth and change.
(506) 307-5835 View (506) 307-5835
Photo of Nina Sloan, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Nina Sloan
Counsellor, MA, RCC, CCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J  (Online Only)
My areas of passion are working with 2SLGBTQIA clients, alternative sexual/romantic relationship identities & dynamics (ex. ethically non-monogamy, polyamory, kink, swinging, BDSM, open relationships, sex work, etc.), sex & intimacy, consent & boundaries, religious trauma, chronic pain/illness, neurodiversity, and life transitions. I draw from both education and lived experience to provide deeper insight into supporting you from an open-minded, trauma-informed, sex-positive, and affirming framework. The journey of healing and growth can be messy, challenging, and heart-breaking while also beautifully majestic and worth every effort.
My areas of passion are working with 2SLGBTQIA clients, alternative sexual/romantic relationship identities & dynamics (ex. ethically non-monogamy, polyamory, kink, swinging, BDSM, open relationships, sex work, etc.), sex & intimacy, consent & boundaries, religious trauma, chronic pain/illness, neurodiversity, and life transitions. I draw from both education and lived experience to provide deeper insight into supporting you from an open-minded, trauma-informed, sex-positive, and affirming framework. The journey of healing and growth can be messy, challenging, and heart-breaking while also beautifully majestic and worth every effort.
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Photo of Birgit Laskowski, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Birgit Laskowski
Counsellor, BA, MEd, CCC
Verified
Smithers, BC V0J
Do you wish you could work through some past events or unhelpful patterns in your life? Maybe there are lingering effects from things that happened to you before, and you'd like to move through them. Perhaps you question why you keep ending up in unhealthy relationships, and you're not sure if you need to change yourself, or change who you choose to spend time with. Or, you may notice you have self-limiting thoughts or beliefs ("I'm not good enough", "other people's needs are more important than my own", "I can't trust anyone") preventing you from reaching your potential.
Do you wish you could work through some past events or unhelpful patterns in your life? Maybe there are lingering effects from things that happened to you before, and you'd like to move through them. Perhaps you question why you keep ending up in unhealthy relationships, and you're not sure if you need to change yourself, or change who you choose to spend time with. Or, you may notice you have self-limiting thoughts or beliefs ("I'm not good enough", "other people's needs are more important than my own", "I can't trust anyone") preventing you from reaching your potential.
(587) 840-8308 View (587) 840-8308
Photo of Jen Millar, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Jen Millar
Counsellor, RTC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J  (Online Only)
If you feel a lot of tension and dysregulation in your home, it might be helpful to get some outside help. I work with youth and families to help facilitate healthy and respectful communication. It is my belief that everyone deserves to feel heard and validated. I also work directly with children, parents, and individuals who are struggling with stress, anxiety, and depression. I offer lower fees so everyone can get the help they deserve.
If you feel a lot of tension and dysregulation in your home, it might be helpful to get some outside help. I work with youth and families to help facilitate healthy and respectful communication. It is my belief that everyone deserves to feel heard and validated. I also work directly with children, parents, and individuals who are struggling with stress, anxiety, and depression. I offer lower fees so everyone can get the help they deserve.
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Photo of Cayla Steinbach (Repiphany Counselling), Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Cayla Steinbach (Repiphany Counselling)
Counsellor, RSW, RCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Smithers, BC V0J
Are your ready to invest in yourself and understand more deeply who you are? Help yourself move forward with greater ease and awareness, enhance your relationship with yourself and others, and move through blockages that keep you stuck? My counselling services support individuals, couples and families who are struggling with a variety of health challenges and areas related to depression, anxiety, grief and loss, self-esteem, trauma, stress management and addictions. I support couples to reconnect, enhance communication and work through conflict utilizing Gottman Method couples therapy.
Are your ready to invest in yourself and understand more deeply who you are? Help yourself move forward with greater ease and awareness, enhance your relationship with yourself and others, and move through blockages that keep you stuck? My counselling services support individuals, couples and families who are struggling with a variety of health challenges and areas related to depression, anxiety, grief and loss, self-esteem, trauma, stress management and addictions. I support couples to reconnect, enhance communication and work through conflict utilizing Gottman Method couples therapy.
(343) 308-1906 View (343) 308-1906

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Christina Bianchini (Repiphany Counselling), Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Christina Bianchini (Repiphany Counselling)
Counsellor, RPC, MPCC
Verified
6 Endorsed
Mackenzie, BC V0J
It's time to invest in your personal growth in a real way. You want to build more authentic relationships, face fears, and create real lasting change in your life. You are tired of repeating patterns that just don't fulfill you. You want more self-compassion and to live with greater integrity. You want to live with bravery, passion, joy and love. It's time to heal, strengthen, and grow through couples therapy or personal counseling. Let me help you move forward as your coach or therapist.
It's time to invest in your personal growth in a real way. You want to build more authentic relationships, face fears, and create real lasting change in your life. You are tired of repeating patterns that just don't fulfill you. You want more self-compassion and to live with greater integrity. You want to live with bravery, passion, joy and love. It's time to heal, strengthen, and grow through couples therapy or personal counseling. Let me help you move forward as your coach or therapist.
(866) 451-1818 View (866) 451-1818
Photo of Nicole Plante (Align Counselling), Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Nicole Plante (Align Counselling)
Counsellor, BSc, MEd, RCC, CCC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Fort St James, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
Nicole is a Registered Clinical Counsellor and Canadian Certified Counsellor providing Counselling and EMDR Therapy to adults, couples, and families. Nicole has worked extensively with adults in distress, couples in conflict, families in crisis, and youth at risk, in both Counselling and Outreach formats. Nicole's 25+ years of combined experience is enhanced by a Master's Degree in Counselling, a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology, and a commitment to regular upgrading to keep current in her field.
Nicole is a Registered Clinical Counsellor and Canadian Certified Counsellor providing Counselling and EMDR Therapy to adults, couples, and families. Nicole has worked extensively with adults in distress, couples in conflict, families in crisis, and youth at risk, in both Counselling and Outreach formats. Nicole's 25+ years of combined experience is enhanced by a Master's Degree in Counselling, a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology, and a commitment to regular upgrading to keep current in her field.
(778) 400-4798 View (778) 400-4798
Photo of Prince George Counselling, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Prince George Counselling
Counsellor, MA, MEd, RCC
Verified
Vanderhoof, BC V0J  (Online Only)
Hello. I'm Simon Zukowski and I pride myself on providing high quality counselling to the residents of Prince George and Northern BC. I believe that, given the right conditions, every person can overcome feelings of anxiety, sadness, or frustration to lead a life of contentment and meaning. It is my role and privilege to help create these conditions for my clients. Yes, there is a light at the end of the tunnel…. Please contact me for a free 30min consultation. I hope to hear from you.
Hello. I'm Simon Zukowski and I pride myself on providing high quality counselling to the residents of Prince George and Northern BC. I believe that, given the right conditions, every person can overcome feelings of anxiety, sadness, or frustration to lead a life of contentment and meaning. It is my role and privilege to help create these conditions for my clients. Yes, there is a light at the end of the tunnel…. Please contact me for a free 30min consultation. I hope to hear from you.
(825) 251-2516 View (825) 251-2516
Photo of On the Ground Counselling- Sue MacDonald, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
On the Ground Counselling- Sue MacDonald
Counsellor, MC , RCC, MEd
Verified
1 Endorsed
Vanderhoof, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
Making the decision to seek counselling is not easy! My goal is to help guide my clients through challenging periods in their life to a place of balance and mental well-being in a client centered, non judgmental manner. I believe my well rounded experiences, easy going nature and true care and compassion for people allows my clients the freedom to work with me in a confidential, trauma informed environment. Based on the individual clients goals, needs and preferences, I personalize the counselling experience in a way that is meaningful to them.
Making the decision to seek counselling is not easy! My goal is to help guide my clients through challenging periods in their life to a place of balance and mental well-being in a client centered, non judgmental manner. I believe my well rounded experiences, easy going nature and true care and compassion for people allows my clients the freedom to work with me in a confidential, trauma informed environment. Based on the individual clients goals, needs and preferences, I personalize the counselling experience in a way that is meaningful to them.
(778) 766-4546 View (778) 766-4546
Photo of Patricia Penner | Stable Minds Therapeutic Services, Psychiatric Nurse in Smithers, BC
Patricia Penner | Stable Minds Therapeutic Services
Psychiatric Nurse, RPN
Verified
Fort St James, BC V0J
Waitlist for new clients
My mission is to provide compassionate, comprehensive, and evidence-based care for individuals struggling with mental health and addiction issues. As a psychiatric nurse and mental health counsellor, I strive to create a safe and nonjudgmental environment where clients can find solace, support, and guidance on their journey to recovery.
My mission is to provide compassionate, comprehensive, and evidence-based care for individuals struggling with mental health and addiction issues. As a psychiatric nurse and mental health counsellor, I strive to create a safe and nonjudgmental environment where clients can find solace, support, and guidance on their journey to recovery.
(438) 817-6003 View (438) 817-6003
Photo of Tammy Skomorowski (True S3lf) Spiritual Life Coach, Counsellor in Smithers, BC
Tammy Skomorowski (True S3lf) Spiritual Life Coach
Counsellor, MEd, CCC, CSLC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Vanderhoof, BC V0J
Are you tired of superficial strategies and short-term results? If you're ready to make life-long changes once-and-for-all, I'll support you to dive deep and do the real work. You can erase and replace subconscious negative beliefs so you can manage anxiety, feelings & triggers, and free up old patterns that don't serve you anymore. When you combine proven CBT strategies, mindfulness meditation & attachment theory practices this is the most effective way to create lasting transformation & tap into your intuition.
Are you tired of superficial strategies and short-term results? If you're ready to make life-long changes once-and-for-all, I'll support you to dive deep and do the real work. You can erase and replace subconscious negative beliefs so you can manage anxiety, feelings & triggers, and free up old patterns that don't serve you anymore. When you combine proven CBT strategies, mindfulness meditation & attachment theory practices this is the most effective way to create lasting transformation & tap into your intuition.
(844) 294-8007 View (844) 294-8007

See more therapy options for Smithers

Nearby Searches for Smithers

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Smithers, BC

10+

Average cost per session

$135

Counsellors in Smithers, BC who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
86% Self Esteem
71% Relationship Issues
71% Depression
71% Women's Issues
71% Life Transitions
64% Grief

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Pacific Blue Cross
75% Green Shield Canada
75% SunLife

How Counsellors in Smithers, BC see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

93% Female
7% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Smithers?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.