Therapists in Bowen Island, BC

Photo of Ginger Rose, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Ginger Rose
Counsellor, MA, RCC
Verified Verified
Bowen Island, BC V0N  (Online Only)
Welcome! I value upholding compassion, patience, understanding, and accountability in every session. I have a special interest in working with young adults on topics relating to anxiety, depression, trauma, interpersonal relationship dynamics, identity development, and relationship with self.
Welcome! I value upholding compassion, patience, understanding, and accountability in every session. I have a special interest in working with young adults on topics relating to anxiety, depression, trauma, interpersonal relationship dynamics, identity development, and relationship with self.
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Photo of Miles Rubin Therapy and Coaching , Registered Social Worker in Bowen Island, BC
Miles Rubin Therapy and Coaching
Registered Social Worker, RSW/MSW
Verified Verified
Bowen Island, BC V0N
I value collaborative partnerships where I act as a guide, rather than an expert, and engage in conversations where I respectfully help clients identify what may be holding them back. I help individuals to more effectively identify and cope with challenging thoughts, feelings, memories and emotions while connecting with the values that make life more meaningful. I practice with an anti-oppressive framework and I acknowledge how identities such as race, gender, sexual identity and economic background impact the lived realities of clients.
I value collaborative partnerships where I act as a guide, rather than an expert, and engage in conversations where I respectfully help clients identify what may be holding them back. I help individuals to more effectively identify and cope with challenging thoughts, feelings, memories and emotions while connecting with the values that make life more meaningful. I practice with an anti-oppressive framework and I acknowledge how identities such as race, gender, sexual identity and economic background impact the lived realities of clients.
(587) 801-2573 View (587) 801-2573
Photo of Christina Atkinson, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Christina Atkinson
Counsellor, MA, RCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N
I support people in discovering, reclaiming, and cultivating their own personal strengths, insights, and resilience. We cannot always change the circumstances of our lives but I believe everyone possesses the capacity to turn towards their pain and challenges, with compassion and curiosity in support of cultivating a meaningful life.
I support people in discovering, reclaiming, and cultivating their own personal strengths, insights, and resilience. We cannot always change the circumstances of our lives but I believe everyone possesses the capacity to turn towards their pain and challenges, with compassion and curiosity in support of cultivating a meaningful life.
(548) 901-0263 View (548) 901-0263
Photo of Compassionate Resolutions Counselling & Education, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Compassionate Resolutions Counselling & Education
Counsellor, MTC, RTC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N
I provide transpersonal counselling psychology sessions for individuals, couples, and groups locally and internationally, in-person or online. I guide people to discover compassionate resolutions to their current concerns by integrating contemplative practices from the world's wisdom traditions and leading-edge psychotherapeutic approaches. Having personally traveled the terrain of the 'dark night of the soul,' and also witnessed firsthand miraculous transformations of hundreds of people, I can attest to the capacity of the human soul to transform traumatic losses, transitions, or crises into a sense of greater peace, clarity, and empowerment, when met with presence, empathy, and unconditional acceptance.
I provide transpersonal counselling psychology sessions for individuals, couples, and groups locally and internationally, in-person or online. I guide people to discover compassionate resolutions to their current concerns by integrating contemplative practices from the world's wisdom traditions and leading-edge psychotherapeutic approaches. Having personally traveled the terrain of the 'dark night of the soul,' and also witnessed firsthand miraculous transformations of hundreds of people, I can attest to the capacity of the human soul to transform traumatic losses, transitions, or crises into a sense of greater peace, clarity, and empowerment, when met with presence, empathy, and unconditional acceptance.
(778) 761-4386 View (778) 761-4386
Photo of Sara Warren, Registered Psychotherapist in Bowen Island, BC
Sara Warren
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP, RP, CCC, RCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N
My goal is to work collaboratively with you based on your specific goals and needs with an emphasis on building a strong therapeutic relationship and creating a safe environment. I provide psychotherapy services for issues related, but not limited to, various forms of trauma and abuse, interpersonal relationships, substance use, self-esteem, identity, eating disorders, self-harm, depression, anxiety, and chronic illness.
My goal is to work collaboratively with you based on your specific goals and needs with an emphasis on building a strong therapeutic relationship and creating a safe environment. I provide psychotherapy services for issues related, but not limited to, various forms of trauma and abuse, interpersonal relationships, substance use, self-esteem, identity, eating disorders, self-harm, depression, anxiety, and chronic illness.
(613) 704-0290 View (613) 704-0290
Photo of Shannon Tully, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Shannon Tully
Counsellor, MSc, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N
Welcome. I am a Registered Clinical Counsellor with a background in Speech-Language Pathology. I offer an ethical and compassionate space for folks to open up and explore their inner world. I support people who are experiencing trauma, anxiety, depression, grief and loss, substance use issues, low self worth, and relationship challenges. I work with folks who are autistic and/or have ADHD, and I support people who are wanting to prepare for and process psychedelic experiences.
Welcome. I am a Registered Clinical Counsellor with a background in Speech-Language Pathology. I offer an ethical and compassionate space for folks to open up and explore their inner world. I support people who are experiencing trauma, anxiety, depression, grief and loss, substance use issues, low self worth, and relationship challenges. I work with folks who are autistic and/or have ADHD, and I support people who are wanting to prepare for and process psychedelic experiences.
(604) 265-9041 View (604) 265-9041
Photo of Hard Road Counselling, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Hard Road Counselling
Counsellor, MCP, RCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N  (Online Only)
Why is it that things have to hurt so much before we reach out for help? I help people struggling to feel better about themselves and less exhausted. I listen to people and try to understand what it's like to be them, how they're doing the best they can. When the only things left to do are mask, numb, and avoid the loneliness and pain, let's talk. Let's stop the pain. Let me help you learn another way to cope with life so you can be proud of and feel good about yourself again.
Why is it that things have to hurt so much before we reach out for help? I help people struggling to feel better about themselves and less exhausted. I listen to people and try to understand what it's like to be them, how they're doing the best they can. When the only things left to do are mask, numb, and avoid the loneliness and pain, let's talk. Let's stop the pain. Let me help you learn another way to cope with life so you can be proud of and feel good about yourself again.
(778) 860-7818 View (778) 860-7818
Photo of Michelle Carchrae, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Michelle Carchrae
Counsellor, MC, RCC
Verified Verified
Bowen Island, BC V0N  (Online Only)
When something's not working in your life, it can be frustrating, exhausting and overwhelming. Pain and suffering are signals that something needs attention. By working together, we can help you make sense of what is going on, create some space from overwhelming emotions, and find the natural next step to take. We will start where you are at right now, building skills and confidence as we go. Everyone has a natural drive towards growth, as well as ways that we have learned to protect ourselves from being hurt. Therapy can bring connection, compassion and curiosity, which help us move from suffering to feeling more ease in the world.
When something's not working in your life, it can be frustrating, exhausting and overwhelming. Pain and suffering are signals that something needs attention. By working together, we can help you make sense of what is going on, create some space from overwhelming emotions, and find the natural next step to take. We will start where you are at right now, building skills and confidence as we go. Everyone has a natural drive towards growth, as well as ways that we have learned to protect ourselves from being hurt. Therapy can bring connection, compassion and curiosity, which help us move from suffering to feeling more ease in the world.
(514) 613-7524 View (514) 613-7524
Photo of Cat Main Counselling - Taking Care of Caregivers, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Cat Main Counselling - Taking Care of Caregivers
Counsellor, MA, RCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N  (Online Only)
The focus of my practice is supporting Caregivers. People who are spending time & energy dedicated to the wellbeing of loved ones (family of origin or chosen family). It could be caring for young children, an aging parent, a sick partner, a sibling with a disability, a friend in recovery etc. I know from my own lived experience that care work has its own very unique challenges. And I draw on what I’ve learned, both personally and professionally, to create a counselling experience to meet your specific needs.
The focus of my practice is supporting Caregivers. People who are spending time & energy dedicated to the wellbeing of loved ones (family of origin or chosen family). It could be caring for young children, an aging parent, a sick partner, a sibling with a disability, a friend in recovery etc. I know from my own lived experience that care work has its own very unique challenges. And I draw on what I’ve learned, both personally and professionally, to create a counselling experience to meet your specific needs.
(819) 412-8862 View (819) 412-8862
Photo of Allison Nosek, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Allison Nosek
Counsellor, RTC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N
Allison is a Registered Therapeutic Counsellor with the Association of Cooperative Counselling Therapists. With a rich background spanning more than two decades encompassing entrepreneurship and close collaborations within the hair industry—creating a warm, welcoming, non-judgmental space comes naturally to her. Allison is eager to bring this skillset to a therapeutic environment!
Allison is a Registered Therapeutic Counsellor with the Association of Cooperative Counselling Therapists. With a rich background spanning more than two decades encompassing entrepreneurship and close collaborations within the hair industry—creating a warm, welcoming, non-judgmental space comes naturally to her. Allison is eager to bring this skillset to a therapeutic environment!
(506) 906-0218 View (506) 906-0218
Photo of Kevin Rose, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Kevin Rose
Counsellor, BA, RTC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N  (Online Only)
Are you a couple or individual struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma or relationship difficulties? Caught in a negative cycle of worry or panic? We all seek love and to belong, and have experienced ruptures there. Understanding the story under your story will help you rediscover your vital inner resourcefulness. I will join with you to build much needed systems of support. Experiencing painful emotions can feel scary, but we'll do it together: it's my privilege to walk with you through this territory to help you rediscover the richness and creativity that lies within you. And have some fun in the process!
Are you a couple or individual struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma or relationship difficulties? Caught in a negative cycle of worry or panic? We all seek love and to belong, and have experienced ruptures there. Understanding the story under your story will help you rediscover your vital inner resourcefulness. I will join with you to build much needed systems of support. Experiencing painful emotions can feel scary, but we'll do it together: it's my privilege to walk with you through this territory to help you rediscover the richness and creativity that lies within you. And have some fun in the process!
(778) 771-1718 View (778) 771-1718
Photo of Kelsey MacDougall: Holistic Psychotherapy, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Kelsey MacDougall: Holistic Psychotherapy
Counsellor, RCC, SEP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bowen Island, BC V0N  (Online Only)
Now Accepting New Clients! Struggling with anxiety? Having difficulty in your relationships? Feeling overwhelmed? If you're tired of how things are going, and are ready to make some changes, lets talk. Together we can explore the root of what's holding you back, so you can finally move forward and live a happier and more fulfilled life. I also In-Person events, including a Women's Somatic Healing Circle in Squamish, and a Spring Solstice Day Retreat on Bowen Island! Head to my website for more info!
Now Accepting New Clients! Struggling with anxiety? Having difficulty in your relationships? Feeling overwhelmed? If you're tired of how things are going, and are ready to make some changes, lets talk. Together we can explore the root of what's holding you back, so you can finally move forward and live a happier and more fulfilled life. I also In-Person events, including a Women's Somatic Healing Circle in Squamish, and a Spring Solstice Day Retreat on Bowen Island! Head to my website for more info!
(778) 654-1507 View (778) 654-1507

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Leah Pagels, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bowen Island, BC
Leah Pagels
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gibsons, BC V0N
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that each person and family is unique and deserves a unique approach to therapy. My practice is primarily informed by cognitive behavioral therapy (including mindfulness and acceptance, and commitment), as well as dialectical behavioral, interpersonal, and solution-focused therapy. I am a registered social worker with the BC College of Social Workers, and received my Master of Social Work from the University of British Columbia, as well as an undergraduate degree in Psychology.
I believe that each person and family is unique and deserves a unique approach to therapy. My practice is primarily informed by cognitive behavioral therapy (including mindfulness and acceptance, and commitment), as well as dialectical behavioral, interpersonal, and solution-focused therapy. I am a registered social worker with the BC College of Social Workers, and received my Master of Social Work from the University of British Columbia, as well as an undergraduate degree in Psychology.
(226) 799-9395 View (226) 799-9395
Photo of Agnieszka Wyka, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Agnieszka Wyka
Counsellor, MC, RCC
Verified Verified
Pemberton, BC V0N
I am focused on how the brain is wired, how it responds to threat and what needs to happen in order to propel us towards optimal mental health and wellness. I focus my work on helping clients repair the emotional wounds that cause them distress and hold them back from living their best life possible.
I am focused on how the brain is wired, how it responds to threat and what needs to happen in order to propel us towards optimal mental health and wellness. I focus my work on helping clients repair the emotional wounds that cause them distress and hold them back from living their best life possible.
(343) 453-1166 View (343) 453-1166
Photo of Maha Sarraf, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Maha Sarraf
Counsellor, MA, MEd, RPC-C, RTC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Squamish, BC V0N
Maha has a gentle, nurturing and collaborative approach in her work. She is skilled at holding a safe space for her clients—ensuring she meets them where they are. Maha strives to create real and deep relationships built on trust and safety. She does that by helping clients understand and become aware of their patterns. Maha helps clients gently dig into the layers of the past, shedding light, acceptance and understanding of self. Maha works with individuals and couples to improve the relationships in their life.
Maha has a gentle, nurturing and collaborative approach in her work. She is skilled at holding a safe space for her clients—ensuring she meets them where they are. Maha strives to create real and deep relationships built on trust and safety. She does that by helping clients understand and become aware of their patterns. Maha helps clients gently dig into the layers of the past, shedding light, acceptance and understanding of self. Maha works with individuals and couples to improve the relationships in their life.
(450) 915-5376 View (450) 915-5376
Photo of Danielle Buchanan, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Danielle Buchanan
Counsellor, MCP, RCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Whistler, BC V0N
I am a Registered Clinical Counselor as well as a Certified Life Coach. The therapeutic approaches I use are dependent on your unique needs. If you have landed here, chances are you haven't been feeling quite like yourself. Whether you have lost a loved one, your career, a significant relationship or even your sense of self, you have come to the right place.
I am a Registered Clinical Counselor as well as a Certified Life Coach. The therapeutic approaches I use are dependent on your unique needs. If you have landed here, chances are you haven't been feeling quite like yourself. Whether you have lost a loved one, your career, a significant relationship or even your sense of self, you have come to the right place.
(604) 245-5618 View (604) 245-5618
Photo of Sapphire Harpin, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Sapphire Harpin
Counsellor, RCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Squamish, BC V0N
Life can be messy, difficult, and complicated. (So much more that we expect!). Navigating this is tricky - human beings are complex individuals and we each face unique issues and challenges. Therapy offers a space to untangle the discomfort (while also building resilience and skills to respond to future challenges) so you can focus on living the life you want. Building upon my corporate background, I specialize in navigating challenges between professional and personal worlds. I often work with entrepreneurs or professionals (in high-pressure, finance or medical roles) and young adults in their early career stages.
Life can be messy, difficult, and complicated. (So much more that we expect!). Navigating this is tricky - human beings are complex individuals and we each face unique issues and challenges. Therapy offers a space to untangle the discomfort (while also building resilience and skills to respond to future challenges) so you can focus on living the life you want. Building upon my corporate background, I specialize in navigating challenges between professional and personal worlds. I often work with entrepreneurs or professionals (in high-pressure, finance or medical roles) and young adults in their early career stages.
(587) 605-1498 View (587) 605-1498
Photo of Sehleeah Schevers, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Sehleeah Schevers
Counsellor, BSc, MACP, CCC, RCC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Port Hardy, BC V0N
New Clients Welcome! If you struggle with self-love and self-compassion, together we look inward, to see what holds you back from being happy and content. Emotions (guilt/shame, anger, depression, & anxiety) are telling you something needs attention. Rather than avoid the problem, we problem solve. I help clients identify goals to gain clarity. We work on becoming emotionally resilient using many therapies to grow, emerge stronger and more peaceful. My approach draws from CBT, DBT, trauma-informed, somatic, and mindfulness-based therapies. I work with individuals (children, youth, adults), couples, and families.
New Clients Welcome! If you struggle with self-love and self-compassion, together we look inward, to see what holds you back from being happy and content. Emotions (guilt/shame, anger, depression, & anxiety) are telling you something needs attention. Rather than avoid the problem, we problem solve. I help clients identify goals to gain clarity. We work on becoming emotionally resilient using many therapies to grow, emerge stronger and more peaceful. My approach draws from CBT, DBT, trauma-informed, somatic, and mindfulness-based therapies. I work with individuals (children, youth, adults), couples, and families.
(249) 802-3584 View (249) 802-3584
Photo of NKA Counselling and Consulting Inc., Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Bowen Island, BC
NKA Counselling and Consulting Inc.
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Britannia Beach, BC V0N
Life can be overwhelming sometimes and we feel that there is no way out because there are stressors everywhere we turn. It can feel like there is no way out of the overwhelming stressors we face, but I am here to let you know that it does not have to be so. Let us walk alongside in your journey of healing and mental wellness. As a registered social worker, I believe that you the client are the expert in your own life, and I am simply here to work in collaboration with you to reach your full potential. As Brene Brown says, "Vulnerability is the birthplace of innovation, creativity and change".
Life can be overwhelming sometimes and we feel that there is no way out because there are stressors everywhere we turn. It can feel like there is no way out of the overwhelming stressors we face, but I am here to let you know that it does not have to be so. Let us walk alongside in your journey of healing and mental wellness. As a registered social worker, I believe that you the client are the expert in your own life, and I am simply here to work in collaboration with you to reach your full potential. As Brene Brown says, "Vulnerability is the birthplace of innovation, creativity and change".
(825) 250-0305 View (825) 250-0305
Photo of Laura Hemmerling, Counsellor in Bowen Island, BC
Laura Hemmerling
Counsellor, BA, RTC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Gibsons, BC V0N
Are you tired of feeling trapped in a cycle, battling against waves of overwhelm and exhaustion? Perhaps your mind feels like a battleground, overrun by intrusive thoughts, leading to challenging emotions and compulsive behaviours or addictions. Do you suffer from low self esteem and social anxiety? Maybe you are noticing a pattern of codependent or toxic relationships in your life and don't know how to break free. Are you ready to gain insight, develop healthy coping skills and create change in your life? I offer a safe space for you to show up exactly as you are and support you in who you want to become.
Are you tired of feeling trapped in a cycle, battling against waves of overwhelm and exhaustion? Perhaps your mind feels like a battleground, overrun by intrusive thoughts, leading to challenging emotions and compulsive behaviours or addictions. Do you suffer from low self esteem and social anxiety? Maybe you are noticing a pattern of codependent or toxic relationships in your life and don't know how to break free. Are you ready to gain insight, develop healthy coping skills and create change in your life? I offer a safe space for you to show up exactly as you are and support you in who you want to become.
(249) 496-3321 View (249) 496-3321

See more therapy options for Bowen Island

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Bowen Island, BC

10+

Average cost per session

$145

Counsellors in Bowen Island, BC who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
92% Anxiety
92% Self Esteem
83% Relationship Issues
75% Grief
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Stress

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Green Shield Canada
67% Manulife
50% Other

How Counsellors in Bowen Island, BC see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Bowen Island?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.