Lately I've been reading Eleanor Roosevelt's You Learn by Living: 11 Keys for a More Fulfilling Life and don't think it is possible to overestimate how inspiring her words still are after more than 50 years since it was first published.
And I'm struck by how one of the famous quotes regarding Roosevelt's second key, i.e. needing to face the great enemy, fear: "You must do the thing you think you cannot do".
This oft cited quote is without a doubt a secret to adult identity development too. We know that the most mature of all four identity statuses is Identity Achievement, which requires commitment -- and exploration.
And the less willing we are to consider alternate points of view, via reading, conversations with others who are different, or merely pushing ourselves out of our comfort zone by traveling to explore a new city, the fewer opportunities to have to learn more about the world -- and our role in it.
So if there are any graduate students out there interested in identity development during adulthood, they might want to determine if and how facing our fears plays a role in moving from an Identity Diffusion or Identity Foreclosure to an Identity Moratorium or Identity Achievement.
In the meantime, I recommend strongly that everyone read You Learn by Living: 11 Keys for a More Fulfilling Life.